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1.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1403701, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38993350

RESUMEN

Background: Typically, work engagement is positively related to beneficial job outcomes. Earlier studies, however, revealed a "dark side" of work engagement showing negative effects such as more work-family conflict. Using a resource perspective, our study seeks to better understand why and when these negative effects of work engagement occur. Specifically, we test a new model in which the relationship of work engagement with work-family conflict is mediated by organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and work rumination. Moreover, we argue that employees' resource-building strategies (i.e., job crafting) and resource levels (i.e., psychological capital) buffer resource depletion due to high work engagement. Methods: We tested our assumptions in a field study that involved data collected on three measurement points with 523 employees from Nigeria. The measures consist of Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Organizational Citizenship Behavior Scale, Work Rumination Scale, Psychological Capital Scale, Job Crafting Measure, Work-family Conflict Scale, and demographic variables. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to test the hypotheses. Results and discussion: Results from latent structure equation modelling confirm that work rumination mediates the positive relationship between work engagement and work-family conflict. Additionally, our findings suggest that behavioral engagement (i.e.,OCB) and work rumination mediate the relationship between work engagement and work-family conflict. Moreover, psychological capital mitigated the relationships of work engagement with work rumination, but not job crafting. Our study helps to better understand the "dark side" of work engagement and offers implications on how to mitigate its detrimental relationship with work-family conflict.

2.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 384, 2024 Jul 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982552

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This theoretical model has been drawn on principles of social exchange theory to scrutinize the connection between organizational virtuousness and job performance with the mediating role of Organizational citizenship behavior and moderating role of workplace ostracism. A survey was conducted in Pakistan, gathering data from 486 employees working for various private and commercial banks. METHOD: Soft and hard questionnaires were distributed to the participants, with social media platforms used for the soft questionnaires and meetings with employees for the hard questionnaires. A 7-point Likert scale was employed in data collection, and measures for the variables were adapted from reliable and valid sources. A demographic analysis was performed to summarize the sample collected from participants. The demographics results were analyzed using SPSS, while the measurement model and path analysis were conducted using Structural Equational Modeling with Smart PLS-4. RESULTS: The study's findings showed a significant and positive relationship between organizational virtuousness and job performance, with organizational citizenship behavior serving as a mediator. Additionally, a negative moderation of workplace ostracism was observed in the mediation of organizational citizenship behavior toward the relationship between organizational virtuousness and job performance. CONCLUSION: The study's results contribute to the implementation of social exchange theory and related concepts in the banking sector of Pakistan, providing practical guidance for implementing virtuous practices within organizations and discouraging ostracism in banks to enhance overall performance. The study suggests that policies regarding the implementation of virtuous practices in organizations can be established, and workplace ostracism can be avoided by providing a platform for social gatherings and training employees. Managers should adopt appropriate leadership styles and relevant communication patterns to impact the organizational climate which can also help reduce the influence of ostracism in the organization. Additionally, a complaint cell should be established with complete confidentiality to reduce ostracism.


Asunto(s)
Cultura Organizacional , Rendimiento Laboral , Humanos , Adulto , Femenino , Pakistán , Masculino , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Lugar de Trabajo/organización & administración , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Conducta Social , Persona de Mediana Edad , Análisis de Clases Latentes , Adulto Joven
3.
Work ; 2024 Jul 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39031423

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Corporate environmental citizenship receives little scholarly attention and the definitions remain unclear due to past studies defining corporate environmental citizenship in different perspectives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to clarify the conceptualization of corporate environmental citizenship. It also proposes a plausible and useful definition for corporate environmental citizenship. METHODS: Previous environmental related studies are selected based on their relevance to the definitions. The selected studies then are examined to propose the new definition of corporate environmental citizenship. The online databases being utilized are ScienceDirect, Emerald, Taylor and Francis and Ebscohost. RESULTS: The new definition of corporate environmental citizenship is proposed: managerial recognition on the importance of environmental issues and integrating the environmental concerns into the organizational process. CONCLUSIONS: This study hopes to provoke more discussions about the definitions of corporate environmental citizenship as corporate environmental citizenship's definition has attracted very little attention so far. This paper provides useful understanding for managers regarding the roles of corporate environmental citizenship. This is important as they strive to excel in the business performance in the highly competitive market. This in turn facilitates them to focus their business strategies.

