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1.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-20, dic. 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, BNUY, BNUY-Enf | ID: biblio-1392412

RESUMEN

El contexto epidemiológico que se vive a nivel mundial desde el comienzo de la pandemia por COVID-19, puso de manifiesto factores de sobrecarga laboral en el personal de la salud, relacionados con la exposición diaria a situaciones que ponen en riesgo su integridad física y mental. Tomando en cuenta el valor social, la validez científica y el beneficio que se genera con la investigación en el campo de la salud, nos propusimos explorar y analizar en qué medida y en qué aspectos la situación de pandemia ha afectado las cargas en enfermería partiendo de la hipótesis de un aumento en la percepción de cargas desde el inicio de la pandemia por COVID-19. En función de los resultados obtenidos, elaboramos recomendaciones y una propuesta que contribuya al desarrollo de un entorno de trabajo saludable para el personal de enfermería, estableciendo medidas de prevención e intervención destinadas a minimizar los riesgos e incrementar la satisfacción laboral. Para el relevamiento de los datos se aplicó una encuesta online, anónima, auto administrada dirigida al personal de enfermería de Uruguay que trabaja en los tres niveles de atención, la cual nos permitió un acercamiento a los principales indicadores de carga física y mental. En términos absolutos se encuestaron 304 licenciados en enfermería y 677 auxiliares. Si se comparan los encuestados con el Registro de Habilitación del MSP (2017), la participación alcanzó el 3,29 % de la población total en enfermería. Se logró la cobertura de los 19 departamentos de Uruguay. Los resultados obtenidos, evidenciaron un incremento en la carga física y mental, a partir del contexto generado por COVID-19, relacionado principalmente con aspectos institucionales, alteraciones fisiológicas, psicoafectivas y sociofamiliares.


The epidemiological context that has been experienced worldwide since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic has revealed factors of work overload in health personnel, related to daily exposure to situations that put their physical and mental integrity at risk. Considering the social value, the scientific validity and the benefit generated by research in the field of health, we set out to explore and analyze to what extent and in what aspects the pandemic situation has affected nursing work load based on the hypothesis of an increase in the perception of burdens since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the results obtained, we developed recommendations and a proposal that contributes to the development of a healthy work environment for nursing staff, establishing prevention and intervention measures aimed at minimizing risks and increasing job satisfaction. To collect the data, an online, anonymous, self-administered survey was applied to nursing staff in Uruguay who work at the three levels of care, which allowed us to approach the main indicators of physical and mental load. In absolute terms, 304 nursing graduates and 677 auxiliaries were surveyed. When we compare the respondents with the MSP Qualification Registry (2017), participation reached 3.29% of the total nursing population. Coverage of the 19 departments of Uruguay was achieved. The results showed an increase in the physical and mental load, based on the context generated by COVID-19, mainly related to institutional aspects, physiological, psycho-affective and socio-family alterations.


O contexto epidemiológico que se vive mundialmente desde o início da pandemia do COVID-19 tem revelado fatores de sobrecarga de trabalho nos profi ssionais de saúde, relacionados à exposição diária a situações que colocam em risco sua integridade física e mental. Levando em conta o valor social, a validade científica e o benefício gerado pela pesquisa na área da saúde, propusemo-nos a explorar e analisar em que medida e em que aspectos a situação pandêmica afetou as cargas de trabalho de enfermagem com base na hipótese de aumento na percepção de ônus desde o início da pandemia de COVID-19. Com base nos resultados obtidos, desenvolvemos recomendações e uma proposta que contribui para o desenvolvimento de um ambiente de trabalho saudável para a equipe de enfermagem, estabelecendo medidas de prevenção e intervenção paravive minimizar riscos e aumentar a satisfação no trabalho. Para coletar os dados, foi aplicada uma pesquisa online, anônima e autoadministrada aos profissionais de enfermagem do Uruguai que atuam nos três níveis de atenção, o que permitiu abordar os principais indicadores de carga física e mental. Em termos absolutos, foram pesquisados 304 egressos de enfermagem e 677 auxiliares. Se compararmos os respondentes com o Registro de Qualificação MSP (2017), a participação atingiu 3,29% do total da população de enfermagem. A cobertura dos 19 departamentos do Uruguai foi alcançada. Os resultados obtidos mostraram um aumento da carga física e mental, com base no contexto gerado pela COVID-19, principalmente relacionado a aspectos institucionais, alterações fisiológicas, psicoafetivas e sociofamiliares.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Riesgos Laborales , Carga de Trabajo , Estrés Laboral , COVID-19 , Personal de Enfermería , Uruguay , Condiciones de Trabajo , Agotamiento Profesional , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , COVID-19/psicología
2.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274036, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129890

