Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 214.724
Filtrar
1.
An. psicol ; 40(2): 272-279, May-Sep, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-232721

RESUMEN

Introduction: The scientific evidence regarding the effects of online social media use on the well-being of adolescents is mixed. In gen-eral, passive uses (receiving, viewing content without interacting) and more screen time are related to lower well-being when compared with active uses (direct interactions and interpersonal exchanges). Objectives:This study ex-amines the types and motives for social media usage amongst adolescents, differentiating them by gender identity and sexual orientation, as well as its effects on eudaimonic well-being and minority stress. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1259 adolescents, aged 14 to 19 (M= 16.19; SD= 1.08), analysing the Scale of Motives for Using Social Net-working Sites, eudaimonic well-being, the Sexual Minority Adolescent Stress Inventory, screen time and profile type. Results:The results found that longer use time is related to finding partners, social connection and friendships; that gay and bisexual (GB) adolescents perceive more distal stressors online;and that females have higher levels of well-being. Discus-sion: The public profiles of GB males increase self-expression, although minority stress can be related to discrimination, rejection or exclusion. Dif-ferentiated socialization may contribute to a higher level of well-being in females, with both active and passive uses positively effecting eudaimonic well-being in adolescents.(AU)


Introduction: The scientific evidence regarding the effects of online social media use on the well-being of adolescents is mixed. In general, passive uses (receiving, viewing content without interacting) and more screen time are related to lower well-being when compared with active uses (direct interactions and interpersonal exchanges). Objectives: This study examines the types and motives for social media usage amongst adolescents, differentiating them by gender identity and sexual orientation, as well as its effects on eudaimonic well-being and minority stress. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1259 adolescents, aged 14 to 19 (M = 16.19; SD = 1.08), analysing the Scale of Motives for Using Social Networking Sites, eudaimonic well-being, the Sexual Minority Adolescent Stress Inventory, screen time and profile type. Results: The results found that longer use time is related to finding partners, social connection and friendships; that gay and bisexual (GB) adolescents perceive more distal stressors online; and that females have higher levels of well-being. Discussion: The public profiles of GB males increase self-expression, although minority stress can be related to discrimination, rejection or exclusion. Differentiated socialization may contribute to a higher level of well-being in females, with both active and passive uses positively effecting eudaimonic well-being in adolescents.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Redes Sociales en Línea , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Salud del Adolescente , Psicología del Adolescente , Motivación
2.
J Sport Rehabil ; : 1-10, 2024 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843862

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Mindfulness interventions (yoga, meditation) in traumatic brain injury populations show promising improvements in injury outcomes. However, most studies include all injury severities and use in-person, general programming lacking accessibility and specificity to the nuance of concussion. Therefore, this study investigated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an online, concussion-focused meditation intervention among young adults with a concussion history. DESIGN: Unblinded, single-arm, pilot intervention. METHODS: Fifteen young adults aged 18 to 30 with a concussion history within the past 5 years completed 10 to 20 minutes per day of online, guided meditations for 6 weeks. Feasibility was assessed using the Feasibility of Intervention Measure. Concussion symptoms were measured using the Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptom Questionnaire, perceived stress the Perceived Stress Scale-10, and mindfulness the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics described the study sample and determined intervention adherence and feasibility. Paired sample t tests were used to examine preintervention/postintervention changes in concussion symptoms, perceived stress, and mindfulness, with descriptive statistics further detailing significant t tests. RESULTS: Fifteen participants were enrolled, and 12 completed the intervention. The majority completed 5+ days per week of the meditations, and Feasibility of Intervention Measure (17.4 [1.8]) scores indicated high feasibility. Concussion symptom severity significantly decreased after completing the meditation intervention (11.3 [10.3]) compared with before the intervention (24.5 [17.2]; t[11] = 3.0, P = .01). The number of concussion symptoms reported as worse than before their concussion significantly decreased after completing the meditation intervention (2.7 [3.9]) compared with before the intervention (8.0 [5.7]; t[11] = 3.7, P = .004). Postintervention, 83.33% (n = 10) reported lower concussion symptom severity, and 75.00% (n = 9) reported less concussion symptoms as a mild, moderate, or severe problem (ie, worse than before injury). CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest positive adherence and feasibility of the meditation intervention, with the majority reporting concussion symptom improvement postintervention. Future research is necessary to expand these pilot findings into a large trial investigating concussion-specific meditation programming.

