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1.
Virus Res ; 307: 198608, 2022 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774616

RESUMEN

The plant pathogen Exobasidium gracile, which belongs to the basidiomycetous genus Exobasidium, can lead to swollen and thicker leaves of C. oleifera. To our knowledge, there have been no reports of mycoviruses infecting Exobasidium gracile. This study characterized three mycoviruses coinfecting the plant pathogen Exobasidium gracile strain Z-1. Based on phylogenetic and genomic analyses, E. gracile strain Z-1 was infected two putative Totiviruses designated Exobasidium gracile Totivirus 1 (EgTV1) and Exobasidium gracile Totivirus 2 (EgTV2) and a putative Zybavirus of the family Amalgaviridae defined Exobasidium gracile Zybavirus 1 (EgZV1). Similar to the genomic organization of other Totiviruses, the EgTV1 and EgTV2 genomes are composed of one dsRNA segment that exhibits two large ORFs encoding a CP (capsid protein) and an RdRp (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase), respectively. Moreover, EgTV1 and EgTV2 genomes with a candidate -1 slippery heptamer sequence were discovered between CP and RdRp, respectively. Similar to other Zybaviruses of the family Amalgaviridae, the EgZV1 genome is composed of one dsRNA segment that contains two large ORFs encoding an unknown protein and an RdRp. In addition, the EgZV1 genome has a candidate +1 slippery heptamer sequence between an unknown protein and RdRp.

2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132075, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474378

RESUMEN

Influence of land use type and urbanization level on the distribution of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from the developed regions of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei in the northern China was evaluated. The seasonal and spatial variations of the 22 target PPCPs were analyzed in the 63 sampling sites along the whole Beiyun River Basin. Results showed that the total PPCPs concentration had a wide variation range, from 132 ng L-1 to 25474 ng L-1. Spatial interpolation analysis showed that agricultural land presented higher PPCPs contamination level than build-up land (p < 0.05) and the concentration was negatively correlated with urbanization level. Source apportionment showed the untreated sewage source contributed to 34%-53% of the PPCPs burden in the Beiyun River. Risk assessment indicated that diethyltoluamide, carbamazepine, octocrylene, gemfibrozil and triclocarban had high risks (RQ > 1), and small tributaries had the highest mixed risk (MRQ = 34). Species sensitivity distribution combined with the safety threshold method showed that PPCPs would have potential risk on aquatic organisms even at very low concentrations and triclocarban posed the highest risk in the Beiyun River.


Asunto(s)
Cosméticos , Preparaciones Farmacéuticas , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , China , Cosméticos/análisis , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Medición de Riesgo , Ríos , Urbanización , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
3.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132072, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481174

RESUMEN

High-performance photocatalytic applications require to develop heterostructures between two semiconductors with matched band energy levels to facilitate charge-carrier separation. The S-scheme photocatalytic system has great potential to be explored, in terms of the improvement of charge separation, however, small efforts have been made in photocatalytic disinfection application. In this study, a non-toxic and low-cost S-scheme photocatalytic system composed of α-Fe2O3 and g-C3N4 was fabricated by in-suit production of g-C3N4 and firstly applied into water disinfection. The α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 junction demonstrated an enhanced activity for photocatalytic bacterial inactivation, with the complete inactivation of 7 log10 cfu·mL-1 of Escherichia coli K-12 cells within 120 min under visible light irradiation. Its logarithmic bacterial inactivation efficiency was nearly 7 times better than that of single g-C3N4. The experimental results suggested that the effective prevention of charge-carrier recombination led to an improved generation of reactive oxygen species (ROSs), resulting in impressive disinfection performance. Moreover, the DNA gel electrophoresis experiments validated the reason for the irreversible death of bacteria, which was the leakage and destruction of chromosomal DNA. In addition, this S-scheme heterojunction also showed excellent photocatalytic disinfection performance in authentic water matrices (including tap water, secondary treated sewage effluent, and surface water) under visible light irradiation. Hence, the α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 composite has great potential for sustainable and efficient photocatalytic disinfection applications.


