Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.574
Filtrar
1.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819042

RESUMEN

Despite grand advances in Zn-air batteries in recently years, their commercialization remains challenging due largely to the lack of efficient bifunctional oxygen catalysts. Herein, we report the crafting of a bifunctional electrocatalyst comprising ultrafine alloyed FeNi nanoparticles encapsulated within N-doped layered carbon nanosheets (denoted FeNi/N-LCN) for high-efficiency Zn-air batteries. The FeNi/N-LCN electrocatalyst is yielded via the coordination of triphenylimidazole-containing polyaniline (TPANI) oligomer with Fe- and Ni-containing precursors, followed by hydrogen binding with melamine and subsequent pyrolysis. The as-constructed FeNi/N-LCN manifests outstanding activity and stability toward both the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The primary Zn-air battery assembled with FeNi/N-LCN delivers both high specific capacity and peak power density. Remarkably, the rechargeable Zn-air battery can be repeatedly charged and discharged for 1100 h at 5 mA cm-2 and for 600 h at 10 mA cm-2, representing the highest cycling stability among various reported Zn-air batteries.

2.
Crit Rev Anal Chem ; : 1-19, 2021 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840329

RESUMEN

Fraud in herbal medicines (HMs), commonplace throughout human history, is significantly related to medicinal effects with sometimes lethal consequences. Major HMs fraud events seem to occur with a certain regularity, such as substitution by counterfeits, adulteration by addition of inferior production-own materials, adulteration by chemical compounds, and adulteration by addition of foreign matter. The assessment of HMs fraud is in urgent demand to guarantee consumer protection against the four fraudulent activities. In this review, three analysis platforms (targeted, non-targeted, and the combination of non-targeted and targeted analysis) were introduced and summarized. Furthermore, the integration of analysis technology and chemometrics method (e.g., class-modeling, discrimination, and regression method) have also been discussed. Each integration shows different applicability depending on their advantages, drawbacks, and some factors, such as the explicit objective analysis or the nature of four types of HMs fraud. In an attempt to better solve four typical HMs fraud, appropriate analytical strategies are advised and illustrated with several typical studies. The article provides a general workflow of analysis methods that have been used for detection of HMs fraud. All analysis technologies and chemometrics methods applied can conduce to excellent reference value for further exploration of analysis methods in HMs fraud.

3.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 162, 2021 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827496

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The implementation of early intervention (EI) in medical settings is time-consuming and resource-intensive, which limits its extensive use. In 2018, the Chinese Eugenics Association developed a home-based, post-discharge EI program. This study aims at evaluating the impact of this EI program on neurodevelopment and physical growth of early preterm infants. METHODS: This study was a prospective, partially blinded, randomized controlled trial (RCT), followed by an open phase. A total of 73 infants born at 28+ 0 ~ 31+ 6 weeks' gestation who were admitted to the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between December 1, 2019, and June 31, 2020, were enrolled. Another 33 infants were retrospectively recruited as the reference group. Thirty-seven infants randomized in the first early intervention, then standard care (EI-SC) group performed a 30-day EI during RCT period, while 36 infants allocated to SC-EI group were given EI in the following open phase. The test of infant motor performance (TIMP), development quotient (DQ), and anthropometric measures (length, weight, head circumference) were measured at the baseline (T0), termination of the RCT (T1), and termination of the open phase (T2). Repeated measures analysis was performed for comparison among groups. RESULTS: From T0 to T1, both groups had significant improvements in all outcome measures (all p < 0.001). A 30-day EI program was more effective in improving TIMP than standard care (from 53.12 ± 8.79 to 83.50 ± 11.85 in EI-SC group vs from 50.52 ± 8.64 to 75.97 ± 13.44 in SC-EI group, F = 4.232, p = 0.044). EI-SC group also had greater improvements in length, weight, and head circumference than SC-EI group (all p < 0.05). From T0 to T2, there was no significant difference regarding the improvements in all outcomes between the groups (all p > 0.05). At the endpoint of T2, the EI-SC and SC-EI group had similar TIMP and anthropometric measures, but much higher than the reference group (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrated that a home-based, post-discharge EI program in this study was a practical approach to promote motor development and physical growth in early preterm infants. TRIAL REGISTRATION: CHICTR, CTR1900028330, registered December 19, 2019, https:// http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=45706.

