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1.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud, LIS-fiocruz-SI | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-47130

RESUMEN

Quem responde a pergunta é Ana Lúcia Pontes, médica sanitarista, pesquisadora da Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca (Ensp/Fiocruz) e coordenadora do Grupo de Trabalho de Saúde Indígena da Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva (Abrasco). Para ela, esse é um momento crucial para o trabalho desses profissionais.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Agentes Comunitarios de Salud , Salud de Poblaciones Indígenas , Acceso a la Información , Sistemas Locales de Salud , Políticas de Control Social
2.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud, LIS-fiocruz-SI | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-47131

RESUMEN

Já discutimos em programas anteriores algumas preocupações em relação ao coronavírus em comunidades indígenas. À medida que o novo vírus se alastra pelo Brasil, crescem os temores de que comunidades indígenas sejam dramaticamente afetadas pela covid-19. Por isso, nesse Policast, Ana Lúcia Pontes, médica sanitarista, pesquisadora da Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca (Ensp/Fiocruz) e coordenadora do Grupo de Trabalho de Saúde Indígena da Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva (Abrasco), fala sobre o importante papel do Agente Indígena de Saúde (AIS) na prevenção e combate da Covid-19. Ana Lúcia destaca o papel de educação em saúde, busca ativa dos casos suspeitos e identificação e acompanhamento das pessoas com agravos.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Salud , Promoción de la Salud , Acceso a la Información , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio , Desinfectantes para las Manos , Coronavirus
3.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-47123

RESUMEN

Promoção da qualificação na oficina para jornalistas sobre coronavírus oferecida pela Fundação Oswaldo Cruz em 12 de fevereiro de 2020.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Periodismo/tendencias , Comunicación Social , Sensibilización Pública , Acceso a la Información , Educación , Coronavirus , Comunicación en Salud
8.
J Dent Educ ; 84(2): 176-185, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043587

RESUMEN

Dental education has seen increases in global health and international educational experiences in many dental schools' curricula. In response, the Consortium of Universities for Global Health's Global Oral Health Interest Group aims to develop readily available, open access resources for competency-based global oral health teaching and learning. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a Global Health Starter Kit (GHSK), an interdisciplinary, competency-based, open access curriculum for dental faculty members who wish to teach global oral health in their courses. Phase I (2012-17) evaluated longitudinal outcomes from two Harvard School of Dental Medicine pilot global health courses with 32 advanced and 34 predoctoral dental students. In Phase II (2018), the Phase I outcomes informed development, implementation, and evaluation of the open access GHSK (45 enrollees) written by an interdisciplinary, international team of 13 content experts and consisting of five modules: Global Trends, Global Goals, Back to Basics: Primary Care, Social Determinants and Risks, and Ethics and Sustainability. In Phase III (summer and fall 2018), five additional pilot institutions (two U.S. dental schools, one U.S. dental hygiene program, and two dental schools in low- and middle-income countries) participated in an early adoption of the GHSK curriculum. The increase in perceived knowledge scores of students enrolled in the pilot global health courses was similar to those enrolled in the GHSK, suggesting the kit educated students as well or better in nearly all categories than prior course materials. This study found the GHSK led to improvements in learning in the short term and may also contribute to long-term career planning and decision making by providing competency-based global health education.


Asunto(s)
Salud Global , Salud Bucal , Acceso a la Información , Curriculum , Humanos , Facultades de Odontología
13.
Glob Chang Biol ; 26(1): 119-188, 2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891233

RESUMEN

Plant traits-the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants-determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels, and influence ecosystem properties and their benefits and detriments to people. Plant trait data thus represent the basis for a vast area of research spanning from evolutionary biology, community and functional ecology, to biodiversity conservation, ecosystem and landscape management, restoration, biogeography and earth system modelling. Since its foundation in 2007, the TRY database of plant traits has grown continuously. It now provides unprecedented data coverage under an open access data policy and is the main plant trait database used by the research community worldwide. Increasingly, the TRY database also supports new frontiers of trait-based plant research, including the identification of data gaps and the subsequent mobilization or measurement of new data. To support this development, in this article we evaluate the extent of the trait data compiled in TRY and analyse emerging patterns of data coverage and representativeness. Best species coverage is achieved for categorical traits-almost complete coverage for 'plant growth form'. However, most traits relevant for ecology and vegetation modelling are characterized by continuous intraspecific variation and trait-environmental relationships. These traits have to be measured on individual plants in their respective environment. Despite unprecedented data coverage, we observe a humbling lack of completeness and representativeness of these continuous traits in many aspects. We, therefore, conclude that reducing data gaps and biases in the TRY database remains a key challenge and requires a coordinated approach to data mobilization and trait measurements. This can only be achieved in collaboration with other initiatives.


Asunto(s)
Acceso a la Información , Ecosistema , Biodiversidad , Ecología , Plantas
15.
Glob Chang Biol ; 26(1): 189-190, 2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891658

RESUMEN

Plant traits, such as height or specific leaf area, are expressions of plant performance and are important indicators of ecosystem function. Here, the TRY plant database is highlighted as the most comprehensive archive of global plant data, with open access to the public.


