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1.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1522-1534, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843740

RESUMEN

During sediment remediation, adsorbent addition is an effective technology for the removal of contaminants but the cost is often high. In this study, a low-cost adsorbent, ceramsite, made from contaminated riverbed sediment was synthesized. The Fe-modified ceramsite (FMC) was used as adsorbent to remove arsenate from aqueous solutions and reduce the inorganic arsenic release from contaminated sediments. Kinetic studies showed that chemisorption mainly governed the adsorption process while batch studies yielded the theoretical adsorption capacity for arsenate of 10.63 mg/g at pH = 7 condition. Co-existing anions and pH have no significant impact on the adsorption process. In the regeneration studies, 91, 86, and 80% of the adsorption capacity were recovered in 3 cycles. In-situ remediation trials revealed that the addition of the adsorbent to sediment surface significantly reduced the release of inorganic arsenic into aqueous system, with a reduction efficiency of 86%. Furthermore, the species of the arsenic in the surface layer was significantly inactivated from an active state to a stable state. These findings highlight the application of the FMC as a facile and cost-effective adsorbent for containment of arsenic in solutions and sediments, demonstrating that they are highly applicable for practical cases.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Purificación del Agua , Adsorción , Mezclas Complejas , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética
2.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1548-1565, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843742

RESUMEN

Methylene blue (MB) is the cationic dye that is widely used for coloring cotton, wool, and silk. Since MB is harmful to human beings and toxic to microorganisms, there is the need to find cheap and efficient methods for removal of MB from wastewater prior to disposal into natural waters. In the present study, MB adsorption potential of MgO/AC prepared using a sol-gel-thermal deep-coating method was compared with the activated carbon (AC). The central composite design (CCD) as a method of the response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to minimize the number of runs and process optimization. The characterization of the microporous MgO/AC composite showed that the magnesium oxide nanoparticles were successfully coated on the AC and the BET specific surface area of AC and MgO/AC were 1,540 and 1,246 m2/g, respectively. The MB removal efficiency and the maximum adsorption capacity of AC and MgO/AC were 89.6, 97.5% and 571.7, 642.3 mg/g, respectively under optimum operational conditions of initial dye concentration of 100.9 mg/L, the adsorbent dosage of 69.4 mg/100 mL, pH of 10.2 and contact time of 149.1 min. According to an analysis of variance (ANOVA), the initial dye concentration and its interaction with the other effective factors have a large impact on adsorption efficiency. Furthermore, the mechanism of adsorption followed the Langmuir isotherm (R2 = 0.9935, Δqe = 2.9%) and adsorption kinetics fitted by the pseudo-second-order model (R2 = 0.9967, Δqe = 6.6%). Finally, our results suggest that the prepared MgO/AC is an efficient and promising material for dye wastewater treatment.


Asunto(s)
Azul de Metileno , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Carbón Orgánico , Colorantes , Humanos , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Óxido de Magnesio , Azul de Metileno/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
3.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1591-1604, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843745

RESUMEN

Dairy plants produce 1 to 4 L of wastewater per 1 L of processed milk. The wastewater contains high values of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) concentrations, in addition to high levels of dissolved solids. In this study, synthesized copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONPs) coupled with Sophora Japonica fruit, were used as an adsorbent, for the first time, to treat the effluent of dairy plants in a batch adsorption process. The analysis techniques, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were utilized to characterize the adsorbent. The COD removal, using (CuONPs)-based adsorbent, was investigated by varying contact time, masses of the adsorbent, initial COD value and temperatures. The optimum conditions for highest removal percentage were contact time of 120 min, a temperature of 25 °C, pH value of 7.5, and 1 g of adsorbent. The initial COD values used were in the range of 100-700 ppm. The COD percent removal was in the range of 77 to 95%. Freundlich isotherm exhibited the best fitting for the results (R2 = 0.998) with a favorable spontaneous exothermic adsorption process. Based on the calculated normalized deviation value, the modified diffusion model, intra-diffusion, and pseudo-second-order kinetics all showed very good fitting for the adsorption data as indicated by the kinetics study.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Cobre , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Óxidos , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier , Termodinámica , Aguas Residuales
4.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1605-1618, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843746