3.
Clin Exp Optom ; : 1-7, 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844079

RESUMEN

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Colour overlays and lenses are used to relieve symptoms in some patients diagnosed with visual stress, but evidence to support this practice is lacking. In this small randomised crossover trial, a range of colours are beneficial and precise colour specification does not enhance this effect. BACKGROUND: This randomised, double-masked crossover trial aimed to test effectiveness of precisely selected lens tints for visual stress. METHODS: Twenty-nine participants aged 11 to 72 (mean 30) years diagnosed with visual stress were issued with their selected coloured overlay then with tinted lenses at two colour settings. An eye examination and coloured overlay test were followed by intuitive colorimetry to select a colour to minimise symptoms (optimal tint) and the closest setting at which the symptoms returned (sub-optimal, or placebo tint). The tints were worn for one month each in randomised order. Reading speed was measured using the Wilkins Rate of Reading Test, a subjective scale was used to gauge symptoms, and the patient was asked to indicate whether one of the tints alleviated their symptoms more than the other. RESULTS: Reading speed was significantly higher with colour than without (p < 0.001), but was similar with the overlay and both tints (p = 1.0). Discomfort/distortion rating (1-7) was lower with colour than without (p < 0.001), but no difference was found between the overlay and both tints (p > 0.1). About half (47%) of the patients preferred/strongly preferred their optimal tint, and 39% preferred/strongly preferred their sub-optimal tint, while 14% had no preference. CONCLUSIONS: While our patients read more quickly and were more comfortable when using a tint, there was no difference in outcome between the optimal and sub-optimal tints. These results suggest that for patients diagnosed with visual stress, precision tints are no more helpful than sub-optimal, placebo tints.

4.
J Affect Disord ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844167

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Greater difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) and decreased use of adaptive ER strategies have been associated with higher levels of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. To date, limited research has explored whether ER improves with PTSD treatment or whether such improvements are linked with improvements in PTSD symptoms. METHODS: Veterans and service members with PTSD (N = 223) participated in a 2-week intensive treatment program (ITP) based in Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT). ER was measured using the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Short Form (DERS-SF) at baseline and on days 4 and 9 of treatment. PTSD symptoms were reported on the PTSD Symptom Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) at baseline, on days 3, 5, 6, and 8 of treatment, and at post-treatment. RESULTS: DERS-SF scores decreased during treatment (Mchange = 5.12, d = 0.38). Baseline DERS-SF did not predict overall PCL-5 scores across timepoints (p = .377). However, scores on the DERS-SF over time were significantly associated with PCL-5 improvement over the course of treatment (p < .001, R2b = 0.07). Finally, improvement in all subscores of the DERS-SF across time except clarity were significantly associated with improvement in PCL-5 over time. LIMITATIONS: Additional treatment components in the ITP beyond CPT may have contributed to ER improvements. Conclusions are also limited by the use of self-report data. CONCLUSIONS: An intensive CPT-based treatment program for veterans and service members can lead to improved ER in two weeks. ER improvements are associated with PTSD symptom severity during the ITP.

