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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923205

RESUMEN

This study aimed to explore health risk perceptions, changes in health-related behaviors, and life experiences of mothers with school-age children during the early coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Data were collected between 16 July and 10 September 2020, by individual interviews and analyzed through qualitative content analysis. After the twelve participants' experiences were analyzed, four themes and ten sub-themes were derived. The four themes were: "Struggling to identify the substance of COVID-19," "Taking the initiative to protect the health of the family," "Frustrated by the brutal reality of no end in sight," and "Trying to adjust wisely to an inevitable new lifestyle." The findings suggest that while the world remains in an ongoing battle with COVID-19, national health institutions should prepare a health education system for specific infection prevention methods that can be practiced by individuals in daily life.


Asunto(s)
Pandemias , Niño , Femenino , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Humanos , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Madres , Percepción , Instituciones Académicas
2.
Cad Saude Publica ; 37(4): e00056520, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886706

RESUMEN

Reflecting on the health promotion for people with physical impairments implies considering the specificities and meanings attributed to the life experience of each subject throughout their careers. As such, this study was designed to investigate the experience of a man with an acquired physical disability after an accident that damaged his spine. This injury caused a permanent inability to move his legs. It is a case study that used the life history technique to capture its experience. The participant was born in a rural context, and since he was a child, he had to work to help his family. At the age of 16, he started working as a chainsaw operator, and at 24, a tree fell on his back, breaking his spine and leaving him without the movements and sensitivities of his legs. The trauma experienced by the participant caused profound changes in his life. The results demonstrated that the participant's experience does not align with the traditional experiences found in the literature in general, as the concept of biographical rupture. Sport was a vital collaboration mechanism in the rehabilitation process. Concerning health and illness, there are many spaces in the subject's experience that collaborate to expand the compression on health promotion paths. The need to depathologize the gaze on the subject's conditions is highlighted so that the understanding of health promotion processes can be amplified or reconsidered.


Asunto(s)
Familia , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Brasil , Niño , Promoción de la Salud , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Washington, D.C.; OPAS; 2021-04-09.
en Portugués | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53571

RESUMEN

Construindo a Saúde no Curso de Vida esclarece como a saúde se desenvolve e muda ao longo do curso de vida, e explica como o uso da abordagem do curso de vida entre os profissionais de saúde pública pode garantir que a saúde como um direito humano seja alcançada para todas as pessoas. O documento descreve a visão da saúde ao longo da vida, que se concentra não apenas na doença e suas consequências, mas em alcançar uma vida longa, saudável, ativa e produtiva. O documento consiste em três partes independentes. A primeira parte, "Conceitos", visa a iluminar a complexidade da saúde por meio da compreensão da abordagem do curso de vida. Essa parte pode ser usada para se familiarizar com a evolução e o significado do curso de vida, que serve de base para uma prática eficaz de saúde pública. A segunda parte, "Implicações", identifica as implicações para a implementação da abordagem do curso de vida na saúde pública. Essa parte traduz a linguagem técnica da literatura sobre o curso de vida para entender como a aplicação dessa abordagem requer mudanças nos sistemas de saúde, políticas, pesquisas e práticas. A terceira parte, "Aplicação em Saúde Pública", identifica as principais oportunidades para fortalecer a adoção da abordagem do curso de vida na prática de saúde pública. Essa seção descreve ações concretas e baseadas em evidências para melhorar a saúde e o bem-estar por meio da promoção e fomento de habilidades ao longo da vida. Este documento tem como objetivo ajudar os tomadores de decisão e os profissionais de saúde pública a compreender o significado e os conceitos do curso de vida, o que é essencial para entender como a saúde se desenvolve e muda ao longo do curso de vida. O livro também descreve como o modelo de curso de vida nos permite abordar disparidades em saúde, gerando mecanismos para melhorar a saúde e o bem-estar, promovendo a visão da saúde como resultado de uma série de experiências que contribuem ou prejudicam a saúde no curto e longo prazo.


