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2.
Curr Oncol ; 28(2): 1325-1337, 2021 Mar 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806839

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Our study measured the body composition of Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients receiving rituximab with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen by computed tomographic (CT) and assessed their correlation with treatment-related toxicity and other adverse outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 201 DLBCL patients who underwent pre-treatment abdominal CT examination. CT images were used to assess body composition metrics at the third lumbar vertebrae including fat tissues and muscle. Based on the skeletal muscle area (SMA) and density (SMD), skeletal muscle index (SMI), skeletal muscle gauge (SMG = SMI × SMD) and lean body mass (LBM) were calculated. Also analyzed were the toxicity, adverse events and survival. RESULTS: We found that SMG, SMD, SMI and LBM were correlated with any grade 3-4 toxicity, dose reduction, hospitalization or termination of the treatment due to immunochemotherapy and worse survival. However, multivariate analysis demonstrated SMG [progression-free survival (PFS): hazard ratio (HR), 2.889; 95% CI, 1.401-5.959; p = 0.004; overall survival (OS): HR, 2.655; 95% CI, 1.218-5.787; p = 0.014] was the best predictor of poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: SMG, SMD, SMI and LBM were identified as predictors of adverse reactions and poor survival. SMG was an innovative and valuable indicator of immunochemotherapy toxicity and other adverse outcomes. Additionally, it can be used to individualize antineoplastic drug dosing.

3.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808686

RESUMEN

The incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disorders (IBD) are increasing around the world due to bacterial infection, abnormal immune response, etc. The conventional medicines for IBD treatment possess serious side effects. Periplaneta americana (P. americana), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to treat arthritis, fever, aches, inflammation, and other diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of oligosaccharides from P. Americana (OPA) and its possible mechanisms in vivo. OPA were purified and biochemical characterization was analyzed by HPGPC, HPLC, FT-IR, and GC-MS. Acute colitis mice model was established, the acute toxicity and anti-inflammatory activity were tested in vivo. The results showed OPA with molecular mass of 1.0 kDa were composed of 83% glucose, 6% galactose, 11% xylose, and the backbone was (1→4)-Glcp. OPA had potent antioxidant activities in vitro and significantly alleviated the clinical symptoms of colitis, relieved colon damage without toxic side effects in vivo. OPA exhibited anti-inflammatory activity by regulating Th1/Th2, reducing oxidative stress, preserving intestinal barrier integrity, and inhibiting TLR4/MAPK/NF-κB pathway. Moreover, OPA protected gut by increasing microbial diversity and beneficial bacteria, and reducing pathogenic bacteria in feces. OPA might be the candidate of complementary and alternative medicines of IBD with low-cost and high safety.

4.
Mar Drugs ; 19(4)2021 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810590

RESUMEN

Two new polyketide natural products, globosuxanthone F (1), and 2'-hydroxy bisdechlorogeodin (2), were isolated from the fungus Pleosporales sp. NBUF144, which was derived from a 62 m deep Chalinidae family sponge together with four known metabolites, 3,4-dihydroglobosuxanthone A (3), 8-hydroxy-3-methylxanthone-1-carboxylate (4), crosphaeropsone C (5), and 4-megastigmen-3,9-dione (6). The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectra (HRESIMS) data. The absolute configuration of 1 was further established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Compounds 1-5 were evaluated for cytotoxicity towards CCRF-CEM human acute lymphatic leukemia cells, and it was found that 1 had an IC50 value of 0.46 µM.

5.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 2021 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33817981

