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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939427

RESUMEN

The rapid development in synthesis methodology and applications for covalent organic frameworks (COFs) has been witnessed in recent years. However, the synthesis of highly stable functional COFs still remains a great challenge. Herein two-dimensional polyimide-linked phthalocyanine COFs (denoted as CoPc-PI-COF-1 and CoPc-PI-COF-2) have been devised and prepared through the solvothermal reaction of the tetraanhydrides of 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octacarboxyphthalocyaninato cobalt(II) with 1,4-phenylenediamine and 4,4'-biphenyldiamine, respectively. The resultant CoPc-PI-COFs with a four-connected sql net exhibit AA stacking configurations according to powder X-ray diffraction studies, showing permanent porosity, thermal stability above 300 °C, and excellent resistance to a 12 M HCl aqueous solution for 20 days. Current-voltage curves reveal the conductivity of CoPc-PI-COF-1 and CoPc-PI-COF-2 with the value of 3.7 × 10-3 and 1.6 × 10-3 S m-1, respectively. Due to the same Co(II) electroactive sites together with similar permanent porosity and CO2 adsorption capacity for CoPc-PI-COFs, the cathodes made up of COFs and carbon black display a similar CO2-to-CO Faradaic efficiency of 87-97% at applied potentials between -0.60 and -0.90 V (vs RHE) in 0.5 M KHCO3 solution. However, in comparison with the CoPc-PI-COF-2&carbon black electrode, the CoPc-PI-COF-1 counterpart provides a larger current density (jCO) of -21.2 mA cm-2 at -0.90 V associated with its higher conductivity. This cathode also has a high turnover number and turnover frequency, amounting to 277 000 and 2.2 s-1 at -0.70 V during 40 h of measurement. The present result clearly discloses the great potential of 2D porous crystalline solids in electrocatalysis.

2.
BMC Emerg Med ; 21(1): 58, 2021 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941097

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Highly empiric use of carbapenem in pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is widespread problem. However, few studies have examined the association between blood culture and carbapenem use in patients with PLA in China. Thus, we conducted this observational study. METHODS: The data of patients diagnosed with PLA at two comprehensive tertiary care centers from 2014 to 2020 were retrospectively collected. Demographic and clinical data were analyzed, and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate the association between blood culture and carbapenem use. Subgroup analysis was conducted to explore whether the effect is different in sepsis. RESULTS: Blood culture was performed in 110 (46.0%) patients, of whom 44 (40.0%) patients had positive results for bacterial culture. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive blood culture isolates were detected in 8 (7.3%) patients. The positivity rate of blood culture in sepsis was higher than in non-sepsis (58.1% vs. 32.9%, P = 0.015). Fewer patients who had a blood culture received carbapenem treatment in comparison to patients without blood culture (19.1% vs. 31.8%, P = 0.026). Multivariate analysis showed that blood culture was independently associated with less carbapenem exposure (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.33, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.16-0.68, P = 0.003), and this effect remained significant in the sepsis subgroup (adjusted OR = 0.17, 95% CI: 0.05-0.53, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Blood culture had a high positivity rate and was associated with less carbapenem use in PLA, especially those who developed sepsis. More attention should be paid to performing early blood culture and less carbapenem use in PLA.

3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(4): 284-8, 2021 Apr 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931992

