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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130588, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314930

RESUMEN

1H NMR fingerprinting of edible oils and a set of multivariate classification and regression models organised in a decision tree is proposed as a stepwise strategy to assure the authenticity and traceability of olive oils and their declared blends with other vegetable oils (VOs). Oils of the 'virgin olive oil' and 'olive oil' categories and their mixtures with the most common VOs, i.e. sunflower, high oleic sunflower, hazelnut, avocado, soybean, corn, refined palm olein and desterolized high oleic sunflower oils, were studied. Partial least squares (PLS) discriminant analysis provided stable and robust binary classification models to identify the olive oil type and the VO in the blend. PLS regression afforded models with excellent precisions and acceptable accuracies to determine the percentage of VO in the mixture. The satisfactory performance of this approach, tested with blind samples, confirm its potential to support regulations and control bodies.


Asunto(s)
Contaminación de Alimentos , Aceites Vegetales , Contaminación de Alimentos/análisis , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética , Aceite de Oliva/análisis , Aceites Vegetales/análisis , Espectroscopía de Protones por Resonancia Magnética , Aceite de Girasol
2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130633, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332421

RESUMEN

The global market for imported, high-quality priced foods has grown dramatically in the last decade, as consumers become more conscious of food originating from around the world. Many countries require the origin label of food to protect consumers need about true characteristics and origin. Regulatory authorities are looking for an extended and updated list of the analytical techniques for verification of authentic oils and to support law implementation. This review aims to introduce the efforts made using various analytical tools in combination with the multivariate analysis for the verification of the geographical origin of oils. The popular analytical tools have been discussed, and scientometric assessment that underlines research trends in geographical authentication and preferred journals used for dissemination has been indicated. Overall, we believe this article will be a good guideline for food industries and food quality control authority to assist in the selection of appropriate methods to authenticate oils.


Asunto(s)
Alimentos , Aceites Vegetales , Calidad de los Alimentos , Geografía , Análisis Multivariante
3.
Food Chem ; 367: 130668, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343814

RESUMEN

A novel polynomial correction method, order-adaptive polynomial correction (OAPC), was proposed to correct reflectance spectra with operator differences, and convolutional neural network (CNN) was used to develop analysis model to predict behenic acid in edible oils. With application of OAPC, CNN performed well with coefficient of determination of correction (R2cor) of 0.8843 and root mean square error of correction (RMSEcor) of 0.1182, outperforming partial least squares regression, support vector regression and random forest with OAPC, as well as the cases without OAPC. Based on 16 effective wavelengths selected by combination of bootstrapping soft shrinkage, random frog and Pearson's correlation, CNN and OAPC exhibited excellent performance with R2cor of 0.9560 and RMSEcor of 0.0730. Meanwhile, only 5% correction samples were selected by Kennard-Stone for OAPC. Overall, the proposed method could alleviate the impact of operator differences on spectral analysis, thereby providing potential to correct differences from measurement instruments or environments.


Asunto(s)
Aceites Vegetales , Máquina de Vectores de Soporte , Ácidos Grasos , Redes Neurales de la Computación , Análisis Espectral , Verduras
4.
Food Chem ; 367: 130752, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384988

RESUMEN

Berry seeds are rich source of high quality oil containing valuable compounds such as polyunsaturated fatty acids and therefore, have been gaining increasing significance as potential source of nutrients for food, cosmetic or pharmaceutical industry. Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of seeds was performed, for which oxidative stability analyzes and determinations of fatty acids, selected microelements and toxic metals were carried out. An attempt was made to evaluate unclassified scCO2 oil extracts from berry seeds, taking into account the lack of legislative documents specifying the required contents of metals and biologically active ingredients. The obtained extracts are products with the consistency of liquid oil. The total fatty acid content range from 59% to 98%, with unsaturated fatty acids predominating and very good n-3/n-6 fatty acids ratio. The analyzed samples were taken systematically from one extraction sequence also determining the acid and the peroxide values in subsequent fractions.


