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1.
Crit Care Nurs Q ; 45(1): 62-73, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818299

RESUMEN

Today, one of the major ethical challenges facing the world's health care system, and in particular nurses in the intensive care unit, is euthanasia or death out of pity. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitude of Iranian nurses in the intensive care unit toward euthanasia. This was an analytical cross-sectional study using census sampling. The data collection tool was the Euthanasia Attitude Scale. A total of 206 nurses working in the intensive care unit in 4 hospitals in the Mazandaran province of Iran were included in this study. The mean of total Euthanasia Attitude Scale score in intensive care unit nurses was 2.96. The mean euthanasia dimensions were ethical consideration, practical considerations, treasuring life, and naturalistic beliefs, 3.03, 2.92, 2.98, and 2.99, respectively. There was significant but low negative correlation between age and total Euthanasia Attitude Scale score, ethical considerations, and practical considerations. Male nurses exhibited significantly higher Euthanasia Attitude Scale scores, specifically in regard to ethical and practical considerations compared with female nurses. The most Iranian nurses in the intensive care unit had a negative attitude toward euthanasia for patients in the later stages of the disease. However, this opposition was less than similar studies in Iran in the past.


Asunto(s)
Eutanasia , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Cuidados Críticos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Irán , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Clin Imaging ; 81: 60-61, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619565

RESUMEN

From the more than 700,000 deaths from COVID-19 in the US and the nearly 5 million worldwide, there emerge even more stories than match the statistics when one considers all of the patients' relations. While the numbers are staggering, when we humanize the stories, we are left with even greater devastation, of course. One of the stories among so many that seemed particularly salient and poignant to us was the death of Dr. Susan Moore. Her plaintive Facebook post, which went viral in December 2020, was made a few weeks before she died at the age of 52 from COVID-19 and claimed that she was a victim of racially biased treatment at a hospital in Indiana. It was Dr. Moore's mentioning of CT scans that led us to reflect on the biases of some health care workers and the role of radiologists. Our initial interface with our patients is actually not with their faces, but with their films. This dynamic does not eliminate any biases we may harbor but shields practitioners and patients from potential glaring racial biases in this first and sometimes only stage of the relationship.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , COVID-19 , Sesgo , Femenino , Humanos , Radiólogos , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 103(10): 725-729, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719956

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Surgery is a major contributor to the large environmental impact of healthcare, demanding urgent attention. To date there are no data on the attitudes and behaviours of surgeons towards climate change, or perceived barriers towards sustainable practice. METHODS: We invited surgeons and surgical trainees in the UK and Ireland to participate in an online survey (developed in accordance with the CHERRIES checklist) conducted between June and November 2020 and disseminated via the Royal College of Surgeons of England, Edinburgh and Ireland, the Association of Surgeons in Training and through local communication. RESULTS: We received 130 responses, across 14 surgical specialties. The majority of respondents (122/130; 94%) were concerned about the threat of climate change. Most respondents had instigated more sustainable practices in their personal lives (113/130; 87%) and, to a lesser extent, at work (73/130; 56%). Surgeons were willing to make changes to their clinical practice (107/130; 82%), but the main perceived barrier to improving sustainability was a lack of leadership (92/130; 70%). Surgeons welcomed greater leadership and guidance from national bodies (118/130; 91%) and more monitoring and regulation (113/130; 87%). CONCLUSIONS: The surgeons who responded to our survey are concerned about climate change and willing to engage in efforts to transition to more sustainable practice, but would welcome greater support, guidance and leadership.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Cirujanos/psicología , Crecimiento Sostenible , Cambio Climático , Cirugía General/métodos , Humanos , Irlanda , Innovación Organizacional , Cirujanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reino Unido
4.
J Prof Nurs ; 37(5): 985-994, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742532

RESUMEN

Abundant literature supports the value of interprofessional education (IPE) in health profession programs, but few studies focus on undergraduate honors students. The goals of this academic-practice partnership quality improvement project were to increase awareness of IPE, provide experiential opportunities to learn the principles of interprofessional practice, assess perceptions of readiness for practice, and to explore motivations and learning expectations of undergraduate nursing and pre-medical honors students. Average scores on the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) increased in several areas after the IPE simulation experiences, with small to medium effect sizes (Cohen's d) on individual items and two subscales (Teamwork & Collaboration and Positive Professional Identity). Themes identified in the narrative data were opportunity, fun, self-awareness, situational awareness, and the value of teamwork. These findings add to literature on honor students' expectations and motivations for learning and can be used in designing interprofessional collaborative learning activities for undergraduate health profession students.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Empleos en Salud , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales
5.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 286: 60-64, 2021 Nov 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755691

