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1.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(1): 170-176, 2022 Feb 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35165486

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expectations of patients for total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and to analyze its influencing factors. METHODS: Experimental design: Single center, retrospective, multiple regression analysis. The data including the age, height, and weight of 108 patients undergoing unilateral TKA due to end-stage osteoarthritis were obtained. The patients' preoperative Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee arthroplasty expectation score, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) score, Knee Society score (KSS), the MOS 36-item short-from health survey (SF-36) score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) were evaluated, and the 30-second chair-stand test (30-CST), 40-meter fast-paced walk test (40-FPWT), 12-level stair-climb test (12-SCT), 3-meter timed up-and-go test (TUG), 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), and recorded daily steps for 7 consecutive days were performed. The SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. The observed values of various data were described. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between various parameters, and the multi-factor linear regression analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors of the patients preoperative expectation scores. RESULTS: The average expectation score of this group of patients was 58.98±5.44. In the Pearson correlation analysis, the patient's preoperative expectation had a weak correlation to the result of the patient's 12-SCT, TUG, 6-MWT, KSS function score, and SF-36 mental component score (correlation coefficient 0.1-0.3). The patient's preoperative expectation had a moderate correlation to the patient's daily average steps, 30-CST, 40-FPWT, KSS, WOMAC and its pain, stiffness, function scores, SF-36 physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, vitality, and physical component score (correlation coefficient 0.3-0.6). In the multivariate linear regression analysis, only the results of 30-CST and the role-physical, bodily pain and vitality in the SF-36 scale were related to the patient's expectation score (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The estimated expectation score of patients before TKA is not high. Patients with more severe preoperative pain, worse physical function, and lower overall health are more eager to improve after surgery. Thus surgeons must communicate fully with patients with unrealistic expectations before surgery in order to obtain more satisfactory results postoperatively.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Humanos , Articulación de la Rodilla/cirugía , Motivación , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(10): 849-853, 2021 Oct 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674458

RESUMEN

Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) are rare neoplasms originating from all major systems, in which gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms (G-NEN) is rarely malignant neoplasm originated in stomach. In 2019, the 5th WHO classification of digestive system tumors updated the classification of G-NEN and solved several naming problems. Since the classification of G-NEN has become more specific and more scientific, the surgical treatment of G-NEN is becoming more individual and more precise. Generally, endoscopic resection is often recommended for the treatment of type I gastric neuroendocrine tumors (NET). Type II gastric NET is mostly secondary to gastrinoma originating from the duodenum or pancreas, and thus surgical treatment of primary gastrinoma deserves enough attention. The decision of operation for type III gastric NET needs comprehensive consideration of tumor size, invasive depth and lymph node metastasis. For gastric neuroendocrine carcinomas without distant metastasis, aggressive surgery should be performed, and the resection range of primary site and lymph nodes can refer to the standard of gastric adenocarcinoma. For locally advanced gastric NEC, it has not been reported whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy or neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy could reduce tumor stage and improve radical resection rate. In addition, for functional gastric NEN with distant metastasis, radical resection or palliative surgery can be performed to control hormone secretion and may improve the survival. In general, it is an important principle to thoroughly consider biological behavior, extent of primary and metastatic sites, resectability and function of tumor before surgery of gastric neuroendocrine neoplasm, and thus multi-disciplinary treatment (MDT) is recommended.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Neuroendocrino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinales , Tumores Neuroendocrinos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Metástasis Linfática , Tumores Neuroendocrinos/cirugía , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirugía
3.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(10): 883-888, 2021 Oct 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674463

