Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.972
Filtrar
1.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 26(2): e2119378, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950082

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether separating the alignment and leveling phases can reduce proclination of the mandibular incisors. METHODS: Eligibility criteria included Class I subjects with an irregularity index of 3-5 mm, 3-4 mm curve-of-Spee (COS), and non-extraction treatment. Thirty adults were randomly allocated into two groups: (1) Control group was leveled and aligned simultaneously with flat archwires progressively to 0.016x0.022-in stainless-steel; (2) Experimental group was aligned first with 0.014-in-superelastic NiTi with mild accentuated COS, then leveled using 0.016x0.022-in beta-titanium accentuated COS archwires and gradually reduced the curve until flat. Mandibular incisor position and inclination were evaluated by cephalometric analysis. COS and irregularity index were evaluated in study models. Assessment was conducted twice after 0.016-in NiTi and after 0.016x0.022-in stainless-steel archwire placements. Dental changes from cephalograms and models were compared within group using paired t-test and between groups using independent t-test. RESULTS: Control group: Round-wire-phase, mandibular incisors tipped labially (4.38° and 1 mm) with intrusion (-1.13 mm); Rectangular-wire-phase, mandibular incisors further intruded and proclined (-0.63 mm and 1.38°). Experimental group: During aligning with round accentuated COS archwires, mandibular incisors tipped very slightly labially (0.75° and 0.50 mm) with no significant intrusion; during leveling with rectangular archwires, incisors majorly intruded (1.75 mm) with slight proclination (1.81°). The experimental group had significant less incisor proclination (control: 5.76°, experimental: 2.56°) with more incisor intrusion (control: -1.75 mm, experimental: -2.13 mm). The COS in experimental group showed significant greater reduction (-2.88 mm) than that of the control group (-1.69 mm). CONCLUSION: In control group, mandibular incisor proclination was markedly observed in round archwires, with further proclination caused by rectangular archwires. In experimental group, minimal proclination was exhibited when accentuated COS round archwires were used for aligning. Leveling with rectangular archwires caused less proclination with more COS reduction.


Asunto(s)
Incisivo , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Cefalometría , Mandíbula , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Acero Inoxidable
2.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 26(2): e212020, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950083

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: After debonding, white spot may appear on the area below the bracket, which is the early clinical sign of carious lesion. There is increased caries risk underneath and adjacent to orthodontic bands and brackets, which call for maximum use of caries preventive procedures using various fluoride application methods. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate alterations in the mechanical properties (modulus of elasticity and yield strength) in loading and unloading phases for different orthodontic archwires (nickel-titanium [NiTi] and copper-nickel-titanium [CuNiTi]) when exposed routinely to fluoride prophylactic agents for a predetermined period of time. METHODS: Preformed rectangular NiTi and CuNiTi wires were immersed in fluoride solution and artificial saliva (control) for 90 minutes at 37ºC. After immersion, specimens were tested using a 3-point bend test on a universal testing machine. RESULTS: There is a significant reduction in the unloading yield strength when the NiTi and CuNiTi wires were exposed to APF gel. CONCLUSION: The result suggests that use of topical fluoride agents affect the mechanical properties of the wires, leading to increase in treatment duration. Fluoride prophylactic agents must be used with caution in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Injudicious use of these agents may cause corrosive effects on the orthodontic wire surfaces, with alteration in their mechanical properties.


Asunto(s)
Níquel , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Cobre , Aleaciones Dentales , Fluoruros , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Níquel/efectos adversos , Propiedades de Superficie , Titanio
3.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(5): 660-665, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714568

