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1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 184: 113235, 2021 Apr 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887614

RESUMEN

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is closely related to tumor metastasis and invasion. Thereinto, mesenchymal tumor mitochondria are the critical target for tumor inhibition. Therefore, real-time in vivo monitoring of EMT as well as inhibiting mesenchymal tumor mitochondria is of great diagnosis and therapy significance. Herein, we construct a multi-stage recognition and morphological transformable self-assembly-peptide nano biosensor NDRP which can response the EMT marker and specifically damage the mesenchymal tumor cell in vivo. This nano-molar-affinity sensor is designed and screened with sensitive peptides containing a molecular switching which could be specifically triggered by the receptor to achieve the vesicle-to-fibril transformation in living system with enhanced fluorescent signal. NDRP nanosensor could target the tumor lesion in circulatory system, recognize mesenchymal tumor marker DDR2 (Discoidin domain receptor 2) in cellular level and specifically achieve mitochondria in subcellular level as well as damaged mitochondria which could be applied as a in vivo theranostic platform.

2.
Adv Ther ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881746

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) is responsible for most prostate cancer (PCa) deaths worldwide. The present study aims to explore the molecular differences between mPCa and PCa. METHODS: The authors downloaded GSE6752, GSE6919, and GSE32269 from the Gene Expression Omnibus and employed integrated analysis to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between mPCa and PCa. Functional and pathway-enrichment analyses were performed, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and modules were constructed. Clinical mPCa specimens were collected to verify the results by performing RT-qPCR. The Cancer Genome Atlas database was used to conduct a survival analysis, and an immunohistochemical assay was performed. The invasion ability of PCa cells was verified by Transwell assay. RESULTS: One-hundred six consistently DEGs were found in mPCa compared with PCa. DEGs significantly enriched the positive regulation of cell proliferation, cell division, and cell adhesion in small cell lung cancer and PCa. Cell division, nucleoplasm, and cell cycle were selected from the PPI network, and the top 10 hub genes were selected. CDC20 and PTTG1 with genetic alterations were significantly associated with poorer disease-free survival. Immunohistochemical assay results showed that the expression levels of CDC20 and PTTG1 in mPCa were higher than those in PCa. The results of the migration assay indicated that CDC20 and PTTG1 could enhance the migration ability of PCa cells. CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that CDC20 and PTTG1 contribute more to migration, progression, and poorer prognoses in mPCa compared with PCa. CDC20 and PTTG1 could represent therapeutic targets in mPCa medical research and clinical studies.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 595: 1-5, 2021 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813219

RESUMEN

It is of great significance for absorber designers to correctly understand impedance matching and its related calculation methods, because excellent impedance matching effect is an important prerequisite for absorber to consume electromagnetic wave (EMW). However, there are some problems in literatures, such as the lack of deep understanding of impedance matching and application conditions of Eq. (3) for the calculation of reflection loss (RL). Based on the transmission line theory of electronic circuit, this paper expounds the definition, symbol, property of various impedances and their influence on impedance matching effect. On the basis of simplifying the actual situation in the process of EMW absorption to the correct transmission line model, the original transmission line model of RL calculation formula and its limitation are pointed out. The doubts about the validity of the quarter wavelength theory in literatures are explained from three aspects: the reduction of EMW length, the multiple reflection and the impedance transformation of absorber.

4.
Mol Plant ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930509

RESUMEN

Regulation of seed size is a key strategy for improving crop yield, and is also a basic biological question, but how plants determine their seed size remains elusive. Here we report that the GW2-WG1-OsbZIP47 regulatory module controls grain width and weight in rice. WG1, which encodes a glutaredoxin protein, promotes grain growth by increasing cell proliferation. WG1 interacts with the transcription factor OsbZIP47 and represses its transcriptional activity by associating with the transcriptional co-repressor ASP1, indicating that WG1 may act as adaptor protein to recruit the transcriptional co-repressor. OsbZIP47 restricts grain growth by decreasing cell proliferation. Further results reveal that the E3 ubiquitin ligase GW2 ubiquitinates WG1 and targets it for degradation. Genetic analyses support that GW2, WG1 and OsbZIP47 function in a common pathway to control grain growth. Thus, our findings reveal a genetic and molecular framework for the GW2-WG1-OsbZIP47 regulatory module-mediated control of grain size and weight, opening new perspectives for using this regulatory pathway for improvement of seed size and weight in crops.

