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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 50(7): 676-683, 2022 Jul 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856224

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the impact of empagliflozin on peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in patients with heart failure with mildly reduced ejection fraction (HFmrEF). Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, consecutive HFmrEF patients admitted to the Department of Cardiology of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from September 2019 to October 2020 were screened, and randomly assigned to empagliflozin group (EG) or conventional group (CG) using a random number table. The enrolled patients were treated according to the guidelines, and patients in the empagliflozin group received additional empagliflozin (10 mg, once a day, orally) on top of the conventional treatment. The primary end points were VO2peak at 6 months after treatment, and the secondary end points included other parameters of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), 6-minute walking distance, N-terminal B-type pro-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level, and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) score. Results: A total of 112 patients were included (mean age 69 (57, 78) years, 84 male (75.0%)). There were 55 cases in CG group and 57 cases in EG group. There were no significant differences in baseline data including age, sex, body mass index, left ventricular ejection fraction, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, estimated glomerular filtration rate, glycosylated hemoglobin, hemoglobin, NT-proBNP, daily dose of tolasemi, combined medication, CPET parameters, the proportion of New York Heart Association heart function Ⅲ/Ⅳ, history of coronary heart disease, history of hypertension, history of diabetes (all P>0.05). At 6 months after treatment, VO2peak was significantly higher in EG group than in CG group(P=0.023). VE/VCO2 slope was significantly lower in EG group than in CG group(P=0.034). Oxygen uptake efficiency slope was significantly higher in EG group than in CG group(P=0.038). The level of NT-proBNP was significantly lower in EG group than in CG group(P=0.020). Six-minute walking distance was significantly higher in EG group than in CG group(P=0.037). KCCQ score was significantly higher in EG group than in CG group(P=0.048). Exercise oscillatory ventilation decreased in both groups (1 case in each group, P>0.05). Conclusion: Empagliflozin can significantly improve VO2peak in patients with HFmrEF.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda , Anciano , Compuestos de Bencidrilo , Glucósidos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Péptido Natriurético Encefálico , Oxígeno/uso terapéutico , Fragmentos de Péptidos , Volumen Sistólico/fisiología , Función Ventricular Izquierda
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(7): 990-993, 2022 Jul 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899354

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to investigate the preventive effect of pancreatic duct stent on acute pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. A retrospective analysis of the case data of patients who first underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for choledocholithiasis in the Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2015 to December 2019 for 5 years. According to whether the pancreatic duct stent was indwelled during the operation, they were divided into pancreatic duct stent group (147 cases) and non-indwelling pancreatic duct stent group (192 cases). The incidence of acute pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was compared between the two groups according to COTTON criteria. Independent sample t test, Pearson Chi-square test (χ2) and Fisher's exact test were used to compare groups' differences. There were 2 cases of acute pancreatitis in the pancreatic duct stent group, all of which improved after 48 hours. There were 22 cases of acute pancreatitis in the non-indwelling pancreatic duct stent group, of which 20 cases improved within 48 hours, and the other 2 cases had severe pancreatitis, which improved and discharged after 30 days of treatment. There was significant difference in the incidence of acute pancreatitis between the pancreatic duct stenting group (1.4%) and the group without placement of pancreatic duct stents (11.5%) (χ²=12.905,P<0.001). In conclusion, Pancreatic duct stent may be an effective method to prevent PEP.


Asunto(s)
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Pancreatitis , Enfermedad Aguda , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efectos adversos , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/métodos , Humanos , Conductos Pancreáticos/cirugía , Pancreatitis/epidemiología , Pancreatitis/etiología , Pancreatitis/prevención & control , Estudios Retrospectivos , Stents/efectos adversos
3.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 223-229, 2022 Jul 05.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896484

RESUMEN

Preventive chemotherapy is one of the pivotal interventions for the control and elimination of schistosomiasis, which is effective to reduce the morbidity and prevalence of schistosomiasis. In order to promote the United Nations' sustainable development goals and the targets set for schistosomiasis control in the Ending the neglect to attain the Sustainable Development Goals: a road map for neglected tropical diseases 2021-2030, WHO released the guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis in 2022, with major evidence-based updates of the current preventive chemotherapy strategy for schistosomiasis. In China where great success has been achieved in schistosomiasis control, the preventive chemotherapy strategy for schistosomiasis has been updated several times during the past seven decades. This article reviews the evolution of the WHO guidelines on preventive chemotherapy and Chinese national preventive chemotherapy schemes, compares the current Chinese national preventive chemotherapy scheme and the recommendations for preventive chemotherapy proposed in the 2022 WHO guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis, and proposes recommendations for preventive chemotherapy during the future implementation of the 2022 WHO guideline, so as to provide insights into schistosomiasis control among public health professionals engaging in healthcare foreign aid.