RESUMEN

Objective: To establish a novel nomogram to predict overall survival of patients with gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms (g-NEN). Methods: A case control study was conducted. Clinicopathological and follow-up data of patients with g-NEN who were treated in two academic medical centers in Southern China between July 2008 and June 2018 were retrospectively collected, including 174 patients from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center and 102 patients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Univariate survival analysis using Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate analysis using Cox regression were performed to identify prognostic factors. A nomogram was subsequently established based on prognostic factors. Harrell's concordance index (C-index), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to verify the performance of the model according to differentiation, calibration and clinical utility. Results: A total of 276 patients were enrolled in the study, of whom 189 patients were male and 87 were female. The age at diagnosis was below 60 years old in 150 patients and 60 years or older in 126 patients. There were patients diagnosed with gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma (g-NEC) and 101 patients with gastric neuroendocrine tumor (g-NET). The number of patients with primary tumor locating at upper, middle and lower parts of stomach was 131, 98 and 47, respectively. As for TNM stage, 72 patients were categorized as stage I, 26 patients stage II, 93 patients stage III, and 85 patients stage IV. Univariate analysis indicated that age, pathological type, primary site, Ki-67 index, T stage, N stage, and M stage were associated with overall survival of g-NEN patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis testified that high Ki-67 index, advanced T stage and advanced M stage were independent prognostic factors (all P<0.05). The C-index of the nomogram was 0.806 (95%CI: 0.769-0.863). The calibration curve of the nomogram showed that the predicted survival rate was consistent with the actual survival rate in g-NEN patients. The ROC curves and DCA showed that the nomogram had better differentiation and clinical utility than the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th TNM staging system (the area under the ROC curve was 0.862 vs. 0.792). Conclusion: The first nomogram to predict overall survival of patients with g-NEN is established and verified in this study, which provides individual prediction of 3-year overall survival rate and is applicable to both g-NET and g-NEC patients.


Asunto(s)
Tumores Neuroendocrinos , Nomogramas , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos
4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 549-554, 2021 Jul 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455741

RESUMEN

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical outcomes of single unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) in children with high risk and refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: Between June 2008 and December 2018, a total of 160 consecutive pediatric patients with AML received single UCBT (excluding acute promyelocytic leukemia) . Myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen were applied. All patients received a combination of cyclosporine A (CsA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for the prophylaxis of graft -versus- host disease (GVHD) . Results: The cumulative incidence of neutrophil cells engraftment at day +42 and platelet recovery at day +120 was 95.0% (95% CI 90.0%-97.5%) at a median of 16 days after transplantation (range, 11-38 days) and 85.5% (95%CI 83.3%-93.4%) with a median time to recovery of 35 days (range, 13-158) , respectively. Incidence of grades Ⅱ-Ⅳ and Ⅲ-Ⅳ acute GVHD and chronic GVHD were 37.3% (95%CI 29.3%-45.2%) , 27.3% (95%CI 20.0%-35.0%) and 22.4% (95%CI 15.5%-28.7%) , respectively. The transplant-related mortality (TRM) at 360 day was 13.1% (95%CI 8.4%-18.9%) . The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 13.8% (95%CI 8.5%-20.3%) . The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 71.7% (95%CI 62.7%-77.8%) and 72.2% (95%CI 64.1%-78.7%) , respectively. The 5-year GVHD and relapse free survival (GRFS) was 56.1% (95%CI 46.1%-64.9%) . The 5-year cumulative recurrence rates of CR1, CR2, and NR groups were 5.3%, 19.9%, and 30.9% (P=0.001) , and the 5-year OS rates were 79.9% (95%CI 70.3%-86.7%) , 71.1% (95%CI 50.4%-84.4%) and 52.9% (95%CI 33.0%-69.3%) (χ(2)=7.552, P=0.020) , respectively. Conclusions: For pediatric patients with high risk and refractory AML, UCBT is a safe and effective treatment option, and it is favorable to improve the survival rate in CR1 stage.


