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1.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(6): 570-576, 2022 Jun 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35754232

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the therapeutic effects of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and traditional surgical modes in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Methods: The clinicopathological data of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from 2010 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. 135 cases were treated with traditional surgery (non-TORS group), while 52 cases were treated with TORS (TORS group). The prognosis of the two groups of patients were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test, the influencing factors were analyzed by Cox regression model. Results: The 2-year overall survival (OS, 94.2%) and 2-year progression-free survival (PFS, 93.8%) of patients in the TORS group were better than those in the non-TORS group (71.4% and 71.4%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (93.3%) and 2-year PFS (92.8%) of TORS group patients in T1-2 stage were better than those of non-TORS group (73.1% and 72.8%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (95.8%) and 2-year PFS (95.2%) of patients with stage Ⅰ to Ⅱ in the TORS group were not significantly different from those in the non-TORS group (84.1% and 83.9%, respectively, P>0.05). The 2-year OS (92.9%) and 2-year PFS rate (92.7%) of patients with stage Ⅲ to Ⅳ in the TORS group were better than those in the non-TORS group (64.7% and 63.9%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (94.4%) of HPV-positive patients in the TORS group was not significantly different from that in the non-TORS group (83.3%, P=0.222). The 2-year OS of HPV-negative patients in the TORS group (94.1%) was significantly different from that in the non-TORS group (43.7%, P<0.001). HPV status was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.008). Conclusions: TORS has a better prognosis in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma compared with the traditional treatment methods. The patients with T1-T2 can achieve better survival benefits after TORS treatment. The HPV-positive OPSCC patients has a better prognosis than that of HPV-negative OPSCC patients, and regardless of HPV status, OPSCC patients in the TORS group could obtain a better survival prognosis.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Infecciones por Papillomavirus , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Humanos , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patología , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/cirugía , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/complicaciones , Estudios Retrospectivos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/efectos adversos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeza y Cuello/cirugía
2.
Osteoporos Int ; 2022 Jun 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35763074

RESUMEN

In an Ontario fracture liaison service (FLS), we compared medication prescription rates among patients not taking a previously prescribed bone active medication to those with no previous prescription. Prescription rates were similar between these two groups of patients. The FLS provided a secondary opportunity for patients to initiate bone active medication. PURPOSE: We compared bone active medication prescription rates among patients presenting to an Ontario fracture liaison service (FLS) who reported not taking a previously prescribed bone active medication to those with no history of prescription. METHODS: Eligible patients were those screened in 39 fracture clinics between July 1, 2017, and September 15, 2019, who were not taking bone active medication at the time of screening and classified as high risk for future fracture based on CAROC or FRAX. Sociodemographic and clinical risk factor variables were assessed at screening. Bone active medication prescription rate was assessed within 6 months of screening and defined as having received a prescription for the medication from either a specialist or primary care provider. In cases where a specialist report was not available, patient self-reported data were collected. The chi-square test of independence was used to assess differences in prescription rates. RESULTS: Of 17,575 patients screened, eligible patients were 350 with a previous prescription and 2644 without a previous prescription. Compared with patients who reported no previous prescription, those who had a previous prescription were older, more likely to be female and to report a previous fracture, and less likely to smoke. There was no statistically significant difference between the medication prescription rate of patients with a previous prescription (73.7%) compared to patients with no previous prescription (70.7%) (p = 0.157). CONCLUSION: A large jurisdiction-wide FLS approach provided a secondary opportunity to patients who were not taking a previously prescribed bone active medication to initiate that medication.

3.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 136-145, 20220000. fig
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373083

