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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33442778

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of oral rehabilitation with complete dentures on bite force and electromyography of the suprahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles, and their correlation with occlusal vertical dimension (OVD). The research questions were "What are the effects of rehabilitation with complete dentures on bite force and electromyography of suprahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles, and how are they correlated with OVD?" MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who are wearers of unsatisfactory removable complete dentures were attended in three sessions (T0, T1, and T2). At T0, while the patients still wore the old dentures, they were submitted to bite force and surface electromyographic exams of the suprahyoid and sternocleidomastoid muscles. These exams were repeated, and the OVD was measured while the patients wore their old and new prostheses, 30 days after insertion of the new prosthesis (T1). The exams were repeated 100 days after the insertion of the new prosthesis (T2). The data were submitted to the Shapiro-Wilk normality test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Pearson correlation and linear regression, all with 5% significance. RESULTS: Fifteen patients participated in the study. No statistically significant difference was observed for bite force or electromyography in T0, T1, or T2. However, the correlation and regression tests showed important interactions between the OVD and maximum voluntary occlusal bite force, as well as the OVD and electromyography during deglutition for the suprahyoid muscles. CONCLUSION: Rehabilitation did not impact bite force nor the activity of the assessed muscles (electromyography). On the other hand, OVD was shown to be an important factor for bite force, and deglutition of water after rehabilitation. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study shows what are the influences of rehabilitation on oral functions and reinforces the importance of corrected reestablishment of OVD because it has been found to be an important factor for bite force and electromyography during deglutition.

2.
Gen Dent ; 69(1): 31-36, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350953

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to compare techniques of different methods of obtaining centric relation to verify which technique generates the greatest reproducibility of the centric relation. The PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, SciELO, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched for articles published up to May 15, 2018. The search terms were combinations of "dental centric relation" with each of the following terms (individually): "reproducibility of findings"; "jaw relation record"; "chin point"; "gothic arch"; "bimanual manipulation"; "swallowing"; and "jig." The inclusion criteria included clinical studies in English that had to compare at least 2 techniques representing different methods for obtaining centric relation (based on the reproducibility of the centric relation) in individuals without temporomandibular dysfunction; and studies performed in individuals with complete or nearly complete dentition or complete edentulism. Methods (techniques) included in this study were guided methods (chin point guidance and bimanual manipulation); graphic methods (intraoral and extraoral gothic arch tracing); and physiologic methods (swallowing and tongue retrusion along the palate). A total of 1638 articles were identified. After the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 7 articles were included in this review. None of the reviewed studies evaluated edentulous individuals. Two articles compared physiologic methods with guided methods; one concluded that the swallowing technique generates greater variability than guided methods, and the other concluded that there was no difference between the swallowing technique and chin point guidance. Of 5 articles comparing intraoral gothic arch tracing with guided methods, 2 showed similar results between different methods, 2 showed superior results for gothic arch tracing, and 1 showed superior results for the guided methods. Based on the guided methods and swallowing technique, it is not possible to conclude which technique can generate the greatest reproducibility of the centric relation. It is possible to suggest that in most cases intraoral gothic arch tracing is superior or equivalent when compared to guided methods.


Asunto(s)
Boca Edéntula , Relación Céntrica , Humanos , Registro de la Relación Maxilomandibular , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
3.
J Prosthet Dent ; 124(6): 815.e1-815.e7, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268070

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Exposure of silicone prostheses to environmental factors can alter their properties, affecting longevity. However, whether nonthermal plasma (NTP) can prevent these alterations is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the surface roughness (Ra), sorption, solubility, and color stability (ΔE00) of the MDX4-4210 and A-120 silicones, with and without NTP treatment in accordance with an independent analysis of the use of 2 pigmentations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred sixty specimens were fabricated and distributed into 16 groups (n=10) as per the silicone, pigmentation, and NTP coating. The NTP was applied, and the Ra, sorption, solubility, and ΔE00 were evaluated before and after accelerated aging. ANOVA was used, and the HSD Tukey test was applied (α=.05). RESULTS: NTP generated an increase in roughness after aging, regardless of pigmentation or silicone. A-120 silicone without NTP showed a reduction in roughness after aging, regardless of pigmentation. For sorption and solubility, the bronze pigmentation (for A-120 and MDX4-4210) presented the smallest results after NTP treatment. For MDX4-4210 with pink pigmentation and NTP, sorption decreased and solubility increased. For A-120 with pink pigmentation and NTP, sorption and solubility increased. Sorption was reduced in all situations, except for A-120 with pink pigmentation, which increased. Regardless of the silicone used, solubility was reduced after NTP for bronze pigmentation. For A-120 and MDX4-4210 with pink pigmentation and NTP, the solubility increased. For both pigmentations, the NTP treatment promoted lower color alteration only for the A-120 silicone after accelerated aging (within the acceptability threshold). CONCLUSIONS: The NTP protocol of this study, which was applied to facial silicones, generated inconsistent results between the evaluated properties. Therefore, the NTP protocol used does not seem to be ideal for the treatment of silicone surfaces after aging.