Asunto(s)
Desinfección , Escherichia coli K12 , Antibacterianos , Catálisis , Luz
4.
Food Chem ; 367: 130760, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390911

RESUMEN

Rapid volatile detection methods for seed vigour rely heavily on artificial ageing (AA), however the comparability of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to natural ageing (NA) and practicability of the detection models were not well known. In this study, VOCs between AA and NA sweet corn seeds were compared and Partial Least Squares Regression (PLS-R) modelswere constructed based on AA to predict the seed vigour of NA. A total of 33 VOCs were identified, among which aldehydes showed the highest consistency between NA and AA. Furthermore, a AS-PLS-R model with variable importance in projection (VIP > 1) and Pearson Correlation Coefficient (r > 0.9) algorithms, which was built on 3 volatile markers: benzaldehyde monomer, n-nonanal, 1-butanol monomer, achieved the best performance (R2p of 0.901 and RMSEP of 0.050). Therefore, coupling Gas Chromatography- Ion Mobility Spectrometry (GC-IMS) with chemometrics can be an effective way to monitor and predict stored seeds vigour.


Asunto(s)
Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles , Cromatografía de Gases y Espectrometría de Masas , Espectrometría de Movilidad Iónica , Análisis de los Mínimos Cuadrados , Semillas/química , Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles/análisis
5.
J Affect Disord ; 296: 189-197, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607060

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The symptoms that patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) experience are the dominant contributing factors to its heavy disease burden. This study sought to identify key symptoms leading to disability in patients with MDD. METHODS: Subjects consisted of patients who had a 12-month MDD diagnosis based on the China Mental Health Survey (CMHS). World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) was used to assess the degree of disability. The associations between depressive symptoms and disability were analyzed using a linear regression and logistic regression with a complex sampling design. RESULTS: Of the 32,552 community residents, 655 patients were diagnosed with 12-month MDD. The disability rate due to MDD was 1.06% (95% CI: 0.85%-1.28%) among adults in Chinese community and 50.7% (95% CI: 44.3%-57.1%) among MDD patients. Depression was associated with all functional losses measured by the WHODAS. Feelings of worthlessness in life or inappropriate guilt, and psychomotor agitation or retardation were the key symptoms related to disability. Economic status, co-morbidity of physical diseases or anxiety disorders were correlates of disability scores. LIMITATIONS: The disability rate might be underestimated due to the exclusion of MDD patients living in hospitals. The effect of treatments on disability was excluded. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological symptoms, not somatic symptoms, contribute to disability in MDD patients. Disability worsens when physical diseases or anxiety disorders are present. More attention could be paid to psychological symptoms, physical diseases, and anxiety disorders in MDD patients with disabilities.

6.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131801, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371352

RESUMEN

A novel peroxo-functionalized Ti3C2Tx adsorbent with abundant surface termination groups was facilely prepared in situ to remove aqueous anionic and cationic dyes. The adsorption behavior of methylene blue on peroxo-functionalized Ti3C2Tx was systematically investigated by adsorption kinetics, isotherms, and thermodynamics. Compared with Ti3C2Tx, the adsorption capacities of peroxo-functionalized Ti3C2Tx for cationic dyes methylene blue (558.0 mg g-1), rhodamine B (524.6 mg g-1) and anionic dyes methyl orange (292.6 mg g-1), congo red (258.2 mg g-1) were increased at room temperature without adjustment of pH, background ions and humic acid, etc of the contaminant solution by 7.9, 5.3, 5.9 and 4.6 times, respectively. In addition, peroxo-functionalized Ti3C2Tx could well tolerate the effects of pH, ionic strength, and humic acid. As revealed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, the adsorption mechanism of peroxo-functionalized Ti3C2Tx for anionic and cationic dyes was mainly attributed to the electrostatic interaction, hydrogen bonding interaction, and noncovalent surface-π attraction interaction. This study demonstrates a facile modification strategy for Ti3C2Tx adsorbent materials and aims to provide insights for the development of excellent Ti3C2Tx-based adsorbent materials.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Ambientales , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Colorantes , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Azul de Metileno , Oxígeno , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier , Titanio , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150062, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509854

RESUMEN

The development of affordable and efficient technologies for the removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from water has recently been the subject of extensive attention. In this study, a black phosphorus/graphitic carbon nitride (BP-g-C3N4) heterostructure is fabricated as an extremely active metal-free photocatalyst via a newly-developed exfoliation strategy. The BP-g-C3N4 shows an 11 times better decomposition rate of a representative PPCPs-type pollutant, indomethacin (IDM), compared to the widely-used P25 TiO2 under real-sunlight illumination. Also, its visible-light activity is even better than that of the best photocatalysts previously developed, but only consumes 1/10-1/4 of the catalyst. The results show that BP performs a cocatalyst-like behavior to catalyze the generation of reactive oxygen species, thus speeding up the decomposition of IDM. In addition, the BP-g-C3N4 photocatalyst also exhibits excellent IDM removal efficiency in authentic water matrices (tap water, surface water, and secondarily treated sewage effluent). Large-scale application demonstration under natural sunlight further reveals the practicality of BP-g-C3N4 for real-world water treatment operations. Our work will open up new possibilities in the development of purely metal-free photocatalysts for "green" environmental remediation applications.