5.
Chem Asian J ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851522

RESUMEN

Aptamers are short single-stranded DNA or RNA oligonucleotides selected by the technique of systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX). Aptamers have been demonstrated to bind various targets from small-molecule to cells or even tissues in the way of antibodies. Thus, they are called chemical antibodies. We summarize and evaluate recent developments in aptamer-based sensors (for short aptasensors) for virus detection in this review. These aptasensors are mainly classified into optical and electronic aptasensors based on the type of transducer. Nowadays, the smartphone has become the most widely used mobile device with billions of users worldwide. Considering the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, smartphone-based aptasensors for a portable and point-of-care test (POCT) of COVID-19 detection will be of great importance in the future.

6.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1280: 201-218, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791984

RESUMEN

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy offers reproducible quantitative analysis and structural identification of metabolites in various complex biological samples, such as biofluids (plasma, serum, and urine), cells, tissue extracts, and even intact organs. Therefore, NMR-based metabolomics, a mainstream metabolomic platform, has been extensively applied in many research fields, including pharmacology, toxicology, pathophysiology, nutritional intervention, disease diagnosis/prognosis, and microbiology. In particular, NMR-based metabolomics has been successfully used for cancer research to investigate cancer metabolism and identify biomarker and therapeutic targets. This chapter highlights the innovations and challenges of NMR-based metabolomics platform and its applications in cancer research.


Asunto(s)
Líquidos Corporales , Neoplasias , Biomarcadores , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética , Metabolómica
7.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822593

RESUMEN

Reduction of U(VI) to U(IV) drastically reduces its solubility and has been proposed as a method for remediation of uranium contamination. However, much is still unknown about the kinetics, mechanisms, and products of U(VI) bioreduction in complex systems. In this study, U(VI) bioreduction experiments were conducted with Shewanella putrefaciens strain CN32 in the presence of clay minerals and two organic ligands: citrate and EDTA. In reactors with U and Fe(III)-clay minerals, the rate of U(VI) bioreduction was enhanced due to the presence of ligands, likely because soluble Fe3+- and Fe2+-ligand complexes served as electron shuttles. In the presence of citrate, bioreduced U(IV) formed a soluble U(IV)-citrate complex in experiments with either Fe-rich or Fe-poor clay mineral. In the presence of EDTA, U(IV) occurred as a soluble U(IV)-EDTA complex in Fe-poor montmorillonite experiments. However, U(IV) remained associated with the solid phase in Fe-rich nontronite experiments through the formation of a ternary U(IV)-EDTA-surface complex, as suggested by the EXAFS analysis. Our study indicates that organic ligands and Fe(III)-bearing clays can significantly affect the microbial reduction of U(VI) and the stability of the resulting U(IV) phase.

8.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 133, 2021 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752607