RESUMEN

Introducción: la Pandemia por SARS CoV ­ 2 (COVID ­ 19) tuvo un impacto significativo en el desarrollo de los servicios quirúrgicos en general y obligo a establecer protocolos de actuación para las distintas patologías a fin de cuidar al máximo los recursos humanos y la capacidad instalada de los hospitales para hacer frente a esta contingencia mundial. Objetivos: presentar una casuística de 7 pacientes con reconstrucción microquirúrgica de patología de cabeza y cuello en estadios avanzados y patología de miembros inferiores durante la pandemia por COVID - 19. Materiales y Métodos: trabajo retrospectivo, se revisaron las historias clínicas físicas y digitales. Se incluyeron 5 pacientes con patología avanzada de cabeza y cuello y 2 pacientes con patología de miembros inferiores. Resultados: cinco pacientes fueron operados por patología avanzada de cabeza y cuello: 3 pacientes con carcinomas escamosos de cavidad oral estadio IVa, 1 paciente con carcinoma escamoso de piel avanzado estadio IV y 1 paciente con fractura compleja de maxilar inferior por herida de arma de fuego con fistula oro-cutánea crónica, con exposición del material de osteosíntesis, mala oclusión y pérdida de peso importante por dificultad para alimentación. Dos pacientes fueron operados por patología de miembros inferiores en tercio inferior de pierna, uno por fractura expuesta grave con defecto de tejidos blandos y el otro por una ulcera arterial. Conclusión: la cirugía reconstructiva microquirúrgica puede realizarse con buenos niveles de seguridad para el personal de salud y para los pacientes afectados por patologías avanzadas de cabeza y cuello y otras patologías que requieran colgajos libres. Es fundamental respetar estrictamente los protocolos para evitar los contagios en el medio intrahospitalario, entendiendo que debe considerarse todo paciente que ingrese al hospital como COVID (+) hasta que se demuestre lo contrario


Introduction: the SARS CoV ­ 2 (COVID ­ 19) Pandemic had a significant impact on the development of surgical services in general and forced the establishment of action protocols for the different pathologies in order to take maximum care of human resources and capacity. installed in hospitals to deal with this global contingency. Objectives: to present a casuistry of 7 patients with microsurgical reconstruction of head and neck pathology in advanced stages and lower limb pathology during the COVID - 19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: retrospective work, physical and digital medical records were reviewed. Five patients with advanced head and neck disease and 2 patients with lower limb disease were included. Results: five patients underwent surgery for advanced head and neck disease: 3 patients with stage IVa squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, 1 patient with stage IV advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, and 1 patient with a complex fracture of the lower jaw due to a gunshot wound. with chronic oro-cutaneous fistula, with exposure of the osteosynthesis material, poor occlusion and significant weight loss due to difficulty feeding. Two patients underwent surgery for pathology of the lower limbs in the lower third of the leg, one for a severe open fracture with a soft tissue defect and the other for an arterial ulcer. Conclusion: microsurgical reconstructive surgery can be performed with good levels of safety for health personnel and for patients affected by advanced pathologies of the head and neck and other pathologies that require free flaps. It is essential to strictly respect the protocols to avoid contagion in the hospital environment, understanding that every patient who enters the hospital must be considered as COVID (+) until proven otherwise.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Medidas de Seguridad/normas , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Operativos , Protocolos Clínicos , Guías como Asunto/prevención & control , Extremidad Inferior/cirugía , Equipo de Protección Personal , COVID-19 , Cabeza/cirugía , Cuello/cirugía
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(19): 1417-1422, 2022 May 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35599405

