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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249424, 2023. graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345538

RESUMEN

Abstract Hypoxia is a prominent feature of head and neck cancer. However, the oxygen element characteristics of proteins and how they adapt to hypoxia microenvironments of head and neck cancer are still unknown. Human genome sequences and proteins expressed data of head and neck cancer were retrieved from pathology atlas of Human Protein Atlas project. Then compared the oxygen and carbon element contents between proteomes of head and neck cancer and normal oral mucosa-squamous epithelial cells, genome locations, pathways, and functional dissection associated with head and neck cancer were also studied. A total of 902 differentially expressed proteins were observed where the average oxygen content is higher than that of the lowly expressed proteins in head and neck cancer proteins. Further, the average oxygen content of the up regulated proteins was 2.54% higher than other. None of their coding genes were distributed on the Y chromosome. The up regulated proteins were enriched in endocytosis, apoptosis and regulation of actin cytoskeleton. The increased oxygen contents of the highly expressed and the up regulated proteins might be caused by frequent activity of cytoskeleton and adapted to the rapid growth and fast division of the head and neck cancer cells. The oxygen usage bias and key proteins may help us to understand the mechanisms behind head and neck cancer in targeted therapy, which lays a foundation for the application of stoichioproteomics in targeted therapy and provides promise for potential treatments for head and neck cancer.


Resumo A hipóxia é uma característica proeminente do câncer de cabeça e pescoço. No entanto, as características do elemento oxigênio das proteínas e como elas se adaptam aos microambientes de hipóxia do câncer de cabeça e pescoço ainda são desconhecidas. Sequências do genoma humano e dados expressos de proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço foram recuperados do atlas de patologia do projeto Human Protein Atlas. Em seguida, comparou o conteúdo do elemento de oxigênio e carbono entre proteomas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço, e células epiteliais escamosas da mucosa oral normal, localizações do genoma, vias e dissecção funcional associada ao câncer de cabeça e pescoço também foram estudadas. Um total de 902 proteínas expressas diferencialmente foi observado onde o conteúdo médio de oxigênio é maior do que as proteínas expressas de forma humilde em proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Além disso, o conteúdo médio de oxigênio das proteínas reguladas positivamente foi 2,54% maior do que das outras. Nenhum de seus genes codificadores foi distribuído no cromossomo Y. As proteínas reguladas positivamente foram enriquecidas em endocitose, apoptose e regulação do citoesqueleto de actina. O conteúdo aumentado de oxigênio das proteínas altamente expressas e reguladas pode ser causado pela atividade frequente do citoesqueleto e adaptado ao rápido crescimento e divisão das células cancerosas de cabeça e pescoço. O viés do uso de oxigênio e as proteínas-chave podem nos ajudar a entender os mecanismos por trás do câncer de cabeça e pescoço na terapia direcionada, o que estabelece uma base para a aplicação da estequioproteômica na terapia direcionada e oferece uma promessa para potenciais tratamentos para o câncer de cabeça e pescoço.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/genética , Oxígeno , Carbono , Proteoma/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
Clin Radiol ; 2022 Sep 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182334

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the diverse clinical and imaging features of Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) and its subgroup comparison. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data from 21 patients with LDD were collected, including eight patients with LDD without other tumours and 13 LDD with other tumours. Redefined diagnostic criteria are used to evaluate Cowden Syndrome. Imaging indicators were analysed retrospectively to extract typical and atypical features. Imaging findings and preoperative diagnostic accuracy were compared between the subgroups. RESULTS: None of these patients met the redefined diagnostic criteria. The typical "tiger stripe sign" was seen in most LDD lesions (13/29, 61.9%), with lower density (29.66 ± 2.51 versus 37.81 ± 2.76 HU, p<0.001) and higher apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value (1.04 ± 0.05 × 10-3 versus 0.74 ± 0.03 × 10-3 mm2/s, p<0.001) than that of the normal cerebellum. Atypically, some lesions showed abnormal vessels (8/21, 38.1%), intratumoural calcification (3/21, 14.29%), intratumoural haemorrhage (4/21, 19.05%), peritumoural oedema (6/21, 28.57%), and heterogeneous enhancement (5/21, 23.81%). The typical "tiger stripe sign" was more common in LDD with other tumours (84.62% versus 25%, p=0.018). Although LDD without other tumours was more common with abnormal vessels (75% versus 15.38%, p=0.018), intratumoural calcification (37.5% versus 0, p=0.042), intratumoural haemorrhage (50% versus 0, p=0.012), peritumoural oedema (62.5% versus 7.69%, p=0.014) and heterogeneous enhancement (50% versus 7.69%, p=0.047). Preoperative diagnostic accuracy was higher in LDD with other tumours than LDD without other tumours (76.92% versus 25%, p=0.032). CONCLUSION: The "tiger stripe sign" of LDD is characteristic, but not unique. With or without other tumours, it may be associated with the imaging diversity. Combining typical and atypical signs can improve the imaging assessment of LDD.