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate dosimetric properties of intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) for simulated treatment planning in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) targeting left atrial-pulmonary vein junction (LA-PVJ), in comparison with volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and helical tomotherapy (TOMO). METHODS: Ten thoracic 4D-CT scans with respiratory motion and one with cardiac motion were used for the study. Ten respiratory 4D-CTs were planned with VMAT, TOMO, and IMPT for simulated AF. Targets at the LA-PVJ were defined as wide-area circumferential ablation line. A single fraction of 25 Gy was prescribed to all plans. The interplay effects from cardiac motion were evaluated based on the cardiac 4D-CT scan. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of the ITV and normal tissues were compared. Statistical analysis was evaluated via one-way Repeated-Measures ANOVA and Friedman's test with Bonferroni's multiple comparisons test. RESULTS: The median volume of ITV was 8.72cc. All plans had adequate target coverage (V23.75Gy  ≥ 99%). Compared with VMAT and TOMO, IMPT resulted in significantly lower dose of most normal tissues. For VMAT, TOMO, and IMPT plans, Dmean of the whole heart was 5.52 ± 0.90 Gy, 5.89 ± 0.78 Gy, and 3.01 ± 0.57 Gy (P < 0.001), mean dose of pericardium was 4.74 ± 0.76 Gy, 4.98 ± 0.62 Gy, and 2.59 ± 0.44 Gy (P < 0.001), and D0.03cc of left circumflex artery (LCX) was 13.96 ± 5.45 Gy, 14.34 ± 5.91 Gy, and 8.43 ± 7.24 Gy (P < 0.001), respectively. However, no significant advantage for one technique over the others was observed when examining the D0.03cc of esophagus and main bronchi. CONCLUSIONS: IMPT targeting LA-PVJ for patients with AF has high potential to reduce dose to surrounding tissues compared to VMAT or TOMO. Motion mitigation techniques are critical for a particle-therapy approach.

6.
Pharm Res ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796952

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To address the issue of local drug delivery in tumor treatment, a novel nanoparticle-hydrogel superstructure, namely semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (semi-IPNs) hydrogel composed of poly (ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) and hyaluronic acid (HA) and incorporated with paclitaxel (PTX) loaded PLGA nanoparticles (PEGDA-HA/PLGA-PTX), was prepared by in situ UV photopolymerization for the use of local drug delivery. METHODS: Using the gelation time, swelling rate and degradation rate as indicators, the optimal proportion of Irgacure 2959 initiator and the concentration of HA was screened and obtained for preparing hydrogels. Next, paclitaxel (PTX) loaded PLGA nanoparticles (PLGA-PTX NPs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method. RESULTS: The mass ratio of the initiator was 1%, and the best concentration of HA was 5 mg/mL in PEGDA-HA hydrogel. In vitro experiments showed that PLGA-PTX NPs had similar cytotoxicity to free PTX, and the cell uptake ratio on NCI-H460 cells was up to 96% by laser confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The drug release of the PEGDA-HA/PLGA-PTX hydrogel local drug delivery system could last for 13 days. In vivo experiments proved that PEGDAHA/PLGA-PTX hydrogel could effectively inhibit the tumor growth without causing toxic effects in mice. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the PEGDA-HA/PLGA-PTX hydrogel is a promising local drug delivery system in future clinical applications for tumor therapy. A photopolymerized semi-interpenetrating polymer networks-based hydrogel incorporated with paclitaxel-loaded nanoparticles was fabricated by in situ UV photopolymerization, providing a promised nanoplatform for local chemotherapy of tumors.

7.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613211009441, 2021 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829883

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Extirpation of multiple head and neck paragangliomas carries challenge due to close anatomic relationships with critical neurovascular bundles. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess whether the application of 3-D models can assist with surgical planning and treatment of these paragangliomas, decrease surgically related morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Fourteen patients undergoing surgical resection of multiple head and neck paragangliomas were enrolled in this study. A preoperative 3-D model was created based on radiologic data, and relevant critical anatomic relationships were preoperatively assessed and intraoperatively validated. RESULTS: All 14 patients presented with multiple head and neck paragangliomas, including bilateral carotid body tumors (CBT, n = 9), concurrent CBT with glomus jugulare tumors (GJT, n = 4), and multiple vagal paragangliomas (n = 1). Ten patients underwent genomic analysis and all harbored succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit D (SDHD) mutations. Under guidance of the 3-D model, the internal carotid artery (ICA) was circumferentially encased by tumor on 5 of the operated sides, in 4 (80%) of which the tumor was successfully dissected out from the ICA, whereas ICA reconstruction was required on one side (20%). Following removal of CBT, anterior rerouting of the facial nerve was avoided in 3 (75%) of 4 patients during the extirpation of GJT with assistance of a 3-D model. Two patients developed permanent postoperative vocal cord paralysis. There was no vessel rupture or mortality in this study cohort. CONCLUSION: The 3-D model is beneficial for establishment of a preoperative strategy, as well as planning and guiding the intraoperative procedure for resection of multiple head and neck paragangliomas.

