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1.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 147: 114-130, 2025 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39003034

RESUMEN

Fenton and Fenton-like processes, which could produce highly reactive species to degrade organic contaminants, have been widely used in the field of wastewater treatment. Therein, the chemistry of Fenton process including the nature of active oxidants, the complicated reactions involved, and the behind reason for its strongly pH-dependent performance, is the basis for the application of Fenton and Fenton-like processes in wastewater treatment. Nevertheless, the conflicting views still exist about the mechanism of the Fenton process. For instance, reaching a unanimous consensus on the nature of active oxidants (hydroxyl radical or tetravalent iron) in this process remains challenging. This review comprehensively examined the mechanism of the Fenton process including the debate on the nature of active oxidants, reactions involved in the Fenton process, and the behind reason for the pH-dependent degradation of contaminants in the Fenton process. Then, we summarized several strategies that promote the Fe(II)/Fe(III) cycle, reduce the competitive consumption of active oxidants by side reactions, and replace the Fenton reagent, thus improving the performance of the Fenton process. Furthermore, advances for the future were proposed including the demand for the high-accuracy identification of active oxidants and taking advantages of the characteristic of target contaminants during the degradation of contaminants by the Fenton process.


Asunto(s)
Peróxido de Hidrógeno , Hierro , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Hierro/química , Peróxido de Hidrógeno/química , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos/métodos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/química , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Aguas Residuales/química , Oxidación-Reducción , Radical Hidroxilo/química
2.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 147: 36-49, 2025 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39003054

RESUMEN

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is widely employed for sludge stabilization and waste reduction. However, the slow hydrolysis process hinders methane production and leads to prolonged sludge issues. In this study, an efficient and eco-friendly lysozyme pre-treatment method was utilized to address these challenges. By optimizing lysozyme dosage, hydrolysis and cell lysis were maximized. Furthermore, lysozyme combined with hydrothermal pretreatment enhanced overall efficiency. Results indicate that: (1) When lysozyme dosage reached 90 mg/g TS after 240 min of pretreatment, SCOD, soluble polysaccharides, and protein content reached their maxima at 855.00, 44.09, and 204.86 mg/L, respectively. This represented an increase of 85.87%, 365.58%, and 259.21% compared to the untreated sludge. Three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy revealed the highest fluorescence intensity in the IV region (soluble microbial product), promoting microbial metabolic activity. (2) Lysozyme combined with hydrothermal pretreatment significantly increased SCOD, soluble proteins, and polysaccharide release from sludge, reducing SCOD release time. Orthogonal experiments identified Group 3 as the most effective for SCOD and soluble polysaccharide release, while Group 9 released the most soluble proteins. The significance order of factors influencing SCOD, soluble proteins, and polysaccharide release is hydrothermal temperature > hydrothermal time > enzymatic digestion time.(3) The lysozyme-assisted hydrothermal pretreatment group exhibited the fastest release and the highest SCOD concentration of 8,135.00 mg/L during anaerobic digestion. Maximum SCOD consumption and cumulative gas production increased by 95.89% and 130.58%, respectively, compared to the control group, allowing gas production to conclude 3 days earlier.


Asunto(s)
Muramidasa , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Muramidasa/metabolismo , Aguas del Alcantarillado/química , Anaerobiosis , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos/métodos , Metano , Hidrólisis
3.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 147: 688-713, 2025 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39003083

RESUMEN

Innately designed to induce physiological changes, pharmaceuticals are foreknowingly hazardous to the ecosystem. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are recognized as a set of contemporary and highly efficient methods being used as a contrivance for the removal of pharmaceutical residues. Since reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed in these processes to interact and contribute directly toward the oxidation of target contaminant(s), a profound insight regarding the mechanisms of ROS leading to the degradation of pharmaceuticals is fundamentally significant. The conceptualization of some specific reaction mechanisms allows the design of an effective and safe degradation process that can empirically reduce the environmental impact of the micropollutants. This review mainly deliberates the mechanistic reaction pathways for ROS-mediated degradation of pharmaceuticals often leading to complete mineralization, with a focus on acetaminophen as a drug waste model.


