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1.
Food Chem ; 358: 129893, 2021 Apr 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940300

RESUMEN

Due to the particularity of origin area, the yield and price of Tibetan chicken are different from those in the plain areas, which leads to chickens from the plains being disguised as Tibetan chickens. In present study, Tibetan chicken and chicken from other four provinces in plain areas were distinguished by stable isotopes and chemometric methods. The cross-validation rate was 97.6%. Secondly, correlation between mean δ13C, δ15N, δ2H and δ18O values in chicken samples and environmentalparameters was investigated. These indicators are closely related to geographical environment. δ13C and δ15N values were positively correlated with longitude (R = 0.955) and altitude (R = 0.796), respectively. δ18O and δ2H values were negatively correlated with latitude (R = 0.903) and altitude (R = 0.938), respectively. At last, we used stable isotopes to trace Tibetan chicken from the different area of Tibet. When four stable isotope ratios were combined, we can distinguish them.

2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(4): 278-83, 2021 Apr 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931991

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of Pirt (a regulator of TRPV1) in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1, a molecular sensor of noxious heat and capsaicin) in the colonic mucosa in rats suffering from diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying alleviation of visceral hypersensitivity of IBS-D. METHODS: Forty SD rats (half male and half female) were randomly assigned to control, model, EA, and medication groups by lottery, with 10 rats in each group. The IBS-D model was established by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and gavage of senna soaking fluid. Rats in the EA group received EA (2 Hz/15 Hz,0.1-1 mA) stimulation of unilateral "Tianshu"(ST25), "Zusanli" (ST36), "Sanyinjiao"(SP6) and "Taichong"(LR3) for 15 min once a day for 14 days, and rats of the medication group received intragastric administration of pinave-rium bromide (10 mL/kg, 2.7 mg/mL) once daily for 14 days. The visceral pain threshold (VPT) was measured by using abdominal wall withdrawal reflex (AWR) test. The diarrhea index (loose stool rate [total number of loose stool/total number of defecation] X mean loose degree [0-4 grades according to the filter paper stain diameter] in 6 h/d) was used to assess the severity of diarrhea. The expression of Pirt in the DRG and TRPV1 in the colonic mucosa tissue was detected using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: After modeling, the VPT was obviously reduced (P<0.01), while the diarrhea index, mean optical density of Pirt and TRPV1 were remarkably increased in the model group relevant to the control group (P<0.01). After the interventions, the VPT was obviously increased while the diarrhea index, and the mean optical density of Pirt and TRPV1 was noticeably decreased in both EA and the medicine groups in contrast to the model group (P<0.01). No significant differences were found between the EA and medicine groups in up-regulating VPT and down-regulating the diarrhea index, and Pirt and TRPV1 expression (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA can effectively alleviate visceral hypersensitivity in IBS-D rats, which may be related to its effect in down-regulating the expression level of DRG Pirt and colonic TRPV1.


Asunto(s)
Electroacupuntura , Síndrome del Colon Irritable , Puntos de Acupuntura , Animales , Diarrea/genética , Diarrea/terapia , Femenino , Síndrome del Colon Irritable/genética , Síndrome del Colon Irritable/terapia , Masculino , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Canales Catiónicos TRPV/genética
3.
Cancer Sci ; 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932069

RESUMEN

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from aberrant tumor metabolism could contribute to tumor invasion and metastasis. NAD(P)HX Epimerase (NAXE), an epimerase that allows the repair of damaged forms of antioxidant NADPH, is a potential cellular ROS scavenger and its role in tumor development is still elusive. Here, we found that NAXE is significantly downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cell lines. NAXE downregulation is associated with poor clinicopathological characteristics and is an independent risk factor for overall and disease-free survival of HCC patients after liver resection. In addition, low NAXE expression could identify worse prognosis of HCC patients before vascular invasion or in early stages of disease. In particularly, low NAXE expression in HCC is markedly associated with microvascular invasion (MVI) and its combination with MVI predicts poorer prognosis of HCC patients after liver resection. Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo experiments both showed that knockdown of NAXE expression in HCC cells promoted migration, invasion, and metastasis by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), whereas NAXE overexpression causes the opposite effects. Mechanistically, low NAXE expression reduced NADPH levels and further caused ROS level increase and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) activation, thereby promoting invasion and metastasis of HCC by facilitating EMT. What is more, the tumor-promoting effect of NAXE knockdown in HCC xenograft can be abolished by giving mice N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) in drinking water. Taken together, our findings uncovered a tumor suppressor role for NAXE in HCC by scavenging excessive ROS and inhibiting tumor-promoting signaling pathways, suggesting a new strategy for HCC therapy by targeting redox signaling.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 May 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945276

