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2.
Med Clin North Am ; 104(3): 561-572, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312415

RESUMEN

Burnout is common in physicians who care for patients with serious illness, with rates greater than 60% in some studies. Risk factors for burnout include working on small teams and/or in small organizations, working longer hours and weekends, being younger than 50 years, burdensome documentation requirements, and regulatory issues. Personal factors that can protect against burnout include mindfulness, exercise, healthy sleep patterns, avoiding substance abuse, and having adequate leisure time. Institutional and work factors that can buffer against burnout include working on adequately staffed teams, having a manageable workload, and minimally burdensome electronic health record documentation.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/prevención & control , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Médicos/psicología , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/economía , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Depresión/etiología , Empatía/fisiología , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Atención Plena/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/estadística & datos numéricos , Calidad de Vida , Factores de Riesgo , Autocuidado/métodos , Sueño/fisiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/etiología , Suicidio/psicología , Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Carga de Trabajo
4.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; 71(1): 40-47, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062989

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine burnout prevalence in Canadian radiology residency and identify contributing factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective 57-item survey, including the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory-Health Sciences Survey, was sent to all Canadian radiology residents, with a total resident population of 359. The association between emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and personal achievement (PA) scores with items in the survey was performed. Continuous data were evaluated using the Student t test for comparing the means between the 2 groups or the analysis of variance test for comparing the means between at least 3 groups. Spearman correlation coefficient was performed when evaluating ordinal categorical data. RESULTS: Response rate is 40.1% (n = 144); 50.7% of residents demonstrate high EE, 48.6% demonstrate high DP, and 35.9% demonstrate low PA. Being unhappy with residency and with radiology as a career is associated with burnout (P < .001). Age, sex, marital status, and children have no impact on burnout. More hours worked is associated with higher EE (P = .025) and DP (P = .004). In all, 47.2% residents experienced intimidation or harassment. Feeling unsupported by staff radiologists is associated with higher EE (P < .001), higher DP (P = .001), and lower PA (P = .008). In all, 45.1% of residents have poor work-life balance, and those residents demonstrate higher EE (P < .001), higher DP (P = .006), and lower PA (P = .01). In all, 25% of residents identify poor education-service balance in their residency, and those residents have higher EE (P < .001), higher DP (P = .042), and lower PA (P = .005). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates significant burnout in Canadian radiology residents with major contributory factors identified.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Internado y Residencia , Radiólogos/psicología , Adulto , Canadá/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalencia , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19249, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080130

RESUMEN

To study the prevalence of burnout and job satisfaction in Chinese pediatrics residents.Prospective participants were invited via a WeChat group to participate from October 1, 2018 to January 31, 2019. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used to measure physician burnout, and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire was used to measure job satisfaction.A total of 380 residents (81.1% response rate) from 35 pediatric residency programs completed the cross-sectional web-based survey. Of the responders, 233 (61.3%) exhibited high levels of career burnout. Residents 24 to 29 years of age were less likely to report burnout than residents ≥30 years of age (50.9% vs74.7%; P < .05). In addition, residents with an annual income less than 80,000 RMB seem to have higher burnout levels (66.2%). Residents who reported that they felt sleep deprived had significantly higher rates of burnout than those who did not (P < .01). Logistic regression showed that age ≥30 years (odds ratio [OR] 3.74 [1.57-7.66], P < .01) and sleep deprivation (OR 4.11 [2.19-7.35], P < .01) were the 2 independent risk factors associated with burnout.Burnout is highly prevalent among Chinese pediatrics residents who also reported poor job satisfaction.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Internado y Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Pediatría/educación , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Internet , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Sueño
6.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 160, 2020 Feb 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013939