4.
Ann Ig ; 2024 Jul 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39016100

RESUMEN

Introduction: Non-italian citizens experienced less access to anti-COVID-19 vaccination, compared to the native population. Literature has found differences in adherence to anti-COVID-19 vaccination among these groups; however, there are apparently no studies that investigated the role of citizenship. Our objective was to investigate the role of citizenship in vaccine hesitancy toward anti-COVID-19 vaccination and the completion of vaccine cycle, in the non-Italian citizens resident in the Umbria Region. Study design: This is a population study, performed on resident population in Umbria. Methods: Population data were obtained thanks to a record linkage between the Regional Health Information System and the regional DBCOVID Umbria database. On this dataset, a descriptive and logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: The 19.2% of non-Italian citizens did not take even one dose, 2.1% did not complete it and 40.6% did not take the additional dose. The range of values of which these results are an average, however, is very wide, suggesting important differences in COVID-19 vaccine up taking, among different citizenships. The logistic regression shows that citizenships with the highest probability of non-adherence to vaccination, compared to Philippine, was Romanian (OR=7.8), followed by Macedonian (OR=7.3) and Polish (OR=5.9). Conclusions: The study provides evidence of differences among citizenships that pinpoint the importance of understanding the reasons behind these behaviours, to support decisions around health policies tailored to each citizenship.

5.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e31999, 2024 Jun 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38947470

RESUMEN

Service-oriented organizational citizenship behavior refers to service workers' helping, cooperating, sharing, and donating actions that benefit others at a cost to themselves. Based on ethical climate theory, this research investigates whether corporations adopting environmental, social, and governance (ESG) management enhance service-oriented organizational citizenship behavior (SO OCB) among service employees. A total of 230 surveys were collected from call center workers in the insurance industry, and STATA 14.0 was used to analyze the 204 responses with useable data. The results show that employees' recognized ESG activities enable SO OCB through organizational commitment. Additionally, ESG activity recognition has a positive relationship with self-efficacy and empowerment, which helps service employees regulate external expectations. Thus, this finding is significant for call center workers experiencing emotional labor. Furthermore, the results suggest that firms can contribute to employees' SO OCB by practicing ESG activities. Firms should inform employees of their ESG management efforts as employees' recognition of an ethical climate can enhance their willingness to perform service-oriented behavior. Finally, ESG activity recognition can increase employees' organizational commitment, an important predictor of employee satisfaction and negative turnover rates.

6.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 14(6)2024 Jun 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38920823

RESUMEN

This study investigates the impact of inclusive leadership on diversity, climate, and change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior in hotel work. It also examines whether the diversity climate mediates the relationship between inclusive leadership and change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. An online survey was conducted among hotel employees. It was found that inclusive leadership had a significant positive effect on the diversity climate. The diversity climate was found to have a significant positive effect on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior, and inclusive leadership had a significant positive effect on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. Finally, inclusive leadership had a significant positive effect on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior through a diversity climate. The results of this study have academic and practical implications for human resource management with respect to inclusive leadership in hotel workers' work environment according to changes in hotels' environmental factors for a new generation of employees flowing into the organizational mainstream.

7.
J Subst Use Addict Treat ; 165: 209437, 2024 Jun 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866139

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation represents a strategic change that requires alignment of leadership and support throughout organizations. Leadership and Organizational Change for Implementation (LOCI) is a multifaceted implementation strategy that aims to improve implementation leadership and climate within organizations through iterative cycles of leadership and climate assessment and feedback, leadership training and coaching, and strategic planning with upper-level leaders. This study tested the effects of LOCI on transformational and implementation leadership, implementation climate, implementation citizenship behavior, and EBP reach. METHODS: A multiple cohort, cluster randomized trial tests the effect of LOCI in 60 clinics across nine behavioral health organizations in California and Arizona, USA. The study randomized clinics within organizations to either LOCI or a leadership training webinar control condition in three consecutive cohorts. Repeated web-based surveys of direct service providers (nLOCI = 201, nControl = 179) assessed leadership, implementation climate, and implementation citizenship over time. Multilevel autoregressive modeling was the primary statistical analysis such that providers (level-1) were nested within clinics (level-2). The study predicted between-condition differences at 4-, 8-, and 12-month follow-up assessments. Provider engagement in a fidelity monitoring process assessed reach of motivational interviewing (i.e., number of sessions recorded/submitted for fidelity coding). An independent sample t-test explored between condition differences in motivational interviewing reach. RESULTS: Results indicated between condition differences at 4 months for implementation leadership, implementation climate, and implementation citizenship behavior such that greater improvements were evidenced in the LOCI condition compared to the control condition. Reach of MI was significantly greater in the LOCI vs control condition such that LOCI providers were significantly more likely to engage in the fidelity monitoring process (chi-square (1, n = 370) = 5.59, p = .018). CONCLUSIONS: LOCI was developed based on organizational theories of strategic leadership and climate to affect organizational change processes that communicate that innovation implementation is expected, supported, and recognized as a value of the organization. The LOCI implementation strategy resulted in more positive hypothesized outcomes compared to the control condition. Organizational change strategies have utility for implementing health innovations in complex, multilevel contexts and for greater sustainment of facilitative leader behaviors, strategic implementation climate, and improved implementation outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov gov (NCT03042832, 2 February 2017; retrospectively registered).

