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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100125

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) causes gradual cellular alterations, structural anomalies and joint dysfunction. Progressive decline of chondrocyte function plays a vital role on OA pathogenesis. Although protein phosphorylation controls cartilage metabolism, its regulation mechanism in OA remains unclear. Thus, proteomic methods were used to investigate phosphorylation changes in preserved and OA articular cartilage samples, and to explore the intervention targets of phosphorylated kinase. METHODS: Preserved (control) and lesioned (OA) cartilage samples from OA cases were assessed by phosphoproteomics. Immobilized metal affinity chromatography was performed for phosphopeptide enrichment. Quantitated phosphosites were comparatively assessed in the cartilage sample pair. Kinase-substrate enrichment analyses were carried out for identifying OA-related kinases. BRAF expression in cartilage tissues was assessed by immunohistochemical staining. The effects of BRAF inhibitor on cartilage degeneration were examined in mouse chondrocytes and OA mouse model. RESULTS: High-sensitivity mass spectrometry-based proteomics revealed 7,471 peptides and 4,375 phosphorylated peptides differing between preserved and lesioned cartilage samples, which represented the significant alteration of kinase hubs and transduction pathways. Phosphoproteomics identified BRAF may be involved in developing OA. BRAF regulated the downstream ERK signaling pathway. In addition, BRAF was upregulated in human OA cartilage as shown by immunohistochemistry. Remarkably, BRAF inhibition alleviated cartilage degradation in a mouse model of OA through its downstream of ERK pathway activation. CONCLUSIONS: Jointly, these findings provide an overview of phosphoproteomic alterations occurring during cartilage degeneration, identifying the BRAF-ERK1/2 Axis signaling as a potential signaling pathway involved in OA.

2.
Hong Kong Med J ; 2022 Sep 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36171145

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: It is clinically challenging to differentiate the pathophysiological types of shock in emergency situations. Here, we evaluated the ability of a novel bedside ultrasound protocol (Tamponade/tension pneumothorax, Heart, Inferior vena cava, Respiratory system, Deep venous thrombosis/aorta dissection [THIRD]) to predict types of shock in the emergency department. METHODS: An emergency physician performed the THIRD protocol on all patients with shock who were admitted to the emergency department. All patients were closely followed to determine their final clinical diagnoses. The kappa index, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated for the initial diagnostic impression provided by the THIRD protocol, compared with each patient's final diagnosis. RESULTS: In total, 112 patients were enrolled in this study. The kappa index between initial impression and final diagnosis was 0.81 (95% confidence interval=0.73-0.89; P<0.001). For hypovolaemic, cardiogenic, distributive, and obstructive types of shock, the sensitivities of the THIRD protocol were 100%, 100%, 93%, and 100%, respectively; the sensitivity for a 'mixed' shock aetiology was 86%. The negative predictive value of the THIRD protocol for all five types of shock was ≥96%. CONCLUSION: Initial diagnostic judgements determined using the THIRD protocol showed favourable agreement with the final diagnosis in patients who presented with undifferentiated shock. The THIRD protocol has great potential for use as a bedside approach that can guide the rapid management of undifferentiated shock in emergency settings, particularly for patients with obstructive, hypovolaemic, or cardiogenic shock.

3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078191

RESUMEN

American cities and localities have historically been places of innovation and incubation when it comes to advancing equity and inclusion. Now, local governments in many states are leading the fight for stronger public health protections against COVID-19-through mask mandates, stay-at-home orders, and paid leave provisions, among other actions. However, state lawmakers have long used preemption-state laws that block, override, or limit local ordinances-to stifle local government action, often under pressure from corporate interests and political ideology. Through preemption, state lawmakers have obstructed local communities-often majority-minority communities-from responding to the expressed needs and values of their residents through policies. In this article, we first look at the context behind preemption and its disparate effects. After establishing a conceptual framework for measuring disparities, we discuss how the current COVID-19 pandemic is disproportionately harming the same communities that have been preempted from taking local action, limiting their ability to effectively combat the public health crisis. We argue that all stakeholders interested in health equity have a role to play in addressing the misuse of state preemption.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Humanos , Gobierno Local , Pandemias/prevención & control , Salud Pública , Gobierno Estatal , Estados Unidos
4.
Nature ; 609(7928): 685-688, 2022 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131036

