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1.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Aug 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916454

RESUMEN

Wavelength-tunable semiconductor nanolasers have attracted tremendous attention for their tunable emissions and robust stability, bringing possibilities for various applications, including nanophotonic circuits, solid-state white-light sources, wavelength-converted devices, and on-chip optical communications. Here, we report on the demonstration of broadband-tunable, single-mode nanolasers based on high-quality alloyed single crystalline CdS1-xSex (x = 0-1) nanotripods with well-formed facets fabricated using a conventional CVD approach. Microstructural characterization and optical investigations reveal that these structures are crystalline with composition-tunable CdS1-xSex alloys. Microphotoluminescence spectra and mapping of these nanotripods exhibit emissions with continuous wavelengths from 509 to 712 nm, further demonstrating that the CdS1-xSex alloys have tunable bandgaps due to the composition gradient. Additionally, under a pulse laser illumination, room-temperature single-mode lasing is clearly observed from these nanotripods cavities, which shows almost identical emission lines with a high-quality factor of ∼1231. More importantly, wavelength continuously tunable nanolasers from 520 to 738 nm are successfully constructed using these bandgap gradient nanotripods. The capability to fabricate high-quality tunable nanolasers represents a significant step toward high-integration optical circuits and photonics communications.

2.
BMC Neurol ; 22(1): 291, 2022 Aug 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927631

RESUMEN

PROBLEM BACKGROUND: Early detection of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may provide patients with benefits against harmful health and financial impacts. The use of non-contrast computed tomography images for early detect of the infarct remains controversial. MATERIALS & METHODS: Here, we used the UCATR algorithm to extract the pixel values of the infarct and the corresponding contralateral healthy area as the control surface in each NCCT slice for the whole brain. Magnetic resonance imaging results were used to verify both areas. We found significant pathological changes in the infarct compared with the corresponding contralateral healthy area in each NCCT slice. ATTAINED RESULTS: Our approach validated that NCCT can be used to detect the lesion area in the early stage of AIS. CONCLUSIONS: With obvious advantages such as saving time and the ability to quantify the infarct volume, this approach could help more patients survive the fatal and irreversible pathological process of AIS and improve their quality of life after AIS treatment.

3.
Environ Res ; : 113947, 2022 Aug 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931191

RESUMEN

Pullulan and melanin have become important secondary metabolites that are now widely studied. In this study, a strain of Aureobasidium pullulans HIT-LCY3T was used to ferment potato starch industrial waste to produce pullulan and melanin. After optimization, the culture conditions for the fermentation medium were obtained: inoculum age of 48 h, initial pH of 6.0, inoculation quantity of 1.5%, temperature of 26 °C, fermentation time of 5 d and speed of 160 rpm. Under these conditions, the yield of pullulan was 23.47 g/L with a molecular weight (MW) of 1.21 × 106 Da and the yield of melanin was 18.98 g/L. In addition, the adaptive evolution could significantly increase the yield of pullulan and melanin and the air-floating fermenters was more conductive to product accumulation. Through the 5 L small-scale test and 1000 L pilot test, the yield of pullulan reached 16.52 g/L with molecular weight of 0.92 × 106 Da and the yield of melanin was 12.08 g/L at the trial production of 30,000 L. This work could provide strong support for industrial production and new guidance for waste utilization and environmental protection.

