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1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(12): 1972-1978, 2022 Dec 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36572472

RESUMEN

Objective: To provide evidence for optimizing the screening strategy for gastric cancer (GC), we evaluated the risk of incident GC for individuals with different precancerous gastric lesions in a prospective cohort study. Methods: Based on the National Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer Early Detection Program launched in Linqu, Shandong, a high-risk area of gastric cancer in China, we included a total of 14 087 subjects diagnosed with different gastric lesions stages by endoscopic screening from 2012 to 2018. Study subjects were prospectively followed up until December 31, 2019. The incidence of GC during the follow-up was ascertained by repeated endoscopic examinations, cancer, death registry reports, and active follow-up of study subjects and was confirmed by reviewing medical records extracted from the hospital information management system. The Poisson regression model was applied to calculate the relative risk (RR) and 95%CI for GC occurrence among subjects with different gastric lesions. Results: Among 14 087 subjects with different gastric lesions as determined by their first endoscopic examination in 2012-2018, 7 608 (54.00%) had a global diagnosis of superficial gastritis (SG), 2 848 (20.22%) had chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), 3 103 (22.03%) had intestinal metaplasia (IM), and 520 (3.69%) had low-grade intestinal neoplasia (LGIN). During the follow-up, 109 subjects were diagnosed with GC, including 63 with high-grade intestinal neoplasia (HGIN) and 46 with invasive GC. Compared to subjects having normal gastric mucosa or SG, those with CAG (RR=3.85, 95%CI: 2.04-7.28), IM (RR=5.18, 95%CI: 2.79-9.60), and LGIN (RR=19.08, 95%CI: 9.97-36.53) had significantly increased risk of progression to GC. Individuals with these gastric lesions had an elevated risk of developing HGIN and invasive GC. For subjects with LGIN, the RR was 22.96 (95%CI: 9.71-54.27) for developing HGIN and 14.64 (95%CI: 5.37-39.93) for developing invasive GC. Subgroup analyses found that all age group subjects with LGIN diagnosed during the initial endoscopic examination had a significantly increased risk of developing the GC. Conclusions: Our large-scale prospective study on a high-risk area of GC showed that most residents aged 40-69 years had gastric lesions of different stages. Subjects with more advanced gastric lesions had a significantly increased risk of progression to GC.


Asunto(s)
Gastritis Atrófica , Lesiones Precancerosas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Estudios de Seguimiento , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Lesiones Precancerosas/epidemiología , Lesiones Precancerosas/patología , Gastritis Atrófica/epidemiología , Gastritis Atrófica/complicaciones
2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 50(12): 1169-1176, 2022 Dec 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36517437

RESUMEN

Objective: To estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control rate of hypertension among young and middle-aged population in China. Methods: The analysis was based on the results of 2012-2015 China Hypertension Survey, which was a cross-sectional stratified multistage random sampling survey. A total of 229 593 subjects were included in the final analysis. The data including sex, age, living in urban and rural areas, prevalence of hypertension, history of stroke, family history of coronary heart disease and drinking, physical examination, heart rate were collected. Hypertension was defined as mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and (or) diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mmHg, and (or) self-report a history of hypertension, and (or) use of antihypertensive medicine within 2 weeks before survey. Prehypertension was defined as SBP between 120-139 mmHg, and (or) DBP between 80-89 mmHg. Control of hypertension was considered for hypertensive individuals with SBP<140 mmHg and DBP<90 mmHg. The prevalence of prehypertension, hypertension, awareness, treatment, control rate were calculated, and the control rate among those with antihypertensive medication was also calculated. Results: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was 43.8% (95%CI: 42.3%-45.4%), and 22.1% (95%CI: 20.8%-23.3%), respectively. The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was significantly higher among male than female across different age groups. The awareness, treatment, control rate of hypertension and control rate among treated hypertensive participants were 43.8%, 33.2%, 16.7%, and 40.2%, respectively. The prevalence was higher, and the control rate was lower among individuals with higher heart rate. Conclusion: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension among young and middle-aged population is high, the awareness, treatment and control rate need to be further improved in this population. The prevention and treatment of hypertension should be strengthened in the future to improve the control rate of hypertension in China.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión , Prehipertensión , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Antihipertensivos/uso terapéutico , Prehipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Prehipertensión/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Estudios Transversales , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Presión Sanguínea , China/epidemiología
3.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(6): 1185-1189, 2022 Dec 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533353