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A series of studies have suggested that teachers are likely to experience professional burnout in various regions around the world. To date, no known research has been conducted to investigate the prevalence and correlates of burnout among preschool teachers in China. This study examined the level of self-reported burnout and correlates of burnout among Chinese preschool teachers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among1795 preschool teachers in Tianjin, China, during August 2018-October 2018. The validated Chinese version of the 15-item Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to assess burnout. A self-administered questionnaire collected the sociodemographic factors. The psychological factors were collected by the Chinese version of the 20-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Perceived Stress Scale-14. RESULTS: The prevalence of burnout in Chinese preschool teachers was 53.2% (95% CI:51%─56%). Burnout rate was significantly decreased in overweight (P = 0.001, OR = 0.58, 95% CI: 0.42-0.79) and obesity (P = 0.048, OR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.56-1.00) teachers compared with teachers with normal weight. The type of school (P = 0.007, OR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.11-1.91), income satisfaction (P = 0.001, OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.53-0.86), depression (P < 0.001, OR = 3.08, 95% CI: 2.34-4.05) and perceived stress (P < 0.001, OR = 1.15, 95%CI: 1.13-1.18) were significantly associated with burnout. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of burnout among preschool teachers in Tianjin, China, is high. Burnout was significantly associated with BMI, the type of school, income satisfaction, depression and perceived stress among Chinese preschool teachers.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Maestros/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Maestros/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
7.
Br J Nurs ; 29(1): 28-34, 2020 Jan 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917951

RESUMEN

A study was conducted to explore whether fatigue, workload, burnout and the work environment can predict the perceptions of patient safety among critical care nurses in Oman. A cross-sectional predictive design was used. A sample of 270 critical care nurses from the two main hospitals in the country's capital participated, with a response rate of 90%. The negative correlation between fatigue and patient safety culture (r= -0.240) indicates that fatigue has a detrimental effect on nurses' perceptions of safety. There was also a significant relationship between work environment, emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, personal accomplishment and organisational patient safety culture. Regression analysis showed that fatigue, work environment, emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment were predictors for overall patient safety among critical care nurses (R2=0.322, F=6.117, P<0.0001). Working to correct these predictors and identifying other factors that affect the patient safety culture are important for improving and upgrading the patient safety culture in Omani hospitals.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Enfermería de Cuidados Críticos/organización & administración , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Cultura Organizacional , Seguridad del Paciente , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Fatiga/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Omán/epidemiología , Carga de Trabajo , Lugar de Trabajo , Adulto Joven
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18630, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914045

RESUMEN

Work stress and burnout have become important issues. Changes in work patterns frequently, long working hours, and too much pressure among workers in high-tech companies may result in the chronic fatigue symptoms and increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, even leading to sudden death. Changes of heart rate variability (HRV) can be treated as a warning from the autonomic nervous systems and as a long-term monitoring method for chronic disease, for example, cardiovascular diseases and sudden death. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between occupational burnout and HRV.Proportional stratified convenient sampling was performed and in total, 120 individuals participated in this study. Questionnaires and the "occupational burnout inventory" were used to collect biographical and burnout information. A novel wrist physiological monitor was used to measure autonomic nervous system-related data, including HRV, low-frequency (LF) %, high-frequency (HF) %, and LF/HF ratio. Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions were computed using SPSS 17.0 (Chinese version, IBM Corp., New York, NY).The results show that participants who were 20 to 25 years old, work overtime because of onerous personal tasks, had a medical history, and recently felt unwell have higher "personal burnout." "Participants with a graduate degree, with onerous tasks, who were indirect staff, and with a regular-hour job tended to overcommit to their work." Significant associations were found among medical history, recently feeling unwell, and "work-related burnout." There was a positive association between HRV and job seniority. LF%, HF%, and LF/HF ratio were significantly correlated with job category. "Work overcommitment" was related to LF/HF ratio among men. Some items in "personal burnout" and "work overcommitment" were also associated with HRV among women.The findings suggest that the measurement of HRV can be applied in occupational settings to assess burnout. It not only allows administrators to quickly select the colleagues who need health care, but also provides timely and appropriate care, thereby promoting the health of the worker.