RESUMEN

This paper investigates the often neglected area of data work by medical secretaries, specifically in the context of hospitals in Denmark. Since the 1930s medical secretaries have played a steadily more central role in meeting the growing need for health data. With electronic health records (EHRs) and promises of data automation, the profession has been put at risk of redundancy. While there is a considerable base of research on the datafication of health care, the data work emerging from datafication remains undescribed. Hence, we are conducting a socio-technical study of clinical-administrative data work in contemporary Danish public hospitals. In this paper we present early insights of this research, indicating the vital role of medical secretaries' data work in securing clinical information at the point of care.


Asunto(s)
Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Secretarias Médicas , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Hospitales Públicos , Humanos
6.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(758): 1939-1942, 2021 Nov 10.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755944

RESUMEN

The ambition of personalized medicine now also concerns the prevention of chronic diseases, based on genetic risk profiles. The objective of this project was to describe the perception and attitudes of patients and general practitioners (GP) on this issue, in order to consider the consequences on the health system. The study included two axes, patients (questionnaire survey) and GPs (consensus study using the Delphi method), preceded by a qualitative exploratory phase. The study showed that genetic screening for disease risk factors was not a priority, either for patients or for GPs. On the other hand, the role of the GP in the use of these tests will probably be predominant. This implies the need for training and availability of up-to-date information.


Asunto(s)
Medicina General , Médicos Generales , Actitud , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Enfermedad Crónica , Humanos , Motivación , Medicina de Precisión
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769767

RESUMEN

AIM: This study aims to assess the influence of training on nurses' attitudes toward end-of-life care during the COVID-19 pandemic alarm state in Spain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Data collection was carried out by means of an ad hoc questionnaire using Google Forms in April and May 2020. The score of attitudes toward end-of-life care was used, to which sociodemographic variables and training in palliative care were added. METHODS: Data were collected from 238 nursing professionals who had cared for COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 adult patients at the end-of-life stage in a hospital or nursing home. RESULTS: Results showed that 51% of the nurses in the sample had training in palliative care. However, the percentage decreased to 38.5% among those who cared for COVID-19 patients and to 44.5% in those who cared for non-COVID-19 patients. In relation to attitudes about end-of-life care, more positive attitudes and a higher mean score were found in the trained group. CONCLUSIONS: Palliative care training is a key element in end-of-life care and is even more important in times of COVID-19. IMPACT: Although end-of-life accompaniment has been studied, few studies have included the influence of training on this during the pandemic. This study identifies key elements of accompaniment and training in a comparison of COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients during the pandemic. In relation to attitudes toward end-of-life care, the results showed a more positive attitude and a higher mean score in the trained group (3.43 ± 0.37 versus 3.21 ± 0.32), the difference being statistically significant (p < 0.001).


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Cuidado Terminal , Actitud , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Estudios Transversales , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , España/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770088

RESUMEN

Ecuador assumed the commitment of including Palliative Care (PC) in its health policies. In 2014, the Ministry of Public Health (Ministerio de Salud Pública, MSP) approved the Clinical Practice Guide for Palliative Care (Guía de Práctica Clínica sobre Cuidados Paliativos, GPCCP), with application at the national level, as a mandatory internal regulation in all institutions belonging to the National Health System. In 2021, there is no evidence about the degree of implementation. The objective was to evaluate the implementation (I) of the GPCCP guide and the knowledge (C) of the health personnel working in the Zone 7 Health Centers (HCs). This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and prospective study. A total of 292 professionals were interviewed: managers (38), physicians (150), and nurses (104). Three surveys based on the GPCCP guide were elaborated: one for the implementation, which was applied to the individuals in charge, and the others to assess the health professionals' knowledge. The SPSS program was used, version 25. In the three groups, more than half of the participants had no training in PC, 91.2% of the HCs have the GPCCP guide, there is PC medical history (MH) in 38.2%, and morphine is used in 14.7%. The implementation of the GPCCP guide was inadequate in 52.9% of the cases. Only 25% treat the agony symptoms and 30%, delirium; 4.4% acknowledge the use of morphine in dyspnea, and 13.3% identify the subcutaneous route as the first choice for hydration at the end-of-life phase. Strategies to implement the GPCCP guide and to improve the health personnel's knowledge must be implemented in Zone 7 centers.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Cuidados Paliativos , Estudios Transversales , Ecuador , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Atención Primaria de Salud , Estudios Prospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
9.
Am J Occup Ther ; 75(4)2021 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780607