4.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(5): 160, 2021 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834299

RESUMEN

A novel electrochemical sensor based on Cu-hemin metal-organic-frameworks nanoflower/three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide (Cu-hemin MOFs/3D-RGO) was constructed to detect H2O2 released from living cells. The nanocomposite was synthesized via a facile co-precipitation method using hemin as the ligand, then decorated with 3D-RGO. The prepared Cu-hemin MOFs showed a 3D hollow spherical flower-like structure with a large specific surface area and mesoporous properties, which could load more biomolecules and greatly enhance the stability by protecting the activity of hemin. In addition, the introduction of 3D-RGO effectively enhanced the conductivity of Cu-hemin MOFs. Thus, the proposed sensor (Cu-hemin MOFs/3D-RGO/GCE) showed excellent electrochemical performances towards H2O2 with a wide linear range (10-24,400 µM), high sensitivity (207.34 µA mM-1 cm-2), low LOD (0.14 µM), and rapid response time (less than 3 s). Most importantly, we prepared a Cu-hemin MOFs/3D-RGO/ITO electrode with cells growing on it. Compared with detecting H2O2 in cell suspension by GCE-based electrode, adhesion of cells on ITO could shorten the diffusion distance of H2O2 from solution to the surface of the electrode and achieve in situ and a real-time monitor of H2O2 released by living cells. This self-supported sensing electrode showed great potential applications in monitoring the pathological and physiological dynamics of cancer cells.

5.
Autophagy ; : 1-21, 2021 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834930

RESUMEN

Macroautophagy/autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved process, plays an important role in the regulation of immune inflammation and nervous system homeostasis. However, the exact role and mechanism of autophagy in pain is still unclear. Here, we showed that impaired autophagy flux mainly occurred in astrocytes during the maintenance of neuropathic pain. No matter the stage of neuropathic pain induction or maintenance, activation of autophagy relieved the level of pain, whereas inhibition of autophagy aggravated pain. Moreover, the levels of neuroinflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were increased or decreased following autophagy inhibition or activation. Further study showed that inhibition of autophagy slowed the induction, but increased the maintenance of neuroinflammatory responses, which could be achieved by promoting the binding of TRAF6 (TNF receptor-associated factor 6) to K63 ubiquitinated protein, and increasing the levels of p-MAPK8/JNK (mitogen-activated protein kinase 8) and nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cells (NFKB/NF-κB). Impaired autophagy also reduced the protective effect of astrocytes on neurons against ROS stress because of the decrease in the level of glutathione released by astrocytes, which could be improved by activating the NFE2L2/NRF2 (nuclear factor, erythroid derived 2, like 2) pathway. We also demonstrated that simultaneous activation of autophagy and the NFE2L2 pathway further relieved pain, compared to activating autophagy alone. Our study provides an underlying mechanism by which autophagy participates in the regulation of neuropathic pain, and a combination of autophagy and NFE2L2 activation may be a new treatment approach for neuropathic pain.Abbreviation: 3-MA: 3-methyladenine; 8-OHdG: 8-hydroxydeoxy-guanosine; ACTB: actin, beta; AMPAR: alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate receptor; ATG: autophagy-related; CAMK2/CaMKII: calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II; CCL7: chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 7; CGAS: cyclic GMP-AMP synthase; CQ: chloroquine; GABA: gamma-aminobutyrate; GCLC: glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit; GFAP: glial fibrillary acidic protein; GSH: glutathione; HMOX1/HO-1: heme oxygenase 1; KEAP1: kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1; MAP1LC3/LC3-II: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta (phosphatidylethanolamine-conjugated form); MAPK: mitogen-activated protein kinase; MAPK1/ERK: mitogen-activated protein kinase 1; MMP2: matrix metallopeptidase 2; MAPK8/JNK: mitogen-activated protein kinase 8; MAPK14/p38: mitogen-activated protein kinase 14; NFE2L2/NRF2: nuclear factor, erythroid derived 2, like 2; NFKB/NF-κB: nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cells; ROS: reactive oxygen species; SLC12A5: solute carrier family 12, member 5; SNL: spinal nerve ligation; TLR4: toll-like receptor 4; TRAF6: TNF receptor-associated factor; TRP: transient receptor potential.