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic transcystic drainage and common bile duct exploration in the treatment of patients with difficult biliary stones. METHODS: Between April 2020 and December 2021, eighteen patients with difficult biliary stones received laparoscopic transcystic drainage (C-tube technique) and common bile duct exploration. The clinical characteristics and outcomes were retrospectively collected. The safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic transcystic drainage and common bile duct exploration were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the eighteen patients with difficult biliary stones, thirteen patients received traditional laparoscopic transcystic drainage, and the remaining five received modified laparoscopic transcystic drainage. The mean surgical duration were (161±59) min (82-279 min), no bile duct stenosis or residual stone was observed in the patients receiving postoperative cholangiography via C-tube. The maximum volume of C-tube drainage was (500±163) mL/d (180-820 mL/d). Excluding three patients with early dislodgement of C-tube, among the fifteen patients with C-tube maintained, the median time of C-tube removal was 8 d (5-12 d). The duration of hospital stay was (12±3) d (7-21 d) for the 18 patients. Five C-tube related adverse events were observed, all of which occurred in the patients with traditional laparoscopic transcystic drainage, including two abnormal position of the C-tube, and three early dislocation of the C-tube. All the 5 adverse events caused no complications. Only one grade one complication occurred, which was in a patient with modified laparoscopic transcystic drainage. The patient demonstrated transient fever after C-tube removal, but there was no bile in the drainage tube and the subsequent CT examination confirmed no bile leakage. The fever spontaneously relieved with conservative observation, and the patient recovered uneventfully with discharge the next day. All the 18 patients were followed up for 1-20 months (median: 9 months). Normal liver function and no recurrence of stone were detected with ultrasonography or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic transcystic drainage combined with common bile duct exploration is safe and feasible in the treatment of patients with difficult biliary stones. The short-term effect is good. Modified laparoscopic transcystic drainage approach may reduce the incidence of C-tube dislocation and bile leak.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Quirúrgicos del Sistema Biliar , Cálculos Biliares , Laparoscopía , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos del Sistema Biliar/efectos adversos , Cálculos Biliares/cirugía , Cálculos Biliares/etiología , Drenaje/métodos , Laparoscopía/efectos adversos , Conducto Colédoco/cirugía
4.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(7): 764-770, 2022 Jul 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764559

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and influencing factors of long-term prognosis of tuberculous meningitis(TBM), and to provide a recommendation for treatment and early intervention of TBM. Methods: Clinical data of TBM patients were retrospectively collected at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to December 2021. Patients who were followed-up more than one year were divided into two groups according to modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Risk factors associated with long-term prognosis were analyze by conditional logistic stepwise regression. Results: A total of 60 subjects were enrolled including 33 (55%) males and 27 (45%) females with age 15-79 (44.5±19.8) years. There were 30 cases (50%) complicated with encephalitis, 21 cases (35%) with miliary tuberculosis. The diagnosis was microbiologically confirmed in 22 patients (36.7%), including 5 cases (22.7%, 5/22) by acid-fast staining, 8 cases (36.4%, 8/22) by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) culture, and 20 cases (90.9%, 20/22) by molecular biology. The median follow-up period was 52(43, 66 ) months in 55 cases surviving more than one year. Among them, 40 cases (72.7%) were in favorable group (mRS 0-2) and 15 cases (27.3%) were in unfavorable group (mRS 3-6) with poor prognosis. The mortality rate was 20% (11/55). Elderly (OR=1.06, P=0.048 ) , hyponatremia(OR=0.81,P=0.020), high protein level in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (OR=3.32,P=0.033), cerebral infarction(OR=10.50,P=0.040) and hydrocephalus(OR=8.51,P=0.049) were associated with poor prognosis in TBM patients. Conclusions: The mortality rate is high in patients with TBM. Molecular biology tests improves the sensitivity and shorten the diagnosis time of TBM. Elderly, hyponatremia, high protein level in CSF, cerebral infarction and hydrocephalus are independent risk factors of long-term survival in TBM patients.


Asunto(s)
Hidrocefalia , Hiponatremia , Tuberculosis Meníngea , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Infarto Cerebral , Femenino , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/complicaciones , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tuberculosis Meníngea/complicaciones , Tuberculosis Meníngea/diagnóstico , Tuberculosis Meníngea/terapia , Adulto Joven
5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 50(5): 486-493, 2022 May 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589598

