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1.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 21(1): 196-196, ene.-abr. 2021. graf, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-194177

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 pandemic, declared on March 11, 2020, constitute an extraordinary health, social and economic global challenge. The impact on people's mental health is expected to be high. This paper sought to systematically review community-based studies on depression conducted during the COVID-19 and estimate the pooled prevalence of depression. METHOD: We searched for cross-sectional, community-based studies listed on PubMed or Web of Science from January 1, 2020 to May 8, 2020 that reported prevalence of depression. A random effect model was used to estimate the pooled proportion of depression. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis, with prevalence rates of depression ranging from 7.45% to 48.30%. The pooled prevalence of depression was 25% (95% CI: 18%−33%), with significant heterogeneity between studies (I2=99.60%, p<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with a global estimated prevalence of depression of 3.44% in 2017, our pooled prevalence of 25% appears to be 7 times higher, thus suggesting an important impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on people's mental health. Addressing mental health during and after this global health crisis should be placed into the international and national public health agenda to improve citizens' wellbeing


INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia de COVID-19, declarada el 11 de marzo de 2020, representa un reto global extraordinario a nivel sanitario, social y económico. Se espera un impacto alto en la salud mental de las personas. Este artículo tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática de estudios transversales basados en muestras comunitarias que proporcionaban la prevalencia de depresión durante la crisis del COVID-19. MÉTODO: Se realizó una búsqueda de estudios comunitarios publicados en Pubmed y Web of Science desde el 1 de enero del 2020 al 8 de mayo del 2020 y que informaron sobre la prevalencia de depresión. Se usó un modelo de efectos aleatorios para estimar la proporción agrupada de depresión. RESULTADOS: Un total de 12 estudios fueron incluidos en el meta-análisis, con prevalencias de depresión que oscilaban entre 7,45% y 48,30%. La prevalencia agrupada de depresión fue de 25% (95% CI: 18%-33%), con heterogeneidad significativa entre estudios (I2 = 99,60%, p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: En comparación con una estimación global de depresión en 2017 del 3,44%, nuestra prevalencia agrupada del 25% es 7 veces mayor, sugiriendo un impacto importante del brote de COVID-19 en la salud mental de las personas. El abordaje de la salud mental durante y después de esta crisis global sanitaria debe ser parte de las agendas de salud pública nacionales e internacionales para mejorar el bienestar de los ciudadanos


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Pandemias , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Prevalencia
2.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 46-59, mar. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147479

RESUMEN

El cáncer de mama Triple Negativo es un subtipo molecular que se caracteriza por ausencia de expresión de receptores de estrógeno, progesterona y proteína HER2. Representa el 10 % a 15 % de todos los subtipos de cáncer de mama con impacto en el pronóstico y en las líneas de tratamiento; siendo negativo para receptores hormonales y HER2, la terapéutica hormonal y anti-HER2 no cuentan para su manejo. Aún no se dispone de productos dirigidos a blancos específicos para esta categoría.(AU)


The Triple Negative breast cancer is a molecular subtype characterized by no expression of the estrogen, the progesterone and the HER2 protein receptors. They represents 10 % to 15 % of all the breast cancer subtypes with an impact on the prognosis and in the treatment lines; is negative for the hormone receptors and for the HER2, hormonal and the anti-HER2 therapeutics do not count for the management of them. The products targeting specific to this category are not yet available(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Biomarcadores de Tumor , Antraciclinas/uso terapéutico , Taxoides/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/patología , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/epidemiología , Mamografía , Quimioterapia , Oncología Médica
3.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 11-32, mar. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147464