RESUMEN

Nurse, Midwives and Allied Health Professionals (AHPs), along with other health and social care colleagues are the backbone of healthcare services. They have played a key role in responding to the increased demands on healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper compares cross-sectional data on quality of working life, wellbeing, coping and burnout of nurses, midwives and AHPs in the United Kingdom (UK) at two time points during the COVID-19 pandemic. An anonymous online repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted at two timepoints, Phase 1 (7th May 2020-3rd July 2020); Phase 2 (17th November 2020-1st February 2021). The survey consisted of the Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale, the Work-Related Quality of Life Scale, and the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (Phase 2 only) to measure wellbeing, quality of working life and burnout. The Brief COPE scale and Strategies for Coping with Work and Family Stressors scale assessed coping strategies. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regressions examined the effects of coping strategies and demographic and work-related variables on wellbeing and quality of working life. A total of 1839 nurses, midwives and AHPs responded to the first or second survey, with a final sample of 1410 respondents -586 from Phase 1; 824 from Phase 2, (422 nurses, 192 midwives and 796 AHPs). Wellbeing and quality of working life scores were significantly lower in the Phase 2 sample compared to respondents in Phase 1 (p<0.001). The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant effect on psychological wellbeing and quality of working life which decreased while the use of negative coping and burnout of these healthcare professionals increased. Health services are now trying to respond to the needs of patients with COVID-19 variants while rebuilding services and tackling the backlog of normal care provision. This workforce would benefit from additional support/services to prevent further deterioration in mental health and wellbeing and optimise workforce retention.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Partería , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo , Adaptación Psicológica , Técnicos Medios en Salud , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Pandemias , Embarazo , Calidad de Vida , SARS-CoV-2
3.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e060138, 2022 Sep 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130759

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic on levels of burnout among physicians in Ontario, Canada, and to understand physician perceptions of the contributors and solutions to burnout. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Active and retired physicians, residents and medical students in Canada's largest province were invited to participate in an online survey via an email newsletter. PARTICIPANTS: In the first survey wave (March 2020), 1400 members responded (representing 76.3% of those who could be confirmed to have received the survey and 3.1% of total membership). In the second wave (March 2021), 2638 responded (75.9% of confirmed survey recipients and 5.8% of membership). KEY OUTCOME MEASURE: Level of burnout was assessed using a validated, single-item, self-defined burnout measure where options ranged from 1 (no symptoms of burnout) to 5 (completely burned out). RESULTS: The overall rate of high levels of burnout (self-reported levels 4-5) increased from 28.0% in 2020 (99% CI: 24.3% to 31.7%) to 34.7% in 2021 (99% CI: 31.8% to 37.7%), a 1-year increase of 6.8 percentage points (p<0.01). After a full year of practising during the COVID-19 pandemic, respondents ranked 'patient expectations/patient accountability', 'reporting and administrative obligations' and 'practice environment' as the three factors that contributed most to burnout. Respondents ranked 'streamline and reduce required documentation/administrative work', 'provide fair compensation' and 'improve work-life balance' as the three most important solutions. CONCLUSIONS: During the first 12 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario, prevalence of high levels of burnout had significantly increased. The contributors and solutions ranked highest by physicians were system-level or organisational in nature.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Médicos , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Ontario/epidemiología , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Autoinforme , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Appl Nurs Res ; 67: 151622, 2022 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116862

