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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126712, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388919

RESUMEN

Aquaculture is increasing at the global scale, and beneficial reuse of wastewater is becoming crucial in some regions. Here we selected a unique tertiary treatment system for study over a one-year period. This experimental ecosystem-based approach to effluent management included a treated wastewater pond (TWP), which receives 100% effluent from a wastewater treatment plant, and an aquaculture pond (AP) that receives treated water from the TWP for fish production. We examined the fate of a wide range of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in this TWP-AP system and a control pond fed by river water using traditional grab sampling and passive samplers. We then employed probabilistic approaches to examine exposure hazards. Telmisartan, carbamazepine, diclofenac and venlafaxine, exceeded ecotoxicological predicted no effect concentrations in influent wastewater to the TWP, but these water quality hazards were consistently reduced following treatment in the TWP-AP system. In addition, both grab and passive sampling approaches resulted in similar occurrence patterns of studied compounds, which highlights the potential of POCIS use for water monitoring. Based on the approach taken here, the TWP-AP system appears useful as a tertiary treatment step to reduce PhACs and decrease ecotoxicological and antibiotic resistance water quality hazards prior to beneficial reuse in aquaculture.


Asunto(s)
Preparaciones Farmacéuticas , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Animales , Acuicultura , Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Estanques , Aguas Residuales/análisis , Agua , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/toxicidad
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149800, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525752

RESUMEN

Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing food producing industries globally, providing ~50% of fish for human consumption. However, the rapid growth of aquaculture presents a range of challenges including balancing environmental impact that can be influenced by variations in climatic conditions. Monitoring of physicochemical parameters is traditionally used to evaluate aquaculture output quality; however, this approach does not indicate the cumulative ecotoxicological effects on receiving waters. Specifically, this case study investigated the relationship between measuring traditional physicochemical parameters and the health of the alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata in order to evaluate the potential ecotoxicological effects of freshwater aquaculture on the receiving aquatic ecosystem in the Irish midlands. This constituted the first 2-year longitudinal study conducted in 2018 and 2019 that reports on the efficacy of using algae as a natural bioindicator to monitor and assess freshwater aquaculture wastewater from a traditional flow-through fish farm producing Eurasian Perch (Perca fluviatilis); monitoring was compared over a same six-month period in the same location each year. Findings demonstrated significant differences between the two monitoring periods when using P. subcapitata for assessing the quality of aquaculture intake (P = 0.030) and output (P = 0.039). No stimulatory effects were observed during 2019 unlike >50% rates experienced the previous year. These observations coincided with changes in climatic conditions whereby the 2018 period experienced extended levels of drought; whereas non-drought conditions were observed during 2019. Findings suggest that reliance upon traditional monitoring techniques may not provide sufficient robustness or versatility to address emerging issues, such as extremes in climate variance, which may influence the future intensive sustainability of freshwater aquaculture. This research supports the complementary use of P. subcapitata as a rapid and simple early-warning bioindicator for measuring aquaculture output quality on receiving aquatic ecosystems.


Asunto(s)
Microalgas , Percas , Animales , Acuicultura , Ecosistema , Biomarcadores Ambientales , Humanos , Irlanda , Estudios Longitudinales , Aguas Residuales
3.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118450, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740740