Asunto(s)
Acetaminofén , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Acetaminofén/química , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/química , Oxidación-Reducción , Preparaciones Farmacéuticas/metabolismo
4.
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550688

RESUMEN

La vasculitis reumatoidea es una complicación sistémica y poco frecuente de la Artritis Reumatoidea. Si bien su incidencia ha descendido en los últimos años con el advenimiento de las nuevas terapias inmunosupresoras y biológicas, continua teniendo una alta morbimortalidad. Predomina en el sexo masculino, en pacientes seropositivos y con un largo período de la enfermedad establecida. Requiere de alta presunción diagnostica, siendo el compromiso cutáneo y nervioso periférico el más frecuente. La biopsia de nervio o piel es requerida habitualmente para su diagnóstico. El tratamiento se basa en corticoides e inmunosupresores. Presentamos tres casos clínicos y realizamos una revisión de la literatura.


Rheumatoid vasculitis is a rare systemic complication of rheumatoid arthritis. Although its incidence has decreased in recent years with the advent of new immunosuppressive and biological therapies, it continues to have a high morbidity and mortality. It predominates in males, in seropositive patients and with a long period of established disease. It requires high diagnostic presumption, with skin and peripheral nervous involvement being the most affected. Nerve or skin biopsy is usually required for diagnosis. Treatment is based on corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. We present three clinical cases and carry out a review of the literature.


A vasculite reumatóide é uma complicação sistêmica rara da artrite reumatóide. Embora sua incidência tenha diminuído nos últimos anos com o advento de novas terapias imunossupressoras e biológicas, continua apresentando elevada morbidade e mortalidade. Predomina no sexo masculino, em pacientes soropositivos e com longo período de doença estabelecida. Exige alta presunção diagnóstica, sendo o envolvimento cutâneo e nervoso periférico os mais afetados. A biópsia de nervo ou pele geralmente é necessária para o diagnóstico. O tratamento é baseado em corticosteroides e imunossupressores. Apresentamos três casos clínicos e realizamos uma revisão da literatura.

5.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(3): e20240012, July-Sept. 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558249

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an abrupt deterioration of kidney function. The incidence of pediatric AKI is increasing worldwide, both in critically and non-critically ill settings. We aimed to characterize the presentation, etiology, evolution, and outcome of AKI in pediatric patients admitted to a tertiary care center. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational single-center study of patients aged 29 days to 17 years and 365 days admitted to our Pediatric Nephrology Unit from January 2012 to December 2021, with the diagnosis of AKI. AKI severity was categorized according to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. The outcomes considered were death or sequelae (proteinuria, hypertension, or changes in renal function at 3 to 6 months follow-up assessments). Results: Forty-six patients with a median age of 13.0 (3.5-15.5) years were included. About half of the patients (n = 24, 52.2%) had an identifiable risk factor for the development of AKI. Thirteen patients (28.3%) were anuric, and all of those were categorized as AKI KDIGO stage 3 (p < 0.001). Almost one quarter (n = 10, 21.7%) of patients required renal replacement therapy. Approximately 60% of patients (n = 26) had at least one sequelae, with proteinuria being the most common (n = 15, 38.5%; median (P25-75) urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio 0.30 (0.27-0.44) mg/mg), followed by reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (n = 11, 27.5%; median (P25-75) GFR 75 (62-83) mL/min/1.73 m2). Conclusions: Pediatric AKI is associated with substantial morbidity, with potential for proteinuria development and renal function impairment and a relevant impact on long-term prognosis.


RESUMO Introdução: Insuficiência renal aguda (IRA) é uma deterioração abrupta da função renal. A incidência de IRA pediátrica está aumentando em todo o mundo, em ambientes críticos e não críticos. Nosso objetivo foi caracterizar apresentação, etiologia, evolução e desfechos da IRA em pacientes pediátricos internados em um centro de atendimento terciário. Métodos: Realizamos estudo retrospectivo observacional de centro único de pacientes com idade entre 29 dias a 17 anos e 365 dias internados em nossa Unidade de Nefrologia Pediátrica, de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2021, com diagnóstico de IRA. A gravidade da IRA foi categorizada de acordo com os critérios do Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Os desfechos considerados foram óbito ou sequelas (proteinúria, hipertensão ou alterações na função renal em avaliações de acompanhamento de 3 a 6 meses). Resultados: Incluímos 46 pacientes com idade mediana de 13,0 (3,5-15,5) anos. Cerca de metade (n = 24; 52,2%) apresentou um fator de risco identificável para o desenvolvimento de IRA. Treze pacientes (28,3%) eram anúricos; todos foram classificados como IRA KDIGO 3 (p < 0,001). Quase um quarto (n = 10; 21,7%) dos pacientes necessitaram de terapia renal substitutiva. Aproximadamente 60% (n = 26) apresentou pelo menos uma sequela, sendo proteinúria a mais comum (n = 15; 38,5%; mediana (P25-75) da relação proteína/creatinina urinária 0,30 (0,27-0,44) mg/mg), seguida de taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) reduzida (n = 11; 27,5%; mediana (P25-75) da TFG 75 (62-83) mL/min/1,73 m2). Conclusões: A IRA pediátrica está associada à morbidade substancial, com potencial para desenvolvimento de proteinúria e comprometimento da função renal e impacto relevante no prognóstico de longo prazo.