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the changes of cerebral blood perfusion in patients with unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) by using the three-dimensional pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (3D pCASL) technique. Methods: The clinical characteristics and ASL data of the 32 patients with unilateral SSNHL were retrospectively collected from November 2020 to June 2021 in Beijing Fuxing Hospital of Capital Medical University, among them, there were 7 males and 25 females, aged from 17 to 73 (44.9±14.4) years. According to the location of SSNHL, they were divided into the left SSNHL (L-SSNHL) group (18 cases) and the right SSNHL (R-SSNHL) group (14 cases). A total of 34 healthy volunteers, which including 14 males and 20 females, aged from 24 to 68 (46.2±14.4) years were enrolled from the local community. The parameter of cerebral blood flow (CBF) of each brain area was obtained using the CereFlow software. The Brainnetome Atlas software package based on MATLAB was used for visualization. The independent-samples t test was conducted to compare the difference of cerebral blood perfusion between the unilateral SSNHL group and healthy control (HC) group. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between changes in cerebral blood perfusion and clinical scale scores. Results: The CBF of left orbital gyrus part 5, left inferior temporal gyrus part 7, right orbital gyrus part 5, right inferior temporal gyrus part 1, right inferior temporal gyrus part 7, and right parahippocampal gyrus part 3 of the L-SSNHL group were higher than that in the HC group[(49.1±8.8) vs (31.6±10.9)ml·100g-1·min-1;(42.8±14.3) vs (27.1±13.6)ml·100g-1·min-1;(51.8±9.4) vs (27.2±11.2)ml·100g-1·min-1;(38.8±5.7) vs (28.0±9.2)ml·100g-1·min-1;(38.4±13.8) vs (23.6±10.3)ml·100g-1·min-1;(42.4±9.4) vs (30.1±12.6)ml·100g-1·min-1; all P<0.05]. The CBF of left superior frontal gyrus part 7 and left middle frontal gyrus part 3 of the L-SSNHL group were lower than that in the HC group[(48.2±7.9) vs (59.3±13.7)ml·100g-1·min-1;(46.4±10.3) vs (59.3±16.9)ml·100g-1·min-1;all P<0.05]. The CBF of left orbital gyrus part 5, right orbital gyrus part 5, right inferior temporal gyrus part 1, and right inferior temporal gyrus part 7 of the R-SSNHL group were higher than that in the HC group[(50.6±7.0) vs (31.6±10.9)ml·100g-1·min-1;(50.9±8.8) vs (27.2±11.2)ml·100 g-1·min-1;(38.0±7.2) vs (28.0±9.2)ml·100g-1·min-1;(35.7±8.5) vs (23.6±10.3)ml·100g-1·min-1;all P<0.05]; the CBF of right insular part 4 was lower than that in the HC group [(44.2±6.1) vs (54.4±11.3) ml·100 g-1·min-1, P=0.018]. In the L-SSNHL group, the CBF of left superior frontal gyrus part 7 and right orbital gyrus part 5 were negatively correlated with the VAS score(r=-0.83, -0.81, all P<0.05), and the CBF of right orbital gyrus part 5 was negatively correlated with the THI score(r=-0.75, P=0.013). There was no statistically significant correlation between the remaining differences in brain regions and clinical scale scores(all P>0.05). Conclusion: Changes in cerebral blood perfusion in multiple brain regions were found in patients with unilateral SSNHL by using the 3D pCASL technique.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Encéfalo , Circulación Cerebrovascular , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Perfusión , Estudios Retrospectivos , Marcadores de Spin
5.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(5): 446-449, 2022 May 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35615803

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the indications, safety, feasibility, and surgical technique for patients with head and neck cancers undergoing transoral robotic retropharyngeal lymph node (RPLN) dissection. Methods: The current study enrolled 12 consecutive head and neck cancer patients (seven males and four females) who underwent transoral robotic RPLN dissection with the da Vinci surgical robotic system at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from May 2019 to July 2020. Seven patients were diagnosed as nasopharyngeal carcinoma with RPLN metastasis after initial treatments, 4 patients were diagnosed as thyroid carcinoma with RPLN metastasis after initial treatments, and one patient was diagnosed as oropharyngeal carcinoma with RPLN metastasis before initial treatments. The operation procedure and duration time, intraoperative blood loss volume and complications, nasogastric feeding tube dependence, tracheostomy dependence, postoperative complications, and hospitalization time were recorded and analyzed. Results: All patients were successfully treated by transoral robotic dissection of the metastatic RPLNs, none of which was converted to open surgery. RPLNs were completely resected in 10 patients, and partly resected in 2 patients (both were nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients). The mean number of RPLN dissected was 1.7. The operation duration time and intraoperative blood loss volume were (191.3±101.1) min and (150.0±86.6) ml, respectively. There was no severe intraoperative complication such as massive haemorrhage or adjacent organ injury during surgery. Nasogastric tube use was required in all patients with (17.1±10.6) days of dependence, while tracheotomy was performed in 8 patients with (11.6±10.7) days of dependence. The postoperative hospitalization stay was (8.5±5.7) days. Postoperative complications occurred in 4 patients, including 2 of retropharyngeal incision and 2 of dysphagia. During a follow-up of (6.5±5.1) months, disease-free progression was observed in all patients, 10 patients were disease-free survival and other 2 patients were survival with tumor burden. Conclusions: The transoral robotic RPLN dissection is safety and feasible. Compared with the traditional open surgical approach, it is less traumatic and safer, has fewer complications and good clinical application potentiality. The indications for transoral robotic RPLN dissection include thyroid carcinoma, oropharyngeal carcinoma, and some selected nasopharyngeal carcinoma and other head and neck cancers. Metastatic RPLNs from some nasopharyngeal carcinoma with incomplete capsule, unclear border and adhesion to the surrounding vessels are not suitable for transoral robotic RPLN dissection.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Neoplasias de la Tiroides , Pérdida de Sangre Quirúrgica , Femenino , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/patología , Humanos , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático/métodos , Ganglios Linfáticos/patología , Masculino , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patología , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patología , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/cirugía , Disección del Cuello/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/métodos , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/patología
6.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35610671