Asunto(s)
Promoción de la Salud , Salud Pública , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Personal de Salud , Estilo de Vida Saludable
4.
Infez Med ; 29(1): 54-64, 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664173

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to explore the psychological impact of the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on people living with HIV (PLWH), a population at increased risk of psychological distress. PLWH participated in an online survey exploring demographic and clinical data, physical symptoms, contact history, knowledge and concerns, precautionary measures and additional information about COVID-19 during the first phase of the pandemic in Italy. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) (identifying the COVID-19 pandemic as a specific traumatic life event) and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) also formed part of the survey. Out of 98 participants, 45% revealed from mild to severe psychological impact from COVID-19 according to IES-R. A lower percentage, instead, complained of significant levels of depression (14%), anxiety (11%) or stress (6%) according to DASS-21. Higher education, being unemployed, number of perceived COVID-19 physical symptoms, concerns about risk of contracting COVID-19 and the pandemic situation in Italy, and needing additional information to prevent COVID-19 infection were positively associated to a higher risk of negative psychological impact. Moreover, among the participants, female gender, age, fewer years from HIV diagnosis and not being aware of their own viremia were associated to a higher risk of negative psychological outcomes. Almost half of our PLWH sample experienced significant levels of distress related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Women, elderly patients and those with recent HIV diagnosis appear to be the more psychologically fragile subgroups. Our findings could help identify patients most in need of psychological interventions to improve the wellbeing of PLWH.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Infecciones por VIH/psicología , Pandemias , Distrés Psicológico , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Ansiedad/epidemiología , /epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Escolaridad , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores Sexuales , Desempleo/psicología
5.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200217, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787726

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the emotional labor in pediatric nursing considering the repercussions of COVID-19 in childhood and adolescence. METHOD: Reflexion based on theoretical aspects and scientific evidence of emotional labor in pediatric nursing. RESULTS: Given the repercussions of COVID-19 on children and adolescents, it is up to the nurse to recognize them and nurture a non-traumatic and affectionate care. However, measures to control the disease affect the care provided. In this context, emotional labor process become essential, as they guide the management of the child's and family's emotions, associated with the suffering caused by the pandemic and the nurse's emotional experience when caring. CONCLUSION: Emotional support and care processes are essential in pediatrics, especially in a stressful time such as a pandemic, which requires the positive transformation of the intense and disturbing experiences of people for them to achieve psychosocial well-being.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Emociones , Familia/psicología , Enfermería Pediátrica , Adolescente , /enfermería , Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Rol de la Enfermera , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Personal de Enfermería/psicología , Pandemias , Psicología del Adolescente , Psicología Infantil , Investigación Cualitativa
6.
Psychiatriki ; 32(1): 79-82, 2021 Apr 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759811

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 outbreak has affected millions of people globally and it also has a huge psychological impact. The objective of this case report is to outline the possible effect of the COVID-19 pandemic to the content of delusions in patients with psychosis. Α 34-year-old male with no history of mental disorder, involuntarily hospitalized due to agitation and aggression towards others, experienced grandiose delusions, referential delusions and delusions of passivity. The content of all his delusions was related to the COVID-19 pandemic. His symptoms were not proven to be caused by any physical condition or substance use disorder. He was prescribed olanzapine 10mg bd and lorazepam 2,5mg td and demonstrated significant improvement with a complete subsidence of his symptoms within a week. He was discharged after a total of 13 days with an ICD-10 diagnosis of brief psychotic disorder. At his 6 months follow-up, he reported no psychiatric symptoms. Existing literature indicates a strong relationship between life experiences and the content of delusions. This case report highlights how the stressful life event of the COVID-19 outbreak affected the content of our patient's delusions.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Deluciones/psicología , Pandemias , Trastornos Psicóticos/psicología , Adulto , Agresión , Ansiolíticos/uso terapéutico , Antipsicóticos/uso terapéutico , Deluciones/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Internamiento Involuntario , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Lorazepam/uso terapéutico , Masculino , Olanzapina/uso terapéutico , Agitación Psicomotora , Trastornos Psicóticos/tratamiento farmacológico , Estrés Psicológico/complicaciones , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 167, 2021 03 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765975