Asunto(s)
Ácidos Grasos , Frutas , Nutrientes , Estrés Oxidativo , Extractos Vegetales , Aceites Vegetales
5.
Talanta ; 236: 122837, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635227

RESUMEN

A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor was developed in this study with the vegetable oil from olive (OLV-QCM) to detect an important volatile organic compound, ß-pinene in Indian cardamom. Hydrophobic vegetable oil from olive, which contains oleic acid and omega-9, a monounsaturated fatty acid was found to be suitable for binding ß-pinene through non-covalent bonds. The fabricated QCM sensor coating was examined with the field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to determine its surface morphology and chemical compositions. The sensitivity, reproducibility, repeatability, and reusability were studied for the developed sensor. Notably, the sensor was observed to be highly selective towards ß-pinene as compared to the other volatile components present in cardamom. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ) parameters were determined as 5.57 mg L-1 and 18.57 mg L-1, respectively. Moreover, the adsorption isotherm models of the sensor were studied to validate the physical adsorption affinity towards ß-pinene applying Langmuir, Freundlich, and Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm models. The sensor showed a correlation factor of 0.99 with the peak area percentage of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis for ß-pinene in cardamom samples. The sensor was prepared with natural vegetable oil, unlike health hazard chemicals. In addition to this, the low-cost, easy fabrication process ensured the suitability of the sensor for practical deployment.


Asunto(s)
Elettaria , Impresión Molecular , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos , Aceites Vegetales , Polímeros , Tecnicas de Microbalanza del Cristal de Cuarzo , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
6.
Talanta ; 236: 122838, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635228

RESUMEN

Medium-resolution (MR-NMR) and time-domain NMR relaxometry (TD-NMR) using benchtop and low-field NMR instruments are powerful tools to tackle fuel adulteration issues. In this work, for the first time, we investigate the possibility of enhancing the low-field NMR capability on fuel analysis using data fusion of MR and TD-NMR. We used the ComDim (Common Dimensions Analysis) multi-block analysis to join the data, which allowed exploration, classification, and quantification of common adulterations of diesel fuel by vegetable oils, biodiesel, and diesel of different sources as well as the sulfur content. After data exploration using ComDim, classification (applying linear discriminant analysis, LDA), and regression (applying multiple linear regression, MLR), models were built using ComDim scores as input variables on the LDA and MLR analyses. This approach enabled 100% of accuracy in classifying diesel fuel source (refinery), sulfur content (S10 or S500), vegetable oil, and biodiesel source. Moreover, in the quantification step, all MLR models showed a root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) and the residual prediction deviation (RPD) values comparable to the literature for determining diesel, vegetable oil, and biodiesel contents.


Asunto(s)
Biocombustibles , Gasolina , Biocombustibles/análisis , Gasolina/análisis , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética , Monitoreo Fisiológico , Aceites Vegetales
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 126525, 2022 02 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246521

RESUMEN

A complete hydrodeoxygenation(HDO) of vanillin to yield cycloalkanes was performed using bifunctional Ru loaded HZSM-5 catalysts with different metal loadings (0.1, 0.5, 1, 3, and 5 wt%) and Si/Al2 ratios (Si/Al2 = 23,300) in n-octane/water biphasic system. Both the reaction pathway and product distribution were influenced by the metal/acid balance of the catalysts. Higher metal/acid ratio promoted Caryl-C cleavage reaction, resulting in the increased yield of cyclohexane. Synergetic effect of metal and acid sites was observed in the bifunctional catalyst, attaining as high as 40-fold increase of metal efficiency in the ring hydrogenation reaction, compared to lone metal site catalyst. The effect of solvent composition was evaluated, revealing that the presence of water promoted the overall HDO reaction. By balancing metal/acid and introducing appropriate solvent system, efficient catalytic system that minimized carbon loss and improved metal efficiency for vanillin HDO was obtained.