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic and prognostic outcomes of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods: A retrospective study of 99 OSCC patients treated with TORS in Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between April 2017 and May 2021 was conducted. There were 84 males and 15 females, with an age range of 35-85 years. Patients' clinical characteristics, including clinical staging, HPV infection status, perioperative management and postoperative adjuvant treatment, were recorded. The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed. The survival outcomes were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test. Results: The hospital stay of OSCC patients with TORS was (5.3±2.9) days and the average time of postoperative nasal feeding tube indwelling was (15.2±10.8) days. Among the 99 patients, 21 (21.2%) received tracheotomy and the average time of tracheotomy tube indwelling was (11.9±11.4) days. The two-year OS and PFS in patients with follow-up over two years were 94.0% and 87.7%, respectively and the three-year OS and PFS of patients with follow-up over three years were 94.0% and 78.9%, respectively. The two-year OS and PFS were respectively 97.4% and 88.9%, for patients with stages I-II and 86.8% and 88.9% for patients with stages III-IV. HPV-negative and HPV-positive patients had respectively two-year OS (100.0% vs. 91.5%) and PFS (88.9% vs. 87.2%). There was no significantly statistical difference in survival between patients with and without adjuvant radiotherapy after TORS (82.6% vs. 90.5%, HR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.12-2.23, P=0.400). Conclusions: TORS is more suitable for the treatment of patients with early (Ⅰ-Ⅱ) or HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and the recovery after TORS treatment is good.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Infecciones por Papillomavirus , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/cirugía , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeza y Cuello/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Osteoporos Int ; 2022 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536327

RESUMEN

We examined the demographic characteristics and risk factors of FLS fragility fracture patients who had sustained prior fragility fracture(s) and found that this is an important high-risk subgroup that warrants further attention within FLS priority pathways in order to disrupt their fragility fracture cycle. PURPOSE: Our primary objective was to examine whether fragility fracture patients presenting to a provincial fracture liaison service (FLS) having a history of prior fractures, versus those without, differ in demographic characteristics and risk factors for future fracture. A secondary objective was to understand if those who report two or more prior fractures differ from those reporting one prior fracture. METHODS: This cohort study included fragility fracture patients aged 50 + enrolled in the Ontario FLS between July 2017 and September 2019. Patients with versus those without prior fractures were compared on age, sex, index fracture site, biological parents' history of hip fracture, current fracture due to a fall, history of feeling unsteady when walking, history of falls in the past year, smoking, oral steroid use, and comorbid chronic conditions. Pearson's chi-square, Fischer's exact, and analysis of variance tests were used to assess differences. RESULTS: Among 14,454 patients, 16.8% (n = 2428) reported a history of one or more prior fractures after the age of 40. They were significantly more likely to be older, female, with a higher number of comorbidities, with greater incidence of falls, and feel unsteady when walking. Compared to those with one prior fracture, patients with greater than one prior fracture were more likely to report falls in the past year and feel unsteady when walking. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that FLS fragility fracture patients who had sustained prior fragility fracture are an important high-risk subgroup that warrants further attention within FLS priority pathways in order to disrupt their fragility fracture cycle.

8.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2022 May 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35611559

RESUMEN

Phosphate rock containing rare-earth elements (REEs) is considered one of the most promising potential secondary sources of REEs, as evidenced by large tonnages of phosphate rock mined annually. The bioleaching of REEs from phosphate rock using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans was done for the first time in this study, and it was found to be greater than abiotic leaching and was more environmentally friendly. The result showed that the total leaching rate of REEs in phosphate rock was 28·46% under the condition of 1% pulp concentration and pH = 2, and the leaching rates of four key rare earths, Y, La, Ce and Nd, were 35·7, 37·03, 27·92 and 32·53% respectively. The bioleaching process was found to be accomplished by bacterial contact and Fe2+ oxidation. The blank control group which contained Fe2+ was able to leach some of the rare earths, indicating that the oxidation of Fe2+ may affect the leaching of rare earths. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the minerals were significantly altered and the intensity of the diffraction peaks of dolomite and apatite decreased significantly after microbial action compared to the blank control, and it was observed that bacteria adhere to the mineral surface and the minerals become smooth and angular after bioleaching by scanning electron microscope, indicating that bacteria have a further effect on the rock based on Fe2+ oxidation. Finally, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectra analysis showed that extracellular polymeric substances participate in the bioleaching process.