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Coronavirus disease pandemic is a global health crisis with psychological consequences for healthcare workers. PURPOSE: To identify the prevalence and potential factors influencing burnout among frontline nurses in South Korea. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 161 nurses who voluntarily participated in the survey through advertisements at a general hospital. Data on sociodemographic and professional characteristics, insomnia, depression, anxiety, stress, and burnout were collected via an online questionnaire in 2021. RESULTS: Among the participants, 90 had a high level of burnout. Overall, 59.6 %, 23.0 %, 36.0 %, and 17.4 % of nurses experienced insomnia, depression, anxiety, and stress, respectively. The results showed that the assigned number of patients, insomnia, and depression were the major factors affecting burnout levels of nursing staff. CONCLUSIONS: Frontline nurses were the main force in the fight against public health emergencies. The government and medical institutions must consider professional and psychological factors in ameliorating burnout and safety for nurses.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Pandemias , República de Corea/epidemiología
5.
J Occup Health ; 64(1): e12360, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111392

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 has dramatically affected Western Society's relationship with work and contributed to increased worker burnout. Existing studies on burnout have mostly emphasized workplace culture, leadership, and employee engagement as key contributors to burnout. In this cross-sectional study, we examine the associations between Malach-Pines Short Burnout Measure (MPSBM) scores and participant's self reported personal characteristics, financial strain, workplace conditions, work-life balance, and social inclusion among Canadians living during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: To identify the most salient correlates of burnout, Canadian residents, aged 16+, were recruited using paid social media advertisements in French and English to complete a cross-sectional study. Multivariable linear regression and dominance analysis identified the most salient correlates of MPSBM scores. Exposure variables included demographic factors, financial strain, workplace conditions, work-life balance, social support, and loneliness. RESULTS: Among 486 participants, family social support (adjusted ß = -0.14, 95%CI = -0.23, -0.05), emotional loneliness (adjusted ß = 0.26, 95% CI = 0.18, 0.35), insufficient sleep (adjusted ß = 0.38, 95% CI = 0.16, 0.60) and "me time" (adjusted ß = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.03, 0.42), and indicators of financial security (e.g., owning vs renting; adjusted ß = -0.36, 95% CI = -0.54, -0.17; insufficient pay: adjusted ß = -0.36, 95% CI = -0.54, -0.17) were key burnout indicators. People with a bachelor's degree (vs ≤high school diploma; adjusted ß = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.01, 0.58) also had higher burnout scores. CONCLUSION: Interventions addressing workplace culture, leadership, and other proximal workplace stressors, while important, are likely insufficient to meet the needs of workers. Our findings suggest that broader, holistic multicomponent approaches that address multiple upstream dimensions of health-including mental health-are likely necessary to prevent and reduce burnout.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Canadá/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Soledad , Pandemias , Apoyo Social
6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1163, 2022 Sep 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104695

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome is a psycho-social disorder which develops in an individual exposed to chronic stress on the job. Health workers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are at increased risk of burnout due to job-related challenges. Burnout does not only affect the job performance of employees, but could result in dysregulation of multiple physiological systems (allostatic load) in victims and predispose them to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This study examined the association between burnout and allostatic load among health workers engaged in human resourced-constrained hospitals in Accra, Ghana. METHOD: This study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study involving 1264 health workers (clinicians and non-clinicians) from three public hospitals in Accra, Ghana who were recruited using a proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The participants completed a questionnaire which collected general and burnout information. In addition, each participant's anthropometric; biochemical and hemodynamic indices were measured. The allostatic load in the participants was determined using eleven (11) biomarkers from the neuro-endocrine, cardiovascular, metabolic and anthropometric measures. The relationship between burnout and allostatic overload (high allostatic load) was determined at the bivariate and multivariable levels. The data analysis was done with the aid of Stata 15.0 at a 95% confidence level. RESULTS: The prevalence of burnout was 20.57%, higher in non-clinicians than clinicians (26.74% vs 15.64, p <  0.001). Also, non-clinical participants had higher levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization than the clinical participants. Over a quarter (26.27%) of the participants had allostatic overload manifesting as high allostatic load. Furthermore, for a one unit increase in overall burnout, the odds of experiencing allostatic overload was increased by 17.59 times (AOR = 17.59, 95% CI: 11.7-26.4) as compared to those without burnout and similar findings were found for the individual components of burnout syndrome with high allostatic load. CONCLUSION: Burnout among health workers is associated with multi-system physiological dysregulation manifesting as high allostatic load; a major risk factor for NCDs. It is recommended that measures aimed at reducing burnout and allostatic overload such as structured psychological counseling and healthy lifestyle patterns are recommended for health workers engaged in stressful work settings to reduce their risk of NCDs.