Asunto(s)
Aceites Vegetales , Polifenoles , Benzaldehídos , Catálisis
8.
Food Chem ; 371: 131177, 2022 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563968

RESUMEN

Soft and solid fats which were fractionated from Pangasius bocourti oil (PBO), namely, Pangasius bocourti olein (PBOL) and Pangasius bocourti stearin (PBST), respectively, were introduced as new base oils for plastic fats. The physicochemical properties of PBO and its fractions were modified after interesterification. Enzymatic interesterification (EIE) reduced the sn-2 palmitic acid content attributed to the occurrence of acyl migration. The PBO solid fat content (SFC) at 20-40 °C increased after chemical interesterification whereas under similar range of temperature, the SFC of PBST decreased after EIE and a steep melting curve was obtained. The effect of interesterification on the crystal polymorphisms was less prominent whereby the initial and interesterified samples exhibited similar crystal forms. The solid state of PBOL was improved after interesterification but post-hardening was observed. Free fatty acids were produced via partial hydrolysis during EIE which contributed to the reduced oxidative stability in the EIE fats.


Asunto(s)
Ácidos Grasos , Aceites Vegetales , Esterificación , Grasas , Aceite de Palma , Triglicéridos
9.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118319, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656680

RESUMEN

Plant-based products such as essential oils and other extracts have been used for centuries due to their beneficial properties. Currently, their use is widely disseminated through a variety of industries and new applications are continuously emerging. For these reasons, they are produced industrially in large quantities and consequently they have the potential to reach the environment. However, the potential effects that these products have on the ecosystems' health are mostly unknown. In recent years, the scientific community started to focus on the possible toxic effects of essential oils and plant extracts towards non-target organisms. As a result, an increasing body of knowledge has emerged. This review describes the current state of the art on the toxic effects that essential oils and plant extracts have towards organisms from different trophic levels, including producers, primary consumers, and secondary consumers. The majority of the studies (76.5%) focuses on the aquatic environment, particularly in aquatic invertebrates (45.1%) with only 23.5% of the studies focusing on the potential toxicity of plant-derived products on terrestrial ecosystems. While some essential oils and extracts have been described to have no toxic effects to the selected organisms or the toxic effects were only observable at high concentrations, others were reported to be toxic at concentrations below the limit set by international regulations, some of them at very low concentrations. In fact, L(E)C50 values as low as 0.0336 mg.L-1, 0.0005 mg.L-1 and 0.0053 mg.L-1 were described for microalgae, crustaceans and fish, respectively. Generally, essential oils exhibit higher toxicity than extracts. However, when the extracts are obtained from plants that are known to produce toxic metabolites, the extracts can be more toxic than essential oils. Overall, and despite being generally considered "eco-friendly" products and safer than they synthetic counterparts, some essential oils and plant extracts are toxic towards non-target organisms. Given the increasing interest from industry on these plant-based products further research using international standardized protocols is mandatory.


Asunto(s)
Microalgas , Aceites Volátiles , Animales , Ecosistema , Invertebrados , Aceites Volátiles/toxicidad , Extractos Vegetales/toxicidad , Aceites Vegetales
10.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126145, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673191

RESUMEN

In this study, nitrogen-containing chemicals and nitrogen-rich biochar were prepared using ammonia (NH3) torrefaction pretreatment technology. The effects of temperature and duration of torrefaction on the characteristics of torrefaction and pyrolysis products were evaluated. The results indicated that when the torrefaction temperature was increased to 290 °C, the nitrogen content increased significantly from 0.98% to 6.85%. XPS analysis showed that the raw biomass mainly contained amide-N and pyrrole-N. As the torrefaction temperature and duration increased, quaternary-N formation was promoted, while amide-N, pyrrole-N, and pyridine-N were consumed. Potential nitrogen doping and transformation pathways during the ammonia torrefaction process were proposed. GC-MS analysis showed that ammonia torrefaction promoted the formation of pyridines, while reducing the content of oxygen-containing species. In addition, torrefaction duration had positive effects on the yield of nitrogen-containing chemicals.


