Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 14.039
Filtrar
1.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-47556

RESUMEN

A Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp) desenvolve pesquisa com o objetivo de avaliar como o nível de atividade física antes e durante o distanciamento social, implementados como combate à propagação da covid-19, associa-se com a saúde mental das pessoas em confinamento.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Aislamiento Social , Salud Mental
2.
Recurso de Internet en Español | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-47527

RESUMEN

Sitio web del Ministerio de Salud, con información actualizada sobre el Coronavirus COVID-19 (legislación social y preventiva, qué medidas está tomando el gobierno, qué podemos hacer para cuidarlo, preguntas frecuentes y mucho más


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Aislamiento Social , Estrategias de eSalud
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397515

RESUMEN

In the early stages of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, containment of disease importation from epidemic areas was essential for outbreak control. This study is based on publicly accessible data on confirmed COVID-19 cases in Taiwan extracted from the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control website. We analysed the characteristics, infection source, symptom presentation, and route of identification of the 321 imported cases that were identified from 21 January to 6 April 2020. They were mostly returned Taiwanese citizens who had travelled to one or more of 37 countries for tourism, business, work, or study. Half of these cases developed symptoms before arrival, most of the remainder developed symptoms 1-13 days (mean 4.0 days) after arrival, and 3.4% never developed symptoms. Three-quarters of the cases had respiratory symptoms, 44.9% had fever, 13.1% lost smell or taste, and 7.2% had diarrhoea. Body temperature and symptom screening at airports identified 32.7% of the cases. Of the remainder, 27.7% were identified during home quarantining, 16.2% were identified via contact tracing, and 23.4% were reported by hospitals. Under the strict enforcement of these measures, the incidence of locally acquired COVID-19 cases in Taiwan remains sporadic. In conclusion, proactive border control measures are effective for preventing community transmission of this disease.


Asunto(s)
Trazado de Contacto , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Coronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Fiebre de Origen Desconocido/diagnóstico , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Neumonía Viral , Viaje , Aeropuertos , Infecciones Asintomáticas , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Brotes de Enfermedades/prevención & control , Humanos , Incidencia , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Vigilancia de la Población , Cuarentena , Vigilancia de Guardia , Aislamiento Social , Taiwán/epidemiología , Medicina del Viajero
5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(5): 1575-1586, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402018

RESUMEN

This study aimed to evaluate the behavioral aspects and beliefs of the population of Ceará in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. An online questionnaire was conducted on sociodemographic aspects and opinions related to the pandemic. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated, the association between variables was performed with Chi-square, and the level of significance was 5%. The final sample had 2,259 participants, and an association was observed between females and perceiving themselves with a high risk of infection (p = 0.044) and males with non-performance of voluntary quarantine (p < 0.001). People aged 80 years and over were partially quarantined due to the flow of people at home (p < 0.001). Participants with elementary school education had a lower risk of infection than participants with a higher level of education (p < 0.001). This group includes people who did voluntary quarantine the least (p < 0.001). Participants living in the inland region of the state had less direct contact with someone tested positive for the Coronavirus (p = 0.031) and are less reclusive (p < 0.001). We can conclude that the approach to the COVID-19 pandemic varies by social aspects, such as gender, age, education, and place of residence, as well as the belief system of the population of the State of Ceará.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Betacoronavirus , Brasil/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Salud Pública , Cuarentena , Aislamiento Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Sobrevida
7.
Maturitas ; 136: 38-41, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386664

RESUMEN

The zoonotic virus now named SARS-CoV-2 first infected humans in China, and COVID-19 has rapidly become pandemic. To mitigate its impact on societies, health systems and economies, countries have adopted non-pharmacological preventive practices such as 'spatial' or 'social' distancing, the use of protective masks, and handwashing; these have been widely implemented. However, measures aimed at protecting physical health and healthcare systems have side-effects that might have a big impact on individuals' wellbeing. As the pandemic reaches low- and middle-income countries, weaker health systems, limited resources and the lower socioeconomic status of their populations make halting the pandemic more challenging. In this article, we explore the impact of COVID-19 and its prevention measures on the wellbeing of vulnerable populations. Special attention must be given to homeless, indigenous, migrant and imprisoned populations, as well as people living with disabilities and the elderly. More than just resolute governmental action will be required to overcome the pandemic. Links between science and political actions have to be strengthened. Fighting COVID-19 is a collective endeavour and community action, on a global scale, is of paramount importance.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Prioridades en Salud , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Anciano , Países en Desarrollo , Humanos , Salud Mental , Aislamiento Social/psicología , Poblaciones Vulnerables
10.
BMC Med ; 18(1): 124, 2020 05 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375776