RESUMEN

Aquaculture ecosystem is a hot-spot for antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Rice-crayfish co-culture was considered an eco-friendly aquaculture model and has been widely adopted in China. However, it is unclear whether rice-crayfish co-culture is one of the most eco-friendly models from the perspective of antibiotic resistance profiles. In this study, we evaluated the eco-friendliness of rice-crayfish co-culture, and compared this model with other aquaculture models, from the perspectives of antibiotics and ARG patterns, based on multi-omics and antibiotic profiles. Results showed that the nutrient levels, antibiotic concentrations, dominant microbial genera and ARG patterns in the rice-crayfish co-culture model were profoundly different from the other three aquaculture models (crab only aquaculture model, crayfish only aquaculture model, and crab-crayfish co-culture models). Specifically, the rice-crayfish co-culture model has significantly lower diversity of ARGs and lower potential risks of ARGs when compared to the other aquaculture models. Nutrient and antibiotic concentrations were the important environmental factors for shaping ARG patterns, but compared with environmental factors, the effects of mobile genes and bacteria community on the proliferation and transmission of ARGs were stronger. This study has deepened our understanding of ARGs in freshwater aquaculture ecosystem, and suggested that rice-crayfish co-culture model is a relatively eco-friendly aquaculture model when compared with the other aquaculture models.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos , Oryza , Animales , Acuicultura , Astacoidea , Técnicas de Cocultivo , Ecosistema , Genes Bacterianos
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150498, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563908

RESUMEN

Sediment microbial communities play critical roles in the health of fish and the biogeochemical cycling of elements in aquaculture ecosystems. However, the response of microbial communities to temporal and spatial variations in interconnected aquaculture pond and ditch systems remains unclear. In this study, 61 sediment bacterial samples were collected over one year from 11 sites (including five ponds and six ditches) in a 30-year-old fish aquaculture farm. The 16S rRNA approach was used to determine the relative abundances of microbial communities in the sediment samples. The relationships among nutrients, heavy metals, and abundant microorganisms were analyzed. Our results showed that Proteobacteria, Bacteroides and Chloroflexi were the predominant phyla in the sediments of aquaculture pond, with average abundances of 36.33%, 18.60%, and 14.58%, respectively. The microbial diversity in aquaculture sediments was negatively correlated (P < 0.05) with the concentrations of total nitrogen and total phosphorus in sediments, indicating that the microbial diversity is highly associated with the remediation of nutrients in sediments. The sediment samples with high similarities were discovered by the t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE) method. The site-specific correlations between specific microorganisms and heavy metals were explored. The network analysis revealed that the microbial diversities in aquaculture ponds were more stable than that in aquaculture ditches. The network analysis also illustrated that the microbial genera with low relative abundances may become key groups of microbial communities in sediment ecosystems. Our work deepens the understanding of the relationships between microbial communities and the spatiotemporal characteristics of surface water and sediments in aquaculture farms.


Asunto(s)
Microbiota , Estanques , Animales , Acuicultura , Sedimentos Geológicos , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética
5.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132408, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597646

RESUMEN

Novel halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) have attracted much attention due to their environmental hazard and adverse effects on human health. In this study, a sensitive and simultaneous method for the determination of six novel HFRs was developed, including tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), tetrachlorobisphenolA, TBBPA bis(2-hydroxyethyl ether), TBBPA bis(allyl ether), TBBPA bis(2,3-dibromopropyl ether) and 2,4,6-tris(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)-1,3,5-triazine. ZIF-8 modified nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (ZIF-8@N-rGO) was synthesized and coated onto a syringe filter to prepare a thin film microextraction (TFME) device. The adsorption capacities of ZIF-8@N-rGO for novel HFRs ranged from 50.98 to 112.84 mg g-1, exhibiting good extraction efficiency through a combination of π-π, hydrophobic, and hydrogen bonding interactions. The TFME device was coupled to a high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection system to simultaneously determine target HFRs in crayfish-aquaculture water systems. Under the optimal extraction parameters, the linearities ranged from 0.1 to 100 ng mL-1. The method detection limits ranged from 0.030 to 0.14 ng mL-1 and relative recoveries ranged from 88.6 to 106.2%. We found that novel HFRs were detected in water and crayfish samples and were primarily distributed in the viscera and head shell of the crayfish. The bioconcentration factors ranged from 0.25 to 19.20 L kg-1, indicating non-bioaccumulation in the crayfish. This study provides valuable technology and information for potential health risks of exposure to novel HFRs from consuming crayfish.


