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1.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781032

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the Effects of different dusting methods on pathological changes and cytokines in rat lung tissue. Methods: 84 healthy male SPF Wistar rats, were randomly divided into control group and dynamic dusting group, tracheal perfusion group, On the day 3, 14, 28, and 60 after the dust exposure, 7 rats in each group were randomly selected and killed. Record the weight of rats and calculate the lung coefficient; Observe the pathological changes of lung tissue by HE staining, Evaluate the pulmonary collagen fibrosis by Masson staining, observe The changes of area ratio of collagen fibers in lung tissue Sirius scarlet staining, Use enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect the content of transforming growth factor (TGF) -ß1 and hydroxyproline (HYP) in lung tissue homogenate. Results: After the rats were exposed to dust, the dynamic dusting group and the tracheal perfusion group varied significantly in lung histopathology at four time points, and alveolar inflammation and Pulmonary fibrosis scores were higher than the control group (P<0.05) ; The percentage of type I and type III collagen fiber area of tracheal perfusion group was higher than that in the dynamic dusting group in the four time points (P<0.05) ; The content of TGF-ß1 in lung tissue homogenate of rats in the tracheal perfusion group was higher than that in the dynamic dusting group on the day 3 and 14 (P<0.05) ; The content of Hyp in the tracheal perfusion group was higher than that in the dynamic dusting group on the day 28 (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The acute lung injury of rats can be caused by dynamic dusting group and tracheal perfusion group. The lung histopathology shows inflammation and fibrosis, but the lung tissue injury of rats is more serious and the pathological changes are more obvious.


Asunto(s)
Citocinas , Fibrosis Pulmonar , Animales , Polvo , Pulmón , Masculino , Ratas , Ratas Wistar , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta1
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(13): 939-944, 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789375

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the possible fusion genes with high-throughput transcriptome sequencing in myeloid leukemia patients with normal karyotype. Methods: From May 2017 to January 2019, three cases of myeloid leukemia patients with normal karyotype and negative for common fusion genes from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University were selected as the research objects. The transcriptome sequencing of bone marrow mononuclear cells was performed by high-throughput gene sequencing technology. Defuse software was used to analyze the gene fusion sequence in the transcriptome data, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Sanger sequencing were used to verify the fusion gene with clear pathological significance. Results: All three patients were diagnosed with myeloid leukemia by clinical manifestations, bone marrow cell morphology, immunology, and histochemical staining. Cytogenetic tests showed normal chromosome karyotypes. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and RT-PCR were used to detect BCR-ABL1, PML-RARA, and other common fusion genes. The results were all negative. Transcriptome sequencing and fusion transcripts analysis revealed that these three patients carried rare fusion genes with clear pathological significance, which included BCR-FGFR1, CPSF6-RARG, and NUP98-RARG, respectively. Conclusion: Transcriptome sequencing can accurately analyze rare but pathologically significant fusion genes that may exist in myeloid leukemia patients with normal karyotypes.


Asunto(s)
Leucemia Mieloide , Transcriptoma , Fusión Génica , Humanos , Hibridación Fluorescente in Situ , Cariotipo , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa de Transcriptasa Inversa
3.
Poult Sci ; 100(4): 101028, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647719

RESUMEN

Acanthopanax senticosus (AS) is a well-known, highly effective traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Polysaccharides extracted from AS (ASPS) have multiple pharmacologic and biological activities with potential use as additives in broiler chicken feed. This trial evaluated the effects of dietary ASPS on growth performance, immune function, antioxidation, and ileal microbial populations in broiler chickens. A total of 240 1-day-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks were randomly divided into 4 groups, with 10 replicates of 6 chicks and fed a corn- and soybean-based diet supplemented with 0, 1, 2, or 4 g/kg ASPS. Compared with the control group, supplementation with 1 g/kg ASPS increased ADG and ADFI in the finisher and overall periods and decreased the feed conversion ratio in the finisher period (both P < 0.05). Serum IgA and IgM were significantly increased by supplementation with 1 and 2 g/kg of ASPS (P < 0.05). Superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities were increased and malondialdehyde concentration was decreased in birds fed ASPS-supplemented diets compared with those in the control group (P < 0.05). Polysaccharides extracted from AS supplementation increased Lactobacillus and decreased Escherichia coli and Salmonella counts in the ileal contents compared with the control diet (both P < 0.05). The results show that dietary ASPS improved growth performance, immune status, and antioxidant capacity and stimulated the growth of beneficial gut bacteria in broiler chickens. In conclusion, ASPS was effective as a natural additive in broiler chicken feed; 1 g/kg can be considered as the optimum dosage.

