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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223146

RESUMEN

Energy dissipation issue has become one of the greatest challenges of the modern electronic industry. Incorporating graphene into the electronic devices has been widely accepted as a promising approach to solve this issue, due to its superior carrier mobility and thermal conductivity. Here, using Raman spectroscopy and infrared thermal microscopy, we identify the energy dissipation behaviour of graphene device with different thicknesses. Surprisingly, the monolayer graphene device is demonstrated to have a comparable energy dissipation efficiency per unit volume with that of a few-layer graphene device. This has overturned the traditional understanding that the energy dissipation efficiency will reduce with the decrease of functional materials dimensions. Additionally, the energy dissipation speed of the monolayer graphene device is very fast, promising for devices with high operating frequency. Our finding provides a new insight into the energy dissipation issue of two-dimensional materials devices, which will have a global effect on the development of the electronic industry.

2.
Chemosphere ; 250: 126324, 2020 Feb 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135441

RESUMEN

Human exposure to formaldehyde, toluene, xylene (FTX) and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are associated with negative health impact. To characterize the exposure and health effects of FTX and TVOC from indoor environments, we conducted an extensive monitoring campaign involving 1278 measurements of 472 indoor locations in Harbin, a megacity in China from May 2013 to March 2018. The results showed that household had the highest mean formaldehyde concentration (0.171 ± 0.084 mg m-3) among all types of indoor environments. Meanwhile, there was no significant differences in formaldehyde concentration of the living room, master bedroom, secondary bedroom and study room (p > 0.05), as well as toluene and xylene. The highest mean concentration of toluene, xylene and TVOC was measured in public bath center. Great difference was found between formaldehyde concentrations in 2013 and other years, except 2015. There were great positive nonlinear correlations between the indoor temperature and concentration of formaldehyde (p < 0.01), good negative nonlinear correlations between the finish time of decoration and concentration of formaldehyde (p < 0.01), good positive linear correlations between the relative humidity and concentration of formaldehyde (p < 0.01). A risk assessment methodology was utilized to evaluate the potential adverse health effects of the individual FTX compounds according to their carcinogenicities. The predicted carcinogenic risk of formaldehyde was greater than the threshold value 1E-06 at all environments. The non-carcinogenic risk of TX compounds in the population is negligible. For estimating human health risk exposure, sensitivity analysis showed that more attention should be given to the influential variables such as the level of pollutants.

3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152662

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has revealed that mechanical stress and elevated mechanical signals promote malignant tumor transformation and metastasis. This study aimed to explore the function of the mechanically activated ion-channel Piezo1 in the colon cancer metastasis and its potential regulatory mechanism. METHODS: First, we examined the expression levels of Piezo1 and mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) both in colon cancer tissues and assessed the prognostic value of Piezo1 and MCU in a colon cancer cohort (n = 110). Second, functional assays were performed to investigate the effects of Piezo1 and MCU on colon cancer cell migration, invasion, and mitochondrial membrane potential. Third, we analyzed the expression of Piezo1, MCU, and HIF-1α by overexpressing/silencing each other's expression. RESULTS: We found that Piezo1 was up-regulated and MCU was down-regulated in colon cancer tissues. Piezo1 and MCU were both correlated with poor prognosis of patients with colon cancer. Overexpressing Piezo1 and silencing MCU could promote colon cancer cell migration and metastasis, reduce mitochondrial membrane potential, and promote each other's expression. We also found that HIF-1α was up-regulated in colon cancer tissues. Additionally, silencing Piezo1 inhibited the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF, which was contrary to MCU silencing. Intriguingly, Piezo1-overexpressing cells did not regain their migration behaviors when HIF-1α expression was inhibited, which was accompanied with the re-expression of MCU and VEGF. CONCLUSION: In our study, Piezo1 is involved in colon cancer cell metastasis. Furthermore, our findings indicated a possible Piezo1-MCU-HIF-1α-VEGF axis, which still need further exploration.