Asunto(s)
Grafito , Fósforo , Indometacina , Compuestos de Nitrógeno
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735704

RESUMEN

The Beiyun river flows through a hot spot region of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei in China that serves a majority of occupants. However, the region experiences severe nitrate pollution, posing a threat to human health due to inadequate self-purification capacity. In that context, there is an urgent need to assess nitrate levels in this region. Herein, we used δ15N-NO3, δ18O-NO3 isotopes analysis, and stable isotope analysis model to evaluate the nitrate source apportionment in the Beiyun river. A meta-analysis was then used to compare the potential similarity of nitrate sources among the Beiyun riverine watershed and other watersheds. Results of nitrate source apportionment revealed that nitrate originated from the manure and sewage (contribution rate: 89.6%), soil nitrogen (5.9%), and nitrogen fertilizer (3.9%) in the wet season. While in the dry season, nitrate mainly originated from manure and sewage (91.6%). Furthermore, different land-use types exhibited distinct nitrate compositions. Nitrate in urban and suburban areas mostly was traced from manure and sewage (90.5% and 78.8%, respectively). Notably, the different nitrate contribution in the rural-urban fringe and plant-covered areas were manure and sewage (44.3% and 32.8%), soil nitrogen (26.9% and 35.7%), nitrogen fertilizer (23.5% and 29.4%), and atmospheric deposition (5.3% and 2.0%). Through a meta-analysis, we found nitrogen fertilizer, soil nitrogen, and manure and sewage as the main nitrate sources in the Beiyun riverine watershed or the other similar complexed watersheds in the temperate regions. Thus, this study provides a scientific basis for nitrate source apportionment and nitrate pollution preventive management in watersheds with complexed land-use types in temperate regions.

9.
Front Genet ; 12: 756802, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745225

RESUMEN

Musculoskeletal performance is a complex trait influenced by environmental and genetic factors, and it has different manifestations in different populations. Heilongjiang province, located in northern China, is a multi-ethnic region with human cultures dating back to the Paleolithic Age. The Daur, Hezhen, Ewenki, Mongolian and Manchu ethnic groups in Heilongjiang province may have strong physical fitness to a certain extent. Based on the genetic characteristics of significant correlation between some important genes and skeletal muscle function, this study selected 23 SNPs of skeletal muscle strength-related genes and analyzed the distribution of these loci and genetic diversity in the five ethnic groups. Use Haploview (version 4.1) software to calculate the chi-square and the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium to assess the difference between the two ethnic groups. Use R (version 4.0.2) software to perform principal component analysis of different ethnic groups. Use MEGA (version 7.0) software to construct the phylogenetic tree of different ethnic groups. Use POPGENE (version 1.32) software to calculate the heterozygosity and the FST values of 23 SNPs. Use Arlequin (version 3.5.2.2) software to analyze molecular variance (AMOVA) among 31 populations. The results showed that there was haplotype diversity of VDR, angiotensin-converting enzyme, ACTN3, EPO and IGF1 genes in the five ethnic groups, and there were genetic differences in the distribution of these genes in the five ethnic groups. Among them, the average gene heterozygosity (AVE_HET) of the 23 SNPs in the five populations was 0.398. The FST values of the 23 SNPs among the five ethnic groups varied from 0.0011 to 0.0137. According to the principal component analysis, the genetic distance of Daur, Mongolian and Ewenki is relatively close. According to the phylogenetic tree, the five ethnic groups are clustered together with the Asian population. These data will enrich existing genetic information of ethnic minorities.