Asunto(s)
Acceso a la Información , Ecosistema , Fenotipo , Hojas de la Planta , Plantas
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 317-320, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626584

RESUMEN

One of the goals of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes is not only to make nomenclature transparent and predictable, but to also make sure that the biological material on which it is based is available to either verify previous work or to allow further work to be undertaken. The key elements in ensuring the latter two aspects are nomenclatural types (type strains) at the rank of species and subspecies. With increasing regulations controlling access to genetic resources, the limitations put on access are not always evident at the time novel species or subspecies are proposed and corresponding nomenclatural types (type strains) designated. In a number of cases, limitations put on access have been discovered after the fact.


Asunto(s)
Acceso a la Información/legislación & jurisprudencia , Terminología como Asunto , Biodiversidad , Internacionalidad/legislación & jurisprudencia , Patentes como Asunto , Células Procariotas
18.
Bull Cancer ; 107(1): 102-112, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543271

RESUMEN

To heal otherwise in oncology has become an imperative of Public Health and an economic imperative in France. Patients can therefore receive live most of their care outside of hospital with more ambulatory care. This ambulatory shift will benefit from the digital revolution and the development of digital health or e-health. Cancer research will also benefit with Big Data and artificial intelligence, which gather and analyze a huge amount of data. In this synthesis, we describe the different e-health tools and their potential impacts in oncology, at the levels of education and information of patients and caregivers, prevention, screening and diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and research. A few randomized studies have already demonstrated clinical benefits. Large Big Data projects such as ConSoRe and Health Data Hub have been launched in France. We also discuss the issues and limitations of "cancer outside the hospital walls and e-health" from the point of view of patients, health care professionals, health facilities and government. This new organization will have to provide remote support "outside the walls" with care and follow-up of quality, continuous and prolonged in total safety and equity. Ongoing and future randomized clinical trials will need to definitively demonstrate areas of interest, advantages and drawbacks not only for patients, but also for caregivers, health facilities and governments.


Asunto(s)
Atención Ambulatoria , Inteligencia Artificial , Macrodatos , Alfabetización en Salud , Neoplasias/terapia , Acceso a la Información , Cuidados Posteriores , Detección Precóz del Cáncer , Personal de Salud/educación , Humanos , Conducta en la Búsqueda de Información , Internet , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/prevención & control , Salud Pública , Telemedicina
19.
Dev Neurorehabil ; 23(1): 1-8, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30724652

RESUMEN

Statement of Purpose: This study explored the information requirements of children/youth with an acquired brain injury.Methods: An online survey (n = 16), focus group (n = 5) and in-depth semi-structured interviews (n = 3) elicited the views of 24 children/youth with ABI. A priori thematic coding was used to analyze the data.Results: Five themes emerged: stage and age, school, friendship and peers, delivery methods and information content. The desired information changes over time depending on age and time since the injury. Children/youth want their friends and teachers to access information on brain injury. Children/youth want information delivered through a range of channels, including videos (featuring genuine case studies), apps and board games. Children/youth wanted information specific to their injury, information on brain injury more generally, and practical strategies for overcoming problems.Conclusions: Children/youth with ABI were able to express views about their information needs, which change over time and include a range of channels.


Asunto(s)
Acceso a la Información , Lesiones Encefálicas/rehabilitación , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Adolescente , Lesiones Encefálicas/psicología , Niño , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Amigos , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Paritario , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Eur Radiol ; 30(1): 482-486, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428826

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is a difference in citation rate between open access and subscription access articles in the field of radiology. METHODS: This study included consecutive original articles published online in European Radiology. Pearson χ2, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to assess for any differences between open access and subscription access articles. Linear regression analysis was performed to determine the association between open access publishing and citation rate, adjusted for continent of origin, subspeciality, study findings in article title, number of authors, number of references, length of the article, and number of days the article has been online. In a secondary analysis, we determined the association between open access and number of downloads and shares. RESULTS: A total of 500 original studies, of which 86 (17.2%) were open access and 414 (82.8%) were subscription access articles, were included. Articles from Europe or North America were significantly more frequently published open access (p = 0.024 and p = 0.001), while articles with corresponding authors from Asia were significantly less frequently published open access (p < 0.001). In adjusted linear regression analysis, open access articles were significantly more frequently cited (beta coefficient = 3.588, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.668 to 6.508, p = 0.016), downloaded (beta coefficient = 759.801, 95% CI 630.917 to 888.685, p < 0.001), and shared (beta coefficient = 0.748, 95% CI 0.124 to 1.372, p = 0.019) than subscription access articles (beta coefficient = 3.94, 95% confidence interval 1.44 to 6.44, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Open access publishing is independently associated with an increased citation, download, and share rate in the field of radiology. KEY POINTS: • A minority of articles are currently published open access in European Radiology. • European and North American authors tend to publish more open access articles than Asian authors. • Open access publishing seems to offer an independent advantage in terms of citation, download, and share rate.


Asunto(s)
Factor de Impacto de la Revista , Publicación de Acceso Abierto/estadística & datos numéricos , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Radiología/estadística & datos numéricos , Acceso a la Información , Asia , Bibliometría , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , América del Norte , Edición/estadística & datos numéricos
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