Asunto(s)
Trasplante de Células Madre de Sangre del Cordón Umbilical , Enfermedad Injerto contra Huésped , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Niño , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos
6.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(2): 112-117, 2021 Feb 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508915

RESUMEN

Perioperative treatment is critical to improve the outcomes of patients with advanced gastric cancer. There are three therapeutic modes of perioperative treatment for resectable gastric cancer: neoadjuvant chemotherapy+ D1/D2 surgery+ adjuvant chemotherapy, D0/D1 surgery+ adjuvant radiochemotherapy, and D2 surgery+ adjuvant chemotherapy. Over the decades, a large number of clinical studies had been conducted to optimize the perioperative treatment mode of gastric cancer, including the postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and perioperative chemotherapy, and to explore the feasibility of preoperative radiochemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy in advanced gastric cancer. After nearly 20 years of development and exploration, although the perioperative treatment mode for advanced gastric cancer has become standardized, there are still some core issues that need to be solved urgently, including the selection of population for perioperative treatment, the limitation of efficaly evaluation criteria, insufficient emphasis on laparoscopic exploration before neoadjuvant treatment, and lack of exploration in esophagogastric junction cancer. We should fully integrate the current clinical research data into clinical practice, adopt a multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment mode, and follow the principles of standardized diagnosis and treatment based on a multi-dimensional analysis of patient characteristics, and formulate the most reasonable treatment strategy to ultimately benefit patients.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Gástricas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administración & dosificación , Quimioradioterapia Adyuvante , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Terapia Combinada , Unión Esofagogástrica , Gastrectomía , Humanos , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Atención Perioperativa , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirugía , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia
7.
Nature ; 588(7837): 250-253, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299189

RESUMEN

Capillary condensation of water is ubiquitous in nature and technology. It routinely occurs in granular and porous media, can strongly alter such properties as adhesion, lubrication, friction and corrosion, and is important in many processes used by microelectronics, pharmaceutical, food and other industries1-4. The century-old Kelvin equation5 is frequently used to describe condensation phenomena and has been shown to hold well for liquid menisci with diameters as small as several nanometres1-4,6-14. For even smaller capillaries that are involved in condensation under ambient humidity and so of particular practical interest, the Kelvin equation is expected to break down because the required confinement becomes comparable to the size of water molecules1-22. Here we use van der Waals assembly of two-dimensional crystals to create atomic-scale capillaries and study condensation within them. Our smallest capillaries are less than four ångströms in height and can accommodate just a monolayer of water. Surprisingly, even at this scale, we find that the macroscopic Kelvin equation using the characteristics of bulk water describes the condensation transition accurately in strongly hydrophilic (mica) capillaries and remains qualitatively valid for weakly hydrophilic (graphite) ones. We show that this agreement is fortuitous and can be attributed to elastic deformation of capillary walls23-25, which suppresses the giant oscillatory behaviour expected from the commensurability between the atomic-scale capillaries and water molecules20,21. Our work provides a basis for an improved understanding of capillary effects at the smallest scale possible, which is important in many realistic situations.

8.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(8): 686-691, 2020 Aug 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911908

RESUMEN

Objective: To screen and analyze the differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) in primary hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues using bioinformatics methods to explore the molecular mechanism of the occurrence and prognosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: GSE76427 data set was collected through GEO database, and DEGs were identified using GEO2R online analysis. Go and KEGG databases were used for enrichment and functional annotation of DEGs. Protein interaction network was built based on the STRING database and Cytoscape software to analyze the key genes of hepatocellular carcinoma, and the survival curve of these key genes were analyzed using the GEPIA database. Results: A total of 74 hepatocellular carcinoma DEGs were screened, of which 3 and 71 were up-and-down-regulated genes. The results of GO enrichment analysis showed that the down-regulated DEGs were mainly involved in cell response to cadmium and zinc ions, negative growth regulation, heterologous metabolic processes and hormone-mediated signaling pathways. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis results showed that the down-regulated DEGs pathway were mainly involved in retinol metabolism, chemical carcinogenesis, drug metabolism-cytochrome P450, cytochrome P450 metabolizing xenobiotics, tryptophan metabolism and caffeine metabolism. Protein interaction network had screened out 10 down-regulated core genes: MT1G, MT1F, MT1X, MT1E, MT1H, insulin-like growth factor 1, FOS, CXCL12, EGR1, and BGN. Among them, the insulin-like growth factor 1 was related to the prognosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma. Conclusion: Bioinformatics analysis results of HCC chip data showed that 10 key genes may play a key role in the occurrence and development of HCC and the insulin like growth factor 1 is associated with the prognosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Biología Computacional , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Pronóstico
9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 845-851, 2020 Sep 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927507

