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Urol Clin North Am ; 48(2): 269-277, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795061


Although physicians enjoy extensive educational backgrounds, financial planning typically is not a significant component of the curricula they have completed. As a result, many physicians could benefit from greater financial acumen, and their preparation for retirement might be lacking in light of their relatively high-income levels. This article by a private wealth advisor with 29 years of industry experience provides physicians with the basic building blocks to understand and manage their finances. It focuses on 3 pillars of financial planning: (1) protecting themselves, their families, and their assets; (2) reducing their taxes; and (3) growing their wealth.

Administración Financiera/organización & administración , Administración de la Práctica Médica/economía , Urólogos/economía , Financiación Personal/economía , Humanos , Seguro de Vida/economía , Pensiones , Jubilación/economía , Impuestos/economía , Testamentos/economía
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 1010-1016, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645107


The pharmacokinetics of traditional Chinese medicine is a subject that studies the dynamic changes of the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of complex components of traditional Chinese medicine, which is an important method for elucidating the pharmacodynamic material basis, action characteristics, and compatibility mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicine. However, given on the fact that traditional Chinese medicine is a multi-dimensional and complex system with multiple components, multiple pathways, multiple targets, and an unclear pharmacodynamic material basis, the research on the pharmacokinetics of traditio-nal Chinese medicine has become a scientific and technological problem. Although the pharmacokinetics of traditional Chinese medicine has achieved remarkable development with the emergence of new theories, methods and technologies, there are still some problems in the application of the research direction of the pharmacokinetics of traditional Chinese medicine judging from the current application of the National Natural Science Foundation of China. Therefore, this article discussed the current research status on pharmacokinetics of traditional Chinese medicines by analyzing the projects funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China in the past 5 years from 2016 to 2020, mainly including the application and funding analysis, main research contents of the projects in pharmacokinetics of traditional Chinese medicines. And the research hotspots, difficulties and deficiencies were focused in order to provide certain reference for researchers engaged in pharmacokinetics of traditional Chinese medicine.

Administración Financiera , Disciplinas de las Ciencias Naturales , China , Fundaciones , Medicina China Tradicional
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466621


Lead poisoning is a preventable condition that continues to affect thousands of children each year. Given that local governments and municipalities are eligible to apply for federal funds to perform lead remediation in low-income family homes, we sought to understand how lead poisoning knowledge levels may affect the uptake of these funds. We recruited and conducted 28 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with community members from Lancaster County in the state of Pennsylvania in the USA. We audio-recorded and transcribed each interview, and analyzed each transcript for salient themes. The interviewed participants displayed a varying degree of knowledge about lead and lead poisoning. Most of the participants were unaware of the lead paint remediation funds. Participants learned about lead from various sources, such as social media, and personal experiences with lead poisoning appeared to enhance knowledge. Some participants assumed lead poisoning prevention would be addressed by other stakeholders if necessary, including healthcare professionals and landlords. The results of this study suggest that in order to increase the timely uptake of the remediation funds, community-based organizations should design interventions that aim to increase awareness and knowledge about lead poisoning and lead poisoning prevention. These interventions should be tailored for different audiences including community members, healthcare professionals, and landlords.

Administración Financiera , Intoxicación por Plomo , Niño , Ciudades , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales , Humanos , Plomo , Intoxicación por Plomo/prevención & control , Pintura , Pennsylvania
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 11, 2021. 21 p. ilus, graf.
No convencional en Español | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1147067


El presente documento normativo tiene el propósito de exponer la conformación organizativa de la Unidad Financiera Institucional y las áreas que la componen, se define la dependencia jerárquica del Titular y su dependencia funcional de la Gerencia General

The present normative document has the purpose of exposing the organizational structure of the Institutional Financial Unit and the areas that compose it, it defines the hierarchical dependence of the Holder and its functional dependence of the General Management

Administración Financiera , Manuales como Asunto
Am J Surg ; 221(1): 65-71, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680622