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a type of unexplained nonatherosclerotic vascular disease that usually involves the renal and internal carotid arteries and rarely involves the mesenteric artery. Mesenteric artery FMD is difficult to distinguish from Crohn's disease (CD) and Behcet's disease (BD) solely based on symptoms. Patients with mesenteric artery FMD can present with an acute abdomen, but case reports of patients who have a long medical history and undergo multiple bowel resections are extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 45-year-old woman with an 11-year history of intermittent lower abdominal pain and fever. At the age of 34 years, she underwent right hemicolectomy and appendectomy due to an acute abdomen. She suffered from oral ulcers between 34 and 36 years old. A clinical diagnosis of presumed CD was made by the age of 41, and she was treated with mesalazine; however, the effect was poor. At the age of 42, she came to our centre, and based on her atypical symptoms and examination results, we thought she had CD. Hence, she was treated with glucocorticoids for 3 years. However, when she was 45, due to steroid dependence, thalidomide tablets were added. Unfortunately, she suffered from another episode of intestinal obstruction. Therefore, she underwent enterectomy. The postoperative histopathological diagnosis was mesenteric artery FMD. She no longer underwent pharmacotherapy after the surgery. Although she did not have any of her previous symptoms and postoperative colonoscopy showed no signs of recurrence, splenomegaly and abnormal routine blood results were still present. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with mesenteric artery FMD can present with an acute abdomen. In addition, the symptoms and endoscopic manifestations of mesenteric artery FMD may appear similar to CD and BD. Hence, it is difficult to make a clear clinical diagnosis and proceed with treatment. Mesenteric artery FMD often requires surgical pathology to confirm its diagnosis. For patients who suffer from this disorder, surgery may be the best choice to improve the patient's quality of life.

9.
Anal Chem ; 93(13): 5570-5576, 2021 04 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757286

RESUMEN

There is still an urgent need to develop reliable analytical methods of O2•- in vivo for deeply elucidating the roles of O2•- playing in the brain. Herein, a nonenzymatic electrochemical sensor with ratiometric signal output was developed for an in vivo analysis of O2•- in the rat brain. Diphenylphosphonate-2-naphthol ester (ND) was designed and synthesized as a specific recognition molecule for the selective determination of O2•-. An anodic peak ascribed to the oxidation of 2-naphthol was generated via the nucleophilic substitution between ND and O2•- and was increased with the increasing concentration of O2•-. Meanwhile, the inner reference of methylene blue (MB) was co-assembled at the electrode surface to enhance the determination accuracy of O2•-. The anodic peak current ratio between 2-naphthol and MB exhibited a good linear relationship with the concentration of O2•- from 2 to 200 µM. Because of the stable molecule character of ND and its specific reaction with O2•-, the developed electrochemical sensor demonstrated excellent selectivity toward various potential interferences in the brain and good stability even after storage for 7 days. Accordingly, the present electrochemical sensor with high selectivity, high stability, and high accuracy was successfully exploited in monitoring the levels of O2•- in the rat brain and that of the diabetic model followed by cerebral ischemia.

10.
Exp Neurol ; 341: 113683, 2021 Mar 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711325

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) induced the gastrointestinal inflammation that is associated with TBI-related morbidity and mortality. Carbon monoxide-releasing molecule (CORM)-3 is a water-soluble exogenous carbon monoxide that exerts protective effects against inflammation-induced pyroptosis. We investigated the gastrointestinal inflammation in a rodent model of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with subsequent hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR), as well as effects of CORM-3 using an intestinal injection on both gut and brain. METHODS: Following exposure to TBI plus HSR, rats were administrated with CORM-3 (8 mg/kg) through an intestinal injection after resuscitation immediately. The pathological changes and pyroptosis in the gut were measured at 24 h and 30 day post-trauma. We also assessed the intestinal and cortical CO content, as well as IL-1ß and IL-18 levels in the serum within 48 h after trauma. We then explored pathological changes in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and neurological behavior deficits on 30 day post-trauma. RESULTS: After TBI + HSR exposure, CORM-3-treated rats presented significantly decreased pyroptosis, more CO content in the jejunum, and lower IL-1ß, IL-18 levels in the serum at 24 h after trauma. Moreover, the rats treated with CORM-3 exerted ameliorated jejunal and vmPFC injury, enhanced learning/memory ability and exploratory activity, improved anxiety-like behaviors than the TBI + HSR-treated rats on 30 day post-trauma. CONCLUSION: These experimental data demonstrated and bidirectional gut-brain interactions after TBI, anti-inflammatory effects of CORM-3, which may improve late outcomes after brain injury.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(4)2021 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669417