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control status of dyslipidemia among females aged ≥35 years old across China. Methods: Participants were selected by stratified multistage random sampling method in the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" National Science and Technology Support Project "Survey on the Prevalence of Important Cardiovascular Diseases and Key Technology Research in China" project. This study is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. A total of 17 418 females aged 35 years and over were included in the current study. The basic information such as age, medical history and menopause was collected by questionnaire. The blood lipid parameters were derived from clinical laboratory examinations. The prevalence of dyslipidemia and the rate of awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia were analyzed in females aged 35 years and over. Results: The age of participants was (56.2±13.0) years old, and the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 33.1% (5 765/17 418). The prevalence rates of high total cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-C and high LDL-C were 9.7% (1 695/17 418), 11.1% (1 925/17 418), 10.9% (1 889/17 418) and 7.3% (1 262/17 418), respectively. The prevalence of dyslipidemia increased with age and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in women who were not married, Han, menarche age>16 years, obesity, central obesity, alcohol consumption, diabetes, hypertension and family history of cardiovascular disease were higher than those without such characteristics (P<0.05). There were 10 432 (59.9%) menopausal females in this cohort and prevalence of dyslipidemia of these participants was 38.8% (4 048/10 432), which was higher than that of non-postmenopausal females (24.6%, 1 717/6 986) (P<0.05). The awareness rates, treatment rates and control rates of dyslipidemia were 33.9% (1 953/5 765), 15.1% (870/5 765) and 2.5% (143/5 765) respectively among females aged 35 years and over in China. Conclusion: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in Chinese females aged 35 years and over is high, and its awareness, treatment, and control rates need to be optimized.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Dislipidemias , Adulto , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Dislipidemias/tratamiento farmacológico , Dislipidemias/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Obesidad/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
6.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439859

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the effect of emotional optimization of workplace employees in immersive virtual natural environment. Methods: In July 2020, 15 subjects were selected to complete two groups of treadmill walking training experiments in virtual natural environment and daily environment respectively. At the same time, the subjects' skin electrical (EDA) , pulse frequency (Pf) , respiratory frequency (Rf) physiological data and Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM) data before and after walking were collected; the mean value of three dimensions of SAM and the emotion difference before and after the experiment were calculated. The differences of physiological indexes and subjective mood changes of subjects were tested by paired sample t-test. Results: Compared with the daily environment, the ΔEDA, ΔPf and ΔRf of the subjects in the virtual natural environment were all decreased , and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in pleasure and arousal between subjects before and after using the virtual natural environment (P <0.05). Compared with the daily environment, the Δpleasure degree of subjects using the virtual natural environment increased, and the Δarousal degree and Δdominance degree decreased, and the differences were statistically significant (P <0.05). Conclusion: Walking in virtual natural environment can help subjects improve their mood, relax and improve the regulation ability of autonomic nervous system.


Asunto(s)
Realidad Virtual , Lugar de Trabajo , Nivel de Alerta , Emociones/fisiología , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Humanos
7.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(4): 279-288, 2022 Apr 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35391515

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the preliminary efficacy and safety of ab interno canaloplasty (ABiC) combined with micro-incision cataract surgery for treating primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) combined with cataract. Methods: Prospective case series study. Patients diagnosed with POAG and concurrent cataract were enrolled to receive ABiC combined with micro-incision phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in the Eye Center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from June 2018 to October 2019. Intraocular pressure (IOP), use of hypotensive medications, visual acuity, visual field, and optic nerve at baseline as well as at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months postoperatively were assessed. Subgroup analyses were further performed to evaluate these data between controlled and uncontrolled POAG, as well as among mild, moderate, and advanced POAG. Success rate and complications were analyzed. Results: A total of 68 eyes in 42 patients completed a follow-up of 12 months. Compared to the baseline IOP under medical control [(18.25±2.65) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)], the mean postoperative IOP at 1 month [(14.31±3.25) mmHg], 3 months [(14.00±3.09) mmHg], 6 months[ (14.58±2.93) mmHg], and 12 months[ (14.84±2.73) mmHg] was all significantly reduced (P<0.05). The median (upper quadrant, lower quadrant) of the hypotensive medication number was 2.5 (2, 3) at baseline, which was significantly reduced to 0 (0, 1) at 1 month, and 0 (0, 0) at 3, 6, and 12 months (P<0.05). The complete success rate and qualified success rate at 12 months were 80.88%(55/68) and 89.71%(61/68), respectively. No deterioration in the visual field or optical coherence tomography scan of the optic nerve was observed at 12 months compared to the baseline status. Hyphema (26 eyes, 38.24%) and transient IOP spike (23 eyes, 33.82%) were the most common complications, but no severe case was present. Conclusion: ABiC combined with micro-incision cataract surgery is considerably effective and safe in the treatment of POAG combined with cataract in the Chinese population.


Asunto(s)
Extracción de Catarata , Catarata , Glaucoma de Ángulo Abierto , Facoemulsificación , Herida Quirúrgica , Trabeculectomía , Antihipertensivos , Catarata/complicaciones , Catarata/terapia , Glaucoma de Ángulo Abierto/complicaciones , Glaucoma de Ángulo Abierto/cirugía , Humanos , Presión Intraocular , Facoemulsificación/métodos , Herida Quirúrgica/complicaciones , Herida Quirúrgica/cirugía , Trabeculectomía/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(3): 240-244, 2022 Mar 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381642

RESUMEN

Aluminum is one of the most abundant elements on earth. Aluminum compounds are widely used in food additives, antacids, cooking utensils and so on. Human exposure to aluminum is mainly through diet and drinking water, while excessive intake of aluminum can accumulate in tissues and cause toxic reactions. In the central nervous system, aluminum exposure is closely related to a series of nervous system diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Epigenetic modification refers to the regulation of gene expression without changing the DNA sequence, and its regulatory disorders can lead to abnormalities and diseases of the central nervous system. This paper describes the regulation of epigenetics and its components, including DNA methylation, histone modification and non-coding RNA, in aluminum-induced neurotoxicity, in order to provide insights into the epigenetic mechanism of aluminum-induced neurotoxicity.