5.
Reprod Sci ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844725

RESUMEN

Diabetes linked reproductive complications are rising problems nowadays. The study focused on the protective efficacy of Aloe vera (L.) on sperm cell damage in an oxidative stress milieu encumbered by a chronic diabetes in human and streptozotocin treated Wistar rat (Rattus norvegicus). Spermatozoa from rat's epididymal washing, and human semen after 3-4 days of abstinence of mating or masturbation were collected from control and diabetes groups. Spermatozoa of human and rat were incubated for 1 or 2 h at 370C in an in-vitro medium separately and considered as normo-glycemic control and diabetes sub-groups. Dose of 1 or, 2 or, 4 mg/ml of Aloe vera (L.) hydro-ethanolic (40:60) extract (AVHE) was given to diabetes samples, considered as sub-sub-group for assessing its protective effect on spermiological and oxidative stress parameters. The motility, viability, plasma membrane integrity, nuclear chromatin decondensation for DNA fragmentation, acrosome cap status, and antioxidative status of human and rat spermatozoa were decreased whereas spermatozoal apoptosis was elevated significantly (p < 0.05), noted by TUNEL assay in diabetes samples compared to the duration-matched control group. Exposure of AVHE to diabetes samples resulted significant rectification (p < 0.05) in the said parameters than the unexposed diabetes group. In control group, AVHE exposure has significant protective effect from spermiological deterioration compared to unexposed control group. Identification of major phytomolecules in AVHE was done by LC-MS study. Diabetes-induced oxidative stress-mediated spermatozoal injuries can be protected by AVHE extract, raise the possibility for potentiating sperm of human for increasing the success rate of in-vitro fertilization-blastocyst implantation.

6.
Urol Oncol ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845297

RESUMEN

Patient complications and adverse outcomes are inherent to surgical practice and training. In addition to the impact on patients, there are profound and well-documented impacts of complications on surgeons, surgical trainees, and surgical teams. This manuscript reviews the literature regarding mindfulness-based practices and the associated mitigation of the adverse impact of complications. These mindfulness-based practices prepare surgeons for complications by improving mental and cognitive resilience facilitating more effective management of complications that avoids undue psychological and emotional stress. Practical recommendations are provided for the practicing surgeon from providers experienced in mindfulness-based training and preparation.

7.
Trends Mol Med ; 2024 May 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845326

RESUMEN

Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is a widely prevalent heart disorder in need of pharmacological interventions. Calcified areas in aortic valves often contain amyloid fibrils that promote calcification in vitro. This opinion paper suggests that amyloid contributes to CAVD development; amyloid-assisted nucleation can accelerate hydroxyapatite deposition onto collagen matrix. Notably, acidic arrays in amyloid match calcium-calcium spacing in the amorphous hydroxyapatite precursor, while oscillating hemodynamic perturbations promote amyloid deposition in the valve. Lipoprotein(a), a genetic risk factor for CAVD, augments calcification via several mechanisms, wherein hydrolysis of oxidized phospholipids (oxPLs) by Lp(a)-associated enzymes helps generate orthophosphate, and apolipoprotein(a) blocks plasmin-induced fibril degradation. Current studies of amyloid-calcium-collagen interactions in solution and in fibrillar complexes allow deeper insight into the role of amyloid in calcification.

8.
Ann Bot ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845347

RESUMEN

Plant senescence is an integrated program of plant development that aims to remobilize nutrients and energy from senescing tissues to developing organs under developmental and stress-induced conditions. Upstream in the regulatory network, a small family of single-stranded DNA/RNA-binding proteins known as WHIRLYs occupy a central node, acting at multiple regulatory levels and via trans-localization between the nucleus and organelles. In this review, we summarize the current progress on the role of WHIRLY members in plant development and stress-induced senescence. WHIRLY proteins can be traced back in evolution to green algae. WHIRLY proteins trade off the balance of plant developmental senescence and stress-induced senescence through maintaining organelle genome stability via R-loop homeostasis, repressing the transcription at a configuration condition, recruiting RNA to impact organelle RNA editing and splicing, as evidenced in several species, WHIRLY proteins also act as retrograde signal transducers between organelles and the nucleus through protein modification and stromule or vesicle trafficking. In addition, WHIRLY proteins interact with hormones, ROS and environmental signals to orchestrate cell fate in an age-dependent manner. Finally, prospects for further research and promotion to improve crop production under environmental constraints are highlighted.