4.
Gen Dent ; 68(6): 56-59, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136047

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength and Knoop microhardness of the polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) used in dental prostheses after receiving therapeutic radiation doses of 50 and 70 Gy. Thirty-six acrylic resin plates measuring 65.0 × 10.0 × 3.3 mm were fabricated and polymerized using a microwave. The specimens were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 12): group 1, which received no radiation; group 2, which received 1 fractioned dose of 2 Gy per day, 5 days per week, for 5 weeks, totaling 50 Gy; and group 3, which received 1 fractioned dose of 2 Gy per day, 5 days per week, for 7 weeks, totaling 70 Gy. All specimens remained in ballistic gel at a temperature of 37°C throughout the study. Afterward, the specimens underwent flexural strength and Knoop microhardness tests. All data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc test (P < 0.05). For flexural strength, there was a statistically significant difference between groups 1 and 2 (P = 0.012) and between groups 1 and 3 (P = 0.048). For Knoop microhardness, there was a difference between groups 1 and 2 (P = 0.001) and between groups 1 and 3 (P = 0.006). For both flexural strength and microhardness, groups 2 and 3 showed greater values than group 1. Therapeutic radiation doses of 50 and 70 Gy increased the flexural strength and Knoop microhardness of PMMA used in dental prostheses.

5.
Eur J Dent ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003238

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to verify the influence of three pigment incorporation methods (conventional, mechanical, and industrial) on the sorption and solubility of the MDX4-4210 and A-2186 silicones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The groups formed were based on the silicones used (A-2186 and MDX4-4210), intrinsic pigments (pink, bronze, and black), and pigment incorporation methods (conventional, mechanical, and industrial). The dimensions of all samples were 45-mm diameter (ø) × 1-mm thickness. Readings were taken initially and after 1,008 hours of aging. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Three-way analysis of variance and the Tukey's test were performed (α = 0.05). RESULTS: For sorption and solubility, there was no difference between the incorporation methods for the A-2186 silicone, regardless of the pigment used (p > 0.05). For pink MDX4-4210, the industrial and mechanical methods showed higher values of sorption compared with the conventional method (p < 0.05). For bronze MDX4-4210, the industrial method showed a higher sorption value compared with the conventional and mechanical methods (p < 0.05). For black MDX4-4210, there was no difference between incorporation methods based on sorption (p > 0.05). For pink MDX4-4210, the mechanical method showed a higher solubility value compared with the industrial and conventional methods (p < 0.05). For black MDX4-4210 and bronze MDX4-4210, there was no statistically significant difference between incorporation methods based on solubility (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Based on sorption and solubility, for the A-2186 silicone, the conventional, mechanical, and industrial methods of pigment incorporation were equivalent. For the MDX4-4210 silicone, its results of sorption and solubility were varied, and further studies are recommended.

6.
Eur J Dent ; 14(4): 634-638, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916719

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the color alteration and shore A hardness of a medical silicone with extrinsic pigmentation, before and after accelerated aging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty samples (Silastic Q7-4735) were made with an intrinsic pigmentation. This intrinsic pigmentation was composed of a pink pigment (H-109-P, Factor II) and an opacifier (ZnO). All samples had standardized dimensions (45-mm diameter and 2-mm thickness). Half of the 20 samples manufactured subsequently received an extrinsic pigment (Tan FE-215, Factor II). Therefore, two groups were created (n = 10): Group 1, group with intrinsic pigmentation and without extrinsic pigmentation (control) and Group 2, group with intrinsic and extrinsic pigmentation. Samples were submitted to color and Shore A hardness tests, before and after 1,008 hours of aging. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Color alteration data were submitted to Student's t-test (α = 0.05). Shore A hardness data were submitted to two-way analysis of variance and Tukey test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The incorporation of the extrinsic pigment on the silicone did not affect its color (ΔE) when the two groups were compared (p = 0.232). Regarding the hardness test, the interaction between group and period did not interfere with the hardness results(p=0.599). However, the period factor showed that there was a reduction in the hardness of the silicone after aging (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this study, all the hardness and color results of the silicone used were clinically acceptable, regardless of the presence of extrinsic pigmentation.

