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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803092

RESUMEN

The association between perfectionism and addictive behaviors has been examined in previous literature; however, few pieces of research have investigated the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relationship. Using a sample of 2016 Chinese college students, the present study examined the mediator of depression between maladaptive perfectionism and Internet addiction and the moderator of gender in such associations. The findings indicated that maladaptive perfectionism was directly related to students' Internet addiction and indirectly predicted students' Internet addiction via the mediator of depression. Gender moderated the direct effect, rather than the indirect effect, of maladaptive perfectionism on Internet addiction. Even though males reported a lower score on Internet addiction compared to females, the effect of maladaptive perfectionism on Internet addiction was stronger for males than for females. These findings revealed the psychological mechanisms from perfectionism to Internet addiction, which contributed to the theoretical development in addiction research and provided implications for interventions to reduce Internet addiction among Chinese college students.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Adictiva , Perfeccionismo , Conducta Adictiva/epidemiología , China/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Estudiantes
2.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 184(4): 565-574, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730688

RESUMEN

Design: Cushing's disease (CD) is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by chronic exposure to hypercortisolism due to an adrenocorticotropic hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma. The adverse effects of chronic exposure to hypercortisolism on the human brain remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in CD patients and their associations with clinical characteristics. Methods: In this study, 48 active CD patients, 39 remitted CD patients, and 52 healthy control (HC) subjects underwent MRI. CD patients also underwent neuropsychological testing and clinical examinations. The number, locations, and volumes of CMBs were assessed on quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) images and with the Microbleed Anatomical Rating Scale. The correlation between CMBs and clinical characteristics was explored. Results: The prevalence of CMBs among active and remitted CD patients was higher than that among HCs (16.3%, 20.5%, and 3.3%, respectively). Moreover, the age of CD patients with CMBs were much younger than HCs with CMBs. Furthermore, the increased number of CMBs in active CD patients was associated with increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volumes in remitted CD patients. Conclusions: Chronic exposure to hypercortisolism may be relevant to CMBs and significantly correlated with altered brain volumes in CD.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiología , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Hipersecreción de la Hormona Adrenocorticotrópica Pituitaria (HACT)/complicaciones , Adulto , Anciano , Encéfalo/patología , Mapeo Encefálico/métodos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiología , Hemorragia Cerebral/patología , Estudios Transversales , Síndrome de Cushing/complicaciones , Síndrome de Cushing/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Cushing/epidemiología , Síndrome de Cushing/patología , Susceptibilidad a Enfermedades/diagnóstico por imagen , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tamaño de los Órganos , Hipersecreción de la Hormona Adrenocorticotrópica Pituitaria (HACT)/diagnóstico , Hipersecreción de la Hormona Adrenocorticotrópica Pituitaria (HACT)/epidemiología , Hipersecreción de la Hormona Adrenocorticotrópica Pituitaria (HACT)/patología , Prevalencia
3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 2536-2546, 2021 Mar 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683898

RESUMEN

Alumina and its mixed oxides are popular industrial supports for emerging supported metal catalysts. Pentacoordinated Al (AlV) species are identified as key surface sites for anchoring and stabilizing metal single-site catalysts; however, AlV is rare in conventional amorphous silica-alumina (ASA). Recently, we have developed AlV-enriched ASA, which was applied as a support for the synthesis of Pt single-site catalysts in this work. Each preparation stage and the interaction between Pt and surface Al species were explored by 1H and 27Al solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and the formation of the dominant Pt single sites on the surface of AlV-enriched ASA was confirmed by high-angle annular dark-field imaging scanning transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy line scanning. On the surface of supports without a significant AlV population (Pt/Al2O3 and Pt/SiO2), mainly Pt nanoparticles were formed. This indicates that AlV contributes to the strong metal-support interaction to stabilize the Pt single sites on Pt/ASA, which was characterized by diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy combined with CO adsorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy. Pt single sites supported on AlV-enriched ASA exhibit excellent chemoselectivity in the hydrogenation of C═O groups, affording 2-3-fold higher yields compared to those of Pt nanoparticles supported on Al2O3 and SiO2.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(7): 9859-9873, 2021 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744847