10.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 846, 2021 Nov 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814836

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Stipagrostis pennata is distributed in the mobile and semi-mobile sand dunes which can adapt well to extreme environments such as drought and high temperature. It is a pioneer plant species with potential for stabilizing sand dunes and ecological restoration. It can settle on moving sand dunes earlier than other desert plants. It can effectively improve the stability of sand dunes and help more plants settle down and increase plant diversity. However, despite its important ecological value, the genetic resources available for this species are limited. RESULTS: We used single-molecule real-time sequencing technology to obtain the complete full-length transcriptome of Stipagrostis pennata, including 90,204 unigenes with an average length of 2624 bp. In addition, the 5436 transcription factors identified in these unigenes are rich in stress resistance genes, such as MYB-related, C3H, bHLH, GRAS and HSF, etc., which may play a role in adapting to desert drought and strong wind stress. Intron retention events are abundant alternative splicing events. Stipagrostis pennata has experienced stronger positive selection, accelerating the fixation of advantageous variants. Thirty-eight genes, such as CPP/TSO1-like gene, have evolved rapidly and may play a role in material transportation, flowering and seed formation. CONCLUSIONS: The present study captures the complete full-length transcriptome of Stipagrostis pennata and reveals its rapid evolution. The desert adaptation in Stipagrostis pennata is reflected in the regulation of gene expression and the adaptability of gene function. Our findings provide a wealth of knowledge for the evolutionary adaptability of desert grass species.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Fisiológica , Poaceae , Aclimatación , Adaptación Fisiológica/genética , Sequías , Transcriptoma
11.
Poult Sci ; 101(1): 101560, 2021 Oct 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823176

RESUMEN

Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is a multifunctional transcription factor that plays an important regulatory role in the interferon (IFN) signaling. IRF4 participates in the process of antivirus, Th cell differentiation and B cell maturation by regulating the expression of IFN and some lymphokines. In this study, Cherry Valley duck IRF4 (duIRF4) was cloned and its cDNA was analyzed. Expression of duIRF4 in a wide variety of tissues and changes in duIRF4 expression due to viral infection also was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The results show that duIRF4 contains 1,341 bp of ORF encoding a protein with 446 amino acids and contains 3 domains: DNA-binding domain (DBD), IRF-association domain (IAD) and nuclear localization signal (NLS). Quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed that duIRF4 was evenly expressed in all tissues examined, with the highest expression in the spleen, followed by the bursa of Fabricius, and lower in the skin and brain. In addition, expression of duIRF4 in the brain and spleen was significantly upregulated after being infected by duck plague virus, duck Tembusu virus, and novel duck reovirus. These data suggest that duIRF4 may be involved in innate immune response.

12.
Bioorg Chem ; 118: 105478, 2021 Nov 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800885

RESUMEN

Linderane (LDR) is a main furan-containing sesquiterpenoid of the common herbal medicine Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm. Our early study indicated that LDR led to mechanism-based inactivation (MBI) of CYP2C9 in vitro, implying possible drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in clinic. In the present study, influence of LDR on the pharmacokinetics of the corresponding hydroxylated metabolites of CYP2C9 substrates in rats was investigated. Pharmacokinetic studies revealed that pretreatment with LDR at 20 mg/kg for 15 days inhibited the metabolism of both tolbutamide and warfarin catalyzed by CYP2C9. As for 4-hydroxytolbutamide, the Cmax was decreased, the t1/2z was prolonged, and the Vz/F was increased, all with significant difference. As for 7-hydroxywarfarin, the AUC0-t/AUC0-∞ and CLz/F were significantly decreased and increased, respectively. Furthermore, the underlying molecular mechanisms based on MBI of CYP2C9 by LDR were revealed. Two reactive metabolites of LDR, furanoepoxide and γ-ketoenal intermediates were identified in CYP2C9 recombinant enzyme incubation systems. Correspondingly, covalent modifications of lysine and cysteine residues of CYP2C9 protein were discovered in the CYP2C9 incubation system treated with LDR. The formation of protein adducts exhibited obvious time- and dose-dependence, which is consistent with the trend of enzyme inhibition caused by LDR in vitro. In addition to the apoprotein of CYP2C9, the heme content was significantly reduced after co-incubation with LDR. These data revealed that modification of both apoprotein and heme of CYP2C9 by reactive metabolites of LDR led to MBI of CYP2C9, therefore resulting in the inhibition of biotransformation of CYP2C9 substrates to their corresponding metabolites in vivo.