Asunto(s)
Esquistosomiasis , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Prevalencia , Salud Pública , Esquistosomiasis/tratamiento farmacológico , Esquistosomiasis/epidemiología , Esquistosomiasis/prevención & control , Organización Mundial de la Salud
4.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 235-240, 2022 Jul 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896486

RESUMEN

Currently, the national schistosomiasis control program of China is moving from transmission interruption to elimination, and there are multiple challenges during the stage moving towards the progression of schistosomiasis elimination, including a high difficulty in shrinking snail-infested areas, unstable achievements for infectious source control, imperfect surveillance system and a reduction in schistosomiasis control and administration. Based on the core suggestions proposed in the 2022 WHO guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis, recommendations on schistosomiasis surveillance system building, development of novel diagnostics, adjustment of the schistosomiasis control strategy and maintaining and improvements of the schistosomiasis control capability are proposed for the national schistosomiasis control program of China in the new era according to the actual status of schistosomiasis control in China. Formulation of the national schistosomiasis control strategy and goal from One Health perspective, verification of transmission interruption and elimination of schistosomiasis, precision implementation of schistosomiasis control interventions with adaptations to local circumstances, development and application of highly sensitive and specific diagnostics are recommended for elimination of schistosomiasis in China. In addition, the implementation of the 2022 WHO guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis may guide the elimination of schistosomiasis in China.


Asunto(s)
Objetivos , Esquistosomiasis , Animales , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Esquistosomiasis/epidemiología , Esquistosomiasis/prevención & control , Caracoles , Organización Mundial de la Salud
5.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 252-258, 2022 Jun 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896488

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the spatial-temporal distribution characteristics of Oncomelania hupensis snails in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020, to provide insights into precision control of O. hupensis snails in Anhui Province. METHODS: O. hupensis snail distribution data were collected in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020 and descriptively analyzed, including actual area of snail habitats, area of emerging snail habitats and area of Schistosoma japonicum-infected snails. The actual area of snail habitats and area of emerging snail habitats were subjected to spatial autocorrelation analysis, hotspot analysis, standard deviation ellipse analysis and space-time scanning analysis, and the clusters of snail distribution and settings at high risk of snail spread were identified in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020. RESULTS: The actual area of snail habitats gradually decreased in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020. The actual area of snail habitats were 26 238.85 hm2 in Anhui Province in 2020, which were mainly distributed in marshland and lake regions. There was a large fluctuation in the area of emerging snail habitats in Anhui Province during the period from 2011 to 2020, with the largest area seen in 2016 (1 287.65 hm2), and 1.96 hm2 emerging infected snail habitats were detected in Guichi District, Chizhou City in 2020. Spatial autocorrelation and hotspot analyses showed spatial clusters in the distribution of actual areas of snail habitats in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020 (Z = 3.00 to 3.43, all P values < 0.01), and the hotspots were mainly concentrated in the marshland and lake regions and distributed along the south side of the Yangtze River, while the cold spots were mainly concentrated in the mountainous regions of southern Anhui Province. There were no overall spatial clusters in the distribution of areas of emerging snail habitats (Z = -2.20 to 1.71, all P values > 0.05), and a scattered distribution was found in local regions. Standard deviation ellipse analysis showed relatively stable distributions of the actual areas of snail habitats in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020, which was consistent with the flow direction of the Yangtze River, and the focus of the distribution of areas of emerging snail habitats shifted from the lower reaches to upper reaches of Anhui section of the Yangtze River. Space-time scanning analysis identified two high-value clusters in the distribution of actual areas of snail habitats in lower and middle reaches of Anhui section of the Yangtze River from 2011 to 2020, and two high-value clusters in the distribution of areas of emerging snail habitats were identified in mountainous and hilly regions. CONCLUSIONS: There were spatial clusters in the distribution of O. hupensis snails in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020, which appeared a tendency of aggregation towards the south side and upper reaches of the Yangtze River; however, the spread of O. hupensis snails could not be neglected in mountainous and hilly regions. Monitoring of emerging snail habitats should be reinforced in mountainous and hilly regions and along the Yangtze River basin.


Asunto(s)
Gastrópodos , Schistosoma japonicum , Animales , China/epidemiología , Ecosistema , Lagos , Ríos
6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 269-276, 2022 Jul 05.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896490