Asunto(s)
Sistema Nervioso Autónomo/fisiopatología , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/fisiopatología , Frecuencia Cardíaca/fisiología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Índice de Masa Corporal , Comorbilidad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Estrés Laboral/fisiopatología , Ocupaciones , Proyectos Piloto , Factores Socioeconómicos , Taiwán/epidemiología , Factores de Tiempo , Carga de Trabajo , Adulto Joven
9.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227328, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929546

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships among the following elements: unhealthy work indicators (job stress and emotional exhaustion at work), the decision to drive (or not), and driving crashes suffered by Spanish workers. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, a full sample of 1,200 Spanish drivers (44% women and 56% men) was used, their mean age being 42.8 years. They answered a questionnaire divided into three sections: demographic and driving-related data; burnout, job stress, and life stress; and self-reported road behaviors and driving safety indicators. RESULTS: Overall, 41.6% of drivers reported emotional exhaustion at work. Furthermore, 80.2% of the participants showing substantial signs of job stress or exhaustion had experienced one or more important stressful life events during the previous year. Job stress was associated with the number of driving crashes suffered along the last 3 years. Also, and especially in situations where drivers admit not feeling well enough to drive, job stress and emotional exhaustion seem to be independent from the decision to drive, and from perceiving these variables as potential impairers of driving performance. CONCLUSIONS: First of all, this study showed a high prevalence of job stress and emotional exhaustion symptoms experienced at work by Spanish workers. Moreover, significant relationships were found among self-rated driving performance, workplace stress and burnout indicators, which suggests that job stress and emotional exhaustion levels may, indeed, impair driving performance, but they do not influence the decision to drive or not. In other words, even when they are significantly affected by job stress or emotional exhaustion at work, most Spanish drivers still drive.


Asunto(s)
Conducción de Automóvil/psicología , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estrés Laboral/psicología , Autoinforme , España/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología
10.
BJOG ; 127(5): 600-608, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986555

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore obstetricians' and gynaecologists' experiences of work-related traumatic events, to measure the prevalence and predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), any impacts on personal and professional lives, and any support needs. DESIGN: Mixed methods: cross-sectional survey and in-depth interviews. SAMPLE AND SETTING: Fellows, members and trainees of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). METHODS: A survey was sent to 6300 fellows, members and trainees of RCOG. 1095 people responded. Then 43 in-depth interviews with trauma-exposed participants were completed and analysed by template analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Exposure to traumatic work-related events and PTSD, personal and professional impacts, and whether there was any need for support. Interviews explored the impact of trauma, what helped or hindered psychological recovery, and any assistance wanted. RESULTS: Two-thirds reported exposure to traumatic work-related events. Of these, 18% of both consultants and trainees reported clinically significant PTSD symptoms. Staff of black or minority ethnicity were at increased risk of PTSD. Clinically significant PTSD symptoms were associated with lower job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation. Organisational impacts included sick leave, and 'seriously considering leaving the profession'. 91% wanted a system of care. The culture in obstetrics and gynaecology was identified as a barrier to trauma support. A strategy to manage the impact of work-place trauma is proposed. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to work-related trauma is a feature of the experience of obstetricians and gynaecologists. Some will suffer PTSD with high personal, professional and organisational impacts. A system of care is needed. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: 18% of obstetrics and gynaecology doctors experience post-traumatic stress disorder after traumatic events at work.


Asunto(s)
Ginecología , Obstetricia , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Médicos/psicología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Desgaste por Empatía/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Despersonalización , Femenino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Grupos Minoritarios/psicología , Ausencia por Enfermedad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reino Unido/epidemiología
11.
Postgrad Med ; 132(1): 7-16, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570072