RESUMEN

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in the gastrointestinal tract. Biological behavior of GIST is varied. It is very important to accurately assess the risk of recurrence and metastasis after resection of primary tumor in order to guide adjuvant therapy and predict prognosis. With increasing understanding of the biological behavior of GIST, the risk stratification criterion has undergone continuous reform and improvement since its introduction. In the early stage, clinical parameters such as tumor size and mitotic rate were formulated as risk stages, and then tumor site, tumor rupture and other factors were included to form a more accurate AFIP standard and modified NIH risk stratification. Recently, more researches have used new statistical methods such as nomogram and contour maps, which more accurately predict risk of recurrence and better guide adjuvant treatment. Thus, individualized treatment of GIST becomes possible.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Gastrointestinales/diagnóstico , Tumores del Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Medición de Riesgo/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Neoplasias Gastrointestinales/patología , Neoplasias Gastrointestinales/cirugía , Tumores del Estroma Gastrointestinal/secundario , Tumores del Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirugía , Humanos , Nomogramas , Pronóstico
10.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(6): 481-487, 2020 Jun 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660176

RESUMEN

Objective: This study analyzes the expression level of miR-1180-3p and constructs the regulatory network of relevant ceRNA by integrating the DNA methylation and gene expression profile of hepatocellular carcinoma from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Methods: Firstly, the expression level of miR-1180-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma and adjacent tissues was analyzed by TCGA database, and the differential expression of lncrna and mRNA was screened. Secondly, the LncBase database and the TargetScan database were used to predict the relationship between miR-1180-3p and lncRNA and mRNA, and the DNA methylation-mediated lncRNA was screened by the DNA methylation profile of lncRNA. Finally, Cytoscape software was used to construct miR-1180-3p relevant ceRNA network, and WebGestalt website was used to perform GO and KEGG analysis of related mRNA in ceRNA. Results: Compared with patients with low expression of miR-1180-3p (mean overall survival duration, 5.69 ± 0.35 years), patients with high expression of miR-1180-3p had shorter overall survival time (mean overall survival duration, 3.99 ± 0.47 years), indicating that the high expression of miR-1180-3p was hepatocellular carcinoma risk factor affecting the prognosis (HR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.1 ~ 1.5, P < 0.01). A miR-1180-3p related ceRNA regulatory network was constructed in this study, which contained 2 lncRNAs (F11-AS1 and LINC01511) and 37 mRNAs. Conclusion: This study has successfully constructed miR-1180-3p relevant ceRNA regulatory network, and DNA methylation-mediated F11-AS1 and F11-AS1/miR-1180-3p/C11of54 ceRNA regulatory axis has played an important role in the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , ARN Largo no Codificante , Metilación de ADN , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , MicroARNs , Transcriptoma
11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447885