4.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730804

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the application value of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) with the multidisciplinary team (MDT) model in laryngeal cancer surgery. Methods: Eighty patients with laryngeal cancer treated in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from May 2016 to June 2017 were selected, including 76 males and 4 females, aged 45 to 75 years old. By random number table method, they were divided into ERAS group (40 cases) and control group (40 cases). Visual analogue scale (VAS), general comfort questionnaire (GCQ) and self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) were used to evaluate the symptoms and signs and psychological state of the two groups before and after operation. Mann Whitney U test was used for non-normal distribution data, and chi square test, Fisher exact probability method and covariance analysis were used for classification data. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used for the comparison of each group at different time points. Results: Two cases in the ERAS group and six cases in the control group withdrew from the study for some reason. Finally, 38 cases in the ERAS group and 34 cases in the control group were enrolled in this study. The postoperative pain scores of the two groups were the highest at 6 h after operation, and then gradually decreased. At different time points after operation, the pain scores of ERAS group were lower than those of the control group. At 24 h after operation, the pain relief degree of ERAS group was significantly higher than that of the control group, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Compared to control group, ERAS group had lower preoperative thirst score [(0.15±0.36) vs. (4.29±1.17), Z=-7.695, P<0.001] and hunger score [(0.38±0.49) vs. (3.44±1.13), Z=-7.426, P<0.001]. The total number of postoperative adverse reactions (8 vs.16), oral feeding time [(4.06±4.42) d vs. (9.06±2.42) d] and postoperative hospital stay [(5.91±0.97) d vs. (11.03±2.11)d] in ERAS group were lower than those in control group (statistics 5.461, -4.558, -7.347, P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in postoperative catheter indwelling time and neck drainage tube indwelling time between the two groups (P>0.05). Before discharge, the comfort of ERAS group was significantly higher than that of control group [(60.37±8.78) vs. (50.38±8.08), Z=-4.370, P<0.001]. Before discharge, the anxiety level of ERAS group decreased, while that of the control group increased significantly, which was higher than that of ERAS Group [(59.12±6.43) vs. (52.62±6.25), Z=-4.179, P<0.001]. Conclusion: The application of multidisciplinary ERAS in laryngeal cancer surgery can improve preoperative hunger and thirst, postoperative pain and mental state, shorten the length of hospital stay and reduce postoperative adverse reactions.


Asunto(s)
Recuperación Mejorada Después de la Cirugía , Neoplasias Laríngeas , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirugía , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Atención Perioperativa , Periodo Posoperatorio
6.
Nature ; 591(7851): 599-603, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762765

RESUMEN

Terrestrial ecosystems remove about 30 per cent of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by human activities each year1, yet the persistence of this carbon sink depends partly on how plant biomass and soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks respond to future increases in atmospheric CO2 (refs. 2,3). Although plant biomass often increases in elevated CO2 (eCO2) experiments4-6, SOC has been observed to increase, remain unchanged or even decline7. The mechanisms that drive this variation across experiments remain poorly understood, creating uncertainty in climate projections8,9. Here we synthesized data from 108 eCO2 experiments and found that the effect of eCO2 on SOC stocks is best explained by a negative relationship with plant biomass: when plant biomass is strongly stimulated by eCO2, SOC storage declines; conversely, when biomass is weakly stimulated, SOC storage increases. This trade-off appears to be related to plant nutrient acquisition, in which plants increase their biomass by mining the soil for nutrients, which decreases SOC storage. We found that, overall, SOC stocks increase with eCO2 in grasslands (8 ± 2 per cent) but not in forests (0 ± 2 per cent), even though plant biomass in grasslands increase less (9 ± 3 per cent) than in forests (23 ± 2 per cent). Ecosystem models do not reproduce this trade-off, which implies that projections of SOC may need to be revised.