RESUMEN

Primary care physicians (general practitioners (GPs)) are burdened for various reasons and are particularly affected by stress-related complaints and an increasing prevalence of burnout. Thus, the prevention of physician burnout has become a major interest for health care services. Although many studies have addressed this issue in recent years, little seems to be known about the work strain and burnout rates in GP trainees. Therefore the objective of this article is to review the psychosocial burden and relevant prevention strategies for GPs with a special emphasis on GP trainees. Regardless of the specialty, burnout is more prevalent among medical trainees and so-called 'early career' physicians than among the age-matched population. Accordingly, burnout seems to be frequent among GP trainees, although there is some evidence that there are fewer doctors working in general medicine who were already heavily burdened at the time of choosing their career. The sudden assumption of responsibility in patient care as well as the fear of showing imperfection in front of their supervisors, or lack of recognition from senior doctors, the medical team, or patients might be stressors typical to this career stage. GP trainees might also feel burdened by the new level of personal involvement and thus have to develop or increase their individual level of professionality to deal with the patients' medical and personal problems. In conclusion, interventions to promote physical and mental health of GP trainees are a necessity to ensure passionate GPs in the future and should therefore be integrated into any postgraduate training curriculum in general practice.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/etiología , Estrés Laboral/etiología , Médicos de Atención Primaria/psicología , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Humanos , Estrés Laboral/complicaciones , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Médicos de Atención Primaria/educación , Médicos de Atención Primaria/estadística & datos numéricos , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo
13.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 398-404, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1053328

RESUMEN

Objetivo: estimar a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout entre trabalhadores de uma universidade na fronteira franco brasileira e verificar os fatores associados. Método: estudo transversal e descritivo realizado com 53 trabalhadores de uma universidade localizada na fronteira franco brasileira, através de formulários eletrônicos (google docs). Resultados: predomínio do sexo masculino (56,6%), faixa etária de 30 a 39 anos (64,2%), solteiros (47,2%), se declaram pardos (49,1%), especialistas (34%) e sem filhos (75,5%). Destes, 26,4% indivíduos tem a possibilidade de desenvolver a síndrome, 37,8% estão em fase inicial da síndrome, 22,6% a síndrome começa a se instalar e 13,2% estar em uma fase considerável da síndrome, tendo como preditor a variável sexo (p=0,01). Conclusão: nenhum dos entrevistados pontuou na categoria (nenhum indício de Burnout), o que torna preocupante as condições de trabalhos que estão submetidos, sendo imperativo medidas preventivas que retardem ou impossibilitem o adoecimento mental dentre a população investigada


Objective: to estimate the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among university workers at the Brazilian Free Frontier and to verify the associated factors. Method: a cross - sectional and descriptive study carried out with 53 workers from a university located on the Brazilian - Brazilian border, using electronic forms (google docs). Results: male (56.6%), 30 to 39 years old (64.2%), single (47.2%), brown (49.1%), specialists (34%) and without children (75.5%). Of these, 26,4% individuals have the possibility to develop the syndrome, 37,8% are in the initial phase of the syndrome, 22,6% the syndrome begins to settle and 13,2% are in a considerable phase of the syndrome, having as predictor the gender variable (p = 0.01). Conclusion: none of the interviewees scored in the category (no evidence of Burnout), which makes the conditions of work that are submitted worrisome, being imperative preventive measures that delay or prevent mental illness among the population investigated


Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout entre trabajadores de una universidad en la frontera franca brasileña y verificar los factores asociados. Método: estudio transversal y descriptivo realizado con 53 trabajadores de una universidad ubicada en la frontera franca brasileña, a través de formularios electrónicos (google docs). Resultados: predominio del sexo masculino (56,6%), grupo de edad de 30 a 39 años (64,2%), solteros (47,2%), se declaran pardos (49,1%), especialistas (34%), y sin hijos (75,5%). De estos, 26,4% individuos tienen la posibilidad de desarrollar la síndrome, 37,8% están en fase inicial del síndrome, 22,6% a síndrome comienza a instalarse y 13,2% estar en una fase considerable de la síndrome, teniendo como predictor la variable sexo (p = 0,01). Conclusión: ninguno de los entrevistados puntuó en la categoría (ningún indicio de Burnout), lo que hace preocupante las condiciones de trabajos que están sometidos, siendo imperativo medidas preventivas que retarden o imposibiliten el enfermo mental entre la población investigada