Asunto(s)
Alostasis , Agotamiento Profesional , Alostasis/fisiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Ghana/epidemiología , Hospitales , Humanos
7.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 675, 2022 Sep 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100880

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Trainees in graduate medical education are affected by burnout at disproportionate rates. Trainees experience tremendous growth in clinical skills and reasoning, however little time is dedicated to metacognition to process their experiences or deliberate identity formation to create individualized definitions of success and wellbeing. The purpose of this study was to understand the perspectives and experiences of trainees who participated in a 6-month, web-based, group coaching program for women residents in training. METHODS: Better Together Physician Coaching is a six-month, self-paced, online, asynchronous, coaching program with multiple components including live coaching calls, unlimited written coaching, and self-study modules. Semi-structured interviews of seventeen participants of Better Together from twelve GME programs within a single institution in Colorado were conducted from May to June of 2021. All identified as women and had participated in a 6-month coaching program. Both inductive and deductive methods were used in collecting and analyzing the data with an aim to understand learners' perceptions of the coaching program, including "how and why" the coaching program affected training experiences and wellbeing. RESULTS: Three main themes emerged as benefits to the coaching program from the data: 1) practicing metacognition as a tool for healthy coping 2) building a sense of community, and 3) the value of a customizable experience. CONCLUSIONS: Female trainees who participated in a group coaching program expressed that they found value in learning how to cope with stressors through metacognition-focused coaching. They also described that building a community and being able to customize the experience were positive aspects of the program. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05280964 . Date of registration: March 15th 2022. Retrospectively registered. URL of trial registry record.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Tutoría , Médicos , Adaptación Psicológica , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Tutoría/métodos
8.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274322, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112642

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the moderating effects of sociodemographic and work-related variables on levels of burnout and mental health among medical residents. METHOD: A cross-sectional online survey was administered at the beginning of the second wave of COVID-19 at different public teaching hospitals where medical residents practiced in Mexico City. A total of 201 medical residents of different years completed the survey. RESULTS: Different univariate inferential analyses on the level of burnout and mental health indices showed significant differences between sex, marital status, previous reports of physical illness or psychological conditions, and residency ranking. However, the effect sizes of those differences were of low to medium size. A predictive path analysis revealed that the three stages of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and achievement dissatisfaction) negatively affect psychological wellbeing and positively affect psychological distress. Finally, even though sociodemographic variables showed some significant variation, the effect sizes were small and did not moderate the direct effect of burnout on mental health indices. CONCLUSIONS: Medical residents deling with every day medical situations, will be exposed to stressors that might increase the probability to experience emotional exhaustion. This would negatively affect levels of wellbeing and positively affect distress, despite their sociodemographic characteristics.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Internado y Residencia , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Agotamiento Psicológico , Estudios Transversales , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Salud Mental , México/epidemiología
9.
J Int Med Res ; 50(9): 3000605221106428, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113033

RESUMEN

Burnout syndrome is a distinct "occupational phenomenon" rather than a medical condition, comprising emotional exhaustion, physical fatigue, and cognitive weariness. Both exogenous work-related and endogenous personal factors determine the extent and the severity of symptoms in burnout syndrome. Persistent burnout is a cause of reduced quality of life and is associated with increased risk of sleep impairment and with several medical disorders including mild cognitive impairment, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.Active coping strategies promoting mental resilience and adaptive behavior, stress-reducing activities, improving work conditions, and reducing exposure to work stressors together may alleviate the distress of burnout and should be introduced early in the clinical course of burnout syndrome. The purpose of this review was to explain this complex and puzzling phenomenon and to describe burnout management.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Calidad de Vida , Adaptación Psicológica , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Emociones , Fatiga , Humanos
10.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1167, 2022 Sep 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114499