7.
Int J Dent ; 2020: 8492091, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32884572

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the influence of different pigmentations and accelerated aging on the hardness and tear strength of the A-2186 and MDX4-4210 silicones. Materials and Methods: The samples A-2186 and MDX4-4210 were manufactured without and with pigmentations (black, bronze, and pink). For the Shore A hardness test, 80 samples of each silicone were fabricated, and for the tear strength test, 320 samples of each silicone were fabricated. Eight groups were created for each test (n = 10). These tests were performed before and after 252, 504, and 1008 hours of aging. Three-way repeated-measures analysis of variance and the Tukey test were performed (α = 0.05). Results: The A-2186 silicone showed higher hardness and tear strength when compared with the MDX4-4210 silicone (p < 0.05), except in the hardness of the A-2186 and MDX4-4210 groups without pigmentation after 1008 hours (p > 0.05). All hardness values were between 25 and 35 units, regardless of the silicone type, period, and pigmentation (or no pigmentation). In most situations, the hardness of silicones used increased after 252 hours (p < 0.05). The nonpigmented MDX4-4210 group and all A-2186 groups showed an increase in tear strength after 252 hours (p < 0.05). For the nonpigmented MDX4-4210 group, from 252 to 1008 hours, there was no change in tear strength (p > 0.05). All pigmented MDX4-4210 groups showed no change in tear strength from 0 (initial) to 1008 hours of aging (p > 0.05). In all A-2186 groups, from 252 to 504 hours, there was a reduction in tear strength (p < 0.05), and from 504 to 1008 hours, there was an increase in tear strength (p < 0.05), except in the bronze A-2186 group (p > 0.05). Conclusion: In most situations, the A-2186 silicone showed significantly higher values of hardness and tear strength than the MDX4-4210 silicone. All hardness values were considered clinically acceptable. Accelerated aging could increase, decrease, or not significantly change the hardness and tear strength of the silicones used. The results of hardness and tear strength suggest that MDX4-4210 was more influenced by the presence of pigmentation after aging.

8.
Gen Dent ; 68(2): 66-69, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105230

RESUMEN

This study aimed to evaluate the fracture resistance of the bond between an artificial acrylic resin tooth and its acrylic resin denture base after radiotherapy with maximum therapeutic doses of 40 and 70 Gy. Sixty wax blocks were fabricated with heights of 4.0 cm and bases with dimensions of 1.0 cm2 and 1.8 cm2. A posterior acrylic resin tooth was placed on each wax block on the base with the smallest area. Thirty of the blocks were thermopolymerized using the conventional technique and 30 using the microwave technique, and the blocks were divided into 6 groups (n = 10): 1 (control, conventional) and 2 (control, microwave) did not receive radiation; 3 (conventional) and 4 (microwave) received a total dose of 40-Gy radiation; and 5 (conventional) and 6 (microwave) received a total dose of 70 Gy. The groups of 40 and 70 Gy received fractional doses of 2 Gy per day, 5 days per week, until their respective total dose was completed. During the study, all specimens were stored in ballistic gel at a temperature of 37ºC. After the radiotherapy treatments, the bonds between teeth and bases in all groups were submitted to a fracture resistance test. Analysis of variance and Tukey test (P < 0.05) verified no statistically significant differences between groups 1 and 3 (P = 0.727), 2 and 4 (P = 0.537), or 4 and 6 (P = 0.727). However, there were statistically significant differences between groups 3 and 5 (P < 0.001), 5 and 1 (P = 0.006), and 6 and 2 (P = 0.034). Therefore, for both polymerization techniques, the maximum radiation dose of 70 Gy weakened the bond between the acrylic resin tooth and its acrylic resin base.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Bases para Dentadura , Resinas Acrílicas , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie , Diente Artificial
9.
Int J Dent ; 2019: 8657619, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396279

