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Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 989-92, 2013 Dec 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24343088


OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively evaluate the artifacts appearance of eight kinds of common dental restorative materials, such as zirconia. METHODS: For the full-crown tooth preparation of mandibular first molar, eight kinds of full-crowns, such as zirconia all-ceramic crown, glass ceramic crown, ceramage crown, Au-Pt based porcelain-fused-metal (PFM) crown, Pure Titanium PFM crown, Co-Cr PFM crown, Ni-Cr PFM crown, and Au-Pd metal crown were fabricated. And natural teeth in vitro were used as controls. These full-crown and natural teeth in vitro were mounted an ultraviolet-curable resin fixed plate. High resolution cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was used to scan all of the crowns and natural teeth in vitro, and their DICOM data were imported into software MIMICS 10.0. Then, the number of stripes and the maximum diameters of artifacts around the full-crowns were evaluated quantitatively in two-dimensional tomography images. RESULTS: In the two-dimensional tomography images,the artifacts did not appear around the natural teeth in vitro, glass ceramic crown, and ceramage crown. But thr artifacts appeared around the zirconia all-ceramic and metal crown. The number of stripes of artifacts was five to nine per one crown. The maximum diameters of the artifacts were 2.4 to 2.6 cm and 2.2 to 2.7 cm. CONCLUSION: In the two-dimensional tomography images of CBCT, stripe-like and radical artifacts were caused around the zirconia all-ceramic crown and metal based porcelain-fused-metal crowns. These artifacts could lower the imaging quality of the full crown shape greatly. The artifact was not caused around the natural teeth in vitro, glass ceramic crown, and ceramage crown.

Artefactos , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico/métodos , Coronas , Materiales Dentales , Cerámica , Resinas Compuestas , Porcelana Dental , Aleaciones de Cerámica y Metal , Silicatos , Circonio
Int J Oral Sci ; 5(3): 155-61, 2013 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23907676


The article introduces a new method for three-dimensional reproduction of edentulous dental casts, and wax occlusion rims with jaw relation by using a commercial high-speed line laser scanner and reverse engineering software and evaluates the method's accuracy in vitro. The method comprises three main steps: (i) acquisition of the three-dimensional stereolithography data of maxillary and mandibular edentulous dental casts and wax occlusion rims; (ii) acquisition of the three-dimensional stereolithography data of jaw relations; and (iii) registration of these data with the reverse engineering software and completing reconstruction. To evaluate the accuracy of this method, dental casts and wax occlusion rims of 10 edentulous patients were used. The lengths of eight lines between common anatomic landmarks were measured directly on the casts and occlusion rims by using a vernier caliper and on the three-dimensional computerized images by using the software measurement tool. The direct data were considered as the true values. The paired-samples t-test was used for statistical analysis. The mean differences between the direct and the computerized measurements were mostly less than 0.04 mm and were not significant (P>0.05). Statistical significance among 10 patients was assessed using one-way analysis of variance (P<0.05). The result showed that the 10 patients were considered statistically no significant. Therefore, accurate three-dimensional reproduction of the edentulous dental casts, wax occlusion rims, and jaw relations was achieved. The proposed method enables the visualization of occlusion from different views and would help to meet the demand for the computer-aided design of removable complete dentures.

Modelos Dentales , Precisión de la Medición Dimensional , Imagenología Tridimensional/métodos , Registro de la Relación Maxilomandibular , Boca Edéntula , Análisis de Varianza , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Diseño de Dentadura , Dentadura Completa , Humanos , Rayos Láser , Boca Edéntula/rehabilitación , Ceras
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 48(3): 173-6, 2013 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23751534


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of four dominant methods of three-dimensional multisource data registration. METHODS: Laser-scanned dental model and maxillofacial cone-bean CT rebuilt model were collected for one orthodontic patient before treatment. Registration process was done based on locating spheres' center, anatomic landmarks, partial characteristic region and global data separately. The registration errors were detected by the function of Geomagic Studio 12.0 software. A comparison of the registration accuracy among these four methods was done by analyzing mean error and standard deviation. RESULTS: The mean errors and standard deviations of methods of locating spheres' center, anatomic landmarks, partial characteristic region and global data were -(0.082 ± 0.221), -(0.104 ± 0.218), -(0.047 ± 0.138) and -(0.025 ± 0.129) mm respectively. CONCLUSIONS: ICP registration methods had better reliability than landmark methods. The global registration was more accurate than partial characteristic region registration and the locating spheres' center method was better than anatomic landmarks method.

Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico/métodos , Modelos Dentales , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional/métodos , Maloclusión de Angle Clase I/diagnóstico por imagen