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the storage stability of metabolites from actinomycetes Streptomyces nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 and the mollcuscicidal activity against Oncomelania hupensis in the laboratory, and to preliminarily explore the mechanisms of the molluscicidal activity. METHODS: The fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was prepared and stored at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C without light for 10 d; then, the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The fermentation supernatant was boiled in a 100 °C water bath for 30 min and recovered to room temperature, and then the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The pH values of the fermentation supernatant were adjusted to 4.0, 6.0 and 9.0 with concentrated hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide, and the fermentation supernatant was stilled at room temperature for 12 h, with its pH adjusted to 7.0; then, the molluscicidal effect was tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h. The fermentation product of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7was isolated and purified four times with macroporous resin, silica gel and octadecylsilane bonded silica gel. The final products were prepared into solutions at concentrations of 10.00, 5.00, 2.50, 1.25 mg/L and 0.63 mg/L, and the molluscicidal effect of the final productswas tested against O. hupensis following immersion for 72 h, while dechlorination water served as blank controls, and 0.10 mg/L niclosamide served as positive control. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) levels were measured in in O. hupensis soft tissues using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) following exposure to the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7. RESULTS: After the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was placed at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C without light for 10 d, immersion in the stock solution and solutions at 10- and 50-fold dilutions for 72 h resulted in a 100% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. Following boiling at 100 °C for 30 min, immersion in the stock solution and solutions at 10- and 50-fold dilutions for 72 h resulted in a 100.00% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. Following storage at pH values of 4.0 and 6.0 for 12 h, immersion in the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 for 72 h resulted in a 100.00% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality, and following storage at a pH value of 9.0 for 12 h, immersion in the fermentation supernatant of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 for 72 h resulted in a 33.33% (10/30) O. hupensis mortality (χ2 = 30.000, P < 0.05). The minimum concentration of the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 was 1.25 mg/L for achieving a 100% (30/30) O. hupensis mortality. The ATP level was significantly lower in O. hupensis soft tissues exposed to 0.10 mg/L and 1.00 mg/L of the final purified fermentation products of S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 than in controls (F = 7.274, P < 0.05), while no significant difference was detected in the ADP level between the treatment group and controls (F = 2.485, P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The active mollcuscicidal ingredients of the S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 metabolites are maintained stably at -20, 4 °C and 28 °C for 10 d, and are heat and acid resistant but not alkali resistant. The metabolites from S. nigrogriseolus XD 2-7 may cause energy metabolism disorders in O. hupensis, leading to O. hupensis death.


Asunto(s)
Moluscocidas , Caracoles , Adenosina Difosfato/farmacología , Adenosina Trifosfato , Animales , Moluscocidas/farmacología , Gel de Sílice/farmacología , Streptomyces , Agua
7.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2022 Jul 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896944

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease. This study examined sex-specific associations between NAFLD and metabolic factors and investigated the trajectory of risk factors. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 16,140 individuals from Beijing Health Management Cohort. Univariate and multivariate time-dependent Cox regression analyses were performed to identify independent risk factors for new-onset NAFLD. The trajectory of risk factors was investigated using the latent growth curve model and growth mixture model. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 3.15 years, 2,450 (15.18%) participants developed NAFLD. The risk factors for NAFLD in men were increased body mass index (BMI); waist circumference (WC); triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), haemoglobin (Hb), and serum uric acid (SUA) levels; and platelet (PLT) count and decreased serum creatinine-to-body weight (sCr/bw) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. In women, the risk factors were increased BMI, WC, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG), TG, LDL-C, SUA, white blood cell (WBC), and PLT and decreased sCr/bw and HDL-C levels. In addition, BMI, LDL-C, sCr/bw and PLT changing trajectories were associated with NAFLD in men; BMI, WC, TG, LDL-C, SUA and sCr/bw trends was associated with NAFLD risk in women. CONCLUSIONS: Development of NAFLD is associated with BMI, LDL-C, sCr/bw and PLT changing trajectories in men; BMI, WC, TG, LDL-C, SUA and sCr/bw trends are associated an increased risk of NAFLD in women. Deterioration of metabolic risk factors status can be a predictor of NAFLD many years before its occurrence.

8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 25(7): 604-611, 2022 Jul 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844123