7.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(3): 201-206, 2021 Mar 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677882

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of notochordal tumors. Methods: The clinical, radiologic and pathologic data of 48 notochordal tumors were collected from 2008 to 2019 at Shanghai Jiaotong University Sixth People's Hospital. Expression of cytokertin, S-100 protein, vimentin, brachyury and INI1 was detected by immunohistochemistry. The pathologic differential diagnoses and biologic behavior of various types of notochordal tumors were analyzed using the new standard in the 5th edition of WHO tumor classification. Results: Four cases of benign notochordal cell tumor were confined to vertebral body. Histopathologically, they lacked lobular architecture and extracellular myxoid matrix. The tumor cells were vacuolated and had centrally or peripherally located round to oval nuclei, with small nucleoli, without atypia, mimicking mature adipocytes. No mitotic figures were seen. Two cases of poorly differentiated chordoma, from patients aged 12 years and 21 years respectively, were located in cervical vertebra, and were composed of cohesive sheets or nests of epithelioid cells, with focal rhabdoid morphology. There was relatively abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and scattered cytoplasmic vacuoles. The moderately pleomorphic nuclei were round to ovoid with vesicular chromatin and mitotic figures could be seen. Extracellular myxoid stroma was observed focally. Forty cases of conventional chordoma and two cases of extra-axis chordoma had similar histologic features. All 48 cases expressed cytokeretin, 45 cases expressed brachyury, and two poorly differentiated tumors showed loss of INI1/SMARCB1. Conclusions: There are four subtypes of chordomas: conventional, dedifferentiated, poorly differentiated and extra-axis. Chondroid chordoma is no longer thought to be a distinct entity. Each type has its unique clinicopathological characteristics. Brachyury is highly specific and sensitive for the diagnosis of various notochordal tumors. Poorly differentiated chordoma shows distinct clinicopathological features, including young age and loss of immunohistochemical expression of INI1/SMARCB1, and its diagnosis requires the combined detection of brachyury and INI1/SMARCB1.


Asunto(s)
Cordoma , Neoplasias de los Tejidos Blandos , Neoplasias de la Columna Vertebral , Biomarcadores de Tumor , Niño , China , Humanos , Inmunohistoquímica , Proteína SMARCB1 , Neoplasias de la Columna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagen
9.
J Dent Res ; : 22034521994756, 2021 Mar 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33703950

RESUMEN

Oral mucositis and taste dysfunction are frequently complained by patients with head and neck cancer receiving radiotherapy, challenging the clinical outcome of cancer treatment. Recent studies have indicated the protective role of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling in radiation-induced oral mucositis (RIOM) and its pivotal role in the development and self-renewal of taste buds. The current study hypothesizes that lithium chloride (LiCl), a potent activator of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, can promote the postirradiation restoration of oral mucosa integrity and taste function. To validate this hypothesis, we established a RIOM mouse model and evaluated the treatment efficacy of LiCl on oral mucositis and taste dysfunction in comparison with keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), an agent approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for oral mucositis. The results showed that LiCl alleviated the weight loss and tongue ulceration of RIOM mice, promoted proliferation of basal epithelial cells, and inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal transition in tongue mucosa. More important, elevated taste bud renewal and dysgeusia recovery toward sweetness were observed in RIOM mice treated with LiCl as compared to those treated by KGF. Collectively, our data demonstrate that LiCl can mitigate oral mucositis and rescue taste alteration induced by irradiation, and activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling may represent a promising therapy to improve the quality of life of patients receiving radiotherapy.