9.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 1601-1611, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418762

RESUMEN

Background: Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) and carbapenemase-producing E. coli (CP-EC) is well reported among hospitalized adults and children. However, there are few studies on the carriage prevalence and ESBL-EC and CP-EC genotypes among healthy children in China. Patients and Methods: Stool samples were collected from 330 students in 2021 from three randomly selected primary schools in Changsha, China. ESBL-EC and CP-EC were screened using CHROMagarTM chromogenic plates. ESBL and carbapenemase production was confirmed using the double-disc synergy test and a modified carbapenem inactivation method, respectively. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested using the broth microdilution method. Resistance determinants, virulence factors, and phylogenetic groups were determined by PCR and sequencing. Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) was performed (seven housekeeping genes were amplified and sequenced) on the phylogenic group B2 E. coli to detect high-risk clonal strains such as ST131 E. coli. Then, ST131 E. coli were characterized based on ST131 clades, O-type, and fimH alleles. Results: In total, 118 (35.8%) ESBL-EC and 3 (0.9%) CP-EC were isolated. bla CTX-M was the most common genotype (27.1%), identified in all ESBL-EC, except one, which carried bla SHV-12. One isolate with mcr-1 was found amongst ESBL-EC, whereas all three CP-EC carried bla NDM-1. The predominant sequence type (ST) clones in group B2 were ST131 and ST1193. The prevalence of ST131 E. coli was 9.9%, displaying serotypes O16 and O25b, fimH alleles 30, 41, and 89, and ST131 clades A and C1-M27. Conclusion: In this study, high carriage rate of ESBL-EC was found among healthy children, and the dominant ESBL was CTX-M-14. In addition, high-risk clones (ST131 and ST1193) were also detected. This emphasizes the importance of monitoring ESBL-EC in community settings.

10.
Osteoporos Int ; 33(5): 1079-1087, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994816

RESUMEN

This population-based study demonstrates a strong link between Mg-containing antacid exposure and hip fracture risk in nondialysis CKD and dialysis patients. As an Mg-containing antacid, MgO is also commonly used as a stool softener, which can be effortlessly replaced by other laxatives in CKD patients to maintain bone health. PURPOSE: Bone fracture is a severe complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, leading to disability and reduced survival. In CKD patients, blood magnesium (Mg) concentrations are usually above the normal range due to reduced kidney excretion of Mg. The present study examines the association between Mg-containing antacid exposure and the risk of hip fracture of CKD patients. METHODS: In this nationwide nested case-control study, we enrolled 44,062 CKD patients with hip fracture and 44,062 CKD matched controls, among which the mean age was 77.1 years old, and 87.9% was nondialysis CKD. RESULTS: As compared to non-users, Mg-containing antacid users were significantly more likely to experience hip fracture (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.36, 95% CI, 1.32 to 1.41; p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that such risk exists in both nondialysis CKD patients and long-term dialysis patients. In contrast, aluminum or calcium-containing-antacid use did not reveal such association. Next, we examined the influence of Mg-containing antacid dosage on hip fracture risk, the adjusted ORs in the first quartile (Q1), Q2, Q3, and Q4 were 1.20 (95% CI, 1.15 to 1.25; p < 0.001), 1.35 (95% CI, 1.30 to 1.41; p < 0.001), 1.49 (95% CI, 1.43 to 1.56; p < 0.001), and 1.54 (95% CI, 1.47 to 1.61; p < 0.001), respectively, showing that such risk exists regardless of the antacid dosage. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the best cutoff value of the exposed Mg dose to discriminate the hip fracture is 532 mEq during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: This population-based study demonstrates a strong link between Mg-containing antacid exposure and the hip fracture risk in both nondialysis CKD and dialysis patients.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Anciano , Antiácidos/efectos adversos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Fracturas de Cadera/complicaciones , Fracturas de Cadera/etiología , Humanos , Magnesio , Masculino , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/terapia , Factores de Riesgo
11.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 891-896, 2021 Nov 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743449