3.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058657

RESUMEN

Objective: To summarize the experience of endoscopic endonasal approach in the treatment of anterior skull base with intra-extracranial extension meningioma, and to analyze the perioperative quality of life of patients, and to discuss the safety and efficacy of the treatment. Methods: A total of 83 cases of anterior skull base with intra-extracranial extension meningioma admitted to Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2007 to October 2019, who underwent endoscopic endonasal approach tumor resection, were retrospectively analyzed. The quality of life of the patients were evaluated by Anterior Skull Base Questionnaire (ASBQ) before and after surgery. The surgical techniques, extent of tumor resection, postoperative complications and the changes of patients' quality of life were summarized and analyzed. SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 57 anterior skull base with intra-extracranial extension meningioma patients were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, including 23 males and 34 females, aging (48.6±16.6) years. Fifty cases (87.7%) reached or exceeded Simpson gradeⅠ resection, and 7 cases underwent subtotal resection. Symptoms relief was as follows: headache relief in 45/50 (90%), vision improvement in 18/19 (94.7%), olfaction improvement in 6/45 (13.3%), mental symptoms improvement in 3/9 (33.3%), and seizure relief in 5/7 (71.4%). Postoperative complication included mental symptoms in 5 cases, cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 2 cases, epilepsy in 2 cases, frontal lobe hemorrhage in 1 case, and intracranial infection in 1 case. The follow-up period was 38 to 144 months. There were two cases recurring and no death. ASBQ assessment showed significant improvement in general condition, physical function, role function, mood disorder, pain, vision impairment, and sleep disturbance at 1 month postoperatively, with continued improvement thereafter, and reached stable at 6 months postoperatively. Conclusion: Endoscopic endonasal approach surgery is able to achieve safe and effective tumor resection for anterior skull base intra-extracranial extension meningioma, and the quality of life of patients can be improved steadily.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Neoplasias de la Base del Cráneo , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/patología , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirugía , Meningioma/cirugía , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Retrospectivos , Base del Cráneo/patología , Base del Cráneo/cirugía , Neoplasias de la Base del Cráneo/patología , Neoplasias de la Base del Cráneo/cirugía
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(17): 6129-6144, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111915

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the meta-analysis was to explore the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) in various cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched multiple databases, including PubMed, China National Knowledge 53 Infrastructure (CNKI), Springer, Web of Science, and Cochrane, for articles on the prognostic value of lncRNA MIAT in various cancers before 25 March 2021. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were adopted to evaluate the clinicopathological features and outcomes of cancers. The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset was used to identify the differential expression and prognostic significance of lncRNA MIAT. RESULTS: We enrolled 14 publications, including 1,573 cancer patients. Higher lncRNA MIAT expression was significantly related to worse overall survival (OR=3.13, 95% CI: 2.47-3.96, p<0.05), regardless of cancer types, sample size, and follow-up time of the included studies. Additionally, higher lncRNA MIAT expression was associated with larger tumour sizes (OR=1.67, 95% CI: 1.24-2.26, p<0.05), advanced clinical stage (OR=4.79, 95% CI: 3.38-6.79, p<0.05), lymph nodes metastasis (OR=7.33, 95% CI: 4.61-11.67, p<0.05), and distant metastasis (OR=2.62, 95% CI: 1.88-3.66, p<0.05), but not associated with age and gender. We found no publication bias, and sensitivity analysis indicated that the results were reliable. CONCLUSIONS: Higher lncRNA MIAT expression may predict larger tumour sizes, advanced clinical stage, metastasis of cancers, and lower overall survival rate. LncRNA MIAT may serve as a useful clinicopathological and prognostic biomarker for cancers.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , ARN Largo no Codificante , Biomarcadores , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Humanos , Metástasis Linfática , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico , Infarto del Miocardio/genética , Pronóstico , ARN Largo no Codificante/genética , ARN Largo no Codificante/metabolismo
5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(17): 6145-6168, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111944

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Both cancer and atherosclerosis are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the world, and some patients even suffer from both of them. Several studies have shown an association between the pathogenesis of cancer and atherosclerosis. It has been reported that miR-126 may participate in the pathological process of cancer and atherosclerosis. Therefore, we aimed to summarize the role of miR-126 in cancer and atherosclerosis respectively, as well as a possible association between them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this paper, "miR-126" and "microRNA-126" are used as the first group of keywords, "atheromatosis" and "atherosclerosis" are used as the second group of keywords, and "tumor" and "cancer" are used as the third group of keywords. In PubMed, the authors selected one of the first group and the second group of keywords to search the literature related to miR-126 and cancer, and one of the first group and the third group of keywords was selected to search the literature on miR-126 and atherosclerosis. All collected articles are from 2021 and before. Irrelevant, withdrawn and review articles were excluded, and the included literature was mainly in the recent five years. RESULTS: After collection and summary, miR-126 is found involved in cell apoptosis, proliferation, angiogenesis, inflammation, and other processes in both cancer and atherosclerosis by negatively targeting PI3K, VEGF, VCAM-1, EGFL7, CXCL12-CXCR4 axis, and LRP6. Moreover, we briefly review the prospects of miR-126 as a biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer and atherosclerosis in clinical applications. CONCLUSIONS: It has been demonstrated that miR-126 can influence cancer and atherosclerosis by affecting the same or different target genes. Therefore, it facilitates our understanding of the common prevention and treatment strategies of cancer and atherosclerosis by regulating the miR-126-target genes network.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , MicroARNs , Neoplasias , Aterosclerosis/genética , Aterosclerosis/patología , Biomarcadores , Proteínas de Unión al Calcio , Proliferación Celular/genética , Familia de Proteínas EGF , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Celular Vascular , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo
6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(4): 341-351, 2022 Aug 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116923