6.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(3): e20240023, July-Sept. 2024. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558252

RESUMEN

In the last few years, evidence from the Brazilian Registry of Bone Biopsy (REBRABO) has pointed out a high incidence of aluminum (Al) accumulation in the bones of patients with CKD under dialysis. This surprising finding does not appear to be merely a passive metal accumulation, as prospective data from REBRABO suggest that the presence of Al in bone may be independently associated with major adverse cardiovascular events. This information contrasts with the perception of epidemiologic control of this condition around the world. In this opinion paper, we discussed why the diagnosis of Al accumulation in bone is not reported in other parts of the world. We also discuss a range of possibilities to understand why bone Al accumulation still occurs, not as a classical syndrome with systemic signs of intoxication, as occurred it has in the past.


Nos últimos anos, evidências do Registro Brasileiro de Biópsia óssea (REBRABO) apontaram uma alta incidência de intoxicação por alumínio (Al) no tecido ósseo de pacientes com DRC em diálise. Essa surpreendente informação parece representar não apenas um acúmulo passivo deste metal, visto que dados prospectivos do REBRABO sugerem que a presença de Al no tecido ósseo pode estar independentemente relacionada a eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores. Essas informações contrastam com a percepção mundial do controle epidemiológico dessa condição. Neste artigo de opinião, discutimos por que o diagnóstico de acúmulo ósseo de Al não é relatado em outras partes do mundo, e também discutimos uma gama de possibilidades para entender por que nós acreditamos que o acúmulo de Al no tecido ósseo ainda ocorre, não como se apresentava no passado, ou seja, como uma síndrome com sinais e sintomas sistêmicos de intoxicação.

7.
Expert Opin Ther Targets ; : 1-11, 2024 Jul 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949181

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressive interstitial lung disease of unknown cause with a dismal prognosis. Nintedanib and Pirfenidone are approved worldwide for the treatment of IPF, but they only slow the rate of functional decline and disease progression. Therefore, there is an urgent need for more efficacious and better tolerated drugs. AREAS COVERED: αvß6 and αvß1 are two integrins overexpressed in fibrotic tissue, which play a critical role in the development of lung fibrosis. They act by converting transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß, one of the most important profibrotic cytokine, in its active form. Here, we summarize and critically discuss the potential of a dual αvß6/αvß1 integrin inhibitor for the treatment of IPF. EXPERT OPINION: Bexotegrast, a dual αvß6/αvß1 integrin inhibitor, has the potential to slow or even halt disease progression in IPF. Indeed, the strong pre-clinical rationale and promising early phase clinical trial data have raised expectations.

8.
Expert Rev Respir Med ; : 1-6, 2024 Jul 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949832

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The lung damage in COPD is associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response in the airways and lung tissue to harmful particles or gases. Early detection and treatment of COPD can help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. AREAS COVERED: Status of knowledge regarding early diagnosis, definition of pre-COPD, possible new tools for early diagnosis, possibilities of early treatment, and the results of studies in this population are discussed. Literature search (2014-2024) was done in PubMed, EMBASE, and WoS databases using the keywords COPD, early diagnosis, treatment, smoking, prevention; with additional search of literature in found articles. EXPERT OPINION: No early case-finding programs have been proposed or validated, so we still have many patients diagnosed in the late stage of the disease. Clinically manifest COPD is characterized as typically progressive and irreversible with current therapeutic options. If we aim to reduce the mortality and morbidity from COPD we should target these steps: Prevention; Early diagnosis; Form registries of persons at risk for COPD development; Diagnose preclinical COPD; and discover new preventive therapeutic interventions.