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Many workplaces, within the healthcare sector, experience high rates of mental health problems such as burnout, anxiety, and depression, due to poor psychosocial working conditions and midwives are not an exception. To develop preventive interventions, epidemiologic surveillance of burnout levels, and their relation to professional specific working conditions is needed. Aims of this study is to assess the construct validity of the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) in the context of Swedish midwives, to evaluate whether the item responses can be combined into a single score and differential item functioning regarding age. Another aim was to assess the burnout levels of Swedish midwives. METHODS: Data come from a national cohort of Swedish midwives (n = 1664). The construct validity was evaluated using Rasch analysis. Burnout levels were presented by median and first (Q1) and third (Q3) quartiles for the BAT total score and the four subscales (exhaustion, mental distance, cognitive and emotional impairment). RESULTS: In the analysis including all 23 items the fit to the Rasch model was not obtained. Items within each subscale clustered together in a residual correlation matrix in a pattern consistent with the underlying conceptualization of the BAT, indicating multidimensionality. The Rasch analysis was re-run using the four testlets as input variables which resulted in a good fit. The median burnout level was 2.0 (Q1 = 1.6, Q3 = 2.4). The four subscales differentiated the picture (elevated levels on exhaustion and low levels on the other three subscales). CONCLUSIONS: The construct validity of the BAT for use in the context of Swedish midwives was confirmed. The results indicated a strong general factor, meaning that the responses can be combined into a single burnout score. The scale works invariantly for different age groups. The results of this study secure access to a validated instrument to be used for accurate assessment of the burnout levels among midwives in Sweden.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Partería , Agotamiento Profesional/diagnóstico , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Agotamiento Psicológico , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Suecia/epidemiología
11.
Clin Chest Med ; 43(3): 563-577, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116823

RESUMEN

Burnout is occurring in epidemic proportions among intensive care unit physicians and other health-care professionals-accelerated by pandemic-driven stress. The impact of burnout is far-reaching, threatening the health of individual workers, the safety and quality of care our patients receive, and eroding the infrastructure of health care in general. Drivers of burnout include excessive quantity of work (nights, weekends, and acuity surges); excessive menial tasks; incivility, poor communication, and challenges to team success; and frequent moral distress and end-of-life issues. This article provides system-based practice and individual strategies to address these drivers and improve the well-being of our team and our patients.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Médicos , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Cuidados Críticos , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos
12.
Mo Med ; 119(4): 397-400, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118800

RESUMEN

Rates of burnout among clinicians have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 (COVID)pandemic. A survey of Missouri primary care professionals at federally qualified health centers was conducted during a COVID surge in August 2021 to assess burnout, stress, and job satisfaction as well as if respondents had sought assistance for burnout or attended resiliency training. Despite respondents reporting rates of burnout (56%) that exceed those reported nationally (48%), only 17% sought help for burnout. Most (81%) had not attended resiliency training; of those who did, 16% said sessions "make me feel less alone," while an equivalent number found sessions not useful, identifying an absence of resources within their organization. Comments focused on the need for dedicated time to receive support, including time to seek assistance during working hours, time to take breaks, and time for self-care. The data suggest one path forward to remediate burnout: provide the workforce with time to access support.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Psicológico , Humanos , Missouri/epidemiología , Atención Primaria de Salud
13.
Am J Mens Health ; 16(5): 15579883221123930, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113189

RESUMEN

Screening for depression in males is important because their symptoms differ from those of females, ranging from indications of aggression to attempts at suicide. Men and women differ in their responses to job stress. There are no tools that have been verified, developed, or translated for screening male depression in Korea. Our team translated the Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS) into Korean. The Korean version of GMDS (K-GMDS) and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) were administered to 277 office workers in one public institution. Gender differences in each scale score were measured along with the correlation between the K-GMDS and the MBI-GS. There was no significant difference in the K-GMDS score between males and females, whereas females scored significantly higher on the MBI-GS (p < .001). The correlation between the K-GMDS total score and the MBI total score (male: r = .702, p < .001, female: r = .375, p < .001) and MBI subscale scores were higher in males than females. Gender moderated the relationship between total K-GMDS and total MBI scores (p < .001). The Korean version of the GMDS is suitable for screening male depression symptoms in the workplace. The results of the K-GMDS demonstrated a strong correlation between depressive symptoms and work-related burnout among men. This study can be used as a basis for studying male depression symptoms in Korea, which has not been studied extensively. This will prove beneficial for work environments.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Depresión , Asiáticos , Agotamiento Profesional/diagnóstico , Depresión/diagnóstico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Lugar de Trabajo
15.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(5): 358-362, Sep-Oct 2022. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-207831