RESUMEN

The detection of rotor motion is always key to ensure the normal operation of industrial sewing machines. This paper presents a novel method for rotor detection based on charge induction mechanism, which is suitable for industrial environments with high noise and electromagnetic radiation and is easy to install. Firstly, the principle of measuring rotor rotation based on charge induction is given. Then, the detection model of rotor direction identification based on two detection electrodes is established. Finally, details are given of the detection circuit design and the experiment that was carried out. The results show that the proposed method can effectively identify the noncontact rotor direction with and without occlusion, indicating that the method has excellent anti-interference capability. The accuracy of the method can be further improved by increasing the sampling rate and sampling points of the system.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(13): 3982-3991, 2021 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755449

RESUMEN

As important signal metabolites within enterohepatic circulation, bile acids (BAs) play a pivotal role during the occurrence and development of diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Here, we evaluated the functional effects of BAs and gut microbiota contributing to sucralose consumption-induced NAFLD of mice. The results showed that sucralose consumption significantly upregulated the abundance of intestinal genera Bacteroides and Clostridium, which produced deoxycholic acid (DCA) accumulating in multiple biological matrixes including feces, serum, and liver of mice. Subsequently, elevated hepatic DCA, one of the endogenous antagonists of the farnesol X receptor (Fxr), inhibited hepatic gene expression including a small heterodimer partner (Shp) and Fxr leading to sucralose-induced NAFLD in mice. Dietary supplements with fructo-oligosaccharide or metformin markedly restored genera Bacteroides and Clostridium abundance and the DCA level of sucralose-consuming mice, which eventually ameliorated NAFLD. These findings highlighted the effects of gut microbiota and its metabolite DCA on sucralose-induced NAFLD of mice.

13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5064, 2021 Mar 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658614

RESUMEN

Amur ide (Leuciscus waleckii), a Cyprinid species, is broadly distributed in Northeast Asia. Different from its freshwater counterparts, the population in Lake Dali Nor has a strong alkalinity tolerance and can adapt to extremely alkali-saline water with bicarbonate over 50 mmol/L. To uncover the genetic basis of its alkaline adaptation, three populations, including one alkali form from Lake Dali Nor (DL), one freshwater form from its adjacent sister Lake Ganggeng Nor (GG), and one freshwater form from its historical origin, namely, the Songhua River (SH), were analyzed using genome resequencing technology. A total of 679.82 Gb clean data and 38,091,163 high-quality single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci were detected in the three populations. Nucleotide diversity and population structure analysis revealed that the DL and GG populations have lower nucleotide diversities and different genetic structures than those of the SH population. Selective sweeping showed 21 genes involved in osmoregulatory regulation (DLG1, VIPR1, AKT1, and GNAI1), inflammation and immune responses (DLG1, BRINP1, CTSL, TRAF6, AKT1, STAT3, GNAI1, SEC22b, and PSME4b), and cardiorespiratory development (TRAF6, PSME4b, STAT3, AKT1, and COL9A1) to be associated with alkaline adaption of the DL population. Interestingly, selective pressure (CodeML, MEME, and FEL) methods identified two functional codon sites of VIPR1 to be under positive selection in the DL population. The subsequent 3D protein modeling confirmed that these selected sites will incur changes in protein structure and function in the DL population. In brief, this study provides molecular evidence of population divergence and alkaline adaptation, which will be very useful for revealing the genetic basis of alkaline adaptation in Amur ide.