Asunto(s)
Aluminio , Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Aluminio/toxicidad , Culinaria , Metilación de ADN , Epigénesis Genética , Humanos
9.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 73(4)2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696241

RESUMEN

The aim of this study is to examine the role and functional mechanism of circ-FADS2 in colorectal cancer (CRC). The levels of expression of circ-FADS2 were detected in 48 patients with CRC and their paired normal tissue samples and cell lines (SW480, SW620, HCT116, HT29, and NCM460) using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Circ-FADS2 was then silenced in SW480 and HT29 cells using two small interfering ribonucleic acids. Themolecular mechanism of circ-FADS2 in CRC progression and migration was then examined by sponging miR-498 and promoting S100A16 expression. After this, the expression of miR-498 and S100A16 in CRC tissues was analyzed using a qRT-PCR. In results: circ-FADS2 was found to be significantly upregulated in CRC tissues, when compared with paired normal tissues. Higher circ-FADS2 expression was associated with advanced stages, lymphatic metastasis, and reduced overall survival (OS). In addition, silencing circ-FADS2 markedly inhibited the proliferation and invasion of CRC and increased the percentage of cancer cells in the G1 phase in vitro. Reducing circ-FADS2 decreased SW480 cell proliferation in vivo. By inhibiting miR-498 expression, circ-FADS2 promoted S100A16 expression leading to the activation of the AKT pathway, resulting in CRC progression. We conclude that Circ-FADS2 expression was upregulated in CRC tissues and cells and was found to be correlated with advanced cancer, metastasis, and poor OS. A study of the molecular mechanism suggests that a circ-FADS2/miR-498/S100A16/AKT signaling cascade may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of CRC.

10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(7): 811-817, 2021 Jul 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304416

RESUMEN

Objective: To translate and revise the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale (KPCS),which can be used to evaluate the parenting confidence of 0-12 months infant caregivers in China, and evaluate the reliability and validity test of Chinese version of KPCS. Methods: Form a Chinese version of Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale through translation, back translation and expert review. Mothers of 3-month-old infants were recruited from two Maternal and Child Health Hospitals in Beijing and Ma'anshan in April 2019. A total of 165 mothers responded the survey invitations. They were surveyed with self-administered questionnaires, the Chinese version of KPCS, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) and Self-efficacy in Infant Care Scale (SICS). Item analysis was conducted to select items by using critical value and correlation coefficient. The construct validity was assessed by exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis. The criterion validity was assessed by being compared with PSOC and SICS. The reliability analysis was assessed by Cronbach's α the split-half reliability coefficient and rest-retest reliability coefficient. Results: The scores of 15 items were all correlated with the total score of the Chinese version of KPCS with r ranging from -0.283 to 0.643 (P<0.001). The difference of critical values of all items of KPCS among the low and high score groups were statistically significant (P<0.001). Three factors labeled parenting, support, and sense of competence, were obtained by exploratory factor analysis which accounting for 49.52% of the total variance and the factor loading values of all items are more than 0.4. The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the hypothesized three-factor structure. The total score of KPCS was significantly correlated with the total score of PSOC and SICS(r=0.381, 0.345, P<0.001). The Cronbach's α of the Chinese version of KPCS was 0.769, and each dimension of Cronbach's α were 0.332-0.800, the test-retest reliability coefficient was 0.817, and the split-half reliability coefficient was 0.789. Conclusion: The Chinese version of the Karitane parenting confidence scale has a good reliability and validity among the 0-12 month-old infants' mothers, which can be used to evaluate the parenting confidence of infant caregivers.


