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1.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 17(3): 545-550, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721500

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the effect of background diseases and number of previous intravitreal aflibercept injections (IVAIs) on immediate intraocular pressure (IOP) increase and vitreous reflux (VR) rate and to evaluate the correlation of both age and axial length with immediate IOP increase and VR rate. METHODS: This study included 105 patients with cystoid macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion, 35 patients with diabetic macular edema, 69 patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), and 12 patients with myopic choroidal neovascularization, which underwent first-time IVAI. The correlation of immediate IOP increase and VR rates with the four background diseases was investigated. Moreover, the correlation of age with immediate IOP increase and VR rate as well as correlation of axial length with immediate IOP increase and VR rate were evaluated. Further, 54 patients with nAMD were treated with IVAI>10 times (multiple IVAIs). Moreover, the correlation of immediate IOP increase and VR rates with first-time and multiple IVAIs in nAMD was determined. RESULTS: The immediate IOP increase (P=0.16) and VR rates (P=0.50) were almost similar among the four background diseases. The immediate postinjection IOP and age, VR rate and age, immediate postinjection IOP and axial length, or VR rate and axial length were not correlated in the four background diseases. The immediate IOP increase (P=0.66) and VR rates (P=0.28) did not significantly differ between first-time and multiple IVAIs in nAMD. CONCLUSION: Background diseases and number of previous IVAIs have no effect on immediate IOP increase and VR rate. Further, age and axial length have no correlation on immediate IOP increase and VR rate.

2.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 17(3): 499-508, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721516

RESUMEN

AIM: To assess effectivity and safety of trifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) and capsular tension rings in treating cataract patients with axial high myopia. METHODS: A prospective nonrandomized controlled clinical trial was conducted. Totally 98 eyes (74 patients) who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with trifocal IOLs were enrolled in the study and followed up for 2y after surgery: 46 eyes (33 patients) with capsular tension ring implantation in the long axial lengths (AL) group (260.05). The dysfunctional lens index and total modulation transfer function (MTF) average height were similar between the two groups. The postoperative internal coma aberrations in the axial high myopia eyes were significantly higher than that in the normal AL group (P<0.05). The total satisfaction score in the long AL group (91.32±2.76) was slightly higher than that in the normal AL group (90.36±3.47), but there was no difference (P=0.136). A statistically negative correlation was found between corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and dysfunctional lens index (r=-0.382, P=0.009), and between CDVA and the total MTF average height (r=-0.374, P=0.01). But there was no significant correlation between CDVA and total satisfaction score (r=0.059, P=0.696). Postoperative complications mainly presented as posterior capsular opacity (PCO), retinal detachment and cystoid macular edema. There was no difference in the incidence of fundus disease (6.5% vs 3.8%, P=0.663) or PCO (17.4% vs 7.7%, P=0.217) between the two groups at two years. CONCLUSION: The utilization of trifocal IOL and capsular tension ring implantation is beneficial for cataract patients with axial high myopia undergoing FLACS. This approach not only ensures excellent subjective feelings and objective visual quality, but also does not increase the incidence of postoperative complications.

