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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 28, 2021 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435897

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment may result in undesirable side effects, such as root resorption and a decrease in the size of the pulp tissue which could be associated with the duration of the orthodontic treatment. Piezocision-assisted tooth movement was introduced as a minimally invasive surgical procedure to shorten orthodontic treatment time. This prospective randomized clinical trial was aimed to compare the pulp volume changes of maxillary anterior teeth after en-masse retraction with or without piezocision-assisted orthodontics. METHODS: Patients who required orthodontic treatment with bilateral maxillary first premolar extractions and en-masse retraction were recruited. Patients were randomly divided into extraction with piezocision, or only extraction, serving as controls. Pulp volume and root length changes of the maxillary six anterior teeth were measured and compared between the two groups using a 3-Dimensional analytical software. Paired and independent sample t-tests were used to compare within and between groups. Bivariate correlation was done between the mean change in pulp volume and its corresponding root length. The significance level was set at α = 0.05. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients were included, 12 in the piezocision, and 11 in the control group. At the end of the en-masse retraction phase, (mean = 122.74 ± 3.06 days) pulp volume was significantly decreased in all six anterior teeth in both groups (P < 0.01). The decrease in pulp volume was not statistically different between both groups, (P > 0.05). There was a statistically significant but moderate correlation only between the pulp volume change of the right canine and its root length, r = 0.44, P = 0.034. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of piezocision-assisted orthodontic tooth movement on the pulp volume was comparable to the conventional orthodontic treatment. The degree of change in pulp volume does not appear to be related to the amount of root resorption. Trial registration NCT03180151. Registered December 25, 2016, retrospectively registered, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT03180151 .

2.
J Public Health Dent ; 2020 Dec 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349927

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Depression and tooth loss are significant health problems that affect individuals' functionality and quality of life. Comorbidity between depression and oral diseases has been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between depression and tooth loss in a US representative adult sample. METHODS: This study included data from 22,532 adults ≥18 years by combining six 2-year cross-sectional cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) administered between 2005 and 2016. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multinomial logistic regression adjusted for gender, age, race/ethnicity, smoking, education, socioeconomic status, body mass index, diabetes, and alcohol intake. RESULTS: Of the total sample, 4.5 percent were edentulous, 10.3 percent were lacking functional dentition (1-19 remaining teeth) and 85.2 percent had functional dentition (≥20 remaining teeth); among whom, the prevalence of depression was 12.4, 11.7, and 5.9 percent, respectively. Compared to individuals without depression, those with depression were more likely to be edentulous or lacking functional dentition versus having functional dentition (adjusted odds ratios (95% CI): 1.48 (1.16-1.89) and 1.43 (1.18-1.75), respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Depression was associated with edentulism and a lack of functional dentition. Further longitudinal and interventional studies are needed to elucidate the nature and direction of the relationship between depression and tooth loss.

3.
Angle Orthod ; 90(5): 648-654, 2020 09 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378476

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare the amount of en-masse retraction with or without piezocision corticotomy, to assess the type of tooth movement, to evaluate root integrity after retraction, and to record reported pain levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, controlled clinical trial included 26 orthodontic patients requiring premolar extraction. The patients were divided into two groups: (1) an extraction with piezocision corticotomy group (PCG) and (2) an extraction-only group, which served as the control group (CG). Cone-beam computed tomography images were acquired before and 4 months after the initiation of en-masse retraction utilizing miniscrews. The following variables were assessed: the amount of en-masse retraction, incisor inclination, incisor and canine root resorption, and patient-reported pain. RESULTS: Twelve and 11 participants completed the entire study in the PCG and CG, respectively. The amount of en-masse retraction was significantly greater in the PCG compared to the CG (mean = 4.8 ± 0.57 mm vs 2.4 ± 0.33 mm, respectively [P < .001]). There was also significantly less tipping and root resorption of incisors in the PCG (P < .05). The reported pain was significantly higher on the first day in the PCG compared to the CG (P < .001); however, it became similar between the groups after 24 hours. CONCLUSIONS: Piezocision corticotomy enhanced the amount of en-masse retraction two times more with less root resorption. However, future studies are required to assess the long-term effects of this technique.