Asunto(s)
Amoníaco , Pirólisis , Biomasa , Carbón Orgánico , Calor , Aceites Vegetales , Polifenoles , Temperatura
11.
Food Chem ; 369: 130930, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469834

RESUMEN

Trans fatty acids (TFAs), associated with the risks of coronary heart disease and diabetes, are formed by isomerization of unsaturated fatty acids during refining of linseed oils. In this study, TFAs and the chemical characteristics (acid value, peroxide value, carbonyl compounds, bioactive minor components and fatty acids) in 32 commercial linseed oils were investigated, and the correlation among them were further analyzed. Results showed that C18:3 TFAs were predominant TFAs in linseed oils and about 9% of the samples had TFA contents above 2 g/100 g fat, as well as the average level of TFA in the refined samples was higher than that in the unrefined oils. The correlation analyses suggested C18:3 TFAs exhibited significant negative correlations with acid value, levels of acetone, trans-2-nonenal, campesterol and α-linolenic acid. These results provided a comprehensive insight of TFAs in linseed oil and had important implications for consumers and linseed oil industry.


Asunto(s)
Lino , Ácidos Grasos trans , Ácidos Grasos , Aceite de Linaza , Aceites Vegetales
12.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131913, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418662

RESUMEN

Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) provides alternatives technique to produce a nanosize activated carbon from biomass with a high surface area. Herein, this study we prepared empty fruit bunch-based activated carbon (EFBHAC) using HTC technique. The activated carbon was then functionalized with K2CO3 and Cu(NO3)2 to produce bifunctional nano-catalyst for simultaneous esterification-transesterification of waste cooking oil (WCO). The physicochemical properties were performed i.e. N2 sorptions analysis, TPD-CO2/NH3, FESEM, EDX, FTIR and XRD analysis. The results revealed that produced EFBHAC possessed a BET surface area of 4056.17 m2 g-1, with pore volume of 0.827 cm3 g-1 and 5.42 nm of pore diameter resulting from hydrolysis, dehydration decarboxylation, aromatization and re-condensation during HTC process. Impregnation of EFBHAC with K2CO3 and Cu(NO3)2 granted a high amount of basicity and acidity of 9.21 mmol g-1 and 31.41 mmol g-1, respectively, accountable to high biodiesel yield of 97.1%, produced at the optimum condition of 5 wt% of catalyst loading, 12:1 of methanol to oil molar ratio at 70 °C for 2 h. More than 80% of biodiesel was produced after the 5th cycle depicted the good reusability. The transformations from WCO to biodiesel was confirmed via 1H NMR, FTIR and TGA analysis. Fuel properties revealed kinematic viscosity of 3.3 mm2 s-1, cetane number of 51, flash point of 160.5 °C, cloud and pour point of 11 °C and -3 °C, respectively. These results show the excellent potential of waste materials to prepare bifunctional nano-catalysts to produce higher biodiesel yield which has potential to be commercialized.


Asunto(s)
Biocombustibles , Aceites Vegetales , Biocombustibles/análisis , Catálisis , Culinaria , Esterificación
13.
Food Chem ; 370: 130974, 2022 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500298

RESUMEN

In this study, the triacylglycerol structure of vegetable oils was removed and the effects of this removal were observed on the antioxidant efficiency of γ-oryzanol. A sigmoidal-model was used for calculating kinetic parameters relevant to the initiation and propagation phases during the peroxidation of soybean, corn, sesame, and olive oils as well as their fatty acid methyl esters. Removing the triacylglycerol structure caused an increase in the antioxidant activity of γ-oryzanol (26.49%) by affecting both inhibitory mechanisms, i.e. hydrogen-donating (7.80%) and electron-transfer (14.72%). Unexpectedly, the antioxidant performance of γ-oryzanol continued even when the induction period had ended. During the propagation phase, the highest antioxidant activity was observed in the fatty acid methyl esters of soybean oil (3.86) based on hydroperoxides decomposition. An evaluation of how the endergonic activated complexes formed could indicate that the removal of the triacylglycerol structure increased the effective collisions between the γ-oryzanol molecules and free radicals.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Fenilpropionatos , Aceites Vegetales , Triglicéridos
14.
Food Chem ; 370: 131030, 2022 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507209