8.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 22(4): 310-317, 2021 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835765

RESUMEN

Since December 2019, the novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)) has spread to many countries around the world, developing into a global pandemic with increasing numbers of deaths reported worldwide. To data, although some vaccines have been developed, there are no ideal drugs to treat novel coronavirus pneumonia (coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)). By examining the structure of the coronavirus and briefly describing its possible pathogenesis based on recent autopsy reports conducted by various teams worldwide, this review analyzes the possible structural and functional changes of the human body upon infection with SARS-CoV-2. We observed that the most prominent pathological changes in COVID-19 patients are diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) of the lungs and microthrombus formation, resulting in an imbalance of the ventilation/perfusion ratio and respiratory failure. Although direct evidence of viral infection can also be found in other organs and tissues, the viral load is relatively small. The conclusion that the injuries of the extra-pulmonary organs are directly caused by the virus needs further investigation.


Asunto(s)
/patología , Pulmón/patología , /fisiopatología , Cuerpo Humano , Humanos , Evasión Inmune , Pulmón/virología , Carga Viral
9.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 481, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863979

RESUMEN

Gag is the HIV structural precursor protein which is cleaved by viral protease to produce mature infectious viruses. Gag is a polyprotein composed of MA (matrix), CA (capsid), SP1, NC (nucleocapsid), SP2 and p6 domains. SP1, together with the last eight residues of CA, have been hypothesized to form a six-helix bundle responsible for the higher-order multimerization of Gag necessary for HIV particle assembly. However, the structure of the complete six-helix bundle has been elusive. Here, we determined the structures of both Gag in vitro assemblies and Gag viral-like particles (VLPs) to 4.2 Å and 4.5 Å resolutions using cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging by emClarity. A single amino acid mutation (T8I) in SP1 stabilizes the six-helix bundle, allowing to discern the entire CA-SP1 helix connecting to the NC domain. These structures provide a blueprint for future development of small molecule inhibitors that can lock SP1 in a stable helical conformation, interfere with virus maturation, and thus block HIV-1 infection.

10.
Food Res Int ; 140: 110067, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648290

RESUMEN

Arabinoxylan (AX) extracted from wheat bran has attracted much attention due to its immunomodulatory activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this activity remain unclear. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive transcriptional study to investigate genetic changes related to AX and identified 2325 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Gene Ontology classification revealed that the DEGs were mainly enriched in a series of immune-related processes. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis revealed that immune-related pathways were significantly enriched in top 20 pathways, including the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway and the TNF signaling pathway. Validation using quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed dynamic changes in the mRNA levels of immune-related Cd40, Csf1, Csf2, Fas, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-5, Irf1, and Tnfaip3, which were significantly up-regulated in the AX-treated group. Moreover, AX treatment led to the up-regulation of the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and its upstream target proteins such as PDK1, Akt, IκB-α, and GSK-3ß. The dataset compiled from this study provides valuable information for further research on the complex molecular mechanisms associated with AX and the identification of target genes.

11.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644819

RESUMEN

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria that produce 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase can promote plant growth and enhance abiotic stress tolerance. In this study, Burkholderia pyrrocinia strain P10, with an ACC deaminase activity of 33.01-µmol/h/mg protein, was isolated from the tea rhizosphere and identified based on morphological, biochemical, and molecular characteristics. In addition to its ACC deaminase activity at pH 5.0-9.0 and in response to 5% NaCl and 20% polyethylene glycol, strain P10 can also solubilize phosphorus compounds, produce indole-3-acetic acid, and secrete siderophores. Pot experiments revealed that strain P10 can significantly enhance peanut seedling growth under saline conditions (100- and 170-mmol/L NaCl). Specifically, it increased the fresh weight and root length of plants by 90.12% and 79.22%, respectively, compared with high-salt stress. These results provide new insights into the biological characteristics of Burkholderia pyrrocinia, which may be useful as a bio-fertilizer.