Asunto(s)
Retardadores de Llama , Animales , Acuicultura , Astacoidea , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Retardadores de Llama/análisis , Grafito , Éteres Difenilos Halogenados/análisis , Humanos , Nitrógeno , Agua
6.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113852, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592671

RESUMEN

Woodchip bioreactors are being successfully applied to remove nitrate from commercial land-based recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) effluents. In order to understand and optimize the overall function of these bioreactors, knowledge on the microbial communities, especially on the microbes with potential for production or mitigation of harmful substances (e.g. hydrogen sulfide; H2S) is needed. In this study, we quantified and characterized bacterial and fungal communities, including potential H2S producers and consumers, using qPCR and high throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene. We took water samples from bioreactors and their inlet and outlet, and sampled biofilms growing on woodchips and on the outlet of the three full-scale woodchip bioreactors treating effluents of three individual RAS. We found that bioreactors hosted a high biomass of both bacteria and fungi. Although the composition of microbial communities of the inlet varied between the bioreactors, the conditions in the bioreactors selected for the same core microbial taxa. The H2S producing sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) were mainly found in the nitrate-limited outlets of the bioreactors, the main groups being deltaproteobacterial Desulfobulbus and Desulfovibrio. The abundance of H2S consuming sulfate oxidizing bacteria (SOB) was 5-10 times higher than that of SRB, and SOB communities were dominated by Arcobacter and other genera from phylum Epsilonbacteraeota, which are also capable of autotrophic denitrification. Indeed, the relative abundance of potential autotrophic denitrifiers of all denitrifier sequences was even 54% in outlet water samples and 56% in the outlet biofilm samples. Altogether, our results show that the highly abundant bacterial and fungal communities in woodchip bioreactors are shaped through the conditions prevailing within the bioreactor, indicating that the bioreactors with similar design and operational settings should provide similar function even when conditions in the preceding RAS would differ. Furthermore, autotrophic denitrifiers can have a significant role in woodchip biofilters, consuming potentially produced H2S and removing nitrate, lengthening the operational age and thus further improving the overall environmental benefit of these bioreactors.


Asunto(s)
Desnitrificación , Microbiota , Acuicultura , Reactores Biológicos , Nitratos , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética
7.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113865, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597951

RESUMEN

Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) has attracted widespread attention because of its ability to absorb, enrich, and degrade typical endocrine-disrupting antibiotics (such as levofloxacin) in aquaculture wastewater. However, microplastic pollution in wastewater, which is becoming an increasingly severe problem, will exert a toxic effect on aquatic organisms (such as C. vulgaris and other microalgae). Polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs), which are commonly found in freshwater aquaculture wastewater, are the most harmful. Therefore, clarifying the effects of PS-MPs on the ability of C. vulgaris to degrade typical endocrine-disrupting antibiotics in freshwater aquaculture wastewater and determining the mechanism of the effect are particularly important. The results of this study showed that under the stress of PS-MPs, the growth of C. vulgaris was significantly inhibited; the EPS-polysaccharide content per algal cell, EPS adsorption, intracellular enrichment and degradation of levofloxacin, total CYP450 content, and total CYP450 activity all decreased; and the relative expression of key genes related to the metabolic activity of algal cells, such as psbA, psaB, and rbcL, was generally downregulated. PS-MPs mainly affected the removal of a typical endocrine-disrupting antibiotic by C. vulgaris by altering adsorption, enrichment, and enzyme degradation. The results provide a reference for research on the impact of microplastic pollution on the treatment of freshwater aquaculture wastewater.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Acuicultura , Agua Dulce , Levofloxacino , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Poliestirenos , Aguas Residuales , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
8.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126708, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352521