RESUMEN

Phytosterols are commonly found in vegetable oils and possess health benefits for humans. While investigating the chemical conversion of stigmasterol at deodorisation temperatures, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS) experiments led to the identification of 5-ethyl-6-methyl-3-heptene-2-one, 3-hydoxy-steroid, 3-ketostigmasterol, and 3,7-diketostigmasterol as by-products. The identification of these compounds assisted in the interpretation of the stigmasterol oligomers characterised by high-pressure size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). A similar analysis was conducted in stripped corn oil at the deodorisation temperatures. As such, 5-ethyl-6-methyl-3-heptene-2-one, 3-hydoxy-steroid, 3-ketostigmasterol and 3,7-diketostigmasterol were also detected in stripped corn oil, while the contents of 3-hydoxy-steroid and 5-ethyl-6-methyl-3-heptene-2-one were higher than those of 3-ketostigmasterol, as revealed by quantum chemical simulations. In addition, stripped corn oil exhibited the characteristic of preventing stigmasterol degradation below 200 °C, whereas it enhanced the chemical conversion (such as esterification and degradation) of stigmasterol at higher temperatures.


Asunto(s)
Fitosteroles , Estigmasterol , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Aceite de Maíz , Humanos , Aceites Vegetales , Temperatura , Zea mays
15.
Food Chem ; 370: 131009, 2022 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509151

RESUMEN

This study examines the ability of fluorescence spectroscopy for monitoring the quality of 70 Moroccan virgin olive oils belonging to three varieties and originating from three regions of Morocco. By applying principal component analysis and factorial discriminant analysis to the emission spectra acquired after excitation wavelengths set at 270, 290, and 430 nm, a clear differentiation between samples according to their storage time was observed. The obtained results were confirmed following the application of four multivariate classification methods: partial least squares regression, principal component regression, support vector machine, and multiple linear regression on the emission spectra. The best prediction model of storage time was obtained by applying partial least squares regression since a coefficient of determination (R2) and a root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) of 0.98 and 24.85 days were observed, respectively. The prediction of the chemical parameters allowed to obtain excellent validation models with R2 ranging between 0.98 and 0.99 for free acidity, peroxide value, chlorophyll level, k232, and k270.


Asunto(s)
Aceites Vegetales , Análisis Discriminante , Análisis de los Mínimos Cuadrados , Aceite de Oliva/análisis , Análisis de Componente Principal , Espectrometría de Fluorescencia
16.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132108, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509022

RESUMEN

The groundbreaking innovation and industrialization are ushering in a new era where technology development is integrated with the sustainability of materials. Over the decade, nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) obtained from lignocellulosic biomass had created a great value in various aspects. The abundantly available empty fruit bunch (EFB) in the palm oil industry has motivated us to utilize it as a sustainable alternative for the isolation of NCC, which is a worthwhile opportunity to the waste management of EFB. Taking advantage of the shape anisotropy and amphiphilic character, NCC has been demonstrated as a natural stabilizer for oil-in-water emulsion. In this work, preparation of highly stable Pickering nanoemulsion using black cumin seed oil and NCC was attempted. Black cumin seed oil is a class of plant oil with various nutritional and pharmaceutical benefits. However, its poor solubility could substantially lower the therapeutic effect, and thus, requires a delivery system to overcome this limitation. The role of NCC in the formation of stable Pickering nanoemulsion was investigated. The emulsification process was found crucial to the resulting droplet size, whereas NCC contributed critically to its stabilization. The droplet size obtained from ultrasonication and microfluidization was approximately 400 nm, as examined using transmission electron microscopy. The droplet (oil-to-water = 2:8) has long-term stability against creaming and coalescence for more than six months. The nanoemulsion stabilized by NCC could allow a better absorption by the human body, thereby maximizing the potential of black cumin seed oil in the personal care and food industries.


Asunto(s)
Celulosa , Frutas , Antioxidantes , Emulsiones , Humanos , Aceite de Palma , Aceites Vegetales
17.
Food Chem ; 372: 131143, 2022 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601419

RESUMEN

The frying process is an excellent way to obtain food with desirable sensory. However, some harmful substances, such as aldehydes and monoepoxy oleic acids, could also be produced. This study mainly explores the inhibition of polyphenols from the Camellia oleifera seed cake extract (CSCE) on the formation of polar compounds, core aldehydes, and monoepoxy oleic acids during deep-fat frying. The results showed that the CSCE could significantly decrease peroxide, p-anisidine, total polar, and monoepoxy oleic acids compared with other groups. In addition, the CSCE could significantly inhibit the generation of oxidized triacylglycerol polymer (TGP) and oxidized triacylglycerol (ox-TG), indicating its anti-polymerization activity. The total amount of core aldehydes and glycerol ester core aldehydes (9-oxo) in soybean oil was significantly reduced. Furthermore, CSCE had a better inhibitory effect on monoepoxy fatty acids than TBHQ. Our results might be helpful to provide a basis for the search for new natural antioxidants.