12.
ACS Nano ; 15(3): 5011-5022, 2021 03 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706510

RESUMEN

Iatrogenic extrahepatic bile duct injury remains a dreaded complication while performing cholecystectomy. Although X-ray based cholangiography could reduce the incidence of biliary tract injuries, the deficiencies including radiation damage and expertise dependence hamper its further clinical application. The effective strategy for intraoperative cholangiography is still urgently required. Herein, a fluorescence-based imaging approach for cholangiography in the near-infrared IIb window (1500-1700 nm) using TT3-oCB, a bright aggregation-induced emission luminogen with large π-conjugated planar unit, is reported. In phantom studies, TT3-oCB nanoparticles exhibit high near-infrared IIb emission and show better image clarity at varying penetrating depths. When intrabiliary injected into the gallbladder or the common bile duct of the rabbit, TT3-oCB nanoparticles enable the real-time imaging of the biliary structure with deep penetrating capability and high signal-to-background ratio. Moreover, the tiny iatrogenic biliary injuries and the gallstones in established disease models could be precisely diagnosed by TT3-oCB nanoparticle assisted near-infrared IIb imaging. In summary, we reported a feasible application for aggregation-induced emission dots as biliary contrast agent and realized high-quality cholangiography in the near-infrared IIb window with precise diagnostic ability and nonradioactive damage, which could possibly be applied for intraoperative diagnosis.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 138: 111468, 2021 Mar 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740526

RESUMEN

For women of reproductive age, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is not a rare heterogeneous endocrine disorder and metabolic dysfunction. Menstrual problems, hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovary (PCO) and infertility often affect these women, and they are also prone to metabolic syndrome (MS) and insulin resistance (IR). As an isoquinoline alkaloid, Berberine (BBR) is the main effective component of Coptis. BBR, as a multi-target, multi-path plant extract, can interfere with the development of PCOS and relate to pathological process from many aspects, with less adverse reactions. It is mentioned in this review that BBR can alleviate IR, reduce the level of serum androgen, regulate lipid metabolism and moderate chronic inflammation. BBR is often used in combination with metformin, compound cyproterone (CPA) and other drugs, in order to achieve better therapeutic effect on PCOS.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(7): 3634-3645, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724691

RESUMEN

The role of epigenetic regulation in immunity is emerging, especially for RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification. However, little is known about the role of m6A in the regulation of the immune microenvironment of periodontitis. Thus, we aim to investigate the impact of m6A modification in periodontitis immune microenvironment. The RNA modification patterns mediated by 23 m6A-regulators were systematically evaluated in 310 periodontitis samples. The impact of m6A modification on immune microenvironment characteristics was explored, including infiltrating immunocytes, immune reaction gene-sets and HLAs (human leukocyte antigen) gene. m6A phenotype-related immune genes were also identified. 17 m6A regulators were dysregulated and a 15-m6A regulator signature can well distinguish periodontitis and control samples. ALKBH5 and FMR1 are closely related to infiltrating monocyte abundance. ELAVL1 and CBLL1 are significant regulators in immune reaction of TNF_Family_Members_Receptors and Cytokine. The expression of HLA-B and HLA-DOA is affected by ALKBH5 and LRPPRC. 3 distinct RNA modification patterns mediated by 23 m6A regulators were identified. They differ from immunocyte abundance, immune reaction and HLA gene. 1631 m6A phenotype-related genes and 70 m6A-mediated immune genes were identified, and the biological functions of these were explored. Our finding demonstrated the m6A modification plays a crucial role in the diversity and complexity of the immune microenvironment of periodontitis.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 280: 116948, 2021 Mar 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773303