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion and acupuncture on apoptosis in gastric mucosal cell and expression of NF-κB, Bcl-2 in chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) rats, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of CAG. METHODS: Forty-eight male SD rats were randomly divided into normal, model, moxibustion and acupuncture groups, with 12 rats in each group. The CAG model was established by gavage of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (MNNG) solution and irregular diet for 12 weeks. Moxibustion or acupuncture was applied to "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Zhongwan" (CV12) for 15 min, once daily for two weeks in the moxibustion or acupuncture group. The histopathological changes of the gastric mucosa were observed by HE staining. The apoptosis index of gastric mucosa was measured by TUNEL method. The gene expression levels of NF-κB and Bcl-2 were detected by real-time PCR. RESULTS: After modeling, the color of gastric mucosa was pale and dark, with low folds and significant bleeding points. The glands in lamina propria were atrophied, arranged disorderly, and the numbers were significantly reduced, with inflammatory cells infiltrated. Those histopathological changes were evidently milder in the moxibustion and acupuncture groups. Compared with the normal group, the apoptosis index, NF-κB and Bcl-2 gene expression of the model group were significantly increased (P<0.01). After the treatment, the apoptosis index, NF-κB and Bcl-2 gene expression were significantly reduced in the moxibustion and acupuncture groups (P<0.05,P<0.01). The NF-κB expression was lower in the acupuncture group than that of moxibustion group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion and acupuncture therapy can improve the injury of gastric mucosa in CAG rats, which may be associated with its function in down-regulating the expression of NF-κB and Bcl-2 genes in the gastric mucosa.


Asunto(s)
Gastritis Atrófica , Moxibustión , Puntos de Acupuntura , Animales , Apoptosis , Mucosa Gástrica , Gastritis Atrófica/genética , Gastritis Atrófica/terapia , Masculino , FN-kappa B/genética , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
4.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 28(Pt 3): 910-918, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949998

RESUMEN

The Long Short-Term Memory neural network (LSTM) has excellent learning ability for the time series of the nuclear pulse signal. It can accurately estimate the parameters (such as amplitude, time constant, etc.) of the digitally shaped nuclear pulse signal (especially the overlapping pulse signal). However, due to the large number of pulse sequences, the direct use of these sequences as samples to train the LSTM increases the complexity of the network, resulting in a lower training efficiency of the model. The convolution neural network (CNN) can effectively extract the sequence samples by using its unique convolution kernel structure, thus greatly reducing the number of sequence samples. Therefore, the CNN-LSTM deep neural network is used to estimate the parameters of overlapping pulse signals after digital trapezoidal shaping of exponential signals. Firstly, the estimation of the trapezoidal overlapping nuclear pulse is considered to be obtained after the superposition of multiple exponential nuclear pulses followed by trapezoidal shaping. Then, a data set containing multiple samples is set up; each sample is composed of the sequence of sampling values of the trapezoidal overlapping nuclear pulse and the set of shaping parameters of the exponential pulse before digital shaping. Secondly, the CNN is used to extract the abstract features of the training set in these samples, and then these abstract features are applied to the training of the LSTM model. In the training process, the pulse parameter set estimated by the present neural network is calculated by forward propagation. Thirdly, the loss function is used to calculate the loss value between the estimated pulse parameter set and the actual pulse parameter set. Finally, a gradient-based optimization algorithm is applied to update the weight by getting back the loss value together with the gradient of the loss function to the network, so as to realize the purpose of training the network. After model training was completed, the sampled values of the trapezoidal overlapping nuclear pulse were used as input to the CNN-LSTM model to obtain the required parameter set from the output of the CNN-LSTM model. The experimental results show that this method can effectively overcome the shortcomings of local convergence of traditional methods and greatly save the time of model training. At the same time, it can accurately estimate multiple trapezoidal overlapping pulses due to the wide width of the flat top, thus realizing the optimal estimation of nuclear pulse parameters in a global sense, which is a good pulse parameter estimation method.

5.
Talanta ; 230: 122330, 2021 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934787

RESUMEN

Column technology is an important part in capillary electrochromatographic science. Developing novel stationary phase with high separation efficiency and high loading capacity is an essential work. In this work, a novel spherical vinyl-functionalized covalent-organic framework (COF-V) was synthesized at room temperature and firstly employed as stationary phase for CEC-MS analysis. The COF-V based CEC column was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results proved the successful modification of COF-V. The COF-V based column possesses the advantages like strong electroosmotic flow, high separation efficiency and high loading capacity. The CEC column showed powerful separation selectivity to several kinds of compounds, and the highest column efficiency (theoretical plates, N) was over 1.4 × 105 plates·m-1 for methylbenzene. Besides, the COF-V modified column exhibited excellent repeatability and stability. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of retention times for intra-day (n = 5), inter-day (n = 3) runs and column-to-column (n = 3) were all less than 2.1%. Hence, the COF-V modified column was successfully applied in CEC-MS for determination of antiepileptic drug, triazine herbicides and active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine.