4.
Microb Biotechnol ; 2022 Aug 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930651

RESUMEN

Chaetoglobosin A is a complex macrocyclic alkaloid with potent antimycotic, antiparasitic and antitumor properties. However, the low output and high cost of chaetoglobosin A biosynthesis have hampered the application and commercialization of chaetoglobosin A in agriculture and biomedicine. Here, the CgMfs1 gene, which encodes the major facilitator superfamily secondary transporter, was identified based on bioinformatics analysis, and an intensive study of its effects on chaetoglobosin A biosynthesis and secretion was performed using CgMfs1-silencing and CgMfs1-overexpression strategies. Inactivation of CgMfs1 caused a notable decrease in chaetoglobosin A yield from 58.66 mg/L to 19.95 mg/L (MFS1-3) and 17.13 mg/L (MFS1-4). The use of an efficient expression plasmid in Chaetomium globosum W7 to generate the overexpression mutant OEX13 resulted in the highest chaetoglobosin A increase to 298.77 mg/L. Interestingly, the transcription level of the polyketide synthase gene significantly fluctuated with the change in CgMfs1, confirming that the predicted efflux gene CgMfs1 could play a crucial role in chaetoglobosin A transportation. Effective efflux of chaetoglobosin A could possibly alleviate feedback inhibition, resulting in notable increase in the expression of the polyketide synthase gene. Furthermore, we utilized cornstalk as the fermentation substrate to produce chaetoglobosin A, and scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy revealed that the strain OEX13 could well degrade cornstalk, presenting significant increases in the chaetoglobosin A yield, when compared with that produced by the wild-type strain (from 40.32 to 191.90 mg/L). Thus, this research provides a novel analogous engineering strategy for the construction of high-yielding strain and offers new insight into large-scale chaetoglobosin A production.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 7576359, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35813231

RESUMEN

, Objective. To investigate the effect of ginsenoside Rg1 on the biological activity of primary cultured human periodontal ligament cells (PDLC). Methods. The effects of ginsenoside Rg1 on the proliferation activity, protein synthesis, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of primary cultured human periodontal ligament cells were investigated by thiazole blue (MTT) colorimetric method, Coomassie brilliant blue method, and enzyme kinetics method. The effect of ginsenoside Rg1 on cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry, and the cells were labeled with calcium ion-sensitive fluorescent probe Fluo3/AM, and the effect of ginsenoside Rg1 on intracellular free calcium concentration was detected by laser scanning confocal microscope. Results. Compared with the control group, the experimental groups of ginsenoside Rg1 at various concentrations could significantly promote cell proliferation, and the effect time was the longest in the concentration range of 0.01-0.05 µmol/L;, Rg1 0.01umol/L and 0.05umol/L. The protein content in the 72-hour cell culture medium of the µmol/L group was significantly higher than that of the control group; the ALP activity in the 72-hour cell culture medium of the Rg1 0.01 µmol/L, 0.05 µmol/L, and 0.1 µmol/L groups was significantly higher than that of the control group; FCM assay showed that after 0.1 µmol/L Rg1 for 48 hours, compared with the control group, the proportion of cells in the early stage of DNA synthesis (G1%) of PDLC was significantly reduced, while the proportion of cells in the DNA synthesis stage (S%) and the value of cell proliferation index PrI (S + G2M)% were significantly increased; Rg1 increased intracellular calcium in PDLC cells at first and then decreased and finally maintained at a slightly higher resting calcium level than before drug addition. Conclusion. Ginsenoside Rg1 can increase the proliferation activity, protein synthesis, and alkaline phosphatase activity of periodontal ligament cells within a certain concentration range; Rg1 reduces the cells in G1 phase and increases cells in S phase of periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Change the concentration of free calcium ions in cells and promote more cells to enter a proliferative state.


Asunto(s)
Ginsenósidos , Ligamento Periodontal , Fosfatasa Alcalina , Calcio , Células Cultivadas , Ginsenósidos/farmacología , Humanos
6.
Clin Interv Aging ; 17: 1001-1012, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35814350

RESUMEN

Purpose: The systemic immune inflammatory index (SII), as a new marker, is widely used to predict the disease prognosis. We investigated the predictive value of SII for malignant cerebral edema (MCE) and whether postoperative MCE mediates the relationship between SII and functional prognosis in patients undergoing endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). Patients and Methods: A total of 829 patients with anterior circulation large-vessel occlusive stroke (LVOS) were registered, and 675 (81.4%) met the inclusion criteria. We collected baseline data upon admission, including SII. Postoperative computed tomography was performed to assess the presence and grading of cerebral edema (CED), and MCE was defined as a CED score of 3. A good prognosis was defined as a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-2 at the 90-day follow-up. Results: A total of 132 patients developed MCE after EVT. The patients were divided into MCE and non-MCE groups, and univariate and multifactorial analyses were performed. Among these risk factors, an elevated SII was independently correlated with the occurrence of MCE. In addition, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the predictive capability of SII levels for prognosis. The area under the ROC was 0.69, and the optimal critical value was 2.14. In addition, postoperative MCE may partially account for the poorer functional prognosis of patients with elevated SII (regression coefficient changed by 40.3%). Conclusion: The SII is an independent predictor of malignant brain edema after EVT. Postoperative MCE is partly the reason for the poorer prognosis in patients with elevated SII.