Asunto(s)
Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Resorción Radicular , Diente Premolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente Premolar/cirugía , Humanos , Incisivo , Resorción Radicular/diagnóstico por imagen , Resorción Radicular/etiología , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
4.
Cranio ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074797

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze bite force distribution in subjects with different occlusal characteristics. METHODS: This prospective study included 132 candidates (50 males, 82 females) seeking orthodontic treatment, who were divided into four groups based on Angle's classification of malocclusion. T-Scan® III Version 7.0 was used to record their relative distribution of bite forces, which were compared using gender, Angle's occlusal classification, overjet, overbite, space analysis, sagittal, and transverse skeletal relations variables. RESULTS: ANOVA revealed significant differences in posterior/anterior bite force ratios between sagittal dental and skeletal relationships, overjet, and overbite groups (p < 0.05). No significant difference was found between different space analysis and transverse relationship groups (p > 0.05) or between genders (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Subjects with Class III, decreased overjet and decreased overbite displayed higher bite force in posterior teeth compared to other groups. This feature must be considered when evaluating patients with dental and periodontal pathologies that might be affected by excessive tooth stress, especially in subjects with oral parafunctions and bruxism.

5.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(12): 1503-1510, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966657

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To analyse occlusion time, occlusal balance and lateral occlusal scheme in subjects with various dental and skeletal characteristics. METHODS: A total of 132 subjects (50 males and 82 females) seeking orthodontic treatment were included in this prospective study. Using the T-Scan III version 7.0 (Tekscan Inc, South Boston, MA, USA), the occlusion time, occlusal balance and lateral occlusal schemes were recorded and compared with gender, Angle's occlusal classification, overjet, overbite, space analysis, skeletal and transverse relations. ANOVA, t test and contingency tables analyses were performed. Statistical significance was set at P < .05. RESULTS: Occlusion time was significantly shorter in subjects with balanced occlusion (0.18 seconds, P < .001), Class I normal occlusion (0.35 seconds, P = .028) and Class I skeletal profile (0.37 seconds, P = .002). Occlusion time was significantly longer in subjects with decreased overjet (0.60 seconds, P = .003). There were significant associations between the distribution of occlusal balance and Angles' classes of occlusion, skeletal relationship, overjet, overbite and space analysis (P < .05). Lateral occlusal schemes were only associated with Angle's classes of occlusion and skeletal relationship (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with Class I occlusion showed the least occlusion time, the most balanced occlusion and a higher frequency of canine guidance. Nonetheless, potentially balanced occlusion and group function were highly prevalent in all groups; therefore, ideal occlusion must be considered an ideal to inspire and aim for, but cannot be considered an essential requirement of every dental treatment.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Maloclusión , Sobremordida , Oclusión Dental , Oclusión Dental Balanceada , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Prospectivos
6.
Ann Saudi Med ; 40(4): 330-337, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757983

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Orthodontic miniscrews are commonly used as temporary anchorage devices. Bone thickness and bone depth are important factors when placing miniscrews. There are no studies to assess the maxillary bone thickness for optimum miniscrew placement in a Saudi population. OBJECTIVE: Assess the proximity of the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity in areas where miniscrews are usually inserted using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional. SETTING: Department of maxillofacial radiology in a Saudi dental school. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using CBCT images, we measured the distance between the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity to the palatal bone, buccal intra-radicular and infrazygomatic crest areas. Mean values (SD) were compared at various locations, including by gender, and correlation with age was calculated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Mean bone thickness at commonly used sites for orthodontic miniscrew placements in the maxilla. Secondary outcome was the insertion angle in the infrazygomatic crest area. SAMPLE SIZE: CBCT images of 100 patients (50 males and 50 females). RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation) age for the sample was 25.4 (6.5) years with no significant difference between males and females. In the palate, the distance to the nasal cavity and maxillary sinus was greater anteriorly and decreased significantly posteriorly (P<.001). Buccally, the interdental bone depth was significantly greater between the second premolar and first molar (11.96 mm) compared to between the central and lateral incisors (7.53 mm, P<.001). The mean bone thickness of the infrazygomatic crest area at a 45° insertion angle was 4.94 mm compared to 3.90 at a 70° insertion angle (P<.001). No correlation was found between age and bone thickness. CONCLUSION: The distance to the nasal cavity and maxillary sinus was greater in the anterior than posterior areas. There is minimal risk of injuring the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity using the buccal approach. Caution is needed when placing miniscrews in the infrazygomatic crest area. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional study from one center; hence, findings cannot be generalized to other populations. CONFLICT OF INTEREST: None.