Asunto(s)
Responsabilidad Parental , Niño , China , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660470

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between serum vitamin D level and immune imbalance in advanced schistosomiasis patients with liver fibrosis. METHODS: A total of 120 advanced schistosomiasis patients with liver fibrosis that were admitted to the Department of Schistosomiasis of The First Hospital of Jiaxing City from May 2016 to September 2018 were recruited as the observation group, and 50 healthy volunteers randomly sampled from the hospital during the same period served as the control group. The serum IgG antibody, IgA antibody, C3 complement, C4 complement, CD4+ cell proportion, CD8+ cell proportion, 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were compared between the two groups. Liver fibrosis was classified into grade I, II and III according to the classification criteria of liver fibrosis by ultrasonography, and the serum IgG antibody, IgA antibody, C3 complement, C4 complement, CD4+ proportion, CD8+ proportion, 25(OH)D levels were compared among patients with grade I, II and III liver fibrosis. In addition, all patients were classified into the sufficient group, the insufficient group and the deficient group according to the serum vitamin D level, and the serum IgG antibody, IgA antibody, C3 complement, C4 complement, CD4+ proportion, CD8+ proportion, 25(OH)D levels were compared among these three groups. Moreover, the associations of the serum vitamin D level with these immune indicators were examined. RESULTS: The 120 advanced schistosomiasis patients with liver fibrosis included 58 men and 62 women, and had a mean age of (72.00 ± 3.00) years. There were 32 cases with grade I liver fibrosis, 46 cases with grade II liver fibrosis, and 42 cases with grade III liver fibrosis. There were no significant differences between the observation group and the control group in terms of serum D-dimer, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), C3 complement or C4 complement levels (t = 2.467, 0.322, 0.790, -2.432 and -2.630, all P values > 0.05); however, there were significant differences seen in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood calcium, blood phosphorus, IgG antibody, IgA antibody, CD4+ proportion, CD8+ proportion, and 25(OH)D levels (t = 5.130, 6.382, -1.341, 2.361, 8.708, 11.783, -2.995, -6.543 and -3.022, all P values < 0.05). In addition, there were significant differences in AST, ALT, blood phosphorus, IgA antibody, C3 complement, CD8+ cell proportion and 25(OH)D levels among patients with grades I, II and III liver fibrosis (F = 19.704, 16.254, 62.669, 49.347, 5.430, 5.434 and 5.783, all P values < 0.05). There were significant differences in ALT, blood phosphorus, IgA antibody, CD8+ cell proportion and 25(OH)D levels between patients with grades I and III liver fibrosis (all P values < 0.05), and significant differences were seen between patients with grades II and III liver fibrosis in terms of blood phosphorus, IgA antibody and CD8+ cell proportion (all P values < 0.05), while there was a significant difference in the CD8+ cell proportion between patients with grades I and II liver fibrosis (P < 0.05). Moreover, there were significant differences among the sufficient, insufficient and deficient groups in terms of IgG antibody, IgA antibody, C3 complement, CD4+ cell proportion and CD8+ cell proportion (F = 13.303, 59.623, 8.698, 9.969 and 12.805, all P values < 0.05), and there was a significant difference in the CD8+ cell proportion between the insufficient and deficient groups (P < 0.05). Pearson correlation analysis revealed that serum 25(OH)D level were negatively associated with IgG and IgA antibody levels (r = -0.754 and -0.773, both P values < 0.05), and positively associated with C3 complement, CD4+ cell proportion and CD8+ cell proportion in advanced schistosomiasis patients with liver fibrosis (r = 0.827, 0.850 and 0.830, all P values < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Immune imbalance occurs in advanced schistosomiasis patients with liver fibrosis, and serum vitamin D level may correlate with immune imbalance in advanced schistosomiasis patients with liver fibrosis.


Asunto(s)
Cirrosis Hepática , Esquistosomiasis , Anciano , Linfocitos T CD8-positivos , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina G , Masculino , Vitamina D
13.
BJOG ; 128(10): 1615-1624, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690938

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal associations of fetal growth with adverse child growth outcomes and to assess whether maternal metabolic factors modify the associations. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study, China. POPULATION: A total of 4818 mother-child pairs. METHODS: Fetal growth was assessed according to estimated fetal weight (EFW) from 22 weeks of gestation until birth and the measurement of the birthweight. Fetal growth Z-scores were computed from random effects in the multilevel linear spline models to represent fetal size in early pregnancy (22 weeks of gestation) and growth in mid-pregnancy (22-27 weeks of gestation), early third trimester (28-36 weeks of gestation) and late third trimester (≥37 weeks of gestation). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Z-scores for childhood stunting, low weight, overweight or obesity, length/height for age (LAZ/HAZ), weight for age (WAZ) and body mass index for age (BMIZ) at the age of 3 years. Adjusted associations were examined using multiple Poisson or linear regression models. RESULTS: Increased Z-scores of fetal size in early pregnancy and growth in mid-pregnancy and early third trimester were associated with a higher risk of childhood overweight or obesity (risk ratios 1.25-1.45). Fetal growth in each period was negatively associated with stunting and low weight, with the strongest associations observed for fetal size in early pregnancy and growth in mid-pregnancy. The results for continuous outcomes (LAZ/HAZ, WAZ and BMIZ) were similar. The associations of fetal growth with overweight or obesity in childhood were stronger among mothers who were underweight and who were overweight or obese than among mothers of normal weight. CONCLUSIONS: Accelerated fetal growth before 37 weeks of gestation is associated with children who are overweight or obese, whereas the critical period for stunting and low weight occurs before 28 weeks of gestation. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Fetal growth during different periods is differentially associated with childhood stunting, underweight and overweight or obesity.