RESUMEN

Materials that demonstrate a multichannel controllable color change in response to external stimuli are fascinating for their potential applications in sensoring and displaying devices. Herein we report a FeII spin-crossover (SCO) compound that exhibits both solvatochromism and thermochromism under an ambient environment. This Hofmann-type compound possesses two different pores where the solvent guests can be removed in a two-step process. Because the loss of solvent guests modifies the spin state of magnetic centers, an unusual yellow-red-yellow two-step color change of crystals was detected. Moreover, because of the strong cooperativity of the spin centers, a dramatic red-to-yellow color change of crystals in response to a minute thermal perturbation around 303 K is triggered by an abrupt spin transition of the metal centers. The multichannel controllable dramatic color change demonstrated in the present compound highlights the sensoring and displaying roles of SCO materials.

5.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2021 May 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950871

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There have been few real-life dose-comparing studies on the efficacy and safety of secukinumab in Chinese patients with plaque psoriasis. We conducted a real-life cohort study to investigate the efficacy and safety of secukinumab 150 and 300 mg in Chinese patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. METHODS: A total of 106 patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis were included in this study. Patients received either secukinumab 150 mg or secukinumab 300 mg according to patients' weights and severity of psoriasis. The treatment continued for at least 24 weeks. The efficacy was evaluated by improvement in the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) scores. The safety was also analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients (55.7%) were treated with secukinumab 300 mg and 47 patients (44.3%) were treated with secukinumab 150 mg. After 12-week treatment, PASI75/90/100 responses were achieved in 100%, 97.8%, and 95.7% of patients, respectively, in secukinumab 150 mg group, and the efficacy was maintained to week 24. In secukinumab 300 mg group, PASI75/90/100 responses were achieved in 93.2%, 81.4%, and 76.3% of patients, respectively, at week 12. In this group, PASI75/90/100 responses reached 91.5%, 86.4%, and 79.9%, respectively, at week 24. Biologic-experienced patients had lower responses than biologic-naïve patients. Secukinumab 150 and 300 mg were well tolerated. Five patients discontinued treatment due to poor response, adverse event, or economic reasons. CONCLUSIONS: This real-life study demonstrated that high PASI 90 and PASI 100 responses were achieved in Chinese psoriasis patients receiving secukinumab 150 or 300 mg. Biologic-naïve was associated with better clinical efficacy.

6.
Neuroimmunomodulation ; : 1-10, 2021 May 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951651

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The major event in the development of diabetes-related blindness and vision impairment is the onset of retinal cell damage. Overall awareness of insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF2) mechanisms emphasizes its protective behavior in retinal cells that help to provide new information about the development of treatment for retinal complications. OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes the effect of in vitro changes associated with the cell survival and rescue mechanism in IGF2 inhibition and activation using chromeceptin and IGF2 peptides in ARPE-19 cells cultured in high glucose conditions. METHOD: Cell death was induced using high glucose (15 mmol/L), IGF2 inhibition was done using chromeceptin (1 µM) (Sigma Aldrich, Saint Louis, MO, USA), and IGF2 activation was done using IGF2 peptide (10 ng/mL). The cells were analyzed for changes in cell proliferation, apoptosis markers, antioxidant molecules, and alteration of cytokines. RESULTS: The study demonstrated that cells lacking IGF2 exhibited a significant increase in reactive oxygen levels with apoptosis patterns. Also, gene expression analysis by qRT-PCR demonstrated a significant increase in Yes-associated protein 1, CDK2, TNF-α, and BIRC5 genes in cells under high glucose stress and IGF inhibition compared to control. Further, the cytokine analysis also revealed that cells devoid of IGF2 activated an increase in cytokines such as IL-8, CX43, ICAM-1, IL-17, CCL3, and MCP-1 and decreased paraoxonase compared to normal control cells. On the other hand, ARPE-19 cells grown in high glucose shows that IGF2 increases the survival genes with reduced levels of inflammatory cytokines. CONCLUSION: The finding of the investigation, therefore, shows that the use of IGF2 activators may prevent the progression of ocular dysfunction in the control of diabetes-related complications.