RESUMEN

Previous studies demonstrated that lifelong treatment with a slow H2S releasing donor extends yeast chronological lifespan (CLS), but it is not clear when the action of H2S benefits to CLS during yeast growth. Here, we show that short H2S treatments by using NaHS as a fast H2S releasing donor at 96 hours after inoculation extended yeast CLS while NaHS treatments earlier than 72 hours after inoculation failed to do so. To reveal the mechanism, we analyzed the transcriptome of yeast cells with or without the early and late NaHS treatments. We found that both treatments had similar effects on pathways related to CLS regulation. Follow-up qPCR and ROS analyses suggest that altered expression of some antioxidant genes by the early NaHS treatments were not stable enough to benefit CLS. Moreover, transcriptome data also indicated that some genes were regulated differently by the early and late H2S treatment. Specifically, we found that the expression of YPK2, a human SGK2 homolog and also a key regulator of the yeast cell wall synthesis, was significantly altered by the late NaHS treatment but not altered by the early NaHS treatment. Finally, the key role of YPK2 in CLS regulation by H2S is revealed by CLS data showing that the late NaHS treatment did not enhance the CLS of a ypk2 knockout mutant. This study sheds light on the molecular mechanism of CLS extension induced by H2S, and for the first time addresses the importance of H2S treatment timing for lifespan extension.

5.
Nat Med ; 27(3): 480-490, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723455

RESUMEN

Despite advances in technologies for cardiac repair after myocardial infarction (MI), new integrated therapeutic approaches still need to be developed. In this study, we designed a perfusable, multifunctional epicardial device (PerMed) consisting of a biodegradable elastic patch (BEP), permeable hierarchical microchannel networks (PHMs) and a system to enable delivery of therapeutic agents from a subcutaneously implanted pump. After its implantation into the epicardium, the BEP is designed to provide mechanical cues for ventricular remodeling, and the PHMs are designed to facilitate angiogenesis and allow for infiltration of reparative cells. In a rat model of MI, implantation of the PerMed improved ventricular function. When connected to a pump, the PerMed enabled targeted, sustained and stable release of platelet-derived growth factor-BB, amplifying the efficacy of cardiac repair as compared to the device without a pump. We also demonstrated the feasibility of minimally invasive surgical PerMed implantation in pigs, demonstrating its promise for clinical translation to treat heart disease.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos/instrumentación , Infarto del Miocardio/terapia , Prótesis e Implantes , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles , Diseño de Equipo , Neovascularización Fisiológica , Porcinos , Remodelación Ventricular
6.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 252-261, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684026

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Naoxintong (NXT), a prescribed traditional Chinese medicine, widely used in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases, could be effective in diabetic wounds. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the wound healing activity of NXT by employing an excisional wound splinting model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NXT was dissolved in saline and given daily by gavage. Wounds were induced at the dorsum of non-diabetic (db/+) and diabetic (db/db) mice and treated with saline or 700 mg/kg/d NXT for 16 days. Wound closure was measured every four days. Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling, collagen deposition, leukocyte infiltration and expression of Col-3, CK14, CXCL1, CXCL2, MPO, Ly6G, CD68, CCR7, CD206, p-JAK1, p-STAT3 and p-STAT6 was analysed. RESULTS: NXT significantly accelerated rate of wound closure increased from 70% to 84%, accompanied by up-regulation of collagen deposition and ECM at days 16 post-injury. Moreover, NXT alleviated neutrophil infiltration, accompanied by down-regulation of CXCL1 and CXCL2 mRNA expression. In addition, NXT markedly augmented neutrophil efferocytosis. In diabetic wounds, the levels of M1 marker gene (CCR7) increased, while M2 marker gene (CD206) decreased, demonstrating a pro-inflammatory shift. Application of NXT increased M2 macrophage phenotype in db/db mice. Mechanistically, NXT treatment increased expression level of p-STAT3 and p-STAT6 at days 3 post-injury, indicating NXT mediated macrophages towards M2 phenotype and alleviated inflammation in diabetic wounds by activation of STAT3 and STAT6. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides evidence that NXT accelerates diabetic wound healing by attenuating inflammatory response, which provides an important basis for use of NXT in the treatment of chronic diabetic wound healing.