RESUMEN

Phosphorus removal is a crucial aspect of controlling water pollution and eutrophication. In this study, the preparation of lanthanum carbonate (LC) nano-adsorbents for the efficient removal of phosphate (P) from water and wastewater was investigated. Results from XRD, SEM and Zeta potential analyses revealed that addition of magnesium ions and adjustment of the reaction temperature could control the morphology and microstructure of LC. Effects of initial pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, and the water matrix on P adsorption were investigated. Batch adsorption experiments revealed that LC showed strong performance on P removal over a wide pH range (3.0 to 11.0). The kinetic data followed a pseudo-second-order model, and equilibrium data were well fitted by the Langmuir model with a maximum adsorption capacity of 112.9 mg P/g. Adsorption thermodynamics showed that the adsorption process was exothermic and spontaneous. Results of a monolayer model for single adsorption indicated that P could completely interact with two or more functional groups from the LC surface. In the presence of competing ions (F-, Cl-, SO42-, NO3-, and HCO3-), LC maintained high selectivity for phosphate. For a real effluent, the P concentration was efficiently reduced from 3.2 mg P/L to below 0.5 mg P/L at a dose of 0.5 g/L LC. All the results suggested that LC can serve as a promising adsorbent for P removal in a wide range of pH, and thus could meet the stricter discharge regulations from actual wastewater.


Asunto(s)
Fosfatos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Lantano , Aguas Residuales , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
5.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1649-1661, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843749

RESUMEN

Wastewater effluents usually involve dyes that are dangerous for aquatic life and other environments. Many of these dyes are toxic, carcinogenic, and can cause skin and eye irritation. In this study, firstly aminized cellulose acetate was prepared from cellulose acetate and applied for the adsorption of Acid Brown 354 from aqueous solutions. The effects of different parameters including adsorbent dosage, pH, temperature, and initial concentration of dye on adsorption capacity were examined. Results showed that removal efficiency of dye declined by increasing values of all parameters. Finally, maximum removal of dye was achieved in the presence of 0.1 g adsorbent, pH of 2, and 10 mg/L of initial dye concentration at a temperature of 25 °C. Also, different adsorption isotherms were investigated including Langmuir, Temkin, and Freundlich models and results demonstrated that the adsorption isotherm of dye followed the Freundlich model with a correlation coefficient of 0.988 revealing that the bond between the dye and the adsorbent is strong. Finally, kinetic study indicated that the adsorption of dye is exactly governed by pseudo-second-order kinetics explaining that the adsorption process is chemical and the adsorbent can not be reused.


Asunto(s)
Nanofibras , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Celulosa/análogos & derivados , Colorantes , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Modelos Teóricos , Termodinámica , Aguas Residuales
6.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1662-1676, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843750

RESUMEN

In the present study, adsorption of colour and other pollutants from agro-based paper mill effluent onto fabricated coal fly ash nanoparticles (CFA-N) have been investigated. Response surface methodology was applied to evaluate the operational conditions for maximum ouster of colour from effluent by nano structured CFA-N. Maximum reduction in colour (92.45%) and other pollutants were obtained at optimum conditions: 60 min interaction time, 60 g/L adsorbent dosage and 80 rpm agitation rate. The regression coefficient values (adjusted R2 = 0.7169; predicted R2 = 0.7539) established harmony between predicted and the experimental data. The adsorption equilibrium results matched perfectly with both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms with maximum adsorption capacity of 250 platinum-cobalt/g. Additionally, the efficacy of CFA-N was also assessed in a continuous column mode. Furthermore, the feasibility of treated effluent for irrigation purpose was checked by growing the plant Solanum lycopersicum. Overall, the findings demonstrated the outstanding role of inexpensive and abundantly available CFA-N in treatment of paper mill effluent to the required compliance levels.


