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1.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(3): 24-27, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138478

RESUMEN

Background: Sexual problems are common in the society. But the medical professionals are reluctant to address sexual health issues. In this study we are assessing the attitude of medical practitioners towards various sexual health issues. Methods: : The study used anonymous self-responsive questionnaire survey of hundred medical practitioners from various parts of Kerala. Medical practitioners were asked to respond to various questions regarding their area of practise, their training in sexual medicine and about their perception and attitude towards patients' sexual health problems. Data collected and basic descriptive statistics were calculated. Results: Out of 125 anonymous self-responsive survey questionnaires send to medical practitioners, we received hundred completed responses. Only 18% reported that they had some training in sexual medicine. Most of the medical practitioners are having the opinion that sexual problems are common in the society and only very few percentage (about 4%) seek help from medical practitioners regarding their sexual health issues. Anxiety and inhibition from the patient side to disclose and lack of privacy in the busy OPD are the major obstacles which prevent patients to seek medical help. Majority of doctors are reluctant to ask about their patients sexual issues. The participants identified that lack of time and privacy in the busy OPD and lack of proper training to address sexual issues are the major factors that prevent doctors from addressing sexual issues in their day to day clinical practice. Conclusion: Sexual issues are common in the society. This study identified gaps in sexual health training among medical professionals in Kerala. Lack of proper training to address the sexual health issues is a major obstacle in managing sexual problems which can be addressed by improving training in sexual medicine to both medical students and medical practitioners.


Asunto(s)
Médicos , Salud Sexual , Actitud , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Humanos , Conducta Sexual , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
JAMA ; 323(10): 1000, 2020 03 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32154854
3.
JAMA ; 323(10): 1000-1001, 2020 03 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32154857
5.
Science ; 367(6480): 861-862, 2020 02 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32079764
6.
Bull Cancer ; 107(2): 191-199, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035649

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Cancer management is a public health issue in France. Its incidence is stabilizing even decreasing, but the prevalence increases. Public policies give at the general practitioner (GP) a central role in oncological care: it must be present at all stages of the disease, from screening to post-cancer. METHODS: One-year prospective monocentric study in a cancer institute. Distribution of a questionnaire to unplanned hospitalized patients and collection of socio-demographic and medical data in their files. RESULTS: Fifty-four percent of the study patients did not consult their GP for the health problem that motivated hospitalization. Sixty-nine percent of patients surveyed believe that GP is not the primary care physician for the management of complications and adverse effects of oncology treatments. A large majority of patients have metastatic cancer while only 40 % followed by the support care team. DISCUSSION: GP's are not yet integrated into the active management of cancer for study patients. The symptoms that GP's say they can easily manage are the most frequent reasons for hospitalization.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Médicos Generales , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Neoplasias/psicología , Grupo de Atención al Paciente , Anciano , Instituciones Oncológicas , Urgencias Médicas/epidemiología , Femenino , Francia , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias/terapia , Estudios Prospectivos , Evaluación de Síntomas
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(3): 180, 2020 Feb 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065288

RESUMEN

This paper presents results of questionnaire surveys regarding the state of the natural environment in rural areas. The research was conducted on a sample of 1101 agricultural holdings in Poland. According to the analyses, agricultural producers are aware of environmental threats posed by irrational agricultural economy. Most respondents indicated the responsibility of farmers and other residents of rural areas as a basic condition for broadly understood environmental safety in rural areas in Poland. In the opinion of respondents, systems and programs for funding the replacement of heating boilers, thermomodernization of buildings, etc., are also important. There were significant differences in farmers' declarations, taking into account the age and level of education of the respondents, as well as features of agricultural holdings (area and economic size of the agricultural holding).


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Agricultores , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Agricultura , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Polonia , Adulto Joven
8.
J Environ Manage ; 260: 110047, 2020 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32090805

RESUMEN

When confronted with concerns or backlash as a result of their environmental or sustainability performance, companies may elect to address them head-on by directly correcting their real or perceived misdeeds. However, it is often the case that businesses are unwilling or unable to address their transgressions directly; in these cases, they may elect to draw attention to indirect substantiality benefits unfolding in areas unrelated to where the concerns or backlash initially arose. In this study, we sought to test the effect of these indirect and direct responses to sustainability challenges on two dependent variables: public perception of company reputation, and their willingness to grant a company "social license" for future business activities. Compared to a business-as-usual control condition, and across three company contexts, consumers provided favorable ratings of reputation, and were willing to grant social license, when companies responded indirectly to a sustainability challenge. These results highlight the powerful effect of indirect responses, which may be perceived as "greenwash", and the importance of intuitive judgmental heuristics and individual value orientations when consumers form impressions about corporate sustainability.