RESUMEN

The level and distribution of 16 USEPA Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in aquaculture farmed fish (Mugil cephalus and Oreochromis mossambicus) and shellfish (Corbicula fluminea Formosa and Meretrix lusoria) were determined in Taiwan and then assessed cancer and non-cancer risks for those consuming these kinds of seafood. Results indicated that C. fluminea Formosa accumulated the highest average concentration of total PAHs (43.0 ± 11.3 ng/g wet weight) while M. lusoria contained the lowest concentration (20.0 ± 5.8 ng/g) among all species. The low-molecular-weight PAHs were dominant for both fish and shellfish, which consistent with other studies. Notably, parts of high-molecular-weight PAHs were found in shellfish whereas that was little in fish. The calculated hazard quotients (HQ) of all PAHs were smaller than 1 and the incremental lifetime cancer risks (ILCR) for Benzo[a]pyrene were below 1 × 10-5, suggesting that PAHs in the collected seafood could pose a low hazard to residents. Although the results indicated that the studied seafood is safe for human consumption, children and seniors post relatively higher risks, suggesting that it needs to continue monitoring and control the PAHs concentration in seafood and the associated environments.


Asunto(s)
Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Animales , Acuicultura , Niño , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Contaminación de Alimentos/análisis , Humanos , Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análisis , Estanques , Medición de Riesgo , Alimentos Marinos/análisis , Taiwán
9.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1354: 237-261, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807445

RESUMEN

Aquatic animals have particularly high requirements for dietary amino acids (AAs) for health, survival, growth, development, and reproduction. These nutrients are usually provided from ingested proteins and may also be derived from supplemental crystalline AA. AAs are the building blocks of protein (a major component of tissue growth) and, therefore, are the determinants of the growth performance and feed efficiency of farmed fish. Because protein is generally the most expensive ingredient in aqua feeds, much attention has been directed to ensure that dietary protein feedstuff is of high quality and cost-effective for feeding fish, crustaceans, and other aquatic animals worldwide. Due to the rapid development of aquaculture worldwide and a limited source of fishmeal (the traditionally sole or primary source of AAs for aquatic animals), alternative protein sources must be identified to feed aquatic animals. Plant-sourced feedstuffs for aquatic animals include soybean meal, extruded soybean meal, fermented soybean meal, soybean protein concentrates, soybean protein isolates, leaf meal, hydrolyzed plant protein, wheat, wheat hydrolyzed protein, canola meal, cottonseed meal, peanut meal, sunflower meal, peas, rice, dried brewers grains, and dried distillers grains. Animal-sourced feedstuffs include fishmeal, fish paste, bone meal, meat and bone meal, poultry by-product meal, chicken by-product meal, chicken visceral digest, spray-dried poultry plasma, spray-dried egg product, hydrolyzed feather meal, intestine-mucosa product, peptones, blood meal (bovine or poultry), whey powder with high protein content, cheese powder, and insect meal. Microbial sources of protein feedstuffs include yeast protein and single-cell microbial protein (e.g., algae); they have more balanced AA profiles than most plant proteins for animal feeding. Animal-sourced ingredients can be used as a single source of dietary protein or in complementary combinations with plant and microbial sources of proteins. All protein feedstuffs must adequately provide functional AAs for aquatic animals.


Asunto(s)
Aminoácidos , Proteínas en la Dieta , Alimentación Animal/análisis , Animales , Acuicultura , Bovinos , Pollos , Dieta
10.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 147: 13-23, 2021 Nov 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734570

RESUMEN

Perkinsus sp. protozoans are parasites of a wide variety of molluscs around the world and are responsible for episodes of mass mortalities and large economic losses for aquaculture industries and fisheries. The first step towards the management of infectious episodes is the reliable detection of Perkinsus species. While historic methods for diagnosis of Perkinsus sp. infections in mollusc hosts include histological, in vitro, molecular-genetic, and immunoassays, antibody-based diagnostic assays may prove most practical with development of improved reagents and techniques. This paper reviews historic developments of antibodies against Perkinsus species, and of diagnostic immunoassays. Thirteen research papers reported the development of antibodies against Perkinsus sp. or their extracellular products, mainly P. olseni and P. marinus. Nine of those tested the cross-reactivity of their antibodies against different life stages or species than the one used as immunogen. While all antibodies raised against trophozoites labelled hypnospores, several antibodies raised against hypnospores did not label trophozoites, suggesting antigenic differences between those cell types. Antibody specificity studies showed that there is antigenic heterogeneity between Perkinsus species and Perkinsus-like organisms, and also that common epitopes occur among Perkinsus species, as well as some dinoflagellates. This review summarizes the current knowledge and aims at helping the future development of Perkinsus species-specific antibodies and immunoassays.