8.
Am J Transplant ; 2024 Jun 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38908484

RESUMEN

Transplantation of non-US citizen residents remains controversial. We evaluate national trends in transplant activity among pediatric noncitizen residents (PNCR). Pediatric liver and kidney transplant data were obtained from the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network and the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients. Data on transplanted organs, region, waitlist additions, procedures, and citizenship status were analyzed from 2012-2022. Rates of PNCR transplantation activity were compared with population rates from the US Census Bureau. On average, 713 ± 47 pediatric liver and 1039 ± 51 kidney patients were added to the waitlist, with 544 ± 32 liver and 742 ± 33 kidney transplants performed annually. Of these, PNCR comprised 1.5% and 3.3% of liver and kidney waitlist additions and 1.5% and 2.9% of liver and kidney transplant procedures, respectively. There were no significant changes in waitlist or transplant activity nationwide over the study period. There was a significant geographic variation in the percentage of waitlist additions and transplants across the United Network for Organ Sharing regions among the PNCR for liver and kidney transplantation. This is the first study to evaluate national trends in transplantation activity among PNCRs. The significant regional variation in transplantation activity for PNCR may suggest multilevel structural and systemic barriers to transplant accessibility.

9.
Acad Radiol ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871553

RESUMEN

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The number of international medical graduates (IMGs) entering radiology residencies and neuroradiology fellowships averaged 9.7% and 20.9% from 2021 to 2023, respectively. We aimed to determine whether IMG graduates are populating leadership roles at a proportionate rate in diagnostic radiology (DR) and neuroradiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 191 DR program directors, 94 neuroradiology program directors (PDs), 192 chairs of radiology, and 91 directors of neuroradiology inquiring about their original citizenship and medical school (American Medical Graduates [AMG] vs IMG). We reviewed institutional websites to obtain missing data and recorded H indices for each person using Scopus. RESULTS: We confirmed the original citizenship and medical school location in 61-75% and 93-98% of each leadership group. We found that 16.2% of DR program directors, 43.7% of neuroradiology PDs, 28.5% of Chairs, and 40.6% of neuroradiology directors were not originally US citizens. The IMG rate was 18/188 (9.6%), 20/90 (22.2%), 26/186 (14.0%), and 19/85 (22.4%) for the same groups respectively. The most common country of origin and medical school cited was India for all leadership groups. IMGs had a median H index of 14 while AMG 10, significantly different (p = 0.021) CONCLUSION: Compared to the rate of diagnostic and neuroradiology trainees entering from 2021 to 2023, IMGs are proportionately represented at the leadership positions studied. The H index of the IMGs was higher than AMG. We conclude that IMGs have made substantial and proportionate inroads in radiology and neuroradiology leadership.

10.
Preprint en Portugués | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-8918

RESUMEN

This article proposed to build collectively with the community of Ilha de Maré, located in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil; a text-territory-denouncement about environmental necropolitics and community resistance. The Ilha dos Abraços project, part of the Planet&Ar umbrella project, proposed working on popular surveillance through an artistic residency with a transdisciplinary group of artists, health professionals and urban planners to create a map of memories with the stories of the community and panels of graffiti that communicated in a "navigable book". The artistic residency took place between 11-20/11/2022 with workshops on comics, graffiti, planetary health; seven graffiti panels and interviews to compose the memory map. There is a need to know how to step into the territory to enter a traditional quilombola community and the perception not only of the oral tradition of Ilha de Maré, but also of listening, so the term "listenaction" is proposed. It also reflects on the island's invisibility in the face of pollution and public authorities, so art transgresses this silencing. Thus, planetary health can be an ally for the community's struggle, but the universalizing concept is questioned, proposing the idea of planetary(s) health(s).


