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1.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 9(3): 453-461, 2024 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634001

RESUMEN

Vitamin B12 is a complex compound synthesized by microorganisms. The industrial production of vitamin B12 relies on specific microbial fermentation processes. E. coli has been utilized as a host for the de novo biosynthesis of vitamin B12, incorporating approximately 30 heterologous genes. However, a metabolic imbalance in the intricate pathway significantly limits vitamin B12 production. In this study, we employed multivariate modular metabolic engineering to enhance vitamin B12 production in E. coli by manipulating two modules comprising a total of 10 genes within the vitamin B12 biosynthetic pathway. These two modules were integrated into the chromosome of a chassis cell, regulated by T7, J23119, and J23106 promoters to achieve combinatorial pathway optimization. The highest vitamin B12 titer was attained by engineering the two modules controlled by J23119 and T7 promoters. The inclusion of yeast powder to the fermentation medium increased the vitamin B12 titer to 1.52 mg/L. This enhancement was attributed to the effect of yeast powder on elevating the oxygen transfer rate and augmenting the strain's isopropyl-ß-d-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) tolerance. Ultimately, vitamin B12 titer of 2.89 mg/L was achieved through scaled-up fermentation in a 5-liter fermenter. The strategies reported herein will expedite the development of industry-scale vitamin B12 production utilizing E. coli.

2.
EFSA J ; 22(4): e8752, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634012

RESUMEN

Following a request from the European Commission, EFSA was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) produced by fermentation with a non-genetically modified strain of Ensifer adhaerens (CGMCC 21299), when used as a nutritional additive for all animal species. No viable cells or DNA of the production strain were detected in the additive. Therefore, cyanocobalamin produced by fermentation with E. adhaerens CGMCC 21299 does not raise safety concerns as regards to the production strain. The Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed concluded that cyanocobalamin produced by fermentation with E. adhaerens CGMCC 21299 is considered safe for all animal species, for the consumers and the environment. Due to the presence of nickel, the additive is considered a skin and respiratory sensitiser. Inhalation and dermal exposure are considered a risk. Due to the lack of data, the Panel could not conclude on the potential of the additive to be an eye irritant. Cyanocobalamin produced by fermentation with E. adhaerens CGMCC 21299 is effective in meeting animal's nutritional requirements when administered via feed.

3.
JCEM Case Rep ; 2(4): luae029, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623534

RESUMEN

Metformin-associated vitamin B12 deficiency is a well-established side effect, especially in patients taking higher doses of metformin or who have existing risk factors. Severe deficiency causes a wide range of systemic disorders. Gait instability, which leads to frequent falling, is usually an underrecognized side effect. Older patients are more likely to develop chronic subdural hematoma even with minor trauma. We present a case of 84-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus with acute-on-chronic subdural hematoma from frequent falls. Metformin therapy at dose of 1700 mg/day was given for more than 25 years. He had been in his usual state of health until 10 months ago when he began to have frequent fallings and fatigue. Physical examination in this admission revealed new-onset impaired vibratory sensation and proprioception in both feet and positive Romberg test. Subsequent evaluations demonstrated undetectable plasma vitamin B12 level and elevated plasma homocysteine. Improvement in neurological symptoms occurred within 1 week of vitamin B12 replacement and surgical hematoma evacuation. This case highlights the importance of awareness and periodic monitoring of vitamin B12 status among older patients taking metformin.

4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1310112, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590316