6.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 73(1): 110-117, 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791807

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Inflammation widely exists in many diseases and poses a great threat to human and animal health. Rutin, quercetin-3-rhamnosyl glucoside, has a variety of pharmacological effects, including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticancer and radioresistance effects. The current study focused on evaluation of its anti-inflammatory activity and described the mechanism of rutin in lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 cells. METHODS: The related gene and protein expression levels were investigated by quantification real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively. KEY FINDINGS: This study revealed that rutin can decrease inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene and protein expression levels, effectively increase IκB gene expression, reduce toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and p65 gene expression and inhibit the phosphorylation of IκB and p65 and the proteins expression of TLR4, MyD88 and TRAF6. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that rutin might exert anti-inflammatory effect on LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and will be potentially useful as an adjuvant treatment for inflammatory diseases.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e24887, 2021 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655949

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: Membranous glomerulonephritis (MN) is the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults and is classified as primary or secondary. Secondary MN accounts for 20% to 30% of all MN cases and can arise from a number of conditions, including autoimmune diseases. Recently exostosin 1/exostosin 2 (EXT1/EXT2) have been identified as the common antigens in secondary autoimmune MN and are present in cases of pure membranous lupus nephritis (LN). The treatment of EXT1/EXT2-associated MN remains elusive. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the case of a 15-year-old female who presented with nephrotic syndrome, positive ANA and dsDNA, and low serum complements. A renal biopsy revealed pure membranous nephritis with IgG and C3 deposition. EXT1 was found along the glomerular capillary walls and stained positive, while phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) and thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) were negative. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with ETX1-associated membranous LN. INTERVENTIONS: She was treated with prednisone and multiple low-dose rituximab (4 200 mg doses, approximately every 2 months, based on CD19+ cells counts). OUTCOMES: The patient had complete remission within 8 months later, and she remained in remission for the 16-month period of follow-up. LESSONS: To our knowledge, this is the first case of EXT1-associated MN that has been successfully treated by multiple low-dose rituximab. Further studies can investigate the optimal dosage and treatment protocol.


Asunto(s)
Autoanticuerpos/inmunología , Nefritis Lúpica/tratamiento farmacológico , N-Acetilglucosaminiltransferasas/inmunología , Rituximab/administración & dosificación , Adolescente , Autoanticuerpos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Biopsia , Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga , Femenino , Humanos , Factores Inmunológicos/administración & dosificación , Glomérulos Renales/patología , Nefritis Lúpica/inmunología , Nefritis Lúpica/metabolismo , N-Acetilglucosaminiltransferasas/metabolismo
8.
Environ Pollut ; 279: 116943, 2021 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770653

RESUMEN

To identify the role of gut microbiota in human health risk assessment, the bioaccessibility of heavy metals in 14 soil samples were determined in simulated gastrointestinal fluids. Compared to the small intestinal phase, the bioaccessibility values of the colon phase varied, either increased by 3.5-fold for As, by 2.2-fold for Cr, and by 1.6-fold for Ni, or reduced by 4.4-fold for Cu, respectively. The colon incubation with adult gut microbiota yielded higher bioaccessibility value of As (1.3 times) and Fe (3.4 times) than that of the child in most soil samples. Colon bioaccessibility was about 60% greater of Cd for the adult and 30% higher of Cr for the child. Congruent data on the bioaccessibility of Cu and Ni was observed. In addition, correlation analysis indicated that in vitro bioaccessibility was primarily related to total concentrations of heavy metals in soils, followed by soil pH and active Fe/Mn oxide. Significantly, risk assessment calculated based on colon bioaccessibility indicated that the target hazard quotient (THQ > 1) of As was presented in 3 soil samples for the adult (1.05-3.35) and in 9 soil samples for the child (1.06-26.93). The hazard index (HI) of the child was 4.00 on average, greater than that of the adult (0.62), primarily due to the contribution of As and Cd. It suggested non-carcinogenic risks are likely to occur in children through typical hand-to-mouth behavior. The adjustment of colon bioaccessibility will result in more accurate risk assessment of human exposure to heavy metals from oral ingestion of contaminated soils.