14.
Shock ; 2021 Mar 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756501

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Vascular hypo-reactivity plays a critical role inducing organ injury during hemorrhagic shock. 17ß-estradiol (E2) can induce vasodilation to increase blood flow in various vascular beds. This study observed whether E2 can restore vascular hypo-reactivity induced by hemorrhagic shock, and whether E2 effects are associated with RhoA - Rho kinase (ROCK)- myosin light chain kinase phosphatase (MLCP) pathway. The hemorrhagic shock model (40 ±â€Š2 mmHg for 1 h, resuscitation for 4 h) was established in ovary intact sham operation (OVI), ovariectomized (OVX) and OVX plus E2 supplement female mice. Intestinal microvascular loop was used to assess blood flow in vivo, mRNA expression and vascular reactivity in vitro. Hemorrhagic shock significantly reduced norepinephrine microvascular reactivity. Decreased microvascular reactivity was exacerbated by OVX and reversed by E2 supplement. U-46619 (RhoA agonist) increased microvascular reactivity, and C3 transferase (an ADP ribosyl transferase that selectively induces RhoA ribosylation) or Y-27632 (ROCK inhibitor) inhibited sham mice microvascular reactivity. Similarly, U-46619 increased microvascular reactivity in OVI and OVX mice following hemorrhagic shock, which was abolished by Y-27632 or concomitant incubation of okadaic acid (OA) (MLCP inhibitor) and Y-27632. In OVX plus E2 supplement mice with hemorrhagic shock, Y-27632 inhibited microvascular reactivity, which was abolished by concomitant U-46619 application. Lastly, hemorrhagic shock remarkably decreased intestinal loop blood flow, RhoA and ROCK mRNA expressions in vascular tissues in OVX females, but not in OVI females, which were reversed by E2 supplement. These results indicate that estrogen improves microvascular reactivity during hemorrhagic shock, and RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway may mediate E2 effects.

15.
J Environ Manage ; 286: 112254, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676131

RESUMEN

In this study, the pure terephthalic acid sludge was treated by a drying process which was an economical and environmentally method. The water change and metabolic pathways for bacterial community function prediction were analyzed. The microbial community changes were studied by high-throughput sequencing to draw the dynamic succession model. Then multiple statistics was used to determine the key factors of the reduction. The results showed that the main stage of water loss in the PTA sludge drying process was the high temperature period where the water lost by evaporation accounted for more than 90% of the total removal. The main metabolic pathways for bacterial community function were amino acid (7.72%-8.71% of Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes relative abundance and 8.26%-9.51% of Cluster of orthologous groups of proteins relative abundance) and carbohydrate metabolism. The model describing the dynamic succession of microbial communities showed that the dominant bacteria changed from Nitrospira, Novosphingobium and Azohydromonas to Pseudomonas, Paeniglutamicibac and Pelotomaculum. The key factors for water loss were Gemmatimonas, Novosphingobium and Azohydromonas with the correlation coefficients of 0.887, 0.772, 0.783, respectively; the key factors for dry matter loss were Pelotomaculum, total organic matter, dissovlved organic carbon and carbon/nitrogen ratio; the key factors for toxic substance loss were Brevundimonas, Novosphingobium and Gemmatimonas. These results provided theoretical support for the application and demonstration for hazardous waste sludge reduction.


Asunto(s)
Aguas del Alcantarillado , Agua , Reactores Biológicos , Desecación , Nitrógeno/análisis , Aguas Residuales
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 774: 145585, 2021 Jun 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607432