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Salud Fronteriza , /prevención & control , Universidades/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Salud Laboral , Guyana Francesa/epidemiología
14.
Pediatrics ; 145(1)2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843859

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the national epidemiology of burnout in pediatric residents. METHODS: We conducted surveys of residents at 34 programs in 2016, 43 programs in 2017, and 49 programs in 2018. Survey items included the Maslach Burnout Inventory, demographics, program characteristics, personal qualities, experiences, and satisfaction with support, work-life balance, and learning environment. Analyses included cross-sectional comparisons and cross-sectional and longitudinal regression. RESULTS: More than 60% of eligible residents participated; burnout rates were >50% in all years and not consistently associated with any demographic or residency characteristics. Cross-sectional associations were significant between burnout and stress, sleepiness, quality of life, mindfulness, self-compassion, empathy, confidence in providing compassionate care (CCC), being on a high-acuity rotation, recent major medical error, recent time off, satisfaction with support and career choice, and attitudes about residency. In cross-sectional logistic regression analyses, 4 factors were associated with an increased risk of burnout: stress, sleepiness, dissatisfaction with work-life balance, and recent medical error; 4 factors were associated with lower risk: empathy, self-compassion, quality of life, and CCC. Longitudinally, after controlling for 2017 burnout and 2018 risk factors (eg, recent error, sleepiness, rotation, and time off), 2017 quality of life was associated with 2018 burnout; 2017 self-compassion was associated with lower 2018 stress; and 2017 mindfulness, empathy, and satisfaction with learning environment and career choice were associated with 2018 CCC. CONCLUSIONS: A majority of residents met burnout criteria. Several identified factors (eg, stress, sleepiness, medical errors, empathy, CCC, and self-compassion) suggest targets for interventions to reduce burnout in future studies.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Internado y Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Pediatría/estadística & datos numéricos , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/diagnóstico , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Empatía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Errores Médicos , Atención Plena , Calidad de Vida , Autoimagen , Somnolencia , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología
15.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3192, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826153

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the burnout dimensions scores in Brazilian and Spanish nursing workers. METHOD: quantitative, cross-sectional and comparative study conducted with 589 Nursing workers who answered the Sociodemographic and Professional Characterization Questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Descriptive and analytical analysis of the data was performed. RESULTS: Spanish Nursing workers presented higher averages in the Depersonalization dimension (p = 0.004) and Brazilians, higher scores in the Professional Achievement dimension (p = 0.031). In both Spain and Brazil, nursing assistants / technicians were found to have higher Emotional Exhaustion than nurses; In Brazil, Depersonalization is higher in nurses and in Spain it is higher in Nursing assistants / technicians. Statistically significant results were found in the association of burnout dimensions with sociodemographic and work characteristics: age; professional category; workplace; work regime; work shift; time of professional experience; working time in the same workplace and consider stressful work. CONCLUSION: Although Brazilian and Spanish nursing workers score low levels of Depersonalization and high Professional Achievement, there are average levels of Emotional Exhaustion, indicating an important preventive factor to be worked on, since Emotional Exhaustion is considered the first stage of burnout.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Asistentes de Enfermería/psicología , Personal de Enfermería/psicología , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Asistentes de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Personal de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedades Profesionales/epidemiología , Factores Socioeconómicos , España/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Lugar de Trabajo
16.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 35(3): 183-193, dic. 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-188136

RESUMEN

In three studies we examined, from an attachment perspective, the utility and the validity of a scale assessing followers' perceptions of leaders as security providers (LSPS). Based on the literature, we designed a 15-item scale tapping the five functions of a security-enhancing attachment figure (secure base, safe haven, proximity seeking, emotional ties, and separation distress) within organizational contexts. The scale showed acceptable reliability and a one-factor structure in all the studies. In Study 1 (N = 237), the LSPS was positively associated with transformational leadership and inversely associated with passive-avoidant leadership. Moreover, employees' perceptions of their leader as a security provider made a unique contribution to their satisfaction with the manager and perception of the manager's efficacy. In Study 2 (N = 263), the LSPS was positively associated with authentic leadership. Employees' ratings of their leader on the LSPS were positively associated with employees' organizational identification, work engagement, and work satisfaction. In Study 3 (N = 263), we found that employees' perceptions of their leader as a security provider had a protective effect on their job burnout. The findings indicate that research on the follower-leader relationship can benefit from the adoption of an attachment perspective