RESUMEN

This review presents a classification system for maxillofacial prostheses, while explaining its types. It also aims to describe their origin and development, currently available materials, and techniques, predicts the future requirements, and subsequently discusses its avenues for improvement as a restorative modality. A literature search of the PubMed/Medline database was performed. Articles that discussed the history, types, materials, fabrication techniques, clinical implications, and future expectations related to maxillofacial prostheses and reconstruction were included. Fifty-nine articles were included in this review. Maxillofacial prostheses were classified as restorative or complementary with subclassifications based on the prostheses finality. The origin of maxillofacial prostheses is unclear; however, fabrication techniques and materials have undergone several changes throughout history. Currently, silicones and acrylic resins are the most commonly used materials to fabricate customized prostheses. Maxillofacial prostheses not only restore several types of orofacial defects but also improve the patients' quality of life. Although the current clinical scenario concerning the field of maxillofacial prostheses is promising, improvements in material quality and techniques for maxillofacial prostheses may be expected in the future, to produce better results in the treatment of patients.

10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(2): e1985, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093223

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Introduction: The cemento-ossifying fibroma is a benign bone neoplasm that affects mainly the female sex during the third or fourth decades of life. This lesion has a slow growth and the treatment is the surgical removal of the tumor, because radiotherapy is not indicated. Objective: to describe and discuss a case of central cemento-ossifying fibroma. Case report: A 41-year-old female patient sought dental treatment due to tooth mobility in the anterior region of the mandible. In this region of the mandible, an increase in volume was noted with a firm consistency on palpation, covered by normal mucosa, and displacement of teeth. Radiographically, the presence of an extensive lesion in this region was observed. An incisional biopsy was performed which led to the final diagnosis of central cemento-ossifying fibroma. Subsequently the tumor was completely removed. An autogenous bone graft was performed and four osseointegrated implants were installed to rehabilitate the patient. Implant-supported prostheses (lower arch) and a complete denture (upper arch) were installed to restore esthetics and function of the patient's oral cavity. Conclusion: Despite being a benign tumor, the central cemento-ossifying fibroma caused functional and aesthetic damage to the patient and required a complex rehabilitation treatment. After approximately 5 years of tumor removal, there was no recurrence of the lesion or signs of peri-implant or periodontal diseases, evidencing the success of the treatments(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: El fibroma cemento-osificante es una neoplasia ósea benigna que afecta principalmente al sexo femenino durante la tercera o cuarta décadas de la vida. Esta lesión tiene un crecimiento lento y el tratamiento es la extirpación quirúrgica del tumor, porque la radioterapia no está indicada. Objetivo: Describir y analizar un caso de un fibroma cemento-osificante central. Presentación caso: Paciente de 41 años de edad buscó tratamiento dental debido a la movilidad dental en la región anterior de la mandíbula. En esta región de la mandíbula se observó un aumento de volumen con una consistencia firme a la palpación, cubierta por la mucosa normal y desplazamiento de los dientes. Radiográficamente, se observó la presencia de una lesión extensa en esta región. Se realizó una biopsia incisional, que indicó el diagnóstico final del fibroma cemento-osificante central. Después el tumor fue completamente extirpado. Se realizó un injerto óseo autógeno y, posteriormente, se instalaron cuatro implantes osteointegrados para rehabilitar al paciente. Se instalaron prótesis soportadas por implantes (arco inferior) y una dentadura (arco superior) para restablecer la estética y la función de la cavidad bucal de la paciente. Conclusiones: A pesar de ser un tumor benigno, el fibroma cemento-osificante central causó daños funcionales y estéticos al paciente y requirió un complejo tratamiento de rehabilitación. Después de 5 años de la extirpación del tumor, no hubo recurrencia de la lesión. Además, no hubo signos de enfermedades periimplantarias y/o periodontales, lo que demuestra el éxito del tratamiento(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Prótesis e Implantes/efectos adversos , Neoplasias de la Boca/cirugía , Cementoma/diagnóstico por imagen , Rehabilitación Bucal/métodos
11.
Gen Dent ; 67(2): e7-e10, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30875313