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Determinar la calidad de vida laboral entre los diferentes profesionales de enfermería pediátrica,teniendo en cuenta factores sociodemográficos y de contexto laboral, y la relación del burnout, satisfacción por compasión y fatiga por compasión entre los diferentes puestos de trabajo. Método: Estudio observacional descriptivo transversal desarrollado entre enero y marzo de 2019 en el ámbito nacional. Se recopilaron características sociodemográficas y el Cuestionario ProQOL IV. Los datos se codificaron en Microsoft Office Excel, y se analizaron con SPSS, considerándose diferencias estadísticamente significativas para valores p<0,05. Resultados: Participaron 68 enfermeras. Los resultados obtenidos muestran una menor satisfacción por compasión en aquellos profesionales que tienen un contrato de trabajo fijo, así como los que desempeñan su labor en puestos de hospitalización respecto a los del área de oncología. En nuestra muestra existe una elevada fatiga por compasión, observando una relación significativa entre la fatiga por compasión y la creencia religiosa, siendo superior en los profesionales creyentes. Conclusiones: Es necesario identificar factores asociados con la calidad de vida profesional para plantear estrategias de intervención y condiciones de mejora, siendo precisa una mayor implicación de las instituciones sanitarias para la mejora de la calidad de vida profesional en la enfermería pediátrica.(AU)


Objective: Determine the quality of working life among the different pediatric nursing professionals, taking into account socio-demographic and work context factors, and the relationship of Burnout, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue between different job positions. Method: Cross-sectional descriptive observational study carried out between January-March 2019 at the national territory. The professional quality of life was measured with ProQOL IV and sociodemographic characteristics were recorded. The data was encoded in Microsoft Office Excel, and analyzed with SPPS considering statistically significant differences p <0.05. Results: A total of 68 nurses were included in the study. The results obtained show less satisfaction due to compassion in those professionals who have a permanent employment contract, as well as those who carry out their work in hospitalization positions compared to those in the oncology area. In our sample there are very high levels of compassion fatigue, in addition we observed a significant relationship between compassion fatigue and religious belief, being higher in believing professionals. Conclusions: It's necessary to identify associated factors in the professional quality of life to propose intervention strategies and improvement conditions, requiring greater involvement of health institutions to improve the professional quality of life in pediatric nursing.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Enfermeras Pediátricas , Enfermería Pediátrica , Agotamiento Psicológico , Calidad de Vida , Condiciones de Trabajo , Agotamiento Profesional , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Oncología Médica , Cuidados Paliativos , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
Wiad Lek ; 75(8 pt 1): 1849-1853, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089868

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim: The purpose of the article is to present the results of research on the peculiarities of the symptoms of emotional burnout with doctors in Ukraine to justify the necessity to develop a set of preventive express measures to normalize their psychophysiological state after being in stressful situations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study involved 270 doctors of different specializations. We used "Diagnosis of the level of emotional burnout" (Boyko V.). RESULTS: Results: The results of studies have shown a significant manifestation of the "emotional burnout" symptoms with doctors. The presence of symptoms in all phases of the syndrome has been stated. It has been found that the dominant phase of the syndrome with those under investigation is the phase of resistance. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The reasons which promote emergence of "emotional burnout" syndrome are described. The real problems that contributed to the development of effective measures with the aim to prevent the syndrome of emotional burnout with physicians, including the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic, on advanced training courses at the Department of Pedagogy, Psychology, Medical and Pharmaceutical Law at the Shupik National University of Health of Ukraine.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Médicos , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , Ucrania
17.
Front Public Health ; 10: 926395, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091496