RESUMEN

Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of homocysteine (HCY) metabolism and related factors on early spontaneous abortion. Methods: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study and included a total of 500 cases and 1,000 controls in Shaanxi China. Pregnant women waiting for delivery in the hospital were interviewed to report their characteristics and other relevant information during pregnancy. The unconditional Logisitic regression model was applied to assess the association between early spontaneous abortion and HCY metabolism and related factors. The multiplicative model was applied to assess the effects of interaction of HCY metabolism and related factors on early spontaneous abortion. The logit test method of generalized structural equation model (GSEM) was used to construct the pathway diagram of HCY metabolism and related factors affecting early spontaneous abortion. Results: Folic acid supplementation and adequate folic acid supplementation during periconception were the protective factors of early spontaneous abortion (OR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.38-0.65; OR = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.35-0.54). The serum folate deficiency, higher plasma HCY in early pregnancy, the women who carried the MTHFR 677TT genotype were the risk factors of early spontaneous abortion (OR = 5.87, 95% CI: 1.53-22.50; OR = 2.94, 95% CI: 1.14-7.57; OR = 2.32, 95% CI: 1.20-4.50). The women's educational level and maternal and child health care utilization affected the occurrence of early spontaneous abortion by influencing the folic acid supplementation during periconception. The folic acid supplementation during periconception affected the occurrence of early spontaneous abortion by influencing the level of serum folate or plasma HCY in early pregnancy. The maternal MTHFR 677 gene polymorphism affected the occurrence of early spontaneous abortion by influencing the level of serum folate in early pregnancy. In terms of the risks for early spontaneous abortion, there was multiplicative interaction between higher plasma HCY in early pregnancy, serum folate deficiency in early pregnancy and maternal MTHFR 677TT genotype (OR = 1.76, 95% CI: 1.17-4.03), and there was multiplicative interaction between higher plasma HCY and serum folate deficiency in early pregnancy (OR = 3.46, 95% CI: 2.49-4.81), and there was multiplicative interaction between serum folate deficiency in early pregnancy and maternal MTHFR 677TT genotype (OR = 3.50, 95% CI: 2.78-5.18). The above interactions are all synergistic. The occurrence risk of early spontaneous abortion was significantly increased if multiple factors existed at the same time. Conclusion: Our study is the first time to construct the pathway of HCY metabolism and related factors affecting early spontaneous abortion, and provides a comprehensively new idea to prevent and reduce the occurrence of spontaneous abortion.

5.
Am J Med Sci ; 2024 Mar 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561045

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory arthritis in which the immune system targets synovial joints. Methotrexate serves as the mainstay of treatment for RA due to its efficacy. However, patients treated with methotrexate are uniquely at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia due to coincident disease risk factors and the fact that methotrexate use is associated with malabsorption. The objective of this study was to assess for vitamin B12 deficiency among patients with RA treated with methotrexate and folic acid. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 50 patients with RA treated with methotrexate and folic acid and 49 patients with RA treated with other therapies. Patients were matched by age, sex, race, renal function, and disease activity. We compared plasma vitamin B12, methylmalonic acid, and homocysteine levels between these two groups utilizing quantitative and categorical analyses. RESULTS: Thirty-seven (74 %) RA patients on methotrexate and folic acid had elevated plasma homocysteine levels compared with only 27 (55 %) RA patients receiving other therapies (P < 0.05). The proportion of patients with low vitamin B12 and high methylmalonic acid levels did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show high plasma homocysteine levels among RA patients treated with methotrexate and folic acid. While plasma vitamin B12 levels were similar between the two groups, high plasma homocysteine is also a sensitive marker of vitamin B12 deficiency. Additional studies should evaluate for the presence of clinical features of vitamin B12 deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia among RA patients treated with methotrexate and folic acid.

6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619741

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pregnant and postpartum women are at high risk of depression due to hormonal and biological changes. Antenatal depression is understudied compared to postpartum depression and its predictors remain highly controversial. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms during pregnancy and investigate factors associated with this condition including vitamin D, folate and Vitamin B12 among participants in the Kuwait Birth Study. METHODS: Data collection occurred as part of the Kuwait Birth Cohort Study in which pregnant women were recruited in the second and third trimester during antenatal care visits. Data on antenatal depression were collected using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), considering a score of ≥ 13 as an indicator of depression. Logistic regression was used to investigate factors associated with depressive symptoms in pregnant women. RESULTS: Of 1108 participants in the Kuwait Birth Cohort study, 1070(96.6%) completed the EPDS. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 21.03%(95%CI:18.62-23.59%) and 17.85%(95%CI:15.60-20.28%) as indicated by an EPDS ≥ 13 and EPDS ≥ 14 respectively. In the multivariable analysis, passive smoking at home, experiencing stressful life events during pregnancy, and a lower level of vitamin B12 were identified as predisposing factors. Conversely, having desire for the pregnancy and consumption of fruits and vegetables were inversely associated with depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: Approximately, one fifth of pregnant women had depressive symptoms indicating the need to implement screening program for depression in pregnant women, a measure not systematically implemented in Kuwait. Specifically, screening efforts should focus on pregnant women with unintended pregnancies, exposure to passive smoking at home, and recent stressful live events.