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: An early onset of depression is associated with higher chronicity and disability, more stressful life events (SLEs), higher negative emotionality as described by the primary emotion SADNESS and more severe depressive symptomatology compared to depression onset later in life. Additionally, methylation of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) is associated with SLEs and depressive symptoms. METHODS: We investigated the relation of SLEs, SLC6A4 methylation in peripheral blood, the primary emotions SADNESS and SEEKING (measured by the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales) as well as depressive symptom severity to age at depression onset in a sample of N = 146 inpatients suffering from major depression. RESULTS: Depressed women showed higher SADNESS (t (91.05) = - 3.17, p = 0.028, d = - 0.57) and higher SLC6A4 methylation (t (88.79) = - 2.95, p = 0.02, d = - 0.55) compared to men. There were associations between SLEs, primary emotions and depression severity, which partly differed between women and men. The Akaike information criterion (AIC) indicated the selection of a model including sex, SLEs, SEEKING and SADNESS for the prediction of age at depression onset. SLC6A4 methylation was not related to depression severity, age at depression onset or SLEs in the entire group, but positively related to depression severity in women. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, we provide further evidence that age at depression onset is associated with SLEs, personality and depression severity. However, we found no associations between age at onset and SLC6A4 methylation. The joint investigation of variables originating in biology, psychology and psychiatry could make an important contribution to understanding the development of depressive disorders by elucidating potential subtypes of depression.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno Depresivo Mayor , Proteínas de Transporte de Serotonina en la Membrana Plasmática , Metilación de ADN , Depresión , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor/genética , Femenino , Humanos , Pacientes Internos , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Masculino , Personalidad , Regiones Promotoras Genéticas , Proteínas de Transporte de Serotonina en la Membrana Plasmática/genética
9.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20210200. 48 p. ilus.
Monografía en Español | LILACS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1148271

RESUMEN

El documento contiene los lineamientos técnicos, metodológicos y procedimentales que orienten la implementación del Modelo de Cuidado Integral de Salud por Curso de Vida para la Persona, Familia y Comunidad (MCI), con enfoque de interculturalidad y de derechos humanos.


Asunto(s)
Familia , Salud , Competencia Cultural , Derechos Humanos , Características de la Residencia , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Personas
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(2)2021 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450928

RESUMEN

There have been growing concerns about the protracted effects of cannabis use in adolescents on emotion and cognition outcomes, motivated by evidence of growing cannabis use in adolescents, evidence linking cannabis use to various psychiatric disorders, and the increasingly perceived notion that cannabis is harmless. At the same time, studies suggest that cannabinoids may have therapeutic potential against the impacts of stress on the brain and behavior, and that young people sometimes use cannabinoids to alleviate feelings of depression and anxiety (i.e., "self-medication"). Exposure to early adverse life events may predispose individuals to developing psychopathology in adulthood, leading researchers to study the causality between early life factors and cognitive and emotional outcomes in rodent models and to probe the underlying mechanisms. In this review, we aim to better understand the long-term effects of cannabinoids administered in sensitive developmental periods (mainly adolescence) in rodent models of early life stress. We suggest that the effects of cannabinoids on emotional and cognitive function may vary between different sensitive developmental periods. This could potentially affect decisions regarding the use of cannabinoids in clinical settings during the early stages of development and could raise questions regarding educating the public as to potential risks associated with cannabis use.


Asunto(s)
Cannabinoides/efectos adversos , Susceptibilidad a Enfermedades , Trastornos Psicóticos/etiología , Animales , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Humanos , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Trastornos Psicóticos/psicología , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Roedores , Factores Sexuales , Estrés Psicológico
12.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 7, 2021 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402137

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The challenges of living with and taking care of a patient with schizophrenia can lead to positive changes depending on the experiences and reactions of family caregivers. Such changes may directly affect the family performance and the patient's recovery stage. Present study aimed to explain the positive experiences reported by family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: The present study is a qualitative study of content analysis. Data were collected using semi-structured and in-depth interviews with 15 family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia referring to one of the psychiatric hospitals in Zahedan, Southeast part of Iran. Purposive sampling method was applied and data analysis was conducted using conventional content analysis proposed by Graneheim and Lundman. RESULTS: Data analysis created a theme entitled "family achievements in struggling with schizophrenia". This theme included four categories including Developing positive personality traits in family members, Strengthening family ties, developing insight into the life, and social mobility. CONCLUSIONS: The results provided insights that the experience of taking care of patients with schizophrenia led to positive consequences for family caregivers. Thus, it is recommended that psychiatrists or consultants help families rely on positive experiences and share these experiences with families with a newly-suffered patient.