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: Discrimination based on disability-ableism-is pervasive and affects the opportunities of people with disabilities to fully engage in society. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the impact of occupational therapy graduate education on students' explicit and implicit disability attitudes throughout their graduate education. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study, measuring occupational therapy students' attitudes on an annual basis. SETTING: Three Midwestern graduate occupational therapy programs. PARTICIPANTS: Occupational therapy students (N = 67). Outcomes and Measures: Participants completed the Symbolic Ableism Scale (to measure their explicit disability attitudes) and the Disability Attitude Implicit Association Test (to measure their implicit disability attitudes) on an annual basis, from when they entered their occupational therapy program to when they graduated. RESULTS: The students' explicit attitudes decreased (i.e., became more favorable) throughout their education; however, their implicit attitudes did not change. In fact, most students (68%) were implicitly ableist at graduation. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Occupational therapy education programs have an important role to play in terms of intervening with students' beliefs and preconceived assumptions about disability. Our finding suggests that occupational therapy programs may fail to intervene with students' ableist attitudes. What This Article Adds: Little longitudinal research has examined how students' implicit disability bias may be affected by their academic experience. Our findings about ableism among occupational therapy students should open the door for further dialogue on the existence of ableism in program content, its potential impact on future client interactions, and the development of approaches to address it.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad , Terapia Ocupacional , Actitud , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Estudiantes , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Br J Community Nurs ; 26(11): 526-531, 2021 Nov 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731040

RESUMEN

Although dignity has been widely explored in the context of healthcare, it has rarely been the subject of empirical exploration when care is delivered by community district nursing teams. This paper demonstrates how a commonplace community nursing task (changing dressings) can constitute a clinical lens through which to explore the ways in which community nurses can influence patients' dignity. This ethnographic study involved two research methods: interviews with patients and nurses (n=22) and observations of clinical interactions (n=62). Dignity can manifest during routine interactions between community nurses and patients. Patient-participants identified malodour from their ill-bodies as a particular threat to dignity. Nurses can reinforce the dignity of their patients through relational aspects of care and the successful concealment of 'leaky' bodies.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Enfermería en Salud Comunitaria/métodos , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Enfermeros de Salud Comunitaria/psicología , Pacientes/psicología , Personeidad , Respeto , Antropología Cultural , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Vendajes , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Investigación Cualitativa , Población Urbana
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769846

RESUMEN

Despite a keen interest in clinical research, most paramedical professionals are unwilling to play an active role. Our objective was to explore paramedical professionals' representations of research. Using an existing database of final year paramedical students (speech therapy, occupational therapy, psychomotricity, audiometry, physiotherapy, orthoptics), we deployed a qualitative approach composed of two successive steps: (1) a free word association task, and (2) semi-structured individual interviews. Out of the 54 students who agreed to be contacted, we received 21 responses to the free word association questionnaire, and 11 interviews were conducted. The hierarchical evocation matrix revealed that the scientific representation of research is based on words defining the research and the purpose of the research. "Collaboration" was identified as being an essential part of the research process. The central core of the representation is coherent with all its components perceived as positive. The content analysis of the interviews showed a polarization around two key points: (1) participants are interested in accessing and using evidence in their practice (2) but feel less confident about and/or motivated to generate evidence themselves. This study highlights the need to develop more research-friendly environments, especially in training institutions.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Ocupacional , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Emociones , Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Investigación Cualitativa , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
13.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(11): 2645-2647, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783751

RESUMEN

To assess the knowledge, behaviours and attitudes towards Patient Safety (PS) among interns of a tertiary care hospital, a cross sectional survey was conducted among 126 interns of Combined Military Hospital, Lahore (CMH Lhr), using Questionnaire (APSQ -4) in December 2019. Statistical analysis was done on SPSS 23. The interns exhibited good PS knowledge. The highest response was evident for "Attitude to Medical Error Reporting" domain (53.34±7.62) followed by "PS Knowledge" (50.88±6.85) with lowest response for "Attitude to PS Skills" domain (Mean = 16.34 ± 3.46). Independent Sample T Tests for comparison of mean responses of civilian and military interns revealed significant difference for PS Attitude to PS Training only, T Test (df)1.940 (124) p-value = 0.055. PS knowledge exists among the interns with limited training and practices. Medical educationists and supervisors should incorporate PS culture in junior doctors through rigorous training.