Asunto(s)
Edema Encefálico , Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimientos Endovasculares , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Edema Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagen , Edema Encefálico/etiología , Procedimientos Endovasculares/métodos , Humanos , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/diagnóstico por imagen , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/cirugía , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico por imagen , Accidente Cerebrovascular/cirugía , Trombectomía/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 877434, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35814436

RESUMEN

Background: Combining two immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) instead of using one can effectively improve the prognosis of advanced malignant tumors. At present, ipilimumab alongside nivolumab is the most widely used combinatorial regimen of ICIs. However, the risk of treatment-related adverse events is higher in combinatorial regimens than in single-drug regimens. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the risks of common adverse events associated with the combinatorial regimen of ipilimumab and nivolumab by using meta-analysis. Methods: We searched Pubmed, Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library for reports published by 30 September 2021. A randomized controlled study was developed and analyzed using the statistical software R to determine the efficacy of the combinatorial treatment. Risk estimates (hazard ratios, RR) and 95% confidence intervals for various common serious adverse events were used. Results: A total of 23 randomized control trials (n = 3970 patients) were included. Our meta-analysis indicated the risks of adverse events of any grade and grade ≥ 3 as 90.42% (95%CI: 85.91% ~ 94.18%) and 46.46% (95%CI: 39.37% ~ 53.69%), respectively; the risks of treatment-related death and adverse events leading to discontinuation were estimated at 0.42% (95% CI, 0.18% ~ 0.72%) and 19.11% (95% CI, 14.99% ~ 24.38%), respectively. Classification of 19 common adverse events. The top 5 grade 1-2 adverse events were found to be fatigue (30.92%, 95% CI: 24.59% ~ 37.62%), pruritus (26.05%, 95%CI: 22.29%~29.99%), diarrhea (23.58%, 95% CI: 20.62% ~ 26.96%), rash (19.90%, 95%CI: 15.75% ~ 25.15%), and nausea (17.19%, 95% CI:13.7% ~ 21.57%). The top 5 grade ≥ 3 adverse events were identified as increased alanine aminotransferase(8.12%, 95% CI: 5.90%~10.65%), increased lipase(7.62%, 95% CI: 4.88% ~ 10.89%), and colitis (6.39%, 95%CI: 3.98% ~ 10.25%), increased aspartate aminotransferase (6.30%, 95% CI: 4.61% ~ 8.22%), and diarrhea(5.72%, 95%CI: 3.50% ~ 8.44%). Subgroup analysis revealed some differences in the adverse events between the N1-I3 and N3-I1 subgroups and between subgroups of different cancer types. Conclusion: This study summarized the risks of common adverse events in the co-treatment of malignant-tumor patients with ipilimumab and nivolumab and identified the impacts of various initial administration schemes on the risks of such events, thereby providing an important reference for the toxicity of co-treatment with ipilimumab and nivolumab. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/, identifier: CRD42020181350.

8.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 882610, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35783984