4.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128852

RESUMEN

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the deadliest cancers. Multiple long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are recently identified as crucial oncogenic factors or tumour suppressors. In this study, we explored the effects of LINC00174 on the progression of HCC. Expression levels of LINC00174 and microRNA-320 (miR-320) in HCC tissue samples were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The association between pathological indices and LINC00174 was also analysed. Human HCC cell lines Hep3B and Huh7 were used as cell models. CCK-8 and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) assays were used to assess the effect of LINC00174 on HCC cell line proliferation. Flow cytometry was used to study the effect of LINC00174 on HCC apoptosis. Transwell assay was conducted to detect the effect of LINC00174 on migration and invasion. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay were used to confirm the binding relationship between miR-320 and LINC00174. Additionally, western blot was used to detect the regulatory function of LINC00174 on oncogene S100 calcium binding protein A10 (S100A10). We demonstrated that LINC00174 expression in HCC clinical samples was significantly increased and this was correlated with higher T stage. Its overexpression remarkably accelerated proliferation and metastasis of HCC cells while reduced apoptosis. Accordingly, knockdown of it suppressed the malignant phenotypes of HCC cells. Overexpression of LINC00174 significantly reduced the expression of miR-320 by sponging it, in turn enhanced the expression of S100A10. In conclusion, LINC00174 is a sponge of tumour suppressor miR-320, enhances the expression of S100A10 indirectly and functions as an oncogenic lncRNA in HCC. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: LINC00174 is a novel lncRNA, whose function is rarely investigated. It is reported that it is oncogenic in colorectal cancer, while its role in HCC remains unclear. Herein, we report that LINC00174 is significantly up-regulated in HCC tissues and promotes the malignant phenotypes. We demonstrate that LINC00174 functions as a sponge for miR-320, increases the expression level of oncogene S100A10 in HCC. This study helps clarify the mechanism of HCC tumorigenesis and progression, and uncover the role of LINC00174 in human disease.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141446

RESUMEN

Perylenemonoimide (PMI)-carbazole (Cz) compact electron donor/acceptor dyads were prepared to study the relationship between the mutual orientation of the electron donor/acceptor in the dyads and the spin-orbit charge transfer intersystem crossing (SOCT-ISC) efficiency. The PMI and the Cz units are connected via either a C-C or C-N bond, or with an intervening phenyl moiety. The photophysical properties of the dyads were studied with steady state and time-resolved optical spectroscopies. The fluorescence of the PMI unit in the dyads was generally quenched, due to photo-induced electron transfer, especially in polar solvents (the fluorescence has a biexponential decay in acetonitrile, τF = 1.4 ns/population ratio: 98.9%, and 9.6 ns/population ratio: 1.1%). The triplet state (lifetime τT = 14.7 µs) formation of the dyads is dependent on the solvent polarity, which is characteristic for SOCT-ISC. Femtosecond transient absorption spectra show that the charge separation takes 0.28 ps and the charge recombination takes 1.21 ns. Reversible photo-reduction of the PMI-Cz dyads and generation of the near IR-absorbing (centered at 604 nm and 774 nm) PMI radical anion (PMI-˙) were observed in the presence of a sacrificial electron donor (triethylamine). These results are useful for study of the fundamental photochemistry of compact electron donor/acceptor dyads and for design of new heavy atom-free triplet photosensitizers.

6.
J Control Release ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194173

RESUMEN

Gene therapy is one of the most promising medical fields which holds the potential to rapidly advance the treatment of difficult ailments such as cancer as well as inherited genetic diseases. However, clinical translation is limited by several drug delivery hurdles including renal clearance, phagocytosis, enzymatic degradation, protein absorption, as well as cellular internalization barriers. Additionally, successful treatments require sustained release of drug payloads to maintain the effective therapeutic level. As such, controlled and sustained release is a significant concern as the localization and kinetics of nucleic acid therapeutics can significantly influence the therapeutic efficacy. This is an unmet need which calls for the development of controlled-release nanoparticle (NP) technologies to further improve the gene therapy efficacy by prolonging the release of nucleic acid drug payload for sustained, long-term gene expression or silencing. Herein, we present a polymeric NP system with sustained gene delivery properties, which can be synthesized using biodegradable and biocompatible polymers via self-assembly. The NP delivery system is composed of a polymeric NP which acts as a drug depot encapsulating cationic polymer/nucleic acid complexes, facilitating the enhanced retention and prolonged release of the gene payload. The NPs showed excellent cellular biocompatibility and gene delivery efficacy using the green fluorescent protein (GFP) encoded DNA plasmid (pGFP) as a reporter gene. Sustained release of the pGFP payload was shown over a period of 8 days. The physicochemical properties such as morphology, particle size, zeta potential, pGFP encapsulation efficiency and biological properties such as pGFP release profile, in vitro cytotoxicity and transfection efficacy in Hek 293 cells were characterized and evaluated. Importantly, the NP-mediated sustained release of pGFP generates enhanced GFP expression over time. We expect this NP-mediated gene delivery system to provide safe and sustained release of various nucleic acid-based therapeutics with applications in both fundamental biological studies and clinical translations.