6.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2021 Apr 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934998

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) is a life-threatening condition that requires timely referral for therapy. Sarcopenia has been associated with clinical outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study investigated the role of sarcopenia in predicting the clinical course of ASUC. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included ASUC patients with abdominal CT scans. Univariate and multivariable regression analyses were performed to identify a practical predictive index for the clinical course of ASUC. RESULTS: Of 233 included patients, 151 had intravenous corticosteroid (IVS) failure, among whom 32 received surgery without medical rescue therapy. Fifty patients underwent colectomy after medical rescue therapy failure. Of these 82 surgical patients, 42 suffered postoperative complications. Multivariable regression analysis showed that sarcopenia remained an independent risk factor for IVS failure (OR=2.969; 95% CI, 1.547-5.701; p = 0.001), colectomy after medical rescue therapy failure (OR=3.411; 95% CI, 1.147-10.141; p = 0.027), and postoperative complications after colectomy (OR=4.157; 95% CI, 1.364-12.667; p = 0.012). During follow-up, patients with colectomy after first-line treatment had a lower comprehensive complication index and better health-related quality of life. CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia is useful in predicting the clinical course and postoperative outcomes of ASUC.

7.
Crit Care Med ; 2021 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935161

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic and clinical utility of trio-rapid genome sequencing in critically ill infants. DESIGN: In this prospective study, samples from critically ill infants were analyzed using both proband-only clinical exome sequencing and trio-rapid genome sequencing (proband and biological parents). The study occurred between April 2019 and December 2019. SETTING: Thirteen member hospitals of the China Neonatal Genomes Project spanning 10 provinces were involved. PARTICIPANTS: Critically ill infants (n = 202), from birth up until 13 months of life were enrolled based on eligibility criteria (e.g., CNS anomaly, complex congenital heart disease, evidence of metabolic disease, recurrent severe infection, suspected immune deficiency, and multiple malformations). INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the 202 participants, neuromuscular (45%), respiratory (22%), and immunologic/infectious (18%) were the most commonly observed phenotypes. The diagnostic yield of trio-rapid genome sequencing was higher than that of proband-only clinical exome sequencing (36.6% [95% CI, 30.1-43.7%] vs 20.3% [95% CI, 15.1-26.6%], respectively; p = 0.0004), and the average turnaround time for trio-rapid genome sequencing (median: 7 d) was faster than that of proband-only clinical exome sequencing (median: 20 d) (p < 2.2 × 10-16). The metagenomic analysis identified pathogenic or likely pathogenic microbes in six infants with symptoms of sepsis, and these results guided the antibiotic treatment strategy. Sixteen infants (21.6%) experienced a change in clinical management following trio-rapid genome sequencing diagnosis, and 24 infants (32.4%) were referred to a new subspecialist. CONCLUSIONS: Trio-rapid genome sequencing provided higher diagnostic yield in a shorter period of time in this cohort of critically ill infants compared with proband-only clinical exome sequencing. Precise and fast molecular diagnosis can alter medical management and positively impact patient outcomes.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(37): 4496-4499, 2021 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33956016

RESUMEN

A new superphane, featuring an aesthetically pleasing structure, was successfully obtained via one-pot synthesis of a hexakis-amine and m-phthalaldehyde in a [2+6] manner. It proved capable of entrapping a water dimer within its cavity as inferred from the mass spectroscopy, crystallographical analysis, NMR spectroscopy, and theoretical calculations.