7.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955636

RESUMEN

Delphinidin is an anthocyanin that belongs to the group of flavonoids that exert numerous biological activities. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the anticancer effects of delphinidin remain poorly understood. In our study we analyzed delphinidin modulate STAT-3 and MAPKinase signaling thereby inhbits cell proliferation and promote apoptosis. Our study demonstrated that delphinidin treatment significantly reduced the viability of human colon cancer HCT116 in a concentration-dependent manner. We noticed that delphinidin effectively induced oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis by generating intracellular ROS, decreasing antioxidant levels, inducing lipid peroxidation, and single-strand break on colon cancer cells. In this study, we observed that delphinidin treatment alters the mitochondrial membrane potential, thereby induces apoptosis was closely associated with the induction of pro-apoptotic Bax, Caspase- 3,8 & 9, cytochrome C, and inhibition of anti-apoptotic protein expression. Studies on STAT-3 and MAPKinase signaling showed delphinidin inhibited the phosphorylation of these transcription factors' activity. Inhibition of STAT-3, p38, and ERK1/2 phosphorylation and modulation pro-apoptotic protein expression might be responsible for the anticancer activity of delphinidin in colon cancer cells.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2563, 2021 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963185

RESUMEN

Non-random gene organization in eukaryotes plays a significant role in genome evolution. Here, we investigate the origin of a biosynthetic gene cluster for production of defence compounds in oat-the avenacin cluster. We elucidate the structure and organisation of this 12-gene cluster, characterise the last two missing pathway steps, and reconstitute the entire pathway in tobacco by transient expression. We show that the cluster has formed de novo since the divergence of oats in a subtelomeric region of the genome that lacks homology with other grasses, and that gene order is approximately colinear with the biosynthetic pathway. We speculate that the positioning of the late pathway genes furthest away from the telomere may mitigate against a 'self-poisoning' scenario in which toxic intermediates accumulate as a result of telomeric gene deletions. Our investigations reveal a striking example of adaptive evolution underpinned by remarkable genome plasticity.

9.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 138, 2021 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964976

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Several studies suggested that thrombotic and obstetric antiphospholipid syndromes could be independent identities, but few have systematically compared their clinical characteristics and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify key differences between thrombotic APS (tAPS) and obstetric APS (oAPS). METHODS: This single-center, prospective study included consecutive patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) receiving treatment at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital during a period from 2013 to 2020. RESULTS: Screening of the database yielded a total of 244 women with positive antiphospholipid antibody (aPL). Among the 105 women with primary APS, 39 (37.14%) had isolated tAPS (ItAPS), 44 (41.90%) had isolated oAPS (IoAPS), and 9 (8.57%) had both tAPS and tAPS+oAPS. In comparison to those with IoAPS, patients with ItAPS had older age (41.92 ± 11.97 vs. 33.16 ± 4.22 years, P < 0.01), higher rate of cardiovascular risk (at least one positive of coronary heart disease, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia) (41.03% vs. 6.82%, P < 0.01), and higher frequency of thrombocytopenia (43.59% vs. 20.45%, P < 0.05). Antibody profiles were generally similar among the groups, but isolated anti-ß2GPI positivity was more common in patients with IoAPS (52.27% vs. 17.94% for ItAPS, P = 0.01). Triple aPL positivity was more common in patients with both tAPS and oAPS (66.67% vs. 46.15% for ItAPS vs. 25% for IoAPS, P = 0.022). Blood homocysteine was higher in patients with ItAPS (11.20 vs. 9.90 µmol/L for IoAPS, P < 0.05), but there were no differences in inflammatory markers or complements. Recurrence rate of thrombosis was higher in patients with ItAPS (33.33% vs. 2.27% for IoAPS, P ≤ 0.001) with a mean follow-up of 61 months. CONCLUSION: Despite generally similar antibody and biochemical profiles, patients with ItAPS had much higher risk of recurrent thrombosis than IoAPS, supporting distinct mechanisms of pathogenesis.