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphological variation of Oncomelania hupensis shells in Yunnan Province, so as to provide insights into the understanding of O. hupensis genetic evolution and control. METHODS: According to the O. hupensis density, geographical location, altitude, water system and environmental type, 12 administrative villages were sampled from 10 schistosomiasis-endemic counties (districts) in 3 prefectures (cities) of Yunnan Province as snail collection sites. From December 2021 to January 2022, about 200 snails were collected from each collection site, among which thirty adult snails (6 to 7 spirals) were randomly selected from each site, and the 11 morphological indexes of snail shells were measured and subjected to cluster analysis and principal component analysis. RESULTS: Of O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, the longest shell (7.33 mm) was detected in snails from Yongle Village, Eryuan County, with the shortest (4.68 mm) in Dongyuan Village, Gucheng District, and the largest angle of apex (59.47°) was measured in snails from Caizhuang Village, Midu County, with the smallest (41.40°) in Qiandian Village, Eryuan County. The mean coefficient of variation was 9.075% among O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, with the largest coefficient of variation seen in the thickness of the labra brim (29.809%). Among O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, the mean Euclidean distance was 2.26, with the shortest Euclidean distance seen between O. hupensis snails from Qiandian Village of Eryuan County and Wuxing Village of Dali City (0.26), and the largest found between O. hupensis snails from Caizhuang Village of Midu County and Cangling Village of Chuxiong County (8.17). Cluster analysis and principal component analysis classified O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province into three categories, including the O. hupensis snail samples from Caizhuang Village of Midu County, O. hupensis snail samples from Cangling Village of Chuxiong County, and O. hupensis snail samples from Qiandian Village of Eryuan County, Wuxing Village of Dali City, Yangwu Village of Yongsheng County, Xiaoqiao Village of Xiangyun County, Yongle Village of Eryuan County, Xiaocen Village of Dali City, Anding Village of Nanjian County, Dongyuan Village of Gucheng District, Lianyi Village of Heqing County, and Dianzhong Village of Weishan County. The variations in these three categories of snail samples were mainly measured in the principal component 2 related to the angle of apex and the thickness of the labra brim. CONCLUSIONS: The variations in the Euclidean distance and morphological features of shells of O. hupensis from 12 localities of Yunnan Province gradually rise with the decrease in the latitude of the collection sites. The angle of apex is an indicator for the growth of O. hupensis whorl.


Asunto(s)
Gastrópodos , Animales , China , Ciudades , Análisis por Conglomerados , Agua
7.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(4): 400-403, 2022 May 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116931

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To establish an animal model of sparganosis mansoni through oral administration of Cyclops infected with procercoids. METHODS: Domestic cats were infected with Sparganum mansoni under laboratory conditions, and fresh cat stool samples were collected, washed in dechlorinated water, and filtered. Spirometra mansoni eggs were collected and prepared into suspensions. Twenty C57BL/6j mice were randomly divided into the experimental group (n = 15) and the control group (n = 5). Wild Cyclops were infected with Spirometra mansoni coracidia to allow 3 to 5 procercoids in each Cyclop. Then, each mouse in the experimental group was given 15 Cyclops infected with procercoids by gavage, while mice in the control group were orally administered with the same volume of dechlorinated water. All mice were sacrificed after 5 months, and dissected, and suspicious Sparganum mansoni worms were collected. The serum specific IgG antibody against Sparganum mansoni was measured in mice using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Genomic DNA was isolated from suspicious Sparganum mansoni worms, and the specific Sparganum mansoni cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene was amplified using PCR assay. RESULTS: Among the 15 mice in the experimental group, six were positive for the serum specific IgG antibody against Sparganum mansoni, and milky white worms were found and collected from the subcutaneous regions of 4 out of 6 mice. Only one worm was detected in each mouse, and the worm morphology was similar to Sparganum mansoni. Capillary electrophoresis of the PCR amplification products of COI gene presented a specific band with 151 bp in size, and sequencing analysis revealed 100% homology with Sparganum mansoni. CONCLUSIONS: A mouse model of sparganosis mansoni is successfully created through oral administration of Cyclops infected with Spirometra mansoni procercoids.