RESUMEN

Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are highly dispersed, millisecond-duration radio bursts1-3. Recent observations of a Galactic FRB4-8 suggest that at least some FRBs originate from magnetars, but the origin of cosmological FRBs is still not settled. Here we report the detection of 1,863 bursts in 82 h over 54 days from the repeating source FRB 20201124A (ref. 9). These observations show irregular short-time variation of the Faraday rotation measure (RM), which scrutinizes the density-weighted line-of-sight magnetic field strength, of individual bursts during the first 36 days, followed by a constant RM. We detected circular polarization in more than half of the burst sample, including one burst reaching a high fractional circular polarization of 75%. Oscillations in fractional linear and circular polarizations, as well as polarization angle as a function of wavelength, were detected. All of these features provide evidence for a complicated, dynamically evolving, magnetized immediate environment within about an astronomical unit (AU; Earth-Sun distance) of the source. Our optical observations of its Milky-Way-sized, metal-rich host galaxy10-12 show a barred spiral, with the FRB source residing in a low-stellar-density interarm region at an intermediate galactocentric distance. This environment is inconsistent with a young magnetar engine formed during an extreme explosion of a massive star that resulted in a long gamma-ray burst or superluminous supernova.

5.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(4): 417-419, 2022 Aug 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116935

RESUMEN

Small private online course (SPOC), an emerging network-based, student-centered blended teaching model, combines the advantages of online teaching and flipped classroom, aiming to effectively improve students' autonomous learning ability and learning efficiency. Considering a remarkable decline in the course of Human Parasitology, we built an SPOC-based blended teaching model for Human Parasitology, covering pre-course learning, intra-course leaning, post-course consolidation and evaluation, and such a model was applied among grade 2019 students with specialty of clinical medicine. Following the application of the SPOC-based blended teaching model, most students had improvements in autonomous learning ability and activity, and understanding of human parasitology knowledge, and the examination score disparity was avoided.


Asunto(s)
Evaluación Educacional , Aprendizaje , Curriculum , Humanos , Estudiantes
6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(4): 438-444, 2022 Aug 19.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116939

RESUMEN

As a type of highly plastic innate immune cells, macrophages may be differentiated into M1 and M2 macrophages upon different stimuli, and M2 macrophages are involved in immune regulation, tissue remodeling and regeneration, and wound healing. Previous epidemiological studies have shown a significant negative correlation between the prevalence of helminth infections and the incidence of inflammatory diseases, such as allergy and autoimmune diseases. As a common type of intestinal helminths, hookworm infection may trigger high levels of type II host immune responses, with alternative activation of macrophages, which are effective to inhibit the development and progression of inflammatory diseases. This review summarizes the advances in alternative activation of macrophages in hookworm therapy for inflammatory diseases.


Asunto(s)
Helmintiasis , Infecciones por Uncinaria , Ancylostomatoidea , Animales , Diferenciación Celular , Macrófagos
7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1491-1496, 2022 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117359

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore cognitive trajectory and its association with depression tendency in the elderly in rural area in China. Methods: Based on the data of the rural elderly aged ≥65 years in the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) from 2011 to 2018, unconditional and conditional latent variable growth curve models were constructed to analyze the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score trajectory and its association with depression tendency in the elderly. Results: A total of 1 788 elderly persons were included, and 19.1% of them had a depression tendency. The average MMSE score of those with and without a depression tendency at baseline survey were 26.62±3.54 and 27.59±3.17 respectively. The rate of MMSE score decline was 0.52 points (P<0.05). Before and after controlling covariates, the initial score was 0.84 points lower (P<0.05) and 0.81 points lower (P<0.05) in those with depressive tendency than in those without depressive tendency respectively, furthermore, the decline rate of MMSE score was 0.33 points lower (P<0.05) and 0.40 points lower (P<0.05) in those with depressive tendency than in those without respectively. Conclusions: The depression tendency in the elderly in rural area in China was associated with the cognitive function change trajectory, with those with depression tendency had lower-level trajectory. Attention should be paid to the mental health of the elderly in rural area to prevent dementia and slow its development.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos del Conocimiento , Depresión , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Cognición , Depresión/epidemiología , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 25(9): 804-811, 2022 Sep 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117372