Asunto(s)
Apicomplexa , Bivalvos , Dinoflagelados , Animales , Acuicultura , Inmunoensayo/veterinaria , Moluscos
11.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118152, 2021 Dec 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740287

RESUMEN

The operation of the equipment in industrial recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) affects the underwater soundscape of aquaculture tanks where fishes live. This study evaluated the influence of commercial industrial RAS noise on the growth, physiology, and behavior of juvenile largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). In this study, two experimental groups, the RAS noise group (115 dB re 1 µPa RMS) and the ambient group (69 dB re 1 µPa RMS), were studied. The water quality and feeding regime for each group were kept the same during the 60-day experiment. Results showed that there was no significant difference in the average daily feed intake of the fish between the two treatments, while the rate of weight gain of the ambient group (755.27 ± 65.62%) was significantly higher than that of the noise group (337.66 ± 88.01%). In addition, the RAS environmental noise also had an adverse effect on the anti-oxidation and immune systems of the fish based on results of analysis of blood, liver, and intestinal samples. Moreover, environmental noise affected the swimming behavior of the fish school. The mean angle and distance between the focal fish and its nearest neighbor fish in RAS noise group were 33.3° and 92.1 mm, respectively, which were larger than those of the ambient group with 24.4° and 89.5 mm, respectively. From the above results, RAS noise did influence the welfare of largemouth bass, and the soundscape in RAS hence should be managed in real production.


Asunto(s)
Lubina , Animales , Acuicultura , Intestinos , Hígado/metabolismo , Oxidación-Reducción
12.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(12): 774, 2021 Nov 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741217

RESUMEN

This research explored the long-term relationships of climate parameters and coastal water quality nearby shrimp farms in two countries. In Thailand, two sampling points in canals located in Bangkok and Trang provinces were selected as the urban and tourism areas, respectively. In northern Vietnam, the canals located in Thai Binh and Quang Ninh provinces were used as the urban and tourism areas, respectively. The diurnal monitoring of water quality and weather was performed at each site to evaluate the relationships between climate and water quality, pollution load, and risk analysis. A questionnaire was also used to assess the climate and water exposure, vulnerability, and adaptability of each site. All data were ranked on a scale of 1 to 5 to integrate each factor. It was determined that the main water quality problem was fecal pollution. Notably, aquaculture farming in northern Vietnam is more vulnerable than in Thailand; however, Vietnam farmers were adaptable for climate variability.


Asunto(s)
Turismo , Calidad del Agua , Acuicultura , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Tailandia , Vietnam
13.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(suppl 3): e20190999, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730735

RESUMEN

Ovalipes trimaculatus is a highly valued fisheries resource with high potential for aquaculture production. Still, there is need for experimental information to sustain efficient husbandry practices. In this work we analyze the combined effects of different thermo-haline conditions on the length of development and survival of embryos (6, 10, 13, 15, 18, 22, 24 °C x 30, 33 ‰; 13 °C x 26, 30, 33, 37 ‰) and zoeae I (13, 18, 22 °C x 30, 33 ‰; 13 °C x 26, 30, 33, 37 ‰) from individuals sampled in the Atlantic coast of Patagonian. Among the most relevant results, it was found that the mean length of embryogenesis decreased from 63 to 19 days with increasing temperatures, but was not affected by seawater salinity. Mean embryonic survival was significantly lower at the combination of the highest temperature and salinity tested. Also, it differed between salinity conditions. Both at 30 and 33‰, the length of the Zoea I stage significantly varied between thermal treatments, being significantly longer at 13°C. No zoeae I reared at 13 °C survived at 37‰ and mean survival at 26‰ halved that of 30-33‰. Results obtained reduce aquaculture production costs.