RESUMEN

Plastic pollution has been a growing global issue. Various plastic additives may enter the environment with plastic debris, which could also become contaminants. Lifetime bioaccumulation, gender difference, tissue distribution, and parental transfer potential of commonly applied organophosphorus plastic additives (OPPAs) were investigated in wildlife fish of the Pearl River system, China. The OPPAs were widely detected in 7 consumable fish species. Tris (2-chloropropyl) phosphate was the predominant compound, with a median concentration of 18.8 ng/g lipid weight. The total OPPA concentrations (ΣOPPAs) were higher in the livers and swimming bladders, suggesting important roles of lipophilicity on the OPPAs accumulation in the fish. Besides, the livers were more abundant in the non-chlorinated OPPAs relative to the other tissues, indicating potentially stronger metabolism of the chlorinated OPPAs in the livers. Redbelly tilapia contained obviously lower ΣOPPAs than the other species. On the other hand, proportions of the chlorinated OPPAs were obviously lower in barbel chub and Guangdong black bream. For an individual species, higher ΣOPPAs were usually detected in the female than in the male fish. Furthermore, the females contained higher proportions of the non-chlorinated OPPAs. These results suggested potentially more accumulation of the OPPAs, particularly the non-chlorinated OPPAs in the female than in the male fish. Body weight dependence of the OPPAs accumulation showed varied patterns depending on species, tissue, and compound. Species-specific characteristics affected by both ecology and organisms' physiology should be considered in combination in assessing bioaccumulation of the OPPAs. The OPPAs were slightly bioaccumulative with LogBAFs of 1.2-3.3. The OPPAs did not show obvious inclination to be partitioned to biota from sediment. Omnipresence of the OPPAs in both egg/ovary and testis of the fish suggested potential transgenerational transfer of these chemicals, which can be a serious ecological issue and warrants further research.

16.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 30(1): 174-183, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787053

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Observational studies play a vital role in nutrition journals, but no studies have assessed the reporting quality of observational studies after the publication of the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)-nutritional epidemiology (STROBE-nut) statement in 2016. This study assessed the reporting quality of observational studies published in high-impact-factor nutrition journals by using the STROBE-nut statement and explored factors affecting the reporting quality. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: All observational studies published in those journals were retrieved using the PubMed database from inception to May 1, 2019. The reporting quality of the included articles was assessed as per the STROBE-nut statement checklist. Compliance with each item of the statement and the total STROBE-nut score were calculated. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify potential factors associated with reporting quality. RESULTS: Of the 964 observational studies identified, a random sample of 200 articles was considered for analysis. The median compliance with items was 74.0%. Seven items (12.07%) were reported in <10.0% of articles, with STROBE 10 (3.00%), nut-12.2 (2.50%), and nut-14 (2.00%) having the lowest reporting rates. The mean STROBE-nut score was 40.35, which was suboptimal. STROBE-nut scores were higher for cohort studies (p=0.04) and when statisticians or epidemiologists were involved in the study (p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Observational studies published in nutrition journals were found to have suboptimal reporting quality. Nutrition journals should endorse the STROBEnut statement checklist for observational studies to improve reporting quality and provide readers with reliable evidence.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 414: 125357, 2021 Feb 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662791

RESUMEN

A new resourcezation way has been proposed to address the treatment challenges of the light phenolic distillation residue (LPDR) from the coal-based phenolic distillation residue. Herein, the LPDR, which was collected at 20 kPa and 220 °C from the phenolic distillation residue, has been further used to synthesize the phenolic resin (named as RPF) for MgO-C refractories. It is found that the conversion efficiency of crude phenol mixture to RPF is 71.3%, which is lower than that of pure phenol. To increase the conversion efficiency and improve the properties of RPF, the crude phenolic mixture was blended with pure phenol for the synthesis. The optimal addition mass ratio of phenol in the crude phenol mixture (phenol/total phenolic compounds) is determined to be 0.8, where the obtained RPF could satisfy or even better than the national standard. Further addition of 10 wt% of urotropine (HMTA) as curing agent and 9 wt% of ferrocene (Fc) as modifier (named as MRPF) are found to significantly improve the graphitization of RPF. Under these conditions, the DTG at temperature of maximum mass lose rate (Tmax) of MRPF was lower than that of commercial resin. The graphitization level was as high as 61.6% with the residual carbon rate up to 41.4%, which are higher than those of national standard. These findings provide insights for the resourcezation of the phenolic distillation residue.