7.
Cureus ; 16(2): e55103, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558585

RESUMEN

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex metabolic disorder with a multifactorial etiology and a significant global burden. In recent years, emerging evidence has suggested a potential link between T2DM and vitamin B12 deficiency, raising concerns about its impact on disease progression, management, and associated complications. This comprehensive review critically examines the current understanding of the prevalence, risk factors, clinical implications, and management strategies related to vitamin B12 deficiency in individuals diagnosed with T2DM. The review begins by providing an overview of the epidemiology of T2DM and its associated complications, underscoring the need for comprehensive management approaches. Subsequently, it delves into the physiology of vitamin B12, including its sources, absorption mechanisms, and biological functions, laying the groundwork for understanding the potential implications of deficiency in T2DM. A thorough analysis of the literature is conducted to elucidate the prevalence and risk factors of vitamin B12 deficiency in individuals with T2DM, considering factors such as age, duration of diabetes, medication use (e.g., metformin), dietary patterns, and comorbidities. Special attention is given to the role of metformin, the first-line therapy for T2DM, in precipitating or exacerbating vitamin B12 deficiency through mechanisms involving alterations in the gut microbiota and intestinal absorption. The review further explores the clinical manifestations and diagnostic challenges associated with vitamin B12 deficiency in the context of T2DM, emphasizing the importance of recognizing subtle symptoms and implementing appropriate screening protocols. It discusses the potential implications of vitamin B12 deficiency on glycemic control, diabetic neuropathy, cognitive function, cardiovascular health, and overall quality of life in individuals with T2DM. In addressing the management of vitamin B12 deficiency in T2DM, the review examines various therapeutic strategies, including oral and parenteral supplementation, dietary modifications, and lifestyle interventions. It critically evaluates the evidence supporting routine screening for vitamin B12 deficiency in individuals with T2DM and discusses controversies surrounding optimal supplementation protocols, dosing regimens, and monitoring strategies. Furthermore, the review highlights gaps in current knowledge and identifies areas for future research, such as the long-term effects of vitamin B12 supplementation on clinical outcomes in T2DM, the impact of genetic factors on vitamin B12 metabolism, and the potential role of personalized interventions. Overall, this review consolidates existing evidence and provides insights into the complex relationship between T2DM and vitamin B12 deficiency, aiming to inform clinical practice, enhance patient care, and guide future research endeavors in this important area of metabolic medicine.

8.
Clin Neuropsychiatry ; 21(1): 7-21, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559435

RESUMEN

Objective: Recent evidence highlights that different agents may trigger immune-mediated processes involved in the pathophysiology of different neuropsychiatric conditions. Given the limited information on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the present study aimed at assessing current/past infections and plasma levels of vitamin D, vitamin B12, folic acid, homocysteine and common peripheral inflammatory markers in a group of OCD outpatients. Method: The sample included 217 adult outpatients with an OCD diagnosis according to the DSM-5 criteria. The Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) was used to assess the clinical phenotype and symptom severity. Laboratory blood tests measured levels of vitamin D, vitamin B12, folic acid, homocysteine, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), blood count and antibodies titers for cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV), Toxoplasma gondii and antistreptolysin titer. Results: Sixty-one patients had a previous EBV infection, 46 were seropositive for CMV IgG, 24 showed positive antistreptolysin titer, 14 were seropositive for Toxoplasma gondii IgG, and four for CMV IgM. More than a half of patients showed vitamin D insufficiency. Compared to seronegative patients, patients with a past EBV infection displayed significantly higher scores on the Y-BOCS total score and compulsion subscale, and other symptoms. Vitamin D was negatively correlated with both the Y-BOCS total score and the subscales scores. Folic acid was negatively correlated with the Y-BOCS total and obsessions subscale score. Conclusions: The findings of our study show an association between Epstein-Barr infection and hypovitaminosis D and the overall severity and specific symptom patterns of OCD. The laboratory measures used in this study are useful, cheap and easy parameters that should be routinely assessed in patients with OCD. Further studies are needed to clarify their role in OCD pathophysiology and outcomes, as well as the potential therapeutic impact of vitamins and antibiotics/immunomodulatory agents in OCD and other psychiatric conditions.