A través de tres estudios examinamos desde una perspectiva basada en la teoría del apego la utilidad y la validez de una escala que mide la percepción que los seguidores tienen de sus líderes como proveedores de seguridad LSPS. Con base en estudios previos, se diseñó una escala de 15 elementos que cubrían las cinco funciones de la figura de apego que aumenta la seguridad (base segura, puerto seguro, búsqueda de proximidad, lazos emocionales y malestar por la separación) en contextos organizativos. En todos los estudios la escala mostraba una fiabilidad aceptable y una estructura unifactorial. En el estudio 1 (N = 237), se encontró que las puntuaciones en la escala LSPS estaban positivamente relacionadas con el liderazgo transformacional y negativamente con el liderazgo pasivo-evitador. En el estudio 2 (N = 263), se encontró que la escala LSPS estaba positivamente relacionada con el liderazgo auténtico y con la identificación organizacional, la implicación en el trabajo y la satisfacción en el trabajo de los empleados. Finalmente, en el estudio 3 (N = 263) se encontró que las percepciones de los empleados de su líder como proveedor de seguridad tenían un efecto protector sobre el burnout. Estos hallazgos en su conjunto indican que la investigación de las relaciones entre líderes y seguidores puede beneficiarse si se adopta una perspectiva basada en el apego


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Liderazgo , Administración de la Seguridad/organización & administración , Proveedores de Redes de Seguridad/organización & administración , Compromiso Laboral , Agotamiento Profesional/prevención & control , Relaciones Laborales , Procesos de Grupo , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Autoinforme/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/estadística & datos numéricos
17.
Rev. Asoc. Esp. Espec. Med. Trab ; 28(4): 254-267, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-187673

RESUMEN

Se realiza un estudio en las empresas PYMES en Zaragoza (provincia), analizando el nivel de estrés de cada sector, analizando los factores estresores para tomar posteriormente actuaciones preventivas adecuadas y ser un trabajo útil para el futuro. Para esta Investigacion se ha obtenido una muestra representativa de 164 trabajadores de PYMES, distribuidas en diferentes sectores de actividad (Energía y agua (1), Agricultura (2), Construcción (23), Industria (7) y Servicios (131)), a los que se les ha pasado el Cuestionario de estrés laboral (OIT-OMS) y 2-Cuestionario de salud de Golbert (GHQ-12). El análisis estadístico se ha dividido en dos partes fundamentalmente, análisis descriptivo e inferencial, para analizar el nivel de estrés, profundizando que tipo de estrés existe cada sector y en global. Dada la repercusión que el estrés tiene en la relación con alta tasa de absentismo y siniestralidad puede ser útil para determinar las áreas más afectadas y planificar medidas preventivas


A study is carried out in the PYMES companies in Zaragoza (province), analyzing the stress level of each sector, analyzing the stressors to subsequently take appropriate preventive actions and be a useful job for the future. For this research we have obtained a representative sample of 164 PYMES workers, distributed in different sectors of activity (Energy and water (1), Agriculture (2), Construction (23), Industry (7) and Services (131)), who have passed the Work Stress Questionnaire (ILO-WHO) and 2-Golbert Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). The statistical analysis has been divided in two parts fundamentally, descriptive and inferential analysis, to analyze the level of stress, deepening what type of stress exists in each sector and globally. Given the repercussion that stress has on the relationship with high rate of absenteeism and accidents, it can be useful to determine the most affected areas and plan preventive measures