9.
JACC Case Rep ; 29(14): 102397, 2024 Jul 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952423

RESUMEN

Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction is a rare complication of ventricular hypertrophy in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This study presents an unusual case of a patient with HCM with severe RVOT obstruction that was relieved successfully through the use of mavacamten.

10.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1390482, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952471

RESUMEN

Background: Mechanical thrombectomy is a time-sensitive treatment, with rapid initiation and reduced delays being associated with better patient outcomes. Several systematic reviews reported on various interventions to address delays. Hence, we performed an umbrella review of systematic reviews to summarise the current evidence. Methods: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and JBI were searched for published systematic reviews. Systematic Reviews that detailed outcomes related to time-to-thrombectomy or functional independence were included. Methodological quality was assessed using the JBI critical appraisal tool by two independent reviewers. Results: A total of 17 systematic reviews were included in the review. These were all assessed as high-quality reviews. A total of 13 reviews reported on functional outcomes, and 12 reviews reported on time-to-thrombectomy outcomes. Various interventions were identified as beneficial. The most frequently reported beneficial interventions that improved functional and time-related outcomes included: direct-to-angio-suite and using a mothership model (compared to drip-and-ship). Only a few studies investigated other strategies including other pre-hospital and teamwork strategies. Conclusion: Overall, there were various strategies that can be used to reduce delays in the delivery of mechanical thrombectomy with different effectiveness. The mothership model appears to be superior to the drip-and-ship model in reducing delays and improving functional outcomes. Additionally, the direct-to-angiosuite approach appears to be beneficial, but further research is required for broader implementation of this approach and to determine which groups of patients would benefit the most.

11.
Transpl Int ; 37: 12469, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952482

RESUMEN

Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are particularly susceptible to infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) and are often the first to be affected by an emerging resistant pathogen. Unfortunately, their prevalence and impact on morbidity and mortality according to the type of graft is not systematically reported from high-as well as from low and middle-income countries (HIC and LMIC). Thus, epidemiology on MDRO in SOT recipients could be subjected to reporting bias. In addition, screening practices and diagnostic resources may vary between countries, as well as the availability of new drugs. In this review, we aimed to depict the burden of main Gram-negative MDRO in SOT patients across HIC and LMIC and to provide an overview of current diagnostic and therapeutic resources.


Asunto(s)
Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple , Trasplante de Órganos , Humanos , Trasplante de Órganos/efectos adversos , Receptores de Trasplantes , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Prevalencia , Infecciones por Bacterias Gramnegativas/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por Bacterias Gramnegativas/epidemiología , Países en Desarrollo
12.
Pak J Med Sci ; 40(6): 1146-1150, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952503

RESUMEN

Background and Objective: Asthma control in pregnant women remains of utmost importance; suboptimal control can have adverse repercussions on both fetal and maternal health. The objective was to identify the factors that affect asthma control in pregnant Pakistani women presenting to a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional research was conducted at KRL General Hospital between 1st November 2022 to 30th April 2023. Non-probability technique was used to sample one hundred and forty-five pregnant women with confirmed bronchial asthma irrespective of their trimester presented. Data regarding demographics and factors affecting asthma control was collected. Results: The mean age was 30.39 ± 4.33 years, with two-thirds (65%) being multiparous. Approximately 48% of participants were non-compliant with treatment, and less than 40% achieved adequate asthma control. A chi-squared test applied showed that multiparity (p = 0.003), treatment compliance (p < 0.001), BMI (p < 0.001), and proper inhaler technique (p < 0.001) were statistically significant factors affecting asthma control in pregnant women while, the level of education and household income did not exhibit a significant association. Multiple regression analysis qualified higher BMI, multiparity, treatment compliance, and inhaler technique as significant predictors of asthma control amongst pregnant women. Conclusion: Ensuring asthma control during pregnancy is important. This study identified BMI, multiparity, inhaler technique, and treatment compliance as factors that affect asthma control in pregnant women. Addressing these factors through regular antenatal check-ups can significantly mitigate risks and promote the optimal health of both maternal and fetal lives.

