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1.
Cranio ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074797

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze bite force distribution in subjects with different occlusal characteristics. METHODS: This prospective study included 132 candidates (50 males, 82 females) seeking orthodontic treatment, who were divided into four groups based on Angle's classification of malocclusion. T-Scan® III Version 7.0 was used to record their relative distribution of bite forces, which were compared using gender, Angle's occlusal classification, overjet, overbite, space analysis, sagittal, and transverse skeletal relations variables. RESULTS: ANOVA revealed significant differences in posterior/anterior bite force ratios between sagittal dental and skeletal relationships, overjet, and overbite groups (p < 0.05). No significant difference was found between different space analysis and transverse relationship groups (p > 0.05) or between genders (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Subjects with Class III, decreased overjet and decreased overbite displayed higher bite force in posterior teeth compared to other groups. This feature must be considered when evaluating patients with dental and periodontal pathologies that might be affected by excessive tooth stress, especially in subjects with oral parafunctions and bruxism.

2.
J Air Waste Manag Assoc ; 70(10): 1022-1029, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720860

RESUMEN

Management of dental wastes became a recent challenge facing health care practitioners and is one of the highly-sensitive environmental problems. The main purpose of this study was to assess oral health care provider's knowledge and behavior about dental waste management and evaluate their behavior toward it. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 314 dental health care providers working in four dental colleges, and 20 private dental clinics in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. A pretested questionnaire composed of close-ended questions was used. The mean age of the participants was 27 years. About 78% of the participants reported that they were working in the public sector. Only 33.4% of the study sample received professional training on waste management. The mean behavior and knowledge scores were 3.7 ± 1.3 (out of 6) and 1.4 ± 1.3 (out of 8), respectively. Statistically significant association was noted between gender and knowledge scores but not between gender and behavior scores. On the other hand, statistically significant associations were noted between both knowledge and behavior scores and rank of the participant, type of practice, and years of experience. Oral health care providers' knowledge about the effective procedure that should be followed for segregating, collecting, transporting, and treating dental waste was weak and substandard. There is an urgent need to develop policies and regulations for dental waste management in Saudi Arabia. Implications: This study shed light for the first time on the knowledge and behavior of dentists in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia in regard to the dental waste management. Participants knowledge and behavior in regard to dental waste segregation, collection, transportation, and treatment were determined to be week and substandard. Currently, different procedures related to dental waste management in health care facilities are not clearly described. The urgent need for the development of policies and regulations for the dental waste management is obvious. This study can be a starting point for future nation-wide surveys to assess knowledge, behavior and practices related to dental waste management among oral health care providers. In addition, more efforts should be directed to incorporate this subject into dental curriculum and continuous education courses.

3.
Saudi Med J ; 38(11): 1143-1147, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29114704

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence and awareness of taekwondo athletes in Saudi Arabia regarding oral and maxillofacial (OMF) injuries and their prevention. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, an online questionnaire about the incidence and awareness of OMF injuries and their prevention was developed and distributed to taekwondo athletes in Saudi Arabia via their coaches.  Results: Sixty-eight responses were collected. The mean age of the participants was 29.3±9.1 years and 97% of them were males. Most of the participants (83%) believed that they are vulnerable to OMF injuries during practice. Approximately 23% of the participants reported a previous injury of the OMF area, while approximately 56% reported injuries in other areas. Most dental injuries (94%) were tooth fracture or displacement, while 6% were tooth avulsion. Eight participants (12%) were aware of the possibility of returning an avulsed tooth to its socket. More than 50% of those participants had inadequate knowledge on the appropriate storage media for the avulsed tooth or the maximum time allowed to return it to its socket. Eighty-one percent of the participants knew about the mouthguard, while 56% reported that they are actually using one. The most frequently reported barriers for not using a mouthguard during practice were difficulty in practicing with it, not being convinced of its importance, and lack of information where to get one. Conclusions: Most of the participants are aware of OMF injuries; however, their knowledge and behavior towards preventing and managing them are inadequate.


Asunto(s)
Artes Marciales/lesiones , Traumatismos de los Dientes/epidemiología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
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