7.
Saudi Dent J ; 32(5): 219-223, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32647468

RESUMEN

Granulomatous diseases may present with oral manifestations that are detectable by dental care providers. In certain cases, oral manifestations may precede systemic signs and symptoms. Dentists managing patients with these conditions may modify the dental treatment plan and possibly retain the support of other health professionals. This review gives an update on granulomatous diseases that can be faced by the dental practitioner.

8.
Ann Saudi Med ; 40(3): 200-206, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493027

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There are limited data from Saudi Arabia on the prevalence and characteristics of maxillary sinus septa. OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence and morphological characteristics of septa in the maxillary sinus and their relationship to gender and age using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: CBCT images acquired from the maxillofacial radiology department in a dental school. PATIENT AND METHODS: CBCT scans of 1010 maxillary sinuses from 505 patients were analyzed to determine the prevalence, location, type, and orientation of maxillary sinus septa. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and t tests were used to analyze the data. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The prevalence, location, type, and orientation of maxillary sinus septa. SAMPLE SIZE: 1010 sinuses from 505 patients. RESULT: Approximately 46% of the studied patients had maxillary septa, which were present in 370 (37%) sinuses. About 64% of the septa were present on the right side and 85.7% of all septa were mediolater-ally oriented. The mean height of the septa was 6.06 mm (0.84) in the right sinuses and 5.70 mm (0.93) in the left sinuses. Multiple septa were found in 101 patients (20%). Among males, 58.5% had septa compared to 34% of females (P<.001.) A significant positive association was found between age and the presence and number of septa, P<.001. CONCLUSIONS: Maxillary sinus septa were highly prevalent with various heights and directions among the studied sample. Careful assessment of different anatomic variation must be conducted prior to any maxillary sinus augmentation, particularly in older patients. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional evaluation of CBCT images from one dental school patient population; thus, the findings cannot be generalized to other populations. CONFLICT OF INTEREST: None.

9.
Sleep Breath ; 2020 Jun 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583273

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Sleep deficiency is implicated as a risk factor for several systemic conditions. Loss of teeth has a profound effect on the individual's physiologic and psychologic health and quality of life. This study aimed to assess the association between tooth loss and sleep duration and determine if anterior and/or posterior tooth loss is a significant predictor. METHODS: A total of 22,483 individuals ≥ 18 years who participated in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2016 cycles were included. Multinomial logistic regression adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, smoking, diabetes, body mass index, socioeconomic level, education, alcohol, and depression was performed to examine the association between sleep duration and tooth loss. RESULTS: Compared to individuals with > 20 remaining teeth, those who were completely edentulous, had 1-10 or 11-20 teeth remaining were more likely to be in the deficient sleep category (OR [95% CI] = 1.59 [1.35-1.87], 1.29 [1.07-1.54], and 1.26 [1.11-1.43], respectively). When the numbers of both missing anterior and posterior teeth were entered in the model, only posterior teeth were significant. There was a 4% increase in the odds of being in the deficient sleep category for each missing posterior tooth (OR [95% CI] = 1.04 [1.02-1.05]). CONCLUSIONS: Tooth loss was significantly associated with deficient sleep and posterior tooth loss appeared to be the main contributor. Although further research is needed to clarify the nature of this association, our results suggest that improving oral health might have an impact on overall health and quality of life.