Asunto(s)
Recién Nacido Pequeño para la Edad Gestacional/crecimiento & desarrollo , Obesidad Pediátrica/epidemiología , Adulto , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Edad Gestacional , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Obesidad Pediátrica/etiología , Embarazo , Estudios Prospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(5): 421-427, 2020 May 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536059

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of circular RNA-UBXN7 (circ_UBXN7) on the proliferation, migration and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Methods: Circ_UBXN7 expression in the tissues and cells of hepatocellular cancer was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the relationship between circ_UBXN7 expression and clinicopathological features, including age, gender, tumor volume, pathological classification, staging, and lymph node metastasis was analyzed. The full-length sequence of circ_UBXN7 with lentivirus carrying lenti circ_UBXN7 and lenti circ_UBXN7 shRNA was constructed to transfect hepatocellular cell lines (HepG2 and Huh-7), respectively. CCK-8 experiments were performed to detect the ability of up- or down-regulation of circ_UBXN7 on the proliferation of HEPG2 and HUH-7 cells. Annexin V / PI experiment was used to detect the changes in apoptosis of HEPG2 and HUH-7 cells after up-regulation or down-regulation of circ_UBXN7 expression. JC-1 assay was used to detect the changes in mitochondrial potential energy of HEPG2 and HUH-7 cells after up-regulation or down-regulation of circ_UBXN7 expression. Transwell was used to detect the migration ability of HEPG2 and HUH-7 cells after up-regulation or down-regulation of circ_UBXN7 expression. Western blotting was used to detect the expressional change of TWIST, E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin. Statistical analysis: The expression levels of circ_UBXN7 and clinicopathological features were measured by chi-square test. Two groups were compared by t-test and three groups and above were compared by single factor analysis of variance. LSD method was used for comparison between groups. Results: The expression of circ_UBXN7 in liver cancer tissues was significantly higher than adjacent tissues, and its expression level was significantly positively correlated with tumor volume, stage, and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05). Lenti-circ_UBXN7 had up-regulated the expression of circ_UBXN7 in HEPG2 and HUH-7 cells and promoted cell proliferation. Lenti-circ_UBXN7-shRNA had down-regulated the expression of circ_UBXN7 and induced apoptosis. Lenti-circ_UBXN7-shRNA had reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential of cells. Lenti-circ_UBXN7 had promoted cell migration, while lenti-circ_UBXN7-shRNA had inhibited cell migration. Lenti-circ_UBXN7 had induced increased expression of Twist, N-cadherin, and Vimentin proteins, and reduced the expression of E-cadherin protein. Lenti-circ_UBXN7-shRNA had opposite effects on the expression levels of each protein. Starbase V2.0 software showed that miR-203a and circ_UBXN7 had potential binding sites, and miR-203a and circ_UBXN7 expression levels were negatively correlated in HEP ​​G2 and HUH-7 cells. Conclusion: circ_UBXN7 plays an important role in promoting the occurrence and development of liver cancer, and is expected to become a potential target for the treatment of liver cancer.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Proliferación Celular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales , Apoptosis , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , ARN Circular
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 363-368, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393003

RESUMEN

Objective: To examine the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive coronary surgery-coronary artery bypass grafting (MICS-CABG). Methods: From the first case in November 2015 to November 2019, a total of 244 cases of MICS-CABG were performed in Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital. There were 197 males and 47 females, aging (62.3±8.7)years (range: 36 to 88 years). The operations were performed via the 5(th) intercostal space of left thoracic lateral incision (length: 4 to 5 cm extended for 8 to 10 cm), and were performed under off-pump, with the help of the chest wall suspension device and cardiac fixator. The proximal anastomosis on ascending aorta and the distal anastomosis of left anterior descending branch, circumflex branch and right coronary system were completed according to procedure. In all 244 cases, the proportion of 2 grafts was 53.7% (131 cases), 3 grafts was 36.1% (88 cases), 4 grafts was 9.8% (24 cases) and 5 grafts was 0.4% (1 case). The average of grafts was 2.6±0.7 (range: 2 to 5). The proportion of hybrid was 14.3% (35 cases), sequential bypass procedure was 43.0% (105 cases) and multiple artery grafts was 25.4% (62 cases). The perioperative complications of the patients were collected, the patency rate of the grafts was evaluated by coronary angiography or CT within 7 days after the operation, and main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were followed up. The survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method, and the 1-year MACCE rate was calculated by survival analysis. Results: All cases had no transition to thoracotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass procedure, and no cases needed intra aortic balloon pumping and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation during the operation.There were 2 cases of poor incision healing, and reoperation was performed in 10 cases (6 cases of postoperative bleeding, 2 cases of incision debridement, and 2 cases of grafts problems). The rate of MACCE in 30 days was 2.6% (10 cases), which contained 3 cases of death (2 cases of grafts occlusion, 1 case of serious hemorrhage after thoracic puncture drainage), 3 cases of stroke and 5 cases of non-fatal myocardial infarction. By the re-examination of angiography in 7 days after operation, the overall patency of the grafts was 96.1%, and the patency of the left anterior descending was 98.6%. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was conducted for 235 patients (96.3%) with 1 to 36 months follow-up results, and the 1-year MACCE rate was 5.6% (95%CI: 4.2% to 7.0%) . There was no significant difference among the incidences of MACCE at each stage of learning curve. Surgeon could reduce the operation time and complete more anastomosis with the accumulation of experience after the early 30 cases. Conclusions: MICS-CABG can safely achieve completed revascularization, which has good operative effects in short and medium-long term. There is no significant risk in the early cases of learning curve.