Este artigo se propôs a construir coletivamente com a comunidade da Ilha de Maré, localizada em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil; um texto-território-denúncia sobre a necropolítica ambiental e a resistência da comunidade. O projeto Ilha dos Abraços, parte do projeto guarda-chuva Planet&Ar, se propôs trabalhar vigilância popular através de uma residência artística com um grupo transdisciplinar de artistas, profissionais da saúde e urbanistas para realizar um mapa de memórias com as histórias da comunidade e painéis de grafite que se comunicassem em um "livro navegável". A residência artística aconteceu entre 11-20/11/2022 com a realização de oficinas de quadrinhos, grafite, saúde planetária, sete painéis de grafite e entrevistas para a composição do mapa de memórias. Há a necessidade de saber pisar no território para adentrar uma comunidade quilombola e a percepção não apenas da tradição oral da Ilha de Maré, mas também a da escuta, e se propõe o termo "escutação". Reflete-se também sobre a invisibilização da ilha frente à poluição e aos poderes públicos, de forma que a arte transgride este silenciamento. Assim, saúde planetária pode ser uma aliada  para a luta da comunidade, porém questiona-se o conceito universalizante, propondo-se a ideia de saúde(s) planetária(s). 

11.
Leadersh Health Serv (Bradf Engl) ; ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)2024 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722792

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between inclusive leadership (IL), psychological safety (PS), affective commitment (AC) and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) at the workplace. By understanding the sequential linkages, the research aims to provide insights for fostering a positive organizational culture that promotes employee commitment and employees' willingness to go the extra mile for the organization. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors study how IL and OCB are related through PS and AC. For this purpose, cross-sectional data from 384 nursing professionals in India was collected and structural equation modeling was conducted on the same using IBM AMOS. FINDINGS: The study found that IL has a major impact on OCB. The study further found that perceived IL leads to PS which is associated with OCB through AC. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: The study has many theoretical and practical implications. This study uses a framework that is based on Affective events theory. In a health-care environment, IL can foster AC by promoting a culture of respect, collaboration and value for diverse perspectives, which enhances health-care professionals' emotional attachment to their work and the organization. Additionally, by encouraging open communication and a sense of belonging, IL contributes to OCB, as health-care staff are more likely to engage in discretionary behaviors that support the overall effectiveness and positive functioning of the health-care team if PS is improved, ultimately improving patient care outcomes. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is one of the primary studies that looks into the sequential mechanism through which IL impacts OCB.


Asunto(s)
Liderazgo , Cultura Organizacional , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , India , Adulto , Femenino , Masculino , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Lealtad del Personal
12.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1338691, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708021

RESUMEN

Introduction: Burnout has been typically addressed as an outcome and indicator of employee malfunctioning due to its profound effects on the organization, its members, and its profitability. Our study assesses its potential as a predictor, delving into how different sources of motivation-autonomous and controlled-act as mediational mechanisms in the association between burnout and behavioral dimensions of functioning (namely, organizational citizenship behaviors and work misbehaviors). Furthermore, the buffering effects of emotional intelligence across three different managerial levels were also examined. Methods: To this end, a total non-targeted sample of 840 Romanian managers (513 first-, 220 mid-, and 107 top-level managers) was obtained. Results: Burnout predicted motivation, which predicted work behaviors in a moderated-mediation framework. Contrary to our initial prediction, emotional intelligence augmented the negative association between burnout and motivation, exhibiting a dark side to this intelligence type. These findings are nuanced by the three managerial positions and shed light on the subtle differences across supervisory levels. Discussion: The current article suggests a relationship between multiple dimensions of optimal (mal)functioning and discusses valuable theoretical and practical insights, supporting future researchers and practitioners in designing burnout, motivation, and emotional intelligence interventions.