9.
Toxicol Mech Methods ; : 1-18, 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845370

RESUMEN

For economic purposes, cooking oil is repeatedly heated in food preparation, which imposes serious health threats. This study investigated the detrimental effects of multiple-heated cooking oil (MHO) on hepatic and renal tissues with particular focusing on cellular senescence (CS), and the potential regenerative capacity of oleuropein (OLE). Adult male rats were fed MHO-enriched diet for 8 weeks and OLE (50 mg/kg, PO) was administered daily for the last four weeks. Liver and kidney functions and oxidative stress markers were measured. Cell cycle markers p53, p21, cyclin D, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were evaluated in hepatic and renal tissues. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and Bax were assessed by immunohistochemistry. General histology and collagen deposition were also examined.MHO disturbed hepatic and renal structures and functions. MHO-fed rats showed increased oxidative stress, TNF-α, Bax, and fibrosis in liver and kidney tissues. MHO also enhanced the renal and hepatic expression of p53, p21, cyclin D and PCNA. On the contrary, OLE mitigated MHO-induced oxidative stress, inflammatory burden, apoptotic and fibrotic changes. OLE also suppressed CS and preserved kidney and liver functions. Collectively, OLE displays marked regenerative capacity against MHO-induced hepatic and renal CS, via its potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

10.
J Sleep Res ; : e14269, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845413

RESUMEN

Military veterans have high rates of psychiatric conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder, which can complicate the clinical management of insomnia. Population-based data are lacking on the prevalence, characteristics and mental health burden of veterans with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder and insomnia. The current cross-sectional study analysed data from a nationally representative sample of 4069 US veterans examining the prevalence and comorbidity between posttraumatic stress disorder and insomnia, and their associations with psychiatric and medical comorbidities, suicidality, and psychosocial functioning. Results revealed that 4.0% of US veterans screened positive for posttraumatic stress disorder + insomnia, 7.4% for insomnia only, and 3.2% for posttraumatic stress disorder only. Compared with controls, higher odds of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder were observed in the posttraumatic stress disorder + insomnia and posttraumatic stress disorder only groups. Moreover, compared with the control group, posttraumatic stress disorder + insomnia and posttraumatic stress disorder only groups had higher odds of current suicidal ideation, while the posttraumatic stress disorder + insomnia group had also higher odds of attempting suicide. Relative to the posttraumatic stress disorder only group, the posttraumatic stress disorder + insomnia group scored substantially lower on measures of cognitive, emotional and social functioning (d = 1.05, 1.04 and 0.87, respectively). This study provides contemporary data regarding current prevalence, correlates, and psychiatric and functional burden of posttraumatic stress disorder + insomnia among US veterans. The results underscore the importance of assessing, monitoring and treating posttraumatic stress disorder and insomnia as part of the efforts to mitigate suicide risk and promote multi-domain functioning in this population.

12.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 42(4): e4070, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845544

RESUMEN

In this study, we report the cardioprotective effect of the glycerol monooleate (GMO) based nanocurcumin in both in vitro and in vivo conditions under a hyperthyroid state. The heart is one of the primary target organs sensitive to the action of thyroid hormone, and slight variations in the thyroid hormone serum concentrations result in measurable changes in cardiac performance. Hyperthyroidism-induced hypermetabolism is associated with oxidative stress and is an important mechanism responsible for the progression of heart failure. Curcumin has been known to play a protective role against oxidative stress-related diseases like Alzheimer's, asthma, and aging due to its antioxidant properties. Nevertheless, its potent biological activity has been hindered due to its poor bioavailability. To overcome this drawback, a GMO-based biodegradable nanoparticle (NP) formulation loaded with curcumin has been developed, and the protective effect of curcumin-loaded NPs was compared against the native drug. Oxidative stress parameters like reactive oxygen species (ROS) release, change in mitochondrial membrane permeability, lipid peroxidation (LPx), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and the activity and protein expression of the endogenous antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase, catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase were evaluated. The results from in vitro showed that curcumin-loaded NPs showed better DPPH and NO radical scavenging activity than native curcumin in a concentrations range of 2.5-20 µM. It was also observed that the nanoparticulate curcumin was comparatively more effective than native curcumin in protecting against ROS-induced membrane damage by reducing LPx and LDH leakage at low concentrations of 5-10 µM. Further, curcumin NPs performed better in facilitating the activities of antioxidant enzymes under in vitro and in vivo conditions with respect to time and concentrations, resulting in reduced cellular ROS levels. In this scenario, we anticipate that curcumin-loaded NPs can serve as a better antioxidant than its native counterpart in protecting the heart from oxidative stress-related diseases.