RESUMEN

Bioaccessibility/bioavailability (bioac-bioav) is an important criterion in the risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), especially in the restoration of contaminated sites. Although, the bioac-bioav concept is widely employed in PAH risk assessment for both humans and wildlife, their growth and integration in risk assessment models are seldom discussed. Consequently, the relevant literature listed on Web of Science (WOS)™ was retrieved and analyzed using the bibliometric software Citespace in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of this issue. Due to the limitations of the literature search software, we manually searched the articles about PAHs bioac-bioav that were published before 2000. This stage focuses on research on the distribution coefficient of PAHs between different environmental phases and laid the foundation for the adsorption-desorption of PAHs in subsequent studies of the bioac-bioav of PAHs. The research progress on PAH bioac-bioav from 2000 to the present was evaluated using the Citespace software based on country- and discipline-wise publication volumes and research hotspots. The development stages of PAH bioac-bioav after 2000 were divided into four time segments. The first three segments (2000-2005, 2006-2010, and 2011-2015) focused on the degradation of PAHs and their in vivo (bioavailability)-in vitro (bioaccessibility) evaluation method and risk assessment. Meanwhile, the current (2016-present) research focuses on the establishment of analytical methods for assessing PAH derivatives at environmental concentrations and the optimization of various in vitro digestion methods, including chemical optimization (sorptive sink) and biological optimization (Caco-2 cell). The contents are aimed at supplying researchers with a deeper understanding of the development of PAH bioac-bioav.


Asunto(s)
Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Contaminantes del Suelo , Disponibilidad Biológica , Células CACO-2 , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales/análisis , Humanos , Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análisis , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis
17.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 209: 105844, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582305

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Being one of the most prevalent metabolic and endocrine disorders, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) has been proven to be associated with microRNA-130b-3p (miR-130b-3p). However, the exact role played by miR-130b-3p in the pathogenesis and progression of PCOS remains unknown. Thus, this article is focused on elucidating the function of miR-130b-3p in the pathogenesis of PCOS. METHODS: The expression levels of miR-130b-3p and SMAD4 in tissues and cells responsible for the development of PCOS were determined by RT-qPCR and western blot. A miR-130b-3p mimic/inhibitor or si-SMAD4 were transfected into KGN cells. The cell viability was detected by CCK-8 and EDU methods. The activity of caspase-3 was measured by caspase-3 analysis. Subsequently, apoptosis and the cell cycle were measured via flow cytometry. The correlation between SMAD4 and miR-130b-3p was confirmed using an RNA pull-down assay and a dual luciferase reporter system assay. RESULTS: MiR-130b-3p was upregulated in the KGN cells and ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) of PCOS patients. It was found that miR-130b-3p overexpression or SMAD4 silencing can promote KGN cell proliferation and positive EDU rates, induce S phase arrest, inhibit apoptosis and caspase-3 activity. On the other hand, miR-130b-3p inhibitors reduce KGN cell proliferation, inhibit apoptosis and reverse the effect of si-SMAD4. CONCLUSION: MiR-130b-3p directly interacts with SMAD4 to induce KGN cell proliferation, inhibit apoptosis, suggesting that miR-130b-3p expression is positively correlated with the development of PCOS. This may serve as new evidence for the abnormal proliferation of GCs in PCOS.

18.
Analyst ; 146(7): 2264-2276, 2021 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599630

RESUMEN

Liquid biopsy is becoming an innovative tool in precision oncology owing to its noninvasive identification of biomarkers circulating in the body fluid at various time points for continuous and real-time analysis of disease progression. MicroRNAs in blood exosomes are identified as a new promising class of potential biomarkers for cancer diagnostics and prognostics. Conventional detection of blood exosomal microRNAs need multiple-step, complicated, costly, and time-consuming sample preparation of exosomes isolation and RNA extract, which affect the accuracy and reproducibility of analytical results. In this work, we set up an in situ quantitative analysis of human plasma exosomal miR-1246 by a probe of 2'-O-methyl and phosphorothioate modified molecular beacon. The probe has outstanding nuclease resistance in highly active RNase A/T1/I, which makes it stable for direct application in blood samples. With rapid rupture of exosomes membrane by Triton X-100, the probe can enter exosomes to specifically target miR-1246 exhibiting quantitative fluorescent signals. Using the output signals as a diagnostic marker, we differentiated 33 breast cancer patients from 37 healthy controls with 97.30% sensitivity and 93.94% specificity at the best cutoff. The blood biopsy is simple without extracting plasma exosomes and their nucleic acids content, time-saving in about 2 h of total analysis process, and microvolumes needed for plasma sample, suggesting its good potential to clinical application.