Asunto(s)
Braquiuros , Salinidad , Temperatura , Animales , Acuicultura , Embrión no Mamífero
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770083

RESUMEN

The composition and stability of microbial communities in aquaculture water are crucial for the healthy growth of shrimp and present considerable risk to aquatic ecosystems. The modified clay (MC) method has been proposed as an efficient and safe solution for the mitigation of harmful algal blooms (HABs). Currently, the effects of MC on microbial communities in aquaculture water remain unknown. Here, we adopted the MC method to regulate shrimp-culture water quality and evaluated the effects of MC on the composition and stability of phytoplankton together with bacteria communities through high-throughput sequencing. On the one hand, a prominent change in the composition of microbial community was observed, with green algae becoming the most abundant genera and pathogens being infrequent in the MC-treated pond, which was more conducive to the growth of shrimp than that in the control pond. Moreover, MC could increase the diversity and stability of the microbial community structure in the water column, which had a higher anti-interference ability, as demonstrated by the analysis of the diversity and molecular ecological network. Taken together, MC could reduce the possibility for the occurrence of HABs and maintain a stable microbial community, which is beneficial for the health and high yield of shrimp.


Asunto(s)
Microbiota , Estanques , Acuicultura , Bacterias , Arcilla , Fitoplancton
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779757

RESUMEN

Two novel bacterial strains, designated as DN00404T and DN04309T, were isolated from aquaculture water and characterized by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells of strains DN00404T and DN04309T were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, oxidase-positive and catalase-positive. Cells of DN00404T were short rod-shaped and those of DN04309T were long rod-shaped. Strain DN00404T was found to grow at 15-37 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), at pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 7.5) and in 0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1.0 %). Strain DN04309T was found to grow at 15-45 °C (optimum, 20-37 °C), at pH 5.5-11.0 (optimum, 7.5) and in 0-4.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.5 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene and genome sequences revealed that the two strains belonged to the genus Sphingobacterium and were distinct from all known species of this genus. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between the two strains and between each of the two strains and related type strains of this genus were well below the recognized thresholds of 95.0-96.0 % ANI and 70.0 % dDDH for species delineation. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains DN00404T and DN04309T were 41.6 and 36.0 mol%, respectively. The respiratory quinone in both strains was identified as MK-7, and their major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c), which were similar to those of other species of this genus. The two major fatty acids C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH were also found in strain DN00404T. Based on genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, two novel species of the genus Sphingobacterium are proposed: Sphingobacterium micropteri sp. nov. with DN00404T (=GDMCC 1.1865T=KACC 21924T) as the type strain and Sphingobacterium litopenaei sp. nov. with DN04309T (=GDMCC 1.1984T=KCTC 82348T) as the type strain.


Asunto(s)
Sphingobacterium , Acuicultura , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Grasos/química , Fosfolípidos , Filogenia , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Sphingobacterium/genética , Agua
16.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 146: 117-128, 2021 Oct 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617517