3.
Ophthalmol Glaucoma ; 2024 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723778

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Excessive dietary sodium intake has known adverse effects on intravascular fluid volume and systemic blood pressure, which may influence intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucoma risk. This study aimed to assess the association of urinary sodium excretion, a biomarker of dietary intake, with glaucoma and related traits, and to determine whether this relationship is modified by genetic susceptibility to disease. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational and gene-environment interaction analyses in the population-based UK Biobank study. PARTICIPANTS: Up to 103 634 individuals (mean age 57 years, 51% women) with complete urinary, ocular, and covariable data. METHODS: Urine sodium:creatinine ratio (UNa:Cr; mmol:mmol) was calculated from a midstream urine sample. Ocular parameters were measured as part of a comprehensive eye examination and glaucoma case ascertainment was through a combination of self-report and linked national hospital records. Genetic susceptibility to glaucoma was calculated based on a glaucoma polygenic risk score (PRS) comprising 2 673 common genetic variants. Multivariable linear and logistic regression, adjusted for key sociodemographic, medical, anthropometric, and lifestyle factors, were used to model associations and gene-environment interactions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Corneal-compensated IOP, optical coherence tomography derived macular retinal nerve fiber layer (mRNFL) and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness, and prevalent glaucoma. RESULTS: In maximally adjusted regression models, a one standard deviation increase in UNa:Cr was associated with higher IOP (0.14mmHg; 95% CI, 0.12 to 0.17; P<0.001) and greater prevalence of glaucoma (OR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.14; P<0.001), but not mRNFL or GCIPL thickness. Compared to those with UNa:Cr in the lowest quintile, those in the highest quintile had significantly higher IOP (0.45mmHg; 95% CI, 0.36 to 0.53, P<0.001) and prevalence of glaucoma (OR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.17 to 1.45; P<0.001). Stronger associations with glaucoma (P interaction=0.001) were noted in participants with a higher glaucoma PRS. CONCLUSIONS: Urinary sodium excretion, a biomarker of dietary intake, may represent an important modifiable risk factor for glaucoma, especially in individuals at high underlying genetic risk. These findings warrant further investigation as they may have important clinical and public health implications.

4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758376

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of 14 formulas in calculating intraocular lens (IOL) power in extremely long eyes with axial length (AL) over 30.0 mm. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 211 eyes (211 patients) with ALs > 30.0 mm were successfully treated with cataract surgery without complications. Ocular biometric parameters were obtained from IOLMaster 700. Fourteen formulas were evaluated using the optimized A constants: Barrett Universal II (BUII), Kane, Emmetropia Verifying Optical (EVO) 2.0, PEARL-DGS, T2, SRK/T, Holladay 1, Holladay 2, Haigis and Wang-Koch AL adjusted formulas (SRK/Tmodified-W/K, Holladay 1modified-W/K, Holladay 1NP-modified-W/K, Holladay 2modified-W/K, Holladay 2NP-modified-W/K). The mean prediction error (PE) and standard deviation (SD), mean absolute errors (MAE), median absolute errors (MedAE), and the percentage of prediction errors (PEs) within ± 0.25 D, ± 0.50 D, ± 1.00 D were analyzed. RESULTS: The Kane formula had the smallest MAE (0.43 D) and MedAE (0.34 D). The highest percentage of PE within ± 0.25 D was for EVO 2.0 (37.91%) and the Holladay 1NP-modified-W/K formulas (37.91%). The Kane formula had the highest percentage of PEs in the range of ± 0.50, ± 0.75, ± 1.00, and ± 2.00 D. There was no significant difference in PEs within ± 0.25, ± 0.50 ± 0.75 and ± 1.00 D between BUII, Kane, EVO 2.0 and Wang-Koch AL adjusted formulas (P > .05) by using Cochran's Q test. The Holladay 2modified-W/K formula has the lowest percentage of hyperopic outcomes (29.38%). CONCLUSIONS: The BUII, Kane, EVO 2.0 and Wang-Koch AL adjusted formulas have comparable accuracy for IOL power calculation in eyes with ALs > 30.0 mm.

5.
Sleep Adv ; 5(1): zpae025, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737795

RESUMEN

In November 1965, Michel Jouvet accepted me into his laboratory in Lyon as a medical student at a time when sleep research was an adventure. After 4 years of investigations in cats, I obtained my medical doctorate. Being a military physician, I was posted to Antarctica for wintering over and was initiated by Jean Rivolier into the psychology of small isolated human groups. I recorded 180 polysomnographic (PSG) nights in eight of my companions. This was my first contribution to research on human sleep under extreme environments and conditions. I then entered René Hénane's military thermophysiology laboratory, where I analyzed thermal exchanges during human sleep in the heat. Back to the cold, I spent 2 years in Canada and analyzed sleep during the Arctic winter under the direction of Manny W. Radomski, who headed the Defense and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine and judged my PhD dissertation along with my first two mentors. Throughout my career, I worked in collaboration with Manny Radomski under the auspices of the Franco-Canadian Accord for Defence Research. We studied sleep and exercise, sleep deprivation, and recovery with and without chemical help. He also gave me support during several investigations in Africa. There, I studied normal sleep under various tropical climates (warm and dry in Niger, warm and humid in Côte d'Ivoire and Congo, temperate mid-mountain in Angola). I determined that human African trypanosomiasis, the ravaging sleeping sickness or tsetse disease, is not a hypersomnia, but a disorder of circadian rhythms, notably in the sleep-wake cycle.