Asunto(s)
Curcumina , Nanopartículas , Estrés Oxidativo , Ratas Wistar , Curcumina/farmacología , Curcumina/química , Animales , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Nanopartículas/química , Ratas , Masculino , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Miocardio/metabolismo , Miocardio/patología , Corazón/efectos de los fármacos , Peroxidación de Lípido/efectos de los fármacos
14.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 172-178, 2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847033

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore the biomarkers and potential mechanisms of chronic restraint stress-induced myocardial injury in hyperlipidemia ApoE-/- mice. METHODS: The hyperlipidemia combined with the chronic stress model was established by restraining the ApoE-/- mice. Proteomics and bioinformatics techniques were used to describe the characteristic molecular changes and related regulatory mechanisms of chronic stress-induced myocardial injury in hyperlipidemia mice and to explore potential diagnostic biomarkers. RESULTS: Proteomic analysis showed that there were 43 significantly up-regulated and 58 significantly down-regulated differentially expressed proteins in hyperlipidemia combined with the restraint stress group compared with the hyperlipidemia group. Among them, GBP2, TAOK3, TFR1 and UCP1 were biomarkers with great diagnostic potential. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis indicated that ferroptosis was a significant pathway that accelerated the myocardial injury in hyperlipidemia combined with restraint stress-induced model. The mmu_circ_0001567/miR-7a/Tfr-1 and mmu_circ_0001042/miR-7a/Tfr-1 might be important circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks related to ferroptosis in this model. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic restraint stress may aggravate myocardial injury in hyperlipidemia mice via ferroptosis. Four potential biomarkers are selected for myocardial injury diagnosis, providing a new direction for sudden cardiac death (SCD) caused by hyperlipidemia combined with the restraint stress.


Asunto(s)
Apolipoproteínas E , Biomarcadores , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Hiperlipidemias , Restricción Física , Animales , Hiperlipidemias/metabolismo , Hiperlipidemias/complicaciones , Ratones , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Proteómica/métodos , Estrés Psicológico/complicaciones , MicroARNs/metabolismo , MicroARNs/genética , Ferroptosis , Masculino , Miocardio/metabolismo , Miocardio/patología , Ratones Noqueados , Proteína Desacopladora 1/metabolismo , Biología Computacional
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847145

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Macrovascular lesions are the main cause of death and disability in diabetes mellitus, and excessive accumulation of cholesterol and lipids can lead to long-term and repeated damage of vascular endothelial cells. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) can attenuate vascular endothelial damage in type 1 diabetic mice, while Fufang Xueshuantong capsule (FXC) has a protective effect on endothelial function; however, whether FXC in combination with UCMSCs can improve T2DM macrovascular lesions as well as its mechanism of action are not clear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to reveal the role of FXC + UCMSCs in T2DM vasculopathy and their potential mechanism in the treatment of T2DM. METHODS: The control and T2DM groups were intragastrically administered with equal amounts of saline, the UCMSCs group was injected with UCMSCs (1×106, resuspended cells with 0.5 mL PBS) in the tail vein, the FXC group was intragastrically administered with 0.58 g/kg FXC, and the UCMSCs + FXC group was injected with UCMSCs (1×106) in the tail vein, followed by FXC (0.58 g/kg), for 8 weeks. RESULTS: We found that FXC+UCMSCs effectively reduced lipid levels (TG, TC, and LDL-C) and ameliorated aortic lesions in T2DM rats. Meanwhile, Nrf2 and HO-1 expression were upregulated. We demonstrated that inhibition of Nrf-2 expression blocked the inhibitory effect of FXC+UCMSCs-CM on apoptosis and oxidative stress injury. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that FXC+UCMSCs may attenuate oxidative stress injury and macroangiopathy in T2DM by activating the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Trasplante de Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2 , Estrés Oxidativo , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Transducción de Señal , Animales , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Estrés Oxidativo/fisiología , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Transducción de Señal/fisiología , Ratas , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Trasplante de Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamiento farmacológico , Masculino , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/efectos de los fármacos , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/metabolismo , Cordón Umbilical/citología , Angiopatías Diabéticas/metabolismo , Angiopatías Diabéticas/prevención & control , Angiopatías Diabéticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Angiopatías Diabéticas/patología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Hemo Oxigenasa (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Células Cultivadas
16.
Curr Vasc Pharmacol ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847159