7.
Int J Biometeorol ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558977

RESUMEN

To explore the reference values of fibrinogen degradation products (FDP) of healthy adults in different regions of China, determine the relationship between them and geographic factors and determine the geographic distribution of FDP reference value healthy adults in China. The collected FDP reference values of 11,013 healthy adults in 209 Chinese units were firstly determined by spatial autocorrelation to correlate with geographic factors; secondly, using ridge regression analysis and principal component analysis to fit China 2322 FDP reference values of healthy adults in each city, and the selection of the optimal model through comparison; and finally, combined with geostatistical analysis, explore the geographical distribution of FDP reference values of healthy adults in China. The specific distribution of FDP reference values of healthy adults in different regions of China showed a trend of being lower to the north and higher to the south of the Qinling-Huaihe River. If the numerical value of geographical factors in a certain region of China is known, the ridge regression prediction equation can be combined from this: Y = 3.30 - 0.002900X2 - 0.0001400X5 + 0.0001300X6 - 0.009040X6 + 0.0003500X8 - 0.002300X11 + 0.02149X14 - 0.01626X16 ± 0.89 calculates the reference value of FDP for healthy adults in the region and provides a scientific reference for the FDP reference value in different regions of China.

8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(2)2021 Jan 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440785

RESUMEN

Graph convolutional networks (GCNs) have brought considerable improvement to the skeleton-based action recognition task. Existing GCN-based methods usually use the fixed spatial graph size among all the layers. It severely affects the model's abilities to exploit the global and semantic discriminative information due to the limits of receptive fields. Furthermore, the fixed graph size would cause many redundancies in the representation of actions, which is inefficient for the model. The redundancies could also hinder the model from focusing on beneficial features. To address those issues, we proposed a plug-and-play channel adaptive merging module (CAMM) specific for the human skeleton graph, which can merge the vertices from the same part of the skeleton graph adaptively and efficiently. The merge weights are different across the channels, so every channel has its flexibility to integrate the joints. Then, we build a novel shallow graph convolutional network (SGCN) based on the module, which achieves state-of-the-art performance with less computational cost. Experimental results on NTU-RGB+D and Kinetics-Skeleton illustrates the superiority of our methods.


Asunto(s)
Redes Neurales de la Computación , Esqueleto , Humanos , Reconocimiento de Normas Patrones Automatizadas
10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111552, 2021 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396093

RESUMEN

A novel material that nano zero valent iron (nZVI) loaded on biochar with stable starch stabilization (nZVI/SS/BC) was synthesized and used for the removal of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] in simulated wastewater. It was indicated that as the pyrolysis temperature of rice straw increased, the removal rate of Cr(VI) by nZVI/SS/BC first increased and then decreased. nZVI/SS/BC made from biochar pyrolyzed at 600 °C (nZVI/SS/BC600) had the highest removal efficiency and was suitable for a wide pH range (pH 2.1-10.0). The results showed that 99.67% of Cr(VI) was removed by nZVI/SS/BC600, an increase of 45.93% compared to the control group, which did not add soluble starch during synthesis. The pseudo-second-order model and the Langmuir model were more in line with reaction. The maximum adsorption capacity for Cr(VI) by nZVI/SS/BC600 was 122.86 mg·g-1. The properties of the material were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) mapping, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that the nZVI particles were uniformly supported on the biochar, and the BET surface areas of nZVI/SS/BC was 40.4837 m2·g-1, an increase of 8.79 times compared with the control group. Mechanism studies showed that soluble starch reduced the formation of metal oxides, thereby improving the reducibility of the material, and co-precipitates were formed during the reaction. All results indicated that nZVI/SS/BC was a potential repair material that can effectively overcome the limitations of nZVI and achieve efficient and rapid repair of Cr(VI).


