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1.
Bioact Mater ; 7: 491-503, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466748

RESUMEN

Conventional dental materials lack of the hierarchical architecture of enamel that exhibits excellent intrinsic-extrinsic mechanical properties. Moreover, restorative failures frequently occur due to physical and chemical mismatch between artificial materials and native dental hard tissue followed by recurrent caries which is caused by sugar-fermenting, acidogenic bacteria invasion of the defective cite. In order to resolve the limitations of the conventional dental materials, the aim of this study was to establish a non-cell-based biomimetic strategy to fabricate a novel bioactive material with enamel-like structure and antibacterial adhesion property. The evaporation-based, bottom-up and self-assembly method with layer-by-layer technique were used to form a large-area fluorapatite crystal layer containing antibacterial components. The multilayered structure was constructed by hydrothermal growth of the fluorapatite crystal layer and highly conformal adsorption to the crystal surface of a polyelectrolyte matrix film. Characterization and mechanical assessment demonstrated that the synthesized bioactive material resembled the native enamel in chemical components, mechanical properties and crystallographic structure. Antibacterial and cytocompatibility evaluation demonstrated that this material had the antibacterial adhesion property and biocompatibility. In combination with the molecular dynamics simulations to reveal the effects of variables on the crystallization mechanism, this study brings new prospects for the synthesis of enamel-inspired materials.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114608, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517059

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nelumbo nucifera (N. nucifera), a kind of edible Chinese herbal, has been studied in treating hyperlipidemia. However, the hypolipidemic mechanism of N. nucifera remains unknown. Aims of this review: We aimed to screen the effective constituent of N. nucifera alkaloids and elucidated the potential mechanism for treating hyperlipidemia. A triple combination strategy of UHPLC-MSn, hypolipidemic activity and transcriptome sequencing was built to unveil the hypolipidemic mechanism of Nelumbo nucifera alkaloid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We comprehensively investigated the characterization of N. nucifera alkaloids by using UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MSn. And the hypolipidemic activity of candidate active ingredients were evaluated on sodium oleate-induced HepG2 cell. Finally, O-nornuciferine and N. nucifera alkaloid extraction were analyzed by RNA sequence (RNA-seq) to decipher the underlying hypolipidemic mechanism and were verified by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: 35 compounds were identified from N. nucifera alkaloid extraction by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MSn. Among them, O-nornuciferine and N. nucifera alkaloid extraction which showed significant hypolipidemic activity were analyzed by transcriptome sequencing. After the intervention of O-nornuciferine and N. nucifera alkaloid extraction, 1 and 158 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, severally. The enrichment analysis indicated that the hypolipidemic effect was adjusted by the expression of numerous key DEGs involved in bile secretion, glycerolipid and sphingolipid metabolism, PPAR signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: O-nornuciferine and N. nucifera alkaloids had exibited significant effects in hyperlipidemia. The candidate genes were LDLR, LPL and ANGPTL4, etc. It was most likely that they adjusted lipid metabolism by modulating expression levels of various key factors which were involved in bile secretion, glycerolipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism and PPAR signaling pathway, and so on. This study clarified the hypolipidemic mechanism of the alkaloids in N. nucifera, and laid a foundation for the subsequent development of clinical application and better quality of N. nucifera.

3.
Food Chem ; 368: 130687, 2022 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416486

RESUMEN

The solubility and physicochemical properties of resveratrol in peanut oil were systematically studied following ultrasonic and magnetic stirring-assisted dissolution. The highest resveratrol solubility in peanut oil observed was 95.91%. The optimal dissolution process was determined to be the addition of 183.00 mg/kg resveratrol, a magnetic temperature of 40.00℃, and a magnetic duration of 3.50 h, which yielded a resveratrol content of 175.51 mg/kg oil. Under this standardized process, the oil composition remained unchanged. Resveratrol promoted the conversion of saturated triglycerides into unsaturated triglycerides, increased the linolenic acid content, and did not facilitate the formation of trans fatty acids. In addition, resveratrol preservedthe lightcolor, decreased the peroxide and acid values by 30%, prolonged the shelf life by more than 2 folds, and improved the thermal stability. In this sense, peanut oil with resveratrol can serve as anti-isomerism and antioxidant additive.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Aceite de Cacahuete , Resveratrol , Solubilidad , Triglicéridos
4.
Food Chem ; 368: 130844, 2022 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425338