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is associated with endothelial dysfunction. An imbalance in the production of Nitric Oxide (NO) and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), leading to impaired NO-cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) pathway, contributes to this disorder. Red Yeast Rice (RYR), produced from the fermentation of rice with Monascus purpureus, is a traditional functional food originating from China. Although recognized for its anti-dyslipidemia properties, there has been growing evidence regarding the anti-hypertensive effects of RYR. However, these studies only focused on its direct and short-term effects. AIM: This study aims to investigate the vasoprotective effects of chronic oral RYR administration using Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SHR were randomly divided into 3 groups: SHR - Control; SHR - RYR extract (100 mg/kg/day); SHR - lovastatin (10 mg/kg/day). Wistar-Kyoto Rats (WKY) were used as normotensive controls. All animals were treated for 12 weeks by oral gavage. Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) was measured weekly (tail-cuff method). Vascular reactivity was determined using isolated rat aortic rings in an organ bath. Aortic ROS, NO, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4 ), and cGMP levels were evaluated. RESULTS: Administration of RYR attenuated SBP elevation and enhanced endothelium-dependent vasodilation in aortic rings. In addition, RYR decreased ROS production and significantly improved the level of vascular NO, BH4, and cGMP. CONCLUSION: In an SHR model, treatment with RYR for 12 weeks exerts an SBP lowering effect that can be attributed to improved vascular function via reduction of oxidative stress, decreased endothelial NO Synthase (eNOS) uncoupling and enhanced NO-cGMP pathway.

17.
Phytother Res ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847155

RESUMEN

Continuing research is being conducted on novel preventive and therapeutic drugs for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Daidzein has shown potential beneficial effects regarding various CVDs and risk factors. However, data in this regard are inconsistent, and there is an urge to accumulate. Therefore, we reviewed the effects of daidzein and daidzin on CVDs. We conducted a search through Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Science from inception up to October 2023 to find studies with the primary intention of assessing the impacts of daidzein and daidzin on cardiovascular disease in various in vitro, animal, and clinical settings. In vitro and animal studies showed that daidzein and daidzin are effective in terms of reducing inflammation, oxidative stress, hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction, thromboembolism, hypertension, and aneurysms. However, clinical studies only confirmed a relatively small portion of the previous findings of the in vitro and animal investigations, including anti-hyperlipidemic effects. In conclusion, in vitro and animal studies have reported potential therapeutic effects for daidzein and daidzin regarding CVDs. However, most of the clinical studies were unable to exhibit the same results. Hence, further clinical studies are required to determine the outcomes of administering daidzein and its derivatives for an extended period and in various doses.