Asunto(s)
Esparganosis , Plerocercoide , Administración Oral , Animales , Gatos , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Complejo IV de Transporte de Electrones , Inmunoglobulina G , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Minociclina/uso terapéutico , Esparganosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Plerocercoide/genética , Suspensiones
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1370-1375, 2022 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117341

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand the transmission characteristics and risk factors of household COVID-19 clusters caused by 2019-nCoV Omicron variant in Tianjin and provide evidence for COVID-19 prevention and control. Methods: Field epidemiological method was used to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 cases, and descriptive analysis was used to describe the epidemiological information. Results: A total of 430 cases were reported in this epidemic in Tianjin, in which 409 cases were included in this study. Among these cases, 70.90% (290/409) occurred in families. The family secondary attack rate was 33.64% The family secondary attack rate in age group 12-17 years (13.79%) was significantly lower than that in age group 18-49 years (36.48%), the OR was 0.378 (95%CI: 0.170-0.840). The logistic regression analysis showed that compared with centralized quarantine, the OR of the index cases found in closed-off/controlled areas and in home quarantine were 2.951 (95%CI:1.322-6.586) and 2.287 (95%CI:1.164-4.495), respectively, compared with the cases without sore throat, the OR of the index cases with sore throat was 3.003 (95%CI: 1.576-5.720), and compared with cases in families without completed COVID-19 vaccinations in all members, the OR of the cases in families with completed COVID-19 vaccinations in all members was 0.268 (95%CI: 0.132-0.552). Conclusions: The risk of household transmission of infection with Omicron variant was high. Detecting the index case in closed-off/controlled areas or in home quarantine and sore throat in index cases were the risk factors of the household transmission, completed COVID-19 vaccination was the protective factor.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Gripe Humana , Faringitis , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiología , Vacunas contra la COVID-19 , Niño , Humanos , Gripe Humana/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Joven
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1376-1380, 2022 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117342

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of a local clustered epidemic caused by 2019-nCoV Delta variant in Ningbo and provide reference for the improvement of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control. Methods: Case finding was conducted based on case definitions, and field epidemiological investigation of COVID-19 cases was carried out. In which Nasal and oropharyngeal swabs of the cases were collected for pathogen testing, and the results were analyzed with descriptive epidemiological methods. Results: A total of 74 COVID-19 cases were reported in this epidemic, and the cases were mainly mild ones, accounting for 87.84% (65/74), and there were no severe or critical cases. The epidemic curve showed a human-to-human transmission mode, indicating that a transmission for at least six generations had occurred. The age of the COVID-19 patients ranged from 2 years to 80 years, and 27.03% (20/74) of the cases were older than 60 years. The cases were mainly workers (55.41%, 41/74) and housework/the unemployed (27.03%, 20/74). The COVID-19 epidemic was limited, and no further spread to other areas occurred. The transmission chain among the cases was clear, and the gene sequencing results confirmed that the current epidemic was caused by 2019-nCoV Delta variant, which was highly homologous to the strains from other province. Conclusion: The local COVID-19 epidemic in Ningbo was caused by imported cases of COVID-19 from other province, and local community spread occurred through daily contacts between cases and contacts.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Epidemias , COVID-19/epidemiología , Preescolar , Recolección de Datos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1415-1422, 2022 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117348

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the spatiotemporal distribution of life expectancy (LE) and health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2019, and quantize the comprehensive impact of different causes and sequelae on health. Methods: The LE, HALE, and cause-excluded health adjusted life expectancy (CEHALE) were estimated using cause-of-death surveillance datasets from Guangzhou Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention from 2010 to 2019 and open data from the Global Burden of Disease Study. Joinpoint log-linear regression model was used to analyze the temporal trend and described spatial distribution. Results: In 2019, the LE in residents in Guangzhou was 82.9 years (80.1 years in men and 85.9 years in women), and the HALE was 75.6 years (74.0 years in men and 77.3 years in women). Compared with the urban fringe, the central urban area had higher LE and HALE, and the differences between LE and HALE were small. The LE and HALE in Guangzhou showed an increasing trend from 2010 to 2019. The LE increased by 2.8 years (AAPC=0.4, 95%CI: 0.3-0.4), with the increase of 2.8 years in men and 2.9 years in women. The HALE increased by 2.4 years (AAPC=0.3, 95%CI: 0.3-0.4), with the increase of 2.5 years in men and 2.2 years in women. The median healthy life lost due to communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases was 6.2 years (AAPC=-4.2, 95%CI: -5.3--3.1), while the median healthy life lost due to non-communicable diseases was 14.7 years (AAPC=1.6, 95%CI: 0.9-2.3), the median healthy life expectancy reduced by injury was 6.3 years (AAPC=-3.5, 95%CI: -4.5--2.6). Musculoskeletal disorders, skin and subcutaneous diseases, cardiovascular diseases, nutritional deficiencies, diabetes and kidney diseases were the top five diseases causing healthy life expectancy loss. Conclusion: The LE and HALE in residents in Guangzhou increased steadily from 2010 to 2019, but the quality of life in the urban fringe was lower than that of the central urban area. Non-communicable diseases were the leading causes of healthy life expectancy loss. Health policies and prevention measures should be developed according to area specific characteristics, and social medical resources should be rationally allocated to key diseases to reduce their disease burden.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades no Transmisibles , Calidad de Vida , Costo de Enfermedad , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Esperanza de Vida , Masculino
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1455-1461, 2022 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117354