9.
Pediatr Neonatol ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714703

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Complications of percutaneous central venous catheters (PCVCs) include catheter-related blood stream infection (CRBSI), occlusion, leakage, and phlebitis, which may lead to sepsis or prolonged hospitalization. The primary objective of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the appropriate frequency of dressing for percutaneous central venous catheters in preventing CRBSI, every week regularly vs. non-regularly, in premature neonates in NICU. METHODS: Patients in NICU requiring PCVCs from March 2019-May 2020 were enrolled. Enrolled patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups: regular dressing group (RD), for which dressings were changed every week regularly, or additionally when oozing was noticed; and non-regular dressing group (ND), for which dressings were changed only when oozing was visible. The incidence of CRBSI, occlusion, leakage, and phlebitis were compared between the two groups using the Chi-squared test. The incidence of catheter-related complications was defined as numbers of episodes per 1000 catheter-days. RESULTS: A total of 197 PCVCs were enrolled. The ND and RD groups had 99 and 98 PCVCs, respectively. The average CD interval was 9.3 days in ND group and 5.8 days in RD group. The incidence of CRBSI in RD group was 0‰, which was significantly lower than that of ND group, which was 2.0‰ (p = 0.048), but no significant differences were found between groups in the incidence of occlusion, leakage, and phlebitis of PCVCs. CONCLUSION: Regular dressing changes every week and when oozing occurs while maintaining the protocol of maximum sterile barrier precautions is the best method and frequency of dressings of PCVCs.

10.
Life Sci ; 275: 119321, 2021 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711387

RESUMEN

Hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury (HIRI) is an important cause of liver dysfunction after liver transplantation for the patients suffered from fatty liver, non-alcoholic cirrhosis, or liver cancer. It is closely related to liver cells apoptosis. Therefore, how to maintain the stable state of cell apoptosis is important to protect the liver from HIRI. Drug treatment basically applies some active substances directly or indirectly, reducing HIRI. But their toxic side effects limit the clinical applications. Differently, non-drug treatment means making use of other kinds of measures to reduce the damage, such as non-pharmaceutical preparations, surgical methods, inhalation or perfusion gas, and so on. Non-drug treatments have been shown to balance cell apoptosis and reduce liver damage during HIRI. This review summarized the progresses in the roles of non-drug treatments on liver cells apoptosis during HIRI in recent years, focusing on apoptosis inducing factors, its signal transduction pathway, and downstream molecules, etc., expecting to elucidate non-drug treatments of anti-HIRI more systematically.

11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772548

RESUMEN

Oxaliplatin (OXA) resistance limits the efficiency of treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Studies have shown that the PDZ-binding kinase (PBK) plays important roles in tumors. However, the role of PBK in HCC is still a problem. In this study, we explored whether PBK is involved in the chemoresistance to OXA in HCC. Expressions of PBK in six HCC cell lines and one human hepatocytes line were determined by real-time quantitative PCR and western blot analysis. SNU-182 and HepG2 cells were chosen to induce OXA resistance. PBK was silenced or overexpressed in OXA-resistant and sensitive cell lines. Then, cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were measured by cholecystokinin-8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset showed that PBK is highly expressed in HCC and signifies poor prognosis to patient with HCC. Results showed that expression of PBK in HCC cells was significantly higher than that in THLE2 cells, and it was further increased in OXA-resistant HCC cells. Silencing of PBK promoted the sensitivity of drug-resistant HCC cells to OXA. Overexpression of PBK relieved the apoptosis induced by OXA and promoted the migration and invasion of OXA-sensitive HCC cells. Thus, this study revealed that high PBK expression is correlated with OXA resistance in HCC cells, which may provide a promising therapeutic target for treating HCC.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1053-1059, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787096

RESUMEN

Arecae Semen, as the first place among "Four South Medicines" in China, has great dual-use value of medicine and food. The research of Arecae Semen was mainly focused on the active ingredients and efficacy value, and its potential safety hazards were also concerned. Until now, there is still a lack of clear boundaries between medicine and food, resulting in its safety cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, it is of great significance to establish clear boundaries of medicine and food use and health risk assessment. In this paper, the differences of pretreatment and application methods of Arecae Semen were analyzed, and the research progress of Arecae Semen in chemical composition identification and toxicology research and safety evaluation were reviewed emphatically. Finally, the differences of quality control and safety evaluation of Arecae Semen in pharmacopoeias or standards were analyzed at home and abroad. It was expected to provide reference value for quality control, safety evaluation and international standardization research of Arecae Semen.