RESUMEN

Cotton production is challenged by high costs with multiple management and material inputs including seed, pesticide, and fertilizer application. The production costs can be decreased and profits can be increased by developing efficient crop management strategies, including perennial cotton ratoon cultivation. This review focuses on the role of ratoon cultivation in cotton productivity and breeding. In areas that are frost-free throughout the year, when the soil temperature is suitable for cotton growth in spring, the buds of survived plants begin to sprout, and so their flowering and fruiting periods are approximately 4-6 weeks earlier than those of sown cotton. Due to the absence of frost damage, the ratoon cotton continues to grow, and the renewed plants can offer a higher yield than cotton sown in the following season. Moreover, ratoon cultivation from the last crop without sowing can help conserve seeds, reduce labor inputs, and reduce soil and water loss. In this review, the preservation of perennial cotton germplasm resources, the classification and genome assignment of perennial species in the cotton gene pools, and effective strategies for the collection, preservation, identification, and utilization of perennial cotton germplasms are discussed. Ratoon cultivation is the main driver of cotton production and breeding, especially to maintain male sterility for the utilization and fixation of heterosis. Ratoon cultivation of cotton is worth adopting because it has succeeded in Brazil, China, and India. Therefore, taking advantages of the warm environment to exploit the indeterminant growth habit of perennial cotton for breeding would be an efficiency-increasing, cost-saving, and eco-friendly approach in frost-free regions. In the future, more attention should be given to ratooning perennial cotton for breeding male-sterile lines.

9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 892070, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35846309

RESUMEN

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a complication of diabetes, which is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (dialysis). DKD has a high mortality rate, and only early detection can nip this disease in the bud. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs)are generally believed to be involved in the occurrence of DKD. Studies have shown that the lens AGEs fluorescence for noninvasive detection has high consistency with the gold standard OGTT, has high sensitivity and specificity, and could be used as a practical tool for the early screening of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Therefore, we speculated that the noninvasive lens AGEs fluorescence detection method can be used to predict the occurrence of DKD. This study detected levels of AGEs in multiple cellular and tissues and analyzed the relationships between AGEs and lens, eyeballs, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC), serum, and kidney. Additionally, we examined the possible role of lens AGEs fluorescence in DKD screening. Our preexperimental study found that lens AGE levels in patients with T2DM were positively correlated with PBM and serum AGE levels. Lens AGE levels in patients with T2DM were negatively correlated with eGFR and positively correlated with urinary ACR. The animal and cell experiments showed that the AGE levels in the eyeballs of DM mice were also positively correlated with those in the serum and kidney. To increase the reliability of the experiment, we increased the sample size. In our results, lens AGEs levels were positively correlated with the occurrence of DKD, and the incidence of DKD in the high lens AGEs group was 2.739 times that in the low lens AGEs group. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed that patients with T2DM with a lens AGEs value ≥ 0.306 were likely to have DKD. The area under the ROC curve of the noninvasive technique for identifying DKD was 0.757 (95% Cl: 0.677-0.838, p<0.001), and the sensitivity and specificity were 70.0% and 78.7%, respectively. These results suggest that noninvasive lens AGEs detection technology has certain clinical value in diagnosing whether patients with T2DM have DKD.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatías Diabéticas , Animales , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Nefropatías Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Nefropatías Diabéticas/etiología , Productos Finales de Glicación Avanzada , Leucocitos Mononucleares , Ratones , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 4304419, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35837377

RESUMEN

Tex264 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane protein that was recently demonstrated to act as an ER-phagy receptor under starvation conditions to mediate endoplasmic reticulum autophagy. However, how Tex264 functions in the central nervous system (CNS) and tumors is unclear. Here, we identified 89 proteins from the rat brain that may specifically interact with Tex264 and confirmed the interaction between sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) and Tex264 by coimmunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence. Our results indicated that Tex264 may promote recycling of membrane proteins from endosomes to the cell plasma membrane by recruiting SNX27 retromer vesicles. siRNA-mediated knockdown of TEX264 in HeLa cells did not affect cell proliferation but did significantly inhibit cell migration through a mechanism that may involve a reduction in SNX27-mediated Itgα5 receptor membrane recycling. Results of this study helped identify potential binding Tex264 partners and provide insights into Tex264 functions in the CNS and in tumors.