10.
Nurs Open ; 2021 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960736

RESUMEN

AIM: To investigate the influencing factors in professional identity of undergraduate nursing students after the outbreak of COVID-19. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The study covered 2,999 nursing students in six undergraduate nursing schools. Several self-report questionnaires were used to collect the general information, psychological stress, coping styles and professional identity of the undergraduate nursing students. RESULTS: The overall average score of the professional identity of nursing students (3.67 ± 0.51) has increased significantly after the outbreak of COVID-19. The professional identity of the undergraduate nursing students was negatively correlated with psychological stress (r = -0.23, p < .001), expectation (r = -0.12, p < .001) and avoidance (r = -0.16, p < .001), but was positively correlated with solving problems (r = 0.18, p < .001) and seeking support (r = 0.12, p < .001). Academic performance, positions, grades, reasons for choosing a nursing profession, parents or relatives engaged in nursing work and the risk degree of residence were the factors influencing the professional identity score of undergraduate nursing students' (p < .001).

11.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 599: 443-452, 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962205

RESUMEN

Rational design of electrode with hierarchical charge-transfer structure and good electronic conductivity is important to achieve high specific capacitance and energy density for supercapacitor, but it still remains a challenge. Herein, a nitrogen, sulfur co-doped pollen-derived carbon/graphene (PCG) composite with interconnected "sphere-in-layer" structure was fabricated, in which hierarchically pollen-derived carbon microspheres can serve as "porous spacers" to prevent the agglomeration of graphene nanosheets. The optimized PCG composite prepared with 0.5 wt% of graphene oxide (PCG-0.5) exhibited high specific capacitance (420Fg-1 at 1Ag-1), rate performance (280Fg-1 at 20Ag-1), and excellent cycling stability with 94% of capacitance retention after 10,000 cycles. The symmetrical device delivered a remarkable energy density of 31.3Whkg-1 in neutral medium. Moreover, density functional theory calculation revealed that PCG electrode possessed the accelerated charge transfer and enhanced electronic conductivity, thus ensuring a remarkable electrochemical performance. This work may afford an effective strategy for the development of biomass-derived carbon electrodes with novel charge-transfer structure toward supercapacitor applications.

12.
Global Health ; 17(1): 54, 2021 05 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962651

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is closely associated with physical and mental health problems; however, little is known about the severity of stigma caused by COVID-19 among its survivors. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare differences in stigma experiences of COVID-19 survivors versus healthy controls after the COVID-19 outbreak peak in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 154 COVID-19 survivors and 194 healthy controls recruited through consecutive and convenience sampling methods, respectively. COVID-19 related stigma was measured by the Social Impact Scale (SIS). Stigma differences between the two groups were compared with analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and a generalized linear model (GLM) was used to identify independent correlates of COVID-19-related stigma in this study. RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, COVID-19 survivors reported more overall stigma (F(1,347) = 60.82, p < 0.001), and stigma in domains of social rejection (F(1,347) = 56.54, p < 0.001), financial insecurity (F(1,347) = 19.96, p < 0.001), internalized shame (F(1,347) = 71.40, p < 0.001) and social isolation (F(1,347) = 34.73, p < 0.001). Status as a COVID-19 survivor, having family members infected with COVID-19, being married, economic loss during the COVID-19 pandemic, and depressive symptoms were positively associated with higher overall stigma levels (all p values < 0.05). CONCLUSION: COVID-19-related stigma is commonly experienced among COVID-19 survivors even though the outbreak has been well-contained in China. Routine assessment of stigma experiences should be conducted on COVID-19 survivors and appropriate psychological assistance, public education, and anti-stigma campaigns and policies should be enforced to reduce stigma within this vulnerable subpopulation.