6.
Natl Sci Rev ; 11(6): nwae050, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707205

RESUMEN

High intraocular pressure (IOP) is one of the high-risk pathogenic factors of glaucoma. Existing methods of IOP measurement are based on the direct interaction with the cornea. Commercial ophthalmic tonometers based on snapshot measurements are expensive, bulky, and their operation requires trained personnel. Theranostic contact lenses are easy to use, but they may block vision and cause infection. Here, we report a sensory system for IOP assessment that uses a soft indentor with two asymmetrically deployed iontronic flexible pressure sensors to interact with the eyelid-eyeball in an eye-closed situation. Inspired by human fingertip assessment of softness, the sensory system extracts displacement-pressure information for soft evaluation, achieving high accuracy IOP monitoring (>96%). We further design and custom-make a portable and wearable ophthalmic tonometer based on the sensory system and demonstrate its high efficacy in IOP screening. This sensory system paves a way towards cost-effective, robust, and reliable IOP monitoring.

7.
Clin Ophthalmol ; 18: 1143-1155, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707770

RESUMEN

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of retinal surgery on the ocular surface and corneal subbasal nerve plexus (SNP). Methods: Ninety-eight patients undergoing 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for various vitreoretinal disorders were prospectively studied. We collected detailed operative and perioperative data, measuring dry eye syndrome (DED) severity and Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores before surgery and at postoperative intervals. In vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) quantified SNP and dendritic cell (DC) densities. Results: Fifty-three patients were analyzed. Post-surgery, OSDI scores rose from a baseline of 5.5 ± 3.5 to 12.24 ± 6.5 at one month, later reducing to 7.8 ± 4.0 after a year. DED severity increased from 0.6 ± 0.6 initially to 1.6 ± 0.6 at three months, returning to near baseline (0.9 ± 0.6) one year after surgery. DC densities increased notably by the third (58.85 ± 75.6 cells/mm²) and ninth (59.95 ± 86 cells/mm²) postoperative months, especially in patients undergoing combined phacoemulsification, vitrectomy, and C3F8 gas tamponade. SNP parameters, particularly nerve fiber density and length, showed significant declines one month post-surgery, not recovering to baseline levels within a year. Fiber density dropped from 19.06 ± 8.3 fibers/mm² preoperatively to 4.68 ± 4.8 fibers/mm² at one month, partially recovering to 10.64 ± 8.2 fibers/mm² at twelve months. Fiber length decreased from 13.31 ± 3.2 mm/mm² to 6.86 ± 3.4 mm/mm² at one month, later improving to 9.81 ± 4.5 mm/mm² at twelve months, notably in patients with silicone oil (SiO2) tamponade. Conclusion: Retinal surgery, especially when combined with phacoemulsification and C3F8 or SiO2 tamponade, significantly affects ocular surface integrity and SNP density, with these changes lasting up to a year. Expanded studies with more patients and longer follow-up, using finer 25- and 27-gauge vitrectomy tools, are recommended to confirm and extend these findings.

8.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 11206721241253304, 2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710201

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Fuchs uveitis syndrome (FUS) is a chronic intraocular inflammatory disease. It can lead to glaucoma which can be intractable to both medical and surgical treatment. In the present report, we describe our experience with GATT as a primary surgical option in the treatment of glaucoma secondary to FUS. RESULTS: Four consecutive patients with FUS-associated glaucoma underwent GATT in a single institution. Case 1 was a 28-year-old pseudophakic male with a preoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) of 43 mmHg had unsuccessful circumferential cannulation; his IOP remained high after GATT and received trabeculectomy followed by Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation to control IOP. Although IOP was stable following AGV, he required descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty due to persistent corneal decompansation. He had a stable IOP of 12 mmHg over 21 months. Case 2 was a 42-year-old male with preoperative IOP of 35 mmHg and posterior subcapsular cataract had 360-degree GATT combined with phacoemulsification; his IOP reduced to 14 mmHg over 18 months. Case 3 was an 52-year-old pseudophakic male with a preoperative IOP of 28 mmHg had 360-degree GATT; his IOP remained stable at 10 mmHg over 18 months. Case 4 was an 47-year-old pseudophakic female with a preoperative IOP of 39 mmHg had 360-degree GATT; her IOP remained stable at 14 mmHg over 12 months. CONCLUSION: GATT may be used as an initial approach in secondary glaucoma due to FUS. But, further evidence is still warranted to better ascertain the usefulness of GATT in this specific patient population.