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the mid-term efficacy of laparoscopic-assisted natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) colectomy using the Cai tube in the treatment of left colorectal cancer. Methods: A prospective randomized control trial (China Clinical Trials Registration Number: ChiCTR-OOR-15007060) was performed. Sixty patients with left colorectal cancer at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Zhongshan Hospital from September 2015 to August 2017 were prospectively enrolled. Case inclusion criteria: (1) left colorectal adenocarcinoma (rectal cancer with distance ≥ 8 cm from tumor low margin to anal edge, sigmoid colon cancer, descending colon cancer and left transverse colon cancer) confirmed by preoperative pathology; (2) satisfactory conditions of conventional laparoscopic surgery; (3) maximum diameter of the tumor < 4.5 cm confirmed by preoperative abdominal and pelvic CT or MRI; (4) BMI < 30 kg/m2. Case exclusion criteria: (1) benign lesions, mucinous adenocarcinoma, signet-ring cell carcinoma and other special pathological types of tumors confirmed by preoperative pathological examination; (2) multiple or recurrent cancers; (3) with a history of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy; (4) obvious regional infiltration or distant metastasis indicated by preoperative imaging examination; (5) intestinal obstruction, intestinal perforation, etc. Participants were randomly assigned to NOSES group (using the Cai tube) and conventional laparoscopy (CL) group by random number table method. Clinical data between two groups were compared and analyzed, including perioperative conditions, tumor exfoliation cell detection and bacterial culture results of intraperitoneal lavage fluid, postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo grading), postoperative pain [visual simulation scoring (VAS) assessment], anal function (Kirwan anal function grading assessment), and postoperative 3-year disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), overall recurrence rate, and local recurrence rate. Results: A total of 60 patients were enrolled, with 30 in the NOSES group and 30 in the CL group. All the patients in the NOSES group successfully completed operation with Cai tube. Baseline data between the two groups were not significantly different (all P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between two groups in conversion rate to open surgery, number of lymph node harivested, proximal and distal resection margin of tumor, negative rate of circumferential margin, operation time, blood loss, inflammatory indexes, postoperative anal function, postoperative hospital stay, hospitalization cost, morbidity of postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo grade II or above) (all P>0.05). Compared to the CL group, the NOSES group had lower maximum postoperative VAS score (2.5±0.3 vs. 5.1±0.4, t=3.187, P<0.01), and fewer use of additional postoperative analgesia [6.7% (2/30) vs. 33.3% (10/30),χ2=6.670, P=0.02]. The postoperative time to gas passage was shorter in the NOSES group [(2.2±1.4) days vs. (3.1±1.2) days,P=0.026]. No tumor cells and bacterial contamination were found in abdominal lavage fluid before and after operation in either group. The anal function at postoperative 3-month of all the patients in the NOSES group was Kirwan grade I to II, while in the CL group, anal function of 2 cases (6.7%) was Kirwan grade III, and of 28 cases was also Kirwan grade I to II, whose difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). In the NOSES group and the CL group, 3-year DFS was 96.7% and 83.3% (P=0.090), OS was 100% and 90% (P=0.096), overall recurrence rate was 3.3% and 10.0% (P=0.166), and local recurrence rate was 3.3% and 3.3% (P=0.999), respectively, whose differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). Conclusions: In the treatment of left colorectal cancer, compared with conventional laparoscopic colectomy, NOSES colectomy using Cai tube exhibits less scar, less postoperative pain, shorter recovery of gastrointestinal function, and similar mid-term outcomes. Given proper surgical indications, the surgical procedure is safe and feasible.


Asunto(s)
Laparoscopía , Neoplasias del Recto , Neoplasias del Colon Sigmoide , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Dolor Postoperatorio , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Neoplasias del Recto/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Neoplasias del Colon Sigmoide/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 25(7): 612-620, 2022 Jul 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844124