RESUMEN

Objectives: To compare the efficiacy of retro-auricular single-site endoscopic thyroidectomy (RASSET) and that of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA). Methods: In Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 10 patients underwent RASSET from June 2021 to August 2021, and 21 patients underwent TOETVA from January 2016 to August 2021. All the 21 patients' clinical data was analyzed retrospectively. There were 2 males and 8 females in the RASSET group, aging (48.2±13.9) years (range: 28 to 67 years). There were 5 males and 16 females in the TOETVA group, aging (31.3±8.2) years (range: 21 to 49 years). All patients underwent thyroid lobectomy. A 3 cm in length incision was cut on single auricula posterior sulci to creat the approach in the RASSET group. Then a Trocar made with of a glove was inserted. Retaining the omohyoid, the sternocleidomastoid muscle and anterior cervical muscle were pulled apart, exposing a single lobe of the thyroid gland and lymphatic tissue of zone Ⅵ, for en-bloc resection. The clinical data of the two groups were collected and analyzed by t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher exact test or χ2 test. Clinical data and postoperative efficacy indexes such as operation time, postoperative C reactive protein level, and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: Compared with the TOETVA group, the operation time was longer in the RASSET group ((256.8±77.0) minutes vs. (201.2±54.9) minutes, t=2.31, P=0.028), and increase of postoperative C reaction protein (24 hours postoperative vs. preoperative) was lower in the RASSET group (8.58(13.24) mg/L vs. 46.24(48.88) mg/L, Z=-4.311, P<0.01). But there was no significant difference between the RASSET group and TOETVA group in the number of lymph nodes dissection (2(5) vs. 2(3), Z=-0.326, P=0.759). Besides, there were no complications in the RASSET group. Conclusion: Retro-auricular single-site endoscopic thyroid loectomy is easy to achieve the en-bloc resection of tumors with a well-concealed scar and less traumatic dissection.


Asunto(s)
Glándula Tiroides , Tiroidectomía , Endoscopía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Tempo Operativo , Estudios Retrospectivos
13.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(40): 8691-8695, 2021 Oct 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581382

RESUMEN

A practical and mild method for the switchable synthesis of sulfoxides or sulfones via selective oxidation of sulfides using cheap N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide (NFSI) as the oxidant has been developed. These highly chemoselective transformations were simply achieved by varying the NFSI loading with H2O as the green solvent and oxygen source without any additives. The good functional group tolerance makes the strategy valuable.

15.
Cancer Lett ; 521: 294-307, 2021 Aug 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416337

RESUMEN

The deregulation of polypeptide N-acetyl-galactosaminyltransferases (GALNTs) contributes to several cancers, but their roles in lung cancer remain unclear. In this study, we have identified a tumor-suppressing role of GALNT3 in lung cancer. We found that GALNT3 suppressed lung cancer development and progression in both xenograft and syngeneic mouse models. Specifically, GALNT3 suppressed lung cancer initiation by inhibiting the self-renewal of lung cancer cells. More importantly, GALNT3 attenuated lung cancer growth by preventing the creation of a favorable tumor microenvironment (TME), which was attributed to GALNT3's ability to inhibit myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) infiltration into tumor sites and subsequent angiogenesis. We also identified a GALNT3-regulated gene (GRG) signature and found that lung cancer patients whose tumors exhibit the GRG signature showed more favorable prognoses. Further investigation revealed that GALNT3 suppressed lung cancer cell self-renewal by reducing ß-catenin levels, which led to reduced expression of the downstream targets of the WNT pathway. In addition, GALNT3 inhibited MDSC infiltration into tumor sites by suppressing both the TNFR1-NFκB and cMET-pAKT pathways. Specifically, GALNT3 inhibited the nuclear localization of NFκB and the c-MET-induced phosphorylation of AKT. This then led to reduced production of CXCL1, a chemokine required for MDSC recruitment. Finally, we confirmed that the GALNT3-induced inhibition of the TNFR1-NFκB and cMET-pAKT pathways involved the O-GalNAcylation of the TNFR1 and cMET receptors. In summary, we have identified GALNT3 as the first GALNT member capable of suppressing lung cancer and uncovered a novel mechanism by which GALNT3 regulates the TME.