Asunto(s)
Juicio , Virtudes , Actitud , Comercio , Organizaciones
9.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 38(1): [E09], febrero 15 2020. Tab 1, Tab 2
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1052009

RESUMEN

Objective. To describe the care experiences of students in burn units. Methods. Qualitative research of the phenomenological descriptive type which was conducted with the participation of eight senior nursing students in Shiraz College of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran. The method used for gathering data about Student experiences in Care Services for Burn Cases was the individual semi-structured interview. The Colaizzi method was used for analysing and interpreting the data. Results. Three main themes emerged: the attractive but stressful experience, trying to adjust and metamorphosis in attitude. Taking care of burned patients led to metamorphosis and adaptation to the requirements of burn care due to the students' improved attitudes, awareness and potentials. This finally turned the stressful nature of taking care of a burn patient into an attractive experience for them. Conclusion. Students with little clinical experience of stressful working situations in burn units faced different challenges. Due to the specific nature of taking care of burned patients, the clinical experiences of nursing students who offer these services are unique.


Objetivo. Describir las experiencias de atención de los estudiantes en las unidades de quemados. Métodos. Investigación cualitativa del tipo descriptivo fenomenológico que se realizó con la participación de ocho estudiantes senior de enfermería en el Shiraz College of Nursing and Midwifery en Irán. El método utilizado para reunir datos sobre las experiencias de los estudiantes en los servicios de atención de pacientes quemados fue la entrevista individual semiestructurada. El método Colaizzi se utilizó para analizar e interpretar los datos. Resultados. Emergieron tres temas principales: la experiencia atractiva pero estresante, tratando de adaptarse, y la metamorfosis en actitud. El cuidado a los pacientes quemados condujo a la metamorfosis y a la adaptación a los requerimientos del cuidado de las quemaduras, debido a que los estudiantes mejoraron las actitudes, mostraron mayor conciencia y desarrollaron potencialidades. Esto finalmente convirtió la naturaleza estresante de cuidar a un paciente quemado en una experiencia atractiva para ellos. Conclusión. Los estudiantes con poca experiencia clínica de situaciones laborales estresantes pueden enfrentar diversos desafíos en las unidades de quemados. Debido a la naturaleza específica del cuidado de este tipo de pacientes, las experiencias clínicas son únicas para los estudiantes de enfermería.


Objetivo. Descreva as experiências de atenção do aluno em unidades de queimados. Métodos. Pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo descritivo fenomenológico, realizada com a participação de oito estudantes seniores de enfermagem da Faculdade de Enfermagem e Obstetrícia Shiraz, no Irã. O método utilizado para coletar dados sobre as experiências dos estudantes nos serviços de queimados foi a entrevista individual semiestruturada. O método Colaizzi foi utilizado para analisar e interpretar os dados. Resultados. Surgiram três temas principais: a experiência atraente, porém estressante, tentando se adaptar e a metamorfose na atitude. Cuidar de pacientes queimados levou à metamorfose e adaptação às exigências do cuidado com queimaduras, porque os alunos melhoraram atitudes, mostraram maior consciência e desenvolveram potencialidades. Isso finalmente transformou a natureza estressante de cuidar de um paciente queimado em uma experiência atraente para eles. Conclusão. Alunos com pouca experiência clínica em situações estressantes de trabalho podem enfrentar vários desafios em unidades de queima. Devido à natureza específica do atendimento a esses pacientes, as experiências clínicas são únicas para os estudantes de enfermagem.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Unidades de Quemados , Actitud , Investigación Cualitativa , Educación en Enfermería , Atención de Enfermería
10.
Orv Hetil ; 161(3): 95-102, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928062

RESUMEN

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a health burden for the patient and the society. We have sought to find the optimal education content to alleviate this burden. Aim: (1) To create patient education content based on the pulmonologists' opinion; (2) to understand the pulmonologists' attitudes and perceptions; (3) to evaluate the options to improve patient adherence. Method: We have performed 20 interviews with pulmonologists working in inpatient, outpatient and rehabilitation settings. The structure of the interviews has been designed to determine the key elements of a patient education programme and to discover perception and therapeutic attitudes. Results: The average COPD patient is a smoker, male, under-socialized, coughs, has dyspnoea and is older than 40 years. He does not take his illness seriously, and seeks medical attention only in case of worsening of the disease, and improvement in adherence is only present in such cases. The latter phenomenon is frequently transient, and limited to worse periods. Three adherence groups can be defined: marginal good adherence (approx. 10%), the average is around 30-40%, and minimal adherence (60%). Correct inhaler use should be taught in maximum three steps, which should be easily reproduced and explained. Conclusion: The aspects defining the framework of the education programme are the adequate patient profile (tailor-making), on-the-spot education in the pulmonology centre, the relationship between the patient and the doctors, patient attitudes and lifestyle changes (smoking cessation), and choosing the adequate inhaler. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(3): 95-102.