BACKGROUND: With increased attention on the federal budget deficit, graduate medical education (GME) funding has in particular been targeted as a potential source of cost reduction. Reduced GME funding can further deteriorate the compensation of physicians during their residency training. METHODS: In order to understand the GME funding mechanisms and current challenges, as well as the value of the work accomplished by residents, we searched peer-reviewed, English language studies published between 2000 and 2019. RESULTS: Direct and indirect GME funding is intended to support resident reimbursement and the higher costs associated with supporting a teaching program. However, policy efforts have aimed to reduce federal funding for GME. Furthermore, evidence suggests that residents are inadequately compensated because their salaries do not reflect the number of hours worked and are not comparable to those of other medical staff. CONCLUSIONS: Our review suggests that creative solutions are needed to diversify GME funding and improve resident compensation.

Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/economía , Administración Financiera/métodos , Administración Financiera/organización & administración , Cirugía General/educación , Internado y Residencia/economía , Estados Unidos
Rev. Saúde Pública Paraná (Online) ; 3(supl. 1): 276-287, dez. 11, 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SESA-PR | ID: biblio-1151359


Os serviços de saúde estão vivenciando um novo cenário devido à pandemia ocasionada por um novo subtipo da Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave (SARS-CoV-2), denominado de Covid-19. Com isso, se fez necessário ações voltadas para um cuidado especializado à população. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever a experiência de gestão de um hospital privado do litoral Paranaense. O método utilizado foi o relato de experiência no período de seis meses, relatando o fluxo desenvolvido para atendimento aos pacientes suspeitos ou confirmados de Covid-19 durante a pandemia e a descrição das ações de enfrentamento adotadas pela instituição. Concluiu-se que foi evidenciada a atuação de áreas estratégicas como a Gestão de pessoas e Financeira. Houve a necessidade de contratação de profissionais e remanejamentos para a atuação in loco e o monitoramento diário dos custos visto esta imprevisibilidade, bem como a antecipação dos processos para a continuação e validação do plano de contingência. (AU)

Health services are experiencing a new scenario due to the pan-demic caused by a new subtype of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS--CoV-2), called Covid-19. With this, actions directed to a specialized care of the population were necessary. The objective of this study is to describe the management experience of a private hospital on the coast of Paraná. The method used was the report of experience in the period of six months, reporting the flow developed to care for patients suspected or confirmed of Covid-19 during the pandemic and the description of the actions of confrontation adopted by the institution. It was concluded that the performance of strategic areas such as Personnel and Financial Management was evidenced. There was the need to hire professionals and relocations for the performance in loco and the daily monitoring of costs given this unpredictability, as well as the anticipation of processes for the continuation and validation of the contingency plan. (AU)

Administración de Personal , Hospitales Privados , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Monitoreo , Administración Financiera , Servicios de Salud , Costos y Análisis de Costo
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244444, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370406


Efficiency analysis of the Partner Organizations can benefit all the microfinance sector's key stakeholders to benchmark the current scene and formulate optimal policy agenda. This study seeks to measure the partner organizations of the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund's social and financial efficiency and to identify causes and sources of their inefficiencies. A non-parametric technique known as Data Envelopment Analysis is applied to investigate the Partner Organizations' efficiency throughout 2005-2015. The required data was obtained from the database of the Mix-Market and Pakistan Microfinance Network. The social and financial efficiency was estimated assuming Constant Return to Scale, Variable Return to Scale, and with respect to the Operational Scale of the Partner Organizations. Results revealed that the partner organizations are more scale efficient (median = 75%) than pure technically efficient (median = 55%). Further, graphical representations show a decreasing linear trend and negative serial correlation in the percentage of efficient partner organizations. The model fit results show that institutional characteristics that influence partner organizations' efficiencies significantly include their age, Operational Self-Sufficiency, personnel, loan officers, assets and debt. Finally, the diagnostic tests for endogeneity, heteroskedasticity, heterogeneity, and cross-sectional dependence were performed.