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the features, changing trend, and rules of pneumoconiosis in Jiangsu Province, China, as well as the health status of patients with pneumoconiosis. Methods: From July to October 2019, the patients with pneumoconiosis, reported up to the end of 2018 in Jiangsu Province, were enrolled as respondents, and follow-up and retrospective investigation were performed. A total of 24405 patients with pneumoconiosis were investigated, and related data were collected from the monitoring system of cause of death for residents, pneumoconiosis network reporting system, occupational disease diagnosis institution, management institutions for the reporting of occupational diseases, and related residents' committee or village committee. The patients with pneumoconiosis, who had been reported, were followed up by telephone or on-site visit to obtain the information on their conditions. A descriptive analysis was performed for age of onset, working years, sex, category of industry, type of pneumoconiosis, annual disease onset, geographic distribution, and medical security. Results: Among the 24405 patients, a male/female ratio was 16.81∶1. Of all 24405 patients, 15948 (65.35%) had stage 1 pneumoconiosis, 5289 (21.67%) had stage 2 pneumoconiosis, and 1637 (6.71%) had stage 3 pneumoconiosis. The mean working years for dust exposure was 16.25±9.95 years for all patients, and the mean working years for dust exposure was 15.80±9.95 years for patients with stage 1 pneumoconiosis, 17.82±9.80 years for patients with stage 2 pneumoconiosis, and 16.31±9.90 years for patients with stage 3 pneumoconiosis. The highest number of cases of pneumoconiosis was reported in Wuxi (5744 cases, accounting for 23.54%) , followed by Zhenjiang (4160 cases, accounting for 17.05%) , Xuzhou (3851 cases, accounting for 15.78%) , Yancheng (3340 cases, accounting for 13.69%) , and Suzhou (2948 cases, accounting for 12.08%) . Major types of pneumoconiosis included silicosis (15392 cases, accounting for 63.07%) and coal workers' pneumoconiosis (5253 cases, accounting for 21.52%) . In this survey, 21115 completed follow-up, among whom 15924 survived and 5191 died, 15924 patients with pneumoconiosis survived, among whom 7461 (46.85%) had an age of ≥70 years and 2515 (15.79%) were exposed to dust for 5-9 years. The industries involved were mainly coal mining and washing industry (5687 cases, accounting for 35.71%) and public management, social security, and social organization (3349 cases, accounting for 21.03%) ; in terms of security, 7999 patients (50.23%) were covered by occupational injury insurance, 946 (5.94%) were compensated by employers, 4537 (28.49%) were covered by basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents, 1590 (9.98%) were covered by critical illness insurance, and 5458 (34.28%) were covered by other types of social security, such as medical assistance and poverty relief. Conclusion: Silicosis and coal worker's pneumoconiosis are the key points for the prevention and treatment of pneumoconiosis in Jiangsu Province, and supervision should be strengthened for industries and regions with serious dust hazards.


Asunto(s)
Neumoconiosis/diagnóstico , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Neumoconiosis/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Silicosis/diagnóstico , Silicosis/epidemiología
14.
Pharmacogenomics J ; 18(3): 460-466, 2018 05 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28762371

RESUMEN

Imatinib-induced ophthalmological side-effects, including conjunctiva hemorrhage and periorbital oedema, although very common and still remain relatively little understood. The present study investigated the effects of genetic polymorphisms of drug targets and membrane transporters on these side effects. We found that the minor allele of EGFR rs10258429 and SLC22A1 rs683369 were significant risk determinants of conjunctival hemorrhage with OR of 7.061 (95%CI=1.791-27.837, P=0.005 for EGFR rs10258429 CT+TT vs CC), and 4.809 (95%CI=1.267-18.431, P=0.021 for SLC22A1 rs683369 GG+CG vs CC). The minor allele of SLC22A5 rs274558 and ABCB1 rs2235040 were protective factors to periorbital oedema with OR of 0.313 (95%CI=0.149-0.656, P=0.002 for SLC22A5 rs274558 AA+AG vs GG), and 0.253 (95%CI=0.079-0.805, P=0.020 for ABCB1 rs2235040 CT vs CC). These results indicated that variants in EGFR, SLC22A1, SLC22A5 and ABCB1 influenced the incidence of Imatinib-induced ophthalmological toxicities, and polymorphism analyses in associated genes might be beneficial to optimize Imatinib treatment.