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of high risk factors questionnaire (HRFQ), Asia-Pacific colorectal screening (APCS) score and their combinations with fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in screening advanced colorectal neoplasia, in order to provide an evidence for further optimization of cancer screening program. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used to summarize and analyze the results of colorectal tumor screening in Jiashan County, Zhejiang Province from March 2017 to July 2018. Those with severe diseases that were not suitable for colonoscopy and those with mental and behavioral abnormalities who can not cooperate with the screening were excluded. Those who met any one or more of the followings in the HRFQ questionnaire were classified as high-risk people of HRFQ: (1) first-degree relatives with a history of colorectal cancer; (2) subjects with a history of cancer or any other malignant tumor; (3) subjects with a history of intestinal polyps; (4) those with two or more of the followings: chronic constipation (constipation lasted for more than 2 months per year in the past two years), chronic diarrhea (diarrhea lasted for more than 3 months in the past two years, and the duration of each episode was more than one week), mucus and bloody stools, history of adverse life events (occurring within the past 20 years and causing greater trauma or distress to the subject after the event), history of chronic appendicitis or appendectomy, history of chronic biliary disease or cholecystectomy. In this study, those who were assessed as high risk by HRFQ were recorded as "HRFQ (+)", and those who were not at high risk were recorded as "HRFQ (-)". The APCS questionnaire provided risk scores based on 4 risk factors including age, gender, family history and smoking: (1) age: 2 points for 50-69 years old, 3 points for 70 years old and above; (2) gender: 1 point for male, 0 point for women; (3) family history: 2 points for first-degree relatives suffering from colorectal cancer; (4) smoking: 1 point for current or past smoking, 0 point for non-smokers. The population was divided into low-risk (0-1 point), intermediate-risk (2-3 points), and high-risk (4-7 points). Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS were recorded as "APCS (+)", and those with intermediate and low risk were recorded as "APCS (-)". The hemoglobin threshold for a positive FIT was set to 100 µg/L. Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS with positive FIT were recorded as "APCS+FIT (+)". Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS with negative FIT, those who were assessed by APCS as low-middle risk with positive FIT, and those who were assessed by APCS as low-middle with negative FIT were all recorded as "APCS+FIT(-)". Observation indicators in this study were as follows: (1) the screening compliance rate of the cohort and the detection of advanced colorectal tumors; (2) positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of HRFQ and APCS and their combination with FIT for screening advanced colorectal tumors; (3) comparison of the detection rate between HRFQ and APCS questionnaire for different colorectal lesions. Using SPSS 21.0 software, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the clinical value of HRFQ and APCS combined with FIT in screening advanced colorectal tumors. Results: From 2017 to 2018 in Jiashan County, a total of 53 268 target subjects were screened, and 42 093 people actually completed the questionnaire, with a compliance rate of 79.02%. A total of 8145 cases underwent colonoscopy. A total of 3607 cases among HRFQ positive population (5320 cases) underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 67. 80%; 8 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 88 cases were advanced colorectal adenoma. A total of 2977 cases among APCS positive population (11 942 cases) underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 24.93%; 17 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 148 cases were advanced colorectal adenoma. The positive rate of HRFQ screening was lower than that of APCS [12.6% (5320/42 093) vs. 28.4% (11 942/42 093), χ2=3195. 547, P<0.001]. In the FIT positive population (6223 cases), a total of 4894 cases underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 78.64%; 34 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 224 cases were advanced adenoma. The positive predictive values of HRFQ and APCS and their combination with FIT for screening advanced colorectal tumors were 2.67%, 5.54%, 5.44%, and 8.56%; negative predictive values were 94.89%, 96.85%, 96.11% and 96.99%; sensitivity was 29.27%, 50.30%, 12.20 % and 39.02%; specificity was 55.09%, 64.03%, 91.11% and 82.51%, respectively. The ROC curves constructed by HRFQ, APCS, FIT, HRFQ+FIT and APCS+FIT indicated that APCS+FIT presented the highest efficacy in screening advanced colorectal tumors (AUC: 0.608, 95%CI: 0.574-0.642). The comparison of the detection rates of different colorectal lesions between HRFQ and APCS questionnaires showed that there were no significant differences in detection rate of inflammatory polyps and hyperplastic polyps between the two questionnaires (both P>0.05). However, as compared to HRFQ questionnaire, APCS questionnaire had higher detection rates in non-advanced adenomas [26.10% (777/2977) vs. 19.43% (701/3607), χ2=51.228, P<0.001], advanced adenoma [4.97% (148/2977) vs. 2.44% (88/3607), χ2=30.249, P<0.001] and colorectal cancer [0.57% (17 /2977) vs. 0.22% (8/3607), χ2=5.259, P=0.022]. Conclusions: APCS has a higher detection rate of advanced colorectal tumors than HRFQ. APCS combined with FIT can further improve the effectiveness of advanced colorectal tumor screening.


Asunto(s)
Adenoma , Neoplasias Colorrectales , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Anciano , Asia , Colonoscopía , Neoplasias Colorrectales/patología , Estreñimiento , Diarrea , Detección Precoz del Cáncer/métodos , Heces , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 25(7): 636-644, 2022 Jul 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844129

RESUMEN

Surgery is the main curative treatment for gastric cancer. As surgical techniques continue to improve, the scope of radical resection and lymph node dissection has formed consensus and guidelines, so people's attention has gradually shifted to the quality of life (QOL) of patients after surgery. Postgastrectomy syndrome is a series of symptoms and signs caused by complications after gastrectomy, which can affect the quality of life of patients with gastric cancer after surgery. Gastrectomy and anastomosis are closely related to postgastrectomy syndrome. The selection of appropriate surgical methods is very important to the quality of life of patients after surgery. This article reviews the effects of gastrectomy procedures on postoperative quality of life of patients with gastric cancer and its evaluation methods.


Asunto(s)
Síndromes Posgastrectomía , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomía/métodos , Humanos , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático/efectos adversos , Calidad de Vida , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicaciones
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(6): 831-837, 2022 Jun 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785865