Asunto(s)
Carbón Orgánico/química , Cromo/química , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/química , Adsorción , Hierro/química , Pirólisis , Almidón , Temperatura , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Purificación del Agua , Difracción de Rayos X
11.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5073, 2021 Jan 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453122

RESUMEN

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is negatively correlated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia is as high as 33.9%. The plasma metabolomic differences between hypo-HDL cholesterolemia populations and normal controls were investigated using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Participants with hypo-HDL cholesterolemia and normal controls were clearly discriminated from each other on the orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis score plot and a total of 90 differential metabolites were identified, including down-regulated phosphatidylserine [18:0/20:3(8Z,11Z,14Z)], phosphatidylcholine [19:0/18:3(6Z,9Z,12Z)], phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine [18:0/20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,13E) (15Ke)], etc., and up-regulated triglyceride [15:0/18:1(9Z)/18:3(9Z,12Z,15Z)][iso6], 13-methyl-1-tritriacontene, tridodecylamine, etc. Most of the changed metabolites were lipids, notably, a significant part of which were odd chain fatty acid incorporated lipids. Carnitine shuttle was the most significant metabolic pathway, except for the disturbed glycerophospholipid metabolism, glycosphingolipid metabolism and sphingolipid metabolism in participants with hypo-HDL cholesterolemia. We identified the key metabolites and metabolic pathways that may be changed in hypo-HDL cholesterolemia participants, providing useful clues for studying the metabolic mechanisms and for early prevention of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia and dyslipidemia.

12.
Front Oncol ; 10: 598256, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262952

RESUMEN

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have important regulatory roles in the development of various cancers. However, the biological functions and potential molecular mechanisms of circRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of a new circRNA-circGSK3B (hsa_circ_0003763) and its molecular mechanism in HCC. We found that circGSK3B was highly expressed in HCC tissues and HCC cell lines. Additionally, the expression level of circGSK3B significantly correlated with HCC tumor size and vascular invasion. Functionally, we confirmed that circGSK3B can promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of HCC cells in vivo and in vitro. In terms of mechanism, we demonstrated that circGSK3B acts as a miR-1265 sponge, positively regulates the target gene CAB39, and promotes the reprogramming of glutamine metabolism, thereby promoting the progression of HCC. Finally, the classic RNA binding protein QKI was observed to participate in the biogenesis of circGSK3B. In summary, we proved that the circGSK3B-miR-1265-CAB39 axis can promote the proliferation, migration, invasion of HCC cells, indicating that circGSKB may serve as a promising diagnostic and prognostic marker in HCC.

13.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151630

RESUMEN

Karyotypic changes in chromosome number and structure are drivers in the divergent evolution of diverse plant species and lineages. This study aimed to reveal the origins of the unique karyotype (2n = 12) and phylogenetic relationships of the genus Megadenia (Brassicaceae). A high-quality chromosome-scale genome was assembled for Megadenia pygmaea using Nanopore long reads and high-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C). The assembled genome is 215.2 Mb and is anchored on six pseudochromosomes. We annotated a total of 25,607 high-confidence protein-coding genes and corroborated the phylogenetic affinity of Megadenia with the Brassicaceae expanded lineage II, containing numerous agricultural crops. We dated the divergence of Megadenia from its closest relatives to 27.04 (19.11-36.60) million years ago. A reconstruction of the chromosomal composition of the species was performed based on the de novo assembled genome and comparative chromosome painting analysis. The karyotype structure of M. pygmaea is very similar to the previously inferred proto-Calepineae karyotype (PCK; n = 7) of the lineage II. However, an end-to-end translocation between two ancestral chromosomes reduced the chromosome number from n = 7 to n = 6 in Megadenia. Our reference genome provides fundamental information for karyotypic evolution and evolutionary study of this genus.