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate in vitro and in vivo bacterial endotoxin (LPS) adhesion in polyurethane and silicone esthetic elastomeric orthodontic ligatures. The null hypotheses tested were: (1) there is no LPS adhesion in esthetic elastomeric orthodontic ligatures; and (2) there is no difference in the LPS adhesion between different brands of these ligatures. METHODS: For the in vitro study, 4 types of esthetic elastomeric ligatures were used (Sani-Ties and Sili-Ties [Dentsply GAC, Islandia, NY;] and Mini Single Case Ligature Stick and Synergy low-friction ligatures [Rocky Mountain Orthodontics, Denver, Colo]), contaminated or not with endotoxin solution. Replicas of twisted wire and cast stainless steel ligatures were used as control. For the in vivo study, 10 male and 10 female patients, aged 15-30 years, received the same 4 types of ligatures, 1 of each inserted in the maxillary and mandibular canines, randomly. Twenty-one days later, the ligatures were removed, and endotoxin quantification was performed using the Limulus amebocyte lysate test. Data were analyzed (α = 0.05) using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's posttest or analysis of variance and Tukey's posttest. RESULTS: GAC silicone group had the lowest median contamination (1.15 endotoxin units/mL; P <0.0001) in vitro. In the in vivo study, the GAC silicone group had the lowest mean contamination (0.577 endotoxin units/mL; P <0.001). In both studies, the other groups did not present a significant difference when compared with each other (P >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LPS exhibited an affinity for all the tested polyurethane and silicone elastomeric ligatures. GAC silicone ligatures presented with lower amounts of LPS attached to their surfaces. Thus, both null hypotheses were rejected.


Asunto(s)
Soportes Ortodóncicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Elastómeros , Endotoxinas , Estética Dental , Femenino , Fricción , Humanos , Masculino , Ensayo de Materiales , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Acero Inoxidable , Adulto Joven
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 87, 2021 02 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632190

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare the biomechanical effects of the conventional 0.019 × 0.025-in stainless steel archwire with the dual-section archwire when en-masse retraction is performed with sliding mechanics and skeletal anchorage. METHODS: Models of maxillary dentition equipped with the 0.019 × 0.025-in archwire and the dual-section archwire, whose anterior portion is 0.021 × 0.025-in and posterior portion is 0.018 × 0.025-in were constructed. Then, long-term tooth movement during en-masse retraction was simulated using the finite element method. Power arms of 8, 10, 12 and 14 mm length were employed to control anterior torque, and retraction forces of 2 N were applied with a direct skeletal anchorage. RESULTS: For achieving bodily movement of the incisors, power arms longer than 14 mm were required for the 0.019 × 0.025-in archwire, while between 8 and 10 mm for the dual-section archwire. The longer the power arms, the greater the counter-clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane was produced. Frictional resistance generated between the archwire and brackets and tubes on the posterior teeth was smaller than 5% of the retraction force of 2 N. CONCLUSIONS: The use of dual-section archwire might bring some biomechanical advantages as it allows to apply retraction force at a considerable lower height, and with a reduced occlusal plane rotation, compared to the conventional archwire. Clinical studies are needed to confirm the present results.


Asunto(s)
Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
5.
Orthod Fr ; 91(4): 303-321, 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355535

RESUMEN

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare self-ligating brackets (SLBs) considered as a whole to conventional brackets (CBs). An electronic search was performed in three databases (PubMed, MEDLINE via Web of Science, Cochrane Library) from their origin up to June 2017. Additional articles were hand searched from January 2006 to June 2017. This meta-analysis was restricted to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and split mouth design studies (SMDs). No distinction was made between active and passive SLBs. The following variables were investigated : treatment duration, number of visits, alignment rate, rate of space closure, perception of discomfort during the initial phase of treatment, pain experience during wire insertion or removal, bond failure rate, time to ligate in or to untie an archwire, periodontal indices, occlusal outcomes, transverse arch dimensional changes and root resorption. 25 RCTs and 9 SMDs were finally selected. It was more painful to insert or remove a 0.019× 0.025 SS archwire in/from SLBs. It was significantly quicker to insert or remove an archwire from SLBs. There was less bleeding on probing with SLBs 4 or 5 weeks after bonding. All other variables did not exhibit any significant difference between SLBs and CBs. Out of the 31 comparisons between self-ligating and conventional brackets, 9 only revealed statistically significant differences. This meta-analysis contradicts most of the promotional statements put forward by the distributors.


Asunto(s)
Soportes Ortodóncicos , Resorción Radicular , Cara , Humanos , Boca , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Alambres para Ortodoncia
6.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(6): 451-458, 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378466

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The surface roughness of various orthodontic materials could affect biofilm formation and friction. The purpose of this study was to examine the surface roughness and chemical composition of the slots and wings of several ceramic self-ligating brackets. STUDY DESIGN: Four types of ceramic self-ligating brackets were separated into experimental groups (DC, EC, IC, and QK) while a metal self-ligating bracket (EM) was used as the control group. Atomic force microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscope were used to examine the surface roughness and chemical composition of each bracket slot and wing. RESULTS: The control group was made of ferrum and chrome while all the experimental groups were comprised of aluminum and oxide. There was a statistically significant difference in the roughness average (Sa) among the various self-ligating brackets (p< 0.001 in slots and p<0.01 in the wing). The slots in the EC group had the lowest Sa, followed by the DC, IC, control, and QK groups. The wings in the IC group had the lowest Sa, followed by the EC, DC, control, and QK groups. CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant difference in the surface roughness of the slots and wings among several types of ceramic self-ligating brackets.