13.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt A): 114002, 2021 Oct 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731707

RESUMEN

In this work, the iron-containing smectite nontronite (NNT) was artificially prepared by hydrothermal process and used as a heterogeneous catalyst to activate bisulfite (BS) for degradation of tetracycline (TC). Two NNT samples with different iron content (NNT1 and NNT2) were characterized by XRD, FTIR, XPS and SEM-EDS analysis. Under dark condition, the TC removal rates of NNT1/BS and NNT2/BS reached about 91.7% and 95.5% respectively at 60 min. Due to the heterogeneous catalysis of structural Fe(III), the NNT catalysts showed great catalytic activity and low iron leaching at the pH range 3.0-7.5. In addition, NNT particles were also stable and reusable in activating BS for TC removal. According to the EPR and radical quenching experiments, it could be proved that the precursor radical •SO3- was first generated in NNT/BS system, then •SO4- and •OH were the active species that played a role in TC degradation. The synthetic NNT clay is a promising Fe-based catalyst for treatment of TC wastewater thanks to its high activity, good stability and effective reusability.

14.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725797

RESUMEN

The present study was conducted to investigate the protective effects of selenium on the oxidative damage of kidney cells (CIK) caused by nitrite exposure in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Cells were pre-incubated by Na2SeO3 (10 µmol/L) for 12 h and then exposed to NaNO2 (25 mg/L) for 24 h, the cell viability, apoptosis, gene expression, and antioxidant enzyme activity were assayed. The results show that nitrite reduced cell viability and induced apoptosis, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) as well as the sod, cat, and gpx genes reduced (p < 0.05), while the intracellular calcium ion concentration increased (p < 0.05). Interestingly, selenium treatment significantly alleviated the nitrite induced changes in cell growth, apoptosis, and calcium influx. The cell viability after low-concentration selenium treatment is higher than that of normal cells (p < 0.05). CIK cells were pre-incubated with Na2SeO3 and then exposed to NaNO2, the antioxidant indicators could be maintained at normal levels. And compared with nitrite exposure, intracellular calcium ion concentration and apoptotic rate of selenium-incubated still decreased. The expressions of Nrf2 and Keap1 genes increased significantly in CIK cells treated with sodium selenite for 12 h, and the same trend as the enzyme activities of this group. The results show that the supplement of selenium can enhance the cell's resistance to sodium nitrite exposure to a certain extent, by alleviating the antioxidant imbalance, high apoptosis rate, and intracellular calcium ion disturbance caused by nitrite exposure. And the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway may play an important role in the process.

15.
Front Genet ; 12: 753953, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721541

RESUMEN

Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) is an important cucurbit vegetable crop that has strong resistance to abiotic stress. While heat shock protein 20 (HSP20) has been implicated in vegetable response to heat stress, little is known regarding activity of HSP20 family proteins in C. moschata. Here, we performed a comprehensive genome-wide analysis to identify and characterize the functional dynamics of the Cucurbita moschata HSP20 (CmoHSP20) gene family. A total of 33 HSP20 genes distributed across 13 chromosomes were identified from the pumpkin genome. Our phylogenetic analysis determined that the CmoHSP20 proteins fell into nine distinct subfamilies, a division supported by the conserved motif composition and gene structure analyses. Segmental duplication events were shown to play a key role in expansion of the CmoHSP20 gene family. Synteny analysis revealed that 19 and 18 CmoHSP20 genes were collinear with those in the cucumber and melon genomes, respectively. Furthermore, the expression levels of pumpkin HSP20 genes were differentially induced by heat stress. The transcript level of CmoHSP20-16, 24 and 25 were down-regulated by heat stress, while CmoHSP20-7, 13, 18, 22, 26 and 32 were up-regulated by heat stress, which could be used as heat tolerance candidate genes. Overall, these findings contribute to our understanding of vegetable HSP20 family genes and provide valuable information that can be used to breed heat stress resistance in cucurbit vegetable crops.