RESUMEN

The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of depth (3.0 vs 5.0 mm) of mesio-occlusodistal (MOD) cavity preparation and mechanical cycling on fracture resistance of maxillary premolars restored with resin-based composite (RBC). Seventy premolars were randomly divided into 7 groups (n = 10): NP, no cavity preparation (control); MOD3, 3.0-mm-deep MOD preparation, not restored; MOD3R, 3.0-mm-deep MOD preparation restored with RBC; MOD5, 5.0-mm-deep MOD preparation, not restored; MOD5R, 5.0-mm-deep MOD preparation restored with RBC; MOD3RC, 3.0-mm-deep MOD preparation restored with RBC and subjected to mechanical cycling; and MOD5RC, 5.0-mm-deep MOD preparation restored with RBC and subjected to mechanical cycling under the same conditions as MOD3RC. All specimens were tested using a universal testing machine, resulting in the following mean (SD) values: NP, 224.65 (35.66) kgf; MOD3, 58.92 (15.48) kgf; MOD3R, 95.58 (13.88) kgf; MOD5, 68.06 (10.12) kgf; MOD5R, 98.49 (13.16) kgf; MOD3RC, 83.68 (14.39) kgf; and MOD5RC, 54.25 (11.56) kgf. Analysis of variance and Tukey test showed no statistically significant difference among MOD3, MOD5, and MOD5RC; between MOD5 and MOD3RC; or among MOD3R, MOD5R, and MOD3RC (P > 0.05). MOD3RC had significantly greater fracture resistance than MOD5RC (P < 0.05). NP had the highest fracture resistance of all groups (P < 0.05). The results showed that the depth of the cavity preparation only influenced fracture resistance after mechanical cycling of the specimens.


Asunto(s)
Preparación de la Cavidad Dental , Restauración Dental Permanente , Fracturas de los Dientes , Diente no Vital , Diente Premolar , Resinas Compuestas , Preparación de la Cavidad Dental/métodos , Restauración Dental Permanente/métodos , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Estrés Mecánico
12.
Med Arch ; 73(6): 433-435, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32082015

RESUMEN

Introduction: The lack of an eye has an immediate and long-term impact on a patient's life. Aim: The aim of this study is to show a case of prosthetic rehabilitation of an eyeball. Case report: Male patient, 60 years old, sought care at the Oral Oncology Center of the São Paulo State University "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", for the rehabilitation of the orbital cavity with an acrylic eye prosthesis. This prosthesis was made with thermopolymerizable acrylic resin and hand painted iris with oil paint on cardboard. The prosthesis was installed after finishing and polishing and the hygiene and general care instructions were explained. Conclusion: In the present case, the patient was satisfied with the aesthetics and comfort of the prosthesis, which demonstrates the success of the treatment.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas , Enucleación del Ojo/rehabilitación , Ojo Artificial , Satisfacción del Paciente , Diseño de Prótesis , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
13.
Rev. estomatol. Hered ; 28(4): 274-278, oct. 2018. ilus
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014037

RESUMEN

O granuloma piogênico (GP) é um processo proliferativo não neoplásico. Este termo entretanto, é equivocado, uma vez que não está relacionado a qualquer infecção, não contém pus e não é um verdadeiro granuloma. A ocorrência do GP recorrente associado a lesões vasculares na pele, tais como manchas de vinho do porto, tem sido descrita na literatura. Paciente do gênero masculino com 23 anos de idade foi atendido na Universidade Federal do Maranhão apresentando uma lesão com características de granuloma piogênico na vestibular do primeiro molar, associada à mancha vinho do porto. O diagnóstico foi confirmado através de biopsia excisional e análise histopatológica. Devido à recorrência da lesão após a abordagem cirúrgica, injeções intralesionais de corticoides foram realizadas três vezes. Após dois anos de acompanhamento, não houve recorrência. Pode-se concluir que, apesar da alta prevalência de recorrência do granuloma piogênico, injeções intralesionais com corticoides podem ser uma alternativa ao tratamento cirúrgico convencional.


Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a non-neoplastic proliferative lesion. This term, however, is a misconception, since it is not related to any infection, does not contain pus and it is not a true granuloma. The occurrence of recurrent PG associated with vascular lesions on the skin, such as port-wine stains, has been described in the literature. A 23 years old male patient was attended in the Federal University of Maranhão presenting a lesion with pyogenic granuloma characteristics in the buccal side of the first molar associated with port-wine stain. The diagnosis was confirmed per an excisional biopsy, along with histopathologic analysis. Due to the recurrence of the lesion after the surgical approach, intralesional corticosteroid injections was performed three times. After two-years no signs of recurrence could be observed. In conclusion, despite of the high prevalence of Pyogenic Granuloma recurrence, intralesional corticosteroid injections may be an alternative option to conventional surgical treatment.

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