RESUMEN

To detect the expression of galectin-13 in allergic diseases and provide a new way for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases. A retrospective analysis method was used to screen 216 patients with allergic diseases with house dust mites or aspergillus as allergens who visited the Department of Allergy and Department of Respiratory of Tongji Hospital attached Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from March 2018 to May 2021. These allergic diseases included allergic asthma, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, atopic dermatitis, allergic urticaria. 25 subjects without underlying diseases were selected as healthy controls. The galectin-13 content in serum in each group were detected, and the Pearson correlation was used to determine the correlation between the galectin-13 content in serum in each group and blood eosinophil count, blood specific IgE, the score scale of allergic disease. The expression of Galectin-13 was increased in allergic asthma group (71.44±39.44) pg/ml, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis group (100.10±47.62) pg/ml, allergic rhinitis group (54.11±24.81) pg/ml and dermatitis group (44.12±19.51) pg/ml. The expression of galectin-13 was not significantly increased in allergic urticaria group (32.75±10.29) pg/ml and the allergic conjunctivitis group (30.55±9.87) pg/ml. The galectin-13 content in serum, was positively correlated with blood eosinophil count(rs=0.54, P<0.001) and house dust mite specific IgE (rs=0.51, P<0.001) in allergic asthma group, and was positively correlated with blood eosinophil count(rs=0.63, P=0.025) and aspergillus fumigatus specific IgE (rs=0.58, P=0.046) in allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis group. It was positively correlated with blood eosinophil count (rs=0.52, P=0.000 2) and house dust mite specific IgE (rs=0.41, P=0.005) in allergic rhinitis group. In allergic conjunctivitis group, the expression of galectin-13 was positively correlated with conjunctivitis symptom score (rs=0.47, P=0.048). In atopic dermatitis group, the expression of galectin-13 was positively correlated with blood eosinophil count (rs=0.58, P<0.001) and house dust mite specificity IgE (rs=0.47, P=0.002). In allergic urticaria group, the expression of galectin-13 was not significantly correlated with blood eosinophil count or house dust mite specific IgE. Galectin-13 may be related to the occurrence and progress of allergic diseases and may be involved in the occurrence of eosinophilic inflammation.


Asunto(s)
Aspergilosis Broncopulmonar Alérgica , Asma , Conjuntivitis Alérgica , Dermatitis Atópica , Rinitis Alérgica , Urticaria , Alérgenos , Galectinas , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina E/análisis , Membrana Mucosa/química , Proteínas Gestacionales , Estudios Retrospectivos
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(26): 1987-1992, 2022 Jul 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35817722

RESUMEN

Objective: To estimate endometrial cancer (EC) incidence and mortality in China in 2015. Methods: Qualified cancer registry data collected in 2011-2015 were pooled for analysis, from which EC cases and deaths were extracted. EC cases were classified into endometrioid, nonendometrioid and other & unspecified according to their histologic types. Incidence and mortality rates stratified by region and age group were calculated. Population data of 2015 was used to estimate cancer cases and deaths in China. Segi's population was used for the calculation of age-standardized rates by world standard population (ASW). Results: Data from 158, 176, 239, 235, 231 qualified cancer registries of 2011 to 2015 were pooled together. These registries covered about 488 million population, including about 255 million population in urban area and 233 million population in rural area. In 2015, a total of 53 600 EC cases were estimated, with a crude incidence rate of 7.74/100 000 and an ASW of 5.13/100 000. Incidence rates were higher in urban areas (9.15/100 000) than in rural areas (6.20/100 000). A total of 10 700 deaths were estimated, with a crude mortality rate of 1.60/100 000 and an ASW of 0.98/100 000. Mortality rate was higher in urban areas (1.78/100 000) than in rural areas (1.40/100 000). Among reported EC cases during 2011-2015, 70.92% (23 641 cases) were endometrioid, 5.13% (1 709 cases) were nonendometrioid and 23.95% (7 982 cases) were other & unspecified. The mean age at onset of all EC cases was 55.9±10.6. The mean age at onset of endometrioid cases (55.7±10.0) was younger than that of nonendometrioid cases (57.7±10.8) (P<0.001). The mean age at onset of all histologic types in urban areas was higher than that in rural areas (P<0.001). The mean age at death for EC deaths was 63.9±12.5. The mean age at death in urban areas (65.3±12.5) was higher than that in rural areas (61.4±12.2) (P<0.001). Conclusion: EC disease burden differs between urban and rural areas. Targeted cancer prevention and control strategies should be made for each region.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Endometriales , Población Rural , China/epidemiología , Neoplasias Endometriales/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Sistema de Registros , Población Urbana
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(26): 2030-2032, 2022 Jul 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35817729

RESUMEN

To investigate the effect and clinical value of morcellation within disposable extraction bag with traction wire through posterior vaginal fornix in laparoscopic myomectomy. A total of 42 patients who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy and morcellation through posterior vaginal fornix in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2019 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. After the uterine fibroids were removed, the fibroids were placed into the extraction bag, tightening the mouth of the bag with a traction wire to make it airtight. After the uterine incisions were sutured, the extraction bag was taken out through the posterior fornix of the vagina, and the fibroids were broken up with a scalpel in the bag and taken out. The fibroids were successfully removed from the 42 patients through the posterior fornix of the vagina. There were no fibroids fragments found in the peritoneal cavity and vagina. There were no malignant cells or spindle cells found in the peritoneal lavage cytology before and after the operation. After filling the extraction bags with water, there was no leakage. There were 39 cases of uterine leiomyoma, 2 cases of cell-rich uterine leiomyoma, and 1 case of smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential in postoperative pathological diagnosis. Forty-two cases were followed up for 6 to 30 months. The posterior vaginal fornix incision healed well and there was no recurrence or metastasis. Morcellation within disposable extraction bag with traction wire through posterior vaginal fornix in laparoscopic myomectomy is a safe and feasible method for fibroids removal, which may help to reduce the dissemination of iatrogenic tumors.