Asunto(s)
Oftalmopatías/genética , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Mesilato de Imatinib/efectos adversos , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Subfamilia B de Transportador de Casetes de Unión a ATP/genética , Alelos , Receptores ErbB/genética , Oftalmopatías/inducido químicamente , Oftalmopatías/patología , Femenino , Frecuencia de los Genes , Genotipo , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administración & dosificación , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva/complicaciones , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva/patología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Transportador 1 de Catión Orgánico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Miembro 5 de la Familia 22 de Transportadores de Solutos/genética
15.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 52(11): 819-823, 2017 Nov 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29141290

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the significance for the preservation of the supraclavicular nerve in endoscopic thyroidectomy via gasless anterior chest approach. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 168 patients who underwent unilateral endoscopic thyroidectomy via gasless anterior chest approach, with preservation of the medial branch of the supraclavicular nerve in 110 patients and not in other 58 patients. Semmes-Weinstein monofilament (SWM) test and a visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to assess the recovery of sensation in anterior chest within 1-12 months postoperatively. Difference in the scores of SWM or VAS between groups was tested with Mann-Whitney U test, and the rates of SWM and VAS scores returning to normal levels in individual periods after surgery was compared with Chi-square test. Results: The preserved group showed more favorable results than the non-preserved group in both SMW and VAS scores. Compared to control group, SWM score in preserved group possessed a higher rate recovery to normal level at any period after operation, which was close to complete normality in 7-9 months postoperatively, and SWM score in non-preserved group was still partially normal in 10-12 months from surgery. Preferable results for VAS were also found in the preserved group, except no significant difference in VAS between groups in1-3 months or 10-12 months after operation. Conclusion: Preservation of the medial branch of the supraclavicular nerve in endoscopic thyroidectomy via gasless anterior chest approach can improve sensation recovery in anterior chest, thus improving postoperative quality of life of patients.


Asunto(s)
Endoscopía/métodos , Tratamientos Conservadores del Órgano , Recuperación de la Función , Sensación , Tiroidectomía/métodos , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neuronas , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Retrospectivos , Pared Torácica , Resultado del Tratamiento , Escala Visual Analógica
16.
Br J Surg ; 104(9): 1226-1234, 2017 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28449182

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: According to some guidelines for the management of gastric cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy is recommended for patients with pT3-4 or node-positive disease. The aim of this study was to define low- and high-risk groups in terms of survival, and to predict the benefit of adjuvant fluoropyrimidine plus oxaliplatin (F-OX) chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients with pT3-4 or node-positive gastric cancer after gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy between 2000 and 2013 were included. The performance of a previously published nomogram was assessed by discrimination and calibration. Patients were stratified into risk groups on the basis of the nomogram-predicted overall survival probability. The efficacy of F-OX within each risk subgroup was assessed using the log rank test and Cox regression analysis weighted by inverse propensity score. RESULTS: Some 1464 patients were included. The nomogram showed better discrimination than the seventh AJCC staging classification (concordance index 0·72 versus 0·68 respectively; P = 0·008) and accurate calibration. F-OX was not associated with improved survival in patients in the low-risk group, whereas it reduced the risk of death by over 20 per cent in the intermediate- and high-risk groups (P = 0·036 and P < 0·001 respectively) (P for interaction = 0·014). CONCLUSION: A nomogram can aid in individualized decision-making regarding the administration of F-OX after gastrectomy for cancer.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Gastrectomía/métodos , Selección de Paciente , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Cuidados Posteriores , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administración & dosificación , Capecitabina , Quimioterapia Adyuvante/métodos , Quimioterapia Adyuvante/mortalidad , China/epidemiología , Toma de Decisiones Clínicas , Desoxicitidina/administración & dosificación , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Fluorouracilo/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Estimación de Kaplan-Meier , Leucovorina/administración & dosificación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nomogramas , Compuestos Organoplatinos/administración & dosificación , Oxaloacetatos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/métodos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/mortalidad , Pirimidinas/administración & dosificación , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidad , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirugía
17.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 45(12): 1665-1670, 2016 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27481688