Asunto(s)
Puente de Arteria Coronaria Off-Pump/métodos , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Mínimamente Invasivos/métodos , Anciano , Puente de Arteria Coronaria Off-Pump/efectos adversos , Puente de Arteria Coronaria Off-Pump/mortalidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Resultado del Tratamiento , Grado de Desobstrucción Vascular
16.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(5): 356-363, 2020 May 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450668

RESUMEN

Objective: To gain insight into the transcriptional landscape including mRNA, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), and circular RNA (circRNA) of the differentiated lens. Methods: Experiment research. The total RNAs of the differentiated lenses were extracted and purified. Total RNAs of 16-week, 23-week, and 25-week differentiated lenses were then sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2500, and analyzed using bioinformatics tools. The top expressed and differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs were screened. The expressions of overlap genes among the 16-week, 23-week, and 25-week lenses were analyzed by Venn diagram. The expression tendency of lens-specific genes was obtained and verified with real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: A total of 67 518 311 mapped reads were obtained from differentiated lenses at 16 weeks, 99 440 160 at 23 weeks, and 67 262 320 at 25 weeks. The gene overlap expression analysis showed 740 of the top 1 000 highly expressed mRNAs, 170 of the top 300 highly expressed lncRNAs, and 69 of the top 100 highly expressed circRNAs overlapping expressed in lenses at 16, 23, and 25 weeks, respectively. Lens specific gene expression analysis revealed that the expression of crystallin (CRY) AA, CRYGA, CRYGB, CRYGC, CRYGD, CRYGEP, and CRYGS was upregulated, while the expression of gap junction (GJ) A3 and GJA8 was downregulated with the differentiation of lenses. Conclusion: The lens transcriptome profile shows that more than half of the high expressed mRNA, lncRNA and circRNA at different differentiation stages are overlapping expressed, and all of them have high expression of lens specific protein genes, such as CRY, GJ etc. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 356-363).


Asunto(s)
Secuenciación de Nucleótidos de Alto Rendimiento , ARN Largo no Codificante , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , ARN Mensajero , Análisis de Secuencia de ARN
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(8): 4180-4189, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373954

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the possible role and mechanism of lncRNA ZEB2-AS1 in the pathogenesis of colon cancer (CCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of ZEB2-AS1 in 41 colon cancer tissue samples and 25 normal tissues was detected by qRT-PCR, and appropriate colon cancer cell lines were screened for in vitro experiments. Subcellular localization of ZEB2-AS1 was examined. After ZEB2-AS1 was transfected into colon cancer cells by liposome method, the cell proliferation, migration ability, and cell apoptosis percentage were evaluated by CCK-8 test, transwell assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. In addition, bioinformatics was applied to detect the target genes of microRNA-188. The Luciferase gene reporter assay was then performed to analyze the relative activity of Luciferase between microRNA-188 and TAB3 or ZEB2-AS1. At the same time, the control sequence, microRNA-188 mimics, microRNA-188 mimics+ ZEB2-AS1, si-TAB3, and microRNA-188 inhibitor+ si-TAB3 were respectively transfected into cells to further verify the interaction between TAB3 and microRNA-188 or ZEB2-AS1. Besides, the glucose and lactate levels were measured to explore their roles in glycolysis. RESULTS: The expression of ZEB2-AS1 in colon cancer tissues and cells was significantly higher than that in normal ones, and ZEB2-AS1 was confirmed to be mostly located in the cytoplasm. In addition, ZEB2-AS1 overexpression could enhance the cell proliferation rate and migration ability as well as reduce the cell apoptosis, which could be reversed by microRNA-188 overexpression. In addition, bioinformatics prediction and Dual-Luciferase reporter assays revealed that ZEB2-AS1 could bind to microRNA-188, which could directly target TAB3. At the same time, it was found that the overexpression of ZEB2-AS1 and low expression of microRNA-188 promoted glycolysis, while the opposite result was observed after overexpression of microRNA-188 and low expression of TAB3. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of ZEB2-AS1 is significantly increased in colon cancer tissues and cells, which can promote the proliferation, migration, and promote apoptosis of colon cancer cells. It may be involved in the development of this cancer through the process of glycolysis regulated by microRNA-188/TAB3.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales/metabolismo , Neoplasias del Colon/metabolismo , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Caja Homeótica 2 de Unión a E-Box con Dedos de Zinc/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales/genética , Animales , Apoptosis , Movimiento Celular , Células Cultivadas , Neoplasias del Colon/patología , Humanos , Ratones , Ratones Desnudos , MicroARNs/genética , Neoplasias Experimentales/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentales/patología , Caja Homeótica 2 de Unión a E-Box con Dedos de Zinc/genética
18.
Ann Oncol ; 31(4): 517-524, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151507