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Absentismo , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Ocupaciones/clasificación , Ocupaciones/estadística & datos numéricos , España/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842330

RESUMEN

While farmers in several countries worldwide are reported to be at higher risk for poor mental health outcomes like chronic stress, depression, and anxiety, there is a paucity of research on burnout in farmers. This cross-sectional study used an online survey administered between September 2015 and February 2016 to investigate burnout (as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS)) amongst farmers in Canada. The specific objectives were to measure the three components of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy), and to explore potential associated risk factors, as well as to determine the prevalence of the different burnout profiles (engaged, ineffective, overextended, disengaged, and burnout). MBI-GS results were obtained from 1075 farmers. Approximately 70% of the study sample identified as male and 30% as female, and participants were from a variety of farming commodities. Scores for exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy were all higher than international norms. While 43% of participants were classified as engaged, 44% were classified in the ineffective, overextended, or disengaged profiles (i.e., intermediate profiles on the engagement - burnout continuum), and 12% were classified in the burnout profile. Risk factor results highlighted the positive effects of farmer support from spouse/romantic partner, friends, and industry. Overall, the results from this study demonstrate cause for concern with respect to farmer burnout, suggest potential avenues for intervention, and serve as a call to action to better support farmers in Canada.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agricultores/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Agricultura , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Canadá/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
19.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226506, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860673

RESUMEN

Workplace bullying experienced by clinical nurses is associated with burnout, a factor that threatens the quality of nursing care and patient safety. This study examined the association of workplace bullying with burnout, professional quality of life, and turnover intention among clinical nurses. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using a structured questionnaire. Data were collected from 324 nurses and were analyzed using t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and multiple regression. Controlling for the general characteristics of the participants, workplace bullying had a significant association with emotional exhaustion (B = 0.29, p < 0.01) and depersonalization (B = 0.15, p < 0.01) among the subdomains of burnout, compassion fatigue among the components of professional quality of life (B = 0.15, p < 0.01), and turnover intention (B = 0.05, p < 0.01). Thus, preventing workplace bullying is important to reduce clinical nurses' burnout and turnover. The role of nursing leadership is crucial to develop interventions that reduce workplace bullying and successfully create a professional, nurturing, and supportive work culture.


Asunto(s)
Acoso Escolar/psicología , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Desgaste por Empatía/epidemiología , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Reorganización del Personal/estadística & datos numéricos , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Desgaste por Empatía/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Análisis de Regresión , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 22, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762891

RESUMEN

Introduction: Occupational burnout is a psychological syndrome caused by the accumulation of work-related stress and characterized by intolerance, high levels of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and the perception of low personal accomplishment. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between occupational burnout and all demographic variables among the nurses in Jahrom, Iran. Methods: The present descriptive-analytical study was carried out during 2016 among nurses employed at Motahari Hospital and Peymanieh Hospital, both affiliated to Jahrom University of Medical Sciences (Iran). Based on the inclusion criteria, a total of 250 participants were selected. The data collection instruments included a demographic questionnaire and the Maslach burnout inventory. The data were analyzed using the SPSS statistical software (version 16.0) by descriptive statistics and Spearman's test. Results: Among the participants, 223(89.2%) nurses suffered from a moderate to high level of occupational burnout. There was a significant correlation between personal accomplishment and age (r=0.21, P=0.002) and education level (r=-0.16, P=0.01). Additionally, income level had a significant correlation with emotional exhaustion (r=-0.38, P=0.001), depersonalization (r=-0.3, P=0.001), and personal accomplishment (r=0.35, P=0.001). A significant relationship was also found between sex and depersonalization (r=-0.15, P=0.02). However, there was no significant relationship between occupational burnout subscales and the number of children, type of hospital ward, type of employment, and marital status (P>0.05). Conclusion: A significant positive correlation was found between the subscales of occupational burnout and younger age, low income, high education, and male nurses.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Despersonalización/psicología , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Renta/estadística & datos numéricos , Irán , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores Sexuales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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