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1.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 6, 2022 01 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983466

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In the City of Vancouver, Canada, non-profit food hubs such as food banks, neighbourhood houses, community centres, and soup kitchens serve communities that face food insecurity. Food that is available yet inaccessible cannot ensure urban food security. This study seeks to highlight food access challenges, especially in terms of mobility and transportation, faced by users of non-profit food hubs in the City of Vancouver before and during the COVID-19 crisis. METHODS: This study involved an online survey (n = 84) and semi-structured follow-up key informant interviews (n = 10) with individuals at least 19 years old who accessed food at a non-profit food hub located in the City of Vancouver more than once before and during the COVID-19 crisis. RESULTS: 88.5% of survey respondents found food obtained from non-profit food hubs to be either very or somewhat important to their household's overall diet. In their journey to access food at non-profit food hubs in the City of Vancouver, many survey respondents face barriers such as transportation distance/time, transportation inconveniences/reliability/accessibility, transportation costs, line-ups at non-profit food hubs, and schedules of non-profit food hubs. Comments from interview participants corroborate these barriers. CONCLUSIONS: Drawing from the findings, this study recommends that non-profit food hubs maintain a food delivery option and that the local transportation authority provides convenient and reliable paratransit service. Furthermore, this study recommends that the provincial government considers subsidizing transit passes for low-income households, that the provincial and/or federal governments consider bolstering existing government assistance programs, and that the federal government considers implementing a universal basic income. This study emphasizes how the current two-tier food system perpetuates stigma and harms the well-being of marginalized populations in the City of Vancouver in their journey to obtain food.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Adulto , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Transportes , Adulto Joven
2.
Pediatr Obes ; 17(1): e12837, 2022 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402203

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) may increase the odds for childhood obesity, yet little is known about the mechanism explaining this relationship. Parents experience greater psychosocial stress in the context of FI. In these environments, children from FI households may exhibit different appetitive behaviours. OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between FI and appetitive behaviours in children (3-5 years) and to explore whether social, emotional and structural properties of the home environment moderate this relationship. METHODS: In a low-income sample of 504 parent-child dyads, parents completed the household food security module and the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire. A subsample (n = 361) self-reported perceived stress, depressive symptoms, household chaos and family functioning. Children were categorized as food secure, household FI and child FI. RESULTS: Food responsiveness (LSmeans ± SE; child FI: 2.56 ± 0.13; food secure: 2.31 ± 0.10, p < 0.05) and emotional overeating (LSmeans ± SE; child FI: 1.69 ± 0.10; food secure: 1.48 ± 0.08, p < 0.05) were higher among children in the child FI group compared to the food secure group. Child FI was only associated with higher food responsiveness among children of parents reporting high levels of perceived stress (p = 0.04) and low levels of family functioning (p = 0.01). There were no differences in food responsiveness by food security status at mean or low levels of perceived stress or at mean or high levels of family functioning (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Child FI may contribute to obesity risk through differences in appetitive behaviours. For low-income families, stress management and improving family dynamics may be important factors for interventions designed to improve children's appetitive behaviours.


Asunto(s)
Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Obesidad Pediátrica , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Inseguridad Alimentaria , Humanos , Padres , Obesidad Pediátrica/epidemiología
3.
Nutrition ; 93: 111448, 2022 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583187

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the effect of socioeconomic conditions and variables related to the COVID-19 pandemic on the food insecurity of students during suspension of classes in public schools. METHODS: This was a telephone survey (n = 612) of adults responsible for purchasing food through representative samples of students in two Brazilian municipalities in June and July 2020. The outcome was food insecurity, assessed using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) for sociodemographic and pandemic-related factors of COVID-19. RESULTS: The total prevalence of food insecurity in households was 82%, with 65.7% mild food insecurity, 11.3% moderate, and 5.0% severe. After adjustment for confounding factors, households with the highest number of children (OR = 2.17; 95% CI, 1.10-4.27) and households that received local-government basic food baskets (OR = 1.64; 95% CI, 1.04-2.58) were significantly associated with food insecurity. Furthermore, households that did not experience a decrease in income during the pandemic were inversely associated with food insecurity (OR, 0.17; 95% CI, 0.09-0.32). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of food insecurity was high, and policies for the distribution of food baskets may not be sufficient to guarantee food security for the most vulnerable families with a greater number of children. Considering the possible worsening of food insecurity during the COVID-19 pandemic, the National School Feeding Program has the potential to play a strategic role in promoting food security for students.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adulto , Niño , Inseguridad Alimentaria , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Instituciones Académicas , Factores Socioeconómicos
4.
Appetite ; 168: 105692, 2022 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517072