Asunto(s)
Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/terapia , Neumólogos/psicología , Actitud , Disnea , Humanos , Masculino , Cumplimiento de la Medicación , Percepción , Neumología , Cese del Hábito de Fumar
11.
J Environ Manage ; 258: 109946, 2020 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929044

RESUMEN

Environmental pollutants generated by waste incineration plants, such as heavy metals and dioxin, make surrounding residents very sensitive to the construction of such facilities. This sensitivity and anxiety of residents may induce group events, which further leads to the emergence of social risks. Based on risk perception theory, a total of 320 questionnaires was designed and handed out to residents neighboring to Jiangqiao Waste Incineration Plant in Shanghai, China to detect the factors affecting risk attitude toward such plants. Using ordered logit model, it is found that there are four decisive factors including impact on health, information cognitive, objective characteristics, and the attitude of the neighbors. These factors have different influence on resident risk attitudes, in which the attitude of the neighbors is of most significance, followed by the economic-geography characteristics of residents, the information cognitive has minimal impact.


Asunto(s)
Dioxinas , Eliminación de Residuos , Administración de Residuos , Actitud , China , Incineración , Riesgo
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(1): 4-6, 2020 Jan 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914550

Asunto(s)
Actitud
14.
J Psychol ; 154(2): 159-175, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738658

RESUMEN

Drawing on the information processing model for the development of aggression, children's acquisition of aggressive responses could be associated with parenting that communicated norms favoring aggression. Extending this view, the present study examined the mediating role of children's normative beliefs about relational aggression (NBRA) on the association between psychologically controlling parenting and children's relational aggression (RA), and further explored whether this possible indirect effect would be contingent on the child's gender. 341 upper elementary school students (174 boys and 166 girls) reported perceived paternal psychological control (PPC) and maternal psychological control (MPC) during their fifth-grade fall semester, rated their NBRA during their sixth-grade fall semester, and assessed RA through a peer-nomination procedure during their sixth-grade spring semester. Results demonstrated that the indirect effects of perceived PPC and MPC on children's RA via their NBRA were both significant among the entire sample. However, by means of conditional process analysis, we found that whereas perceived PPC positively predicted boys' and girls' NBRA, perceived MPC positively predicted boys' but not girls' NBRA. In addition, children's NBRA was only positively predictive of RA for girls. As such, the indirect effect was exclusively significant for perceived PPC among girls.


Asunto(s)
Agresión/psicología , Padre/psicología , Madres/psicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Actitud , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Paritario , Factores Sexuales , Estudiantes
15.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 24(1): 126-133, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31643122

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Strong dentist communication skills (CS) are necessary for patient-centred care and oral health promotion. CS are imparted through the dental education experience, which can be optimised in part by incorporating student perceptions and needs into curricular development. The current study assessed student attitudes towards communication skills learning (CSL) in a Canadian university. METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire adapted from the Dental Communication Skills Attitude Scale and qualitative survey questions were completed by students (n = 124). RESULTS: Questionnaire findings indicate that attitudes towards CSL are generally favourable, with significant variation based on year of study, gender and ethnicity. Students understood the importance of CS for dental practice and patient-centred care. Whilst they appreciated the value of CSL, students described that challenges such as demanding programme schedules would preclude the utility of more formalised CSL activities. CONCLUSION: These findings may be useful for institutions seeking to implement or refine a CSL curriculum.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Universidades , Actitud , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Canadá , Comunicación , Curriculum , Humanos
16.
J Psychol ; 154(2): 129-143, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644371

RESUMEN

In this research, we hypothesized that employees' belief in a just world (BJW) would be positively related to their voice behavior, i.e., the expression of ideas or opinions with the intention of engendering organizational improvement or change, and that this relation would be mediated by perceived voice efficacy and perceived voice risk. To test these hypotheses, we collected self-reported data from employees in two different countries: China (N = 313) and Germany (N = 190). The results revealed a positive association between BJW and employee voice behavior in both samples. The two-mediator model was confirmed in the Chinese sample, while only perceived voice efficacy played a mediating role in the German sample. Possible reasons for these differences may be related to differences in cultural dimensions and education levels between the samples. The findings emphasize the importance of bolstering employees' belief in justice and the organizational climate, which influence perceived voice efficacy and risk, as means to increase organizational voice behavior.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Cultura Organizacional , Justicia Social/psicología , Conducta Verbal , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Adulto , China , Comparación Transcultural , Femenino , Alemania , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Organizaciones , Medición de Riesgo , Adulto Joven
17.
J Psychol ; 154(1): 15-37, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361210