7.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(3): 231-237, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204759

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for minimally invasive surfactant administration (MISA) failure in the treatment of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and the influence of MISA failure on neonatal outcome. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 148 preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks and a clinical diagnosis of RDS, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of eight tertiary hospitals in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei Province from July 1, 2017 to December 31, 2018 and were treated with MISA (bovine pulmonary surfactant, PS). According to whether MISA failure (defined as the need for mechanical ventilation within 72 hours after MISA) was observed, the infants were divided into two groups: MISA failure group (n=16) and MISA success (n=132). A logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for MISA failure and its influence on neonatal outcome. RESULTS: The MISA failure rate was 10.8% (16/148). The logistic regression analysis showed that a high incidence rate of grade >II RDS before PS administration, low mean arterial pressure and high pulse pressure before administration, a low dose of initial PS administration, and long injection time and operation time were the risk factors for MISA failure (OR=5.983, 1.210, 1.183, 1.055, 1.036, and 1.058 respectively, P<0.05). After the control for the above risk factors, the logistic regression analysis showed that the MISA failure group had a significantly higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (OR=8.537, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A high grade of RDS, a low mean arterial pressure, and a high pulse pressure before administration are independent risk factors for MISA failure, and a low dose of initial PS administration, a long injection time, and a long operation time may increase the risk of MISA failure. MISA failure may increase the incidence rate of BPD in preterm infants.


Asunto(s)
Surfactantes Pulmonares/uso terapéutico , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria del Recién Nacido/tratamiento farmacológico , Animales , Displasia Broncopulmonar , Bovinos , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Recien Nacido Prematuro , Respiración Artificial , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Tensoactivos
8.
Int Braz J Urol ; 46(3): 436-443, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167710

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Spongioplasty (mobilization and midline approximation of the two branches of the bifid dysplastic distal corpus spongiosum) can form a covering layer for the neourethra to prevent urethrocutaneous fistula in hypospadias repair surgery. However, it remains unclear whether spongioplasty affects neourethral function. The objective of this study was to compare neourethral function after hypospadias repair with and without spongioplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen congenital hypospadiac New Zealand male rabbits were randomly allocated into two groups, seven animals underwent Duplay hypospadias repair and spongioplasty (experimental group), while seven underwent Duplay surgery alone (control group). Functional differences between groups were assessed by comparing neourethral compliance and flow rate. Two months after surgery, in vivo neourethral compliance was assessed by measuring intraluminal pressure with a digital pressure meter of an isolated neourethral segment, following progressive distension with 1, 2, and 3mL of air. Penises were harvested for uroflowmetry test using a simple device. RESULTS: Postoperatively, fistula developed in one and zero rabbits in the control and experimental groups, respectively. Mean pressures tended to be higher in the experimental group than in the control group (82.14 vs. 69.57, 188.43 vs. 143.26, and 244.71 vs. 186.29mmHg for 1, 2, and 3mL of air, respectively), but the difference was not statistically significant. Mean flow rates also did not significantly differ between the experimental and control groups (2.93mL/s vs. 3.31mL/s). CONCLUSION: In this congenital rabbit model, no obvious functional differences were found between reconstructed urethras after hypospadias repair with and without spongioplasty.