Asunto(s)
Endosomas , Nexinas de Clasificación , Animales , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Movimiento Celular , Retículo Endoplásmico/metabolismo , Endosomas/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Humanos , Proteínas del Tejido Nervioso/metabolismo , Transporte de Proteínas , Ratas , Nexinas de Clasificación/genética , Nexinas de Clasificación/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4031, 2022 Jul 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35821120

RESUMEN

Nanoporous membranes based on two dimensional materials are predicted to provide highly selective gas transport in combination with extreme permeance. Here we investigate membranes made from multilayer graphdiyne, a graphene-like crystal with a larger unit cell. Despite being nearly a hundred of nanometers thick, the membranes allow fast, Knudsen-type permeation of light gases such as helium and hydrogen whereas heavy noble gases like xenon exhibit strongly suppressed flows. Using isotope and cryogenic temperature measurements, the seemingly conflicting characteristics are explained by a high density of straight-through holes (direct porosity of ∼0.1%), in which heavy atoms are adsorbed on the walls, partially blocking Knudsen flows. Our work offers important insights into intricate transport mechanisms playing a role at nanoscale.

12.
Reprod Biol ; 22(3): 100670, 2022 Jul 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35810709

RESUMEN

Recurrent miscarriage (RM) is one of the common complications of pregnancy, which is closely related to gene mutation. The profiling of non-coding RNAs showed that the expression level of long non-coding RNA LINC01347 (LINC01347) in the serum of patients with recurrent abortion was significantly increased, which could serve as a potential marker for early diagnosis. However, the biological functions of LINC01347 in the miscarriage remain to be elucidated. In this study, LINC01347 expression levels in HTR-8/SVneo cells and placenta samples were measured by RT-qPCR. The migration ability of HTR-8/SVneo cells was detected by wound-healing assay. Western blotting (WB) assay was conducted to measure E-cadherin, Vimentin, N-cadherin, PTEN, phospho-AKT(S473), phospho-AKT(T308) and AKT levels. Dual luciferase reporter assay and RNA pull-down analysis were performed to validate the molecular interactions. The results showed an upregulation of LINC01347 in the placenta samples of RM patients and HTR-8/SVneo cells. LINC01347 overexpression impaired the invasion and migration of trophoblast cells, while LINC01347 silencing promoted cell migration and invasion. LINC01347 level was also negatively correlated with the changes of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in trophoblasts. We further demonstrated that miR-101-3p/PTEN/AKT axis played an important role in mediating the biological roles of LINC01347 in the invasion and migration of trophoblasts. In conclusion, our results revealed that LINC01347 suppresses the migratory ability and regulates the EMT processes in trophoblasts by regulating miR-101-3p/PTEN/AKT axis, suggesting that targeting LINC01347 may serve as a strategy to ameliorate RM.

14.
Exp Eye Res ; 222: 109166, 2022 Jul 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35820465

RESUMEN

The crucial effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced vascular angiogenesis has been well known in corneal neovascularization (CNV). This research aimed to determine the underlying value and mechanism of Meg3 on CNV in vivo and in vitro. In an alkali-burned mouse model, length and area of new vessels were increased along with thinning of corneal epithelium, accompanied by the overexpression of Meg3. Notably, subconjunctival injection of shMeg3 suppressed the degree of injury in cornea, causing expression of the angiogenesis markers--VEGF-A and CD31 decreased. In VEGF-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), knockdown of Meg3 antagonized the enhancement of viability, proliferation, wound healing ability and angiogenesis by VEGF. The proteins expression of VEGF-A, CD31, SDF-1/CXCR4 as well as phosphoraylation-Smad2/3 pathways, which were related to angiogenesis, were reduced with Meg3 deficiency. Overall, knockdown of Meg3 alleviated formation of neovascularization in alkali-burned corneas and reduced VEGF-induced angiogenesis by inhibiting SDF-1/CXCR4 and Smad2/3 signaling in vitro.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 439: 129581, 2022 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35843084