Asunto(s)
Cuerpo Médico de Hospitales , Seguridad del Paciente , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Centros de Atención Terciaria
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769543

RESUMEN

Restraint use in Australian residential aged care has been highlighted by the media, and investigated by researchers, government and advocacy bodies. In 2018, the Royal Commission into Aged Care selected 'Restraint' as a key focus of inquiry. Subsequently, Federal legislation was passed to ensure restraint is only used in residential aged care services as the 'last resort'. To inform and develop Government educational resources, we conducted qualitative research to gain greater understanding of the experiences and attitudes of aged care stakeholders around restraint practice. Semi-structured interviews were held with 28 participants, comprising nurses, care staff, physicians, physiotherapists, pharmacists and relatives. Two focus groups were also conducted to ascertain the views of residential and community aged care senior management staff. Data were thematically analyzed using a pragmatic approach of inductive and deductive coding and theme development. Five themes were identified during the study: 1. Understanding of restraint; 2. Support for legislation; 3. Restraint-free environments are not possible; 4. Low-level restraint; 5. Restraint in the community is uncharted. Although most staff, health practitioners and relatives have a basic understanding of restraint, more education is needed at a conceptual level to enable them to identify and avoid restraint practice, particularly 'low-level' forms and chemical restraint. There was strong support for the new restraint regulations, but most interviewees admitted they were unsure what the legislation entailed. With regards to resources, stakeholders wanted recognition that there were times when restraint was necessary and advice on what to do in these situations, as opposed to unrealistic aspirations for restraint-free care. Stakeholders reported greater oversight of restraint in residential aged care but specified that community restraint use was largely unknown. Research is needed to investigate the extent and types of restraint practice in community aged care.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Restricción Física , Anciano , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Australia , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769631

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In Australia, Indian immigrants are one of the fastest-growing communities. Since oral cancer is widespread in India, the indulgence of Indians in customs of areca (betel) nut use in Australia may be linked to the recent rise in oral cancer cases. Since GPs (general practitioners) are primary healthcare providers, it is pivotal to ensure the oral cancer awareness of GPs. This study aimed to explore oral cancer risk-related knowledge, beliefs, and clinical practices of GPs in Australia. METHODS: Fourteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with GPs practicing across New South Wales and Victoria. Purposive and snowball sampling were used for recruitment. Data were analysed through a directed content analysis approach. RESULTS: All GPs were knowledgeable of major oral cancer causative factors including tobacco and alcohol, but some had limited understanding about the risks associated with areca nut preparations. Positive attitudes were evident, with all participants acknowledging the importance of oral cancer risk assessment. Most GPs recalled not performing oral cancer routine check-ups. CONCLUSION: GPs presented good oral cancer knowledge except for emerging risk factors such as areca nut use. Varied beliefs and inconsistent clinical practices relating to oral cancer screening is concerning. Accessible oral cancer training around emerging risk factors may benefit GPs.


Asunto(s)
Emigrantes e Inmigrantes , Médicos Generales , Neoplasias de la Boca , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Humanos , Neoplasias de la Boca/epidemiología , Neoplasias de la Boca/etiología , Percepción , Factores de Riesgo , Victoria
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769813

RESUMEN

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of high levels of knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice on evidence-based medicine (EBM) and identify the associated factors for practice score on EBM among emergency medicine doctors in Kelantan, Malaysia. This cross-sectional study was conducted in government hospitals in Kelantan. The data were collected from 200 emergency physicians and medical officers in the emergency department using the Noor Evidence-Based Medicine Questionnaire. Simple and general linear regressions analyses using SPSS were performed. A total of 183 responded, making a response rate of 91.5%. Of them, 49.7% had a high level of knowledge, 39.9% had a positive attitude and 2.1% had good practice. Sex, race, the average number of patients seen per day, internet access in workplace, having online quick reference application, and attitude towards EBM were significantly associated with EBM practice scores. It is recommended that appropriate authorities provide emergency doctors with broader access to evidence resources. EBM skill training should be enhanced in the current medical school curriculums.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Médicos , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Estudios Transversales , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Humanos , Malasia
17.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 29(Special Issue): 1251-1257, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792873