14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(21): 21809-21836, 2020 11 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177244

RESUMEN

We investigated the mechanisms affecting tumor progression and survival outcomes in Polybromo-1-mutated (PBRM1MUT) clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) patients. PBRM1MUT ccRCC tissues contained higher numbers of mast cells and lower numbers of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells than tissues from PBRM1WT ccRCC patients. Hierarchical clustering, pathway enrichment and GSEA analyses demonstrated that PBRM1 mutations promote tumor progression by activating hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-related signaling pathways and increasing expression of vascular endothelial growth factor family genes. PBRM1MUT ccRCC tissues also show increased expression of C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5). PBRM1-silenced ccRCC cells exhibited greater Matrigel tube formation and cell proliferation than controls. In addition, HMC-1 human mast cells exhibited CCL5-dependent in vitro migration on Transwell plates. High CCL5 expression in PBRM1MUT ccRCC patients correlated with increased expression of genes encoding IFN-γ, IFN-α, IL-6, JAK-STAT3, TNF-α, and NF-ΚB. Moreover, high CCL5 expression was associated with poorer survival outcomes in ccRCC patients. These findings demonstrate that CCL5-dependent mast cell infiltration promotes immunosuppression within the tumor microenvironment, resulting in tumor progression and adverse survival outcomes in PBRM1MUT ccRCC patients.

15.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 575652, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177982

RESUMEN

Background: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) were considered to be a continuum of Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum. The abnormal topological architecture and rich-club organization in the brain functional network can reveal the pathology of the AD spectrum. However, few studies have explored the disrupted patterns of diverse club organizations and the combination of rich- and diverse-club organizations in SCD and aMCI. Methods: We collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data of 19 SCDs, 29 aMCIs, and 28 healthy controls (HCs) from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. Graph theory analysis was used to analyze the network metrics and rich- and diverse-club organizations simultaneously. Results: Compared with HC, the aMCI group showed altered small-world and network efficiency, whereas the SCD group remained relatively stable. The aMCI group showed reduced rich-club connectivity compared with the HC. In addition, the aMCI group showed significantly increased feeder connectivity and decreased local connectivity of the diverse club compared with the SCD group. The overlapping nodes of the rich club and diverse club showed a significant difference in nodal efficiency and shortest path length (L p) between groups. Notably, the L p values of overlapping nodes in the SCD and aMCI groups were significantly associated with episodic memory. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that the network properties of SCD and aMCI have varying degrees of damage. The combination of the rich club and the diverse club can provide a novel insight into the pathological mechanism of the AD spectrum. The altered patterns in overlapping nodes might be potential biomarkers in the diagnosis of the AD spectrum.

16.
Redox Biol ; 37: 101745, 2020 Oct 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099216

RESUMEN

Nogo-B is an endoplasmic reticulum-residential protein with distinctive functions in different diseases. However, it remains unclear the role of Nogo-B in liver sterile inflammatory injury. This study aims to elucidate the functions and mechanisms in liver ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI). The Nogo-B expression and liver function were analyzed in biopsy/serum specimens from 36 patients undergoing ischemia-related hepatectomy and in a mouse model of liver IRI. Human specimens were harvested prior to ischemia and post-reperfusion. The Nogo-B knockout (Nogo-BKO) and myeloid-specific Nogo-B knockout (Nogo-BMKO) mice were used to analyze the function and mechanism of Nogo-B in a mouse model of liver IRI. In human specimens, the Nogo-B expression was positively correlated with higher levels of serum transaminase (sALT) and severe histopathological injury at one day post-hepatectomy. Moreover, Nogo-B is mainly expressed on macrophages in normal and ischemic liver tissues from human and mice. Unlike in controls, the Nogo-BKO or Nogo-BMKO livers was protected against IRI, with reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and liver inflammation in ischemic livers. In parallel in vitro studies, Nogo-B deficiency reduced M1 macrophage polarization and inhibited proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, MCP-1 and iNOS) in response to LPS or HMGB-1 stimulation. Mechanistic studies showed that Nogo-B bound to MST1/2, increased MST1/2, LAST1, and YAP phosphorylation, leading to reduced YAP activity. Interestingly, disruption of macrophage YAP abolished Nogo-B deficiency-mediated cytoprotective effects in vitro and in vivo. Thus, YAP is crucial for the regulation of macrophage Nogo-B-triggered liver inflammation. Nogo-B promotes macrophage-related innate inflammation and contributes to IR-induced liver injury by activating the MST-mediated Hippo/YAP pathway, which provides a potential therapeutic target for clinical management in liver IRI.