Asunto(s)
Esquizofrenia , Cuidadores , Familia , Humanos , Irán , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Investigación Cualitativa
13.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 15(1): [1-20], jan. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1147651

RESUMEN

Objetivo: apreender, nas lembranças de filhos em história de vida, o sentido e o significado da convivência familiar com pais alcoolistas. Método: trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, descritivo, exploratório, com ênfase na História Oral de Vida, realizado com cinco filhos de pais alcoolistas por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Analisaram-se os dados pela Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: percebeu-se que o adoecimento é concomitante, dos pais em virtude do uso abusivo do álcool e dos filhos que estão em convivência com ele e vivenciaram situações de conflitos e violência. Descreveram-se, ainda, os sentimentos ambíguos desenvolvidos pelos filhos a partir da relação com o pai, como vergonha, medo, estresse, angústia, mas, na fase adulta, houve a ressignificação da convivência no cuidado com o pai por meio da identificação dos sentimentos de tolerância e respeito. Conclusão: identificou-se que a reabilitação psicossocial dos filhos possibilitou a ressignificação da relação com o pai. Aponta-se para a importância de os profissionais de saúde estabelecerem estratégias de cuidado aos alcoolistas e aos filhos, que são cuidadores e vivenciam situações de codependência e sofrimentos emocionais na relação com o familiar alcoolista.(AU)


Objective: to learn, in the memories of children in their life history, the meaning and significance of family life with alcoholic parents. Method: this is a qualitative, descriptive, exploratory study, with emphasis on Oral History of Life, carried out with five children of alcoholic parents through semi-structured interviews. The data was analyzed through Content Analysis. Results: it was noticed that the illness is concomitant, of the parents due to the abusive use of alcohol and of the children who are in coexistence with it and have experienced situations of conflicts and violence. The ambiguous feelings developed by the children from the relationship with the father were also described, such as shame, fear, stress, anguish, but, in the adult phase, there was the resignification of the coexistence in the care with the father through the identification of the feelings of tolerance and respect. Conclusion: it was identified that the psychosocial rehabilitation of the children enabled the resignification of the relationship with the father. It was pointed out the importance of health professionals to establish strategies to care for alcoholics and their children, who are caregivers and experience situations of codependence and emotional suffering in the relationship with the alcoholic family member.(AU)


Objetivo: aprehender, en la memoria de los niños en la historia de vida, el sentido y el significado de la vida familiar con padres alcohólicos. Método: se trata de un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, exploratorio, con énfasis en la Historia de Vida Oral, realizado con cinco hijos de padres alcohólicos mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas. Los datos se analizaron mediante Análisis de Contenido. Resultados: se notó que la enfermedad es concomitante, de los padres por el uso abusivo del alcohol y de los hijos que conviven con él y vivieron situaciones de conflicto y violencia. También se describieron los sentimientos ambiguos desarrollados por los hijos a partir de la relación con el padre, como vergüenza, miedo, estrés, angustia, pero, en la edad adulta, se dio un nuevo sentido de convivencia en el cuidado del padre al identificar sentimientos de tolerancia y respeto. Conclusión: se identificó que la rehabilitación psicosocial de los niños permitió redefinir la relación con el padre. Se señala la importancia de que los profesionales de la salud establezcan estrategias de atención para los alcohólicos y sus hijos, quienes son cuidadores y viven situaciones de codependencia y sufrimiento emocional en la relación con el familiar alcohólico.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salud Mental , Codependencia Psicológica , Trastornos Relacionados con Alcohol , Alcoholismo , Relaciones Familiares , Relaciones Padre-Hijo , Alcohólicos , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Memoria , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Violencia Doméstica , Investigación Cualitativa
14.
J Psychosom Res ; 141: 110323, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321262

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The development of depressive symptoms in youth with IBD is a concerning disease complication, as higher levels of depressive symptoms have been associated with poorer quality of life and lower medication adherence. Previous research has examined the association between disease activity and depression, but few studies have examined individual differences in experience of stressful life events in relation to depressive symptoms. The purpose of the current study is to examine the relation between stressful life events and depression within pediatric IBD and to determine whether individual differences in stress response moderates this association. METHODS: 56 youth ages 8-17 years old diagnosed with IBD completed questionnaires about their depressive symptoms and history of stressful life events. We assessed skin conductance reactivity (SCR) to a stressful task as an index of psychophysiological reactivity. RESULTS: Stressful life events (r = 0.36, p = .007) were positively related to depressive symptoms. Youth who demonstrated a greater maximum SC level during the IBD-specific stress trial compared to baseline (n = 32) reported greater depressive symptoms. For these same participants, the relationship between stressful life events and depressive symptoms depended on SCR F(3, 28) = 4.23, p = .01, such that at moderate and high levels of SCR, a positive relationship between stressful life events and depressive symptoms was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between stressful life events and depressive symptoms in youth with IBD may depend on individual differences in processing stress, such that risk may increase with greater psychophysiological reactivity.