13.
Environ Pollut ; 285: 117258, 2021 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964555

RESUMEN

Research on the relationship between short-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and urinary metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is sparse in the nonoccupationally exposed populations. A quasi-experimental observation of haze events nested within a randomized crossover trial of alternative 1-week real or sham indoor air filtration was conducted to evaluate the associations of urinary monohydroxy-PAHs (OH-PAHs) with short-term exposure to PM2.5 and PM2.5-bound PAHs. The study was conducted among 57 healthy college students in Beijing, China. PM2.5-bound PAHs and urinary OH-PAHs were quantified using gas chromatography coupled with a triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer. Linear mixed-effect models were applied to evaluate the association of urinary OH-PAHs with time-weighted personal PM2.5 and PM2.5-bound PAHs, controlling for potentially confounding variables. The results demonstrated that air filtration could markedly reduce external exposure to PM2.5 and PM2.5-bound parent, nitrated, and oxygenated PAHs. In the intervention trial, the urinary concentrations of 2-hydroxyfluorene (2-OH-FLU) and 9-hydroxyphenanthrene (9-OH-PHE) were elevated significantly by 16.5% (95% CI, 2.1%, 33.1%) and 37.9% (95% CI, 8.4%, 75.4%), respectively, in association with a doubling increase in personal PM2.5 exposure. Urinary 9-OH-PHE was also significantly positively associated with the increase in the sum of PM2.5-bound parent PAHs. Furthermore, the levels of urinary OH-PAHs such as 2-OH-FLU and 9-OH-PHE in the haze events were elevated by 31.1% (95% CI, 8.7%, 53.4%) and 73.5% (95% CI, 16.0%, 131.0%), respectively, in association with a doubling increase in personal PM2.5 exposure. The findings indicated that urinary 2-OH-FLU and 9-OH-PHE could serve as potential internal exposure biomarkers for assessing short-term PM2.5 exposure in nonoccupational populations.

15.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 668430, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937105

RESUMEN

As a potential antibacterial agent, endolysin can directly lyse Gram-positive bacteria from the outside and does not lead to drug resistance. Considering that XN108 is the first reported methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain in mainland China with a vancomycin MIC that exceeds 8 µg mL-1, we conducted a systematic study on its phage-encoded endolysin LysP108. Standard plate counting method revealed that LysP108 could lyse S. aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with damaged outer membrane, resulting in a significant reduction in the number of live bacteria. Scanning electron microscopy results showed that S. aureus cells could be lysed directly from the outside by LysP108. Live/dead bacteria staining results indicated that LysP108 possessed strong bactericidal ability, with an anti-bacterial rate of approximately 90%. Crystal violet staining results implied that LysP108 could also inhibit and destroy bacterial biofilms. In vivo animal experiments suggested that the area of subcutaneous abscess of mice infected with MRSA was significantly reduced after the combined injection of LysP108 and vancomycin in comparison with monotherapy. The synergistic antibacterial effects of LysP108 and vancomycin were confirmed. Therefore, the present data strongly support the idea that endolysin LysP108 exhibits promising antibacterial potential to be used as a candidate for the treatment of infections caused by MRSA.

16.
Cancer Med ; 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932125

RESUMEN

Metastasis to regional lymph nodes or distal organs predicts the progression of the disease and poor prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Previous studies demonstrated that BTB and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) participates in various types of tumor metastasis. However, the function of BACH1 in ESCC was rarely reported. The present study demonstrated that BACH1 protein was overexpressed in ESCC tissues compared with paired esophageal epithelial tissues according to immunohistochemical staining (IHC). Higher levels of BACH1 mRNA were associated with decreased overall survival (OS) and shorter disease-free survival (DFS) of ESCC patients based on an analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets. BACH1 significantly enhanced the migration and invasion of ESCC in vitro. Mechanistically, BACH1 promoted the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by directly activating the transcription of CDH2, SNAI2, and VIM, as determined by chromatin immunoprecipitation-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (ChIP-qPCR). BACH1 overexpression significantly enhanced CDH2 promoter activity according to the results of a luciferase assay. The results of subsequent experiments indicated that BACH1 enhanced the growth of tumor xenografts. The density of CD31+ blood vessels and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGFC) in tumor xenografts were significantly associated with BACH1 levels according to the results of IHC and immunofluorescence (IF) analyses performed in vivo. Moreover, ChIP-qPCR analysis demonstrated that the transcriptional activity of VEGFC was also upregulated by BACH1. Thus, BACH1 contributes to ESCC metastasis and tumorigenesis by partially facilitating the EMT and angiogenesis, and BACH1 may be a promising therapeutic target or molecular marker in ESCC.