9.
Hepatology ; 2021 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934381

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), characterized by aberrant triglycerides accumulation in liver, affects the metabolism remodeling of hepatic and non-hepatic tissues by secreting altered hepatokines. SUMO-specific protease 2 (SENP2) is responsible for de-SUMOylation of target protein, with broad effects on cell growth, signal transduction and developmental process. However, role of SENP2 in hepatic metabolism remains unclear. APPROACH & RESULTS: Herein, we found that SENP2 was the most dramatically increased SENPs in the fatty liver, and its level was modulated by fed/fasted conditions. To define the role of hepatic SENP2 in metabolic regulation, we generated liver-specific SENP2 knockout (Senp2-LKO) mice. Senp2-LKO mice exhibited resistance to HFD-induced hepatic steatosis and obesity. RNA-seq analysis showed that Senp2 deficiency upregulated genes involved in fatty acid oxidation and downregulated genes in lipogenesis in the liver. Additionally, ablation of hepatic SENP2 activated thermogenesis of adipose tissues. Improved energy homeostasis of both the liver and adipose tissues by SENP2 disruption prompted us to detect the hepatokines, with FGF21 identified as a key factor markedly elevated in Senp2-LKO mice that maintained metabolic homeostasis. Loss of FGF21 obviously reversed the positive effects of SENP2 deficiency on metabolism. Mechanistically, by screening transcriptional factors of FGF21, PPARα was defined as the mediator for SENP2 and FGF21. SENP2 interacted with PPARα and deSUMOylated it, thereby promoting ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation of PPARα, which in turn inhibited FGF21 expression and fatty acid oxidation. Consistently, SENP2 overexpression in liver facilitated development of metabolic disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding demonstrated key role of hepatic SENP2 in governing metabolic balance by regulating liver-adipose tissue crosstalk, linking the SUMOylation process to metabolic regulation.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(7)2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33918171

RESUMEN

As important sensors in smart sensing systems, smartwatches are becoming more and more popular. Authentication can help protect the security and privacy of users. In addition to the classic authentication methods, behavioral factors can be used as robust measures for this purpose. This study proposes a lightweight authentication method for smartwatches based on edge computing, which identifies users by their tapping rhythms. Based on the DBSCAN clustering algorithm, a new classification method called One-Class DBSCAN is presented. It first seeks core objects and then leverages them to perform user authentication. We conducted extensive experiments on 6110 real data samples collected from more than 600 users. The results show that our method achieved the lowest Equal Error Rate (EER) of only 0.92%, which was lower than those of other state-of-the-art methods. In addition, a statistical method for detecting the security level of a tapping rhythm is proposed. It can prevent users from setting a simple tapping rhythm password, and thus improve the security of smartwatches.

11.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 596: 12-21, 2021 Mar 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831749

RESUMEN

Low charge separation efficiency of semiconductor materials is the main obstacle for high-performance photocatalyst. Herein, we report surface defects engineered uniform mesoporous TiO2 nanospheres (DMTNSs) through surfactant-mediated self-assembly solvothermal approach combined with hydrogenation strategy to promote charge separation. The surface defects induced charge imbalance result in the formation of built-in field, which can promote photogenerated charge separation efficiently and be confirmed by experimental and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Under AM 1.5G irradiation, the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution of DMTNSs is ~3.34 mmol h-1 g-1, almost 3.5 times higher than that of pristine non-defective TiO2 nanospheres (0.97 mmol h-1 g-1), due to the engineered surface defects narrowing the bandgap (~3.01 eV) and inducing charge imbalance to boost spatial charge separation and extend visible-light response. The defect induced charge imbalance strategy opens a new valuable perspective for fabricating other high-efficient oxide photocatalysts.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(15): 17372-17379, 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834757

RESUMEN

The development of organic nanoparticles that fluoresce in the near-infrared, especially in the second near-infrared (NIR-II) window, improves in vivo fluorescence imaging due to deeper penetration and higher spatiotemporal resolution. We report two kinds of NIR-II fluorescent molecules with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer (TICT) and aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristics. The virus-like particles (VLPs) of simian virus 40 (SV40) were used as templates to encapsulate the molecules in a well-defined structure (referred to as CH1-SV40 and CH2-SV40). The CH1-SV40 dots exhibited a highly uniform size of 21.5 nm, strong fluorescence, high photostability, and good biocompatibility in vitro and in vivo. Their fluorescence spectrum exhibited a peak at 955 nm, with a tail extending to 1200 nm. Moreover, the CH1-SV40 dots, with a quantum yield of 13.03%, enabled blood vessel imaging and image-guided surgery with a high signal-to-background ratio. Overall, the hybrid nanoparticles represent a new kind of NIR-II AIE nanoprobes for biomedical imaging.