13.
Pak J Med Sci ; 40(6): 1225-1230, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952514

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the effects of comprehensive exercise training on frailty, negative emotions and physical functions of elderly patients with diabetes. Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 140 elderly patients with T2DM in The No.2 Hospital of Baoding were selected from December, 2021 to June, 2023 and randomly divided into two groups, with 70 patients in each group. The control group was given routine nursing and routine exercise education, and the study group was additionally given comprehensive exercise training. Tilburg frailty indicator (TFI), emotional status, physical functions, grip strength, fasting blood glucose and patient satisfaction were compared and analyzed between the two groups. Results: Before the intervention, TFI showed no significant differences between the two groups (p>0.05). After the intervention, physical, psychological and social frailty in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group, with statistically significant differences (p= 0.00). SAS and SDS scores reduced significantly in the study group compared with those in the control group after the intervention, with statistically significant differences (p=0.00). After the intervention, the grip strength was significantly larger while the fasting blood glucose was significantly lower in the study group compared with those in the control group, with statistically significant differences (p=0.00). Patient satisfaction in the study group was higher than in the control group, with a statistically significant difference(p=0.03). Conclusion: Comprehensive exercise training for elderly patients with diabetes is beneficial to improving their frail state, negative emotions, blood glucose levels and physical functions. It has significant clinical application value.

14.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1356592, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952559

RESUMEN

Primary cardiac malignant tumors are extremely rare, making up about 10% of all primary cardiac tumors. Most of these tumors are primary sarcomas, with primary mesothelioma being even less common. This report details a 53-year-old male patient diagnosed with primary cardiac malignant mesothelioma. The patient had symptoms of chest pain and difficulty breathing. A CT scan showed an enlarged heart, fluid around the heart, and irregular thickening of the pericardium. Diagnosis was confirmed through a surgical biopsy, which showed the presence of malignant mesothelioma. After the procedure, the patient received appropriate cardiac support. Although stable at discharge, the patient unfortunately died three months later due to severe wheezing. There may be a potential link between exposure to radioactive iodine treatment and this outcome. This case highlights the diagnostic and treatment challenges of primary cardiac malignant tumors and reminds physicians to consider this rare disease when evaluating patients with similar symptoms.

15.
Cureus ; 16(6): e61473, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952606

RESUMEN

Mucormycosis, a concerning and often fatal fungal infection, has shown a significant rise in cases following the COVID-19 pandemic in India, particularly affecting patients with uncontrolled comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and other immunocompromised individuals. Our case series examines five instances of mucormycosis, supported by appropriate radiographic and histopathological evidence correlating with clinical observations. Our review indicated that patients were experiencing ailments or undergoing treatments that compromised their immune systems. We analyzed additional epidemiological data, including common infection sites, gender predispositions, and mortality rates. Treatments were tailored based on symptom severity, encompassing both surgical and medical approaches. The primary reason for the rise in cases was linked to elevated glycaemic levels and weakened immunity among post-COVID-19 patients. The report provides a detailed explanation of the factors contributing to this correlation. Our findings underscore the critical importance of timely surgical intervention and advocate for further investigation into treatment efficacy and symptom monitoring specific to mucormycosis in post-COVID-19 patients in India.

16.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1394583, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952635

RESUMEN

Delirium, a common complication in elderly surgical patients, poses significant challenges in perioperative care. Perioperative geriatric services (PGS) aim at managing comorbidities, postoperative complications, and initiating early recovery of mobility to enhance elderly patients' prognosis in the perioperative period. Studies have shown that patients with preoperative cognitive disorders are at a significantly increased risk of postoperative delirium. While postoperative delirium affects up to 70% of people over 60 and 90% of people with neurodegenerative diseases, it remains underdiagnosed in many cases. Postoperative delirium can lead to functional decline, prolonged hospitalization, increased healthcare costs, cognitive impairment, and psychological malaise. This article briefly summarizes the literature on delirium, its risk factors, and its non-pharmaceutical management strategies within the perioperative period. It highlights the importance of integrating cognitive and psychological assessments into perioperative care protocols to provide baseline data, improve patient outcomes, reduce hospital stays, and minimize complications associated with delirium. By embracing evidence-based delirium management protocols, healthcare professionals can better identify and manage delirium, ultimately improving the quality of care for elderly surgical patients, which would also benefit healthcare staff and healthcare institutions.