Asunto(s)
Areca , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , China , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/efectos adversos , Semillas , Semen
13.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(5)2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649864

RESUMEN

Atherosclerosis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the vascular wall with multiple causes. AS is the primary pathological basis of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Moreover, carotid plaque rupture and thrombus formation are the main causes of ischemic stroke. Therefore, understanding the formation of carotid plaques may help improve the prediction and prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Endothelial cell dysfunction results in re­endothelialization and angiogenesis in atherosclerotic plaques, thus promoting plaque destabilization. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of circular RNA (circRNA) molecules in serum exosomes (serum­Exos) from patients with stable plaque atherosclerosis (SA) and unstable/vulnerable plaque atherosclerosis (UA). Specifically, the effect of circRNA on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) behavior and the mechanisms underlying plaque destabilization in AS were evaluated. Serum­Exos were isolated, then identified using transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and western blotting. The serum­Exo­circRNA expression profile of patients with SA or UA was investigated using a circRNA array. The relationship between circRNA­006896 in serum­Exos and biochemical parameters of patients with SA and UA were analyzed using Spearman's correlation. In addition, HUVECs were incubated with serum­Exos for in vitro functional assays. The present study demonstrated that circRNAs expression profiles in SA and UA serum­Exos were significantly different, indicating a potential role for circRNAs in carotid plaque destabilization. The expression of circRNA­0006896 was positively correlated with triglyceride, low­density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL­C) and C­reactive protein levels, and negatively correlated with albumin levels in patients with UA. However, circRNA­0006896 expression was positively correlated with LDL­C in patients with SA. Using bioinformatic analysis, a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was selected to study the regulatory roles of circRNA­0006896 in serum­Exos. Additionally, in HUVECs treated with serum­Exos derived from patients with UA, the expression of circRNA­0006896 in HUVECs was upregulated. This was accompanied by decreased expression of microRNA­1264 and SOCS3, increased levels of DNMT1 and phosphorylated STAT3. HUVEC proliferation and migration were significantly increased in the UA group, compared with the mock and SA groups. This finding indicates that the circRNA­0006896­miR-1264­DNMT1 axis plays an important role in carotid plaque destabilization by regulating the behavior of endothelial cells. Moreover, it suggests that circRNA­0006896 may represent a therapeutic target for controlling JNK/STAT3 signaling in HUVECs. Thus, this study may provide insight on potential interventions against vulnerable plaque formation in patients with AS.

14.
J Diabetes Res ; 2021: 9570405, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33778085

RESUMEN

Objective: Abnormal signaling pathways play a crucial role in the mechanisms of podocyte injury in diabetic nephropathy. They also affect the recovery of podocytes after islet transplantation (IT). However, the specific signaling abnormalities that affect the therapeutic effect of IT on podocytes remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the RhoA/ROCK/NF-κB signaling pathway is related to podocyte restoration after IT. Methods: A mouse model of diabetic nephropathy was established in vivo using streptozotocin. The mice were then subsequently reared for 4 weeks after islet transplantation to determine the effect of IT. Islet cells, CCG-1423 (RhoA Inhibitor), and fasudil (ROCK inhibitor) were then cocultured with podocytes in vitro to assess their protective effects on podocyte injury induced by high glucose (HG). Protein expression levels of RhoA, ROCK1, synaptopodin, IL-6, and MCP-1 in kidney tissues were then measured using immunohistochemistry and Western blotting techniques. Results: Islet transplantation reduced the expression levels of RhoA/ROCK1 and that of related inflammatory factors such as IL-6 and MCP-1 in the kidney podocytes of diabetic nephropathy. In the same line, islet cells reduced the expression of RhoA, ROCK1, and pp65 in immortalized podocytes under high glucose (35.0 mmol/L glucose) conditions. Conclusions: Islet transplantation can reverse podocyte injury in diabetes nephropathy by inhibiting the RhoA/ROCK1 signaling pathway. Islet cells have a strong protective effect on podocytes treated with high glucose (35.0 mmol/L glucose). Discovery of signaling pathways affecting podocyte recovery is helpful for individualized efficacy evaluation and targeted therapy of islet transplantation patients.