10.
Angle Orthod ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213146

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare the amount of en-masse retraction with or without piezocision corticotomy, to assess the type of tooth movement, to evaluate root integrity after retraction, and to record reported pain levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, controlled clinical trial included 26 orthodontic patients requiring premolar extraction. The patients were divided into two groups: (1) an extraction with piezocision corticotomy group (PCG) and (2) an extraction-only group, which served as the control group (CG). Cone-beam computed tomography images were acquired before and 4 months after the initiation of en-masse retraction utilizing miniscrews. The following variables were assessed: the amount of en-masse retraction, incisor inclination, incisor and canine root resorption, and patient-reported pain. RESULTS: Twelve and 11 participants completed the entire study in the PCG and CG, respectively. The amount of en-masse retraction was significantly greater in the PCG compared to the CG (mean = 4.8 ± 0.57 mm vs 2.4 ± 0.33 mm, respectively [P < .001]). There was also significantly less tipping and root resorption of incisors in the PCG (P < .05). The reported pain was significantly higher on the first day in the PCG compared to the CG (P < .001); however, it became similar between the groups after 24 hours. CONCLUSIONS: Piezocision corticotomy enhanced the amount of en-masse retraction two times more with less root resorption. However, future studies are required to assess the long-term effects of this technique.

11.
Saudi Dent J ; 31(4): 417-423, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695292

RESUMEN

Aim: Because the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids has several restrictions, this review evaluates the efficacy and safety of acetaminophen and caffeine for the management of dental pain. Methods: A search of the literature was carried out looking for randomized controlled trials on the use of acetaminophen and caffeine for the management of dental pain, performed on humans and written in English, Italian, French or Arabic languages. The following databases were searched: PubMed, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Ovid Medline and Scopus. Results: Three controlled clinical trials were retrieved and evaluated by using the Study Quality Assessment Tool of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Conclusion: The use of acetaminophen and caffeine appears to be effective in achieving good control of acute dental pain compared to placebo and other analgesic medications, but clinical recommendations cannot be made for the limited number of studies assessed.

12.
Cranio ; : 1-7, 2019 Sep 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530110

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the role of oral myofunctional therapy for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders. Methods: A search of the literature was carried out looking for randomized controlled trials performed on humans and written in English, Italian, French, and Arabic. Results: Four randomized controlled trials were found and evaluated by using the Study Quality Assessment Tool of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Oral myofunctional therapy was shown to be effective for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders, alone or associated with other treatments, in three out of four studies, with significant reduction of pain intensity when compared to other conservative treatments and no treatment. Discussion: Even though scientific evidence is weak, oral myofunctional therapy appears to be effective for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders with favorable cost-benefit and risk-benefit ratios.

13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 5405376, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29619373

RESUMEN

Objective: The aim was to evaluate differences in the cervical vertebral skeletal maturity of unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and non-cleft lip/palate (non-CLP) Saudi male orthodontic patients. Method: This cross-sectional multicenter study took place at the dental school, King Saud University and King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between October 2014 and September 2015. The records of Saudi male orthodontic patients with UCLP (n = 69) were collected. Cervical vertebral maturation was assessed using their cephalometric radiographs. The records of 138 age-matched non-CLP Saudi male orthodontic patients served as controls. Results: There was a significant difference in skeletal maturity between the UCLP and non-CLP groups, as evident in the delayed skeletal development among the UCLP participants. Moreover, pubertal growth spurt onset was significantly earlier in the non-cleft participants in comparison with the UCLP participants (p = 0.009). Conclusions: There is delayed skeletal maturity among the UCLP Saudi male population in comparison with their non-CLP age-matched peers.


Asunto(s)
Vértebras Cervicales/patología , Labio Leporino/patología , Fisura del Paladar/patología , Ortodoncia , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Arabia Saudita
14.
J Orthod Sci ; 6(2): 47-53, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28546957

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the dental age in Saudi children from panoramic radiographs using the Demirjian method to estimate their chronological age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study consisted of 1902 panoramic radiographs of 955 boys and 947 girls between the ages of 3-17 years. All children were placed in the age group closest to their chronological age. The dental age was scored on all seven left mandibular teeth by calibrated examiners. Bivariate analyses using the t-test and Pearson correlation were performed. RESULTS: There was significant difference in both boys and girls in all the age groups between their chronological age and dental age. Even though there was a slight overestimation in boys in some age groups and slight underestimation in girls in some groups, correlation analysis showed that there was a highly significant correlation between the chronological age and dental age for both boys (r2 = 0.96, P < 0.001) and girls (r2 = 0.98, P < 0.001). Moreover, correlation analyses for each age group showed a significant correlation between the chronological age and the dental age, using the Demirjian method, in most age groups (P < 0.01). When comparing the maturation score between boys and girls, the Student's t-test showed that there were no statistical differences between boys and girls in most age groups. CONCLUSION: Saudi boys and girls living in the western region of Saudi Arabia exhibited similar pattern of dental development when compared to the Demirjian method. Hence, the Demirjian method could be used as reference in children from the western region of Saudi Arabia.