Países en Desarrollo/economía , Eficiencia Organizacional , Administración Financiera/organización & administración , Pobreza/prevención & control , Administración Financiera/economía , Humanos , Modelos Organizacionales , Pakistán , Políticas , Pobreza/economía
Textos contextos (Porto Alegre) ; 19(2): 39326, 23 dez. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151742


Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a execução orçamentária dos recursos do fundo público destinados especificamente para ações de combate à COVID--19, no âmbito do estado de calamidade pública que o Brasil vivencia, problematizando com a política de austeridade fiscal, em particular, os efeitos da Emenda Constitucional 95 nos gastos públicos. Para tanto, realizou-se um levantamento da execução orçamentária no sistema SIGA Brasil do Senado Fe-deral e nos dados orçamentários disponibilizados no Painel Covid pelo Instituto Fiscal Independente (IFI). Os resultados da análise demonstram que as políticas de austeridade vêm ocasionando um efeito devastador nos gastos públicos brasileiro, implodindo a estrutura de recursos vinculados às políticas sociais definida na Constituição Federal de 1988. A execução das ações orçamentárias referentes ao novo coronavírus estão aquém do necessário, sobretudo, na política de saúde pública. O fundo público que o prioriza o pagamento de juros da dívida pública tem se mostrado insuficiente para fazer frente aos desafios e efeitos do agravamento das desigualdades sociais, do desemprego e fome que assola o país em tempos de pandemia no Brasil.

This article aims to analyze the budgetary execution of public funds resources specifically destined for actions to combat Covid-19, within the scope of the state of public calamity that Brazil is experiencing, problematizing the policy of fiscal austerity, in particular, the effects EC 95 in public spending. To this end, it carried out a survey of budgetary execution in the SIGA Brasil system of the Federal Senate and budgetary data made available on the Covid Panel by the Independent Fiscal Institute. The results of the analysis demonstrate that auste-rity policies have been causing a devastating effect on Brazilian social spending, imploding the structure of resources linked to social policies defined in the 1988 Constitution. The execution of budgetary actions related to the new corona virus is below what is necessary, especially in public health policy. The public fund that prioritizes the payment of interest on public debt has proved insufficient to face the challenges and effects of the worsening social inequalities, unemployment and hunger that plagues the country in times of pandemic in Brazil

Política Pública , Pandemias , Administración Financiera , Factores Socioeconómicos , Brasil , Economía
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 54(6): 1747-1759, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143902


Resumo O presente artigo expõe as divergências entre as metodologias adotadas pelos Tribunais de Contas e as apresentadas no Manual de Demonstrativos Fiscais (MDF), elaborado pela Secretaria do Tesouro Nacional (STN), para o cálculo das despesas com pessoal, segundo a Lei Complementar no 101, de 4 de maio de 2000, ou Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal (LRF). Avalia-se, portanto, como as divergências metodológicas influenciam no cumprimento dos limites das despesas com pessoal dos próprios Tribunais de Contas, a partir dos Relatórios de Gestão Fiscal (RGFs) referentes aos terceiros quadrimestres dos anos de 2016 a 2018, comparando com o disposto no MDF e com as informações inseridas no Sistema de Informações Contábeis e Fiscais do Setor Público Brasileiro (Siconfi). Demonstrar-se-á que alguns Tribunais de Contas ultrapassariam os limites de despesa com pessoal se fosse adotada a metodologia do MDF, o que indica a necessidade de convergência de regras para evitar que a contabilidade criativa de alguns órgãos de controle externo contribua para o desequilíbrio fiscal do ente federativo.

Resumen El presente artículo expone las divergencias metodológicas entre las Cortes de Cuentas de los entes subnacionales brasileños y la Secretaría del Tesoro Nacional, del Ministerio de Economía, acerca de los gastos presupuestarios con funcionarios públicos, según la Ley de Responsabilidad Fiscal. Presenta cómo las divergencias metodológicas permiten que las Cortes de Cuentas cumplan sus límites de gastos con sus funcionarios, a partir de demostrativos fiscales de 2016 a 2018, comparándolos con la metodología del Manual para Demostrativos Fiscales publicado por el Ministerio de Economía. Se propone demostrar que las Cortes de Cuentas excederían los límites de gastos con empleados si fueran aplicados los patrones del gobierno central, lo que indica la necesidad de convergencia para evitar que la contabilidad creativa de algunas Cortes contribuya al desequilibrio fiscal subnacional.