RESUMEN

The trend towards empowering nurses with broader functions and responsibility is global and is driven by the development of medical technology and demographic trends. Therefore, raising the question of changing the role of a nurse in Russian health care is legitimate. However, when implementing innovations in such a sensitive area as health care, it is necessary to take into account the context of the reform. The article presents the results of comprehensive sociological researchers conducted in 2019 and 2020, and concerning: the first - working conditions and the quality of professional training of the Moscow nurses and physicians; the second - their attitude to the idea of ​​expanding the functions of nurses; ideas about the presence of the necessary conditions for this, the response from patients and doctors, the impact on the availability and quality of medical care. The data indicate the ambiguity of the attitude towards the planned innovation. On the one hand, there is an understanding of the need for a certain redistribution of functions and responsibilities between doctors and nurses with an increased role for the latter. On the other hand, the experience of recent years has formed among nurses and physicians negative expectations from innovations of an organizational nature. First of all, a further increase in the load is expected, despite the fact that the current one is perceived by many as excessive, and also that the increase in load and responsibility will not receive adequate material compensation. Other concerns are associated with stereotypes that have formed among doctors and patients, who are used to seeing nurses exclusively in secondary roles, as well as with the inadequacy of their current professional training. The elimination of negative expectations can be facilitated by a system of measures to improve the regulation, organization and remuneration of nurses, improve the quality of professional training of nurses, taking into account their new role, as well as the social prestige of this professional group.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Instituciones de Salud , Humanos , Moscú , Federación de Rusia
18.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 29(Special Issue): 1311-1317, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792883

RESUMEN

The article is devoted to the study of the issue of changing the functionality of nurses, analyzing the opinions of nurses and doctors themselves on the implementation of such an innovation, assessing the benefits and consequences associated with expanding the functions and increasing the role of nurses in the medical community. The research is based on CHAID-analysis of data from a questionnaire survey conducted in 2020, which revealed the respondents' attitude to the idea of improving the status of nurses and expanding their functions, expectations of the possible reaction of the medical community and patients to this innovation, and the development of so-called «trees¼ of classifications for various variables. The collected and systematized data on changes in the functionality of nurses can serve as a starting point for the possible expansion of the functions and powers of nurses in the metropolitan health care, as well as increasing the role and status of nurses in the professional environment. The results of the Moscow study presented in the article confirm the conclusions of other scientists and practitioners from the Russian regions, in which a pilot project has already been implemented to change the functionality of nurses.


Asunto(s)
Médicos , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Atención a la Salud , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Federación de Rusia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(3): 328-333, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795174

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been well established, the utilization rate of ECT has decreased in Poland in recent years. One of the main reasons could be the negative attitude towards ECT in the community and by mental health professionals. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge about and attitudes toward ECT in Polish mental health professionals including psychiatrists and non-physicians: nurses, psychologists, social workers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals in two large Polish hospitals were approached to participate in the survey by completing a 28-item questionnaire. The specific hospitals have been selected due to the fact that they were located in the same province of Poland (Mazowsze), had similar catchment area and profile, provided similar mental health services with only one exception; one offered ECT while the other did not. Of the 185 questionnaires that had been distributed, 165 were completed yielding a response rate of 89.19%. The study population consists of 85 psychiatrists and trainees and 80 non-physicians. RESULTS: Psychiatrists did not differ from other mental health professionals with respect to the knowledge and attitudes toward ECT. However, there were significant differences in the attitude (9.1±3.8 vs 7.1±3.3; p<0.001) and knowledge (5.9±3.8 vs 2.8±4.1; p<0.001) scores between those professionals, who have ever worked in a psychiatric ward where they could observe ECT sessions and those who have not had such an opportunity. CONCLUSIONS: Frequent witnessing of ECT sessions seems to be the most effective educational intervention to change negative attitudes towards ECT.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Electroconvulsiva , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Salud Mental , Polonia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Nurs Clin North Am ; 56(4): 479-493, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749889

RESUMEN

Weight bias and stigma exist in a variety of realms in our society (media, education, employment, and health care), and unfortunately many view it as a socially acceptable form of discrimination. Patients with obesity often avoid scheduling appointments for health promotion visits and routine care due to perceived weight bias and stigma from their health care provider. Within the health care setting, it is important that health care providers strategically focus on reducing obesity bias and provide high-quality obesity management. People-first language should be used and waiting rooms and examination rooms should be accommodating to people of all sizes.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Sesgo , Obesidad/psicología , Discriminación Social , Estigma Social , Humanos , Estereotipo
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