12.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(3): 222-227, 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685057

RESUMEN

Objective: To examine the efficacy of docetaxel, carboplatin plus trastuzumab regimen (TCH) as neoadjuvant setting in early-stage human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive breast cancer. Methods: Totally 522 patients diagnosed with early-stage HER2 positive breast cancer at Breast Disease Center, Peking University First Hospital between January 2013 to December 2018 were enrolled, which constituted 21.8% (522/2 394) of early-stage invasive breast cancer. Clinical pathological factors were retrospectively analyzed. There were 113 female patients underwent TCH neoadjuvant chemotherapy, aging 52(13) years (range: 23 to 69 years). Pathologic complete pathological response(pCR) was defined as ypT0N0M0, and the rate of pCR was calculated. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used for survival comparison. Results: Patients who received trastuzumab-based therapy(n=294) had higher disease-free survival (DFS) compared with those who omitted trastuzumab(n=177) (84.4% vs. 72.4%, χ²=4.095, P=0.046). Eighteen of 113 patients (15.9%) experienced grade 3 to 4 chemotherapy-realted toxicity. Grade 3 to 4 neutropenia occurred in 12 patients, while grade 3 to 4 diarrhea occurred in 6 patients. Thirty-one of 113 (27.4%) patients achieved pCR. DFS and overall survival (OS) were similar between patients who achieved pCR and non-pCR (DFS: 91.8% vs. 85.0%, OS: 92.5% vs. 90.5%, all P>0.05). According to Miller-Payne system, patients who achieved G4 to G5 had improved DFS compared with G1 to G3 (89.6% vs. 81.5%, χ²=5.340, P=0.021), but they had similar OS (91.4% vs. 89.1%, χ²=1.008, P=0.315). Conclusions: TCH is an effective regimen in neoadjuvant setting for patients with HER2 positive breast cancer. Patients who achieved G4 to G5 had improved DFS.

13.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(3): 269-275, 2021 Mar 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706462

RESUMEN

Objective: To compare trends in congenital heart disease (CHD) mortality between China and North America from 1990 to 2017. Methods: Using the data from the Global Burden Of Disease (GBD) study 2017, we analyzed the related indicators of CHD mortality in China and North America from 1990 to 2017, including standardized mortality, number of deaths, age distribution of death population and age-specific mortality of CHD in each birth cohort. Age-period-cohort model was used to calculate the annual percent change of age-standardized and age-specific mortality rates of CHD (% per year), period effect-adjusted age-specific mortality rates, and the relative risk of death among CHD population at different time periods (2000-2004 as reference period) and different birth cohorts (1970 as reference cohort). Results: In 2017, the age-standardized mortality rates for CHD in China and North America were 2.63/100 000 and 1.13/100 000 respectively, a decrease of 50.4% and 49.4% compared to 1990. Of all deaths from CHD in China, 76.8% were found in children under 5 years, which was higher than that in North America (51.7%). For population under 40 years, the period effect-adjusted age-specific mortality was higher in China (0.46-167.94 per 100 000 person-years) than in North America (0.68-22.47 per 100 000 person-years); whereas for population over 40 years, mortality was lower in China (0.13-0.34/100 000 person years) than in North America (0.43-0.72/100 000 person-years).From 1990 to 2017, CHD mortality in China decreased by 1.95% per year. The annual decrease of mortality ranged from 1.95% to 3.64% per year in population under 45 years, but the mortality showed increasing trends among those over 50 years. In 2015-2019, the relative risk of death from CHD decreased by 31% in China and 24% in North America. For 2015 birth cohort, the relative risk of death decreased by 84% in China and by 64% in North America. Conclusions: In the past 30 years, the risk of death from CHD in China has significantly decreased, and the survival gap with North America is dramatically narrowed. However, mortality is higher among younger populations in China than in North America, and the mortality in the elders shows increasing trends each year in China.