9.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 34: 102066, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741579

RESUMEN

Purpose: This case report details the diagnostic process for a patient with an initial diagnosis of scleritis who was unresponsive to typical treatment modalities, culminating in the identification of a cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CS-DAVF). The case highlights the role of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in the diagnosis of this vascular anomaly and in monitoring the response to treatment. Observations: A 45-year-old man with persistently elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular congestion in the left eye was unresponsive to treatment for scleritis. The persistent ocular symptoms and new-onset tinnitus prompted further investigation. Anterior segment OCTA revealed vascular anomalies, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a CS-DAVF. The patient underwent endovascular treatment for the CS-DAVF. This intervention led to a significant reduction in IOP in the left eye and the resolution of ocular congestion. Conclusions and importance: This case highlights the diagnostic complexities of ophthalmic symptoms that mimic those of other conditions. Furthermore, it demonstrates the essential role of anterior segment OCTA in the accurate diagnosis and effective management of CS-DAVF and highlights the need for comprehensive diagnostic approaches in ophthalmology.

10.
Clin Ophthalmol ; 18: 1277-1286, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741583

RESUMEN

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of 12 intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation formulae for eyes that have undergone both radial keratotomy (RK) and laser assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery to determine the efficacy of various IOL calculations for this unique patient group. Currently, research on this surgical topic is limited. Methods: In this retrospective study, 11 eyes from 7 individuals with a history of RK and LASIK who underwent cataract surgery at Hoopes Vision were analyzed. Preoperative biometric and corneal topographic measurements were performed. Subjective refraction was obtained postoperatively. Twelve different intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations were used: Barrett True K No History, Barrett True K (prior LASIK, Prior RK history), Barrett Universal 2, Camellin-Calossi-Camellin (3C), Double K-Modified Holladay, Haigis-L, Galilei, OCT, PEARL-DGS, Potvin-Hill, Panacea, and Shammas. Results: The rankings of mean arithmetic error (MAE), from least to greatest, were as follows: 3C (0.088), Haigis-L-L (-0.508), Shammas (-0.516), OCT Average (-0.538), Barrett True K (-0.557), OCT RK (-0.563), Galilei (-0.570), IOL Master (-0.571), OCT LASIK (-0.583), Barrett True K No History (-0.597), Pearl-DGS (-0.606), Potvin-Hill SF (-0.770), Potvin-Hill TNP (-0.778), Panacea (-0.876), and Barrett Universal 2 (-1.522). The 3C formula achieved the greatest percentage of eyes within ±0.25 D of target range (91%), while Haigis-L, Shammas, Galilei, Potvin Hill, Barrett True K, IOL Master, PEARL-DGS, and OCT formulae performed similarly, achieving 45% of eyes within ±0.75D of target refraction. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the accuracy of the lesser known 3C formula in IOL calculation, particularly for patients who have undergone both RK and LASIK. Well-known formulae, such as Haigis-L, Shammas, and Galilei, which are used by the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS), are viable options, although 3C formulae should be considered in this patient population. Furthermore, larger studies can confirm the best IOL power formulas for post-RK and LASIK cataract patients.