Asunto(s)
Camellia , Aldehídos , Calor , Ácidos Oléicos , Extractos Vegetales , Aceites Vegetales , Semillas
18.
Food Chem ; 370: 131333, 2022 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788960

RESUMEN

Low field (60 MHz) 1H NMR spectroscopy was used to analyse a large (n = 410) collection of edible oils, including olive and argan, in an authenticity screening scenario. Experimental work was carried out on multiple spectrometers at two different laboratories, aiming to explore multivariate model stability and transfer between instruments. Three modelling methods were employed: Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis, Random Forests, and a One Class Classification approach. Clear inter-instrument differences were observed between replicated data collections, sufficient to compromise effective transfer of models based on raw data between instruments. As mitigations to this issue, various data pre-treatments were investigated: Piecewise Direct Standardisation, Standard Normal Variates, and Rank Transformation. Datasets comprised both phase corrected and magnitude spectra, and it was found that that the latter spectral form may offer some advantages in the context of pattern recognition and classification modelling, particularly when used in combination with the Rank Transformation pre-treatment.


Asunto(s)
Aceites Vegetales , Análisis Discriminante , Análisis de los Mínimos Cuadrados , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética , Aceite de Oliva/análisis
19.
Food Chem ; 370: 131373, 2022 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788966

RESUMEN

Sesame oil is a traditional and delicious edible oil in China and Southeast Asia with a high price. However, sesame oil essence was often illegally added to cheaper edible oils to counterfeit sesame oil. In this study, a rapid and accurate headspace gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (HS-GC-IMS) method was proposed to detect the counterfeit sesame oil where the other cheap oils were adulterated with essence. Combined with chemometric methods including principal component analysis (PCA), orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) and random forest (RF), authentic and counterfeit sesame oils adulterated with sesame essence (0.5%, w/w) were easily separated into two groups. More importantly, 2-methylbutanoic acid, 2-furfurylthiol, methylpyrazine, methional, and 2,5-dimethylpyrazine were found to be markers of sesame essence, which were used to directly identify the sesame essence. The determination of volatile compounds based on HS-GC-IMS was proven to be an effective method for adulteration detection of essence in sesame oil.


Asunto(s)
Espectrometría de Movilidad Iónica , Aceite de Sésamo , Contaminación de Alimentos/análisis , Cromatografía de Gases y Espectrometría de Masas , Aceites Vegetales , Aceite de Sésamo/análisis
20.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 95-104, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032291

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Argan oil is one of the purest and rarest oils in the world, so that the addition of any further product is strictly prohibited by international regulations. Consequently, it is necessary to establish reliable analytical methods to ensure its authenticity. In this study, three multivariate approaches have been developed and validated using fluorescence, UV-visible, and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectroscopies. RESULTS: The application of a partial least squares discriminant analysis model showed an accuracy of 100%. The quantification of adulteration have been evaluated using partial least squares (PLS) regression. The PLS model developed from fluorescence spectroscopy provided the best results for the calibration and cross-validation sets, as it showed the highest R2 (0.99) and the lowest root mean square error of calibration and cross-validation (0.55, 0.79). The external validation of the three multivariate approaches by the accuracy profile shows that these approaches guarantee reliable and valid results of 0.5-32%, 7-32%, and 10-32% using fluorescence, FT-MIR and UV-visible spectroscopies respectively. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the feasibility of using spectroscopic sensors (routine technique) for rapid determination of argan oil falsification. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Asunto(s)
Aceites Vegetales/análisis , Espectrometría de Fluorescencia/métodos , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Análisis Discriminante , Contaminación de Alimentos/análisis
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