RESUMEN

Objective: This study aims to survey the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) in China and to analyze its risk factors, so as to prevent and control SSI after colorectal surgery. Methods: An observative study was conducted. Based on a program of Chinese SSI Surveillance from 2018 to 2020, the clinical data of all adult patients undergoing colorectal surgery during this time period were extracted. These included demographic characteristics and perioperative clinical parameters. Minors, pregnant women, obstetric or gynecological surgery, urological system surgery, retroperitoneal surgery, resection of superficial soft tissue masses, and mesh or other implants were excluded. A total of 2122 patients undergoing colorectal surgery from 50 hospitals were included, including 1252 males and 870 females. The median age was 63 (16) years and the median BMI was 23 (4.58) kg/m2. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI within 30 days after colorectal surgery. The secondary outcomes were mortality within 30 days postoperatively, length of ICU stays and postoperative hospital stays, and cost of hospitalization. Patients were divided into the SSI group and non-SSI group based on the occurrence of SSI. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to analyze risk factors of SSI after colorectal surgery, and subgroup analysis was conducted for open and laparoscopic surgery. Results: The incidence of SSI after colorectal surgery was 5.6% (119/2122), including 47 cases (47/119, 39.5%) with superficial incisional infections, 24 cases (24/119, 20.2%) with deep incisional infections, and 48 cases (48/119, 40.3%) with organ/space infections. The occurrence of SSI significantly increased mortality [2.5% (3/119) vs. 0.1%(3/2003), χ2=22.400, P=0.003], the length of ICU stay [0 (1) day vs. 0(0) day, U=131 339, P<0.001], postoperative hospital stay [18.5 (12.8) days vs. 9.0 (6.0) days, U=167 902, P<0.001], and medical expenses [75 000 (49 000) yuan vs. 60 000 (31 000) yuan, U=126 189, P<0.001] (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that hypertension (OR=1.782, 95%CI: 1.173-2.709, P=0.007), preoperative albumin level (OR=1.680, 95%CI: 1.089-2.592, P=0.019), a contaminated or infected incision (OR= 1.993, 95%CI: 1.076-3.689, P=0.028), emergency surgery (OR=2.067, 95%CI: 1.076-3.972, P=0.029), open surgery (OR=2.132, 95%CI: 1.396-3.255, P<0.001), and surgical duration (OR=1.804, 95%CI: 1.188-2.740, P=0.006) were risk factors for SSI, while preoperative skin preparation (OR=0.478, 95%CI: 0.310-0.737, P=0.001) was a protective factor for SSI. Subgroup analysis was performed on patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery. The incidence of SSI in the open surgery group was 10.2%, which was significantly higher than that in the laparoscopic or robotic group (3.5%, χ2=39.816, P<0.001). Subgroup analysis identified that a contaminated or infected incision (OR=2.168, 95%CI: 1.042-4.510, P=0.038) and surgical duration (OR=2.072, 95%CI: 1.171-3.664, P=0.012) were risk factors for SSI after open surgery, while mechanical bowel preparation (OR=0.428, 95%CI: 0.227-0.807, P=0.009) and preoperative skin preparation (OR=0.356, 95%CI: 0.199-0.634, P<0.001) were protective factors for SSI after open surgery. In laparoscopic surgery, diabetes mellitus (OR= 2.292, 95%CI: 1.138-4.617, P=0.020) and hypertension (OR=2.265, 95%CI: 1.234-4.159, P=0.008) were risk factors for SSI. Conclusions: The incidence of SSI after colorectal surgery is 5.6%. Minimally invasive surgery should be selected to reduce the occurrence of postoperative SSI. To prevent the occurrence of SSI after open surgery, skin preparation and mechanical bowel preparation should be performed before the operation, and the duration of the operation should be shortened as much as possible. In the perioperative period, care of patients with hypertension, diabetes, and contaminated or infected incisions should be given particular attention.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía Colorrectal , Hipertensión , Adulto , Albúminas , China/epidemiología , Cirugía Colorrectal/efectos adversos , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Embarazo , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/etiología
9.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056605

RESUMEN

The emergence of linezolid-resistant (LR) enterococci found in food of animal origin arouses attention, but little is known about LR enterococci in fur animals. A total of 342 Enterococcus faecalis and 265 E. faecium strains isolated from fur animals in China from 2015 to 2017 were investigated to determine if LR enterococci (≥16 µg ml-1 ) are present. Overall, two E. faecalis and 12 E. faecium among these isolates were resistant to linezolid. In addition, all LR isolates were classified as multidrug-resistant isolates. We further explore the resistance genes of the LR enterococci, four E. faecalis and two E. faecium isolates contained optrA gene. Two of them co-harboured optrA and poxtA genes. We detected virulence genes in LR enterococci were the following: asa1, cylA, esp, gelE and hyl, among which the highest carrying rate gene was asa1. Besides, all of the LR enterococci we tested had the biofilm-forming ability. It is worth noting that we detected a novel ST type ST2010 from E. faecium 82-2. These data show LR enterococci exist in fur animals and have unique characteristics.