19.
Environ Pollut ; 277: 116767, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640823

RESUMEN

Microplastics, as emerging pollutant, are predicted to act as carriers for organic pollutants, but the carrier role and bio-toxic effects with other pollutants in environments are poorly acknowledged. In this study, both the single and combined effects of polyethylene (PE, 10 and 40 mg/L) with the particle size of 100-150 µm and 9-Nitroanthracene (9-NAnt, 5 and 500 µg/L) on zebrafish (Danio rerio) had been investigated. The results illustrated that PE could be as 9-NAnt carrier to enter into zebrafish body, but significantly reduced the bioaccumulation of 9-NAnt, due to the occurrence of adsorption interactions between the simultaneous presence of both PE and 9-NAnt. After 4 days, the enzymes activity of cytochrome P4501A, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the abundance of malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid peroxide (LPO) responded strongly to low-dose PE exposure (10 mg/L). After 7 days exposure to PE-9-NAnt (40 mg/L), the P4501A activity increased significantly, but the activities of AChE and LDH were inhibited clearly, causing certain neurotoxicity and disorders of energy metabolism to zebrafish. The analysis of integrated biomarker response index (IBR) suggested that PE had greater bio-toxicity to zebrafish in all exposure groups after short-term exposure, but the PE-9-NAnt complex showed greater bio-toxicity after 7 days, which indicated that complex exposure of PE-9-NAnt had a delayed effect on the bio-toxicity of zebrafish. Furthermore, analysis of the intestinal microbiota exhibited that under the conditions of the exposure group with 9-NAnt, the relative abundance of the five dominant bacterial phyla (Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Fusobacteriota, Bacteroidota and Verrucomicrobiota) changed greatly. Overall, this study confirmed that PE could carry 9-NAnt into fish causing bioaccumulation, but in the case of coexisting exposures, PE reduced 9-NAnt bioaccumulation, suggesting that microplastics with other emerging pollutants in chronic toxicity are probably next objects in future works.


Asunto(s)
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Animales , Antracenos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Plásticos , Polietileno , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/toxicidad , Pez Cebra/metabolismo
20.
Inflammation ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575924

RESUMEN

Following hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, Kupffer cells could be activated by inflammatory factors released from damaged hepatocytes. Carbon monoxide (CO)-releasing molecule (CORM)-3, a water-soluble transition metal carbonyl, exhibits excellent anti-inflammatory and anti-pyroptosis properties. We investigated whether CORM-3 attenuated hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR)-induced pyroptosis of Kupffer cells through the soluble guanylate-cyclase (sGC)-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) signal pathway. NS2028 (10 mg/kg), a blocker of sGC, was administrated at the onset of hemorrhage, but CORM-3 (4 mg/kg) was infused after resuscitation via femoral vein. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels, tumor necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) were measured at 3, 6, 12, and 24 h after HSR, respectively. Six hours post-HSR, liver injury, pyroptosis of Kupffer cells, and expressions in total caspase-1, cleaved caspase-1, gasdermin D (GSDMD) N-terminal fragment, IL-1ß, and IL-18 were measured by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E), immunofluorescence and western blot assays, respectively (Fig. 1). The rats exposed to HSR exhibited significant upregulated levels of serum ALT, AST, TNF-α, and IL-1ß, elevated liver injury score, increased pyroptosis of Kupffer cells, and accumulated expressions of pyroptosis-associated protein including cleaved caspase-1, GSDMD N-terminal fragment, IL-1ß, and IL-18 than sham-treated rats. However, CORM-3 administration markedly reduced liver injury and pyroptosis of Kupffer cells, whereas these protective effects could be partially blocked by NS2028. CORM-3 can mitigate pyroptosis of Kupffer cells in a blood loss and re-infusion model of rats via sGC-cGMP signal pathway.

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