RESUMEN

Quorum sensing (QS) is a type of cell to cell communication in bacteria that can also regulate the virulence potential in pathogenic strains. Hence, QS disruption, i.e. the quorum quenching (QQ) mechanism, is presently being explored as a novel bio-control strategy to counter bacterial infections. In the present study, we characterized the QQ ability of Bacillus spp. strains to reduce the expression of some virulence factors of a shrimp pathogen, Vibrio harveyi. We screened a total of 118 spore-forming bacterial isolates from aquaculture ponds and mangrove soil for their ability to degrade the synthetic N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) C4-HSL, C6-HSL, C8-HSL, and C10-HSL. We then selected the top 17 isolates with high AHL-degradation ability for further study. Among them, B. subtilis MFB10, B. lentus MFB2, and B. firmus MFB7 had the highest ability for degradation. These 3 isolates suppressed the expression of virulence genes encoding protease, lipase, phospholipase, caseinase, chitinase, and gelatinase, and potentially inhibited the biofilm formation of V. harveyi MFB32. The reduction in expression of virulence genes like those coding for metalloprotease, serine protease, and haemolysin were confirmed by real-time PCR analysis. Moreover, in an in vivo challenge experiment, these Bacillus spp. protected Penaeus monodon post-larvae against V. harveyi MFB3 infection. Our results demonstrate the potential application of AHL-degrading Bacillus spp. as an alternative to antibiotics in shrimp hatcheries to control luminescent vibriosis. This novel bio-therapeutic method is a promising approach towards disease control in shrimp aquaculture.


Asunto(s)
Bacillus , Vibriosis , Animales , Acuicultura , Percepción de Quorum , Vibrio , Vibriosis/veterinaria
17.
F1000Res ; 10: 378, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621506

RESUMEN

Background Aquaculture systems for giant gourami, Osphronemus goramy Lacepède (1801), have significantly improved fish production yields and food security in Indonesia. However, these systems also cause serious problems in terms of eutrophication in waterbodies. This study analysed the nutrient loading and farm characteristics of giant gourami in floating cages in Lake Maninjau. Method A total of 20 floating cages were used to record these nutrients in feed supply, female and male juvenile fish, dead fish and harvested fish to estimate nutrient loading. Data on the harvested fish, production cycle, stock number and cage capacity were used to estimate the stocking density, feeding rate, feed efficiency, and net fish yield, and the relationship between feed supply and nutrient loading and farm characteristics was analysed by least squares regression methods. Results A total of 20 floating cages released nutrients into waterbodies at an average rate of 236.27±60.44 kg/cycle for C, 84.52±20.86 kg/cycle for N and 8.70±3.63 kg/cycle for P. On average, fish production for each floating cage (±SD) was 1226±282 kg wet weight/cycle, and the net fish yield was 12.63±2.82 kg/m 3/cycle. Survival rates ranged from 86.33 to 95.27%/cycle. The production cycles varied from 160 to 175 days with feed conversion ratios between 1.60 and 1.75, feed conversion efficiencies were between 0.58 and 0.63. The production parameters that had strong relationships with the net fish yield were feed supply ( r 2=0.960), stocking rates ( r 2=0.924) and feeding rates ( r 2=0.961). In contrast, the length of the production cycle was not strongly related to the net fish yield ( r 2=0.187). Conclusion Nutrient loading from the supplied feed was greater than that from the harvested fish, juvenile fish and dead fish. Increasing the net fish yield in floating cages was better predicted by the stocking densities and feeding levels than by the other factors.


Asunto(s)
Acuicultura , Lagos , Animales , Femenino , Peces , Indonesia , Masculino , Nutrientes
18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 752477, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660349

RESUMEN

The prevalence of bacterial diseases and the application of probiotics to prevent them is a common practice in shrimp aquaculture. A wide range of bacterial species/strains is utilized in probiotic formulations, with proven beneficial effects. However, knowledge of their role in inhibiting the growth of a specific pathogen is restricted. In this study, we employed constraint-based genome-scale metabolic modeling approach to screen and identify the beneficial bacteria capable of limiting the growth of V. harveyi, a common pathogen in shrimp culture. Genome-scale models were built for 194 species (including strains from the genera Bacillus, Lactobacillus, and Lactococcus and the pathogenic strain V. harveyi) to explore the metabolic potential of these strains under different nutrient conditions in a consortium. In silico-based phenotypic analysis on 193 paired models predicted six candidate strains with growth enhancement and pathogen suppression. Growth simulations reveal that mannitol and glucoronate environments mediate parasitic interactions in a pairwise community. Furthermore, in a mannitol environment, the shortlisted six strains were purely metabolite consumers without donating metabolites to V. harveyi. The production of acetate by the screened species in a paired community suggests the natural metabolic end product's role in limiting pathogen survival. Our study employing in silico approach successfully predicted three novel candidate strains for probiotic applications, namely, Bacillus sp 1 (identified as B. licheniformis in this study), Bacillus weihaiensis Alg07, and Lactobacillus lindneri TMW 1.1993. The study is the first to apply genomic-scale metabolic models for aquaculture applications to detect bacterial species limiting Vibrio harveyi growth.