RESUMEN

Clasificar los carcinomas de pulmón según criterios establecidos por la OMS 2015 en biopsias de la sección de patología respiratoria del Instituto Anatomopatológico "Dr. José Antonio O`Daly" en el período enero 2006-diciembre 2016. Se realizó estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo, en el que se evaluaron todos los casos de carcinomas pulmonares recibidos entre enero 2006 diciembre 2016. La edad de presentación del carcinoma pulmonar fue 61 ± 11,45 años. Fue más frecuente en el sexo masculino 56,57 %. El tipo histológico más frecuente fue el adenocarcinoma 61,6 %. El adenocarcinoma el patrón predominantemente sólido fue el más constante 57,3 %, seguido de patrón predominantemente acinar 18,2 % y patrones mixtos. El carcinoma de células escamosas fue el segundo tipo más frecuente con 30,3 % de los casos representando el carcinoma de células escamosas poco diferenciado no queratinizante un 40 %. El carcinoma neuroendocrino fue el tercer tipo de carcinoma más común y el carcinoma de células pequeñas representó el 80 % de estos casos. Al menos 10,8 % de los casos fueron carcinomas no clasificables por necrosis o muestra escasa. Los casos previamente diagnosticados como adenocarcinoma poco diferenciado se corresponden con patrón sólido. Es importante el uso de inmunohistoquímica para el diagnóstico definitivo especialmente de adenocarcinoma patrón predominantemente sólido. El uso de la actual clasificación permite definir pronóstico y tratamiento personalizado(AU)


To classify the lung carcinomas according to criteria established by WHO 2015 in the biopsies of the section of respiratory pathology of the Anatomo Pathological Institute "Dr. José Antonio O`Daly" in the period January 2006 December 2016. A study will be carried out descriptive and retrospective, in which all cases of the pulmonary carcinomas received between January 2006 and December 2016 were evaluated. The age of presentation of the lung carcinoma was 61 ± 11.45 years old. It was more frequent in the male sex 56.57 %. The most frequent histological type was the adenocarcinoma 61.6 %. The predominantly solid adenocarcinoma pattern was the most constant 57.3 % followed by predominantly acinar pattern 18.2 % and the mixed patterns. The squamous cell carcinoma was the second most frequent type 30.3 %, and the poorly differentiated and non-keratinizing type was a 40 %. The neuroendocrine carcinoma was the third most common type of it the small cell carcinoma accounted an 80 %. At least 10.8 % of the cases were carcinomas unclassifiable due to necrosis or scarce sample. The cases previously diagnosed as poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma correspond to a solid pattern. The immunohistochemically use is important for the definitive diagnosis, especially for the adenocarcinoma predominantly solid pattern. The use of the current classification allowsdefining the prognosis and the personalized treatment(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Biopsia , Carcinoma Broncogénico/epidemiología , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiología , Salud Pública , Quimioterapia , Oncología Médica
4.
Arch. prev. riesgos labor. (Ed. impr.) ; 24(1): 20-33, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-197118

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: La promoción de la salud en el trabajo integra las iniciativas en salud y seguridad en ámbito ocupacional, con mejoras personales, incremento de productividad y menores riesgos y gastos sociales, especialmente en migraña, como enfermedad neurológica con prevalencia estimada en el 11% de la población. El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer las condiciones preventivas de los trabajadores con migraña y las opciones de gestión preventiva en sus empresas. MÉTODO: Estudio observacional transversal realizado en 3.342 pacientes de España, Italia, Francia, Portugal, Irlanda, Reino Unido, Alemania y otros países de la UE mediante encuesta anónima en la web de la European Migraine & Headache Alliance (EMHA-web), entre septiembre de 2018 y enero de 2019. RESULTADOS: Estrés laboral y uso de PVD son los riesgos más referidos por los trabajadores con migraña. El 43.71% de trabajadores desconoce el tipo de Servicio de Prevención de su empresa, 49.06% no dispone de servicio médico; el 67.67% no ha tenido impedimentos de acceso laboral por migraña, ni despido o no renovación del contrato, pero el 42,14% tuvo algún conflicto por pérdida de productividad; el 26,54% desconoce el concepto de especial sensibilidad o no lo ha solicitado por migraña; un 55,42% no se ha sentido comprendido ni apoyado por su empresa en sus limitaciones por migraña, pero sí por los compañeros. CONCLUSIÓN: Se observa una deficiente información preventiva y escaso uso de las opciones de gestión adaptativa en las empresas para personas con migraña