16.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344100

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the safety, efficacy and feasibility of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for parapharyngeal space (PPS) neoplasms. Methods: We collected data from 7 patients with PPS neoplasm who received TORS in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between May 2017 and November 2020, and patients' clinical and pathological characteristics were analysed. There were 2 men and 5 women with age ranged from 35 to 76 years. Among them, 2 patients underwent secondary surgery, 2 patients required combined transcervical approach to complete surgery, and 1 patient was suspected of ipsilateral cervical lymph node metastasis and scheduled for diagnostic TORS. The preoperative tumor size, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative bleeding, dyspnea, neurological impairment, feeding time and postoperative hospital stay were analyzed. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the data. Results: TORS was performed successfully with complete removal of tumors in all 7 cases. Among 6 patients with curative TORS, 5 patients received TORS with postoperative diagnoses of neurogenic tumors and 1 patient underwent TORS combined transcervical approach with postoperative disgnosis of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma; no intraoperative tumor rupture occurred; the intraoperative blood loss was 20-200 ml with a median of 40 ml; the operation time was 65.0-238.0 min with a median of 77.5 min; the oral feeding time was 3-6 days with a median of 3 days; and the postoperative hospital stay was 4.2±1.6 days. One patient presented with neck swelling 3 days after surgery, but this symptom relieved 3 days later after treatments with antibiotic, hemostasis and detumescence. One patient received diagnostic TORS, as intraoperative pathology indicating a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma, then the neoplasm got completely resected through transcervical-transparotid approach. None of 7 patients manifested with airway obstruction, bleeding or nerve injury symptoms after operation. All patients were followed for 2 to 44 months, no local recurrence or distant metastasis was found. Conclusions: TORS is a safe, effective and feasible treatment for selected PPS neoplasms, with less cosmetic impact, less trauma and blood loss, few postoperative complications, enhanced postoperative recovery and short hospital stay.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Neoplasias Faríngeas , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Espacio Parafaríngeo , Estudios Retrospectivos
17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4757, 2021 Aug 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362917

RESUMEN

The plate tectonic cycle produces chemically distinct mid-ocean ridge basalts and arc volcanics, with the latter enriched in elements such as Ba, Rb, Th, Sr and Pb and depleted in Nb owing to the water-rich flux from the subducted slab. Basalts from back-arc basins, with intermediate compositions, show that such a slab flux can be transported behind the volcanic front of the arc and incorporated into mantle flow. Hence it is puzzling why melts of subduction-modified mantle have rarely been recognized in mid-ocean ridge basalts. Here we report the first mid-ocean ridge basalt samples with distinct arc signatures, akin to back-arc basin basalts, from the Arctic Gakkel Ridge. A new high precision dataset for 576 Gakkel samples suggests a pervasive subduction influence in this region. This influence can also be identified in Atlantic and Indian mid-ocean ridge basalts but is nearly absent in Pacific mid-ocean ridge basalts. Such a hemispheric-scale upper mantle heterogeneity reflects subduction modification of the asthenospheric mantle which is incorporated into mantle flow, and whose geographical distribution is controlled dominantly by a "subduction shield" that has surrounded the Pacific Ocean for 180 Myr. Simple modeling suggests that a slab flux equivalent to ~13% of the output at arcs is incorporated into the convecting upper mantle.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(13): 4451-4455, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286487

RESUMEN

Hemoperitoneum caused by spontaneous rupture of uterine vessels during delivery is relatively rare in obstetric hemorrhage, and even rarer during the puerperal period. It can be life-threatening without timely diagnosis and treatment; therefore, the literature on this topic is very scarce. To explore its etiology and identify its diagnosis and treatment principle, we are reporting a case of shock caused by spontaneous rupture of uterine vessels admitted in our hospital. Its etiology is still unknown, its presenting symptoms are commonly unspecific, and its diagnosis is often made during the surgery. The rupture of uterine vessels during pregnancy should be differentiated from placental abruption, uterine rupture, placenta implantation through the uterus, and abdominal organ rupture. Active and timely operative intervention can prevent the mortality. This case stresses the need for careful post-delivery monitoring for revealed postpartum hemorrhage. We will discuss possible etiologies of uterine vessels rupture during pregnancy, associated imaging findings, and management options.


Asunto(s)
Hemoperitoneo/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Posparto/diagnóstico , Rotura Espontánea/diagnóstico , Choque Hemorrágico/diagnóstico , Útero/irrigación sanguínea , Desprendimiento Prematuro de la Placenta/diagnóstico , Adulto , Transfusión Sanguínea/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Femenino , Hemoperitoneo/etiología , Hemoperitoneo/terapia , Hemostasis Quirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Plasma , Hemorragia Posparto/etiología , Hemorragia Posparto/terapia , Periodo Posparto , Embarazo , Rotura Espontánea/etiología , Rotura Espontánea/terapia , Choque Hemorrágico/etiología , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Resultado del Tratamiento , Rotura Uterina/diagnóstico
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 470-476, 2021 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102730