Asunto(s)
Penaeidae , Probióticos , Vibrio , Animales , Acuicultura , Bacillus , Simulación por Computador , Lactobacillus , Vibrio/genética
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 227: 112858, 2021 Dec 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653940

RESUMEN

Hundreds of tons of antibiotics are widely used in aquaculture to prevent microbial infections and promote fish growth. However, the overuse of antibiotics and chemical products can lead to the selection and spreading of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs), which are of great concern considering the threat to public health worldwide. Here, in-depth metagenome sequencing was performed to explore the environmental resistome and ARB distribution across farming stages in shrimp farms and examine anthropogenic effects in nearby coastal waters. A genome-centric analysis using a metagenome binning approach allowed us to accurately investigate the distribution of pathogens and ARG hosts in shrimp farms. The diversity of resistomes was higher in shrimp farms than in coastal waters, and the distribution of resistomes was dependent on the farming stage. In particular, the tetracycline resistance gene was found mainly at the early post-larval stage regardless of the farm. The metagenome-assembled genomes of Vibrio spp. were dominant at this stage and harbored tet34, which is known to confer resistance to oxytetracycline. In addition, opportunistic pathogens such as Francisella, Mycoplasma, Photobacterium, and Vibrio were found in abundance in shrimp farms, which had multiple virulence factors. This study highlights the increased resistance diversity and environmental selection of pathogens in shrimp farms. The use of environmental pollutants on farms may cause an increase in resistome diversity/abundance and the transmission of pathogens to the surrounding environment, which may pose future risks to public health and aquatic organisms.


Asunto(s)
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Inhibidores de la Enzima Convertidora de Angiotensina , Animales , Antibacterianos , Acuicultura , Granjas , Genes Bacterianos , República de Corea
20.
Vet Res ; 52(1): 131, 2021 Oct 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649601

RESUMEN

Piscine orthoreovirus-1 (PRV-1) is the causative agent of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). However, it has been shown that PRV-1 variants differ in their ability to induce HSMI. The objective of this work was to identify the PRV-1 variants in Norwegian aquaculture and their geographical distribution. Sequencing and subsequent analysis of the five genomic segments (S1, S4, M2, L1 and L2) putatively linked to virulence, made out the basis of the study. Thirty-seven Norwegian PRV-1 isolates were sequenced, and they grouped into eight genogroups based on combinations of the five analyzed genomic segments. Two groups were defined as high-virulent and two low-virulent, based on comparison with PRV-1 reference isolates with known virulence. The remaining four groups were of unknown virulence. The geographic distribution indicated a higher frequency of the high-virulent isolates in the mid- and northern regions. The present study confirms circulation of both high- and low-virulent isolates of PRV-1 in farmed Atlantic salmon in Norway. To reduce the impact of PRV-1 related disease, detection and differentiation between high- and low-virulent genogroups of PRV-1 could be a targeted approach for reduction of high-virulent variants.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de los Peces/virología , Genotipo , Orthoreovirus/genética , Orthoreovirus/patogenicidad , Infecciones por Reoviridae/veterinaria , Salmo salar , Animales , Acuicultura , Noruega , Orthoreovirus/clasificación , Infecciones por Reoviridae/virología , Virulencia/genética
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