9.
Cureus ; 16(3): e55345, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559501

RESUMEN

Objectives Long-term metformin is associated with vitamin B12 deficiency. There is a significant misunderstanding among both physicians and patients regarding vitamin B12 indications. This study aims to identify knowledge gaps and attitudes toward vitamin B12 among diabetic patients. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among type 2 diabetic patients visiting four primary healthcare centers in Buraidah, Saudi Arabia. The data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire. Data were collected on diabetes and vitamin B12 knowledge and attitude toward vitamin B12 supplementation. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the predictors of knowledge and attitude. Results Of the 388 participants, 192 (49.5%) were male. About 84.5% of the total diabetics were on metformin. Nearly three-fourths (72.7%) were taking vitamin B12. A large proportion, 160 (41.2%), believed that it is necessary to take vitamin B12 for every diabetic patient. Nearly half, 193 (49.7%), did not know the factors affecting vitamin B12 deficiency. Young (less than 39 years) diabetics were more likely to perceive that vitamin B12 is recommended for all diabetics, OR (95% CI) [6.26 (1.86-21.06)], as compared to participants aged more than 59. Similarly, younger patients were more likely to assume vitamin B12 necessary, OR (95% CI) [3.71 (1.26-10.89)]. Conclusion We found the knowledge and attitude of diabetic patients regarding vitamin B12 to be poor. It is, therefore, recommended that primary health care providers educate their patients about vitamin B12 supplementation to reduce the number of medications and financial burden. Further large-scale studies are also needed to generate stronger evidence of the problem.

10.
PNAS Nexus ; 3(4): pgae116, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560530

RESUMEN

One-carbon metabolism is a complex network of metabolic reactions that are essential for cellular function including DNA synthesis. Vitamin B12 and folate are micronutrients that are utilized in this pathway and their deficiency can result in the perturbation of one-carbon metabolism and subsequent perturbations in DNA replication and repair. This effect has been well characterized in nuclear DNA but to date, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has not been investigated extensively. Mitochondrial variants have been associated with several inherited and age-related disease states; therefore, the study of factors that impact heteroplasmy are important for advancing our understanding of the mitochondrial genome's impact on human health. Heteroplasmy studies require robust and efficient mitochondrial DNA enrichment to carry out in-depth mtDNA sequencing. Many of the current methods for mtDNA enrichment can introduce biases and false-positive results. Here, we use a method that overcomes these limitations and have applied it to assess mitochondrial heteroplasmy in mouse models of altered one-carbon metabolism. Vitamin B12 deficiency was found to cause increased levels of mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy across all tissues that were investigated. Folic acid supplementation also contributed to elevated mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy across all mouse tissues investigated. Heteroplasmy analysis of human data from the Framingham Heart Study suggested a potential sex-specific effect of folate and vitamin B12 status on mitochondrial heteroplasmy. This is a novel relationship that may have broader consequences for our understanding of one-carbon metabolism, mitochondrial-related disease and the influence of nutrients on DNA mutation rates.