Asunto(s)
Depresión/psicología , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino/psicología , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
15.
J Affect Disord ; 281: 247-255, 2021 02 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338843

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Stressful life experiences and personality can influence one another. Personality may contribute to the amount and type of stress individuals experience, which is referred to as a selection effect. Life stress may also impact one's personality, which is referred to as a socialization effect. It was hypothesized that neuroticism would predict increased chronic and episodic stress (selection effect) and that chronic and episodic stress would predict increased neuroticism (socialization effect). METHODS: The current study investigated selection and socialization effects of neuroticism and life stress over a three-year period in 627 adolescents. Life stress data were examined in terms of duration (chronic versus episodic) and type (interpersonal versus non-interpersonal). Episodic stress data were examined as dependent or independent. RESULTS: The results from ten cross-lagged panel models provided some evidence for significant selection and socialization effects depending on stress type. Over three years, we observed that neuroticism increases interpersonal chronic stress and non-interpersonal stressful events (selection effects) and that dependent non-interpersonal stressful events and chronic stress increase neuroticism (socialization effects). LIMITATIONS: Study limitations include a lack of a lifespan perspective and a statistical approach that does not differentiate between- from within-person variance. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest the value of attending to stress response as well as targeting neuroticism in prevention and intervention approaches in adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Estrés Psicológico , Adolescente , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Personalidad , Inventario de Personalidad
16.
Bull Cancer ; 108(1): 117-124, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358509

RESUMEN

The implementation of the third Cancer Plan, which began in January 2014, was completed in 2019. With nearly 90% of the actions carried out, this Plan was marked by the collective mobilisation of all stakeholders to reduce the burden of cancer in our country. Real successes have been recorded. But the progress made must not make us forget the pain and suffering endured by those affected by this disease, their families, loved ones and caregivers. Cancer continues to be a life-changing experience for those who face it. In this fight, progress in medicine, research, the quality and safety of care, progress in social support, support in returning to work and to a normal life are all hopes for all patients and their loved ones. They have only been possible thanks to the mobilisation of everyone and the dedication of the care teams. Many battles have been fought over the years and the results obtained are the best encouragement to continue the efforts. We must now amplify and improve our collective action. The ambitious objective of massively reducing the burden of cancer in the lives of the French must mobilise us all for the next decade.


Asunto(s)
Implementación de Plan de Salud , Neoplasias/prevención & control , Adolescente , Adulto , Investigación Biomédica/normas , Neoplasias de la Mama/genética , Neoplasias de la Mama/prevención & control , Niño , Femenino , Francia , Implementación de Plan de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Secuenciación de Nucleótidos de Alto Rendimiento , Humanos , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/genética , Medicina de Precisión , Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Calidad de Vida
17.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e51821, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1117686

RESUMEN

Objetivo: compreender a vivência do enfrentamento e repercussões da COVID-19, na percepção de mulheres em tratamento oncológico. Método: estudo qualitativo, do tipo ação-participante, fundamentado no Itinerário de Pesquisa de Paulo Freire, que possui três fases: Investigação Temática; Codificação e Descodificação; Desvelamento Crítico. Foi realizado Círculo de Cultura virtual, com a participação de 12 mulheres em tratamento do câncer de mama, de diferentes localidades do Brasil. Resultados: no Círculo de Cultura virtual discutiram dois temas: desafios no enfrentamento do câncer e da COVID-19; aprendizados gerados nessa vivência, considerando um renascimento das próprias cinzas. Considerações finais: o momento pandêmico tem instigado reflexões sobre o viver. Assim, as mulheres em tratamento oncológico e também em restrição social puderam expressar seus sentimentos, descobrindo e redescobrindo fragilidades e fortalezas para ressignificar e crescer como seres, em uma sociedade, que pode e deve articular estratégias para promoção da saúde.


Objective: to understand the experience of coping with COVID-19, as perceived by women undergoing cancer treatment. Method: qualitative, participatory action research based on the three phases of Paulo Freire's Research Itinerary: Thematic Investigation; Coding and Decoding; and Critical Unveiling. A Culture Circle was held online with 12 women from different places in Brazil undergoing breast cancer treatment. Results: in the virtual Culture Circle, they discussed two themes: challenges in coping with cancer and COVID-10; and learning generated in that experience, with a view to rebirth from their own ashes. Final considerations: the pandemic has prompted thinking about living. Accordingly, women undergoing cancer treatment and also under social restrictions were able to express their feelings, and in discovering and rediscovering weaknesses and strengths, to resignify themselves and to grow in a society that can and should deploy strategies for health promotion.