11.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 140(2): 40-46, 2024.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742497

RESUMEN

Extended depth of focus (EDOF) intraocular lenses (IOLs) are the latest IOL designs. In recent years, several models of EDOF IOLs have become available in Russia, two of which (Tecnis Symfony and Acrysof IQ Vivity) are implanted in our clinic. Comparative studies devoted to the results of implantation of the new EDOF IOLs are rare in the available literature. PURPOSE: This article compares the outcomes of implantation of two EDOF IOLs in patients with presbyopia and/or cataract. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prospective study included 60 patients (81 eyes) after implantation of EDOF IOL Tecnis Symfony (32 patients, 45 eyes; group 1) or EDOF IOL AcrySof IQ Vivity (28 patients, 36 eyes; group 2). The mean follow-up period was 3.9±1.3 months. RESULTS: All groups showed a significant (p<0.05) increase in uncorrected near visual acuity (UCNVA), intermediate visual acuity (UCIVA), and distance visual acuity (UCDVA) at the maximum follow-up time compared to preoperative values. In group 1, the best corrected near visual acuity (BCNVA) increased from 0.61±0.10 to 0.82±0.16 at the maximum follow-up time, and in group 2 - from 0.58±0.08 to 0.67±0.12 (p>0.05). Both groups showed a significant increase in best corrected intermediate and distance visual acuity (BCIVA and BCDVA) at the maximum follow-up time. The increase in the indicator compared to the preoperative period was not significant in both groups (p>0.05). The frequency of side optical phenomena was low in both groups. No significant differences were found between the groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: This study presents a comparative analysis of the results of implantation of two different EDOF IOLs. Both lenses were comparable in most of the studied parameters, including providing good distance and intermediate vision, functional near vision, as well as a low frequency of side optical phenomena. In all cases the patients were satisfied with the results of the surgical intervention.


Asunto(s)
Implantación de Lentes Intraoculares , Lentes Intraoculares , Presbiopía , Agudeza Visual , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Implantación de Lentes Intraoculares/métodos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Presbiopía/cirugía , Presbiopía/fisiopatología , Diseño de Prótesis , Estudios Prospectivos , Anciano , Resultado del Tratamiento , Catarata/fisiopatología , Catarata/diagnóstico , Refracción Ocular/fisiología , Percepción de Profundidad/fisiología , Federación de Rusia
12.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 140(2): 54-62, 2024.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742499

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study analyzes the influence of various factors on the hypotensive effect of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of the SLT effect was performed in 582 patients (756 eyes; mean age - 71.9±9.5 years) with POAG stages I-III. The level of intraocular pressure (IOP) decrease was assessed at 1 day, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after SLT. The relationship between the hypotensive effect and age, gender, glaucoma stage, initial IOP level, number and type of instilled drugs, presence of intraocular lenses, and the surgeon performing the intervention were analyzed. RESULTS: In the entire sample, the hypotensive effect of SLT after 1 day was 4.1±3.4 mm Hg, after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months - 3.7±4.8; 3.5±3.8; 3.1±3.4 and 2.3±3.8 mm Hg, respectively. The hypotensive effect of SLT was most dependent on the preoperative IOP level (R>0.64, p<0.05). No significant correlation was found between the hypotensive effect and the stage of POAG, gender, age, number of hypotensive drugs, phakia/aphakia, and the surgeon. A weaker hypotensive effect of SLT was found in eyes receiving monotherapy with α2-adrenoceptor agonists (p<0.03) and a combination of four drugs (p<0.02). CONCLUSION: SLT is an effective method of additional IOP reduction in POAG at any stage and with any hypotensive regimen. At the same time, the results of its use in real clinical practice indicate the need for more careful IOP control after the procedure, especially in eyes with POAG stage III, as well as in eyes without hypotensive therapy and on the maximum drop regimen.