11.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563533

RESUMEN

The current German newborn screening (NBS) panel includes 13 inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs). In addition, a NBS pilot study in Southwest Germany identifies individuals with propionic acidemia (PA), methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), combined and isolated remethylation disorders (e.g., cobalamin [cbl] C and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase [MTHFR] deficiency), cystathionine ß-synthase (CBS) deficiency, and neonatal cbl deficiency through one multiple-tier algorithm. The long-term health benefits of screened individuals are evaluated in a multicenter observational study. Twenty seven screened individuals with IMDs (PA [N = 13], MMA [N = 6], cblC deficiency [N = 5], MTHFR deficiency [N = 2] and CBS deficiency [N = 1]), and 42 with neonatal cbl deficiency were followed for a median of 3.6 years. Seventeen screened IMD patients (63%) experienced at least one metabolic decompensation, 14 of them neonatally and six even before the NBS report (PA, cbl-nonresponsive MMA). Three PA patients died despite NBS and immediate treatment. Fifteen individuals (79%) with PA or MMA and all with cblC deficiency developed permanent, mostly neurological symptoms, while individuals with MTHFR, CBS, and neonatal cbl deficiency had a favorable clinical outcome. Utilizing a combined multiple-tier algorithm, we demonstrate that NBS and specialized metabolic care result in substantial benefits for individuals with MTHFR deficiency, CBS deficiency, neonatal cbl deficiency, and to some extent, cbl-responsive MMA and cblC deficiency. However, its advantage is less evident for individuals with PA and cbl-nonresponsive MMA. SYNOPSIS: Early detection through newborn screening and subsequent specialized metabolic care improve clinical outcomes and survival in individuals with MTHFR deficiency and cystathionine-ß-synthase deficiency, and to some extent in cobalamin-responsive methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) and cblC deficiency while the benefit for individuals with propionic acidemia and cobalamin-nonresponsive MMA is less evident due to the high (neonatal) decompensation rate, mortality, and long-term complications.

12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602571

RESUMEN

Parkinson's disease (PD) has been linked to a vast array of vitamins among which vitamin B12 (Vit B12) is the most relevant and often investigated specially in the context of intrajejunal levodopa infusion therapy. Vit B12 deficiency, itself, has been reported to cause acute parkinsonism. Nevertheless, concrete mechanisms through which B12 deficiency interacts with PD in terms of pathophysiology, clinical manifestation and progression remains unclear. Recent studies have suggested that Vit B12 deficiency along with the induced hyperhomocysteinemia are correlated with specific PD phenotypes characterized with early postural instability and falls and more rapid motor progression, cognitive impairment, visual hallucinations and autonomic dysfunction. Specific clinical features such as polyneuropathy have also been linked to Vit B12 deficiency specifically in context of intrajejunal levodopa therapy. In this review, we explore the link between Vit B12 and PD in terms of physiopathology regarding dysfunctional neural pathways, neuropathological processes as well as reviewing the major clinical traits of Vit B12 deficiency in PD and Levodopa-mediated neuropathy. Finally, we provide an overview of the therapeutic effect of Vit B12 supplementation in PD and posit a practical guideline for Vit B12 testing and supplementation.

13.
Cureus ; 16(3): e55784, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586727

RESUMEN

Cobalamin-deficient thrombotic microangiopathy or vitamin B12 deficiency presenting as pseudo-thrombotic microangiopathy is a rare disorder that can be misdiagnosed as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Patients with this condition are at risk of receiving unnecessary plasmapheresis with a potential delay in appropriate therapy with vitamin B12 supplementation. There are no established diagnostic criteria for this condition in clinical practice. We performed a systematic review of case reports published between January 2018 and January 2023 to analyze the clinical characteristics, risk factors, and patterns of laboratory markers to improve the diagnostic criteria for this condition.

14.
Cureus ; 16(3): e55642, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586766

RESUMEN

This case report discusses the intricate diagnostic and therapeutic challenges faced by a 23-year-old Indian male who presented with altered consciousness, a holo-cranial headache, right-sided hemiparesis, and subsequent neurological symptoms. The patient's dietary habits, leading to vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiencies resulting in hyperhomocysteinemia, along with binge alcohol drinking leading to dehydration, were identified as the main causes of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in this case. The case was complicated by an additional cerebral hemorrhage. The patient received a comprehensive treatment regimen involving antiepileptic medications, intravenous fluids, and anticoagulation therapy. A decline in the Glasgow Coma Scale score prompted further interventions. Collaborative decision-making, involving neurologists, neurosurgeons, and the patient's relatives, steered the treatment course, ultimately favoring continued medical management over decompression surgery. Notably, the patient exhibited remarkable progress in mobility, achieving the ability to walk with support by the end. This case report contributes valuable insights to the understanding of CVST, emphasizing the significance of nutritional considerations, especially in vegetarians, and underscoring the importance of thorough diagnostic evaluations in complex clinical scenarios.