18.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 113, 2021 03 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686064

RESUMEN

The adaptive immunity that protects patients from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is not well characterized. In particular, the asymptomatic patients have been found to induce weak and transient SARS-CoV-2 antibody responses, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown; meanwhile, the protective immunity that guide the recovery of these asymptomatic patients is elusive. Here, we characterized SARS-CoV-2-specific B-cell and T-cell responses in 10 asymptomatic patients and 64 patients with other disease severity (mild, n = 10, moderate, n = 32, severe, n = 12) and found that asymptomatic or mild symptomatic patients failed to mount virus-specific germinal center (GC) B cell responses that result in robust and prolonged humoral immunity, assessed by GC response indicators including follicular helper T (TFH) cell and memory B cell responses as well as serum CXCL13 levels. Alternatively, these patients mounted potent virus-specific TH1 and CD8+ T cell responses. In sharp contrast, patients of moderate or severe disease induced vigorous virus-specific GC B cell responses and associated TFH responses; however, the virus-specific TH1 and CD8+ T cells were minimally induced in these patients. These results, therefore, uncovered the protective immunity in asymptomatic patients and also revealed the strikingly dichotomous and incomplete humoral and cellular immune responses in COVID-19 patients with different disease severity, providing important insights into rational design of effective COVID-19 vaccines.


Asunto(s)
Inmunidad Adaptativa , Linfocitos B/inmunología , Linfocitos T CD8-positivos/inmunología , /inmunología , Células TH1/inmunología , Adulto , Linfocitos B/patología , Linfocitos T CD8-positivos/patología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Células TH1/patología
19.
Chemosphere ; 271: 129740, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33736212

RESUMEN

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been well acknowledged for its endocrine disruption and associated metabolic diseases, leading to the search for safer industrial alternatives including di-isononyl phthalate (DINP). However, safety data for the latter chemical has been relatively scarce particularly regarding potential damage to the kidney at low doses. Five-week-old ICR male mice were exposed to vehicle, DEHP or DINP (0.05 and 4.8 mg/kg bw) daily via gavage for 5 weeks. We observed increased levels of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde, decreased levels of reduced glutathione, in the kidney at higher dose for both chemicals suggestive of oxidative damage. Elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 of the kidney further suggested inflammatory status as a result of phthalate exposure in both high dose groups. Targeted lipidomics demonstrated greatest changes in the kidney induced by high dose of DEHP, although DINP also induced significant changes in phospholipids diacylglycerides that are associated with lipid accumulation in glomerular podocytes and inflammatory responses. Our data suggest that oxidative stress may be involved in both DEHP- and DINP-induced renal lipidomic disruption and continue to question the suitability of DINP as proper DEHP substitute.


Asunto(s)
Dietilhexil Ftalato , Ácidos Ftálicos , Animales , Dietilhexil Ftalato/toxicidad , Riñón , Lipidómica , Masculino , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos ICR , Estrés Oxidativo , Ácidos Ftálicos/toxicidad
20.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2021: 6639600, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33748033

RESUMEN

Purpose: To describe liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS) version 2018 and other MRI imaging features in intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) in Chinese adults with vs. without chronic hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 89 patients with pathologically proven iCCA after multiphase imaging performed between 2004 and 2017 at a tertiary medical center in southern China. Based on whether patients had chronic HBV, iCCA was divided into two subgroups: HBV-positive (n = 50 patients, including 9 with cirrhosis) vs. HBV-negative (n = 39 patients, including 14 with hepatolithiasis and 25 with no identifiable risk factor for iCCA; none had cirrhosis). Two independent abdominal radiologists in consensus reviewed the largest mass in each patient to assign LI-RADS v2018 features; they also scored each observation's shape and location. Imaging features were compared using chi-square or Fisher's exact tests. Results: Most iCCAs in HBV-positive (88% (44/50)) and HBV-negative (97% (38/39)) patients had at least one LR-M feature. Compared to iCCAs in HBV-negative patients, iCCAs in HBV-positive patients were more likely to have at least one major feature of HCC (46% (23/50) vs. 8% (3/39), P < 0.001) and more likely to be smooth (42% (21/50) vs. 10% (4/39), P = 0.001). Six of 50 (12%) iCCAs in HBV-positive patients and 1/39 (3%) iCCAs in HBV-negative patients had at least one major feature of HCC without any LR-M feature. Conclusions: In this retrospective single-center study in Chinese adults, iCCAs in HBV-positive patients were more likely to resemble HCCs than iCCAs in HBV-negative patients.

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