Abstract This article describes how Brazilian Courts of Accounts at the subnational level diverge with the National Secretariat of Treasury of the Ministry of Economy, on how to measure the personnel expenditure cap, a rule according to the Fiscal Responsibility Law of 2001. Since the Courts of Accounts can decide how to measure the personnel expenditure rule in their jurisdictions, the article describes how those decisions, presented in the Fiscal Management Report from 2016 to 2018, diverge with the federal standards described in the Manual of Fiscal Reports (MDF) and compiled in the System of Public Sector Fiscal and Accounting Information (Siconfi). It concludes that some Courts of Accounts would exceed the personnel expenditure cap if they adopted the federal standards described by the central government, which indicates the existence of fiscal accountability practices with a contagious effect upon subnational entities under its jurisdiction, increasing the risks of fiscal imbalances in the federation.

Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Recursos Humanos/organización & administración , Administración Financiera/normas , Gastos Públicos , Rendición de Cuentas Financieras , Contabilidad
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338348


The article presents the results of implementation of per capita payment with elements of fund-holding in the Russian regions. The objective of study was to develop proposals improving implementation of per capita payment for medical care with elements of fund-holding to decrease risks of its implementation in the regions of the Russian Federation. The definition of the concept of fund-holding is given. The obstacles for implementation of per capita payment with elements of fund-holding in the regions of the Russian Federation are considered. The suggestions are proposed for choosing areas for improving normative legal base regulating payment of medical care at the expense of compulsory medical insurance funds in the Russian Federation.

Administración Financiera , Federación de Rusia
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239652, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006975


In this paper, we propose six Student's t based compound distributions where the scale parameter is randomized using functional forms of the half normal, Fréchet, Lomax, Burr III, inverse gamma and generalized gamma distributions. For each of the proposed distribution, we give expressions for the probability density function, cumulative distribution function, moments and characteristic function. GARCH models with innovations taken to follow the compound distributions are fitted to the data using the method of maximum likelihood. For the sample data considered, we see that all but two of the proposed distributions perform better than two popular distributions. Finally, we perform a simulation study to examine the accuracy of the best performing model.

Administración Financiera/estadística & datos numéricos , Modelos Económicos , Simulación por Computador , Humanos , Inversiones en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Funciones de Verosimilitud , Modelos Estadísticos , Distribuciones Estadísticas
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0238731, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119706


Our goal in this paper is to study and characterize the interdependency structure of the Mexican Stock Exchange (mainly stocks from Bolsa Mexicana de Valores) for the period 2000-2019 which provide a one shot big-picture panorama. To this end, we estimate correlation/concentration matrices from different models and then compute centralities and modularity from network theory.

Inversiones en Salud , Modelos Económicos , Algoritmos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Administración Financiera/estadística & datos numéricos , Industrias/economía , Inversiones en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Cadenas de Markov , México , Modelos Estadísticos , Distribución Normal , Factores de Tiempo
Official Document;360ODD360.
Monografía en Inglés | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52810


During 2019, PAHO exercised its leadership and role as a catalyst to improve the health and well‐being of the peoples of the Americas, in collaboration with Member States and partners. The Organization continued to provide direct technical cooperation with an integrated and multisectoral approach, mobilize resources, strengthen partnerships and networks, build capacity, generate and provide evidence, and serve as an advocate for achieving the targets set in the PAHO Strategic Plan 2014‐2019 during its final year of implementation. Important progress was made toward fulfilling the commitments in the Sustainable Health Agenda for the Americas 2018‐2030 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Financiación de la Atención de la Salud , Administración en Salud , Administración Financiera , Capacidad de Liderazgo y Gobernanza , Planificación Estratégica , Cooperación Técnica , Organización Panamericana de la Salud , Organización y Administración