Objetivo: comprender la experiencia de afrontamiento del COVID-19, según la perciben las mujeres en tratamiento oncológico. Método: investigación-acción cualitativa y participativa basada en las tres fases del Itinerario de Investigación de Paulo Freire: Investigación Temática; Codificación y decodificación; y revelación crítica. Se realizó un Círculo Cultural en línea con 12 mujeres de diferentes lugares de Brazil sometidas a tratamiento contra el cáncer de mama. Resultados: en el Círculo de Cultura virtual se discutieron dos temas: desafíos en el afrontamiento del cáncer y COVID-10; y el aprendizaje generado en esa experiencia, con miras a renacer de sus propias cenizas. Consideraciones finales: la pandemia ha llevado a pensar en vivir. En consecuencia, las mujeres en tratamiento oncológico y también bajo restricciones sociales pudieron expresar sus sentimientos, y al descubrir y redescubrir debilidades y fortalezas, resignificarse y crecer en una sociedad que puede y debe desplegar estrategias de promoción de la salud.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Cuarentena/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Promoción de la Salud , Aprendizaje , Brasil , Proceso Salud-Enfermedad , Telemedicina , Investigación Cualitativa , Emociones , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida
18.
Sex., salud soc. (Rio J.) ; (36): 343-362, dez. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156948

RESUMEN

Resumo Este artigo é um desdobramento do processo de pesquisa sobre a trajetória de vítimas de violência no estado do Ceará (Brasil). Seu objetivo é apresentar as narrativas sobre o sentido da participação em uma rede formada por familiares de vítimas de violência. Para tanto, vale-se da interlocução com três mulheres que são mães e tiveram seus filhos assassinados e/ou encarcerados. A Rede de Mães do Ceará surgiu em 2018 em razão da participação dessas mulheres em uma das edições do Encontro Nacional de Mães e Familiares de Vítimas do Terrorismo do Estado. Observa-se, por intermédio de seus relatos, uma teia de emoções e motivações associadas à ideia de luta por reconhecimento, memória e amor. A metodologia de coleta de dados adotada para a análise somou a realização de um grupo de discussão com as três integrantes da rede cearense a uma série de observações em campo.


Abstract This article is the result of a research process on the trajectory of victims of violence in the state of Ceará, Brazil. Its objective is to present the narratives about the meaning of participation in a network formed by family members of victims of violence. For that, it uses the interlocution with three women who are mothers and had their children murdered and / or imprisoned. The Network of Ceará Mothers appeared in mid-2018 due to the participation of these women in one of the editions of the National Meeting of Mothers and Family Members Victims of State Terrorism. It is possible to observe, through their reports, a web of emotions and motivations associated with the idea of struggle for recognition, memory and love. Data collection methodology included a discussion group with three members of the Ceará network and field observations made by the researchers.


Resumen Este artículo es un desarrollo del proceso de investigación sobre la trayectoria de víctimas de la violencia en el estado de Ceará. Su objetivo es presentar las narrativas sobre el significado de la participación en una red formada por familiares de víctimas de violencia. Para eso, utiliza la interlocución con tres mujeres que son madres y tuvieron sus hijos asesinados y/o encarcelados. La Red de Madres de Ceará surgió en 2018 por la participación de estas mujeres en una de las ediciones del Encuentro Nacional de Madres y Familiares de Víctimas del Terrorismo del Estado. Se observa a través de sus relatos una red de emociones y motivaciones asociadas a la idea de lucha por el reconocimiento, la memoria y el amor. La metodología de recolección de datos adoptada para el análisis agregó un grupo de discusión con los tres miembros de la red Ceará a una serie de observaciones de campo.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Apoyo Social , Violencia , Familia , Víctimas de Crimen , Estado , Madres , Prisiones , Brasil , Adolescente , Derechos Civiles , Violaciones de los Derechos Humanos , Emociones , Narrativa Personal , Distrés Psicológico , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida
19.
Sex., salud soc. (Rio J.) ; (36): 74-94, dez. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156947

RESUMEN

Resumen A partir de seis entrevistas a hombres con VIH (HV) con identidades no heteronormativas, este artículo explora los cambios y continuidades, después del diagnóstico, en sus sexualidades y expresiones de género. Se focalizó la atención en los condicionamientos estructurales a estas experiencias. Para el análisis, se retomaron elementos de la construcción de género de y la teoría de la estructuración. Se recurre al método de comparación constante, para formar categorías con los patrones encontrados. Los resultados destacan que la opresión estructural a las prácticas sexuales y expresiones de género, se incrementa con la agudización de necesidades materiales y de apoyo, espiritual y psicológico.