RESUMEN

Approximately one out of ten households in the U.S. experienced food insecurity in 2019 (U. S. Department of Agriculture, 2020). Food pantries have taken on an important role in helping those with both short term and persistent food insecurity. As pantries are increasingly being arranged to allow clients to choose their own food, the question of how to encourage healthy choices is becoming an important topic for discussion. The Des Moines Area Religious Council (DMARC) implemented a "Nutritional-Score" program on September 1, 2017 as an experiment aimed at answering the above question. This program essentially changes the budgets of food pantry clients to make healthier choices cheaper and less healthy choices more expensive. We perform a Bayesian analysis using a zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) model to help describe the effects of this program on the frequency with which clients choose less healthy items. We find evidence that the Nutritional-score program had a positive effect on the probability of rejecting less healthy items in the short and long term.


Asunto(s)
Asistencia Alimentaria , Teorema de Bayes , Costos y Análisis de Costo , Preferencias Alimentarias , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos
5.
Appetite ; 168: 105695, 2022 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534591

RESUMEN

This study explored the important attributes of the local food retail environments that residents from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, used in recommending where to purchase fresh produce, including fruits and vegetables, in the Ottawa area. Drawing upon an approach originating in marketing and consumer research, qualitative thematic analysis was used to analyze 79 discussions from three social media platforms that occurred between 2015 and 2018. We identified three patterns of conversations about food shopping, characterized by participants describing important factors of their local retail food environments that shaped their recommendations for different retail food establishments: 1) Pleasant represented discussions where having a pleasurable food shopping experience was the main discussion point. 2) Thrifty discussions were marked primarily by economical management and discussed food shopping in pragmatic terms. 3) Compromise represented a group where discussions described needing to find a middle ground between affordability and quality. While not without limitations, our study was the first exploration of whether social media data could be useful for qualitatively evaluating local retail food environments. Our findings add to the conclusions of other researchers that social media data does not compromise on the breadth of views captured and can parallel findings from traditional methods. These findings have implications for nutrition researchers and practitioners who we encourage to consider social media discussion data in their work.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Comercio , Comportamiento del Consumidor , Preferencias Alimentarias , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , Ontario , Verduras
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 3): 150718, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606855

RESUMEN

Agriculture provides the largest share of food supplies and ensures a critical number of ecosystem services (e.g., food provisioning). Therefore, agriculture is vital for food security and supports the Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) 2 (SDG 2 - zero hunger) as others SDG's. Several studies have been published in different world areas with different research directions focused on increasing food and nutritional security from an agricultural land system perspective. The heterogeneity of the agricultural research studies calls for an interdisciplinary and comprehensive systematization of the different research directions and the plethora of approaches, scales of analysis, and reference data used. Thus, this work aims to systematically review the contributions of the different agricultural research studies by systematizing the main research fields and present a synthesis of the diversity and scope of research and knowledge. From an initial search of 1151 articles, 260 meet the criteria to be used in the review. Our analysis revealed that most articles were published between 2015 and 2019 (59%), and most of the case studies were carried out in Asia (36%) and Africa (20%). The number of studies carried out in the other continents was lower. In the last 30 years, most of the research was centred in six main research fields: land-use changes (28%), agricultural efficiency (27%), climate change (16%), farmer's motivation (12%), urban and peri-urban agriculture (11%), and land suitability (7%). Overall, the research fields identified are directly or indirectly linked to 11 of the 17 SDGs. There are essential differences in the number of articles among research fields, and future efforts are needed in the ones that are less represented to support food security and the SDGs.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Desarrollo Sostenible , Agricultura , Seguridad Alimentaria , Abastecimiento de Alimentos
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150497, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583077