16.
Transl Pediatr ; 10(10): 2418-2431, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765465

RESUMEN

Background: Wilms tumor (WT) is a widespread urologic tumor in children. Ferroptosis, on the other hand, is a novel form of cell death associated with tumor development. In this study, we aim to explore the predictability of ferroptosis-related biomarkers in estimating prognosis in WT patients. Methods: To determine a link between ferroptosis-related gene expression and WT prognosis, we first collected RNA sequencing data and clinical information, involving 124 WT and 6 healthy tissue samples, from the TARGET database. Next, we screened the collected information for ferroptosis-related long non-coding RNA using Cox regression analysis, and constructed a signature model, as well as a nomogram, related to prognosis. Finally, we explored a potential link between ferroptosis-related lncRNA and tumor immunity and screened for possible immune checkpoints. Results: We constructed a WT prognosis prediction signature containing 12 ferroptosis-related lncRNAs. The area under the curves values, from the ROC curves, predicting overall survival rates at the 1, 3-, and 5-year timepoints were 0.775, 0.867, and 0.891 respectively. Moreover, we generated a nomogram, using clinical features and risk scores, carrying a C-index value of 0.836, which suggested a high predictive value. We also demonstrated significant differences in tumor immunity between low- and high-risk WT patients, particularly in the presence of B cells, NK cells, Th1 cells, Treg cells, inflammation promoting, and type I and II IFN responses. In addition, we showed that immune checkpoints like SIRPA, ICOSLG, LAG3, PVRIG, NECTIN1, and SIRPB2 can serve as potential therapeutic targets for WT. Conclusions: Based on our analyses, we generated a ferroptosis-related lncRNA signature that can both estimate prognosis of WT patients and may provide basis for future WT therapy.

17.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783815

RESUMEN

A practical and eco-friendly method for the controllable aerobic oxygenation of sulfides by electrochemical catalysis was developed. The switchable preparation of sulfoxides and sulfones was effectively controlled by reaction time, in which both molecular oxygen and water can be used as the oxygen source under catalyst and external oxidant-free conditions. The electrochemical protocol features a broad substrate scope and excellent site selectivity and is successfully applied to the modification of some sulfide-containing pharmaceuticals and their derivatives.

19.
Vet Microbiol ; 263: 109281, 2021 Nov 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785476

RESUMEN

Melanoma differentiation associated factor 5 (MDA5), which belongs to the retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) family, has been proved to be a key pattern recognition receptor of innate antiviral signaling in duck, which plays an important role in anti-Tembusu virus (TMUV) infection. However, laboratory of genetics and physiology 2 (LGP2), the third member of RLRs family, the regulatory function on antiviral innate immunity of MDA5 is currently unclear. In this study, we investigated the subcellular localization of duck LGP2 (duLGP2) and confirmed that it is an important regulator of the duMDA5-mediated host innate antiviral immune response. The present experimental data demonstrate that the overexpression of duLGP2 inhibits duMDA5 downstream transcriptional factor (IRF-7, IFN-ß, and NF-κB) promoter activity, and duMDA5-mediated type I IFNs and ISGs expression were significantly suppressed by duLGP2 regardless of viral infection in vitro. The inhibition of duLGP2 on the antiviral activity of duMDA5 ultimately leads to an increase in viral replication. However, the overexpression of duLGP2 promotes expression of mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS) and duMDA5-mediated proinflammatory cytokines. This study provides a new rationale support for the duLGP2 regulates duMDA5-mediated anti-viral immune signaling pathway theory in duck.

20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736997

RESUMEN

Background The field of microbiota-gut-brain research in animals has progressed, while the exact nature of gut microbiota-brain-cognition relationship in humans is not completely elucidated, likely due to small sample sizes and single neuroimaging modality utilized to delineate limited aspects of the brain. We aimed to comprehensively investigate such association in a large sample using multimodal MRI. Methods Fecal samples were collected from 157 healthy young adults and 16S sequencing was used to assess gut microbial diversity and enterotypes. Five brain imaging measures, including regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity density (FCD) from resting-state functional MRI, cerebral blood flow (CBF) from arterial spin labeling, gray matter volume (GMV) from structural MRI, and fractional anisotropy (FA) from diffusion tensor imaging, were jointly analyzed with a data-driven multivariate fusion method. Cognition was evaluated by 3-back and digit span tasks. Results We found significant associations of gut microbial diversity with ReHo, FCD, CBF, and GMV within the frontoparietal, default mode and visual networks, as well as with FA in a distributed set of juxtacortical white matter regions. In addition, there were FCD, CBF, GMV, and FA differences between Prevotella- versus Bacteroides-enterotypes in females and between Prevotella- versus Ruminococcaceae-enterotypes in males. Moreover, the identified neuroimaging fusion biomarkers could mediate the associations between microbial diversity and cognition. Conclusions Our findings not only expand existing knowledge of the microbiota-gut-brain axis, but also have potential clinical and translational implications by exposing the gut microbiota as a promising treatment and prevention target for cognitive impairment and related brain disorders.

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