Asunto(s)
Glaucoma de Ángulo Abierto , Presión Intraocular , Terapia por Láser , Trabeculectomía , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ángulo Abierto/cirugía , Glaucoma de Ángulo Abierto/fisiopatología , Trabeculectomía/métodos , Femenino , Masculino , Anciano , Presión Intraocular/fisiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Terapia por Láser/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Persona de Mediana Edad , Antihipertensivos/uso terapéutico
13.
Vet Ophthalmol ; 2024 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747039

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of alfaxalone, medetomidine, and xylazine on intraocular pressure (IOP) in domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica). ANIMALS STUDIED: Eight 12-month-old pigeons (16 eyes). PROCEDURES: The pigeons were randomly assigned to three treatment groups (10 mg/kg of alfaxalone, 0.2 mg/kg of medetomidine, or 10 mg/kg of xylazine) with a 7-day washout period. The IOP was measured using a rebound tonometer and calibrated using the formula y = 0.439x + 2.059, where y is the tonometric IOP and x is the actual IOP. RESULTS: All three drugs significantly reduced IOP. Alfaxalone led to the least reduction at 5.2 mm Hg, medetomidine reduced IOP to 12.5 mm Hg, whereas xylazine resulted in the greatest reduction at 15.3 mm Hg. Alfaxalone achieved its maximum IOP reduction in 6 min, whereas medetomidine and xylazine required 95 and 115 min, respectively. Both alpha-2 agonists, medetomidine, and xylazine, showed a prolonged duration of effect and a greater reduction in IOP than those of alfaxalone. All three medications provided adequate sedation without any discernible adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: The findings revealed the varied effects of these drugs on IOP in pigeons, potentially providing valuable insights that could be useful for broader applications in veterinary medicine.

14.
Cureus ; 16(4): e58223, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745798

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Evaluation of anterior segment parameters is crucial in ophthalmic procedures such as intraocular surgeries and contact lens fitting. However, the use of tropicamide in diabetic patients presents challenges due to its potential impact on biometric measurements. This study aims to investigate and compare the effects of 0.5% and 1% tropicamide on anterior segment parameters in diabetic patients. METHODS: This double-masked randomized clinical trial enrolled 98 patients with diabetes mellitus. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either 0.5% or 1% tropicamide. Anterior segment parameters were measured using Pentacam HR (Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany) before and 30 minutes after tropicamide administration. Parameters included anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber angle (ACA), keratometry, central corneal thickness (CCT), white-to-white distance (WTW), and pupillary diameter (PD). RESULTS: Both concentrations of 0.5% and 1% tropicamide induced significant changes in anterior segment parameters. There was a notable increase in PD (2.99 ± 0.62, 3.11 ± 0.55, respectively, both P-values < 0.001), ACD (both 0.10 ± 0.05, both P-values < 0.001), ACV (16.69 ± 9.56, 17.51 ± 9.26, respectively, both P-values < 0.001), and WTW (0.06 ± 0.14, 0.03 ± 0.30, respectively, both P-values < 0.001), along with a decrease in ACA (-3.50 ± 10.65, -3.30 ± 6.87, P-value < 0.001 and P-value=0.001, respectively), and CCT (-6.10 ± 8.06, -6.39 ± 9.97, respectively, both P-values < 0.001) post-dilation. However, no significant changes were observed in keratometry (front Km (-0.03 ± 0.19, -0.04 ± 0.21, respectively), back Km (0.01 ± 0.05, 0.004 ± 0.05, respectively), P-values> 0.05). CONCLUSION: Both concentrations of tropicamide exhibited comparable effects on anterior segment parameters in diabetic patients. These post-dilation changes should be considered for accurate intraocular lens power calculation and decision-making for cataract, phakic intraocular lens, and refractive surgeries.

15.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(4): 660-665, 2024 Apr 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708498