RESUMEN

Chromium(Ⅵ) and arsenic(Ⅲ) as typical anionic heavy metal pollutants normally coexist in the environment, greatly aggravating their environmental risks and elevating the difficulty of remediation. Here, a novel polyethyleneimine modified magnetic mesoporous polydopamine nanocomposite (Fe3O4 @mesoPDA/PEI) with abundant active functional groups was exploited as the synchronous adsorbent of Cr(Ⅵ) and As(Ⅲ). The results showed that Cr(Ⅵ) and As(Ⅲ) could mutually promote their conversions and adsorptions on Fe3O4 @mesoPDA/PEI. The adsorption mechanisms of Fe3O4 @mesoPDA/PEI were primarily redox chemistry and also involved electrostatic interactions and coordination. Cr(Ⅵ) was mainly reduced by reductive catechol, while As(Ⅲ) was oxidized to As(Ⅴ) by oxidative active substances (e.g., H2O2, •OH, and quinone). Meanwhile, active intermediate (semiquinone radicals) generated during the Cr(Ⅵ) reduction and As(Ⅲ) oxidation could constitute redox microcirculation with Cr(Ⅵ) and As(Ⅲ) to further accelerate redox reactions of Cr(Ⅵ) and As(Ⅲ) on Fe3O4 @mesoPDA/PEI, thereby exhibiting a synergistic effect. Moreover, newly immobilized Cr(Ⅲ) onto Fe3O4 @mesoPDA/PEI became extra active sites for As adsorption through cation bridges and then recovered by magnetic separation in favor of diminishing the environmental hazards of Cr and As. These findings also provide new inspirations for the roles of redox-active functional groups in the remediation of multiple redox-sensitive heavy metals including Cr(Ⅵ) and As(Ⅲ).

16.
Neurobiol Learn Mem ; 193: 107654, 2022 Jun 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35777632

RESUMEN

Conflict adaptation refers to the dynamic modulation of conflict processing across successive trials and reflects improved cognitive control. Interestingly, aversive motivation can increase conflict adaptation, although it remains unclear through which process this modulation occurs because previous studies presented punishment feedback following suboptimal performance on both congruent and incongruent trials. According to integrative accounts of conflict monitoring and aversive motivation in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, punishment feedback following slow or erroneous performance on incongruent trials in particular should lead to improved conflict adaptation. Second, selectively increasing motivation on incongruent trials should reduce the overall congruency effect. The current study sought to test both hypotheses. Specifically, we administered the confound-minimized Stroop task to a large group of participants and manipulated the position of feedback (following either congruent or incongruent trials) and aversive motivation (tied to a monetary loss or not) across different blocks. As expected, the congruency effect was found to be smaller when punishment was coupled with incongruent versus congruent trials. However, results showed that conflict adaptation was increased when punishment feedback was selectively coupled with congruent rather than incongruent trials. Together, these results suggest that aversive motivation does not uniformly improve cognitive control but this gain appears to be context dependent.

17.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2022 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840800

RESUMEN

Early sensory experiences interact with genes to shape precise neural circuits during development. This process is vital for proper brain function in adulthood. Neurological dysfunctions caused by environmental alterations and/or genetic mutation may share the same molecular or cellular mechanisms. Here, we show that early life bilateral whisker trimming (BWT) subsequently affects social discrimination in adult male mice. Enhanced activation of the hippocampal dorsal CA3 (dCA3) in BWT mice was observed during social preference tests. Optogenetic activation of dCA3 in naive mice impaired social discrimination, whereas chemogenetic silencing of dCA3 rescued social discrimination deficit in BWT mice. Hippocampal oxytocin (OXT) is reduced after whisker trimming. Neonatal intraventricular compensation of OXT relieved dCA3 over-activation and prevented social dysfunction. Neonatal knockdown of OXT receptor in dCA3 mimics the effects of BWT, and cannot be rescued by OXT treatment. Social behavior deficits in a fragile X syndrome mouse model (Fmr1 KO mice) could also be recovered by early life OXT treatment, through negating dCA3 over-activation. Here, a possible avenue to prevent social dysfunction is uncovered.