RESUMEN

The sensory perception of food is a dynamic procedure, which is closely related to the released flavor stimuli. Thus, we evaluated the dynamic sensations of fresh and roasted salmon during the chewing process and investigated the tastants released in saliva. For fresh salmon, the fishy, umami, salty, and sweet attributes were perceived successively. Meanwhile, the smoky and fried flavors were the most dominant attributes of roasted salmon at the beginning, then various attributes were perceived. During the chewing process, free amino acids and 5'-nucleotides released in saliva were quantified. Compared to the sensory data, the results demonstrated that glutamic acid and inosine 5'-monophosphate released in saliva might induce the umami perception. The sweet-tasting amino acids alanine and glycine may contribute to sweetness. Therefore, we suggested that the time dimension of tastants dissolved in saliva would affect the dynamic sensation of food, even for complex food materials.


Asunto(s)
Salmo salar , Animales , Inosina Monofosfato , Masticación , Sensación , Gusto
5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1445-1456, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492479

RESUMEN

Hematite (α-Fe2O3) is a promising candidate for NH3 selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) of NOx due to its good sulfur resistance. However, the activity of pure α-Fe2O3 is very low. In this work, α-Fe2O3 obtained excellent N2 selectivity and medium-high temperature activity via a simple surface sulfation method. The α-Fe2O3-350 (sulfated at 350 °C) sample showed an NO conversion rate of ~ 100% in the range of 275-350 °C and exhibited excellent H2O and SO2 resistance ability at 300 °C. Furthermore, pure α-Fe2O3 was used as a model catalyst to fully uncover the effect of sulfation on FeOx-based catalysts in NH3-SCR reactions. Structural characterization indicated that the degree of surface sulfation of the catalyst would be deepened with increasing temperature, and the states of sulfate species on α-Fe2O3 changed from surface sulfates to bulk-like sulfates. Although sulfation treatment reduced the redox properties of α-Fe2O3, it significantly increased its surface acidity and thus the activity. Excessive bulk-like sulfates induced a decrease in activity. Sulfation inhibited the adsorption of NOx on the α-Fe2O3 catalyst surface and reduced the thermal stability of nitrates at medium-high temperature. Thus, the Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) mechanism was inhibited, and the reaction mainly followed the Eley-Rideal (E-R) mechanism.

6.
Pattern Recognit ; 122: 108255, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456369

RESUMEN

COVID-19 has emerged as one of the deadliest pandemics that has ever crept on humanity. Screening tests are currently the most reliable and accurate steps in detecting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus in a patient, and the most used is RT-PCR testing. Various researchers and early studies implied that visual indicators (abnormalities) in a patient's Chest X-Ray (CXR) or computed tomography (CT) imaging were a valuable characteristic of a COVID-19 patient that can be leveraged to find out virus in a vast population. Motivated by various contributions to open-source community to tackle COVID-19 pandemic, we introduce SARS-Net, a CADx system combining Graph Convolutional Networks and Convolutional Neural Networks for detecting abnormalities in a patient's CXR images for presence of COVID-19 infection in a patient. In this paper, we introduce and evaluate the performance of a custom-made deep learning architecture SARS-Net, to classify and detect the Chest X-ray images for COVID-19 diagnosis. Quantitative analysis shows that the proposed model achieves more accuracy than previously mentioned state-of-the-art methods. It was found that our proposed model achieved an accuracy of 97.60% and a sensitivity of 92.90% on the validation set.

7.
Neurosci Lett ; 766: 136312, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757107

RESUMEN

Computer aided diagnosis (CAD) methods for Parkinson's disease (PD) can assist clinicians in diagnosis and treatment. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based CAD methods can help reveal structural changes in brain. Classifier is a key component in CAD system, which directly affects the classification performance. Privileged information (PI) can assist to train the classifier by providing additional information, which makes test samples have less error and improves the classification accuracy. In this paper, we proposed a PI based kernel ridge regression plus (KRR+) in diagnosis of PD. Specifically, morphometric features and brain network features are extracted from MRI. Then, empirical kernel mapping feature expression method is used to make the data separable in high-dimensional space. Besides, we introduce self-paced learning that can adaptively select the sample in training of the model, which can further improve the classification performance. The experimental results show that the proposed method is effective for PD diagnosis, its performance is superior to existing classification model. This method is helpful to assist clinicians to find out possible neuroimaging biomarkers in the diagnosis of PD.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 4): 150895, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655622