13.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e29982, 2024 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694120

RESUMEN

Social media has become integral to contemporary society, with online behaviors impacting individual experiences and the wider community. In Bangladesh, a developing country, SNS have played a pivotal role in the nation's digitalization efforts. This study explores the relationship between social capital theory, D&M Information System Model, subjective well-being, and SNS Citizenship Behavior (SCB) among active social media users in Bangladesh. Data was collected from 418 participants through an online survey, and hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. The findings indicate that the items of the D&M model positively influenced the aspects of social capital theory, excluding service quality. In contrast, social interaction ties and shared values were positively associated with SCB, although social trust did not exhibit a significant relationship. Additionally, subjective well-being mediated the connection between social capital and SCB. This research offers valuable insights into the factors influencing online prosocial behavior and provides practical implications for cultivating a positive communication culture in the digital era. The model proposed in this study holds significant implications for Bangladesh's policymakers and social networking site authorities, guiding their efforts in implementing technology-based initiatives.

14.
Work ; 2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701128

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Many organizations around the world have prudently adopted corporate environmental citizenship. However, the corporate environmental citizenship implementation may vary from reality. Thus, this study examines corporate environmental citizenship to identify ultimate practices to create a strong premise of CEC. OBJECTIVE: The study examines the influence of organizational learning capability, organization age on corporate environmental citizenship. METHODS: The data were collected from 50 Malaysian construction firms using the survey questionnaire and analyzed by using Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). RESULTS: The finding revealed that organizational learning capability positively related to corporate environmental citizenship. Organization age was not found to moderate such relationships. CONCLUSION: This study establishes that organizational learning capability encourages construction firms to take risks and explore new opportunities are essential for corporate environmental citizenship implementation. This study highlights the role of organizational learning capability to achieve corporate environmental citizenship irrespective of their organization age for construction firms. This study confirms the logic of Natural Resource Based View (NRBV) theory for predicting organizational learning capability as a critical foundation to build corporate environmental citizenship.

15.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30278, 2024 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694059

RESUMEN

As per the tenets of Service-Dominant Logic theory, consumers play an incessant role as proactive participants and collaborative stakeholders within commercial transactions. This orchestrated involvement of consumers in the process of service production enables service providers to discern and address consumer's needs, thus fortifying their competitiveness. As a result, consumers benefit from heightening service performances and competitiveness of the company. The principal aim of this study is to ascertain the foundational underpinnings of value co-creation behavior, particularly as exhibited within the context of utilizing gym services at the California Fitness Center located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. A comprehensive investigation encompassing a sample size of 315 respondents was conducted using SPSS and AMOS software. The findings of this investigation establish a robust linkage between customer participatory behavior, customer citizenship behavior, and the premise of customer co-creation conduct. However, it is noteworthy that the factor of information-seeking within customer participation did not garner empirical support. Notably, there is a relationship between active co-creator behavior and customer loyalty.

16.
Psychol Rep ; : 332941241252784, 2024 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713856

RESUMEN

This article introduces a significant advancement with the "Theory of Employee Planned Behavior" (TEPB), a novel extension of the well-established Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). The TEPB uniquely positions job satisfaction as a central determinant in driving organizational performance. Using data from county-level government institutions in the United States, this research offers a nuanced exploration into how employee satisfaction influences organizational commitment and citizenship behaviors, which, in turn, substantially impact organizational performance. Our approach utilizes a significant dataset involving 372 dyads across hierarchical levels in government institutions. Through the application of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), we rigorously validate the TEPB model. The results highlight a significant relationship where enhanced job satisfaction leads to stronger organizational commitment. This heightened commitment further fosters organizational citizenship behaviors, crucial in achieving superior organizational performance. This work notably extends the TPB model by integrating organizational performance as a consequential outcome. It also provides empirical evidence of the direct relationship between job satisfaction and organizational performance, specifically in the context of government institutions. Such findings are invaluable for organizational executives and policymakers in recognizing the paramount importance of employee satisfaction for organizational success. Overall, the TEPB model presented in this study offers a holistic and practical framework for organizations seeking to understand and effectively manage employee behavior. By focusing on job satisfaction, organizations can foster a more committed and proactive workforce, significantly improving performance and efficiency.