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the relationship between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and provide evidence for the study of the mechanism of GDM. Methods: A case-control study design was used to study pregnant women who delivered in the obstetrics department of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from March 1, 2012 to July 30, 2014. Of these, 334 cases were diagnosed with GDM and were matched 1∶1 by age, gestation time and residence to corresponding healthy controls. DNA genotyping was performed for the study subjects, and those with genotyping deletions >10% were excluded. Finally 323 cases and 320 controls were included in the study. Under co-dominant, dominant, recessive, and allele genetic models, unconditional logistic regression analysis on the relationship between VDR gene locus polymorphism and GDM was conducted. And software Haploview was used to analyze the relationship between haplotype and GDM. Results: At the genetic level, VDR gene was associated with the risk of developing GDM (P<0.05). After adjusting for pre-pregnancy body mass index, family history of diabetes, it was found that rs7967152 loci was associated with an increased risk of developing GDM (AC vs. AA, OR=1.58, 95%CI: 1.13-2.21; AC+CC vs. AA, OR=1.58, 95%CI: 1.15-2.18; C vs. A, OR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.10-1.82) and rs2238140 loci was associated with an increased risk of developing GDM (AA vs. GG, OR=2.24, 95%CI: 1.19-4.20; GA+AA vs. GG, OR=1.48, 95%CI: 1.07-2.03; A vs. G, OR=1.43, 95%CI: 1.11-1.83). Carrying rs2853564 locus AG genotype and AG+GG genotype (OR=1.46, 95%CI: 1.04-2.05; OR=1.45, 95%CI: 1.05-2.00) compared with carrying AA genotype and carrying rs2853566 locus AG genotype and AG+GG genotype (OR=1.43, 95%CI: 1.03-2.00; OR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.02-1.94) compared with carrying AA genotype were risk factors for GDM. Haplotype block consisting of rs1544410, rs7967152 in the VDR gene with GC haplotype was a risk factor for GDM(OR=1.50, 95%CI: 1.15-1.97). Conclusions: VDR gene rs7967152, rs2238140, rs2853564, rs2853566 locus polymorphisms and block (rs1544410, rs7967152) GC haplotype were associated with an incrased risk of developing GDM.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Gestacional , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Diabetes Gestacional/genética , Femenino , Genotipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Embarazo , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1508-1512, 2022 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117362

RESUMEN

A comprehensive review of the research of the effectiveness of influenza vaccine and 23 valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) both at home and abroad in recent years showed that influenza vaccine and PPV23 immunization can significantly reduce the risk for influenza and pneumonia in COPD patients, and reduce the acute exacerbation of disease and related hospitalization. In particular, the influenza vaccination can also reduce the risk for ischemic heart disease, acute coronary syndrome, ventricular arrhythmia, lung cancer, dementia and death in the patients, and the immunization of both vaccines has a more significant protective effect. It is recommended by authoritative guidelines both at home and abroad that COPD patients can receive influenza vaccine and PPV23. At present, the coverage of domestic influenza and pneumococcal vaccines are low, and there are less studies in the applications of both vaccines in patients with COPD. Effective measures should be taken to strengthen the health education and increase the vaccination coverage. Additionally, the clinical research of influenza vaccine and PPV23 for COPD patients, especially the analysis on clinical benefit of immunization of both vaccines, should be further strengthened to effectively improve the survival and prognosis of COPD patients.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas contra la Influenza , Gripe Humana , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Humanos , Vacunas contra la Influenza/uso terapéutico , Gripe Humana/prevención & control , Vacunas Neumococicas , Vacunación
13.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125732

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate whether the metabolic score for insulin resistance (METS-IR) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: A total of 6489 participants aged 35-70 years without a history of CVD were included in this prospective cohort study. The median follow-up time was 10.6 years. The METS-IR was calculated as ln [2 × FPG (mg/dL) + fasting TG (mg/dL)] × BMI (kg/m2)/ln [HDL-C (mg/dL)]. The primary outcome was CVD, defined as the composite of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. RESULTS: During follow-up, 396 individuals developed CVD. Kaplan-Meier survival curves by quintiles of METS-IR showed statistically significant differences (log-rank test, P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the hazard ratio [95% confidence interval (95% CI)] of CVD was 1.80 (1.24-2.61) in quintile 5 and 1.17 (1.05-1.31) for per standard deviation (SD) increase in METS-IR. In subgroup analysis, the significant association between METS-IR and CVD was mainly observed among females and subjects without diabetes mellitus. A significant interaction was found between gender and METS-IR (P-interaction = 0.001). Moreover, adding METS-IR to models with traditional risk factors yielded a significant improvement in discrimination and reclassification of incident CVD. CONCLUSION: The elevated METS-IR was independently associated with incident CVD, suggesting that the METS-IR might be a valuable indicator for risk stratification and early intervention of CVD.