RESUMEN

The effects of polystyrene nanoplastics (PSNPs) on the physiological and molecular metabolism of corn seedlings were examined by treating corn (Zea mays L.) seedlings with 100, 300, and 500 nm diameter PSNPs and examining plant photosynthetic characteristics, antioxidant enzyme systems, and molecular metabolism. After 15 days of exposure to PSNPs with different particle sizes (50 mg·L-1), the photosynthetic characteristics of the plant remained stable, and the maximum photochemical quantum yield (Fv/Fm) and non-photochemical quenching coefficient (NPQ) had no significant effects. The root microstructure was damaged and the antioxidant enzyme system was activated, and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) was significantly increased by 2.25-4.50-fold. In addition, 100 nm and 300 nm PSNPs exposure caused root superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity to increase 1.28-fold and 1.53-fold, and glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-PX) activity increased 1.30-fold and 1.58-fold. Non-targeted metabolomics analysis identified a total of 304 metabolites. Exposure to 100, 300, and 500 nm PSNPs led to the production of 85 (upregulated: 85, downregulated: 0), 73 (upregulated: 73, downregulated: 0), and 86 (upregulated: 84, downregulated: 2) differentially expressed metabolites, respectively, in the plant roots. Co-expressed differential metabolites accounted for 38.2% of the metabolites and indicated a metabolic imbalance primarily in organic acids and derivatives in the root system. The most significant enrichment pathways were those of alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism. Overall, exposure to PSNPs of different particle sizes activated the root antioxidant enzyme system and interfered with plant basic metabolism. The alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolic pathways appear to be closely related to plant mechanisms for tolerance/detoxification of PSNPs.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 25(1)2022 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812477

RESUMEN

Simvastatin exerts a protective effect during sepsis (SP) in animal models; however, the underlying mechanism is not completely understood, particularly in human SP. Neutrophils are a critical effector in the host inflammatory response to SP. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of simvastatin on neutrophils in human SP. Neutrophils were isolated from the peripheral venous blood of adult patients with SP and healthy volunteers (HP). Cell viability was analyzed using the MTT assay. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and the concentrations of inflammatory mediators were also assessed using flow cytometry and ELISA. The results demonstrated that the cell viability of neutrophils from the SP group was significantly decreased compared with that in the HP group, and that treatment with simvastatin partly reversed the reduced cell viability. Furthermore, simvastatin administration significantly decreased ROS production and the concentrations of TNF­α and IL­6, which were significantly increased in neutrophils isolated from the SP group. Simvastatin also enhanced autophagy induction, as indicated by the promotion of the conversion of LC3I to LC3II and the increased expression levels of Beclin 1 in SP neutrophils. Treatment with 3­methyladenine, an autophagy inhibitor, completely blocked the protective effects of simvastatin on neutrophils from SP, including the effects of simvastatin on the inhibition of inflammation, oxidative stress and improving cell viability. Collectively, the present study provided evidence for the simvastatin­induced autophagic process of neutrophils involved in human SP, which protects neutrophils and partially attenuates the inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Therefore, the augmentation of neutrophil autophagy may serve as a potential therapeutic target for patients with SP.

10.
J Cell Biol ; 221(1)2022 Jan 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813648

RESUMEN

Primary cilia transduce diverse signals in embryonic development and adult tissues. Defective ciliogenesis results in a series of human disorders collectively known as ciliopathies. The CP110-CEP97 complex removal from the mother centriole is an early critical step for ciliogenesis, but the underlying mechanism for this step remains largely obscure. Here, we reveal that the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) plays an essential role in ciliogenesis by targeting the CP110-CEP97 complex. LUBAC specifically generates linear ubiquitin chains on CP110, which is required for CP110 removal from the mother centriole in ciliogenesis. We further identify that a pre-mRNA splicing factor, PRPF8, at the distal end of the mother centriole acts as the receptor of the linear ubiquitin chains to facilitate CP110 removal at the initial stage of ciliogenesis. Thus, our study reveals a direct mechanism of regulating CP110 removal in ciliogenesis and implicates the E3 ligase LUBAC as a potential therapy target of cilia-associated diseases, including ciliopathies and cancers.