13.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884735

RESUMEN

The formation of asexual seeds in plants holds great promise as a breeding system for one-line hybrid rice. Entry into meiosis is a key developmental decision in gametogenesis, especially in formation of asexual seeds in plants. Apomeiosis in the MeMCs can be achieved by identifying and manipulating meiosis-specific genes. By using methods based on in situ hybridization and expression analysis, we identified OsIME4 (inducer of meiosis 4) sense and antisense transcript involved in rice meiosis initiation in a similar way to initiation of meiosis in budding yeast. Our data suggest that OsIME4 sense transcript, which encodes a putative mRNA N6-adenosine methyltransferase, keeps rice cells at mitosis status through some kind of epigenetic way (DNA/RNA methylation), and the non-coding antisense transcript of OsIME4 converts the cell status from mitosis to meiosis by inhibiting the expression (transcription and translation) of sense transcript. We identified that the non-coding antisense transcript of OsIME4 converts archesporial cell status from mitosis to meiosis by inhibiting the expression of OsIME4 sense transcript in rice. Our results provide novel insights into meiosis initiation in rice and engineering of apomixis in sexual crops by manipulating the OsIME4 sense and antisense transcripts, which holds great promise for apomictic rice in the future.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(16): 18673-18682, 2021 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856754

RESUMEN

The efficiency of antibiotic oxidation by direct electrochemical processes based on transition metal electrodes is largely restricted by the adsorption capacity for single molecules on targeted active sites. Inspired by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we found that the adsorption energy of sulfanilamide molecules on Ni sites could be markedly changed by regulating the local atomic environment of the Ni atoms (for NiCo2O4 and NiCoP, ΔGNi = -0.11 and +0.47 eV, respectively). The high electronegativity of oxygen changed the electron cloud density around the Ni atoms, leading to an oriented adsorption of SA on Ni sites. Moreover, the oriented adsorption on Ni sites occurs not only on NiCo2O4 but on the in situ-generated NiIIIOOH (ΔGNi = -0.09 eV). Consequently, utilizing NiCo2O4 as the anode resulted in superior removal performance (97% vs 55% efficiency) for SA oxidation, with a kinetic constant ∼10 times higher than that of NiCoP (0.031 min-1 vs 0.0029 min-1). Meanwhile, non-oriented adsorption reduced the competition between SA molecules and H+ for active sites, which benefitted the activity of the hydrogen evolution reaction at the NiCoP cathode (68 mV at j = 10 mA·cm-2, 0.5 mmol·L-1 SA added in). Furthermore, the in situ Raman spectra and DFT calculations confirmed that NiIIIOOH dominated the oxidation process and terminated it at the p-benzoquinone stage. These findings provide a feasible strategy to combine electrochemical antibiotic oxidation by Ni-based electrodes with hydrogen energy recovery.

15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Apr 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33913696