9.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(6): e014120, 2020 Mar 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174233

RESUMEN

Background Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection and atherosclerosis through undefined mechanisms. Endothelial dysfunction is critical to the development of atherosclerosis and related cardiovascular diseases. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that H pylori infection impaires endothelial function through exosome-mediated mechanisms. Methods and Results Young male and female patients (18-35 years old) with and without H pylori infection were recruited to minimize the chance of potential risk factors for endothelial dysfunction for the study. Endothelium-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery was evaluated in the patients and control subjects. Mouse infection models with CagA+ H pylori from a gastric ulcer patient were created to determine if H pylori infection-induced endothelial dysfunction could be reproduced in animal models. H pylori infection significantly decreased endothelium-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation in young patients and significantly attenuated acetylcholine-induced endothelium-dependent aortic relaxation without change in nitroglycerin-induced endothelium-independent vascular relaxation in mice. H pylori eradication significantly improved endothelium-dependent vasodilation in both patients and mice with H pylori infection. Exosomes from conditioned media of human gastric epithelial cells cultured with CagA+ H pylori or serum exosomes from patients and mice with H pylori infection significantly decreased endothelial functions with decreased migration, tube formation, and proliferation in vitro. Inhibition of exosome secretion with GW4869 effectively preserved endothelial function in mice with H pylori infection. Conclusions H pylori infection impaired endothelial function in patients and mice through exosome-medicated mechanisms. The findings indicated that H pylori infection might be a novel risk factor for cardiovascular diseases.

10.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 277, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218796

RESUMEN

Post-translational covalent modifications of histones play important roles in modulating chromatin structure and are involved in the control of multiple developmental processes in plants. Here we provide insight into the contribution of the histone lysine methyltransferase SET DOMAIN GROUP 8 (SDG8), implicated in histone H3 lysine 36 trimethylation (H3K36me3), in connection with RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) to enhance Arabidopsis immunity. We showed that even if the sdg8-1 loss-of-function mutant, defective in H3K36 methylation, displayed a higher sensitivity to different strains of the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, effector-triggered immunity (ETI) still operated, but less efficiently than in the wild-type (WT) plants. In sdg8-1, the level of the plant defense hormone salicylic acid (SA) was abnormally high under resting conditions and was accumulated similarly to WT at the early stage of pathogen infection but quickly dropped down at later stages. Concomitantly, the transcription of several defense-related genes along the SA signaling pathway was inefficiently induced in the mutant. Remarkably, albeit the defense genes PATHOGENESIS-RELATED1 (PR1) and PR2 have retained responsiveness to exogenous SA, their inductions fade more rapidly in sdg8-1 than in WT. At chromatin, while global levels of histone methylations were found to be stable, local increases of H3K4 and H3K36 methylations as well as RNAPII loading were observed at some defense genes following SA-treatments in WT. In sdg8-1, the H3K36me3 increase was largely attenuated and also the increases of H3K4me3 and RNAPII were frequently compromised. Lastly, we demonstrated that SDG8 could physically interact with the RNAPII C-terminal Domain, providing a possible link between RNAPII loading and H3K36me3 deposition. Collectively, our results indicate that SDG8, through its histone methyltransferase activity and its physical coupling with RNAPII, participates in the strong transcriptional induction of some defense-related genes, in particular PR1 and PR2, to potentiate sustainable immunity during plant defense response to bacterial pathogen.

11.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 301(4): 901-912, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185550

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Non-gestational ovarian choriocarcinoma (NGOC) is a rare malignant germ cell tumor. Through literature review and cases collection, we aim to analyze prognostic factors for NGOC and summarize its clinicopathological characteristics to guide the individualized treatment. METHODS: We searched PubMed database, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar for cases published between January 1, 1967 and July 31, 2018 using various search terms. We retrieved patients' clinicopathological characteristics, treatment, and prognosis information from included studies. These patients were divided into two groups: died (case group) or alive (control group) group. We summarized and compared their clinical (age, symptoms, R0 resection, serum HCG levels, chemotherapy regimen) and pathological (pure vs non-pure type, tumor size, tumor location, metastasis sites, stage) features by statistical analysis. RESULTS: Only 39 patients were retrieved from 36 studies in total. The median age was 30 years (range 12- to 65-years old). The peak incidence was in the adolescent age 12-25 years. Median follow-up was 20.3 months (range 1-84 months). 9 (23%) patients died; 24 (62%) patients were alive; 6 (15%) were lost to follow-up. Upon univariate analysis, we found age had a poor impact on overall survival (OS) in NGOC, HR - 0.057, 95% CI - 0.111 to - 0.004. Pure type NGOC has a better OS than mixed type, HR - 2.621, 95% CI - 4.577 to - 0.666. R0 resection is a good prognostic factor for OS, HR 2.967, 95% CI 0.709-5.224. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should try to achieve R0 resection to improve the prognosis for NGOC patients even among advanced patients.

12.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 66: 104830, 2020 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198055

RESUMEN

Bone marrow failure is a characteristic effect of benzene exposure. Our previous study has shown that miR-486-5p is involved in benzene induced-suppression of erythroid differentiation. However, the mechanism of miR-486-5p to initiate the above process remains unclear. In this study, we used miRTar software to predict putative miRNA targets and pathway. We found that miR-486-5p may target Ras-associated protein-1 (Rap1) signaling pathway-associated genes. Our in vitro study further showed significant dose-dependent upregulation of MAGI1 and RASSF5 expressions in hydroquinone (HQ)-induced suppression of erythroid differentiation of K562 cells. Over-expression or down-regulation of miR-486-5p altered MAGI1 and RASSF5 expression and modified erythroid differentiation. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and fluorescence-based RNA electrophoresis mobility assay (FREMSA) further confirmed that miR-486-5p directly bound to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of MAGI1 and RASSF5. In addition, the expressions of RAPGEF2 and RAP1A, which are downstream genes of MAGI1, were also significantly increased when HQ inhibited erythroid differentiation. Knockdown of MAGI1 reversed HQ-induced inhibition of erythroid differentiation via downregulation of RAPGEF2, RAP1A and RASSF5. Together, these data indicate that miR-486-5p directly targets MAGI1 and RASSF5 and integrates with Rap1 signaling to modify HQ-induced inhibition of erythroid differentiation in K562 cells.

13.
Biomaterials ; 244: 119972, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200105

RESUMEN

Antibiotic abuse and the resulting resistance to antibiotics are serious problems faced by the world. Methods for fast and precise detection of bacterial infections are in urgent need. Here, we report a sensitive and selective probe for diagnosis and treatment of Gram-positive bacterial infection. The probe is made of self-assembling short peptide as the skeleton, a luminogen with aggregation-induced emission (AIEgen) as the responsive fluorescence turn-on motif and vancomycin as the targeting group. In vitro assembly of the probe can turn on its fluorescence and simultaneously enhance reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The probe shows great selectivity and sensitivity to Gram-positive bacteria detection in vitro by targeted self-assembly on bacterial surface. In vivo imaging studies of a myositis-bearing BALB/c nude mice model indicate that the probe is suitable for diagnosis and treatment of Gram-positive bacterial infection. The integration of AIEgen and self-assembling peptides represents a potential strategy for disease diagnosis and treatment.

14.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(2): 219-224, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220191

RESUMEN

Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effects of low concentration hydrogen inhalation on asthma and sleep function in mice and the potential mechanism. Methods: In the asthma experiment, BALB/c mice were randomly divided into normal control group, asthma model group and hydrogen treatment group. After establishing ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma model, the hydrogen treatment group mice were treated by inhalation of hydrogen (24-26 mL/L per day) for 7 consecutive days, and the normal control group and asthma model group mice received similar treatment by inhalation of air. The levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by commercially available ELISA kits. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH), as well as the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in lung tissue were detected by colorimetric assays. The pathological changes in lung tissue were assessed by HE staining. In the sleep experiment, ICR mice were randomly divided into blank control group and 1 d, 3 d, 5 d hydrogen treatment groups and diazepam group. The effects of inhalation of 24-26 mL/L per day hydrogen on the sleep duration induced by intraperitoneal injection of upper-threshold dose of sodium pentobarbital and the sleep latency in response to subthreshold dose were evaluated. Results: In the asthma experiment, the asthma model group showed higher levels of IL-4 and IL-13 ( P<0.05) and lower levels of IFN-γ ( P<0.001) in BALF, as compared to the normal control group. The content of MDA in lung tissue was also significantly increased ( P<0.01), companied by a decreased GSH concentration ( P <0.05) and a mildly reduced SOD activity ( P>0.05). Compared to the asthma model group, treatment with hydrogen significantly decreased the levels of IL-4 and IL-13 and increased the level of IFN-γ in BALF ( P<0.05). Moreover, without alteration of the MDA production ( P>0.05), hydrogen inhalation greatly increased GSH level and restored the SOD activity ( P<0.05) in lung tissue. Additionally, the HE staining data showed that the hydrogen treatment attenuated the pulmonary histopathological changes. In the sleep experiment, compared with the blank control group, the sleep latency was significantly shorter ( P<0.05) and the sleep duration was longer ( P<0.001) in all the hydrogen treatment groups after receiving an upper-threshold dose of sodium pentobarbital. Meanwhile, in all the hydrogen treatment groups, the sleep latency was significantly longer ( P<0.001) and the sleep duration was shorter ( P<0.001) when compared to the diazepam group. Compared with the blank control group, after intraperitoneal injection of a subthreshold dose of sodium pentobarbital, the sleep latency was significantly increased in both 1 d and 5 d hydrogen treatment groups, and there was no significant difference as compared to the diazepam group. In the 3 d hydrogen treatment group, the sleep latency was only slightly increased ( P>0.05), which was significantly lower than that of the diazepam group ( P<0.05). Conclusion: Low concentration hydrogen inhalation could alleviate OVA-induced asthma in mice, and the mechanism might be related to the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of hydrogen. Also, low concentration hydrogen inhalation could improve sleep function in mice.

15.
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis ; 70: 101452, 2020 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120143

RESUMEN

Canine babesiosis is an important global tick-borne infectious disease of domestic dogs and wild canids. B. gibsoni and B. vogeli are the most widespread species mainly endemic in dog population in southern and eastern regions of China. In this study, 272 blood samples were collected from pet dogs in five districts of Shenzhen, China. Babesia DNA was detected in 30 samples with an overall prevalence of 11.0 % in pet dogs in Shenzhen. The difference in the positive rate between female and male pet dogs, among different breed, and among the five sampling sites was not significant, while the age and health status of pet dogs significantly influence the positive rate of Babesia spp. infection. Sequencing results showed the presence of only B. vogeli in all of the samples tested. Sequence comparison and phylogenetic analysis revealed that all 30 strains of Babesia identified in this study shared the highest identity with B. vogeli. In sum, all results of this study showed a considerable high infection rate of Babesia spp. in pet dogs, and B. vogeli was the only Babesia species infecting pet dogs in Shenzhen city. Such information is necessary to help to elucidate the epidemiology of canine babesiosis in Shenzhen, and it is necessary to actively monitor this disease in pet dogs.

16.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 41: 102035, 2020 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200338

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It is clinically essential to distinguish aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-Ab) negative neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) because of different therapeutic strategies. Since clinical and lesion features may not allow the distinction, we aimed to identify advanced imaging features that could improve the distinction between two disorders. METHODS: Multimodal imaging measures included fractional anisotropy, mean, axial, radial diffusivity (MD, AD, RD) and kurtosis (MK, AK, RK) from diffusion kurtosis imaging; functional connectivity strength (FCS) and density, regional homogeneity, amplitude of low frequency fluctuations from resting-state functional MRI; gray matter volume from structural MRI; and cerebral blood flow from arterial spin labeling imaging. Voxel-wise comparisons were performed to identify inter-group differences in imaging measures, and the performance of differentiating these two disorders was estimated by receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: Compared to MS, patients with AQP4-Ab negative NMOSD showed decreased MD and AD but increased MK and AK in white matter regions; and reduced FCS in the occipital cortex (P < 0.05, FWE corrected). The joint-use of these five imaging measures distinguished the two disorders with an accuracy of 94% (P < 0.001, 95%CI = 0.84-0.98). Other imaging measures showed no significant differences between the two patient groups. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed less white matter damage and a more severe functional disconnection of the occipital cortex in patients with AQP4-Ab negative NMOSD compared to MS. The combined use of diffusion and functional connectivity could facilitate a better distinction between NMO and MS with seronegative AQP4-Ab in clinical management.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162641

RESUMEN

We have synthesized a simple Golgi-targeting H2S fluorescent probe which can detect endogenous and exogenous H2S in cells and zebrafish. In addition, this probe provides a new chemical tool for the detailed study of generation pathways of H2S under Golgi stress response.

18.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 150: 263-269, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171165

RESUMEN

Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is one of the most damaging plant viruses from an economic and research point of view. Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG), a flavonoid type secondary metabolite can selectively improve plant defense against pathogens; however, the effect of EGCG on plant defense against TMV and the underlying mechanism(s) remain elusive. In this study, exogenous EGCG application increased plant resistance to TMV as revealed by significantly decreased transcript levels of TMV-coat protein (CP) in tomato leaves. A time-course of H2O2 concentrations in tomato leaves showed that TMV inoculation rapidly increased the H2O2 accumulation, reaching its peak at 3 days post-inoculation (dpi) which remained the highest until 6 dpi. However, the combined treatment of EGCG and TMV remarkably decreased the concentrations of H2O2 at 3 and 6 dpi. Meanwhile, the transcript levels of RESPIRATORY BURST OXIDASE HOMOLOG 1 (SlRBOH1) were significantly increased by either EGCG or TMV inoculation, but the EGCG treatment along with TMV caused a further upregulation in the SlRBOH1 transcripts compared with that in only TMV-inoculated plants. Chemical scavenging of H2O2 or silencing SlRBOH1 both compromised the EGCG-induced enhanced resistance to TMV. Furthermore, EGCG-induced elevation in the activity of antioxidant enzymes was abolished by SlRBOH1 silencing, suggesting that EGCG enhanced defense against TMV by increasing the antioxidant enzyme activity via RBOH1-dependent H2O2 signaling. Taken together, our results suggest that EGCG functioned to maintain a delicate balance between ROS signaling and ROS scavenging via RBOH1, which enhanced tomato resistance to TMV.

19.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2020 Mar 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185444

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using the hepatocyte enhancement fraction (HEF) based on gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing the liver function in patients with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: Sixty patients with Child-Pugh grade A (CP-A), 18 with Child-Pugh grade B (CP-B), 2 with Child-Pugh grade C (CP-C), and 20 with normal liver function (NLF) were enrolled. Gadolinium ethoxybenzyldiethy-lenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI was conducted. T1 mapping imaging was performed before and 20 min after Gd-EOB-DTPA administration. The pre- and post-contrast T1 values of the liver (T1pre and T1post), increase in the T1 relaxation rate (ΔR1), rate of decrease in the T1 relaxation time (ΔT1), HEF, and uptake coefficient (K) parameters in the NLF, CP-A, and CP-B + CP-C groups were compared using one-way analysis of variance. The effectiveness of each parameter in differentiating the NLF + CP-A group from the CP-B + CP-C group was evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: The HEF, K, ΔT1, and ΔR1 values decreased, while the T1post and T1pre values increased, with the increase in liver function damage. Significant differences in T1post, ΔT1, ΔR1, and HEF were found between different groups, except for the CP-A and NLF groups. However, no significant difference was observed in the T1pre among the three groups. HEF exhibited the largest area under the ROC curve. CONCLUSION: The HEF is an effective method for evaluating liver function in patients with hepatitis B.

20.
BMJ Open ; 10(3): e035911, 2020 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156770

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To perform the cross-cultural adaption of the Breast Cancer Awareness Measurement (BCAM) and to test its psychometric properties among Chinese women. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: This study was conducted in communities, schools and institutions in Changchun, Jilin Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 328 women voluntarily participated in and completed the Chinese version of the BCAM (C-BCAM), resulting in an effective response rate of 91.1%. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychometric properties, including item analysis (the extreme group comparison and item-total correlations), content validity (item-level content validity index (I-CVI) and scale-level content validity index (S-CVI)), construct validity (exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)) and internal consistency (Cronbach's α and test-retest reliability), were measured. RESULTS: The C-BCAM has excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.90), with alpha coefficients of 0.88, 0.84 and 0.94 for its three domains. The test-retest reliability coefficient was 0.72. The I-CVI ranged from 0.86 to 1.00, and the S-CVI was 0.92. CFA showed that the three-factor model explained 51.56% of the total variance, with a good model fit (likelihood ratio χ2/df=1.86, incremental fit index=0.94, comparative fit index=0.94, goodness-of-fit index=0.84, adjusted goodness-of-fit index=0.80, standardised root mean square error of approximation=0.06 and root mean square residual=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The C-BCAM has satisfactory validity and reliability and is a culturally appropriate and reliable tool for evaluating breast cancer awareness among Chinese women. This reliable instrument can help researchers and health professionals evaluate women's knowledge about the symptoms and risk factors of breast cancer and identify their barriers to seeking medical help. It also helps healthcare providers identify women with poor breast cancer awareness and encourage them to perform screening practice.

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