Resumo Com base em seis entrevistas com homens com HIV (HH), com identidades não-heteronromativas, este estudo explora as mudanças e continuidades em sua sexualidade e expressões de gênero após o diagnóstico, focalizando as condições estruturais dessas experiências. Elementos de construção de gênero e a teoria de estruturação foram usados na análise. Usando o método de comparação constante para formar categorias com os padrões encontrados. Os resultados mostram que a opressão estrutural das práticas sexuais e expressões de gênero aumentam com o agravamento das necessidades materiais e de apoio espiritual e psicológico.


Abstract Based on six interviews with men with HIV (MH) that have non-heteronormative identities, this study explores transformations and continuities in their sexuality and gender expressions after the diagnosis. The focus was on the structural conditioning of this experience. For the analysis, elements of the construction of gender and the theory of structuring were used. The constant comparison method is used to form categories within patterns found. The results highlight that the structural oppression of sexual practices and gender expressions increases with the exacerbation of material needs and for spiritual and psychological support.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH , Seropositividad para VIH , Sexualidad , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Identidad de Género , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Entrevistas como Asunto , Investigación Cualitativa , Estigma Social , Personas Transgénero , Narrativa Personal , Normas de Género , México
20.
Sex., salud soc. (Rio J.) ; (36): 231-254, dez. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156946

RESUMEN

Resumo O artigo aborda as ambiguidades dos lugares ocupados pelas mães e familiares a partir de limites e possibilidades de agenciamento no ativismo em torno das prisões. Discuto a atuação de mães em uma associação de familiares de presos chamada Amparar, com sede em São Paulo, seguindo os trajetos de Railda Alves, uma de suas fundadoras. A Amparar existe desde 2004 e desenvolve suas atividades em articulação com outras organizações que atuam no campo dos Direitos Humanos. O reconhecimento como mãe de preso e a enunciação tanto da potência do vínculo materno quanto do sofrimento dele decorrente fazem parte das negociações que envolvem o diálogo e o trabalho em rede com outras organizações, ativistas e instituições estatais. A figura da mãe permite a participação em determinadas atividades e a construção de trajetórias ativistas, mas opera também como limitadora em contextos que envolvem, sobretudo, as negociações com o Estado.


Abstract The article addresses the ambiguities of being mothers and family members con- sidering the limits and possibilities of agency in activism around prisons. I discuss the role of mothers in a Prisoners' Family Association named Amparar, located in São Paulo, following the paths of Railda Alves, one of its founders. Amparar exists since 2004 and develops its activities in conjunction with other organizations working in the field of Human Rights. The recognition as a prisoner's mother and the statement of both the strength of the maternal bond and the resulting suffering from it are part of the negotiations that involve dialogue and networking with other organizations, activists, and state institutions. The figure of the mother allows participation in certain activities and the construction of activist trajectories, but it also operates as a limiter in contexts that involve negotiations with the State.


Resumen El artículo aborda las ambigüedades de los lugares ocupados por madres y fami- liares desde los límites y posibilidades de agencia en el activismo en torno a las cárceles. Mi análisis si construye desde el papel de las madres en una asociación de familiares de presos llamada Amparar, con sede en São Paulo, siguiendo los caminos de Railda Alves, una de sus fundadoras. Amparar existe desde 2004 y desarrolla sus actividades en conjunto con otras organizaciones que trabajan en el campo de los Derechos Humanos. El reconocimiento como madre de un preso y la declaración tanto de la fuerza del vínculo materno como del sufrimien- to resultante son parte de las negociaciones que implican el diálogo y el networking con otras organizaciones, activistas e instituciones estatales. La figura de la madre permite la partici- pación en determinadas actividades y la construcción de trayectorias activistas, pero también opera como limitante en contextos que involucran, sobre todo, negociaciones con el Estado.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Prisiones , Familia , Activismo Político , Identidad de Género , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Madres , Prisioneros , Estrés Psicológico , Derechos Civiles , Narrativa Personal
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