INTRODUCTION: Workplace health promotion integrates initiatives in health and safety in the occupational field, with personal improvements, increased productivity and lower risks and social cost, especially with respect to migraine headaches, a neurological disorder affecting approximately 11% of the population. The objective of this study was to know the preventive resources available to workers with migraine headaches and the preventive management options in their companies. METHOD: Cross-sectional observational study of 3,342 patients from Spain, Italy, France, Portugal, Ireland, United Kingdom, Germany and other European Union countries, conducted through an anonymous survey on the web of the European Migraine & Headache Alliance (EMHA-web), from September 2018 to January 2019. RESULTS: Occupational stress (77.65%) and use of computer monitors (63.87%) are the most common risks described by workers with migraine. About. 43.71% of workers are not familiar with the type of occupational health service present in their company, 49.06% do not have a medical service; 67.67% reported no work-related limitations due to migraine, neither dismissal nor non-renewal of their contract (88.29%), but 42.14% had experienced some conflict due to decreased productivity; 26.54% were unaware of the concept of vulnerable workers or had not requested this status because of their migraine (63.8%), nor had they demanded job accommodations (67.64%) or job change (80.89%); 55.42% did not feel understood or supported by their company in their limitations due to migraine, although they did feel they were supported by their colleagues (63.07%). CONCLUSION: We found that preventive resources and information were deficient, and that there was little use of adaptive management options for workers with migraine in their companies


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Trastornos Migrañosos/prevención & control , Servicios de Salud del Trabajador/estadística & datos numéricos , Trastornos Migrañosos/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Riesgos Laborales , Lugar de Trabajo , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología
5.
Recurso de Internet en Inglés, Español, Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-48050

RESUMEN

Uma nova atualização epidemiológica da Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde (OPAS) sobre a COVID-19 documenta um aumento de 14% nos casos e de 14% nas mortes nas Américas de 15 de janeiro a 8 de fevereiro. Esse aumento, no entanto, é menor do que no período de 11 de dezembro a 15 de janeiro.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Américas/epidemiología , Betacoronavirus
6.
Recurso de Internet en Inglés, Español, Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-48051

RESUMEN

A diretora da Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde (OPAS), Carissa F. Etienne, afirmou nesta quarta-feira (10) que as vacinas contra a COVID-19 que logo estarão disponíveis pelo COVAX nas Américas ainda são recomendadas à região, apesar das novas variantes do vírus SARS-CoV-2, causador da doença.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Américas/epidemiología
7.
Drug Deliv ; 28(1): 325-342, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517789

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to investigate the pharmacological mechanism of matrine in treatment of COVID-19 combined with liver injury. Potential targets related to matrine, COVID-19 and liver injury were identified from several databases. We constructed PPI network and screened the core targets according to the degree value. Then, GO and KEGG enrichment were carried out. Molecular docking technology was used to verify the affinity between matrine and the crystal structure of core target protein. Finally, real-time RT-PCR was used to detect the effects of matrine on hub gene expression in liver tissue of liver injury mice and lung tissue of lung injury mice to further confirm the results of network pharmacological analysis. The results show that six core targets including AKT1, TP53, TNF, IL6, BCL2L1 and ATM were identified. The potential therapeutic mechanism of matrine on COVID-19 combined with liver injury is closely related to regulate antiviral process, improve immune system and regulate the level of inflammatory factors. Molecular docking showed that matrine could spontaneously bind to the receptor protein and had strong binding force. Real-time RT-PCR demonstrated that matrine could significantly reduce the expression of AKT1, TP53, TNF, IL6 and ATM in mice with liver injury or lung injury (P < 0.05), and increase the expression of BCL2L1 to a certain extent (P > 0.05). Our results indicate that matrine can achieve simultaneous intervention of COVID-19 combined with liver injury by multi-dimensional pharmacological mechanism.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides/farmacología , /epidemiología , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/epidemiología , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular/métodos , Quinolizinas/farmacología , Alcaloides/administración & dosificación , Animales , Antivirales/farmacología , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/etiología , Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga , Humanos , Lipopolisacáridos/farmacología , Hígado/efectos de los fármacos , Masculino , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Quinolizinas/administración & dosificación , Reacción en Cadena en Tiempo Real de la Polimerasa , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos
8.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 21(1): 34, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522934

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Internet-based technologies play an increasingly important role in the management and outcome of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The healthcare system is currently flooded with digital innovations and internet-based technologies as a consequence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. However, information about the attitude of German CKD-patients with access to online tools towards the use of remote, internet-based interactions such as video conferencing, email, electronic medical records and apps in general and for health issues in particular, are missing. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: To address the use, habits and willingness of CKD patients in handling internet-based technologies we conducted a nationwide cross-sectional questionnaire survey in adults with CKD. RESULTS: We used 380 questionnaires from adult CKD patients (47.6% on dialysis, 43.7% transplanted and 8.7% CKD before renal replacement therapy) for analysis. Of these 18.9% denied using the internet at all (nonusers). Nonusers were significantly older (74.4 years, SD 11.4) than users (54.5 years, SD 14.5, p < 0.001), had a lower educational level than users (≥ 12 years: 6.9% versus 47.1%, p < 0.001) and were more often on dialysis. Within the group of internet users only a minority (2.6%) was using video conferencing with their physician, only 11.7% stated that they were using email to report symptoms and 26.6% were using the internet to schedule appointments. Slightly more than one-third of internet users (35.1%) are concerned that their personal medical data are not safe when submitted via the internet. CONCLUSIONS: Within our group of German CKD-patients we found that almost one out of five patients, especially older patients and patients with a lower educational level, did not use the internet at all. The majority of internet users reported in our survey that they have not used internet-based technologies within a medical context so far, but are willing to consider it. Therefore, it seems to be important to introduce and teach motivated CKD-patients the use and benefits of simple and safe internet-based health care technologies.


Asunto(s)
Prioridad del Paciente , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Alemania/epidemiología , Encuestas de Atención de la Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prioridad del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/terapia , Telemedicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
11.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(5): 1185-1188, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526979

RESUMEN

Background: Increased stress among medical personnel had been reported in previous virus outbreaks. The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) emerged in December 2019, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). No qualitative assessment has yet described the physical and mental health conditions of frontline medical personnel in the COVID-19 outbreaks. Methods: Here, 251 frontline medical personnel involved in COVID-19 missions completed electronic questionnaires, consisting of 31 categorical variables related to their physical and mental health status, medical history and environmental conditions. We constructed a correlation amongst these variables through pairwise Kendall rank correlation coefficient test. Then, clusters of highly correlated variables were identified using the leading eigenvector. Finally, we used the network and clusters to clarify the correlations amongst variables. Results: This qualitative study identified the six clusters. Cluster 1 was characterized by skin allergy. Cluster 2 was predominantly associated with anxiety. Cluster 3 consisted mostly of respiratory symptoms. The participants in cluster 4 had medical history. Cluster 5 and cluster 6 were characterized by disinfection and demography, respectively. Finally, we revealed three major findings. First, more than 80% of medical personnel worry about COVID-19-related infection and experience newly appearing anxiety (56.2%), airway or heart symptoms (34.3%) and skin allergies (20.3%). Second, COVID-19-related worry significantly associates with all variables in the anxiety and respiratory symptom clusters. Third, new-onset skin allergies did not associate with either disinfection or anxiety, but did associate with a previous history of allergies. Conclusions: COVID-19-related worry leads to physical and mental health problems amongst medical personnel. Effective responses and interventions could relieve a series of new-onset physical and mental health problems.


Asunto(s)
Brotes de Enfermedades , Personal de Salud/psicología , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Análisis por Conglomerados , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
12.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(5): 1198-1206, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526981

RESUMEN

Rationale: Early invasive ventilation may improve outcomes for critically ill patients with COVID-19. The objective of this study is to explore risk factors for 28-day mortality of COVID-19 patients receiving invasive ventilation. Methods: 74 consecutive adult invasively ventilated COVID-19 patients were included in this retrospective study. The demographic and clinical data were compared between survivors and non-survivors, and Cox regression analysis was used to explore risk factors for 28-day mortality. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality after initiation of invasive ventilation. Secondary outcome was the time from admission to intubation. Results: Of 74 patients with COVID-19, the median age was 68.0 years, 53 (71.6%) were male, 47 (63.5%) had comorbidities with hypertension, and diabetes commonly presented. The most frequent symptoms were fever and dyspnea. The median time from hospital admission to intubation was similar in survivors and non-survivors (6.5 days vs. 5.0 days). The 28-day mortality was 81.1%. High Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (hazard ratio [HR], 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23-1.92; p < 0.001) and longer time from hospital admission to intubation (HR, 2.41; 95% CI, 1.15-5.07; p = 0.020) were associated with 28-day mortality in invasively ventilated COVID-19 patients. Conclusions: The mortality of invasively ventilated COVID-19 patients was particularly striking. Patients with high SOFA score and receiving delayed invasive ventilation were at high risk of mortality.


Asunto(s)
/mortalidad , Enfermedad Crítica/mortalidad , Respiración Artificial/mortalidad , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
13.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(5): 1285-1296, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526990

RESUMEN

Background: Considering transaminase more than the upper limit of normal value as liver injury might overestimate the prevalence of liver involvement in COVID-19 patients. No meta-analysis has explored the impact of varied definitions of liver injury on the reported prevalence of liver injury. Moreover, few studies reported the extent of hypertransaminasemia stratified by COVID-19 disease severity. Methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and Embase. The pooled prevalence of liver injury and hypertransaminasemia was estimated. Results: In total, 60 studies were included. The overall prevalence of liver injury was 25%. Compared to subgroups with the non-strict definition of liver injury (33%) and subgroups without giving detailed definition (26%), the subgroup with a strict definition had a much lower prevalence of liver injury (9%). The overall prevalence of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) elevation was 19% and 22%. The prevalence of elevated ALT and AST were significantly higher in severe COVID-19 cases compare to non-severe cases (31% vs 16% and 44% vs 11%). In critically ill and fatal cases, no difference was found in the prevalence of elevated ALT (24% vs 30%) or AST (54% vs 49%). Sensitivity analyses indicated that the adjusted prevalence of ALT elevation, AST elevation, and liver injury decreased to 14%, 7%, and 12%. Conclusion: The overall prevalence of liver injury and hypertransaminasemia in COVID-19 patients might be overestimated. Only a small fraction of COVID-19 patients have clinically significant liver injury. The prevalence of hypertransaminasemia was significantly higher in severe COVID-19 cases compare to non-severe cases. Hence, in severe COVID-19 patients, more attention should be paid to liver function tests.


Asunto(s)
/complicaciones , Hepatopatías/virología , /enzimología , Humanos , Hepatopatías/enzimología , Hepatopatías/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Transaminasas/sangre
16.
Eur J Public Health ; 31(1): 7-12, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529325

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Italy was the second country in the world, after China, to be hit by SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Italy's experience teaches that steps to limit people's movement by imposing 'red zones' need to be put in place early by carefully identifying the cities to be included within these areas of quarantine. The assessment of the relationship between the distance from an established outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 infection with transmission-linked cases and mortality observed in other sites could provide useful information to identify the optimal radius of red zones. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 cases and the distance of each Italian province from the first outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Italy (the city of Lodi placed in the Lombardia region). In 38 provinces of Lombardia and neighboring regions, we performed a breakpoint analysis to identify the radius of the red zone around Lodi minimizing epidemic spread and mortality in neighboring cities. RESULTS: In all Italian provinces, a non-linear relationship was found between SARS-CoV-2 cases and distance from Lodi. In an analysis including the provinces of Lombardia and neighboring regions, SARS-CoV-2 cases and mortality increased when the distance from Lodi reduced below 92 and 140 km, respectively, and such relationships were amplified by ozone (O3) pollution. CONCLUSIONS: The breakpoint analysis identifies the radius around the outbreak of Lodi minimizing the public health consequences of SARS-CoV-2 in neighboring cities. Such an approach can be useful to identify the red zones in future epidemics due to highly infective pathogens similar to SARS-CoV-2.


Asunto(s)
/mortalidad , Brotes de Enfermedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Mortalidad/tendencias , Ozono/efectos adversos , Pandemias , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Número Básico de Reproducción , Femenino , Geografía Médica , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Salud Pública , Vigilancia en Salud Pública
17.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 30(1): 29-34, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529504

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease is an important cause of epilepsy. The incidence may significantly vary (from 2.3% to 43%). Post-stroke seizures occur within 2 weeks of stroke onset (as early-onset seizures) or 2 weeks after a stroke (as late-onset seizures). OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively evaluate and differentiate predictive factors for post-stroke seizures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical histories of 164 adult patients diagnosed with post-stroke seizures but no epilepsy recognized prior to the stroke who were hospitalized at the Neurology Clinic of Wroclaw Medical University between 2012 and 2018. The seizures were classified according to the criteria of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) from 2017. The relevant demographic data, type of stroke (ischemic/hemorrhagic), time of occurrence of seizures in relation to the type of stroke, score on the modified Rankin Scale, presence of cardiovascular risk factors, electroencephalography (EEG) recording, and antiepileptic treatment (AED) were collected. In the case of ischemic stroke (IS), the size of the stroke lesion was rated on the ASPECTS scale. RESULTS: The study involved 164 patients (average age = 68.83 years), including 86 men (average age = 66.2 years). In 20 out of 164 patients, the seizures were associated with hemorrhagic stroke (HS); in 144 out of 164 patients, the post-stroke epilepsy was associated with IS. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures occurred in 101 out of 164 patients, focal aware seizures occurred in 19 out of 164 patients and focal impaired-awareness seizures occurred in 44 out of 164 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our study has confirmed that generalized seizures occur mostly after an IS and are late complications of it. Early-onset seizures occur mostly after HS associated with severe disability. Seizures are more likely to happen due to the cortical location of the stroke. There is a shift from generalized to focal seizures with an increase in the extent of IS as evaluated using the ASPECTS scale.


Asunto(s)
Epilepsia , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Anciano , Anticonvulsivantes , Electroencefalografía , Epilepsia/tratamiento farmacológico , Epilepsia/epidemiología , Epilepsia/etiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Convulsiones/tratamiento farmacológico , Convulsiones/epidemiología , Convulsiones/etiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/complicaciones , Accidente Cerebrovascular/tratamiento farmacológico
18.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 30(1): 83-86, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529511

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent cancer worldwide in humans. The risk factors reported in the literature encompass excessive sun exposure, genetic predisposition, irradiation, exposure to arsenic, and trauma. The exact role of trauma in the etiology of BCC remains unexplained. OBJECTIVES: To analyze patients with BCC treated surgically in the Dermatosurgery Unit, looking for possible cases of BCC secondary to trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review all of treated BCCs in the Dermatosurgery Unit between January 2017 and June 2020. RESULTS: Among 1,832 patients with BCC, 5 (0.27%) tumors had a positive history of previous trauma. Many different types of injuries have been associated with oncogenesis in the area of the scar. The clinical presentations of lesions varied between the patients. CONCLUSIONS: It is worth to underline that BCC may be located in the area of post-traumatic scar; however, the incidence seems to be lower comparing to reported previously (7.3-13%). This article illustrates the importance of exclusion malignancy in every non-healing lesion. A neoplasm may be difficult to differentiate from infection or local ischemia in the area of the scar. Prudent management of all clinically unclear lesions should include a biopsy.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Basocelular , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Biopsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiología , Carcinoma Basocelular/etiología , Cicatriz , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutáneas/epidemiología , Neoplasias Cutáneas/etiología
19.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 30(1): 87-92, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529512

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common feature in adults undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). However, accurate assessment of AKI incidence in the pediatric population still seems a challenge. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence of AKI according to the pRIFLE criteria in children undergoing alloHSCT, with special focus on differences between patients transplanted due to oncological and non-oncological indications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data, concerning 135 children undergoing alloHSCT due to oncological (89 patients) or other (46 patients) reasons, was performed. The values of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were measured before alloHSCT, 24 h after, 1, 2, 3, 4, 8 weeks, 3 and 6 months after alloHSCT, and the AKI incidence was analyzed. RESULTS: Acute kidney injury was diagnosed in 54% of all patients. The Risk stage (R) was noticed at least once in 46% of oncological and 37% of non-oncological children. The Injury stage (I) concerned 12% of oncological and 6% of non-oncological patients undergoing alloHSCT. The incidence of AKI in both groups was comparable. The mean eGFR values in oncological children were higher than those in the non-oncological patients even before transplantation and until the 4th week after alloHSCT. The eGFR increased significantly in all patients 24 h after alloHSCT and returned to pre-transplantation records after 2-3 weeks. Then, oncological patients demonstrated a gradual decrement of eGFR. Six months after transplantation, eGFR values in oncological children were significantly lower compared to pre-transplantation records, whereas in non-oncological children, these values were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: Although the type of indication for alloHSCT has no impact on the AKI incidence, children undergoing alloHSCT due to oncological reasons are at greater risk of renal impairment 6 months after transplantation than non-oncological patients.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas , Lesión Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Lesión Renal Aguda/epidemiología , Lesión Renal Aguda/etiología , Niño , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/efectos adversos , Humanos , Incidencia , Proyectos Piloto , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
20.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 30(1): 109-114, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529514

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This review focuses on the frequency of symptoms in COVID-19 in comparison to SARS, influenza and common cold. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the knowledge about the clinical features, symptoms and differences between patients with COVID-19, SARS, influenza, and common cold. The research can help ear, nose and throat specialists and other health practitioners manage patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The biomedical databases used in the study included PubMed and MEDLINE. Statistical analysis using the Z-score test assessed which symptoms were more characteristic of COVID-19 than other viral diseases. RESULTS: Among individuals with COVID-19, the most frequently reported symptoms were cough (70%), fever (45%), muscular pain (29%), and headache (21%), whereas sore throat (12%), and rhinorrhea (4%) were observed at lower rates. Fever was identified as most frequent in COVID-19 (74%), appearing at a higher rate in those cases than in influenza (68%) or the common cold (40%) (p < 0.05). In comparison to other viral diseases, sore throat was rarely reported in COVID-19 and SARS (12% and 18%, respectively) (p < 0.05). In influenza and common cold, a cough was identified in 93% and 80% of cases (p < 0.05). Headache, rhinorrhea, muscular pain, and sore throat were more common in influenza (91%, 91%, 94%, and 84%, respectively) and common cold (89%, 81%, 94%, and 84%, respectively) than in COVID-19 (21%, 4%, 29%, and 12%, respectively) and SARS (45%, 12%, 55%, and 18%, respectively) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of the analysis show that a greater number of general symptoms should lead to a diagnosis of influenza or common cold rather than COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Resfriado Común , Gripe Humana , Resfriado Común/diagnóstico , Resfriado Común/epidemiología , Humanos , Gripe Humana/diagnóstico , Gripe Humana/epidemiología , Pandemias
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