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of novel software-CMF-preCADS-for the prediction of soft tissue changes following repositioning surgery for zygomatic fractures. Twenty patients who had sustained an isolated zygomatic fracture accompanied by facial deformity and who were treated with repositioning surgery participated in this study. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans and three-dimensional (3D) stereophotographs were acquired preoperatively and postoperatively. The 3D skeletal model from the preoperative CBCT data was matched with the postoperative one, and the fractured zygomatic fragments were segmented and aligned to the postoperative position for prediction. Then, the predicted model was matched with the postoperative 3D stereophotograph for quantification of the simulation error. The mean absolute error in the zygomatic soft tissue region between the predicted model and the real one was 1.42±1.56mm for all cases. The accuracy of the prediction (mean absolute error ≤2mm) was 87%. In the subjective assessment it was found that the majority of evaluators considered the predicted model and the postoperative model to be 'very similar'. CMF-preCADS software can provide a realistic, accurate prediction of the facial soft tissue appearance after repositioning surgery for zygomatic fractures. The reliability of this software for other types of repositioning surgery for maxillofacial fractures should be validated in the future.


Asunto(s)
Simulación por Computador , Cara , Imagenología Tridimensional , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos/métodos , Fracturas Cigomáticas/cirugía , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
18.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 32(7): 396-401, 2016 Jul 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27464629

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of pretreatment with dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) on the survival of multi-territory perforator flap and the vessels of choke zone (CZ) 2 in rat, and to explore related mechanism. METHODS: Sixty adult SD rats were divided into group DMOG and normal saline group (NS) according to the random number table, with 30 rats in each group. Perforator flap with three angiosomes was made on the right dorsal side of rat, including deep iliac circumflex artery perforator, intercostal artery perforator, thoracodorsal artery perforator, as well as CZ 1 and CZ 2. Rats in group DMOG were intraperitoneally injected with 2 mL NS containing DMOG (40 mg/kg) 2 days before operation, 2 hours before operation, and 2 days after operation. Rats in group NS were intraperitoneally injected with equivalent volume of NS at the same time point. On post operation day (POD) 7, gross observation was conducted, and the survival rate of flap was calculated. On POD 7, the vascularity in CZ 2 and potential zone of flap was observed using angiography. On POD 7, new vessel in CZ 2 of flap was observed with HE staining, and the microvessel density (MVD) was calculated. On POD 7, the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in CZ 2 of flap was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting (respectively denoted as integral absorbance values and ratio of gray value), and blood flow volume of vessel in CZ 2 of flap was examined by laser Doppler perfusion imager. The sample number of each index was 6 in each group. Data were processed with t test. RESULTS: (1) On POD 7, rats in two groups all survived, and the flaps were not infected. In group DMOG, the necrotic area of flaps of rats with dark yellow crust and soft texture was observed approximately at the distal end of skin entry point of thoracodorsal artery perforator. In group NS, the necrotic area of flaps of rats with brownish black crust and hard texture was observed approximately at the distal end of CZ 2. The survival rate of flap of rats in group DMOG was (88±3) %, which was significantly higher than that in group NS [(82±3) %, t=3.38, P<0.01]. (2) On POD 7, there were clear vascular structure and many new vessels in CZ 2 of flaps of rats in group DMOG, with intact vascular structure in potential zone. On POD 7, there were unclear vascular structure and few new vessels in CZ 2 of flaps of rats in group NS, with disorder vascular structure in potential zone. (3) On POD 7, MVD in CZ 2 of flaps in rats of group DMOG was (29.2±2.2)/mm(2,) which was significantly higher than that of group NS [(20.3±3.6)/mm(2,) t=5.10, P<0.01]. (4) On POD 7, the expressions of VEGF in CZ 2 of flaps in rats of group DMOG detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were 5 060±432 and 0.48±0.04 respectively, which were significantly higher than those of group NS (2 811±382 and 0.26±0.06, with t values respectively 9.54 and 5.67, P values below 0.01). (5) On POD 7, blood flow volume of vessel in CZ 2 of flaps in rats of group DMOG was (58±4) perfusion units (PU), which was significantly more than that of group NS [(46±4) PU, t=5.20, P<0.01]. CONCLUSIONS: DMOG can increase the survival rate of multi-territory perforator flap through promoting angiogenesis in CZ 2 of flap on the back of rat and improving blood supply of flap.