11.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 51(9): 832-837, 2022 Sep 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097898

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the expression of VISTA and PD-L1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and to explore its relationship with clinicopathologic features and prognosis. Methods: Ninety TNBC patients who underwent surgical resections between 2016 to 2018 in Jiangsu Province Hospital were selected. The expression of VISTA and PD-L1 in both tumor cells and immune cells was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and the relationship with clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis was analyzed. Results: VISTA was expressed in 17.8% (16/90) of the tumors. The expression of VISTA in tumor cells was related to a higher Ki-67 proliferation index (P=0.02) and higher number of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL, P<0.01). VISTA was expressed in 71.1% (64/90) of the immune cells and the expression correlated with smaller tumor size (P=0.02), lower T stage (P=0.04), higher number of TIL (P<0.01), higher number of CD8+T cells (P=0.03) and higher Ki-67 proliferation index (P=0.02). PD-L1 was expressed in 17.8% (16/90) of the immune cells and the expression correlated with higher histologic grade (P=0.04), higher Ki-67 proliferation index (P=0.02) and higher number of TIL (P<0.01). VISTA expression was higher in immune cells within TNBC patients than PD-L1 (P<0.01). Among 90 TNBC patients, complete follow-up was obtained in 85 patients, 8 of whom had recurrences or metastasis after surgery, and two patients cases died of recurrences or metastasis. Conclusions: The expression rate of VISTA is higher than that of PD-L1 in TNBC. The expression of VISTA in immune cells predicts a lower T stage. VISTA may act as an effective immunotherapy target.


Asunto(s)
Antígeno B7-H1 , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Pronóstico , Recurrencia , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/cirugía
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(8): 083001, 2022 Aug 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053707

RESUMEN

The permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of the ^{171}Yb (I=1/2) atom is measured with atoms held in an optical dipole trap. By enabling a cycling transition that is simultaneously spin-selective and spin-preserving, a quantum nondemolition measurement with a spin-detection efficiency of 50% is realized. A systematic effect due to parity mixing induced by a static E field is observed, and is suppressed by averaging between measurements with optical dipole traps in opposite directions. The coherent spin precession time is found to be much longer than 300 s. The EDM is determined to be d(^{171}Yb)=(-6.8±5.1_{stat}±1.2_{syst})×10^{-27} e cm, leading to an upper limit of |d(^{171}Yb)|<1.5×10^{-26} e cm (95% C.L.). These measurement techniques can be adapted to search for the EDM of ^{225}Ra.

16.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 29(Pt 5): 1284-1291, 2022 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36073888

RESUMEN

The development, construction, and first commissioning results of a new scanning microscope installed at the 5-ID Submicron Resolution X-ray Spectroscopy (SRX) beamline at NSLS-II are reported. The developed system utilizes Kirkpatrick-Baez mirrors for X-ray focusing. The instrument is designed to enable spectromicroscopy measurements in 2D and 3D with sub-200 nm spatial resolution. The present paper focuses on the design aspects, optical considerations, and specifics of the sample scanning stage, summarizing some of the initial commissioning results.

17.
Eur J Radiol ; 156: 110514, 2022 Sep 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108479

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Photon-counting detector (PCD)-CT is expected to have a substantial impact on oncologic abdominal imaging. We compared subjective and objective image quality between PCD-CT and conventional energy-integrating detector (EID-)CT arterial phase abdominal scans. METHODS: This study included 84 patients undergoing both types of abdominal CT. EID-CT scans were acquired with a tube voltage of 100 kVp. With PCD-CT, acquired with 120-kVp, we reconstructed polychromatic T3D images and virtual monoenergetic images (VMIs) in 10-keV intervals from 40 to 90 keV. Quantitative image analysis included noise and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of hepatic vessels, kidney cortex, and hypervascular liver lesions to liver parenchyma. Three raters used a 5-point Likert scale for qualitative image analysis of image noise and contrast, lesion conspicuity, and overall image quality. Radiation dose exposure (CT dose index) was compared between the two CT types. RESULTS: Mean CT dose index and effective dose were respectively 18 % and 26 % lower with PCD-CT versus EID-CT. Compared with EID-CT, CNRs of kidney cortex and vessel to liver parenchyma were significantly higher in PCD-CT VMIs at energies ≤ 60 keV and in polychromatic T3D images (p < 0.004). Overall image quality of PCD-CT VMIs at 50 and 60 keV was rated as significantly better (p < 0.01) than the EID-CT images (inter-reader agreement alpha = 0.80). Lesion conspicuity was significantly better in low-keV VMIs (p < 0.03) and worse in > 70-keV VMIs. CONCLUSIONS: With low-keV VMI, PCD-CT yields significantly improved objective and subjective quality of arterial phase oncological imaging compared with EID-CT. This advantage may translate into higher diagnostic confidence and lower radiation dose protocols.