RESUMEN

Disputes around trade inequality have been growing over the last 2 decades, with different countries claiming inequality in different terms including monetary deficits, resource appropriation and degradation, and environmental emission transfer. Despite prior input-output-based studies analyzing multidimensional trade consequences at the sector level, there is a lack of bottom-up studies that uncover the complexity of trade imbalances at the product level. This paper quantifies four types of flows, monetary, resource, embodied energy use, and embodied greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, resulting from aluminum trade for the four economies with the highest aluminum trade, that is, the United States, China, Japan, and Australia. Results show that the United States has a negative balance in monetary flows but a positive balance in resource flows, embodied energy use, and GHG emissions. China has a positive balance in monetary and resource flows but a negative balance in embodied energy use and GHG emissions. Japan has a positive balance in all flows, while Australia has a negative balance in all flows. These heterogeneous gains and losses along the global leaders of aluminum trade arise largely from their different trade structures and the heterogeneities of price, energy use, and GHG emission intensities of aluminum products; for example, Japan mainly imports unwrought aluminum, and its quantity is 3 times that of the exported semis and finished aluminum-containing products that have similar energy and GHG emission intensities but 20 times higher prices, while Australia mainly exports bauxite and alumina that have the lowest prices, the quantity of which is 25 times that of imported semis and finished products. This study suggests that resource-related trade inequalities are not uniform across economic and environmental impacts and that trade policies must be carefully considered from various dimensions.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25553, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847684

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common disease leading threat to human health around the world. Here we aimed to explore new biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets in AMI through adopting integrated bioinformatics tools. METHODS: The gene expression Omnibus (GEO) database was used to obtain genes data of AMI and no-AMI whole blood. Furthermore, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened using the "Limma" package in R 3.6.1 software. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses of DEGs were performed via "Bioconductor" and "GOplot" package in R 3.6.1 software. In order to screen hub DEGs, the STRING version 11.0 database, Cytoscape and molecular complex detection (MCODE) were applied. Correlation among the hub DEGs was evaluated using Pearson's correlation analysis. RESULTS: By performing DEGs analysis, 289 upregulated and 62 downregulated DEGs were successfully identified from GSE66360, respectively. And they were mainly enriched in the terms of neutrophil activation, immune response, cytokine, nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway. Based on the data of protein-protein interaction (PPI), the top 10 hub genes were ranked, including interleukin-8 (CXCL8), TNF, N-formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2), growth-regulated alpha protein (CXCL1), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), interleukin-1 beta (IL1B), platelet basic protein (PPBP), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), and high affinity immunoglobulin epsilon receptor subunit gamma (FCER1G). What's more, the results of correlation analysis demonstrated that there was positive correlation between the 10 hub DEGs. CONCLUSION: Ten DEGs were identified as potential candidate diagnostic biomarkers for patients with AMI in present study. However, further experiments are needed to confirm the functional pathways and hub genes associated with AMI.


Asunto(s)
Biología Computacional/métodos , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica/métodos , Infarto del Miocardio/genética , Biomarcadores/análisis , Correlación de Datos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Bases de Datos Genéticas , Humanos , Inmunidad/genética , Activación Neutrófila/genética , Mapas de Interacción de Proteínas/genética , Transducción de Señal/genética
17.
Langmuir ; 37(16): 4763-4771, 2021 04 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848173

RESUMEN

SARS-CoV-2 has infected over 128 million people worldwide, and until a vaccine is developed and widely disseminated, vigilant testing and contact tracing are the most effective ways to slow the spread of COVID-19. Typical clinical testing only confirms the presence or absence of the virus, but rather, a simple and rapid testing procedure that sequences the entire genome would be impactful and allow for tracing the spread of the virus and variants, as well as the appearance of new variants. However, traditional short read sequencing methods are time consuming and expensive. Herein, we describe a tiled genome array that we developed for rapid and inexpensive full viral genome resequencing, and we have applied our SARS-CoV-2-specific genome tiling array to rapidly and accurately resequence the viral genome from eight clinical samples. We have resequenced eight samples acquired from patients in Wyoming that tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. We were ultimately able to sequence over 95% of the genome of each sample with greater than 99.9% average accuracy.