17.
Microb Biotechnol ; 17(5): e14456, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801001

RESUMEN

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Microbes are all pervasive in their distribution and influence on the functioning and well-being of humans, life in general and the planet. Microbially-based technologies contribute hugely to the supply of important goods and services we depend upon, such as the provision of food, medicines and clean water. They also offer mechanisms and strategies to mitigate and solve a wide range of problems and crises facing humanity at all levels, including those encapsulated in the sustainable development goals (SDGs) formulated by the United Nations. For example, microbial technologies can contribute in multiple ways to decarbonisation and hence confronting global warming, provide sanitation and clean water to the billions of people lacking them, improve soil fertility and hence food production and develop vaccines and other medicines to reduce and in some cases eliminate deadly infections. They are the foundation of biotechnology, an increasingly important and growing business sector and source of employment, and the centre of the bioeconomy, Green Deal, etc. But, because microbes are largely invisible, they are not familiar to most people, so opportunities they offer to effectively prevent and solve problems are often missed by decision-makers, with the negative consequences this entrains. To correct this lack of vital knowledge, the International Microbiology Literacy Initiative-the IMiLI-is recruiting from the global microbiology community and making freely available, teaching resources for a curriculum in societally relevant microbiology that can be used at all levels of learning. Its goal is the development of a society that is literate in relevant microbiology and, as a consequence, able to take full advantage of the potential of microbes and minimise the consequences of their negative activities. In addition to teaching about microbes, almost every lesson discusses the influence they have on sustainability and the SDGs and their ability to solve pressing problems of societal inequalities. The curriculum thus teaches about sustainability, societal needs and global citizenship. The lessons also reveal the impacts microbes and their activities have on our daily lives at the personal, family, community, national and global levels and their relevance for decisions at all levels. And, because effective, evidence-based decisions require not only relevant information but also critical and systems thinking, the resources also teach about these key generic aspects of deliberation. The IMiLI teaching resources are learner-centric, not academic microbiology-centric and deal with the microbiology of everyday issues. These span topics as diverse as owning and caring for a companion animal, the vast range of everyday foods that are produced via microbial processes, impressive geological formations created by microbes, childhood illnesses and how they are managed and how to reduce waste and pollution. They also leverage the exceptional excitement of exploration and discovery that typifies much progress in microbiology to capture the interest, inspire and motivate educators and learners alike. The IMiLI is establishing Regional Centres to translate the teaching resources into regional languages and adapt them to regional cultures, and to promote their use and assist educators employing them. Two of these are now operational. The Regional Centres constitute the interface between resource creators and educators-learners. As such, they will collect and analyse feedback from the end-users and transmit this to the resource creators so that teaching materials can be improved and refined, and new resources added in response to demand: educators and learners will thereby be directly involved in evolution of the teaching resources. The interactions between educators-learners and resource creators mediated by the Regional Centres will establish dynamic and synergistic relationships-a global societally relevant microbiology education ecosystem-in which creators also become learners, teaching resources are optimised and all players/stakeholders are empowered and their motivation increased. The IMiLI concept thus embraces the principle of teaching societally relevant microbiology embedded in the wider context of societal, biosphere and planetary needs, inequalities, the range of crises that confront us and the need for improved decisioning, which should ultimately lead to better citizenship and a humanity that is more sustainable and resilient. ABSTRACT: The biosphere of planet Earth is a microbial world: a vast reactor of countless microbially driven chemical transformations and energy transfers that push and pull many planetary geochemical processes, including the cycling of the elements of life, mitigate or amplify climate change (e.g., Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2019, 17, 569) and impact the well-being and activities of all organisms, including humans. Microbes are both our ancestors and creators of the planetary chemistry that allowed us to evolve (e.g., Life's engines: How microbes made earth habitable, 2023). To understand how the biosphere functions, how humans can influence its development and live more sustainably with the other organisms sharing it, we need to understand the microbes. In a recent editorial (Environmental Microbiology, 2019, 21, 1513), we advocated for improved microbiology literacy in society. Our concept of microbiology literacy is not based on knowledge of the academic subject of microbiology, with its multitude of component topics, plus the growing number of additional topics from other disciplines that become vitally important elements of current microbiology. Rather it is focused on microbial activities that impact us-individuals/communities/nations/the human world-and the biosphere and that are key to reaching informed decisions on a multitude of issues that regularly confront us, ranging from personal issues to crises of global importance. In other words, it is knowledge and understanding essential for adulthood and the transition to it, knowledge and understanding that must be acquired early in life in school. The 2019 Editorial marked the launch of the International Microbiology Literacy Initiative, the IMiLI. HERE, WE PRESENT: our concept of how microbiology literacy may be achieved and the rationale underpinning it; the type of teaching resources being created to realise the concept and the framing of microbial activities treated in these resources in the context of sustainability, societal needs and responsibilities and decision-making; and the key role of Regional Centres that will translate the teaching resources into local languages, adapt them according to local cultural needs, interface with regional educators and develop and serve as hubs of microbiology literacy education networks. The topics featuring in teaching resources are learner-centric and have been selected for their inherent relevance, interest and ability to excite and engage. Importantly, the resources coherently integrate and emphasise the overarching issues of sustainability, stewardship and critical thinking and the pervasive interdependencies of processes. More broadly, the concept emphasises how the multifarious applications of microbial activities can be leveraged to promote human/animal, plant, environmental and planetary health, improve social equity, alleviate humanitarian deficits and causes of conflicts among peoples and increase understanding between peoples (Microbial Biotechnology, 2023, 16(6), 1091-1111). Importantly, although the primary target of the freely available (CC BY-NC 4.0) IMiLI teaching resources is schoolchildren and their educators, they and the teaching philosophy are intended for all ages, abilities and cultural spectra of learners worldwide: in university education, lifelong learning, curiosity-driven, web-based knowledge acquisition and public outreach. The IMiLI teaching resources aim to promote development of a global microbiology education ecosystem that democratises microbiology knowledge.