Asunto(s)
Ceniza del Carbón , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Carbón Mineral , Descontaminación , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
7.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1691-1702, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843752

RESUMEN

In this study, spent mushroom substrates (SMSs) were fermented anaerobically at room temperature to gain liquid SMSs (LSMSs) that were used to remove nitrogen from the piggery wastewater with a low C/N ratio in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) and solid SMSs (SSMSs) that were utilized to adsorb Pb2+ from Pb2+-containing wastewater in a fixed-bed reactor (FBR). After LSMSs supplement, the removal efficiency of both total nitrogen (TN) and NH+4-N increased from around 50% to 60-80%. High-throughput sequencing results presented an obvious change in microbial diversity, and some functional microorganisms like Zoogloea and Hydrogenophaga predominated to promote nitrogen removal. Pb2+ did not emerge from the effluent until 240 min with the corresponding concentration being less than 3 mg/L when using 30-day SSMSs as adsorbents, and it was demonstrated to be appropriate to use the Thomas model to predict Pb2+ sorption on SSMSs. Although various functional groups played a role in binding ions, the carboxyl group was proved to contribute most to Pb2+ adsorption. These results certified that the anaerobically fermented SMSs are decidedly suitable for wastewater treatment.


Asunto(s)
Agaricales , Nitrógeno , Adsorción , Reactores Biológicos , Desnitrificación , Plomo , Nitrógeno/análisis , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Aguas Residuales
8.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1714-1727, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843754

RESUMEN

Size-controlled Pb0.06Fe0.7O3 nanoparticles (Pb-FeONPs) were fabricated by the thermal co-precipitation method and characterized by FE-SEM, EDX, XRD, and IR techniques. The SEM and XRD images showed the average size distribution and average crystallite size of 19.21 nm and 4.9 nm, respectively. The kinetic model of Congo Red (CR) adsorption onto Pb-FeONPs was verified and found to be a pseudo-second-order reaction. The Langmuir plot was better fitted (R2 = 0.990) than other isotherm models with a Qmax (mg/g) of 500 for Congo Red (CR) dye in 40 min. The double-layer statistical physics model based on two energies was used to calculate the significant parameters. The n (stoichiometric coefficient) values obtained from the statistical physics double-layer model were found to be 0.599, 0.593, and 0.565, which are less than 1, indicating the multi-docking process. The regeneration of Pb-FeONPs was used for up to 5 cycles effectively, making the material highly economical. The Pb-FeONPs were fruitfully applied for the removal of CR dye from wastewater on a laboratory and industrial scale.


Asunto(s)
Rojo Congo , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Rojo Congo/análisis , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Plomo , Física
9.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1739-1752, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843756

RESUMEN

An exceedingly facile green approach that produces a reliable adsorbent based on a transition metal such as Iron (Fe) using Mangifera indica leaf extract at room temperature is described. A single pot method was used for synthesis with no capping agents, surfactants or other templates. The main intention of this study is to synthesize iron nanoparticles from leaf extract (Mangifera indica) and examine its degradation potential for photo-catalytic removal of dyes (Congo red and brilliant green) from wastewater. Characterization of synthesized nanoparticles was executed by pHpzc, scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy studies and results confirm the presence of iron nano-sheets with biomolecules. All photo-catalytic experimental results were assessed by sum of squared estimate of errors and simple linear regression R2 with dye concentration, pH, contact time and dose rate as dependent and independent variables. Adsorption experimental data was verified by kinetics and isothermal models. Results showed that Langmuir and pseudo second order models give best fitness towards the photo-catalytic adsorption procedure. Thermodynamics revealed that adsorption mechanism is endothermic, described by the values of changes in Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy, and is chemisorption in nature, with spontaneous processes. Overall photo-catalytic adsorption execution with synthesized iron nanoparticles and simple biomass of Mangifera indica gives satisfactory results for treating dye wastewater.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Colorantes , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Extractos Vegetales , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier , Termodinámica
10.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(7): 1753-1763, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843757