15.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247550, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730072

RESUMEN

Human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a deadly cancer type with a very high mortality rate. Inflammatory cytokine such as tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-α) plays a pivotal role in the progression of PDAC. Recently, suppression of cell invasion by preventive agents has received considerable attention in the prevention of metastatic tumors. Several clinical studies suggested that natural forms or analogues of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin A and vitamin D can work as anti-cancer agents to inhibit the development of cancer. In this study, our results demonstrated that co-treatment of 13-cis retinoic acid (13-cis RA) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-VD3) significantly inhibited TNF-α mediated cell invasion in PDAC in vitro. Cotreatment of 13-cis RA and 1,25-VD3 also inhibited TNF-α mediated expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) protein through blocking c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways. Our results demonstrated that treatment of TNF-α lead to a decreased expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase- 3 (TIMP-3) protein and an induction of MMP-9 protein and cell invasion through an upregulation of microRNA-221 (miR-221) in human PDAC cells. Moreover, treatment of SP600125 (a specific inhibitor of JNK pathway) or cotreatment of 13-cis RA and 1,25-VD3 significantly induced a decreased expression of miR-221 and an increased expression of TIMP-3 protein. These results suggest that 13-cis RA and 1,25-VD3 significantly suppress TNF-α mediated cell invasion and therefore potentially act as preventive agents against PDAC.

16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650052

RESUMEN

Evidence on the short-term effects of ambient air pollution on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality is still not conclusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between them in Wuhan China. Daily death numbers, concentrations of air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, and O3), and meteorological characteristics in Wuhan from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2019, were collected. Time-series analysis using generalized additive model was applied. The results showed that a total of 16,150 deaths (7.37 deaths per day) from COPD were observed. The daily average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, and O3 were 59.03, 90.48, 12.91, 48.84, and 91.77 µg/m3, respectively. In single pollutant model, for every increase of 10 µg/m3 in PM10, SO2, and NO2 levels, COPD mortality increased by 0.583% (95% CI: 0.055-1.113%), 4.299% (95% CI: 0.978-7.729%), and 1.816% (95% CI: 0.515-3.313%) at lag03, respectively. No significant associations were found for PM2.5 and O3. Subgroup analysis demonstrated that females were more susceptible to PM2.5, PM10, SO2, and NO2. The concentrations of PM10, SO2, and NO2 were significantly associated with COPD mortality for older adults. The effects of PM2.5 and O3 on COPD mortality were higher in warm period. In two-pollutant models, the significantly positive associations between SO2 and NO2 and COPD mortality remained after adjusting for PM2.5 or O3. In conclusions, short-term exposure to PM10, SO2, and NO2 are significantly associated with a higher risk of COPD mortality. Female or elderly are more susceptible to air pollution. It is urgent to implement the environmental protection policy.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 260-266, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645110

RESUMEN

Dabie Mountain in Anhui province is a genuine producing area of Poria cocos, commonly known as Anling. Jinzhai county in Anhui province is a traditional producing area of P. cocos, and it is also a key county for poverty alleviation in Dabie Mountains. Poverty alleviation of traditional Chinese medicine producing area is an important measure to implement the major strategic deployment of the central government. The planting of P. cocos is helpful to promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine industry in Dabie Mountains and help poverty alleviation. P. cocos is a saprophytic fungus with special demands on soil and ecological environment, and its planting appears a scattered and irregular distribution. Traditional investigation methods are time-consuming and laborious, and the results are greatly influenced by subjective factors. In order to obtain the suitable planting area of P. cocos in Jinzhai county, according to the field survey, the research team has explored the regional, biological characteristics and cultivation methods of P. cocos in the county, and obtained the altitude distribution area suitable for the growth of P. cocos. Then, the MaxEnt niche model was used to analyze the relationship between ecological factors and distribution areas, and the potential distribution zoning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was studied. Combined with the characteristics of P. cocos planting pattern, taking ZY-3 remote sensing image as the data source, the maximum likelihood method was used to extract the area that could be used for P. cocos cultivation in Jinzhai county, and the reason why artificial planting P. cocos was mainly distributed in the west of Jinzhai county was analyzed. The suitable regional classification of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was obtained by superposition of suitable altitude distribution area, MaxEnt analysis and area extracted from remote sensing image, which provided data support for the planting planning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county.