17.
Nano Lett ; 20(11): 8185-8192, 2020 Nov 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125239

RESUMEN

Highly permselective nanostructured membranes are desirable for the energy-efficient molecular sieving on the subnanometer scale. The nanostructure construction and charge functionalization of the membranes are generally carried out step by step through the conventional layer-by-layer coating strategy, which inevitably brings about a demanding contradiction between the permselective performance and process efficiency. For the first time, we report the concurrent construction of the well-defined molecular sieving architectures and tunable surface charges of nanofiltration membranes through precisely controlled release of the nanocapsule decorated polyethyleneimine and carbon dioxide. This novel strategy not only substantially shortens the fabrication process but also leads to impressive performance (permeance up to 37.4 L m-2 h-1 bar-1 together with a rejection 98.7% for Janus Green B-511 Da) that outperforms most state-of-art nanofiltration membranes. This study unlocks new avenues to engineer next-generation molecular sieving materials simply, precisely, and cost efficiently.

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(85): 13052, 2020 Oct 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057501

RESUMEN

Correction for 'Pd-Catalyzed oxidative isomerization of propargylic acetates: highly efficient access to α-acetoxyenones via alkenyl Csp2-O bond-forming reductive elimination from PdIV' by Jun Li et al., Chem. Commun., 2016, 52, 10644-10647, DOI: 10.1039/C6CC04463H.

19.
Arch Med Res ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059953

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), the main therapeutic approach for metastatic prostate cancer (PCa), accelerates PCa invasion and metastasis. Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is a Ca2+-regulated phospholipid-binding protein that can promote PCa migration and invasion. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to determine whether ANXA1 is regulated by ADT and participates in PCa progression after ADT, and to explore the possible mechanism of ANXA1-mediated PCa migration. METHODS: Expression of ANXA1 and androgen receptor (AR) in PCa cell lines and tissues was detected, and the association between these two proteins were analyzed. Expression of ANXA1 was evaluated after AR knockdown or AR inhibition in PCa cell lines. Cell migration of PCa cell liness after ANXA1 knockdown or overexpression was determined by in vitro migration assay. Transcriptome analysis was used to explore the possible mechanism of ANXA1-mediated PCa migration. RESULTS: ANXA1 expression in PCa cell lines and tissues was reversely associated with AR. In vitro studies revealed an increase in ANXA1 expression after AR knockdown or treatment with AR antagonist. Moreover, functional assays indicated that ANXA1 knockdown in PCa cells significantly inhibited cell migration, while ANXA1 overexpression in PCa cells significantly accelerated cell migration. Transcriptome analysis showed that ANXA1 regulated multiple genes involved in cell junction organization, such as CADM1, LIMCH1 and PPM1F. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that ADT might accelerate PCa metastasis via ANXA1 expression and PCa cell migration.

20.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22609, 2020 Sep 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926756

RESUMEN

According to the World Health Organization, the incidence and mortality rates of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are rapidly increasing worldwide. Serious side effects caused by immune therapy and resistance to targeted drug therapy are urgent clinical problems facing kidney treatment. There is increasing global interest in developing natural products with a reduced number of side effects as adjunctive therapeutic options for RCC. Ginger is a spice and herbal remedy used worldwide, and 6-gingerol is a major pharmacologically active ingredient in ginger. In our study, we found that 6-gingerol suppressed RCC cell migration and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, reduction in MMP2, Slug, and Vimentin protein levels was observed following 6-gingerol treatment of 786-O and ACHN cells. Furthermore, we revealed the mechanisms underlying the ability of 6-gingerol to inhibit RCC cell migration and metastasis. 6-Gingerol increased yes-associated protein (YAP)ser127 phosphorylation and reduced YAP levels in cell nuclei. We also used a series of loss-of-function and gain-of-function experiments to support our results. Western blot results showed that MMP2, Slug, and Vimentin protein expression was downregulated in YAP-silenced cells and upregulated in YAP-overexpressing cells. Transwell data demonstrated that YAP suppressed RCC migration ability. Immunofluorescence images showed that 6-gingerol decreased YAP levels, leading to disordered F-actin and a reduction in cell lamellipodia. Overall, our results indicated that 6-gingerol is a potential antimetastatic compound for use in kidney therapy.

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