RESUMEN

The adsorption performance of pyridine onto polyaluminium chloride (PAC) and anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) water treatment residuals (WTRs) was investigated by batch experiments. This study confirmed the assumption that PAC-APAM WTRs had the ability to remove pyridine. The non-linear Dubinin-Radushkevich model and non-linear Freundlich model better described the isotherms, indicating that the adsorption was a chemically controlled multilayer process. The pyridine adsorption rate was simultaneously controlled by external film diffusion and intraparticle diffusion. The adsorption of pyridine was an endothermic reaction with randomness increase. The pyridine adsorption decreased with pH increase. Pyridine removal was observed to be a linear increase from 6.16% to 96.18%, with the increase of dosage from 2.5 g/L to 15 g/L. The Langmuir maximum adsorption capacity was 3.605 mg/g while the theoretical isotherm saturation capacity was 9.823 mg/g. Therefore, PAC-APAM WTRs recycled into contaminated soils for remediation is expected to be an innovative alternative disposal method. More research is recommended in the future to identify detailed adsorption mechanisms and the most appropriate mixing ratio of PAC-APAM WTRs to contaminated soils under various climatic conditions.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Purificación del Agua , Resinas Acrílicas , Adsorción , Hidróxido de Aluminio , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Piridinas , Soluciones , Termodinámica
11.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 2443-2459, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814909

RESUMEN

Background: Specific modifications to carriers to achieve targeted delivery of chemotherapeutics into malignant tissues are a critical point for efficient diagnosis and therapy. In this case, bovine serum albumin (BSA) was conjugated with cetuximab-valine-citrulline (vc)-doxorubicin (DOX) to target epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and enable the release of drug in EGFR-overexpressed tumor cells. Methods: Maleimidocaproyl-valine-citrulline-p-aminobenzylcarbonyl-p-nitrophenol (MC-Val-Cit-PAB-PNP) and DOX were used to synthesize MC-Val-Cit-PAB-DOX, which was further linked with cetuximab to prepare antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). Then, the ADCs were adsorbed to the surface of the BSA nanoparticles (NPs), which were prepared by a desolvation method to obtain cetuximab-vc-DOX-BSA-NPs. The cetuximab-vc-DOX conjugates adsorbed on the surface of the BSA nanoparticles were determined and optimized by size exclusion chromatography. An in vitro cytotoxicity study was conducted using a colon carcinoma cell line with different EGFR-expression levels to test the selectivity of cetuximab-vc-DOX-NPs. Results: The vc-DOX and cetuximab-vc-DOX conjugates were both synthesized successfully and their structural characteristics confirmed by 1H-NMR and SDS-PAGE. The MTT assay showed stronger cytotoxicity of cetuximab-vc-DOX-NPs versus control IgG-vc-DOX-NPs in EGFR-overexpressing RKO cells. Cellular binding and intracellular accumulation determined by flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed the strong binding ability of cetuximab-vc-DOX-NPs to RKO cells. The in vivo imaging study demonstrated that cetuximab-vc-DOX-NPs exhibited higher fluorescent intensity in tumor tissues than non-decorated nanoparticles (IgG-vc-DOX-NPs). In vivo tumor inhibition and survival tests showed that cetuximab-vc-DOX-NPs revealed higher tumor inhibition efficacy and lower systemic toxicity than control IgG-vc-DOX- NPs. Conclusion: The obtained results emphasize that cetuximab-vc-DOX-NPs, with good tumor-targeting ability and low systemic toxicity, are a promising targeting system for drug delivery.


Asunto(s)
Cetuximab/uso terapéutico , Citrulina/química , Neoplasias Colorrectales/tratamiento farmacológico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapéutico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Albúmina Sérica Bovina/química , Valina/química , Adsorción , Animales , Bovinos , Línea Celular Tumoral , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Neoplasias Colorrectales/patología , Doxorrubicina/farmacología , Sistemas de Liberación de Medicamentos/métodos , Endocitosis/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Inmunoconjugados/farmacología , Inmunoconjugados/uso terapéutico , Ratones , Tamaño de la Partícula , Espectroscopía de Protones por Resonancia Magnética , Distribución Tisular/efectos de los fármacos
12.
Water Res ; 195: 116956, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676178