15.
J Clin Diagn Res ; 11(1): ZC118-ZC121, 2017 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28274060

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Understanding the changes in bone density of patients affected by aggressive periodontitis could be useful in early disease detection and proper treatment planning. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare alveolar bone density in patients affected with aggressive periodontitis and periodontally healthy individuals using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 20 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of aggressive periodontitis. Twenty periodontally healthy patients attending the dental clinics for implant placement or extraction of impacted third molars served as controls. Alveolar bone density was measured using CBCT scanning. Comparisons between aggressive periodontitis group and controls for age and alveolar bone density of the anterior and posterior regions were performed using an independent sample t-test. Multivariable linear regression models were also performed. RESULTS: The differences between groups in regard to age, anterior and posterior alveolar bone density was not statistically significant (p<0.05). In the posterior region, the multivariable regression model showed that bone density was not associated with age, gender or the study groups. Whereas, in the anterior region, patient's age was found to be significantly associated with bone density, p=0.014. CONCLUSION: Alveolar bone density as measured by CBCT in aggressive periodontitis patients was not different from periodontally healthy individuals. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

16.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 18(4): 300-306, 2017 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28349908

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and periodontal diseases are all induced by oral biofilm (dental plaque). This study was conducted to evaluate if fluoride-impregnated miswak is as effective in plaque removal and fluoride release as toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind, randomized, crossover study was conducted at the Department of Cariology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, from February 2010 to January 2011. Fifteen healthy subjects participated in this study. The participants were instructed to use the following: (1) 0.5% NaF-impregnated miswak, (2) nonfluoridated miswak, (3) toothbrush with nonfluoride toothpaste, and (4) toothbrush with 1450 ppm fluoride toothpaste. Each method was used twice a day for 1 week after which plaque amount and fluoride concentration in resting saliva were measured. There was a 1-week washout period between each method. RESULTS: No significant difference between miswak and tooth-brushing was found regarding plaque removal on buccal and lingual surfaces. A somewhat higher fluoride concentration in resting saliva was found after using impregnated miswak when compared with toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Miswak and toothbrushing showed the same plaque removing effect on buccal and lingual surfaces. Miswak impregnated with 0.5% NaF resulted in a higher concentration of fluoride in saliva than brushing with 1450 ppm fluoride toothpaste. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Miswak impregnated with 0.5% NaF and toothbrushing results in comparable plaque removal and about the same fluoride concentration in saliva even it was somewhat higher for impregnated miswak.


Asunto(s)
Placa Dental/terapia , Fluoruros/uso terapéutico , Higiene Bucal/instrumentación , Cepillado Dental , Pastas de Dientes/uso terapéutico , Adulto , Estudios Cruzados , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Higiene Bucal/métodos , Método Simple Ciego
17.
Saudi Med J ; 38(1): 36-40, 2017 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28042628

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between the presence of periapical lesions (PL) and levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with type 2 diabetes.  Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between September 2013 and February 2015. Medical and dental history and Sociodemographic data were obtained from participants. Dental and periodontal examinations were conducted and blood samples were obtained to determine levels of HbA1c and CRP. The presence of PL was recorded from panoramic and periapical radiographs. Descriptive statistics and multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used for data analyses.  Results: One hundred patients were included; mean age was 48.9 ± 8.5 years. Of these patients, 14% had no PL, whereas 25% had one or 2 lesions, 32% had 3 or 4 lesions, and 29% had ≥5 PL. The mean HbA1c was 9.8% (± 2.5) mg/L and CRP was 6.9 mg/L (± 6.3). The presence of PL was significantly associated with a higher level of HbA1c independent of age, gender, probing depth, and plaque index (p=0.023). Individuals with PL were also more likely to have a high CRP level (greater than 3 mg/L) independent of the previous covariates (odds ratio: 1.19; 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.41).  Conclusion: Periapical lesions are associated with a poorer glycemic control and a higher CRP level in type 2 diabetic patients.