11.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2375: 61-75, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591299

RESUMEN

Three-dimensional bioprinting represents promising approach for fabricating standalone and perfusable vascular conduits using biocompatible materials. Here we describe a step-by-step method by using a multichannel coaxial extrusion system (MCCES) and a blend bioink constituting gelatin methacryloyl, sodium alginate, and eight-arm poly(ethylene glycol)-acrylate with a tripentaerythritol core for the fabrication of standalone circumferentially multilayered hollow tubes. This microfluidic bioprinting method allows the fabrication of perfusable vascular conduits with a core lumen, an inner endothelial layer resembling the tunica intima, and an outer smooth muscle cell layer resembling the tunica media of the blood vessel. Biocompatible and perfusable blood vessels with a widely tunable size range in terms of luminal diameters and wall thicknesses can be successfully fabricated using the MCCES.

12.
Oncol Lett ; 23(1): 17, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820016

RESUMEN

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have a role in the occurrence and development of lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). lncRNA γ-butyrobetaine hydroxylase 1 (BBOX1)-antisense 1 (AS1) may contribute to disease development. However, there are no studies on the role of BBOX1-AS1 in LUSC to date. In the present study, an in-house gene microarray analysis was performed to detect the differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs between three pairs of LUSC and normal lung tissues. Only one lncRNA, BBOX1-AS1, was differentially expressed in the in-house microarray and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and ArrayExpress databases. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was then performed and the original RNA-sequencing data from the TCGA, GEO and ArrayExpress datasets were used to determine the expression and clinical value of BBOX1-AS1 in LUSC. In addition, a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, cell cycle analysis and scratch assay were performed to explore whether BBOX1-AS1 expression affected the proliferation and migration of LUSC cells in vitro. The results of the RT-qPCR analysis and data obtained from the TCGA database, GEO datasets, in-house gene microarray and standard mean deviation analysis all supported the upregulated expression level of BBOX1-AS1 in LUSC. Furthermore, silencing of BBOX1-AS1 inhibited the proliferation and migration of LUSC cells according to in vitro assays. In addition, the cells were arrested in S-phase after knockdown of BBOX1-AS1. In conclusion, the expression level of BBOX1-AS1 was upregulated in LUSC tissues. BBOX1-AS1 may exert an oncogenic effect on LUSC by regulating various biological functions. However, additional functional experiments should be performed to verify the exact mechanism.

13.
Carbohydr Polym ; 276: 118715, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823761

RESUMEN

Four fractions of water-extracted Sepia esculenta ink polysaccharides (SIP) were separated by dicthylaminoethy (DEAE) cellulose chromatography. The eluted fraction with the highest yield was characterized as a sulfate-rich glycosaminoglycan named SIP-IV. According to the analysis of laser scattering and refractive index signals, SIP-IV was determined to be 14.4 kDa and spherical molecular conformation in salt solution. SIP-IV is composed of fucose, galactosamine, glucosamine, mannose and glucuronic acid with a molar ratio of 5.1:7.3:3.8:1:4.4, which is obviously different from reported SIPs. SIP-IV promoted yeast proliferation and intercellular antioxidant level. Based on multi-omics strategy, data of transcriptome analysis suggested that growth promotion of SIP-IV on Saccharomyces cerevisiae might be attributed to regulation of Rho protein signal transduction, nuclear autophagy and nitrogen utilization. Combined with the metabolome results, SIP-IV also re-profiled metabolism of amino acids and phospholipids in yeast cells.

14.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131852, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416594

RESUMEN

Two representative DNA adducts from acrylamide exposure, N7-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl) guanine (N7-GA-Gua) and N3-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl) adenine (N3-GA-Ade), are important long-term exposure biomarkers for evaluating genotoxicity of acrylamide. Catechins as natural antioxidants present in tea possess multiple health benefits, and may also have the potential to protect against acrylamide-induced DNA damage. The current study developed an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous analysis of N7-GA-Gua and N3-GA-Ade in tissues and urine. The validated UHPLC-MS/MS method showed high sensitivity, with limit of detection and limit of quantification ranging 0.2-0.8 and 0.5-1.5 ng/mL, respectively, and achieved qualified precision (RSD<14.0%) and spiking recovery (87.2%-110.0%) with elution within 6 min, which was suitable for the analysis of the two DNA adducts in different matrices. The levels of N7-GA-Gua and N3-GA-Ade ranged 0.9-11.9 and 0.6-3.5 µg/g creatinine in human urine samples, respectively. To investigate the interventional effects of catechins on the two DNA adducts from acrylamide exposure, rats were supplemented with three types of catechins (tea polyphenols, epigallocatechin gallate, and epicatechin) 30 min before administration with acrylamide. Our results showed that catechins effectively inhibited the formation of DNA adducts from acrylamide exposure in both urine and tissues of rats. Among three catechins, epicatechin performed the best inhibitory effect. The current study provided evidence for the chemo-preventive effect of catechins, indicating that dietary supplement of catechins may contribute to health protection against exposure to acrylamide.