RESUMEN

Due to the hydrophobicity and large specific surface area microplastics (MPs) have become the vector for the migration of environmental organic pollutants. Environmental aging process affects the physiochemical structure of MPs and their corresponding environmental behaviors, in which the effect of bisphenol A (BPA) binding mode within plastic matrix on aging behaviors of MPs is not reported. In this work, the structural properties and BPA sorption behaviors of low density polyethylene (LDPE) MPs with BPA additives and polycarbonate (PC) MPs with BPA monomers exposed to three types of artificial accelerated aging processes including UV/H2O, UV/H2O2, and UV/Cl2 systems were comparatively investigated. Virgin LDPE and PC exhibited obvious leakage of BPA additives or monomers. Aged LDPE had stronger sorption ability towards BPA in water environment with no observed leakage of BPA additives. While, aged PC had extremely high leakage of BPA monomers, which is similar to virgin PCs and was proved to be a persistent source of BPA release. The BPA sorption on aged LDPE or leaching from aged PC was influenced by aging processes, water pH, salinity, co-existing estradiol (E2), and water sources. This study reveals the potential ecological and environmental risks of MPs containing toxic additives/monomers during aging processes from a new perspective.


Asunto(s)
Microplásticos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Compuestos de Bencidrilo , Peróxido de Hidrógeno , Fenoles , Plásticos , Agua , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 1601-1616, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688181

RESUMEN

Introduction: Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and is responsible, where about 1 in 6 deaths in the world. Therefore, there is a need to develop effective antitumor agents that are targeted only to the specific site of the tumor to improve the efficiency of cancer diagnosis and treatment and, consequently, limit the unwanted systemic side effects currently obtained by the use of chemotherapeutic agents. In this context, due to its unique physical and chemical properties of graphene oxide (GO), it has attracted interest in biomedicine for cancer therapy. Methods: In this study, we report the in vivo application of nanocomposites based on Graphene Oxide (nc-GO) with surface modified with PEG-folic acid, Rhodamine B and Indocyanine Green. In addition to displaying red fluorescence spectra Rhodamine B as the fluorescent label), in vivo experiments were performed using nc-GO to apply Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) and Photothermal Therapy (PTT) in the treatment of Ehrlich tumors in mice using NIR light (808 nm 1.8 W/cm2). Results: This study based on fluorescence images was performed in the tumor in order to obtain the highest concentration of nc-GO in the tumor as a function of time (time after intraperitoneal injection). The time obtained was used for the efficient treatment of the tumor by PDT/PTT. Discussion: The current study shows an example of successful using nc-GO nanocomposites as a theranostic nanomedicine to perform simultaneously in vivo fluorescence diagnostic as well as combined PDT-PTT effects for cancer treatments.


Asunto(s)
Grafito/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Adsorción , Animales , Benzofuranos/química , Carcinoma de Ehrlich/patología , Carcinoma de Ehrlich/terapia , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/farmacología , Masculino , Ratones , Nanocompuestos/química , Tamaño de la Partícula , Rodaminas/farmacología , Espectrometría de Fluorescencia , Espectrometría Raman , Electricidad Estática , Carga Tumoral
14.
Water Res ; 195: 116984, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711746

RESUMEN

Heavy metal contamination has received increasing attention as a growing worldwide environmental problem. Traditional remediation methods are mainly based on adsorption, precipitation and oxidation-reduction, which reduce the availability or toxicity of heavy metal ions. Microbe-photocatalyst hybrids (MPH), which behave as a semi-artificial photosynthetic system, integrate microbial cells with artificial photocatalysts for solar-to-chemical conversion. A few very recent studies indicate that MPH can be applied to treat organic contamination in water. Here, we propose a novel idea that MPH may also have great potential for solving heavy metal pollution. Heavy metals in wastewater could possibly be utilized to synthesize photocatalysts for MPH by microbial mineralization. Photo-induced electrons generated by photocatalysts in MPH can be transferred into microbial cells to promote intracellular enzymatic reductions, which allows heavy metal ions such as Cr6+ and Se4+ to be reduced and detoxified. Moreover, heavy metal ions like As3+ and Sb3+ can be used as sacrificial electron donors to maintain the continuous operation of the MPH, whereby these metal ions are simultaneously oxidized and detoxified. The excellent potential of MPH in the treatment of heavy metal-polluted wastewater is explained and a solution based on MPH is put forward as well as verified experimentally in this work. This solution can realize electron transfer between different metal ions to simultaneously remediate multiple heavy metal ions in wastewater. This finding may bring new hope for treating multiple heavy metal polluted wastewater in the future.