17.
J Fish Biol ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880861

RESUMEN

Oreochromis niloticus RAS-association domain family 4 (rassf4) was specifically expressed in the ovaries. Immunohistochemistry results showed that Rassf4 was located in follicular cells. The methylation percentages of the promoter region (-734/-1012) of rassf4 in the ovaries and testes were 13.28% and 92.85%, respectively. Deleting the fragment of -734 to -1012 sites significantly reduced the basal activity of the rassf4 promoter to 62.33%, which indicated that this region was important for the transcription of the rassf4 gene. This study lays the foundation for further research on the function of fish rassf4.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(8): 11433-11454, 2021 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839696

RESUMEN

Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is an effective method for treating chronic articular cartilage injury and degeneration; however, it requires large numbers of hyaline chondrocytes, and human hyaline chondrocytes often undergo dedifferentiation in vitro. Moreover, although long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate gene expression in many pathological and physiological processes, their role in human hyaline chondrocyte dedifferentiation remains unclear. Here, we examined lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles in human hyaline chondrocyte dedifferentiation using microarray analysis. Among the many lncRNAs and mRNAs that showed differential expression, lncRNA AP001505.9 (ENST00000569966) was significantly downregulated in chondrocytes after dedifferentiation. We next performed gene ontology, pathway, and CNC (coding-non-coding gene co-expression) analyses to investigate potential regulatory mechanisms for AP001505.9. Pellet cultures were then used to redifferentiate dedifferentiated chondrocytes, and AP001505.9 expression was upregulated after redifferentiation. Finally, both in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that AP001505.9 overexpression inhibited dedifferentiation of chondrocytes. This study characterizes lncRNA expression profiles in human hyaline chondrocyte dedifferentiation, thereby identifying new potential mechanisms of chondrocyte dedifferentiation worthy of further investigation.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 598: 1-13, 2021 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887606

RESUMEN

Herein, a series of alpha-Co(OH)2/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) microfilms and film-based nanodevices were developed via a new scalable technique. Due to the unique hexagonal nanoplates of ultrathin alpha-Co(OH)2 and the intrinsically conductive nature of rGO sheets, such thin films not only can improve the conductivity of alpha-Co(OH)2 and prevent the re-stacking of alpha-Co(OH)2 and rGO sheets but also short the transport routes of electrons and ions between the electrode and the electrolyte. The optimized alpha-Co(OH)2/rGO flexible electrode presents high specific capacitance (273.86 mF/cm2 at 0.1 mA/cm2), advanced rate capability, and excellent coulombic efficiency. Simultaneously, in-sandwich symmetric and asymmetric supercapacitors assembled with polyvinyl alcohol-KOH gel as the solid-state electrolyte achieved high areal and volumetric specific capacitances. Furthermore, a self-assembled planar alpha-Co(OH)2/rGO micro-supercapacitor (MSC) delivers high specific area capacitance (130F/cm2 at 0.5 mA/cm2) and excellent energy density (20 mWh/cm3@56 mW/cm3), which are superior to most of the recently reported carbon-based and metal hydroxides/oxides/sulfides-based planar MSCs. Also, our planar MSC shows excellent cycling performance, good flexibility, and mechanical stability. This work promotes the syntheses of other two-dimensional metal hydroxides/rGO composite film for high-performance flexible micro-electronics.

20.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(17): 4321-4329, 2021 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890465

RESUMEN

Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) polysiloxane has attracted growing attention in recent years due to its outstanding biocompatibility. However, polysiloxane usually requires high-energy UV light for excitation and exhibits monochromatic blue emission. Moreover, the experimental selection process of polysiloxane with designed features is time-consuming and laborious. So, in this paper, we developed a new molecular structure selection strategy using theoretical calculations instead of experiments, and a linear disulfide-containing polysiloxane (L1) is selected and synthesized. To our surprise, L1 can be excited by low-energy visible light (Ex = 508 nm and Em = 588 nm) and emit multicolor fluorescence under different excitation wavelengths. A further study of the luminescence mechanism was carried out through calculations about the quantum states of L1. Moreover, L1 shows multiple stimuli-responsiveness, such as redox, pH, metal ions, and solvent. This work provides an integrated route for the molecular design of macromolecular AIE luminogens with attractive fluorescence properties.

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