Asunto(s)
Aminoácidos Dicarboxílicos/farmacología , Neovascularización Fisiológica , Colgajo Perforante , Angiografía , Animales , Arterias , Supervivencia de Injerto , Masculino , Necrosis , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Piel , Colgajos Quirúrgicos , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular
19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(2): 257-62, 2016 Apr 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27080277

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To collect comprehensive data of the physical function of the end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) patients, and compare it with patients with mild OA. To evaluate the correlations among pain, self-reported questionnaire, performance based physical function and actual daily life activity level. METHODS: In this prospective study, the comprehensive physical function parameters of 87 end stage OA patients waiting for total knee replacement, and that of 60 patients with mild OA [Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade 0-2] were collected. The comprehensive physical function parameters including: age, height, body weight, 30 s chair stand test (30-CST), 40 m fast-paced walk test (40-FPWT), 12 steps stair climb test (12-SCT), timed up & go test (TUG), 6 minutes walk test (6-MWT), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), knee society score (KSS), visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scale, and everyday steps counts for continuous 7 days. The data were analyzed with the soft ware SPSS 22.0. The descriptive report of all the parameters was made. Because the Kolmogorv-Smirnov test results for all the parameters were negative for normal distribution, nonparative Mann-Whitney test was used to analysis the differences between the two groups, as well as the Spearman test for the correlations. RESULTS: All the parameters of the mild OA group were better than those of the end stage group, and the differences were significant (P<0.05). In the mild OA group, there were no correlations or weak correlations between all the physical function test and questionnaire, however, in the end stage group, the correlations were weak, moderate, or strong. CONCLUSION: The usage of lots of different physical parameters from Chinese OA patients were reported in this study. The results showed that there are no good correlations among performance based physical function test, actual daily activity level, self reported questionnaires, and the pain scales. More comprehensive evaluation for the OA patients needs to be made, in order to make better decision for arthroplasty.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/fisiopatología , Dimensión del Dolor , Actividades Cotidianas , Prueba de Esfuerzo , Humanos , Articulación de la Rodilla/fisiopatología , Dolor/fisiopatología , Estudios Prospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Oncogene ; 34(6): 761-70, 2015 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24531713

RESUMEN

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to have a crucial role in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) recurrence. However, the exact mechanisms that are functionally critical in CSCs-mediated recurrence remain unclear. Here, we showed that CSCs derived from recurrent TNBCs are endowed with increased self-renewal capacity as compared with those from the matched primary lesions. Using patient-derived specimens, we demonstrated the existence of paracrine brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling between differentiated recurrent TNBC cells and CSCs characterized by the expression of TrkB, the receptor of BDNF. We showed that paclitaxel induced BDNF expression and apoptosis simultaneously in a cell cycle-dependent manner. BDNF promotes the self-renewal potential of the TrkB+CSCs through induction of KLF4. The TrkB+CSCs represent a particular subset indispensable for TNBC relapse. In line with this, TrkB is proved to be a superior predictor for TNBC recurrence. Using a genetically engineered mouse model of TNBC, we observed that ablation of the TrkB+CSCs potentially prevents relapse of malignant tumors. Further preclinical investigation of this promising approach may lead to development of a novel therapeutic strategy to improve the devastating prognosis of TNBC patients.


Asunto(s)
Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/biosíntesis , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/genética , Células Madre Neoplásicas/efectos de los fármacos , Proteínas Tirosina Quinasas/biosíntesis , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/genética , Anciano , Animales , Apoptosis/genética , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/biosíntesis , Línea Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Femenino , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Ratones , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/inducido químicamente , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Paclitaxel/administración & dosificación , Comunicación Paracrina/efectos de los fármacos , Proteínas Tirosina Quinasas/genética , Receptor trkB , Transducción de Señal , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/patología
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