15.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 37(3): 242-253, 2024 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582989

RESUMEN

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the associations of serum folate and/or vitamin B 12 concentrations with obesity among Chinese children and adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted including 3,079 Chinese children and adolescents, aged 6 to 17 years, from Jiangsu, China. Anthropometric indices, such as, children's body mass index (BMI), BMI z-scores, waist circumference, and waist-to-height ratio were utilized. Multivariable linear regression and generalized additive models were used to investigate the associations of serum folate and vitamin B 12 levels with anthropometric indices and odds of obesity. Results: We observed that serum vitamin B 12 concentrations were inversely associated with all anthropometric indices and the odds of general obesity [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.68; 95% confidence interval ( CI) = 0.59, 0.78] and abdominal obesity ( OR = 0.68; 95% CI = 0.60, 0.77). When compared to participants with both serum vitamin levels in the two middle quartiles, those with both serum folate and vitamin B 12 levels in the highest quartile were less prone to general ( OR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.19, 0.50) or abdominal obesity ( OR = 0.46, 95% CI = 0.31, 0.67). Conversely, participants with vitamin B 12 levels in the lowest quartile alongside folate levels in the highest quartile had higher odds of abdominal obesity ( OR = 2.06, 95% CI = 1.09, 3.91). Conclusion: Higher serum vitamin B 12 concentrations, but not serum folate concentrations, were associated with lower odds of childhood obesity. Children and adolescents with high levels of vitamin B 12 and folate were less likely to be obese.


Asunto(s)
Obesidad Pediátrica , Vitamina B 12 , Humanos , Niño , Adolescente , Obesidad Abdominal , Estudios Transversales , Obesidad Pediátrica/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Índice de Masa Corporal , Ácido Fólico , Vitaminas
16.
Eur J Paediatr Neurol ; 49: 106-112, 2024 Mar 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484414

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Narcolepsy, a chronic neurologic sleep disorder, has sparked growing interest in the potential role of vitamin B12 in its pathogenic mechanism. However, research on this association has predominantly focused on adults. Our objective was to delineate the phenotypic and genetic connections between serum vitamin B12 levels and paediatric narcolepsy. METHODS: To investigate the causal relationship between vitamin B12 and paediatric narcolepsy, we conducted a retrospective analysis involving 60 narcolepsy patients and a matched control group. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were employed to identify independent factors influencing paediatric narcolepsy. Furthermore, a bidirectional two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was performed to assess the causal connection between serum vitamin B12 levels and narcolepsy. RESULTS: Paediatric narcolepsy patients showed significantly lower serum levels of vitamin B12 and folate compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified serum vitamin B12 as the exclusive independent factor influencing paediatric narcolepsy (P < 0.001; OR = 0.96; 95%CI: 0.94-0.98). Additionally, IVW model results provided compelling evidence supporting a potential causal association between serum vitamin B12 levels and paediatric narcolepsy (OR: 0.958, 95% CI = 0.946-0.969, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study establishes connections at both phenotypic and genetic levels, associating vitamin B12 deficiency with an increased risk of paediatric narcolepsy. These findings provide innovative perspectives for clinical strategies in the prevention and treatment of narcolepsy.

17.
Crit Rev Anal Chem ; : 1-11, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498177

RESUMEN

Vitamin B12 plays a significant role in maintaining human health. Deficiency or excess intake of vitamin B12 may cause some diseases. Therefore, it is significant to fabricate sensors for sensitive assay of vitamin B12. In the past few years, a variety of nanomaterials have been developed for the fluorescence detection of vitamin B12 in tablets, injection, human serum and food. In the review, the assay mechanisms of fluorescent nanomaterials for sensing vitamin B12 were first briefly discussed. And the progress of various nanomaterials for fluorescence detection of vitamin B12 were systematically summarized. Furthermore, the sensing performance of fluorescent nanosensors was compared with fluorescent probes. Lastly, the challenges and perspectives about the topic were presented.