RESUMEN

Objective: Thousands of healthcare workers on the frontlines who have been battling the COVID-19 pandemic could face emotional and mental health risks even after their critical pandemic work. This study examined the impact of affective rumination on emotional exhaustion and the spillover effect of affective rumination on unhealthy food consumption among healthcare workers during recuperation. Methods: A total of 418 frontline healthcare workers from 10 Chinese medical institutions were recruited through random cluster sampling. A linear mixed model in SPSS25.0 was performed for hierarchical regression to analyze the effect of affective rumination on unhealthy food consumption via emotional exhaustion. A conditional process analysis was employed to investigate the moderating role of family support in the mediating effect of emotional exhaustion. Results: Front-line healthcare workers scored at a medium level on an emotional exhaustion scale (2.45 ± 0.88). Affective rumination mediated by emotional exhaustion had a significant positive predictive effect on unhealthy food consumption. The indirect effect accounted for ~43.9% of the total effect. Family support amplified the effect of emotional exhaustion on unhealthy food consumption (ß = 0.092, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Affective rumination could be a cause of emotional exhaustion and unhealthy food consumption. First-line healthcare workers could be screened for possible emotional exhaustion through the evaluation of affective rumination in order to provide them with targeted interventions. Family support did not prove to be beneficial in all cases as it enhanced the positive effect of emotional exhaustion on unhealthy eating in the current study. Therefore, family support should be carefully integrated in future interventions.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Personal de Salud/psicología , Humanos , Pandemias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 104(17): e76, 2022 Sep 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069800

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Coaching is separate from mentoring, and can include life coaching, skills coaching, and behavior coaching. Life coaching can focus on purpose, work-life balance, well-being, and career path. Skills coaching encourages mastery and promotes autonomy. Behavior coaching may be mandated for a disruptive surgeon. Coaching has been shown to reduce burnout and promote well-being and can potentially advance a surgeon's career trajectory and leadership skills.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Tutoría , Procedimientos Ortopédicos , Agotamiento Profesional/prevención & control , Humanos , Liderazgo , Mentores
19.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med ; 47(3): 115-124, 2022 Sep 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36073282

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to longitudinally evaluate job stress and burnout before and after the third wave of in Japan and identify transitional changes in the mental health status of a cohort of employees at a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-dedicated hospital. METHODS: The same surveys were conducted in October 2020 and March 2021. 151 subjects who responded to both surveys were included. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey was used to evaluate burnout. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to determine odds ratios for factors associated with burnout using a non-burnout group as a reference. RESULTS: In the cohort, 31.1% of employees showed dropout intention and 13.2% of employees were experiencing burnout in March 2021. Hospital workers were more motivated by a sense of contribution and accomplishment, which could balance increased exhaustion in March 2021. The following factors associated with burnout remained to be solved: self-quarantine, unfavorable patient prognosis, poor communication of information, lack of sleep in comparison to the pre-COVID-19 period, and desire for good communication of information. CONCLUSION: It is important to continuously evaluate the mental health status of employees and to provide targeted prevention and intervention in order to mitigate psychological distress and avoid burnout and resignation.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Estrés Laboral , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Ajuste Emocional , Hospitales , Humanos , Japón/epidemiología , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Pandemias
20.
J Allied Health ; 51(3): 229-233, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100719

RESUMEN

While having a dedicated and productive workforce is the cornerstone of a functioning society, the key is sustainability. Allied health laboratory burnout, characterized by mental exhaustion which negatively affects workplace performance, has worsened during the COVID pandemic. For purposes such as these, the issue must be addressed to ensure that the US will have an adequate workforce to meet the laboratory testing needs of an aging population and any potential future pandemics that may arise. The answer to reducing toxic or challenging workplace environments and improving human workforce sustainability is through transparency and anonymous reporting mandates so the data collected from individual laboratories can be reported as a single "human sustainability" score that reflects the health measure of the laboratory. The 10 laboratories with the highest scores could be listed in the laboratory professional magazine's version of "America's Most Admired Laboratories" and the worst performers in the "Improvements-Needed" listing. Companies are inherently competitive, and this forces laboratories to be more cognizant of workforce well-being and the rate of burnout and work-related chronic conditions. This article outlines how the human sustainability advocacy plan can be implemented using ideas gleaned from Bardach's eight-fold path paradigm.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Anciano , COVID-19/epidemiología , Humanos , Personal de Laboratorio Clínico , Recursos Humanos , Lugar de Trabajo
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