18.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847321

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To date, few studies have considered the influence of psychological factors on chronic prostatitis (PRO) models. Here, we aimed to refine a murine PRO model combining chemically induced prostatitis with psychological stress. METHODS: A total of 40 mice were randomly divided into four groups: normal control (NC) group, PRO group, water avoidance stress (WAS) group, and PRO + WAS group. Ten mice were assigned to each group: five for cystometrograms (CMGs) and five for von Frey testing and histological analysis. PRO was induced through a prostatic injection of 10% paraformaldehyde. The WAS mice were placed on the middle platform for 1 h per day for 10 consecutive days. RESULTS: The results of the von Frey test demonstrated that both WAS and PRO induced bladder hyperalgesia in mice, and the WAS + PRO group showed significant pelvic pain symptoms either. The CMG results suggested that the PRO group, the WAS group, and the PRO + WAS group all exhibited bladder overactivity, presented as a shortened micturition interval and decreased threshold pressure evoking bladder contraction. The symptoms of the PRO group and the PRO + WAS group were more severe than those of the WAS group. The tissue staining results indicated that WAS itself caused only mild prostatic inflammation but could significantly aggravate chemical-induced prostatic inflammation, as well as the total number of mast cells and proportion of activated mast cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our refined murine PRO model could manifest persistent bladder overactivity, pelvic hyperalgesia and prostatic inflammation. WAS could induce mild prostatic inflammation and aggravate primary prostatic inflammation.

19.
Int Nurs Rev ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847349

RESUMEN

AIM: To examine the associations between physical activity patterns, sleep quality, and stress levels among rotating-shift nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. BACKGROUND: Stress adversely impacts hospital nurses, particularly those on rotating shifts. The effects of physical activity patterns and sleep quality on the stress levels of these nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic warrant investigation. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted with 550 eligible registered hospital nurses, randomly selected from four hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Taiwan. The work schedule type of these nurses was categorized into rotating shifts (working at least two shifts in a month, involving day, evening, and night shifts) or fixed-day shifts (working only the day shift). Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, physical activity patterns (sedentary or active), sleep quality (poor or adequate), and stress levels for analysis. RESULTS: Rotating-shift nurses with active physical activity patterns exhibited lower stress levels compared with those with sedentary patterns. Nurses who experienced adequate sleep quality had lower stress levels compared with those with poor sleep quality among rotating and fixed-day shift nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Active physical activity patterns and adequate sleep quality were associated with lower stress levels among rotating-shift nurses during the pandemic. Promoting active physical activity and enhancing sleep quality are essential strategies for reducing stress in these nurses. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING AND HEALTH POLICY: Strategies aimed at promoting physical activity and improving sleep quality should be integral components of health promotion programs and policymaking efforts directed at nursing leaders, to foster a healthy and supportive work environment and enhance the welfare of rotating-shift hospital nurses. REPORTING METHOD: The study is reported using the statement of Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE).

20.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(7): 290, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847903

RESUMEN

Clotrimazole is a type of antifungal medication developed from azole compounds. It exhibits several biological actions linked to oxidative stress. This study focuses on the oxidative effects of clotrimazole on the eukaryotic model yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Our results showed that although initial nitric oxide levels were above control in clotrimazole exposed cells, they showed decreasing tendencies from the beginning of incubation and dropped below control at 125 µM from the 60th min. The highest superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide levels were 1.95- and 2.85-folds of controls at 125 µM after 15 and 60 min, respectively. Hydroxyl radical levels slightly increased throughout the incubation period in all concentrations and reached 1.3-fold of control, similarly at 110 and 125 µM in the 90th min. The highest level of reactive oxygen species was observed at 110 µM, 2.31-fold of control. Although NADH/NADPH oxidase activities showed similar tendencies for all conditions, the highest activities were found as 3.07- and 2.27-folds of control at 125 and 110 µM in the 15th and 30th min, respectively. The highest superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were 1.59- and 1.21-folds of controls at 110 µM clotrimazole in 30 and 90 min, respectively. While the drug generally induced glutathione-related enzyme activities, the ratios of glutathione to oxidized glutathione were above the control only at low concentrations of the drug. The levels of lipid peroxidation in all treated cells were significantly higher than the controls. The findings crucially demonstrate that this medicine can generate serious oxidative stress in organisms.


Asunto(s)
Antifúngicos , Catalasa , Clotrimazol , Estrés Oxidativo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Superóxido Dismutasa , Clotrimazol/farmacología , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efectos de los fármacos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Antifúngicos/farmacología , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Superóxido Dismutasa/metabolismo , Catalasa/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrógeno/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrógeno/farmacología , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Humanos , Superóxidos/metabolismo , Oxidación-Reducción
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...