Asunto(s)
Laparoscopía , Leiomioma , Morcelación , Miomectomía Uterina , Neoplasias Uterinas , Femenino , Humanos , Laparoscopía/métodos , Leiomioma/cirugía , Morcelación/métodos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tracción , Miomectomía Uterina/métodos , Neoplasias Uterinas/patología
14.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(6): 531-539, 2022 Jun 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35754227

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze and compare the distribution of the high-risk population of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer and the factors influencing the compliance rate of endoscopic screening in urban China and rural China. Methods: From 2015 to 2017, an epidemiological survey was conducted on residents aged 40-69 in two rural areas (Luoshan county of Henan province, Sheyang county of Jiangsu province) and two urban areas (Changsha city of Hunan province, Harbin city of Heilongjiang province). As a result, high-risk individuals were recommended for endoscopic screening. Chi-square χ(2) test was used to compare the high-risk rate of UGI cancer between urban and rural residents. In addition, the multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors influencing the compliance rate of endoscopic screening. Results: A total of 48, 310 residents aged 40-69 were enrolled in this study, including 22 870 (47.34%) residents from rural areas and 25 440 (52.66%) residents from urban areas. A total of 23 532 individuals were assessed with a high risk of UGI cancer, with an overall risk rate of 48.71%. A higher proportion of participants with high risk was observed in rural China (56.17%, 12 845/22 870) than in urban China (42.01%, 10 687/25 440). A total of 10 971 high-risk individuals with UGI cancer participated in endoscopic screening, with an overall compliance rate of 46.62% (10 971/23 532), 45.15% (5 799/12 845) in rural China, and 48.40% (5 172/10 687) in urban China. In rural population, the compliance rate of endoscopic screening was higher in those of females, aged 50-69 years, primary school education or above, high income, a family history of UGI cancer, history of gastric and duodenal ulcer, history of reflux esophagitis, and history of superficial gastritis, but lower in smokers (P<0.05). Among the urban population, the compliance rate of endoscopic screening was higher in those aged 40-49 years, uneducated, low income, family history of UGI cancer, history of reflux esophagitis, history of superficial gastritis, but lower in smokers (P<0.05). Conclusions: The proportion of participants with high risk of UGI cancer in rural areas is higher than that of urban areas. The compliance rates of endoscopic screening in urban and rural areas are low, and influencing factors of endoscopic screening exhibit some differences in rural China and urban China.


Asunto(s)
Esofagitis Péptica , Gastritis , Neoplasias Gastrointestinales , China/epidemiología , Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Femenino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinales/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Gastrointestinales/epidemiología , Humanos , Población Rural , Población Urbana
15.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(6): 648-653, 2022 Jun 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692011

RESUMEN

The oral cavity is the second largest microbial habitat in the whole body. Due to the divergence of oxygen, metabolic substrates and rate-limiting enzymes, oral bacteria are classified into sugar-metabolizing and nitrogen-compound-metabolizing bacteria according to their metabolic characteristics. The metabolites include organic acids, carbon dioxide, amino acids, proteins, and ammonia. Oral bacterial metabolites are very important for oral bacteria growth and reproduction, and also play an important role in systemic diseases such as periodontitis, oral cancer, intestinal diseases, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Therefore, in-depth exploration of oral bacterial metabolism is of great significance to understand the impact of oral cavity on systemic health. This article reviews the metabolic characteristics of oral bacteria and their correlation with systemic diseases.


Asunto(s)
Microbiota , Periodontitis , Bacterias , Humanos , Periodontitis/microbiología
17.
J Dent Res ; : 220345221098334, 2022 Jun 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35708455

RESUMEN

To develop dental restorative materials with enamel-like structures, ultralong hydroxyapatite (HA) nanowires were synthesized by a hydrothermal method, followed by functionalization with 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (KH-570). The mixture of HA nanowires, KH-570, and light initiator was stirred and centrifuged. The precipitate was vacuum filtered to remove excessive KH-570 and then pressured under cold isostatic pressing (10 MPa × 24 h). Finally, the block was polymerized by lighting. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed that HA nanowires with aspect ratios >1,000 were assembled into enamel rod-like microstructures and evenly dispersed in the polymerized KH-570 silane matrix to form enamel-like structures. Thermogravimetric analysis demonstrated that the content of HA nanowires reached 72 wt% in the composite. The enamel-like composite showed a similar hardness, frictional property, and acid-etching property to those of enamel and a comparable or even better diametral tensile strength and compressive strength than some commercial composite resins in mechanical tests in vitro. In addition, the enamel-like composite had good cytocompatibility. Such enamel-like composites may have the potential to be used in biomimetic tooth restorations in the future.