RESUMEN

Resource-based regions (RBRs) have made significant contributions to the social and economic development of nations. The long-term and high-intensity development of resources puts tremendous pressure on water, energy and food resources and the ecological environment. Exploring the water-energy-food nexus (WEF nexus, WEFN) of RBRs is key to making informed decisions about regional sustainable development. In this study, a feedback model for the WEFN of RBRs was developed using a system dynamics approach. The WEFN model not only describes the WEFN system from both the supply and demand sides, but also classifies WEF resources. Using Daqing, China, as a case study, five future scenarios were designed to explore the impacts of real policies designed by different government departments on the WEFN system. Comparing the predicted results of a scheme for business as usual, a scheme for developing bioenergy, a scheme for adjustment of the production structure, a scheme for strengthening the development of water and food resources and a scheme for saving WEF resources revealed that the schemes for adjustment of the production structure and for saving WEF resources will not only improve the security of WEF resources, but also reduce pollution of the water environment by human activities, which is conducive to improving the overall benefits of the WEFN system. Finally, some practical suggestions are put forward to promote the coordinated development of the WEFN system. The WEFN model is a multi-centric tool for integrated resources management, and can be expanded to other RBRs and provides scientific support for decision-makers.


Asunto(s)
Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Abastecimiento de Agua , China , Alimentos , Humanos , Agua
8.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113814, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601349

RESUMEN

Ecosystem service flows are a research topic of significant interest, and exploring this topic may mitigate the shortcomings related to the spatial mismatches between supply and demand in the current ecosystem services studies. The Pearl River Delta (PRD) experiences a serious spatial mismatch in ecosystem services in particular the food supply, between the supply areas (hilly areas) and demand areas (central areas). Therefore, this study focused on the PRD as a case study to analyze change trends of food supply-demand ratio (FSDR) at city level, and depict the spatial flow path within and between cities from the perspective of ecosystem service flow with different threshold distance, using an enhanced two-step floating catchment area accessibility method. The results showed that the food demand significantly exceeded the supply, the budget was 3.58 million tons and FSDR was 0.49 in 2015. There were large discrepancies in the FSDR at the city level before and after when considering the ecosystem service flows. The FSDR of cities in the central areas increased 0.1%-30%, due to the ecosystem service flow from the low hilly areas. As delivery distances increased, the size of food flow decreased within cities and increased among cities. This led to a significant decline in the population living in severe undersupplied areas (FSDR<0.1) and oversupplied areas (FSDR>1), and an increase in undersupplied areas (0.1<FSDR<0.9). Our findings indicate that local governments would benefit from enhancing connections between supply and demand areas to meet the food demand of big cities. This study offers a comprehensive and realistic understanding of the physical situation of ecosystem service consumption by human beings, and provides decision-making information for optimize land use allocation.


Asunto(s)
Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Ecosistema , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , China , Ciudades , Ríos
9.
Food Chem ; 370: 130830, 2022 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656022

RESUMEN

COVID-19 is having a far-reaching negative impact on global economic and social development. One of the challenges arising from the pandemic is ensuring food security, especially with respect to cold chain food. Given the current situation of high contagion and large numbers of infected people, the perspective briefed emergency management measures of cold chain food, compared the development of accurate and rapid detection methods of COVID-19 and hazards in foods. In addition, we proposed three-dimensional-printing of foods as a promising candidate for ensuring food security during the current pandemic because it uses locally-obtained raw materials and does not need long-distance cold chain transportation.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Seguridad Alimentaria , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Nutrition ; 93: 111502, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775261

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between food insecurity and school meal consumption, adjusted for sociodemographic variables. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated households with children and adolescents living in Brazilian municipalities. A semistructured survey was administered to parents/guardians at a parent-teacher meeting to assess their socioeconomic conditions and access to food, using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale to classify households as having food security or mild, moderate, or severe food insecurity. Parents and students were asked about the frequency of their consumption of school meals offered by the Brazilian School Food Program, which is one of the largest public policies in Brazil and offers free meals to all students in all public schools. Multinomial regression was performed to assess the relationship between food security and frequency of school meal consumption. RESULTS: A total of 1705 students participated in the study, most of whom displayed some degree of food insecurity (56.5%) per the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. Regular consumption of school meals (>3 times/wk) was reported by 78.5% of students. Regarding the frequency of school meal consumption adjusted by sociodemographic variables, students from households with food insecurity (moderate or severe) were more likely to regularly consume school meals. The prevalence of households with moderate or severe food insecurity was twice as high as for those who lived in households with food security after adjusting for sociodemographic variables (odds ratio: 2.35; 95% confidence interval 1.53-3.61). CONCLUSIONS: The Brazilian School Food Program has contributed greatly to food security. Although the guarantee of universality is essential for the program to reach all school children who are experiencing food insecurity, the program should also aim for greater equity.


Asunto(s)
Comidas , Instituciones Académicas , Adolescente , Brasil , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Seguridad Alimentaria , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , Factores Socioeconómicos
11.
Washington D.C; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; 1 ed; Dic. 2021. 51 p. ilus.
Monografía en Español | LIPECS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1352627

RESUMEN

La alimentación es parte central del desarrollo de las personas a lo largo de su vida. El hambre y la pobreza impiden el goce de derechos esenciales de las personas. Durante los últimos años, distintos factores han desviado al mundo del camino para lograr la erradicación del hambre, la inseguridad alimentaria y todas las formas de malnutrición para el año 2030, y la pandemia de la COVID-19 ha exacerbado esta tendencia. Nuestra región no es la excepción. El sobrepeso infantil ha ido en aumento en los últimos 20 años y se encuentra por encima del promedio mundial: afectó al 7,5% de los menores de 5 años en 2020. El sobrepeso y la obesidad tiene un gran impacto económico, social y sanitario para los países, debido a la reducción de la productividad y el aumento de la discapacidad, la mortalidad prematura y los costos de la atención y los tratamientos médicos. Estas tendencias no se van a revertir si no avanzamos en la transformación de nuestros sistemas agroalimentarios para que sean más eficientes, resilientes, inclusivos y sostenibles, a fin de proporcionar dietas saludables para todos y todas, sin dejar a nadie atrás


Asunto(s)
Estrategias de Salud Globales , Coronavirus , Impactos en la Salud , Desnutrición , Dieta , Sobrepeso , Pandemias , Mortalidad Prematura , Erradicación de la Enfermedad , Nutrición, Alimentación y Dieta , Desarrollo Sostenible , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Obesidad
12.
Washington D.C; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; 1 ed; Dic. 2021. 27 p. ilus.(Serie Derechos Humanos y Salud, 8).
Monografía en Español | LIPECS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1352693

RESUMEN

En esta publicación se presentan los instrumentos internacionales y regionales de derechos humanos y los sistemas de protección de esos derechos instaurados por las Naciones Unidas y el Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, así como medidas para hacerlos efectivos, con especial hincapié en la protección del derecho a la salud y a una alimentación adecuada


Asunto(s)
Dieta , Nutrición, Alimentación y Dieta , Dieta Saludable , Derecho a la Salud , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Derechos Humanos
13.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2021-12-01. (PAHO/NMH/RF/21-0031).
No convencional en Inglés | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-55242

RESUMEN

Consumption of trans-fatty acids (TFAs) is a major cause of global morbidity and mortality. It has no known health benefits and is a major contributor to heart disease worldwide. It is estimated that TFAs cause about 260,000 deaths every year. To effectively reduce the consumption of TFAs, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) / World Health Organization (WHO) recommend that all countries eliminate industrially produced trans-fatty acids (iTFAs), the main source of TFAs in the human diet, from their national food supply. This publication has been designed to assist government agencies and ministries in developing or reforming national legislation or regulation aiming to eliminate iTFAs from the food supply in their countries. While useful for legally trained readers, this publication is also intended for a nonlegal audience wanting to advance iTFA elimination through regulation. Decision-tree questions are used to help users of this tool populate a context-specific iTFA elimination regulation that aligns with PAHO/WHO best practices. It covers the important provisions to be considered in the text of the regulation, such as those granting legal authority to adopt a TFA regulation, defining the scope of the regulation, creating an inspection and enforcement framework, and setting an effective date. The publication provides a practical overview of key legal aspects of iTFA elimination, focusing on evidence-based, effective, and tested approaches. It provides guidance on how to draft regulations to implement the PAHO/WHO-recommended iTFA elimination policies, as well as supplementary provisions shown to support their effectiveness.


Asunto(s)
Ácidos Grasos trans , Cardiopatías , Mortalidad , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Nutrición, Alimentación y Dieta
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948550

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested many households are meeting the Federal Emergency Management Agency's 3-day emergency food and water storage recommendations. The impact of limited economic household resources on emergency preparedness practices related to food and water is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to compare emergency preparedness practices in households participating in United States' food assistance programs with households not participating in these programs. METHODS: A convenience sample of adults (n = 572) completed an online Qualtrics survey. Descriptive statistics, chi-square statistics, and independent t-tests were used to measure differences between households participating in food assistance programs vs. non-participating households. RESULTS: Most households participating in food assistance programs felt prepared to provide household members with food and water during an emergency, which did not significantly differ from non-participating households. Households using food assistance programs had less accessible cash but had similar foods on-hand for an emergency compared to non-participating households. However, they more frequently reported having baby formula/food and less frequently reported having vitamin/mineral supplements compared to non-participating households. CONCLUSIONS: Food assistance programs may be effective in providing enough food and water to help low-income families be prepared for an emergency.


Asunto(s)
Defensa Civil , Asistencia Alimentaria , Adulto , Composición Familiar , Alimentos , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , Pobreza , Estados Unidos
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948576

RESUMEN

Natural resources are becoming scarcer and, together with the growth of the population, a widespread situation of overexploitation is inevitable that has become the biggest challenge for today's world. In this context, the agri-food sector has a considerable environmental impact in terms of water and energy consumption. For about two decades, the Water-Energy-Food Nexus (WEF) Nexus has been trying to address this problem, focusing on efficient interrelationships among these dimensions. The objective of this work is to analyse the evolution of research on WEF Nexus in the agri-food sector and its development in scientific databases. For that purpose, a bibliometric study was carried out with publications obtained from the Scopus database, examining the main journals, authors, institutions, countries, subject areas, funding sponsors, and keywords. Moreover, a final section is specifically dedicated to the agri-food innovations in WEF Nexus in order to explore innovative aspects to effectively overcome technical barriers that hinder a real implementation of the Nexus approach. The results show that, over the past decade, Nexus research in the agri-food sector has been growing exponentially. The top country in this field is USA, the most studied area is environmental science, and the most relevant keywords are "energy use", "water budget", "food security", "sustainable development", and "water resources".


Asunto(s)
Abastecimiento de Agua , Agua , Alimentos , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Recursos Hídricos
16.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 53(12): 1055-1059, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34895558

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the decrease in very low food security (VLFS) observed in California shortly after California's coronavirus disease (COVID-19) shutdown remained throughout Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2020. To investigate associations among unemployment, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) enrollment, and VLFS across FFY 2020. METHODS: Telephone interview responses from mothers from randomly sampled households from low-income areas throughout California to the 6-item US Department of Agriculture Food Security Survey Module identified VLFS families. Logistic regression examined VLFS rates before vs after California's COVID-19 shutdown, with race/ethnicity, age, and education as covariates. Pearson correlations were calculated for unemployment, SNAP enrollment, and VLFS. RESULTS: Most (66.4%) of the 2,682 mothers were Latina. VLFS declined from 19.3% before to 14.5% after California's COVID-19 shutdown (adjusted odds ratio, 0.705; P = 0.002). The correlation for unemployment and SNAP household participation was 0.854 (P = 0.007), and for SNAP participation and VLFS was -0.869 (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Publicly-funded assistance programs may lower food insecurity, even during a time of increased economic hardship. Examining the specific factors responsible for the observed decline in VLFS has merit. Whether VLFS remains below the rate observed before California's COVID-19 shutdown is worthy of ongoing study.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Asistencia Alimentaria , California , Femenino , Inseguridad Alimentaria , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Desempleo
17.
Inquiry ; 58: 469580211064131, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34928711

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study is to describe the programmatic characteristics of current nutrition incentive projects supported by the Gus Schumacher Nutrition Incentive Program (GusNIP). Specifically, implementation characteristics of nutrition incentive projects that were funded in 2019 were compared across brick and mortar (B&M) and farm direct (FD) sites in the United States. Across 10 nutrition incentive (NI) grantees, there were 621 sites that reported data from B&M (n = 156) and FD (n = 465) locations. Among B&M sites, the common food retail types included: large chain traditional supermarket (n = 49) and independent traditional supermarket (n = 46). Among FD sites, the most frequently reported food retail types were farmers markets (n = 371). For B&M sites, the most common financial instruments were loyalty cards (n = 67, 43.5%), followed by an automatic discount at the register (n = 41, 26.6%), and coupons (n = 29, 18.8%). FD sites frequently reported physical financial instruments including tokens (n = 272, 61.1%), followed by paper vouchers (n = 131, 29.4%). Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) purchases that were eligible to trigger incentives included mainly "all fresh FVs" at B&M sites (n = 98, 48.5%) and "all SNAP eligible items" at FD sites (n = 417, 85.8%). FVs eligible for incentive redemption included mainly "all fresh FVs" for both B&M sites (n = 110, 65.5%) and FD sites (n = 370, 67.6%). In terms of incentive-to-SNAP level ratio, both B&M sites and FD sites reported that they commonly utilized a 1:1 incentive-to-SNAP level ratio (n = 106, 68.8% and n = 261, 94.9% respectively). This paper will provide foundational understanding of the heterogeneity of GusNIP NI projects-specifically between B&M and FD settings-in order to inform future national work and ultimately demonstrate the impact of NI projects on food security status and dietary quality.


Asunto(s)
Asistencia Alimentaria , Motivación , Comportamiento del Consumidor , Granjas , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , Estados Unidos
18.
Gac Sanit ; 35 Suppl 2: S345-S347, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929849

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to investigate legal responsibility of state on food security on the pandemic. METHOD: This research used normative legal research, namely research methods using materials sourced from regulations. METHODS: This study was a normative study, the data is collected through several source such as laws and principle of law. The data then analyzed qualitatively to answer the legal issue. RESULT: The availability of the food in this pandemic, is one of the responsibilities of states as the provider. As the provider of food, the state should make sure about the availability of food for their community first. As it is state that the food is one of the rights that have to be fulfilled. The society and government should cooperate together. CONCLUSIONS: Food security occurs when all people have an access to enough, safe, and nutritious food for their healthy life.


Asunto(s)
Gobierno , Pandemias , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948815

RESUMEN

In the United States, food pantries increasingly serve as regular food sources for low income households experiencing high rates of chronic disease, including hypertension. Sodium consumption is a modifiable risk factor for hypertension, so pantry customers would benefit from access to low-sodium foods. Pantry customers often experience difficulty acquiring healthy foods, however; little is known about pantry foods' sodium content specifically. This study assesses the sodium content of pantry foods and lessons learned from an adaptable intervention to support pantries in adopting policies and environmental changes to make healthy, lower-sodium foods appealing and accessible. We conducted sodium assessments of food at 13 food pantries, tracked implementation of intervention strategies, and interviewed 10 pantry directors. More than half of food items in 11 categories met sodium standards for foods to be chosen "often". Pantry directors reported valuing the intervention approach and implemented six of nine behavioral economics strategies, especially those targeting the visibility and convenience of foods, along with layout changes and expanded customer choice. One pantry adopted an agency-specific nutrition policy and 12 adopted a coalition-level policy. Results can inform intervention efforts to make available healthy options appealing and easy to select while also improving the customer experience in food pantries.


Asunto(s)
Asistencia Alimentaria , Alimentos , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Política Nutricional , Sodio
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948951

RESUMEN

The built environment contributes to an individual's health, and rural geographies face unique challenges for healthy eating and active living. The purpose of this descriptive study was to assess the nutrition and physical activity environments in rural communities with high obesity prevalence. One community within each of six high obesity prevalence counties in a rural Midwest state completed the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Stores (NEMS-S) and the Rural Active Living Assessment (RALA). Data were collected by trained community members and study staff. All communities had at least one grocery store and five had at least one convenience store. Grocery stores had higher mean total NEMS-S scores than convenience stores (26.6 vs. 6.0, p < 0.001), and higher scores for availability (18.7 vs. 5.3, p < 0.001) and quality (5.4 vs. 0, p < 0.001) of healthful foods (higher scores are preferable). The mean RALA town-wide assessment score across communities was 56.5 + 15.6 out of a possible 100 points. The mean RALA program and policy assessment score was 40.8 + 20.4 out of a possible 100 points. While grocery stores and schools are important for enhancing food and physical environments in rural areas, many opportunities exist for improvements to impact behaviors and address obesity.


Asunto(s)
Comercio , Población Rural , Ejercicio Físico , Alimentos , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Humanos , Obesidad/epidemiología
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