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different ventilation strategies on intraocular pressure (IOP) and intracranial pressure in patients undergoing spinal surgery in the prone position under general anesthesia. METHODS: Seventy-two patients undergoing prone spinal surgery under general anesthesia between November, 2022 and June, 2023 were equally randomized into two groups to receive routine ventilation (with Vt of 8mL/kg, Fr of 12-15/min, and etCO2 maintained at 35-40 mmHg) or small tidal volume hyperventilation (Vt of 6 mL/kg, Fr of18-20/min, and etCO2 maintained at 30-35 mmHg) during the surgery. IOP of both eyes (measured with a handheld tonometer), optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD; measured at 3 mm behind the eyeball with bedside real-time ultrasound), circulatory and respiratory parameters of the patients were recorded before anesthesia (T0), immediately after anesthesia induction (T1), immediately after prone positioning (T2), at 2 h during operation (T3), immediately after supine positioning after surgery (T4) and 30 min after the operation (T5). RESULTS: Compared with those at T1, IOP and ONSD in both groups increased significantly at T3 and T4(P < 0.05). IOP was significantly lower in hyperventilation group than in routine ventilation group at T3 and T4(P < 0.05), and ONSD was significantly lower in hyperventilation group at T4(P < 0.05). IOP was positively correlated with the length of operative time (r=0.779, P < 0.001) and inversely with intraoperative etCO2 at T3(r=-0.248, P < 0.001) and T4(r=-0.251, P < 0.001).ONSD was correlated only with operation time (r=0.561, P < 0.05) and not with IOP (r=0.178, P>0.05 at T3; r=0.165, P>0.05 at T4). CONCLUSION: Small tidal volume hyperventilation can relieve the increase of IOP and ONSD during prone spinal surgery under general anesthesia.


Asunto(s)
Anestesia General , Hiperventilación , Presión Intraocular , Volumen de Ventilación Pulmonar , Humanos , Posición Prona , Presión Intraocular/fisiología , Anestesia General/métodos , Presión Intracraneal , Columna Vertebral/cirugía , Femenino , Masculino , Respiración Artificial/métodos , Hipertensión Intracraneal/cirugía , Hipertensión Intracraneal/etiología
16.
Biomaterials ; 309: 122593, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713971

RESUMEN

Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is a predominant postoperative complication, often leading to visual impairment due to the aberrant proliferation and adhesion of lens epithelial cells (LECs) and protein precipitates subsequent to intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. To address this clinical issue, a foldable and antifouling sharp-edged IOL implant based on naturally-derived cellulose hydrogel is synthesized. The mechanical strength and transparency of the hydrogel is enhanced via repeated freeze-thaw (FT) cycles. The incorporated zwitterionic modifications can remarkably prevent the incidence of PCO by exhibiting proteins repulsion and cell anti-adhesion properties. The graft of dopamine onto both the haptic and the periphery of the posterior surface ensures the adhesion of the hydrogel to the posterior capsule and impedes the migration of LECs without compromising transparency. In in vivo study, the zwitterionic modified foldable hydrogel exhibits uveal and capsular biocompatibility synchronously with no signs of inflammatory response and prevent PCO formation, better than that of commercialized and PEG-modified IOL. With foldability, endurability, antifouling effect, and adhesive to posterior capsule, the reported hydrogel featuring heterogeneous surface design displays great potential to eradicate PCO and attain post-operative efficacy after cataract surgery.

17.
Ophthalmol Ther ; 2024 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734806

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work is to compare 20 intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation formulas in medium-long eyes (24.50-25.99 mm) in terms of root mean square absolute error (RMSAE), median absolute error (MedAE), and percentage of eyes with prediction error (PE) within ± 0.50 D. METHODS: The data of patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification between January 2017 and September 2023 were reviewed. Pre-surgery IOL power was calculated using Holladay1, SRK/T, Hoffer Q, Holladay 2, and Haigis. Three months after phacoemulsification, refraction was measured. Post-surgery IOL power calculations were performed utilizing the following formulas: Barrett Universal II, Kane, K6, Olsen (OLCR), Olsen (standalone), PEARL-DGS, Ladas Super Formula AI (LSF AI), T2, EVO, VRF, Hoffer QST, Castrop, VRF-G, Karmona, and Naeser 2. RMSAE, MedAE, and percentage of eyes with PE within ± 0.25 D, ± 0.50 D, ± 0.75 D and ± 1.00 were calculated. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-four eyes with axial length ranges between 24.52 and 25.97 mm were studied. The SRK/T formula yielded the lowest RMSAE (0.206) just before Holladay 1 (0.260) and T2 (0.261). In terms of MedAE, the best outcome was obtained by SRK/T (0.12) followed by Barrett Universal II (0.15) and LSF AI (0.15). The highest percentage of eyes with prediction error within ± 0.50 D was achieved by SRK/T, T2, and Holladay 1 (97.58, 93.55, and 93.55%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Third-generation formulas (SRK/T, Holladay 1) provided highly accurate outcomes in medium-long eyes and still can be wildly used to calculate IOL power.