14.
Int J Obstet Anesth ; 52: 103599, 2022 Sep 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162368

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is characterized by defects in the fetal diaphragm and thoracic herniation of the abdominal viscera. The ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is used to establish the fetal airway while on placental support. These EXIT procedures are commonly performed under general anesthesia, which increases maternal bleeding and the risk of insufficient placental perfusion subsequently. This study investigated the feasibility of performing neuraxial anesthesia for the EXIT procedure for fetal congenital diaphragmatic hernia to improve outcomes. METHODS: Parturients with fetal CDH who underwent an EXIT procedure between January 2019 and May 2021 in our institution were recruited. Variables evaluated included gestational age, surgical time, intra-operative blood loss, peri-operative hemoglobin, maternal complications, fetal lung-to-head ratio, time on placental bypass, and postnatal outcome. RESULTS: Twenty-two cases were included. All procedures were performed under neuraxial anesthesia. The median gestational age at the time of the EXIT procedure was 37 weeks. The median estimated blood loss was 200 mL. There was no report of an adverse maternal event. The placental bypass time was 142.9 ±â€¯72.6 s, and access to the airway was successfully established within the bypass time. Twenty-one neonates reached an Apgar score of 9 at 5 min. In the first two hours after birth, the average pH of neonatal peripheral arterial blood was 7.35 ±â€¯0.07 (n=19), and lactate level 1.85 ±â€¯0.71 mmol/L (n=19). CONCLUSIONS: In the EXIT procedure to establish an airway for fetal CDH, neuraxial anesthesia proved a feasible technique for maternal anesthesia.

15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(9): 942-949, 2022 Sep 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164695

RESUMEN

Cancer is a major public health issue that seriously endangers the public health and social development of China. Future initiatives for cancer prevention and control should continue to adhere to the principle of prioritizing prevention, and comprehensively implement related prevention activities nationwide. This is critical to reducing cancer burden in Chinese residents, especially in the low- and middle-income populations and those living in areas that are less economically developed. In the past several decades, the international community has significantly reduced the incidence of related cancers through primary prevention measures such as tobacco control, improved occupational hygiene, and vaccination. China has also implemented a series of exploratory primary prevention measures among high-risk groups of cancer in specific areas including Xuanwei, Qidong, and Linxian, and achieved encouraging results. However, due to the low level of systematic awareness of cancer risk factors and the lack of awareness and ability of self-health management in Chinese residents, it is urgent to develop novel research tools and methods to further reveal the causes of cancer, and establish innovative mechanisms and systems of primary prevention of cancer at population and individual levels. Based on current status of the transformation of cancer spectrum and the development of digital intelligence, it would be beneficial to establish a smart digital system for primary cancer prevention service that can cover the entire population, integrating authoritative popular science education on primary prevention of cancer, individualized cancer risk assessment, and personalized health management assistant. This will improve primary cancer prevention among the Chinese general population and can help the sustainable development of cancer prevention and control in China.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Neoplasias , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Neoplasias/prevención & control , Prevención Primaria , Factores de Riesgo
16.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 1095-1101, 2022 Sep 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177564

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the reduction effect of hoding cricoarytenoid joint reduction with visual laryngoscope under intravenous anesthesia. Methods: The therapeutic effects of 40 patients with arytenoid dislocation(AD)treated by closed reduction in the single center from January 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 males and 19 females, median age 48 years. The etiology, symptoms, preoperative evaluation methods, reduction mode, reduction times, and the recovery of arytenoid cartilage movement and sound after reduction were evaluated and analyzed. Results: All patients had obvious hoarseness and breath sound before treatment. Under stroboscopic laryngoscope or electronic nasopharyngoscope, different degrees of vocal cord movement disorder and poor glottic closure can be seen. There were 28 cases of left dislocation, 9 cases of right dislocation and 3 cases of bilateral dislocation. The etiology of dislocation of cricoarytenoid joint: 25 cases (62.5%) of tracheal intubation under general anesthesia were the most common causes, was as follows by laryngeal trauma, gastroscopy, cough, vomiting and so on. Among them, 28 cases of reduction were initially diagnosed in our department, and 12 cases were diagnosed later after failure of reduction treatment. Of the 40 patients, 6 underwent reduction 24 hours after dislocation; 18 cases from 3 days to 1 month; 7 cases from 1 to 3 months; 6 cases were reset in 3~6 months; Over 6 months in 3 cases. After one reduction, 10 cases (10/40, 25%) recovered normal pronunciation, 14 cases (14/40, 35%) recovered normal pronunciation after two reduction, 10 cases (10/40, 25%) recovered normal pronunciation after three times, 2 cases (2/40, 5%) recovered normal pronunciation after four times, and 1 case (2.5%) recovered normal pronunciation after five times. Thin slice CT scan of larynx and cricoarytenoid joint reconstruction showed the types of AD: subluxation in 37 cases (92.5%) and total dislocation in 3 cases; 28 cases of left dislocation, 9 cases of right dislocation and 3 cases of bilateral dislocation; 29 cases (72.5%) had posterior dislocation and 11 cases (27.5%) had anterior dislocation. All patients were treated by intravenous anesthesia with arytenoid cartilage clamped by cricoarytenoid joint reduction forceps under visual laryngoscope. The curative effect was evaluated by stroboscopic laryngoscope and/or voice analysis at 1-2 weeks after operation. The vocal cord movement returned to normal and the pronunciation was good in 37 cases (92.5%). Conclusions: Hoding cricoarytenoid joint reduction with the vision laryngoscope under intravenous anesthesia is easy to operate and the reduction effect is more stable. It is a effective method for AD.