15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(4): 2013-2020, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660813

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: LncRNA XIST has been reported to act as diverse function in different human diseases. Our study is designed to detect the role of lncRNA XIST and the regulatory mechanisms of XIST/miR-486-5p/GAB2 in cerebral I/R injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our article, SH-SY5Y cells were treated with oxygen-glucose deprivation reperfusion (OGDR) to mimic I/R injury. RT-qPCR assay was performed to detect the mRNA expression of XIST, GAB2 and miR-486-5p. The correlation between XIST and miR-486-5p, miR-486-5p and GAB2 were verified by RT-qPCR assay and Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. MTT assay was used to detect cell viability of SH-SY5Y cells treated with I/R. The protein expression of GAB2, apoptosis-related proteins (Bax/Bcl-2) were explored by Western blot assay. RESULTS: XIST and GAB2 were significantly highly expressed, while miR-486-5p was low expressed in SH-SY5Y cells under I/R. XIST exacerbated the oxidative damage of I/R cells. Moreover, XIST was found to restrain cell viability and induce cell apoptosis. For our experiment, miR-486-5p was a target of XIST, and GAB2 was a downstream gene of miR-486-5p. Furthermore, miR-486-5p mimic promoted cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis, while XIST co-transfection reversed the effect of miR-486-5p. In addition, XIST was found to impair the inhibitory effect of miR-486-5p on expression of GAB2 in I/R cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that XIST promoted cerebral I/R injury via modulating miR-486-5p and GAB2.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(11): 798-802, 2021 Mar 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765721

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the expression of cell proliferating nuclear antigen (Ki67) and cytokeratin 19 (Ck19) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and correlation with the clinicopathological features and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: The data of 203 newly diagnosed HCC patients in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to October 2019 were retrospectively collected, and the expression of Ki67 and Ck19 and ADC values in all patients were analyzed. The relationship between Ki67 and Ck19 and the clinical pathological characteristics of the patient, and calculate the difference and correlation with the ADC value was analyzed. Results: There were statistically significant differences in tumor vascular tumor thrombus, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), postoperative tumor recurrence, lymph node metastasis, and HCC differentiation between Ki67 positive and negative groups (χ²=5.156, 12.741, 29.925, 3.963, 77.408, all P<0.05),and negatively correlated with ADC value (r=-0.214, P=0.002). The average ADC value of HCC in the low Ki67 group was significantly higher than that of the high Ki67 group (1 089±280 vs 1 009±212, P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in tumor vascular tumor thrombus, AFP, postoperative tumor recurrence, and lymph node metastasis between Ck19 positive and negative groups (χ²=9.058, 27.034, 4.053, 14.187, all P<0.05), but not correlated with ADC value (r=0.062, P=0.380). The expression differences of Ki67 and Ck19 in different HCC recurrence time groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The positive expression of Ki67 and Ck19 in HCC was associated with the prognosis and recurrence of HCC. CK19 was not correlated with the ADC value, while Ki67 was negatively correlated with the ADC value, indicating that ADC value could provide certain imaging information for the biological characteristics of preoperative HCC.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Imagen de Difusión por Resonancia Magnética , Humanos , Queratina-19 , Antígeno Ki-67 , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Estudios Retrospectivos
17.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(4): 305-310, 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775050

RESUMEN

Objective: To preliminarily establish the multidisciplinary cooperative vaccination management model for pediatric patients with hematological and oncological diseases, and to explore its feasibility. Methods: In this prospective study a total of 150 children with hematological and oncological diseases visited immunization clinic of Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 2017 to August 2018 were enrolled in this study. After establishing the multidisciplinary team, designing vaccination plan, staff training, implementation and quality control, a multidisciplinary immunization clinic was set up and the vaccination plan were implemented. The implementation rate of vaccination immunization, the HBsAb level and serum hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) level before and after treatment, the HBsAb level and serum immunoglobulin G antibody (IgG) levels of measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) before and 6 months after immunization, the vaccine-related adverse reactions were assessed prospectively. Chi-square test or Fisher exact test was used to compare the differences of antibody level. Results: A total of 124 cases had been vaccinated as planned, with a coverage rate of 82.7%. Among these cases, the difference of HBsAb positive rate before and after treatment was significant (62.9% (78/124) vs.13.7% (17/124), χ²= 63.489, P<0.01). In 64 cases that completed three doses of hepatitis B immunization, there was a significant difference in HBsAb positive rate before and 6 months after immunization (6.3% (4/64) vs. 98.4% (63/64), P<0.01). In 40 cases that completed MMR immunization, the IgG antibody positive rate for measles (22.5% (9/40) vs. 82.5% (33/40), χ²=31.746,P<0.01), mumps (22.5% (9/40) vs.82.5% (33/40), χ²=28.872,P<0.01), rubella (25.0% (10/40) vs.62.5% (25/40), χ²=11.429, P<0.01) before and 6 months after immunization were significantly different. Of the 421 doses of immunization, 25 (5.9%) doses reported controlled systemic or local adverse event. Conclusions: The immunization of pediatric patients with hematological and oncological diseases is of great importance. The newly-developed multidisciplinary cooperation immunization model for Chinese children with hematological and oncological diseases is feasible, and the immunization protocol is safe and has a certain effect.