18.
ACS Omega ; 7(27): 23467-23478, 2022 Jul 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35847335

RESUMEN

Phenol and its chemical derivatives serve as essential chemical materials are indispensable for the synthesis of many kinds of polymers. However, they are highly toxic, carcinogenic, difficult to be degraded biologically, and often found in aqueous effluents. Recovery of hazardous phenol from wastewater remains a daunting challenge. Herein, we prepared a hybrid membrane containing polyether block amide (PEBA) matrix and HZIF-8 fillers. To improve the compatibility between ZIF-8 and PEBA, ZIF-8 was modified by using polystyrene (PS) as a template to prepare porous HZIF-8. ZIF-8, composed of zinc nodes linked by the imidazole ring skeleton, is a kind of inorganic material with high hydrothermal stability, ordered pores, and hydrophobic microporous surfaces, which has a wide range of applications in membrane separation. The separation performance of the PEBA/HZIF-8 based membranes for phenol/water is improved due to the presence of PS on the surface of HZIF-8 and the imidazole ring skeleton in ZIF-8, which enhance the π-π interaction between HZIF-8 and phenol molecules. The effects of HZIF-8 content, feed phenol concentration, and feed temperature on the pervaporation performance of PEBA/HZIF-8 membranes were further investigated. The results showed that the pervaporation performance of the PEBA/HZIF-8-10 membrane was promising with a separation factor of 80.89 and permeate flux of 247.70 g/m2·h under the feed phenol concentration of 0.2 wt % at 80 °C. In addition, the PEBA/HZIF-8-10 membrane presented excellent stability, which has great prospect for practical application in phenol recovery from waste water.

19.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(14)2022 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35884514

RESUMEN

Prostate cancer (PCa) affects an estimated 250,000 men every year and causes 34,000 deaths annually. A high-fat diet and obesity are associated with PCa progression and mortality. This study's premise was the novel observation of crosstalk between PCa epithelia and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) in response to palmitate-mediated lineage plasticity. We found that cholesterol activated canonical Hedgehog (Hh) signaling by increasing cilium Gli activity in PCa cells, while palmitate activated Hh independent of Gli. Exogenous palmitate activated SOX2, a known mediator of lineage plasticity, in PCa cells cocultured with CAF. Stroma-derived Wnt5a was upregulated in CAF while cocultured with PCa cells and treated with palmitate. Wnt5a knockdown in CAF inhibited Hh and SOX2 expression in PCa cells from cocultures. These findings supported our proposed mechanism of a high-fat diet promoting Hh signaling-mediated transformation within the tumor microenvironment. SOX2 and Wnt5a expression were limited by the CD36 neutralizing antibody. Mice xenografted with PCa epithelia and CAF tumors were fed a high-fat diet, leading to elevated SOX2 expression and lineage plasticity reprogramming compared to mice fed an isocaloric rodent diet. CD36 inhibition with enzalutamide elevated apoptosis by TUNEL, but limited proliferation and SOX2 expression compared to enzalutamide alone. This study revealed a mechanism for a high-fat diet to affect prostate cancer progression. We found that saturated fat induced lineage plasticity reprogramming of PCa by interaction with CAF through Wnt5a and Hh signaling.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Jul 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35902020

RESUMEN

Uterine scar was one of the long-term complications cesarean section. In this study, an thermo-responsive injectable hydrogel loaded with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) and asiaticoside microspheres (AMs) was used for uterine scar repair, which was prepared by optimizing the mixed ratio of aldehyde-functionalized Pluronic F127 (F127-CHO) and adipic dihydrazide-modified hyaluronic acid (AHA). The asiaticoside was loaded in Poly (DL-lactide-co-gycolide) (PLGA) by emulsion- diffusion-evaporation method. The hydrogel had appropriate pore size, good mechanical property, and slow release ability of asiaticoside. In vitro cell experiments demonstrated that F127-CHO/AHA/AMs could effectively promote stem cell adhesion and proliferation, promote angiogenesis, and provide a suitable microenvironment for cell survival. The F127-CHO/AHA/AMs/UCMSCs hydrogel was further used to repair uterine scar in female SD rats. The results showed that the prepared hydrogel could promote the proliferation of rat endometrial cells, promote the regeneration of glands, reduce the degree of endometrial fibrosis and restore the morphology of uterine cavity. The hydrogel could upregulate expression of Ki67 and IGF-1, downregulate TGF-ß1 expression and promote M1-M2 transition of macrophages. This study confirmed that the prepared hydrogel could be used as an effective transplantation strategy, which could be expected to achieve clinical transformation of uterine scar repair.

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