Asunto(s)
Microbiología , Microbiología/educación , Humanos , Biotecnología
18.
Cogn Emot ; : 1-15, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576356

RESUMEN

Promoting interpersonal helping among coworkers is an important aim for any organisation that cares about employee well-being. Drawing on guilt aversion hypothesis, this research focuses on the power of social expectations in promoting prosocial behaviour among employees and investigates the role of anticipated guilt for failing to meet coworkers' expectations. In two preregistered studies, the effect of beneficiary expectation on benefactors' anticipated guilt and intention to help was investigated. In Study 1, Japanese participants (n = 284) recalled a situation when they helped a coworker spontaneously, and evaluated perceived beneficiary expectation to receive help, as well as anticipated guilt for not helping. Beneficiary expectation positively predicted anticipated guilt, and the effect was stronger when the beneficiary was a same-status colleague, and when interpersonal helping frequency in the organisation was low. Study 2 (n = 499) employed vignettes and manipulated beneficiary expectation. A mediational model revealed that beneficiary expectation leads to more anticipated guilt for not helping, which, in turn, increases employees' intention to help. Together, these studies show that employees are sensitive to their coworkers' expectations, and guilt-averse; therefore, interpersonal helping among employees may be promoted by establishing legitimate expectations of prosociality in the workplace.

19.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 14(4)2024 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38667072

RESUMEN

Given the dearth of systematic research and inconclusive results regarding the effectiveness of emotional intelligence (EI) training in adult training, this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of EI training. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of EI training on learning and transfer outcomes, considering underexplored moderation of social and organizational support with experimental and longitudinal research design. Training transfer was measured through changes in organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Participants self-assessed their OCB and CWB levels, while their supervisors also provided evaluations, allowing for separate analysis. Data, from a sample comprising 176 government officials, were collected across different periods and analyzed employing diverse analytical tools. The results revealed positive effects of EI training on training outcomes in both samples but positive moderation effect of social and organizational support on the effect of EI training on training outcomes was observed in the self-evaluation sample but not in the supervisor evaluation sample. The findings advance the debate on social exchange theory and organizational support theory by showing the boundary condition of their applicability. Furthermore, this study clarifies the impact of EI training on training outcomes by emphasizing the nuanced role of social and organizational support.

20.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 14(4)2024 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38667103

RESUMEN

Identified as an increasingly pivotal aspect, the benevolent extra-role characteristic of community citizenship behavior contributes to destination development efficiency and social cohesion. Based on the egoistic-altruistic motivation framework, this study investigated three motivations that propel residents to exercise community citizenship behaviors in a positive social contact context, namely self-focused, other-focused, and place-focused motivation. A conceptual model combined with positive contact, personal benefit, sympathetic understanding, place identity, and community citizenship behavior was developed and tested using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) through data from 366 residents in Kaifeng, China. The findings showed that of the three motivations for community citizenship behaviors, place identity contributed the most, and personal benefits failed to predict community citizenship behaviors. Furthermore, sympathetic understanding with tourists was most fostered by residents from the perception of positive contact with tourists. These findings offer a novel theoretical framework for scholarly investigation and provide practical insights for tourism managers regarding strategies to influence residents' community citizenship behavior.

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