17.
J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 33(2): 145-153, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952790

RESUMEN

Over the last ten years, there has been a substantial increase in the number of children and adolescents referred to gender clinics for possible gender dysphoria. The gender affirming model of care, a dominant treatment approach in Canada, is based on low quality evidence. Other countries are realizing this and making psychosocial treatments and/or exploratory psychotherapy a first line of treatment for gender related distress in young patients. Psychodynamic (exploratory) psychotherapy has established efficacy for a range of conditions, and has been used in youth and adults with gender dysphoria. In Canada, the adoption of psychodynamic psychotherapy for gender dysphoria is impeded by some academics who argue that it may violate laws against conversion therapy. Psychodynamic psychotherapy is not conversion therapy and should be made available in Canada as a treatment modality for gender dysphoria.

18.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1331756, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952826

RESUMEN

The current study examined the construct of State of Surrender (SoS)-defined as a willingness to accept, without resistance, what is to come-and investigated SoS as a statistical mediator of the relationship between engagement in substance use treatment and meaning in life (MIL). Using a cross-sectional design, participants were 123 people involved with the legal system participating in a 6-month residential treatment program for substance use. Results showed that measures of treatment engagement, including treatment participation, counselor rapport, and peer support, were all positively associated with SoS scores (R 2s ≥ 21.16). Moreover, while controlling for time spent in treatment, SoS statistically mediated the positive association between aspects of treatment engagement and MIL. State of Surrender may be a targetable process in substance use treatment that aids in recovery by orienting clients toward what they find meaningful in life. Future directions and practical considerations are discussed.

19.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1377302, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952864

RESUMEN

Background: Acanthamoeba castellanii infection is a rare condition primarily occurring in immunocompromised patients with extremely high mortality. Currently, there is no standard treatment for this condition, and successful treatment reports are scarce. Case presentation: We present a case of Acanthamoeba castellanii infection in a 63-year-old female patient with AIDS, who was admitted to our hospital with symptoms of fever, skin ulcers, subcutaneous nodules, and food regurgitation from the nose while eating. After initial empirical treatment failed, a biopsy of the subcutaneous nodule was performed, and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) technology was used to detect pathogenic microorganisms in both the biopsy specimen and blood samples. The results revealed Acanthamoeba castellanii infection. Additionally, histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen and cytological examination of the secretions from the ulcer surface also confirmed this pathogenic infection. The patient's symptoms significantly improved upon discharge after adjusting the treatment regimen to a combination of anti-amebic therapy. Conclusion: Immunocompromised patients presenting with unexplained fever and skin or sinus lesions should be evaluated for Acanthamoeba castellanii infection. Multi-drug combination therapy is required for this organism infection, and a standard treatment protocol still needs further research. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing is a valuable tool for early diagnosis of unknown pathogen infections.

20.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 17: 1713-1723, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953036

RESUMEN

Background: The Sars-CoV-2 pandemic imposed unprecedented and drastic changes in health care organizations all over the world. Purpose: To evaluate the impact of the pandemic on hospitalizations in an acute psychiatric ward. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively identified and compared acute psychiatric hospitalizations in the Service for Psychiatric Diagnosis and Care (SPDC) of AUSL-Modena during the pre-pandemic (n = 1858) and pandemic period (n = 1095), from 01/01/2017 to 31/12/2022. Data were statistically analyzed using STATA12. Results: We collected 1858 hospitalizations in the pre-pandemic and 1095 in the pandemic. During the pandemic, we observed a progressively sharp reduction in voluntary hospitalizations, whereas involuntary ones remained stable with an increase in 2022 (p < 0.001), longer hospital stays (12.32 mean days vs 10.03; p < 0.001), longer periods of involuntary hospitalizations (8.45 mean days vs 5.72; p < 0.001), more frequent aggressive behaviour (16.10% vs 9.12%; p < 0.001) and referral to psychiatric communities at discharge (11.04% vs 6.13%; p < 0.001); non-Italians (p = 0.001), people with disability pension (p < 0.001) and Support Administrator (p < 0.001) were more frequently hospitalized. Conclusion: During the pandemic, voluntary psychiatric hospitalizations decreased, but not involuntary ones, and the most vulnerable people in serious clinical conditions were hospitalized.

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