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To mitigate and slow the spread of COVID-19, many countries have adopted unprecedented physical distancing policies, including the UK. We evaluate whether these measures might be sufficient to control the epidemic by estimating their impact on the reproduction number (R0, the average number of secondary cases generated per case). METHODS: We asked a representative sample of UK adults about their contact patterns on the previous day. The questionnaire was conducted online via email recruitment and documents the age and location of contacts and a measure of their intimacy (whether physical contact was made or not). In addition, we asked about adherence to different physical distancing measures. The first surveys were sent on Tuesday, 24 March, 1 day after a "lockdown" was implemented across the UK. We compared measured contact patterns during the "lockdown" to patterns of social contact made during a non-epidemic period. By comparing these, we estimated the change in reproduction number as a consequence of the physical distancing measures imposed. We used a meta-analysis of published estimates to inform our estimates of the reproduction number before interventions were put in place. RESULTS: We found a 74% reduction in the average daily number of contacts observed per participant (from 10.8 to 2.8). This would be sufficient to reduce R0 from 2.6 prior to lockdown to 0.62 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.37-0.89) after the lockdown, based on all types of contact and 0.37 (95% CI = 0.22-0.53) for physical (skin to skin) contacts only. CONCLUSIONS: The physical distancing measures adopted by the UK public have substantially reduced contact levels and will likely lead to a substantial impact and a decline in cases in the coming weeks. However, this projected decline in incidence will not occur immediately as there are significant delays between infection, the onset of symptomatic disease, and hospitalisation, as well as further delays to these events being reported. Tracking behavioural change can give a more rapid assessment of the impact of physical distancing measures than routine epidemiological surveillance.


Asunto(s)
Número Básico de Reproducción , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Epidemias/prevención & control , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Aislamiento Social , Actividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Trazado de Contacto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Política de Salud , Humanos , Incidencia , Relaciones Interpersonales , Modelos Teóricos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reino Unido/epidemiología
12.
Indian J Med Ethics ; V(2): 95-98, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393451

RESUMEN

I live in New York City, identified as the epicenter of the Covid-19 pandemic. My view differs from that of many of the millions living in this large metropolitan area who are poor. I am not rich, but I am privileged: I have a retirement income for which I have saved all my working life and I have no debts. I am isolated in my apartment having food delivered. But what if I require hospitalization, from Covid-19 or another medical condition? New York State has guidelines for allocation of scarce ventilators in times of scarcity. The guidelines reject advanced age as a criterion for triage because it discriminates against the elderly. Other proposals contend that priority should be given to those who have not yet ;lived a full life. Allocation guidelines set a priority on saving the most lives, but hard choices remain within that broadly defined goal. Key words: Covid-19 pandemic, New York epicenter, resource allocation, age-based selection, shortage of ventilators, triage committee.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Asignación de Recursos , Aislamiento Social , Betacoronavirus , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Humanos , Ciudad de Nueva York
13.
Indian J Med Ethics ; V(2): 1-3, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393453

RESUMEN

The lockdown of the country, imposed by the government of India, has resulted in additional suffering for the poor without any tangible benefit. The germ theory of disease is an important contribution to human welfare. However, disease has social determinants. Responses to infectious epidemics should be based on social conditions, not only from considerations of equity, but also because they are important for success. Advice from the World Health Organisation has to be tailored to the social realities in India. Current response by the government of India has confined the poor to ghettos. They have lost the means of livelihood without a proper social security net. It is not possible for them to practise social distancing or proper hygiene. The lockdown has the effect of making conditions worse for the poor. Keywords: Covid-19 pandemic, resource allocation, social origins of disease, unplanned lockdown, diversion of resources, lack of social security.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Pobreza , Cuarentena , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/economía , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , India/epidemiología , Pandemias/economía , Neumonía Viral/economía , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Aislamiento Social , Poblaciones Vulnerables
14.
Ann Fam Med ; 18(3): 272-277, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393566