18.
Hereditas ; 158(1): 15, 2021 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892811

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a malignant cancer, the survival rate of patients is disappointing. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the driven-genes and prognostic biomarkers in OSCC. METHODS: Four Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets were integratedly analyzed using bioinformatics approaches, including identification of differentially expressed genes (DEGs), GO and KEGG analysis, construction of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, selection of hub genes, analysis of prognostic information and genetic alterations of hub genes. ONCOMINE, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Human Protein Atlas databases were used to evaluate the expression and prognostic value of hub genes. Tumor immunity was assessed to investigate the functions of hub genes. Finally, Cox regression model was performed to construct a multiple-gene prognostic signature. RESULTS: Totally 261 genes were found to be dysregulated. 10 genes were considered to be the hub genes. The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that upregulated SPP1, FN1, CXCL8, BIRC5, PLAUR, and AURKA were related to poor outcomes in OSCC patients. FOXM1 and TPX2 were considered as the potential immunotherapeutic targets with future clinical significance. Moreover, we constructed a nine-gene signature (TEX101, DSG2, SCG5, ADA, BOC, SCARA5, FST, SOCS1, and STC2), which can be utilized to predict prognosis of OSCC patients effectively. CONCLUSION: These findings may provide new clues for exploring the molecular mechanisms and targeted therapy in OSCC. The hub genes and risk gene signature are helpful to the personalized treatment and prognostic judgement.

19.
J Econ Entomol ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909076

RESUMEN

Termites, being vulnerable to parasitic or pathogenic infections due to large number of individuals living together in colonies, have evolved various behavioral and physiological tactics to resist the infections by those pathogens. Locomotion can help termites collect information on parasites and accordingly exhibit hygienic behaviors. Termites inevitably encounter entomopathogenic fungi during nesting and foraging. However, how these fungal pathogens influence locomotion of termites and how hygienic behavior benefits their survival remains unknown. Here, we examined locomotion alteration of the termite Reticulitermes chinensis (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) after infections with different concentrations of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae). When R. chinensis was isolated, the low concentration (5 × 103 conidia/ml) significantly increased termite locomotion after 6, 12, and 24 h compared with control. However, the high concentrations (5 × 107, 5 × 109 conidia/ml) significantly decreased termite locomotion after 48 h, and termite survival was also significantly lower at 5 × 107 and 5 × 109 conidia/ml compared with the low concentrations and the control. When R. chinensis was in group, however, the locomotion significantly increased 24 h after exposure to 5 × 103 and 5 × 109 conidia/ml but was normalized after 48 h of exposure compared with the control. Allogrooming was significantly higher at 5 × 103 and 5 × 109 conidia/ml compared with the control. The fungal infection did not result in significantly higher mortality of the group termites probably owing to their allogrooming. These findings enhance our understanding on how a termite species copes with biotic stress (i.e., fungal infections) via adaptive behaviors.

20.
Small ; : e2100121, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792164

RESUMEN

Water electrolysis, which is a promising high-purity H2 production method, lacks pH-universality; moreover, highly efficient electrocatalysts that accelerate the sluggish anodic oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are scarce. Geometric structure engineering and electronic structure modulation can be efficiently used to improve catalyst activity. Herein, a facile Ar plasma treatment method to fabricate a composite of uniformly dispersed iridium-copper oxide nanoclusters supported on defective graphene (DG) to form IrCuOx @DG, is described. Acid leaching can be used to remove Cu atoms and generate porous IrOx nanoclusters supported on DG (P-IrOx @DG), which can serve as efficient and robust pH-universal OER electrocatalysts. Moreover, when paired with commercial 20 wt% Pt/C, P-IrOx @DG can deliver current densities of 350.0, 317.6, and 47.1 mA cm-2 at a cell voltage of 2.2 V for overall water splitting in 0.5 m sulfuric acid, 1.0 m potassium hydroxide, and 1.0 m phosphate buffer solution, respectively, outperforming commercial IrO2 and nonporous IrOx nanoclusters supported on DG (O-IrOx @DG). Probing experiment, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and theoretical calculation results demonstrate that Cu removal can successfully create P-IrOx nanoclusters and introduce unsaturated Ir atoms. The optimum binding energies of oxygenated intermediate species on unsaturated Ir sites and ultrafine IrOx nanoclusters contribute to the high intrinsic OER catalytic activity of P-IrOx @DG.

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