RESUMEN

Object To examine the preliminary clinical efficacy of custom-made three-dimensional(3D) printed talus prosthesis in the treatment of collapse talus necrosis. Methods: The clinical data of 8 patients who received 3D printed custom-made talus prostheses replacement for severe collapsed necrosis of the talus at the Orthopaedic Sports Medical Center, the First Affiliated Hospital to Army Medical University were analyzed retrospectively.All patients were male,with an average age of 38.0 years (range:22 to 65 years).There were 5 cases of left talus collapse and 3 cases of right talus collapse,with the course of disease of 29.7 weeks (range:6 to 96 weeks).The CT data of contralateral healthy talus were used for mirror image design references for the prosthesis,and the electron-beam 3D printing technology was used to prepare the prosthesis.Titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) was taken as the material for the preparation of the talus body prosthesis,and Co-Cr-Mo material was used as the material for the preparation of the tibialis talus lateral joint surface prosthesis,and the subtalar joint surface of the prosthesis was made from a microporous casting technique.The prosthesis was analyzed preoperatively by digital three-dimensional finite element analysis and solid comparison techniques to measure anatomic match of the prosthesis.A longitudinal incision on medial ankle was made.The necrotic talus was completely removed and the prosthesis was then implanted.The patient was reexamined in the outpatient department 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery.Primary outcome measures were the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) ankle-hind foot score,visual analogue scale(VAS) and ankle range of motion.Changes in imaging data and plantar pressure were also assessed.Repeated measures analysis of variance and paired-t test were used to compare the data. Results: The talus prosthesis measure preoperatively was completely consistent with that contralateral healthy talus and there was no operation-related complication. All the wounds healed primarily. The patients were followed up effectively for 23.17 months (range:12 to 48 months).The preoperative dorsiflexion of patients was (7.6±5.7)°,it increased to(14.2±6.6)° at 12 month after surgery (t=-2.67,P=0.03).The plantar flexion increased from (22.0±9.9)°preoperatively to (29.2±8.7)° at 12 month after surgery (t=-8.95,P<0.01).Preoperative AOFAS ankle-hind foot score was 26.3±6.6,and it increased to 70.1±2.2,76.0±3.4 and 79.3±4.2 at 3 month,6 month and 12 month after surgery(F=56.81,P<0.01);Pre-operative VAS was[M(QR)]3.0(0.8),and it increased to 2.5(1.0),1.5(1.0),1.0(1.0)at 3 month,6 month and 12 month after surgery(F=20.00,P<0.01).At the last follow-up,imaging reexamination showed that the prosthesis of all patients were in stable position with no sign of subsidence.No secondary ankle fusion or revision was required.The talus height increased from (27.6±6.0)mm preoperatively to (34.6±3.5)mm (t=-2.94,P<0.01).The plantar pressure showed that the maximum pressure on the healthy ankle was(629.9±26.1)N,and that on the affected side was(521.4±14.4)N.The pressure on the healthy ankle was(350.6±29.6)N,and that on the necrotic side was (212.3±9.7)N.The load on the contralateral forefoot was(38.1±2.8)% and that on the necrotic side was(11.5±2.0)%.The load on the contralateral hindfoot was (24.6±2.5)% and that on the necrotic side was (21.1±1.8)%. Conclusions: The custom-made 3D printed talus prosthesis could restore the talus anatomy,recover the ankle joint function,relieve the pain of patients and improve the life quality of patients.The effect on plantar pressure is mainly achieved by adjusting the center of gravity of plantar pressure backwards and the increase of weight bearing of the healthy foot.


Asunto(s)
Astrágalo , Articulación del Tobillo , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Necrosis , Impresión Tridimensional , Prótesis e Implantes , Estudios Retrospectivos , Astrágalo/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 664003, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33995088

RESUMEN

Theabrownin (TB), a natural compound present in the fresh leaves of green tea, is a potential antitumor agent. However, so far whether and how TB affects glioma is unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of TB on astroglioma and oligodendroglioma cells. Surprisingly, TB significantly reduced the viabilities of HOG and U251 cells in a dose-dependent manner, which was accompanied by the upregulation of active-Casp-3, Bax, and PTEN; meanwhile, the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2 was downregulated. In addition, TB treatment induced cell cycle arrest at the G1 and G2/M phases in HOG and U251 cells, respectively. TB treatment caused the downregulating of c-myc, cyclin D, CDK2, and CDK4 and upregulating of p21 and p27 in the HOG cell, while TB increased P53, p21, and p27 levels and decreased the levels of cell cycle regulator proteins such as CDK and cyclin A/B in the U251 cells. Therefore, the c-myc- and P53-related mechanisms were proposed for cell cycle arrest in these two glioma cell lines, respectively. Overall, our findings indicated that TB could be a novel candidate drug for the treatment of gliomas.

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