Asunto(s)
Metales Pesados , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Iones , Aguas Residuales
15.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(6): 1265-1277, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767034

RESUMEN

Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized to obtain a new efficient adsorbent for diclofenac sodium (DF) removal. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) were applied to characterize the prepared adsorbent. These analyses revealed that adsorbent was successfully prepared with average particle diameter of about 50 nm and a BET surface area of 168.09 m2/g. The saturation magnetization value of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) was found to be 24.90 emu/g, thus, adsorbent was efficiently separated from the solution by a facile and rapid magnetic separation process. The effect of adsorption time, amount of adsorbent, initial pH of the solution, initial diclofenac concentration and temperature on the removal of DF were evaluated. Also, the adsorption data were best fitted to the pseudo-first-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm model. The thermodynamics studies suggested spontaneous and exothermic adsorption. The maximum diclofenac adsorption amount of the synthesized nanoadsorbent was 52.91 mg/g, which is higher than many recently studied adsorbents.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Diclofenaco , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Termodinámica , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Zinc
16.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(6): 1300-1314, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767037

RESUMEN

In this study, a mesoporous carbon (CMK-3) was successfully synthesized using mesoporous silica (SBA-15) prepared from gold mine tailings (sample CGMT) for removal of anionic dye from aqueous solution. For comparison, CMK-3 was prepared by the same method from pure silica (sample CT), and the other CMK-3 sample was prepared by a one-pot route mixing with Pluronic P123 (sample CP). The effect of the carbonization time on the synthesis of all CMK-3 samples was investigated, and the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction and N2 adsorption-desorption. The sample with the highest surface area was chosen as an adsorbent, for each CMK-3 obtained from different methods. Batch adsorption experiments were studied to determine the influence of pH, contact time, and initial dye concentration. The adsorption kinetics obeyed the pseudo-second-order model. All carbon-based adsorbents were observed to be quite effective for the removal of dye with adsorption percentage in the order of CP > CT > CGMT. The maximum adsorption capacities were 188.99 and 204.57 mg·g-1 for CT and CGMT, respectively. The comparative results of all carbon-based adsorbents show that CGMT can be applied as a low-cost alternative to CT for dye removal.


Asunto(s)
Carbono , Oro , Adsorción , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Difracción de Rayos X
17.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(6): 1369-1383, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767043

RESUMEN

In the present work, Zeolite A was modified by using hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMABr) for adsorption of the Congo red (CR) dye from synthetic aqueous solutions. The Modified Zeolite A (MZA) was characterized by XRD, SEM, and FTIR. The influence of solution pH (in the 4-12 range), ionic strength (0.1-1 M), contact time (180 min), initial CR concentration (20-60 mg/L), temperature (24-36 °C), and an adsorbent dose (1-3 g m/L) on the % dye removal and adsorbent capacity were studied. A combined effect of the initial CR concentration and temperature on the CR removal % by MZA was also studied by applying response surface methodology (RSM). Experimental values were in a good agreement with those predicated by a second-order quartic model. A maximum of 99.24% dye removal and adsorbent capacity of 21.11 mg/g was achieved under the following conditions: pH = 7, initial CR concentration = 60 mg/L, temperature = 24 °C, ionic strength = 0.1 M, adsorbent dose = 3 g/L and 90 min contact time. The equilibrium data were subjected to the Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherms, with the latter providing the best fit while kinetic adsorption studies were conducted by applying three models. The results indicated that the removal process was best described by the pseudo-second-order model. The present study demonstrates that modified MZA can be utilized for the highly efficient CR dye removal.