RESUMEN

Bystanders represent one major avenue for reducing the incidence and severity of social exclusion, yet little research has examined behavioral measurement of bystander intervention. Utilizing the most common low risk form of exclusion, this study examined how group membership impacts college students' behavioral response to a peer's social exclusion through an Internet-based ball tossing game (N = 121). Participants played the game with three other virtual players, in which two of these players excluded the third player. Results demonstrated increased inclusive behavior towards the excluded peer across study conditions. This inclusion was strengthened when the excluded player was in the participant's in-group. Participants displayed an initial preference for in-group members, although attitudes towards all peers improved after the shared activity. Findings point to the interaction of social norms of inclusion, group membership, and changes in familiarity in determining bystander responses to social exclusion. In low-risk exclusion, group membership maintains an impact but does not provide sufficient motivation to counteract the social norm of inclusivity. The implication of bystander actions for promotion of community and future research are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Procesos de Grupo , Grupo Paritario , Distancia Social , Estudiantes/psicología , Adolescente , Actitud , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Normas Sociales , Adulto Joven
18.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 189-205, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372375

RESUMEN

Previous research has indicated that the sexual orientation of a sexual assault victim influences perceptions of blame. Although researchers have studied perceptions of blame toward straight and lesbian sexual assault victims, none have yet assessed perceptions of blame toward bisexual victims. The purpose of the current study is to examine perceptions of blame toward a female sexual assault victim and to determine whether the victim's sexual orientation impacts the level of attributed blame. Despite no previous research examining the impact of bisexuality on victim blaming, misconceptions that bisexual females are highly sexual, promiscuous, and untrustworthy make it likely that this population would be subject to greater levels of blame than either straight or lesbian victims. After random assignment to a vignette description of a sexual assault and completion of a victim-blaming questionnaire, results failed to support our hypotheses; participants did not blame the bisexual victim of sexual assault more than either the straight or lesbian victims. Further contrary to expected findings, males did not hold more blaming attitudes than females across conditions. Nonetheless, this study is important given the finding that attributions of blame influence whether sexual assault victims choose to disclose their assault, the failure of which can lead to negative mental health outcomes. Ultimately, the current study was a first step in understanding whether bisexual assault victims are evaluated differently than their straight and lesbian counterparts.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/psicología , Delitos Sexuales/psicología , Conducta Sexual/psicología , Adulto , Actitud , Bisexualidad/psicología , Revelación , Femenino , Homosexualidad Femenina/psicología , Humanos , Percepción Social , Responsabilidad Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Waste Manag ; 101: 18-27, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586873

RESUMEN

A survey, based on an expanded Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), was used to indirectly measure self-reported food wasting and its behavioral determinants. This was complemented with directly and objectively measured food waste in curbside garbage samples. Households (n = 189) reported throwing out avoidable food waste a mean of 5.48 times (SD = 5.58) and 6.63 portions (SD = 6.61) the week prior to completing the survey. These same households threw out a mean of 2,783 g/week of food waste (SD = 2,664) in a curbside garbage sample, with 63.27% of this consisting of avoidable food waste. There were weak to fair correlations between self-reported and curbside food waste samples. The direction and level of significance of all correlations of TPB behavioral determinants with self-reported and curbside food waste samples were similar, although the correlation coefficients were higher for self-reported food wasting. A linear regression (R2 = 0.34, p < 0.001) on self-reported avoidable food waste frequency demonstrated that it was significantly (p < 0.05) associated with perceived behavioral control, personal attitude, number of people per household, gender and employment status. This was contrasted with a linear regression (R2 = 0.19, p < 0.001) on curbside avoidable food waste which was also significantly (p < 0.05) associated with perceived behavioral control and number of people per household, but also housing tenure type (owner-occupancy vs tenancy) and the good provider identity. In general, self-reported results should be used with caution as they may underestimate food waste disposal and consideration should be given to supplement, if not replace, them with direct measurement of food waste disposal.


Asunto(s)
Residuos de Alimentos , Eliminación de Residuos , Actitud , Alimentos , Autoinforme , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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