Asunto(s)
Sarampión , Paperas , Anticuerpos Antivirales , Niño , China , Humanos , Lactante , Vacuna contra el Sarampión-Parotiditis-Rubéola , Estudios Prospectivos , Vacunación
18.
Sci Adv ; 7(12)2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741591

RESUMEN

Neuronal tau reduction confers resilience against ß-amyloid and tau-related neurotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. Here, we introduce a novel translational approach to lower expression of the tau gene MAPT at the transcriptional level using gene-silencing zinc finger protein transcription factors (ZFP-TFs). Following a single administration of adeno-associated virus (AAV), either locally into the hippocampus or intravenously to enable whole-brain transduction, we selectively reduced tau messenger RNA and protein by 50 to 80% out to 11 months, the longest time point studied. Sustained tau lowering was achieved without detectable off-target effects, overt histopathological changes, or molecular alterations. Tau reduction with AAV ZFP-TFs was able to rescue neuronal damage around amyloid plaques in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (APP/PS1 line). The highly specific, durable, and controlled knockdown of endogenous tau makes AAV-delivered ZFP-TFs a promising approach for the treatment of tau-related human brain diseases.

19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(5): 2193-2198, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755956

RESUMEN

Breast cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest incidence in women. The standard treatment for early breast cancer is radical surgery combined with radiotherapy, but many studies have shown that adjuvant radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery combined with silicone prosthesis reconstruction is gradually expected to become the new standard treatment because this method can obtain a good local tumor control rate, and has a cosmetic effect. Compared with myocutaneous flap reconstruction, silicone prosthesis implantation has the advantages of less trauma, simple operation, beautiful appearance, and no overlap of donor areas during reconstruction. It is a safe and feasible surgical method without worrying about necrosis and atrophy of myocutaneous flap. This emerging combination therapy may become the best mode of early breast cancer treatment.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(5): 2281-2290, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755965

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of tachycardia. The major injury caused by AF is a systemic embolism. Although AF therapies have evolved substantially, the success rate of sinus rhythm maintenance is relatively low. The reason is the incomplete understanding of the AF mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset (GSE79768) was downloaded. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by bioinformatic analysis. Enriched terms and pathways were identified by gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed to determine regulatory genes. CytoHubba and the Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) algorithm were used to identify potential hub genes and important modules. The Predicting Associated Transcription Factors From Annotated Affinities (PASTAA) method was used to predict transcription factors (TFs). RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-five upregulated DEGs and seventy-seven downregulated DEGs were identified. In the GO biological process, cellular component, and molecular function analyses, positive regulation of cell migration, anchoring junctions, and cell adhesion molecule binding were enriched significantly. The Hippo signalling pathway was the most significantly enriched pathway. In the PPI network analysis, we found that Class A/1 (rhodopsin-like receptors) may be the critical module. Ten hub genes were extracted, including 6 upregulated genes and 4 downregulated genes. CXCR2, TLR4, and CXCR4 may play critical roles in AF. In the TF prediction, we found that Irf-1 may be implicated in AF. CONCLUSIONS: We found that the CXCR4, TLR4, CXCR2 genes, the Hippo signalling pathway and the class A/1 (rhodopsin-like receptors) module may play critical roles in AF occurrence and maintenance, which may provide novel targets for AF treatment.

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