Asunto(s)
Proteína C-Reactiva/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Hemoglobina A Glucada/metabolismo , Enfermedades Periapicales/sangre , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
18.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 74(6): 456-9, 2016 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27306861

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of maxillary lateral incisor agenesis and associated skeletal characteristics in an orthodontic patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of the 1066 patients seeking orthodontic treatment were screened for maxillary lateral incisor agenesis (MLIA). The following data were recorded for each subject: age; gender; unilateral or bilateral agenesis of MLI and side. The lateral cephalogram of each subject with MLIA was digitally traced. The data were compared to age-matched control orthodontic patients with skeletal Class I. RESULTS: The prevalence of maxillary lateral incisor agenesis was 4.9% (52 patients) in which 63.5% were females. There was a significant difference between MLIA patients and controls in sagittal relationships (ANB, Wits, AB plane, angle of convexity and Co-A/Co-Gn differential analyses) p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with maxillary lateral incisor agenesis showed a significant tendency for skeletal Class III compared with the Class I control. This could be attributed to maxillary hypoplasia/retrognathia.


Asunto(s)
Anomalías Múltiples/epidemiología , Anomalías Dentarias/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Incisivo/anomalías , Masculino , Maxilar , Prevalencia , Suecia/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
19.
Saudi Med J ; 36(11): 1336-41, 2015 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26593168

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of using routine 2-dimensional (2D) radiographs (panoramic and periapical) when evaluating the position of orthodontic temporary anchorage devices (mini-implants) in the maxilla, and to compare the results to 3-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Dentistry, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from February 2014 to January 2015. Panoramic and periapical radiographs were used to examine the position of mini-implants in relation to the adjacent roots. Rating of mini-implants position was performed by 82 dentists from different specialties, using 2D images according to the following criteria: 1) away from the root; 2) mini-implant tip appears touching the lamina dura; and 3) mini-implant overlays the lamina dura. The results were compared with CBCT findings. RESULTS: There was no difference between dentists from different specialties when rating the position of the mini-implants (Cronbach's alpha=0.956). The accuracy of the periapical images was 45.1%, while the panoramic images 33.6%. However, both panoramic and periapical radiographs were significantly inaccurate when assessing the mini-implant position when compared with the CBCT findings (p=0.0001). CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional CBCT technology allows better visualization of mini-implant placement. The use of CBCT when assessing the position of mini-implants is recommended.


Asunto(s)
Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico/métodos , Implantes Dentales , Maxilar/cirugía , Radiografía Dental/métodos , Humanos
20.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 9: 1153-8, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26316719

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study patients' acceptance of corticotomy-assisted orthodontics as a treatment option. METHODS: Adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment were asked to complete two sets of questionnaires; the first set included questions about age, sex, and level of education and general questions about orthodontic treatment; and the second set was related to the corticotomy-assisted orthodontics. Before answering the corticotomy questions, a brief description of the clinical procedure was explained and photographs of an actual procedure were shown. RESULTS: A total of 150 subjects were approached and 129 (86%) agreed to answer the questionnaires (72 male and 57 female patients). Of these, only 3.1% did hear about corticotomy and 7.8% selected corticotomy instead of extraction. Fear from the surgery (53.2%) was the most frequent reason for not selecting corticotomy followed by fear from pain (36.9%). The acceptance of corticotomy between males and females was similar. No relationship was found between the level of education and prior knowledge of the procedure, P=0.857. Prior knowledge about corticotomy was not a factor in selecting it as a treatment option (P=0.556) to reduce the treatment time (P=0.427). CONCLUSION: The acceptance of corticotomy-assisted orthodontics as a treatment option was low. Fear from the surgery was the main reason for not selecting it. The acceptance of corticotomy-assisted orthodontics was not related to patient's level of education or sex.

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