RESUMEN

In light of concerns over the potential detrimental effects of declining care continuity, and the need for connection between patients and health care providers, our multidisciplinary group considered the possible ways that relationships might be developed in different kinds of health care encounters.We were surprised to discover many avenues to invest in relationships, even in non-continuity consultations, and how meaningful human connections might be developed even in telehealth visits. Opportunities range from the quality of attention or the structure of the time during the visit, to supporting relationship development in how care is organized at the local or system level and in the use of digital encounters. These ways of investing in relationships can exhibit different manifestations and emphases during different kinds of visits, but most are available during all kinds of encounters.Recognizing and supporting the many ways of investing in relationships has great potential to create a positive sea change in a health care system that currently feels fragmented and depersonalized to both patients and health care clinicians.The current COVID-19 pandemic is full of opportunity to use remote communication to develop healing human relationships. What we need in a pandemic is not social distancing, but physical distancing with social connectedness.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Atención Primaria de Salud/organización & administración , Aislamiento Social , Telemedicina , Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control
15.
Br J Community Nurs ; 25(5): 231-238, 2020 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378460

RESUMEN

It is impossible to predict or comprehend the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The UK Government's advice for vulnerable people, including older adults, to move towards self-isolation and social distancing is likely to reduce rates of transmission, the risk of severe illness and the impact on the acute health services. Although justified and necessary, this process of isolation is likely to have a negative impact on the mental health of these vulnerable groups, especially older people. It will become increasingly important for community health professionals to assess subtle changes in older persons' mental health, as the duration of this period of isolation remains unclear. The biopsychopharmacosocial model provides one method of assessing mental health and planning health and social care needs. This article hopes to guide community health professionals through the specifics of this assessment model in relation to the growing COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Aislamiento Social/psicología , Anciano , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Reino Unido/epidemiología
16.
Cad Saude Publica ; 36(5): e00084420, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428075

RESUMEN

Considering numerical simulations, this study shows that the so-called vertical social distancing health policy is ineffective to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. We present the SEIR-Net model, for a network of social group interactions, as a development of the classic mathematical model of SEIR epidemics (Susceptible-Exposed-Infected (symptomatic and asymptomatic)-Removed). In the SEIR-Net model, we can simulate social contacts between groups divided by age groups and analyze different strategies of social distancing. In the vertical distancing policy, only older people are distanced, whereas in the horizontal distancing policy all age groups adhere to social distancing. These two scenarios are compared to a control scenario in which no intervention is made to distance people. The vertical distancing scenario is almost as bad as the control, both in terms of people infected and in the acceleration of cases. On the other hand, horizontal distancing, if applied with the same intensity in all age groups, significantly reduces the total infected people "flattening the disease growth curve". Our analysis considers the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, but similar conclusions apply to other cities as well. Code implementation of the model in R-language is provided in the supplementary material.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Cuarentena/métodos , Distancia Social , Aislamiento Social , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Modelos Estadísticos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología
17.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233329, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437377

RESUMEN

Italy was one of the first European countries affected by the new coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, with over 105,000 infected people and close to 13,000 deaths, until March 31st. The pandemic has hit especially hard because of the country's demographic structure, with a high percentage of older adults. The authors explore the possibility, recently aired in some studies, of extensive intergenerational contact as a possible determinant of the severity of the pandemic among the older Italian adults. We analyzed several variables to test this hypothesis, such as the percentage of infected patients aged >80 years, available nursing home beds, COVID-19 incidence rate, and the number of days from when the number of positive tests exceeded 50 (epidemic maturity). We also included in the analysis mean household size and percentage of households comprising one person, in the region. Paradoxically, the results are opposite of what was previously reported. The pandemic was more severe in regions with higher family fragmentation and increased availability of residential health facilities.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Composición Familiar , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Conducta Social , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Betacoronavirus , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Casas de Salud , Pandemias , Aislamiento Social
20.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 318(6): H1441-H1446, 2020 06 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412779

RESUMEN

Emerging data indicate a substantial decrease in global physical activity levels during the period of social isolation adopted worldwide to contain the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Confinement-induced decreases in physical activity levels and increases in sedentary behavior may provoke a rapid deterioration of cardiovascular health and premature deaths among populations with increased cardiovascular risk. Even short-term (1-4 wk) inactivity has been linked with detrimental effects in cardiovascular function and structure and increased cardiovascular risk factors. In this unprecedented and critical scenario, home-based physical activity programs arise as a clinically relevant intervention to promote health benefits to cardiac patients. Many studies have demonstrated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of different models of home-based exercise programs in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases and major cardiovascular events among different populations. This body of knowledge can inform evidence-based policies to be urgently implemented to counteract the impact of increased physical inactivity and sedentary behavior during the COVID-19 outbreak, thereby alleviating the global burden of cardiovascular disease.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Conducta Sedentaria , Aislamiento Social , Costo de Enfermedad , Salud Global , Humanos , Pandemias
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA