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1.
J Oral Sci ; 63(2): 191-194, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790090

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of slurry abrasive levels and acidic challenges on the development of non-carious cervical lesions. METHODS: Ninety-six extracted upper premolars were affixed in pairs to acrylic blocks and had their root surfaces covered by acrylic resin except for 2 mm from the cemento-enamel junction. The specimens were distributed into six groups (n = 8 pairs) based on two experimental factors: (1) slurry abrasivity level [low/medium/high] and (2) citric acid challenge [yes/no]. Specimens were brushed for 5,000, 15,000, 35,000, and 65,000 strokes. Volume loss (VL) was determined based on optical profilometry scans of specimens impressions at the baseline and at subsequent brushing levels. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance and Bonferroni pairwise comparison (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Higher VL values were associated with high-abrasivity slurries relative to low- and medium-abrasivity slurries (P < 0.001). Increasing the slurry abrasivity level increased the VL regardless of the acidic challenge, which did not have a significant effect (P = 0.184). After 65,000 strokes, significant VL was recorded in all groups relative to preceding brushing levels (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Higher values of time-dependent surface loss were associated with increased dentifrice slurry abrasivity, regardless of the citric acid challenge.


Asunto(s)
Dentífricos , Abrasión de los Dientes , Erosión de los Dientes , Humanos , Abrasión de los Dientes/etiología , Cuello del Diente , Erosión de los Dientes/etiología , Cepillado Dental , Pastas de Dientes
2.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 19(1): 51-57, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491378

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: A previous clinical study showed that the prevalence of erosive toothwear in vegetarians is statistically significantly higher than in nonvegetarians, due to the consumption of vinegar and other acidic foodstuffs. To adequately inform patients, this study investigated the erosive potential of bottled salad dressings available in Switzerland and compared it with that of orange juice. Materials and Methods: One hundred enamel samples of bovine teeth were divided into ten groups. Samples were placed in 1 of 9 bottled salad dressings or orange juice (Granini) for 2 min. Afterwards, they were rinsed with Zürich tap water for 30 s, followed by abrasion with a toothbrush for 20 brush strokes and a toothpaste-saliva mixture. Erosive/abrasive enamel wear was determined with contact profilometry after 40 cycles. Results: The enamel wear (median/IQR) caused by Tradition Sauce Balsamique (9.5 µm/5.3 µm), M-Classic Dressing Italiano (10.9 µm/12.3 µm), Betty Bossi Balsamico Dressing (9.4 µm/4.5 µm) and Thomy Balsamico Vinaigrette Dressing (14.2 µm/6.5 µm) was statistically significantly higher than that caused by orange juice (2.4 µm/0.8 µm). Enamel wear caused by M-Classic Dressing French Joghurt (0.2 µm/0.2 µm) and Coop Qualité & Prix French Dressing (1.2 µm/1.0 µm) was statistically significantly lower compared to that of orange juice. Conclusions: The pure balsamico vinegar-based dressings (Italian type) showed a statistically significantly higher erosive potential than orange juice, whereas dressings containing calcium-rich products (enriched with milk and/or cream) (French-type) caused lower enamel wear than orange juice. The study shows that some bottled dressings have erosive potential even higher than orange juice and patients should be informed accordingly.


Asunto(s)
Abrasión de los Dientes , Erosión de los Dientes , Animales , Bovinos , Condimentos , Esmalte Dental , Humanos , Suiza , Erosión de los Dientes/inducido químicamente
3.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 713-718, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895654

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate dentin abrasivity and cleaning efficacy of novel/alternative toothpastes containing diamond particles, active carbon, sea salt or organic oils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two bovine dentin samples (for measuring abrasivity) and 60 human dentin samples (for assessing cleaning efficacy) were used in this study. Samples were divided into six groups as follows: group 1: Elmex Kariesschutz (hydrated silica); group 2: Lavera Neutral Zahngel (sea salt); group 3: Curaprox Black is White (active carbon); group 4: Swiss Smile Diamond Glow (diamond powder); group 5: Ringana Fresh Tooth Oil (hydrated silica); and group 6: artificial saliva. Samples were brushed for a total of 26 min at 120 strokes/min, replacing slurries (1 part respective toothpaste and 2 parts artificial saliva) every 2 min. Finally, abrasive dentin wear was measured profilometrically and cleaning efficacy planimetrically. RESULTS: The highest abrasivity values were observed for Lavera Neutral Zahngel (sea salt 9.2 µm) and Elmex Kariesschutz group (hydrated silica 6.0 µm). The lowest abrasivity value was observed for Ringana Fresh Tooth Oil group (hydrated silica 1.3 µm). The highest cleaning efficacy was observed for Elmex Kariesschutz group (86.7%) and the lowest cleaning efficacy was observed for Ringana Fresh Tooth Oil group (31.3%). CONCLUSION: The addition of diamond powder or active carbon to toothpastes could offer high cleaning efficacy with low dentin abrasivity. The addition of sea salt to traditional abrasives might cause high abrasive dentin wear without adding further cleaning benefit.


Asunto(s)
Abrasión de los Dientes , Pastas de Dientes , Animales , Bovinos , Dentina , Humanos , Saliva Artificial , Cepillado Dental
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 807-814, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895665

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate whether toothpastes with diamond powder vs those with traditional abrasives abrade dentin and enamel differently and to determine the relative dentin abrasivity (RDA) and relative enamel abrasivity (REA) values of those toothpastes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dentin and enamel samples of bovine permanent incisors were randomly allocated into groups of eight, brushed with 20 different toothpastes (three of which contained diamond powder) and analysed for their RDA and REA values. RESULTS: Toothpastes with diamond powder exhibit low RDA values but high REA values. Some RDA values exceeded the ones declared by the manufacturer. CONCLUSION: Diamond powder as an abrasive might have a mild action on dentin, but it is highly abrasive on enamel.


Asunto(s)
Abrasión de los Dientes , Pastas de Dientes , Animales , Bovinos , Esmalte Dental , Dentina , Diamante , Cepillado Dental
5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(36): 22264-22273, 2020 09 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839331

RESUMEN

Food processing wears down teeth, thus affecting tooth functionality and evolutionary success. Other than intrinsic silica phytoliths, extrinsic mineral dust/grit adhering to plants causes tooth wear in mammalian herbivores. Dental microwear texture analysis (DMTA) is widely applied to infer diet from microscopic dental wear traces. The relationship between external abrasives and dental microwear texture (DMT) formation remains elusive. Feeding experiments with sheep have shown negligible effects of dust-laden grass and browse, suggesting that intrinsic properties of plants are more important. Here, we explore the effect of clay- to sand-sized mineral abrasives (quartz, volcanic ash, loess, kaolin) on DMT in a controlled feeding experiment with guinea pigs. By adding 1, 4, 5, or 8% mineral abrasives to a pelleted base diet, we test for the effect of particle size, shape, and amount on DMT. Wear by fine-grained quartz (>5/<50 µm), loess, and kaolin is not significantly different from the abrasive-free control diet. Fine silt-sized quartz (∼5 µm) results in higher surface anisotropy and lower roughness (polishing effect). Coarse-grained volcanic ash leads to significantly higher complexity, while fine sands (130 to 166 µm) result in significantly higher roughness. Complexity and roughness values exceed those from feeding experiments with guinea pigs who received plants with different phytolith content. Our results highlight that large (>95-µm) external silicate abrasives lead to distinct microscopic wear with higher roughness and complexity than caused by mineral abrasive-free herbivorous diets. Hence, high loads of mineral dust and grit in natural diets might be identified by DMTA, also in the fossil record.


Asunto(s)
Alimentación Animal , Cobayas , Plantas , Abrasión de los Dientes/veterinaria , Desgaste de los Dientes/veterinaria , Animales , Dieta/veterinaria , Herbivoria , Tamaño de la Partícula , Abrasión de los Dientes/etiología
6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 323-328, 2020 May 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392974

RESUMEN

Non-carious cervical lesion is a common dental disease, which not only affects the aesthetic and function of the teeth, but also leads to dentin sensitivity, pulpitis and other consequences. The main causes of lesions are abrasion, abfraction, acid erosion and so on. The treatment design should depend on the etiology, defect size, location, symptoms and presence or absence of gingival recession.


Asunto(s)
Recesión Gingival , Abrasión de los Dientes , Cuello del Diente/patología , Erosión de los Dientes , Humanos
7.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 329-332, 2020 May 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392975

RESUMEN

Hard tissue defects at cervical site of tooth has been called the wedge-shaped defect in China for a long time. Other terms, abfraction and non-carious cervical lesions have been proposed in early 1990s. These three different terms are reviewed and analyzed in the present article. The author suggests to use the term non-carious cervical lesions to replace the term wedge-shaped defect in China.


Asunto(s)
Terminología como Asunto , Enfermedades Dentales/clasificación , Enfermedades Dentales/diagnóstico , China , Humanos , Abrasión de los Dientes , Cuello del Diente , Erosión de los Dientes
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 98, 2020 04 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32264864

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the load-induced strain variation in teeth with unrestored and resin-based composite restored non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). METHODS: Twelve extracted premolars were provided for measuring buccal-side root NCCLs. Strain gauges were fixed at four measuring sites of each tooth, two at the buccal surface and two at the lingual surface. NCCLs were prepared with occlusal margins at the cemento-enamel junction. A static 9-kg load was applied at seven occlusal loading points: buccal cusp tip (BC), inner inclination of the BC, lingual cusp tip (LC), inner inclination of the LC, center of the mesial marginal ridge or distal marginal ridge, and center of the central groove. The strain was detected at each site in teeth with NCCL depths of 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mm. Each NCCL was restored using an adhesive composite resin, and the strains were re-measured. RESULTS: The strains at the NCCL occlusal and gingival margins decreased with increasing defect depths, and the effect was significant when the depth of the defect was 1.5 mm. Loading on the buccal and lingual cusps induced prominent strain variation. The strains at all depth distribution recovered to nearly intact conditions when the NCCLs were restored. CONCLUSIONS: NCCLs at 1.5 mm depth are detrimental, but they can be restored using resin composites. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The existence of NCCLs should not be ignored. The depth of the NCCL may affect the progression of the lesion. Resin composite restoration is an appropriate method for preventing persistent NCCL deterioration.


Asunto(s)
Diente Premolar/patología , Resinas Compuestas , Esmalte Dental/fisiología , Restauración Dental Permanente , Abrasión de los Dientes/terapia , Cuello del Diente/patología , Erosión de los Dientes/terapia , Diente Premolar/fisiología , Fuerza Compresiva , Preparación de la Cavidad Dental , Materiales Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Abrasión de los Dientes/fisiopatología , Erosión de los Dientes/fisiopatología
10.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 53-59, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051971

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate dental enamel wear caused by erosion and abrasion while using a combination of anti-erosive toothbrush/-paste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 enamel specimens from bovine incisors were randomly assigned into five groups of 12 specimens each (G1-5, n = 12): (G1) control group (no treatment), (G2) standard medium toothbrush Paro M43 and standard toothpaste Elmex Caries Protection, (G3) standard medium toothbrush Paro M43 and anti-erosive toothpaste Elmex Protection Erosion, (G4) anti-erosive toothbrush Elmex Erosion Soft and standard toothpaste Elmex Caries Protection, (G5) anti-erosive toothbrush Elmex Erosion Soft and anti-erosive toothpaste Elmex Protection Erosion. Initially, surface baseline profiles were recorded using profilometry. In a total of 60 cycles, all specimens were exposed to hydrochloric acid (pH = 3) for 1 min, rinsed with tap water to stop the erosive attack and brushed according to the specific protocol of each group (15 brushing strokes per run). Enamel loss was determined by comparing the surface profiles before and after 60 cycles and the results were statistically analysed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). RESULTS: The significantly highest loss of enamel was observed in the control group G1(1.4 ± 0.20 µm) (p < 0.001). G2 turned out to be the most abrasive toothbrush/-paste combination (1.12 ± 0.15 µm), G3 the least invasive (0.40 ± 0.04 µm) (p < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: All combinations of the investigated toothbrushes/-pastes reduce erosive/abrasive enamel wear. However, the highest reduction was observed for the combination of anti-erosive toothpaste and standard toothbrush (G3).


Asunto(s)
Abrasión de los Dientes , Erosión de los Dientes , Animales , Bovinos , Esmalte Dental , Cepillado Dental , Pastas de Dientes
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(6): 2051-2060, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624923

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of toothpastes on dentine surface loss and tubule occlusion, and the association of toothpaste-related factors to each of the outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty human dentine specimens were randomly distributed into 10 groups, according to different toothpastes. The specimens were submitted to artificial saliva (60 min), citric acid (3 min), and brushing abrasion (25 s; totalizing 2 min in toothpaste slurries). This was repeated five times and two outcome variables were analyzed: dentine surface loss (dSL; µm) and tubule occlusion by measurement of the total area of open tubules (Area-OT; µm2). Data were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α = 0.05); bivariate and multivariate regressions were used to model the association of the chemical (pH, concentration of F-, Ca2+, and PO43- and presence of Sn2+) and physical (% weight of solid particles, particle size, and wettability) factors of the toothpastes to both outcome variables. RESULTS: Toothpastes caused different degrees of dSL and did not differ in Area-OT. All chemical and physical factors, except the presence of Sn2+, were associated with dSL (p < 0.001). Area-OT was associated only with the presence of Sn2+ (p = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Greater dSL was associated with lower pH, lower concentration of F-, higher concentration of Ca2+ and PO43-, greater % weight of solid particles, smaller particle size, and lesser wettability, whereas tubule occlusion was associated with the presence of Sn2+. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Depending on their chemical and physical composition, toothpastes will cause different degrees of dentine tubule occlusion and dentine surface loss. This could, in turn, modulate dentine hypersensitivity.


Asunto(s)
Desensibilizantes Dentinarios , Abrasión de los Dientes , Erosión de los Dientes , Pastas de Dientes , Dentina , Humanos , Saliva Artificial , Abrasión de los Dientes/prevención & control , Erosión de los Dientes/prevención & control , Cepillado Dental
13.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104580, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593890

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the erosive tooth wear promoted by commercial whitening toothpastes on eroded dentin in vitro. DESIGN: Ninety bovine roots were embedded, polished and subjected to the baseline profile analysis. The samples were protected in 2/3 of the dentin surface and were randomly assigned to 6 groups (n = 15/group): Oral-B 3D White; Close-up Diamond Attraction Power White; Sorriso Xtreme White 4D; Colgate Luminous White; Crest and erosion only. All samples were submitted to erosive pH cycles (4 × 90 s in 0.1% citric acid, pH 2.5, per day) and abrasive challenges (2 × 15 s, per day) for 7 days. The samples were subjected to abrasion, using toothbrushing machine, soft toothbrushes and slurries of the tested toothpastes (1.5 N, 1:3 water). Between the challenges, the samples were immersed in artificial saliva. The final profile was overlaid to the baseline profile for the calculation of the erosive dentin wear (µm). The data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn tests (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Colgate Luminous White (4.7 µm) and Sorriso Xtreme White 4D (4.0 µm) promoted the highest wear, similarly to Oral-B 3D White (2.3 µm). Oral-B 3D White promoted similar wear compared to Crest (1.1 µm) and Close-up Diamond Attraction Power White (1.2 µm); however, it induced significant higher dentin wear compared to erosion only (1.0 µm). Close-up Diamond Attraction Power White and Crest did not increase the erosive wear compared to erosion only. CONCLUSION: Some whitening toothpastes increase the wear of eroded dentin, which should be considered by the dentist when prescribing them to patient with root exposure.


Asunto(s)
Dentina , Abrasión de los Dientes , Erosión de los Dientes , Pastas de Dientes/efectos adversos , Animales , Bovinos , Distribución Aleatoria , Cepillado Dental
14.
J Dent ; 92: 103247, 2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743693

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Chitosan (Ch) in F/Sn-toothpastes can increase toothpastes' anti-erosive efficacy. Whether efficacy can be further increased by changing chitosan's viscosity was study aim. METHODS: 192 human enamel specimens were assigned to 2 × 6 groups (n = 16 each): Four F/Sn (500 ppm F-, 800 ppm Sn2+) toothpastes with chitosan (0.5 %, viscosity 50, 500, 1000 or 2000 mPas), negative-control (no F/Sn/chitosan), positive-control (F/Sn, no chitosan). The study was conducted in two experiments (E1/E2). Specimens were cyclically demineralised (10 d, 6 × 2 min/d; 0.5 % citric acid); half of groups (E1) was exposed to toothpaste slurries (2 × 2 min/d), the other half was additionally brushed (2 × 15 s/d, E2). Tissue loss (mean ±â€¯SD, µm) was quantified profilometrically. Element analysis (EDX, wt%) on specimen surfaces and on toothpastes' particulate fraction and SEM analysis of specimen surfaces were performed. RESULTS: Tissue loss in negative-controls (E1/E2) was 4.96 ±â€¯1.55/12.76 ±â€¯2.45. Toothpastes with active agents (AA) reduced tissue loss compared to negative-control (p < 0.0001). E1: All AA caused precipitates, being the thickest after Ch500. Chitosan increased carbon retention, not tin retention. E2: Only Ch1000 increased efficacy (-0.97 ±â€¯4.48) compared to positive-control (2.98 ±â€¯1.32; p = 0.05). EDX showed comparable carbon values in all AA; tin content was higher in Ch1000 (6.5 ±â€¯3.4) compared to other AA (range: 3.8 ±â€¯0.3-4.3 ±â€¯1.3). On abrasives, tin adsorption was decreased by all chitosans. SEM revealed minor structural differences. CONCLUSIONS: Chitosan viscosity has impact on efficacy of F/Sn toothpastes. Under erosive/abrasive conditions Ch1000 showed the best protective effect with higher tin retention on surfaces and lower tin absorption by abrasives. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The biopolymer chitosan shows protective effect against enamel erosion and erosion/abrasion when used in an F/Sn toothpaste with specific viscosity.


Asunto(s)
Quitosano , Abrasión de los Dientes , Erosión de los Dientes , Esmalte Dental , Humanos , Fluoruro de Sodio , Fluoruros de Estaño , Cepillado Dental , Pastas de Dientes , Viscosidad
15.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104549, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541844

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study aimed to evaluate different periods of exposure to clarified human saliva for the ability to protect enamel against erosive tooth wear. METHODS: For this purpose, sixty specimens (4 × 4 × 1.5 mm) were prepared from third human molars. For all groups, the period before abrasion was performed by remineralisation with human saliva (except in G1). The specimens were randomly divided into six groups (n = 10) according to the different remineralisation times of exposure to clarified human saliva: no exposure to saliva (G1) and 30 min (G2), 60 min (G3), 90 min (G4), 120 min (G5), and 240 min (G6) of exposure to human saliva. A 5-day cycling was performed with 5 min of erosion (1% citric acid; pH 2.3), 4x/day. After the first and last erosive episodes, the abrasion challenge was performed with slurry of fluoride toothpaste (1450 ppm F-, as sodium monofluorophosphate) plus human saliva (1:3), with an electric toothbrush (15 s, with a total of 120 s of slurry immersion). Surface loss (SL) was determined using an optical profilometer (n = 10) and for qualitative analysis, environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) was performed (n = 3). The SL data were statistically analysed by one-way analysis of variance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: No significant differences were detected among the groups for SL (p > 0.05), and ESEM showed similar aspects of eroded enamel. CONCLUSIONS: The period of in vitro exposure to clarified human saliva was not able to protect against enamel erosion.


Asunto(s)
Esmalte Dental/patología , Saliva/química , Abrasión de los Dientes , Erosión de los Dientes , Humanos , Distribución Aleatoria , Cepillado Dental/instrumentación , Pastas de Dientes
16.
Periodontia ; 30(3): 8-16, 2020. tab, ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1129628

RESUMEN

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate gingival abrasion of soft toothbrushes. Material and Methods: This randomized, crossover, blind study tested three commercially available manual soft toothbrushes: CURAPROX® 5460 (CPX), Colgate Slim Soft (COG) and ORAL-B® Indicator 30 Plus (ORB). Fifteen men and 15 women were randomly divided into 3 groups (N=10), who used all the brushes in three consecutive stages of 14 days each. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and gingival abrasion (GA) were assessed at the end of each experimental stage. Participants were also scored their perception of brush comfort, trauma, and cleanliness with visual analog scales (VAS). Friedman nonparametric test was used to analyze the data (p≤0.05). Results: No statistically significant differences were found among the tested brushes for any of the studied variables. When present, gingival abrasion lesions were mostly small (<2 mm). There was no difference between PI and GI between the 3 brushes. However, in patients' perception, CPX had significantly higher scores for comfort, while COG presented higher scores for trauma and ORB for cleanliness. Conclusion: The results indicate that all the tested brushes were similar concerning gingival abrasion and plaque control. However, patients reported different levels of satisfaction concerning their use. When recommending a soft toothbrush, clinicians should take into consideration individual patient requirements, and provide instructions of use based on the specific characteristics of each brush. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a abrasão gengival de escovas dentais macias. Material e Métodos: Este estudo randomizado, cruzado e cego testou três escovas manuais macias comercialmente disponíveis: CURAPROX® 5460 (CPX), Colgate® Slim Soft (COG) e ORAL-B® Indicator 30 Plus (ORB). Quinze homens e 15 mulheres foram aleatoriamente divididos em 3 grupos (N = 10), que utilizaram todas as escovas em três estágios consecutivos de 14 dias cada. Índice de placa (IP), índice gengival (IG) e abrasão gengival foram avaliados no final de cada estágio experimental. Os participantes também pontuaram quanto à sua percepção de conforto, trauma e limpeza das escovas com escalas analógicas visuais (EVA). Os dados foram analisados com o teste não paramétrico de Friedman (p≤0,05). Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as escovas testadas em relação à abrasão gengival. Quando presentes, as lesões de abrasão gengivais eram em sua maioria pequenas (<2 mm). Não houve diferença entre o IP e IG apresentados pelas 3 escovas. Porém, na percepção dos pacientes, a CPX apresentou escores significativamente maiores para conforto, enquanto a COG apresentou maior trauma e a ORB maior sensação de limpeza. Conclusão: Os resultados indicam que as escovas testadas foram semelhantes quanto à abrasão gengival e controle de placa. No entanto, os pacientes relataram diferentes níveis de satisfação em relação ao seu uso. Ao recomendar uma escova de dentes macia, os dentistas devem levar em consideração os requisitos individuais do paciente e fornecer instruções de uso com base nas características específicas de cada escova. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Higiene Bucal , Abrasión de los Dientes , Cepillado Dental , Placa Dental
17.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(4): e1998, oct.-dez. 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093255

RESUMEN

RESUMO Introdução: As lesões cervicais não cariosas são lesões dentárias, que apresentam etiologia multifatorial, sem o envolvimento de bactérias. Objetivo: Descrever as características clínicas, etiologia e tratamento das lesões cervicais não-cariosas. Métodos: Realizou-se uma revisão bibliográfica de estudos publicados nos últimos 5 anos (2014-2018) por meio da busca nas bases de dados: PubMED/Medline, Lilacs, Science Direct, SciELO (Scientific Eletronic Library) e Google Acadêmico. Para a pesquisa foram utilizados os seguintes descritores: "lesões cervicais não cariosas (non-carious cervical lesions)", "abrasão dentária (dental abrasion)", "erosão dentária (dental erosion)", "abfração dentária (dental abfraction)" e "atrição dentária (dental atrittion). Após criteriosa filtragem, foram selecionados 26 artigos e 2 livros para inclusão no estudo. Análise e integração das informações: As lesões cervicais não cariosas comumente classificadas em: abrasão, abfração, erosão e atrição. Essas lesões podem apresentar diversas formas, apesar de serem incluídas em uma classe genérica de denominação. São lesões que causam a perda gradativa dos tecidos mineralizados dentários, podendo trazer inúmeras consequências ao dente acometido. Conclusão: Para um correto diagnóstico e decisão de tratamento, essas lesões devem ser vistas sob seu aspecto etiológico multifatorial. Diversas possibilidades terapêuticas podem ser utilizadas no tratamento dessas lesões sendo necessário que o clínico conheça os principais fatores etiológicos e características clínicas que as diferenciem(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Las lesiones cervicales no cariosas son lesiones dentales, que presentan etiología multifactorial, sin la participación de bacterias. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, etiología y tratamiento de las lesiones cervicales no cariosas. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de estudios publicados en los últimos 5 años (2014-2018) a través de la búsqueda en las bases de datos: PubMED / Medline, Lilacs, Science Direct, SciELO (Scientific Eletronic Library) y Google Académico. Para la investigación se utilizaron los siguientes descriptores: "lesiones cervicales no cariosas", "abrasión dental", "erosión dental", "abfracción dental" y " " atrición dental. Después de un cuidadoso filtrado, se seleccionaron 26 artículos y 2 libros para su inclusión en el estudio. Análisis e integración de las informaciones: Las lesiones cervicales no cariosas comúnmente clasificadas en: abrasión, abfración, erosión y atrición. Estas lesiones pueden presentar diversas formas, aunque se incluyen en una clase genérica de denominación. Son lesiones que causan la pérdida gradual de los tejidos mineralizados dentales, pudiendo traer innumerables consecuencias al diente acometido. Conclusiones: Para un correcto diagnóstico y decisión de tratamiento, estas lesiones deben ser vistas bajo su aspecto etiológico multifactorial. Diversas posibilidades terapéuticas pueden ser utilizadas en el tratamiento de esas lesiones, por lo que resulta necesario que el clínico conozca los principales factores etiológicos y características clínicas que las diferencien(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Non-carious cervical lesions are dental lesions of a multifactorial etiology, without the involvement of bacteria. Objective: Describe the clinical characteristics, etiology and treatment of non-carious cervical lesions Methods: A bibliographic review was conducted of studies published in the last five years (2014-2018) by searching the databases PubMED / Medline, Lilacs, Science Direct, SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library) and Google Scholar. The following descriptors were used: "non-carious cervical lesions", "dental abrasion", "dental erosion", "dental abfraction" and "dental attrition. After careful filtering, 26 articles and two books were selected for inclusion in the study. Data analysis and integration: Non-carious cervical lesions are commonly classified as abrasion, abfraction, erosion and attrition. These lesions may present various forms, but they are all grouped in a single generic class. They are lesions that cause the gradual loss of mineralized dental tissue, which may bring countless consequences to the affected tooth. Conclusions: For a correct diagnosis and treatment decision, these lesions must be seen under their multifactorial etiological aspect. Various therapeutic possibilities may be used in the treatment of these lesions, and it is necessary for the clinician to know the main etiological factors and clinical characteristics that differentiate them(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Abrasión de los Dientes/etiología , Erosión de los Dientes/terapia , Literatura de Revisión como Asunto , Atrición Dental/etiología , Bases de Datos Bibliográficas , Técnicas y Procedimientos Diagnósticos/efectos adversos
18.
Wiad Lek ; 72(7): 1315-1319, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398162

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Violation of oral fluid mineralization processes, which is determined by the mineralization potential of saliva, is associated with changes in the physicochemical parameters of the oral fluid, particularly its viscosity. The aim of our study was to study mineralization potential and types of microstallation of oral fluid as one of the factors of influence on the cariesogenic situation in the oral cavity of patients with physiological or pathological tooth abrasion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: During the examination of patients' oral cavity, a comprehensive assessment of tooth hard tissues was performed in order to of study activity and prevalence of the processes occurring in them. RESULTS: Results: Assessing the physico-chemical parameters of oral fluid in patients of the first experimental group, we obtained the following results: the viscosity of saliva in subgroups was 2,17 ± 0,87 for subgroup #1, 1,78 ± 0,57 for subgroup #2, and 2,15 ± 0,86 for #3 subgroups, which did not have a significant difference between the indices within the group. During the research, the number of independent structures of oral fluid in subgroups 1-3 was 1.67 ± 0.86, 1.67 ± 0.77 and 1.57 ± 0.85. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Thus, we have established that the mineralizing function of saliva changes when the cariesogenic situation in the oral cavity arises,. This leads to destabilization of the crystalline structure of the oral fluid and indicates the relationship between its structural and mineralizing properties.


Asunto(s)
Abrasión de los Dientes , Humanos , Hidrodinámica , Boca , Saliva
19.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220823, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369650

RESUMEN

This in vitro study examined the sealing ability of different desensitizing agents under a chemo-mechanical stress condition. For the study, a total of 144 extracted, caries-free human third molars were used to produce 1 mm-thick dentin discs. The specimens were divided randomly into four groups: Superseal (SS), Gluma (GL), Gluma Self-etch (GS), and Tooth Coat (TC). For each group, the permeability was measured before and after applying the desensitizer, after being exposed to Coca Cola for 5 minutes, and after 3150 strokes of a brushing abrasion. The decrease in permeability after the erosive and abrasive stress was analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test. As a result, the dentin permeability decreased significantly for all desensitizers immediately after application (p < 0.05). SS and GS showed a significant difference in permeability reduction observed immediately after application and after acid action with Coca Cola (p < 0.05). After brushing abrasion, the permeability reduction decreased significantly for all desensitizers tested in this study (p < 0.05). TC showed the largest decrease in dentinal permeability compared to that of the other desensitizers and the differences were significant after brushing abrasion (p < 0.05). All tested desensitizers were effective in reducing dentin permeability. The behavioral characteristics under erosive and abrasive stress varied according to the products used. TC exhibited excellent sealing ability among the other desensitizers.


Asunto(s)
Desensibilizantes Dentinarios/uso terapéutico , Sensibilidad de la Dentina/tratamiento farmacológico , Tercer Molar/efectos de los fármacos , Selladores de Fosas y Fisuras/uso terapéutico , Dentina/efectos de los fármacos , Glutaral/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Ácido Oxálico/uso terapéutico , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/uso terapéutico , Abrasión de los Dientes/metabolismo , Erosión de los Dientes/metabolismo
20.
Arch Oral Biol ; 108: 104520, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445424

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: 1. To evaluate the use of fluoridated mouthrinses before or after toothbrushing on erosive tooth wear. 2. To compare the anti-erosive effect of the combination toothpaste and mouthrinse containing fluoride, with or without stannous chloride. DESIGN: Enamel and dentin specimens were randomly distributed into groups (n = 10 of each substrate/group): B-brushing, B + R-brushing + rinsing, and R + B-rinsing + brushing. The treatments were performed using a fluoride toothpaste (BF: 1400 ppm fluoride, as amino fluoride-AmF) combined or not with a fluoride mouthrinse (RF: 250 ppm fluoride, as AmF and sodium fluoride-NaF) or fluoride and stannous toothpaste (BF+Sn: 1400 ppm fluoride, as AmF and NaF, 3500 ppm stannous, as stannous chloride-SnCl2 and 0.5% chitosan) combined or not with fluoride and stannous mouthrinse (RF+Sn: 500 ppm fluoride, as AmF and NaF, 800 ppm stannous, as SnCl2). As control, brushing was performed with artificial saliva (BC). Specimens were submitted to a 5-day erosive-abrasive cycling model. Treatments were performed twice daily. Surface loss (SL) was determined by optical profilometry. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Games-Howell tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: For enamel, RF+BF and RF+Sn+BF+Sn presented significantly lower SL than the control, with RF+BF being significantly lower than RF+Sn+BF+Sn. For dentin, BC had the lowest SL, not differing from BF+Sn+RF+Sn, RF+Sn+BF+Sn and BF. Groups RF+BF and BF+RF showed highest SL, not differing from BF+Sn and BF+Sn. CONCLUSIONS: For enamel, the use of a mouthrinse before brushing was able to reduce erosive wear for both fluoride and stannous products. For dentin, the use of stannous-containing products, irrespective of the order of application, presented superior effects.


Asunto(s)
Fluoruros , Abrasión de los Dientes , Erosión de los Dientes , Desgaste de los Dientes , Cepillado Dental , Humanos , Fluoruro de Sodio , Pastas de Dientes
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