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the lung is a heterogeneous disease that is composed of both adenocarcinoma components (ACC) and squamous cell carcinoma components (SCCC). Their genomic profile, genetic origin, and clinical management remain controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Resected ASC and metastatic tumor in regional lymph nodes (LNs) were collected. The ACC and SCCC were separated by microdissection of primary tumor. The 1021 cancer-related genes were evaluated by next-generation sequencing independently in ACC and SCCC and LNs. Shared and private alterations in the two components were investigated. In addition, genomic profiles of independent cohorts of adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas were examined for comparison. We have also carried out a retrospective study of ASCs with known EGFR mutation status from 11 hospitals in China for their clinical outcomes. RESULTS: The most frequent alterations in 28 surgically resected ASCs include EGFR (79%), TP53 (68%), MAP3K1 (14%) mutations, EGFR amplifications (32%), and MDM2 amplifications (18%). Twenty-seven patients (96%) had shared variations between ACC and SCCC, and pure SCCC metastases were not found in metastatic LNs among these patients. Only one patient with geographically separated ACC and SCCC had no shared mutations. Inter-component heterogeneity was a common genetic event of ACC and SCCC. The genomic profile of ASC was similar to that of 170 adenocarcinomas, but different from that of 62 squamous cell carcinomas. The incidence of EGFR mutations in the retrospective analysis of 517 ASCs was 51.8%. Among the 129 EGFR-positive patients who received EGFR-TKIs, the objective response rate was 56.6% and the median progression-free survival was 10.1 months (95% confidence interval: 9.0-11.2). CONCLUSIONS: The ACC and SCCC share a monoclonal origin, a majority with genetically inter-component heterogeneity. ASC may represent a subtype of adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutation being the most common genomic anomaly and sharing similar efficacy to EGFR TKI.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Adenoescamoso , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/genética , China , Receptores ErbB/genética , Genómica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutación , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas , Estudios Retrospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(1): 47-53, 2020 Jan 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008295

RESUMEN

Objective: To identify the incidence of hypertension, overweight/obesity in middle-aged population in China, and explore their impact on cardiovascular events. Methods: From 2009 to 2010, 12 areas were sampled in China, and about 1 000 subjects aged 35 - 64 from each area were enrolled to collect the basic information, physical examination and blood tests were also performed. From 2016 to 2017, data from 8 835 subjects, who completed the 6 years follow-up, were analyzed.Blood pressure and body mass index(BMI) at both baseline and the follow-up, as well as incidence of hypertension, overweight and obesity, were calculated. Cox proportional hazard model was used to investigate the impacts of hypertension, overweight and obesity on cardiovascular events after adjusting confounders. Results: At the end of follow-up, both BMI and systolic and diastolic blood pressure increased significantly compared with the baseline levels (all P<0.001). The cumulative incidence of hypertension, overweight and obesity within 6 years was 39.3%(1 146/2 918), 11.5%(406/3 544) and 4.3%(302/7 025), respectively. Compared with subjects with both normal BMI and blood pressure, people with overweight, obesity, hypertension, overweight with hypertension, and obesity with hypertension faced significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease (HRs (95%CIs) were 2.394(1.130-5.073), 3.341(1.454-7.674), 6.047(2.978-12.279), 5.808(2.924-11.539) and 8.716(4.391-17.302), respectively, all P<0.05), after adjusting for other confounders. Conclusions: The incidence of overweight, obesity, and hypertension is high in middle-aged people in China. Overweight, obesity and hypertension are associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events during the 6 years follow up.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Hipertensión , Adulto , Índice de Masa Corporal , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/etiología , China , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Incidencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Obesidad/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo
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