18.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 26(9): 879-888, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36156680

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess whether raised baseline plasma tHcy concentrations increased the risks of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and all-cause death outcomes in older patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). DESIGN: A multicenter, prospective, observational study. SETTING: Beijing, Shandong Province, Gansu Province of China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1, 290 OSA patients aged 60 to 96 years from sleep centers of six hospitals in China consecutively recruited between January 2015 and October 2017. MEASUREMENTS: Cox proportional models assessed the association between tHcy and the risk of new-onset all events among Chinese older OSA patients. RESULTS: The final analysis (60.1% male; median age, 66 years) used data from 1, 100 subjects during a median follow-up of 42 months, a total of 105 (9.5%) patients developed MACE and 42 (3.8%) patients died. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed higher adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) of MACE, myocardial infarction (MI), hospitalization for unstable angina, and composite of all events with tHcy levels in the 4th quartile (HR=5.93, 95% CI: 2.79-12.59; HR=4.72, 95% CI:1.36-4.61; HR=4.26, 95% CI:1.62-5.71; HR=4.17, 95% CI:2.23-7.81) and the 3rd quartile (HR=3.79, 95% CI:1.76-8.20; HR=3.65, 95% CI:1.04-2.98; HR=2.75, 95% CI:1.08-3.76; HR=2.51, 95% CI:1.31-4.83) compared to reference tHcy levels in quartile 1, respectively, while the aHRs (95% CIs) of all-cause death showed significantly higher only in the highest tHcy level quartile than in the lowest quartile (HR=3.20, 95% CI=1.16-8.84, P=0.025) with no significant differences in risks of cardiovascular death and hospitalisation for heart failure among groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: tHcy, a marker of prognosis for older OSA patients, was significantly associated with the increased risk of MACE and all-cause death in this population independent of BMI, smoking status, and other potential risk factors, but not all clinical components events of MACE. New therapeutic approaches for older patients with OSA should mitigate tHcy-associated risks of MACE, and even all-cause death.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño , Anciano , Femenino , Homocisteína , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto del Miocardio/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/complicaciones
19.
J Dairy Sci ; 2022 Sep 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36175223

RESUMEN

The small intestine is the primary site of nutrient digestion and absorption, which plays a key role in the survival of neonatal calves. A comprehensive assessment of the phosphoproteomic changes in the small intestine of neonatal calves is unavailable; therefore, we used phosphopeptide enrichment coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to investigate the changes in the phosphoproteome profile in the bovine small intestine during the first 36 h of life. Twelve neonatal male calves were assigned to one of the following groups: (1) calves not fed colostrum and slaughtered approximately 2 h postpartum (n = 3), (2) calves fed colostrum at 1 to 2 h and slaughtered 8 h postpartum (n = 3), (3) calves fed 2 colostrum meals (at 1-2 and 10-12 h) and slaughtered 24 h postpartum (n = 3), (4) calves fed 3 colostrum meals (at 1-2, 10-12, and 22-24 h) and slaughtered 36 h postpartum (n = 3). Mid-duodenal, jejunal, and ileal samples of the calves were collected after slaughter. We identified 1,678 phosphoproteins with approximately 3,080 phosphosites, which were mainly Ser (89.9%), Thr (9.8%), and Tyr (0.3%) residues; they belonged to the prodirected (52.9%), basic (20.4%), acidic (16.6%), and Tyr-directed (1.7%) motif categories. The regional differentially expressed phosphoproteins included zonula occludens 2, sorting nexin 12, and protein kinase C, which are mainly associated with developmental processes, intracellular transport, vesicle-mediated transport, and immune system process. They are enriched in the endocytosis, tight junction, insulin signaling, and focal adhesion pathways. The temporal differentially expressed phosphoproteins included occludin, epsin 1, and bridging integrator 1, which were mainly associated with macromolecule metabolic process, cell adhesion, and growth. They were enriched in the spliceosomes, adherens junctions, and tight junctions. The observed changes in the phosphoproteins in the tissues of small intestine suggest the protein phosphorylation plays an important role in nutrient transport and immune response of calves during early life, which needs to be confirmed in a larger study.