Asunto(s)
Rojo Congo , Zeolitas , Adsorción , Rojo Congo/análisis , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Aguas Residuales
18.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(6): 1384-1398, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767044

RESUMEN

Adsorption of direct red 80 (DR 80) and methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solutions on potato peels (PP) has been compared. The use of peels in decontamination technology is very promising given the near zero-cost for the synthesis of those adsorbents. The selected potato peels were first analyzed by scanning using electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Then the adsorption behavior was studied in a batch system. The adsorption process is affected by various parameters such as the solution pH (2-11), the initial concentration of the dye (20, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mg L-1), the adsorbent dose (0.1-3%), the temperature (303.16 K, 313.16 K, and 323.16 K), agitation (up to 250 rpm), as well as the contact time. Adsorption isotherms of the studied dye on the adsorbent were determined and compared with the Langmiur, Freundlich and Temkin adsorption models. The results show that the data was most similar to the Freundlich isotherm (R2 = 0.99). The maximum adsorption capacities (Qmax) of MB and DR 80 by the PP at temperatures 303.16 K, 313.16 K and 323.16 K were found to be approximately 97.08 mg g-1; 45.87 mg g-1; 61.35 mg g-1 and 27.778 mg g-1; 45.45 mg g-1; and 32.258 mg g-1. The kinetic data was compared to the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion models. This revealed that adsorption of methylene blue onto PP abided mostly to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Calculations of various thermodynamic parameters such as enthalpy change (ΔH), entropy change (ΔS), and free energy change (ΔG) display the endothermic and spontaneous nature of the adsorption process.


Asunto(s)
Solanum tuberosum , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Purificación del Agua , Adsorción , Compuestos Azo , Colorantes , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Azul de Metileno , Soluciones , Termodinámica
19.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(6): 1407-1417, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767046

RESUMEN

Slaughterhouse wastewater (SWW) contains high concentrations of phosphorus (P) and is considered as a principal industrial contaminant that causes eutrophication. This study developed two kinds of economical P removal adsorbents using flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) as the main raw material and bentonite, clay, steel slag and fly ash as the additives. The maximum adsorption capacity of the adsorbent composed of 60% FGDG, 20% steel slag, and 20% fly ash (DSGA2) was found to be 15.85 mg P/g, which was 19 times that of the adsorbent synthesized using 60% FGDG, 30% bentonite, and 10% clay (DSGA1) (0.82 mg P/g). Surface adsorption, internal diffusion, and ionic dissolution co-existed in the P removal process. The adsorption capacity of DSGA2 (2.50 mg P/g) was also evaluated in column experiments. The removal efficiency was determined to be higher than 92% in the first 5 days, while the corresponding effluent concentration was lower than the Chinese upcoming SWW discharge limit of 2 mg P/L. Compared with DSGA1, DSGA2 (synthesized from various industrial wastes) showed obvious advantages in improving adsorption capacity of P. The results showed that DSGA2 is a promising adsorbent for the advanced removal of P from SWW in practical applications.


Asunto(s)
Residuos Industriales , Aguas Residuales , Mataderos , Adsorción , Fósforo
20.
Water Sci Technol ; 83(6): 1429-1445, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767048

RESUMEN

Application of sewage sludge biochar as an adsorbent for pollutant removal has obtained special attention due to their low cost and surface functionality. In this research, sludge-tire composite biochar (STB) was successfully prepared through co-pyrolysis at 300, 500 and 700 °C, respectively. Cadmium (Cd) and tetracycline (TC) were selected as the target pollutant. The results indicated that STB has the highest surface area (49.71 m2/g), more inorganic minerals (Kaolinite) as well as relatively stable physicochemical properties with 10% tire particles (TP) at 700 °C. The adsorption results indicated that the pseudo-second-order equation and Langmuir isotherm model could better describe the adsorption of Cd2+ and TC by STB. The maximum adsorption capacity of Cd2+ and TC was 50.25 mg/g and 90.09 mg/g, respectively. The main mechanism of the adsorption process of STB for Cd mainly involves anion binding adsorption and ion exchange. The main mechanism of the adsorption process of STB for TC mainly involves complexation and cation exchange. The present study could set a scientific foundation for further research on the recycle of sewage sludge and tires.


Asunto(s)
Pirólisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , Cadmio , Carbón Orgánico , Cinética , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Agua
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