18.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; : 1-5, 2024 Mar 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511974

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to define pediatric reference intervals for serum cobalamin and folate utilizing data generated from a population not exposed to food fortified with folic acid. Folate and cobalamin results analyzed by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (Roche Cobas) were obtained from 2375 children (2 months to 17.99 years of age). The serum samples were collected between 2011 and 2015 as part of the LIFE (Leipzig Research Centre for Civilization Diseases) Child cohort study in Germany, where folic acid fortification of food is not mandated. These results were used to generate age- and gender-specific reference intervals presented as non-parametric 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles. Because of a subsequent restandardisation of the Roche folate assay in 2016, folate values were recalculated accordingly for adaptation to results obtained using the present calibration. In both genders, folate concentrations decreased continuously with age, whereas cobalamin concentrations peaked at five years of age and then declined. Teenage females had higher concentrations of cobalamin in the age group 12-17.99 years.

19.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 119(3): 730-739, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432714

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Vitamin B-12 status in human milk (HM) has critical implications for infant growth and development. Few studies have separately evaluated the effects of prenatal and postnatal maternal high-dose vitamin B-12 supplementation on HM vitamin B-12 concentration. OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the effects of prenatal and postnatal vitamin B-12 supplementation on HM vitamin B-12 at 6 wk and 7 mo postpartum. METHODS: Pregnant women were enrolled in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, between 2001 and 2004. From recruitment (12-27 weeks of gestation) through 6 wk postpartum, participants were randomly assigned to daily oral multiple micronutrient supplementation or placebo. From 6 wk to 18 mo postpartum, a subset of participants was randomly assigned to a postnatal supplement or placebo. The supplement included 50 µg/d of vitamin B-12 and various other vitamins. HM vitamin B-12 concentrations were analyzed at 6 wk and 7 mo postpartum for 412 participants. RESULTS: The prevalence of HM vitamin B-12 of <310 pmol/L was 73.3% and 68.4% at 6 wk and 7 mo postpartum, respectively. Prenatal supplementation increased HM vitamin B-12 concentration (percent difference: 34.4; 95% CI: 17.0, 54.5; P < 0.001) at 6 wk; this effect was not present at 7 mo. Postnatal supplementation increased HM vitamin B-12 concentration (percent difference: 15.9; 95% CI: 1.91, 31.9; P = 0.025) at 7 mo. Effect modification between prenatal and postnatal supplementation on HM vitamin B-12 status at 7 mo was found, with the effects of prenatal and postnatal supplements more pronounced among those receiving control during the other period; the prenatal supplement had a greater effect with postnatal control, and the postnatal supplement had a greater effect with prenatal control. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal maternal vitamin B-12 supplementation has benefits on short-term HM status, and postnatal maternal vitamin B-12 supplementation has benefits on long-term HM status. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00197548. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00197548.


Asunto(s)
Leche Humana , Vitamina B 12 , Embarazo , Lactante , Femenino , Humanos , Tanzanía , Vitaminas , Suplementos Dietéticos
20.
J Reprod Infant Psychol ; : 1-15, 2024 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440867

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: B12 vitamin is essential for the functioning of the nervous system and the production of mood-related neurotransmitters. However, information on its association with postpartum depression (PPD) is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of serum vitamin B12 levels during pregnancy on PPD, in healthy pregnant women from the Mediterranean region of Catalonia, Spain. METHOD: This longitudinal study included a subsample of women at 54 days (7.7 weeks) postpartum (n = 336), who participated in the ECLIPSES Study conducted out in Tarragona, Spain. Maternal concentrations of vitamin B12 were determined in the first and third trimester of pregnancy and sociodemographic, nutritional, and psychological data were collected. PPD was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). RESULTS: The prevalence of probable PPD was 21%. After adjusting for sociodemographic, lifestyle, biochemical parameters, and postpartum characteristics the regression model showed a negative association between EPDS scores and the highest quartile of serum vitamin B12 (first quartile (reference) vs. fourth quartile), (ß = -1.267, 95% CI = -2.461, -0.073, p = 0.038). CONCLUSION: Maintaining a normal-high level of vitamin B12 during early pregnancy can contributes to preventing PPD.

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