20.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(9): 830-838, 2022 Sep 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177587

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of low-dose photodynamic therapy on the proliferation, regulation, and secretion functions of human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) and the related mechanism, so as to explore a new method for the repair of chronic wounds. Methods: The experimental research methods were adopted. From February to April 2021, 10 patients (5 males and 5 females, aged 23 to 47 years) who underwent cutaneous surgery in the Department of Dermatology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) donated postoperative waste adipose tissue. The cells were extracted from the adipose tissue and the phenotype was identified. Three batches of ADSCs were taken, with each batch of cells being divided into normal control group with conventional culture only, photosensitizer alone group with conventional culture after being treated with Hemoporfin, irradiation alone group with conventional culture after being treated with red light irradiation, and photosensitizer+irradiation group with conventional culture after being treated with Hemoporfin and red light irradiation, with sample number of 3 in each group. At culture hour of 24 after the treatment of the first and second batches of cells, the ADSC proliferation level was evaluated by 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine staining method and the migration percentage of HaCaT cells cocultured with ADSCs was detected by Transwell experiment, respectively. On culture day of 7 after the treatment of the third batch of cells, the extracellular matrix protein expression of ADSCs was detected by immunofluorescence method. The ADSCs were divided into 0 min post-photodynamic therapy group, 15 min post-photodynamic therapy group, 30 min post-photodynamic therapy group, and 60 min post-photodynamic therapy group, with 3 wells in each group. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions and calculate the phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin complex (p-mTOR)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), phosphorylated p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p-p70 S6K)/p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70 S6K) ratio at the corresponding time points after photodynamic therapy. Two batches of ADSCs were taken, and each batch was divided into normal control group, photodynamic therapy alone group, and photodynamic therapy+rapamycin group, with 3 wells in each group. At culture minute of 15 after the treatment, p-mTOR/mTOR and p-p70 S6K/p70 S6K ratios of cells from the first batch were calculated and detected as before. On culture day of 7 after the treatment, extracellular matrix protein expression of cells from the second batch was detected as before. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance and least significant difference test. Results: After 12 d of culture, the cells were verified as ADSCs. At culture hour of 24 after the treatment, the ADSC proliferation level ((4.0±1.0)% and (4.1±0.4)%, respectively) and HaCaT cell migration percentages (1.17±0.14 and 1.13±0.12, respectively) in photosensitizer alone group and irradiation alone group were similar to those of normal control group ((3.7±0.6)% and 1.00±0.16, respectively, P>0.05), and were significantly lower than those of photosensitizer+irradiation group ((34.2±7.0)% and 2.55±0.13, respectively, P<0.01). On culture day of 7 after the treatment, compared with those in normal control group, the expression of collagen Ⅲ in ADSCs of photosensitizer alone group was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the expressions of collagen Ⅰ and collagen Ⅲ in ADSCs of irradiation alone group were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with those in photosensitizer alone group and irradiation alone group, the expressions of collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ, and fibronectin of ADSCs in photosensitizer+irradiation group were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with those in 0 min post-photodynamic therapy group, the ratios of p-mTOR/mTOR and p-p70 S6K/p70 S6K of ADSCs in 15 min post-photodynamic therapy group were significantly increased (P<0.01), the ratios of p-p70 S6K/p70 S6K of ADSCs in 30 min post-photodynamic therapy group and 60 min post-photodynamic therapy group were both significantly increased (P<0.01). At culture minute of 15 after the treatment, compared with those in normal control group, the ratios of p-mTOR/mTOR and p-p70 S6K/p70 S6K of ADSCs in photodynamic therapy alone group were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with those in photodynamic therapy alone group, the ratios of p-mTOR/mTOR and p-p70 S6K/p70 S6K of ADSCs in photodynamic therapy+rapamycin group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). On culture day of 7 after the treatment, compared with those in normal control group, the expressions of collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ, and fibronectin of ADSCs in photodynamic therapy alone group were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with those in photodynamic therapy alone group, the expressions of collagen Ⅰ, collagen Ⅲ, and fibronectin of ADSCs in photodynamic therapy+rapamycin group were significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusions: Low-dose photodynamic therapy can promote the proliferation of ADSCs, improve the ability of ADSCs to regulate the migration of HaCaT cells, and enhance the secretion of extracellular matrix protein by rapidly activating mTOR signaling pathway.

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