Asunto(s)
Catequina , Aductos de ADN , Acrilamida/toxicidad , Animales , Biomarcadores , Catequina/farmacología , Ratas , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem
15.
Food Chem ; 369: 130897, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455330

RESUMEN

Chongqing radish paocai (paocai) is produced by fermentation of fresh vegetables. It gained attention for its non-negligible contribution in Sichuan cuisine and potential health benefits. This study explored microbial structures in six home-made paocai using high through-put sequencing. Key microbial communities were identified based on significant correlations with quality-related physiochemical attributes. Results suggest bacterial diversity level significantly decreased during fermentation, while fungal diversity level were inconsistent across different alpha-diversity indexes. Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were the predominant bacterial phylum in all samples. Lactic acid bacteria, namely Lactobacillus and L. plantarum were the predominant bacteria at genus and species levels. Fungi had overall weak correlations with physiochemical attributes, several bacterial species significantly correlated with physiochemical attributes, including Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus acetotolerans, and Weissella cibaria. Overall, this study identified key microbial communities and discussed their functional roles that could contribute to consistent production of high-quality Chongqing radish paocai.


Asunto(s)
Microbiota , Raphanus , Fermentación , Lactobacillus , Weissella
16.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127132, 2022 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537652

RESUMEN

The abuse of antibiotics has triggered the rise of drug-resistance bacteria, which has seriously threatened public health globally. As a result, carrying out efficient and accurate antibiotic and bacteria identification are quite significant but challenge. Herein, an unprecedented Cd-MOF-based sensor, [CdL]n [1, H2L = 4-(2-methyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl) isophthalic acid] with multiple fluorescence response behaviours towards antibiotics and bacteria was developed. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction revealed that 1 is a mesomeric 2D bilayer, which is comprised of two opposite chiral mono-layers, each assembled by left-handed or right-handed helixes. More interestingly, 1 represented multiplex detection capability towards antibiotics and bacteria through two detection behaviors: toward nitro-antibiotics and chlortetracycline (CTC) via fluorescent quenching, while toward Staphylococcus albus (S. albus) via fluorescent enhancement. Remarkably, 1 showed a low limit of detection (LOD, 47 CFU/mL) accompanied with specificity in the detection of S. albus compared to other bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. In addition, the LOD could reach to ppm level for nitro-antibiotics and CTC. Moreover, the practical application of 1 was further reinforced through the detection of nitro-antibiotics and CTC, as well as S. albus in fetal calf serum and river water.

17.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118476, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763012

RESUMEN

Preconception and prenatal exposure to phthalates has been associated with an increased risk of preterm birth. However, it is unclear whether there are periods of heightened susceptibility during pregnancy. This prospective cohort study included 386 women undergoing fertility treatment who gave birth to a singleton infant during 2005 through 2018. Eleven phthalate metabolites were measured in spot urine samples collected at each trimester. In approximately 50% of participants, two metabolites of 1,2-cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid diisononyl ester (DINCH), a phthalate substitute, were also measured. The molar sum of four di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate metabolites (∑DEHP) was calculated. We evaluated the associations of mean maternal biomarker concentrations with risk of preterm birth using modified log-binomial models and utilized multiple informant models to compare trimester-specific associations. We examined the relative biomarker concentration across gestation comparing women with preterm birth to women with term delivery using quadratic mixed model. The risk ratio for preterm birth associated with a one-unit increase in the natural log-transformed urinary concentrations of ∑DEHP (mean during pregnancy) was 1.21 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.84, 1.72). In multiple informant models, these associations were strongest in the third trimester (RR = 1.51; 95% CI: 1.17, 1.95). Estimated mean ∑DEHP concentrations were higher among women with preterm than term delivery, especially late in gestation. Associations with preterm birth were also observed for each of the four individual DEHP metabolites. Detection of cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid monocarboxyisooctyl ester (MCOCH), a metabolite of DINCH, appeared to be positively related to preterm birth. In this prospective cohort of subfertile couples, maternal ∑DEHP metabolite concentrations during pregnancy were associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, particularly during late gestation.