18.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(6): 708-710, 2022 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673757

RESUMEN

A 25-year-old women was admitted to the department of Neurology in Affiliated 2nd Hospital of Hainan Medical University due to recurrent syncope for 8 years and return for 2 months. She had multiple episodes of syncope at onset. She presented with the feeling of weakness in both lower limbs, and fatigue in the past year. She experienced pain in the waist and limbs joint in recent three months. Physical examination showed joint hyperactivity in metacarpophalangeal joints of both upper limbs, increased skin elasticity. Active-standing transcranial Doppler (TCD) test showed that the average heart rate (HR) and the average middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow velocity in the supine position were 79 beats/min and 62 cm/s, respectively; while the average HR and the average MCA blood flow velocity in the standing position were 126 beats/min, 47 cm/s. Meanwhile,the blood pressure was normal during the test of supine-to-standing TCD. Genetic testing indicated LDB3 transgenation. The patient was diagnosed as postural tachycardia syndrome (joint-hypermobility-related), Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and relieved by fluid infusion and rehabilitation therapy.


Asunto(s)
Síncope , Ultrasonografía Doppler Transcraneal , Adulto , Velocidad del Flujo Sanguíneo , Presión Sanguínea , Femenino , Humanos , Arteria Cerebral Media/diagnóstico por imagen
19.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e260774, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674574

RESUMEN

Medicinal plants are the primary sources of healthcare among the people of developing countries in villages and local towns. Documenting and reporting the traditional knowledge of medicinal plants may contribute to pharmaceutical research development. For this reason, we present our findings on ethnomedicinal plants from Lingchuan County, Shanxi, China, an unexplored area rich in medicinal plant resources. Information of ethnomedicinal plants were collected through questionnaire/semi-structured interviews from 180 informants, including traditional healers. Field surveys were conducted in 53 villages of Lingchuan County from 2017 to 2018. Informed consent was obtained from each participant before conducting the interview process. Quantitative analysis was performed for each recorded species, such as Relative Frequency Citation (RFC), Use Value (UV), and Factor of Informant Consensus (FIC). Diseases were categorized into twelve groups. A total 138 species of medicinal plants were recorded, belonging to 123 genera of 58 families. Asteraceae was the dominant plant family with 19 species, followed by Rosaceae and Fabaceae. Herbs were dominant among plant life-forms with 96 species, followed by shrubs and trees (15 species each). Roots were the most commonly used plant parts with 58 species, followed by whole plants and fruits (28 species each). Most plant species were reported non-toxic (84, 60%), followed by unknown toxicity (35, 25%), poisonous, and less toxic (19, 14%). Quantitative analysis revealed that Forsythia suspensa was with higher (0.33) RFC value, and Scutellaria baicalensis was recorded with a higher (0.91) UV. Treated diseases were categorized in 12 groups and evaluated by their FIC value, in which gynecological diseases have higher (0.93) FIC value followed by urinary system diseases. Most medicinal plants are used to clear away heat and relieve the surface. The present study revealed that local people of Lingchuan County confidently use ethnomedicinal plants for their healthcare needs. The higher indices value of a plant species resulted from quantitative analysis warrants further investigation, which may possess valuable phytochemical compounds that may result in new drugs for treating various human disorders.


Asunto(s)
Plantas Medicinales , China , Etnobotánica , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Fitoterapia , Plantas Medicinales/química , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Hernia ; 2022 Jun 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35657487

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To describe the eTEP approach for treating lateral primary and incisional hernia and show its results in a prospective series of cases. METHODS: A descriptive prospective study with patients treated surgically for lateral hernias using eTEP approach. Every patient was operated by the same surgeon from November 2018 to December 2021. Inclusion criteria were primary and incisional hernia, lateral and W1 and W2 sized using the EHS classification. Exclusion criteria were W3 hernia, loss of domain, need to remove previous mesh, dystrophic or ulcerative skin, history of previous complex surgery. Details of the surgical technique are described. RESULTS: 34 patients were operated. Median age was 65 years old and BMI, 29.9 (22.1-47.1). There were several locations being the most frequent L3 in 18 patients. The median length was 41 mm (10-129) and width, 44 mm (10-97). The median of defect-mesh ratio was 5.05 (0.9-447.64). TAR was practised in 21 patients (61.8%). Only one patient suffered a clinically relevant complication, being a hematoma (Dindo-Clavien II). 50% of patients were operated in ambulatory surgery. After a median follow-up of 13.5 months, only one recurrence has been reported (2.9%). CONCLUSION: eTEP to treat lateral hernias is feasible and reproducible showing good results in terms of hernia recurrence and complications. A further prospective randomized clinical trial is needed to support these results.

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