18.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 2024 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703799

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To review the current and future approaches to investigating the intraocular immune response in human uveitis. DESIGN: Perspective METHODS: Review of currently available methods for investigating the immune response in ocular tissues and fluids in patients with intraocular inflammation/ uveitis. The advantages and disadvantages of human studies have been compared to those of animal models of uveitis. RESULTS: Animal models, while being excellent tools for mechanistic studies, do not replicate the clinical and immunological heterogeneity of human uveitis. Opportunities for immunological studies in human uveitis are mostly limited to histological studies, or sampling of intraocular fluids and peripheral blood. Histopathological studies can be enhanced by revisiting published historical data, tissue repositories or autopsy specimens. Intraocular fluids can be investigated by a variety of techniques. Among these, flow cytometry and single cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq) provide single cell resolution. While the current technology is costly and labor-intensive, scRNAseq is less limited by the low cellular yield from intraocular fluids and allows unbiased immune profiling enabling discovery of new cellular subsets. Immunological phenotypes uncovered from human data can be further investigated in animal studies. CONCLUSION: The diversity of the intraocular immune response in uveitis patients remains challenging but can be studied by multiple techniques including histopathology, flow cytometry and scRNAseq. Human data can be combined with animal studies for translating uveitis research into novel therapies.

19.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e29780, 2024 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699005

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate and compare the magnitude of intraocular lens (IOL) decentration and tilt following conventional and femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) using swept-source anterior optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we enrolled patients who underwent conventional cataract surgery or FLACS with the implantation of hydrophobic 1-piece monofocal IOL. The magnitude of IOL decentration and tilt were measured using SS-OCT. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure, spherical equivalent, axial length, contrast sensitivity, and satisfaction questionnaire were evaluated before and one-month post-surgery. Additionally, postoperative internal cylinder measurements were obtained using a wavefront aberrometer. Correlation factors between each parameter and IOL decentration or tilt were analyzed. Results: This study included 100 eyes from 100 patients. Mean IOL decentration and tilt were 0.21 ± 0.13 mm and 5.01 ± 1.49°, respectively. Conventional cataract surgery (versus FLACS, P = 0.001) and male sex (versus female, P = 0.047) were significantly correlated with higher postoperative decentration. Preoperative lens diameter (P < 0.001), preoperative lens tilt (P = 0.007), and preoperative intraocular pressure (P = 0.027) were correlated with higher postoperative tilt. Fifty eyes that underwent FLACS demonstrated mean postoperative decentration of 0.21 ± 0.13 mm and tilt of 4.64 ± 1.48°. Compared with the conventional surgery group, the FLACS group significantly differed in postoperative decentration (0.30 ± 0.12 mm, P < 0.001) but not in tilt (5.03 ± 1.35°, P = 0.173). Postoperative visual acuity did not significantly differ between the two groups. Conclusion: Patients who underwent FLACS demonstrated better IOL decentration and tilt than those who underwent conventional cataract surgery one-month post-surgery. However, differences in IOL decentration and tilt did not affect postoperative visual acuity.

20.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; : 1-8, 2024 May 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776468

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To describe long-term efficacy and safety of oral valganciclovir in the treatment of presumed cytomegalovirus (CMV) unilateral hypertensive anterior uveitis. METHODS: Retrospective review of 40 patients (40 eyes). RESULTS: All patients presented with high intraocular pressure (mean 39.35 ± 7.58 mmHg), associated with signs of mild anterior uveitis. Oral valganciclovir resulted in control of the intraocular pressures and inflammation in 35 eyes. At the dose of ≥450 mg twice daily, no relapses were documented. The follow-up period ranged from 12 to 108 months (24.45 ± 14.56). At the final follow-up, the intraocular pressure was reduced to 14.92 ± 2.43 mmHg (<0.001). Drug-related complications in the form of leukopenia and azoospermia were reported in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: Oral valganciclovir effectively and safely controls intraocular pressure and inflammation in presumed CMV anterior uveitis. A long-term treatment course seems necessary.

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