18.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 671-677, 2022 Sep 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177578

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the application value of chromosome karyotype analysis, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and whole exome sequencing (WES) in prenatal diagnosis of isolated corpus callosum abnormality (CCA) fetus. Methods: Fetuses diagnosed with isolated CCA by ultrasound and MRI and receiving invasive prenatal diagnosis in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center and Qingyuan People's Hospital from January 2010 to April 2021 were selected. Karyotype analysis and/or CMA [or copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq)] were performed on all fetal samples, and WES was performed on fetal samples and their parents whose karyotype analysis and/or CMA (or CNV-seq) results were not abnormal. Results: Among 65 fetuses with isolated CCA, 38 cases underwent karyotype analysis, and 3 cases were detected with abnormal karyotypes, with a detection rate of 8% (3/38). A total of 49 fetuses with isolated CCA underwent CMA (or CNV-seq) detection, and 6 cases of pathogenic CNV were detected, the detection rate was 12% (6/49). Among them, the karyotype analysis results were abnormal, and the detection rate of further CMA detection was 1/1. The karyotype results were normal, and the detection rate of further CMA (or CNV-seq) detection was 14% (3/21). The detection rate of CMA as the first-line detection technique was 7% (2/27). A total of 25 fetuses with isolated CCA with negative results of karyotyping and/or CMA were tested by WES, and 9 cases (36%, 9/25) were detected with pathogenic genes. The gradient genetic diagnosis of chromosomal karyotyping, CMA and WES resulted in a definite genetic diagnosis of 26% (17/65) of isolated CCA fetuses. Conclusions: Prenatal genetic diagnosis of isolated CCA fetuses is of great clinical significance. The detection rate of CMA is higher than that of traditional karyotyping. CMA detection could be used as a first-line detection technique for fetuses with isolated CCA. WES could increase the pathogenicity detection rate of fetuses with isolated CCA when karyotype analysis and/or CMA test results are negative.

19.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 686-691, 2022 Sep 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177580

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the effect of dyslipidemia on the clinical outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (ICSI-ET) in infertility patients receiving donor eggs. Methods: A total of 118 patients were selected to receive egg donors and ICSI-ET at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between April 2007 and December 2020. According to the levels of triacylglycerol, serum cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), and low density lipoprotein, they were divided into dyslipidemia group (35 cases) and normal blood lipids group (83 cases). The influence of body mass index (BMI) and age was adjusted by 1∶1 propensity score matching, and the general condition and clinical outcome of the two groups were analyzed retrospectively. Finally, the relationship between lipid composition and clinical outcome was analyzed according to patients' age and BMI. Results: (1) Comparing the pre-matching dyslipidemia group with the normal blood lipids group, the BMI of the dyslipidemia group was significantly higher than that of the normal blood lipids group [(23.5±2.4) vs (22.4±2.7) kg/m2], and the embryo implantation rate was significantly lower than that of the normal blood lipids group [13.6% (8/59) vs 27.3% (36/132)], the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05). (2) There were no significant differences in years of infertility, number of pregnancies, number of abortions, number of transplanted embryos, protocol of endometrial preparation, endometrial thickness on transplantation day and high quality embryo rate between the two groups, through propensity score matching (all P>0.05). The biochemical pregnancy rate [28.6% (10/35)], embryo implantation rate [13.6% (8/59)] and live birth rate [20.0% (7/35)] in dyslipidemia group were significantly lower than those in the normal blood lipids group (P<0.05). The clinical pregnancy rate was lower than that of the normal blood lipids group (P>0.05). (3) The results of stratified analysis showed that the level of HDL in the clinically non-pregnant group was significantly lower than that in the pregnant group in patients ≤ 35 years old [(1.5±0.3) vs (1.8±0.5) mmol/L; P<0.05]. In the overweight recipient patients, the level of HDL of the clinically non-pregnant group was lower than that of the pregnant group (P>0.05). Conclusions: Dyslipidemia significantly reduces the biochemical pregnancy rate, embryo implantation rate and live birth rate in patients with receiving donor eggs. Especially in patients aged ≤35 years old, the reduction of HDL is closely related to adverse pregnancy outcomes.

20.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(9): 839-848, 2022 Sep 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177588