Asunto(s)
Infertilidad , Ácidos Ftálicos , Nacimiento Prematuro , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Embarazo , Nacimiento Prematuro/inducido químicamente , Nacimiento Prematuro/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos
18.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132173, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509764

RESUMEN

The cellulase produced by Trichoderma sp. was characterized by investigating the adsorption and enrichment of U and the physiological response to U exposure. The effects of U exposure (0 and 400 µM) on the growth, morphological characteristics, cellulase production, U adsorption, and U enrichment capacity of the Trichoderma strain were assessed. The effects of U exposure on the basic metabolism of this fungus were also analyzed by non-targeted metabolomics. Exposure to U (400 µM) for 24 h resulted in OD600 turbidity of 0.278, and activities of carboxymethyl cellulase (CMC), filter paper enzyme (FPA), and ß-glucosidase of 12834 U·mL-1, 9285 U·mL-1, and 12574 U·mL-1, respectively. The measurement of the background α and ß radioactivity showed an α activity concentration of 3.35 × 106 Bq·kg-1 in the fungus, a ß activity concentration of 6.28 × 105 Bq·kg-1, and a U enrichment rate of 70.4 ± 4.5%. GC-MS metabolomics analysis identified a total of 319 metabolites (34 up-regulated and 30 down-regulated), which mainly caused the metabolic imbalance of organic acids and derivatives. The alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolic pathways were the most significantly enriched. Trichoderma sp. therefore has a strong ability to tolerate/accumulate U and continues to produce cellulase under U (400 µM) exposure. However, U interferes with the basic metabolism of this fungus.


Asunto(s)
Trichoderma , Adsorción , beta-Glucosidasa
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114580, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474142

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xiaoyao powder (XYP) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula which has wide scope of indications related to liver stagnation, reconcile qi and blood in TCM syndrome. Infertility can induce similar symptoms and signs to the clinical features of liver stagnation syndrome, the treatment of infertility by soothing the liver is obvious. XYP can increase the clinical pregnancy rate, follicle development, oocyte quality and improve endometrial receptivity. However, its underlying pharmacological mechanism of improving endometrial receptivity is unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of XYP on pregnancy rates and endometrial angiogenesis, to determine the potent mechanism in association with the pro-angiogenic behavior which closely related to improving endometrial receptivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established an animal model exhibiting decreasing endometrial receptivity by controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and a human endometrial microvascular endothelial cell (HEMEC) model. Endometrial morphology was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and Scanning electron microscopy. Western blot and qRT-PCR analysis were used to detect expression of PCNA, Cyclin D1, MMP9 and MAPK signaling pathway. Scratch-wound assay and tube formation assay were used to observe HEMEC migration and tubulogenesis. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that XYP pretreatment could improve endometrial receptivity, which leads to high pregnancy rates. In the endometrium, XYP facilitated angiogenesis by promoting tube formation. XYP could enhance HEMEC proliferation and migration induced by VEGF, which were observed by the microscope and Scratch-wound assays. XYP promoted HEMEC proliferation and migration via the p38 and JNK MAPK signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: XYP promotes HEMEC proliferation and migration via the P38 and the JNK MAPK signaling pathways, which contribute to the endometrial angiogenesis mediated by VEGFR-2 that is favorable for endometrial receptivity. We firstly elucidated the molecular mechanisms by which XYP improved endometrial receptivity by promoting angiogenesis.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127003, 2022 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474367

RESUMEN

The individual and combined toxicity of antibiotics and nanoplastics in marine organisms has received increasing attention. However, many studies have been mostly focused on the impacts on the directly exposed generation (F0). In this study, intergenerational effects of sulfamethazine (SMZ) and nanoplastic fragments (polystyrene, PS) on the growth and the gut microbiota of marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma) were investigated. The results showed that parental exposure to dietary SMZ (4.62 mg/g) alone and PS (3.45 mg/g) alone for 30 days decreased the body weight (by 13.41% and 34.33%, respectively) and altered the composition of gut microbiota in F1 males (two months after hatching). Interestingly, parental exposure to the mixture of SMZ and PS caused a more modest decrease in the body weight of F1 males than the PS alone (15.60% vs 34.33%). The hepatic igf1 level and the relative abundance of the host energy metabolism related phylum Bacteroidetes for the SMZ + PS group were significantly higher than those for the PS group (igf1, increased by 97.1%; Bacteroidetes, 2.876% vs 0.375%), suggesting that the parentally derived mixture of SMZ and PS might influence the first microbial colonization of gut in a different way to the PS alone. This study contributes to a better understanding of the long-term risk of antibiotics and nanoplastics to marine organisms.

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