Asunto(s)
Wolfiporia , Altitud , China , Medicina China Tradicional , Suelo
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 267-271, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645111

RESUMEN

Polygonatum cyrtonema is a famous bulk medicinal material which is the medicinal and edible homologous. With the implementation of the traditional Chinese medicine industry to promote precise poverty alleviation, the planting area of P. cyrtonema in Jinzhai is becoming larger and larger in recent years. Jinzhai is located in the Dabie Mountainous area, which is the largest mountain area and county in Anhui Province. The cultivation of P. cyrtonema is scattered, and the traditional Chinese medicine resources investigation is not only inefficient and accurate. In this study,the "Resource 3"(ZY-3) remote sensing image was used as the best observation phase,and the method of support vector machine classification was used. The method of parallelepiped, minimum distance, mahalanob is distance, maximum likelihood classification and neural net were used to classify and recognize the P. cyrtonema in the whole region. In order to determine the accuracy and reliability of classification results, the accuracy of six supervised classification results was evaluated by confusion matrix method, and the advantages and disadvantages of six supervised classification methods for extracting P. cyrtonema field planting area were compared and analyzed. The results showed that the method of support vector machine classification was more appropriate than that using other classification methods. It provides a scientific basis for monitoring the planting area of P. cyrtonemain field.


Asunto(s)
Polygonatum , Medicina China Tradicional , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Proyectos de Investigación , Máquina de Vectores de Soporte
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684044

RESUMEN

Accurate and real-time fault diagnosis (FD) and working conditions identification (WCI) are the key to ensuring the safe operation of mechanical systems. We observe that there is a close correlation between the fault condition and the working condition in the vibration signal. Most of the intelligent FD methods only learn some features from the vibration signals and then use them to identify fault categories. They ignore the impact of working conditions on the bearing system, and such a single-task learning method cannot learn the complementary information contained in multiple related tasks. Therefore, this article is devoted to mining richer and complementary globally shared features from vibration signals to complete the FD and WCI of rolling bearings at the same time. To this end, we propose a novel multitask attention convolutional neural network (MTA-CNN) that can automatically give feature-level attention to specific tasks. The MTA-CNN consists of a global feature shared network (GFS-network) for learning globally shared features and K task-specific networks with feature-level attention module (FLA-module). This architecture allows the FLA-module to automatically learn the features of specific tasks from globally shared features, thereby sharing information among different tasks. We evaluated our method on the wheelset bearing data set and motor bearing data set. The results show that our method has a better performance than the state-of-the-art deep learning methods and strongly prove that our multitask learning mechanism can improve the results of each task.

20.
BMC Vet Res ; 17(1): 123, 2021 Mar 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726780

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Immunization of pigs with an inactivated Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccine (bacterin) generates hyperimmune serum that contains high concentrations of anti-M. hyopneumoniae IgG. Commercially available IgG-ELISA kits cannot distinguish between anti-M. hyopneumoniae IgG in inactivated bacterin-induced hyperimmune sera and convalescent sera resulting from natural M. hyopneumoniae infection. Establishment of an ELISA to detect anti-M. hyopneumoniae IgG in convalescent sera will facilitate the evaluation of the M. hyopneumoniae status of pig farms. RESULTS: In this study, we expressed and purified recombinant Mhp366-N protein, which contains an epitope recognized by M. hyopneumoniae convalescent sera but not hyperimmune sera, for use as a coating antigen. For the M. hyopneumoniae convalescent serum IgG-ELISA, the optimal antigen concentration, blocking buffer, blocking time, dilution of serum, incubation time with serum, secondary antibody dilution, secondary antibody incubation time and colorimetric reaction time were 0.25 µg/mL, 2.5 % skim milk, 1 h, 1:500, 0.5 h, 1:10,000, 1 h and 15 min, respectively. Validation of the M. hyopneumoniae convalescent serum IgG-ELISA showed a cut-off value of 0.323, the intra-assay CV ranged from 3.27 to 7.26 %, the inter-assay CV ranged from 3.46 to 5.93 %, and the assay was able to differentiate convalescent sera from antibodies to 7 other porcine respiratory pathogens. The convalescent serum IgG-ELISA detected no anti-M. hyopneumoniae IgG in hyperimmune serum samples while a commercial IgG-ELISA identified 95/145 of these sera as positive. The accuracy of the M. hyopneumoniae convalescent serum IgG-ELISA was comparable to the sIgA-ELISA but better than the commercial IgG-ELISA. CONCLUSIONS: The convalescent serum IgG-ELISA is a reproducible, sensitive, and specific indirect ELISA to detect anti-M. hyopneumoniae IgG in naturally infected pathogen-induced convalescent sera. This ELISA could be used to carry out large scale surveillance of M. hyopneumoniae infection in pig farms regardless of vaccination status.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...