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the expression and function of collagen type ⅩⅦ α1 (COL17α1) in aging mouse skin and its effect on the stemness and proliferation of human epidermal stem cells (ESCs), and to explore the mechanism of related microRNA (miR) in intervening the expression of COL17α1 of human ESC. Methods: The method of experimental research was used. Twelve 2-month-old (young) and twelve 24-month-old (aged) male C57BL/6J mice were selected, and full-thickness skin samples from their upper back were taken for follow-up detection. After hematoxylin-eosin staining of the full-thickness skin samples of young mice and aged mice, the structure of the epidermis was observed and the thickness of the epidermis was measured; the morphology of epidermal basement membrane and hemidesmosomes were observed by transmission electron microscopy, and the hemidesmosomes were counted; the mRNA and protein expressions of COL17α1 were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting respectively, and the protein expression and distribution of COL17α1 was observed and detected by immunofluorescence method. The fresh foreskin tissue discarded after surgery was obtained from 3 healthy men aged 20-30 years who underwent circumcision at the Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital, ESCs were extracted and well-grown cells were wsed for follow-up experiments. According to the random number table (the same grouping method below), ESCs were divided into blank control group, transfection reagent control group, empty vector plasmid group, and COL17α1 knockdown plasmid group with corresponding treatment. After 48 hours of culture, the mRNA expression of COL17α1 was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR, the protein expressions of COL17α1 and cytokeratin 14 (CK14) were detected by Western blotting, and the cell proliferation level was detected by cell counting kit 8. miRs that might act on the 3' non-coding region of COL17α1 mRNA were screened through DIANA, miRTarBase, miRNAMap, TargetScan, and microRNA databases. The ESCs were divided into negative control group transfected with miR mimic negative control and each miR mimic group transfected with each of the previously screened miR mimics. Forty-eight hours after transfection, the protein expression of COL17α1 was detected by Western blotting. Based on the sequencing data set GSE114006 in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), the GEO2R tool was used to statistically analyze the expression of the previously screened miRs that could cause the reduction of COL17α1 protein expression in the skin of 30 young (18-25 years old) and 30 elderly (>70 years old) human skins. The full-thickness skin samples of young mice and aged mice were taken, and the expressions of increased miRs in the aforementioned aged human skin were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR. Two batches of human ESCs were taken, the first batch was divided into COL17α1 wild type+miR-203b-3p negative control group and COL17α1 wild type+miR-203b-3p mimic group, and the second batch was divided into COL17α1 mutant+miR-203b-3p negative control group and COL17α1 mutant+miR-203b-3p mimic group. Each group of ESC was transfected with corresponding sequences respectively. Forty-eight hours later, the luciferase reporter gene detection kit was used to detect the gene expression level of COL17α1. The number of samples in the tissue experiment was 6, and the number of samples in the cell experiment was 3. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, one-way analysis of variance, least significant difference test or Dunnett's test, Mann-Whitney U test or Kruskal-Wallis H test. Results: Compared with those of young mice, the boundary between the epidermis and the dermis of the aged mice skin was blurred and the cell layers were less, and the thickness of epidermis was significantly thinner (Z=-2.88, P<0.01); the morphology of basement membrane was discontinuous, with less unevenly distributed hemidesmosomes at the epidermis-dermis junction, and the number of hemidesmosomes was significantly reduced (Z=-2.91, P<0.01); the mRNA and protein expression levels of COL17α1 in the skin of aged mice were significantly decreased (with t values of 10.61 and 6.85, respectively, P<0.01). Compared with those of young mice, the protein expression of COL17α1 in the basal layer of epidermis and the bulb of hair follicle in the skin of aged mice was significantly decreased (Z=-2.24, P<0.05). After 48 hours of culture, the protein expression levels of COL17α1 in ESCs of blank control group, transfection reagent control group, empty vector plasmid group, and COL17α1 knockdown plasmid group were 1.00±0.27, 1.12±0.21, 1.13±0.23, and 0.42±0.18, respectively. Compared with those of blank control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of COL17α1, the protein expression level of CK14, and the proliferation level of ESCs in transfection reagent control group and empty vector plasmid group did not change significantly (P>0.05), while these indexes in COL17α1 knockdown plasmid group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). miR-203a-3p, miR-203b-3p, miR-512-5p, miR-124-3p, miR-28-5p, miR-590-3p, and miR-329-5p might bind to the 3' non-coding region of COL17α1 mRNA. Forty-eight hours after transfection, compared with 1.000±0.224 in negative control group, the protein expression level of COL17α1 in ESCs of miR-329-5p mimic group, miR-203b-3p mimic group, and miR-203a-3p mimic group decreased significantly (0.516±0.188, 0.170±0.025, and 0.235±0.025, with t values of 3.17, 5.43, and 5.07, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Only the expression level of miR-203b-3p in the skin of the elderly was significantly higher than that of the young (t=3.27, P<0.01). The expression level of miR-203b-3p in the skin of aged mice was significantly higher than that of young mice (Z=-2.88, P<0.01). Forty-eight hours after transfection, the gene expression level of COL17α1 in ESCs of COL17α1 wild type+miR-203b-3p mimic group was significantly lower than that of COL17α1 wild type+miR-203b-3p negative control group (t=7.66, P<0.01). The gene expression level of COL17α1 in ESCs of COL17α1 mutant+miR-203b-3p mimic group was similar to that of COL17α1 mutant+miR-203b-3p negative control group (P>0.05). Conclusions: The mRNA and protein expression levels of COL17α1 decrease with age increasing in mice, which may lead to the detachment of mouse ESC from the epidermal basement membrane. Decreased expression of COL17α1 can inhibit the expression of CK14 and ESC proliferation, which may be responsible for the thinning of the epidermis and slower wound healing in aged human skin. The increased expression of miR-203b-3p in aged mouse skin can target and bind to the 3' non-coding region of COL17α1 mRNA, hindering the post-transcriptional translation process, thus resulting in decreased COL17α1 protein expression.

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