Asunto(s)
Soportes Ortodóncicos , Biopelículas , Cerámica , Aleaciones Dentales , Fricción , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Acero Inoxidable , Propiedades de Superficie
7.
Angle Orthod ; 90(5): 634-639, 2020 09 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378478

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of micro-osteoperforation (MOP) on the space closure rate using passive self-ligating or conventional brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a two-arm parallel randomized controlled trial undertaken at the outpatient department of a dental college. There were 60 participants (30 women and 30 men) who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Both the study and control groups were subjected to MOPs throughout the period of space closure. MOPs were repeated every 28 days. The experimental group (mean age 19.5 ± 1.66 years) was bonded with passive self-ligating brackets while the control group (mean age 19.9 ± 1.13 years) was bonded with conventional brackets. Both groups were examined and compared for rate of space closure. An evaluation was conducted for both groups until the entire extraction space was closed and confirmed by evaluation of a tight contact between the canine and the second premolar using a piece of dental floss. RESULTS: Before the initiation of retraction, all initial criteria were similar between the two groups (P > .05). No difference was observed between the two groups in the rate of space closure (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: MOP in conjunction with passive self-ligation does not increase the rate of orthodontic space closure when compared with MOP used with conventional brackets.


Asunto(s)
Soportes Ortodóncicos , Cierre del Espacio Ortodóncico , Adolescente , Adulto , Diente Premolar/cirugía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Aparatos Ortodóncicos Fijos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Adulto Joven
8.
Angle Orthod ; 90(5): 688-694, 2020 09 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378485

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the biomechanics of straight labial, straight lingual, and mushroom lingual archwire systems when used in posterior arch expansion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electro-mechanical orthodontic simulator allowing for buccal-lingual and vertical displacements of individual teeth and three-dimensional force/moment measurements was instrumented with anatomically shaped teeth for the maxillary arch. In-Ovation L brackets were bonded to lingual surfaces, and Carriere SLX brackets were bonded to labial surfaces to ensure consistency of slot dimensions. Titanium molybdenum archwires were bent to an ideal arch form, and the teeth on the orthodontic simulator were set to a passive position. Posterior teeth from the canine to second molar were moved lingually to replicate a constricted arch. From the constricted position, the posterior teeth were simultaneously moved until the expansive force decreased below 0.2 N. Initial force/moment systems and the amount of predicted expansion were compared for posterior teeth at a significance level of α = 0.05. RESULTS: Archwire type affected both the expected expansion and initial force/moment systems produced in the constricted position. In general, the lingual systems produced the most expansion. The archwire systems were not able to return the teeth to their ideal position, with the closest system reaching 41% of the intended expansion. CONCLUSIONS: In general, lingual systems were able to produce greater expansion in the posterior regions when compared with labial systems. However, less than half of the intended arch expansion was achieved with all systems tested.


Asunto(s)
Soportes Ortodóncicos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Incisivo , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
9.
Angle Orthod ; 90(6): 801-810, 2020 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378514

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the mechanical environment for three fixed appliances designed to retract the lower anterior segment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cone-beam computed tomography scan provided three-dimensional morphology to construct finite element models for three common methods of lower anterior retraction into first premolar extraction spaces: (1) canine retraction with a T-loop, (2) en-masse space closure with the power-arm on the canine bracket (PAB), and (3) power-arm directly attached to the archwire mesial to the canine (PAW). Half of the symmetric mandibular arch was modeled as a linear, isotropic composite material containing five teeth: central incisors (L1), lateral incisor (L2), canine (L3), second premolar (L4), and first molar (L5). Bonded brackets had 0.022-in slots. Archwire and power-arm components were 0.016 × 0.022 in. An initial retraction force of 125 cN was used for all three appliances. Displacements were calculated. Periodontal ligament (PDL) stresses and distributions were calculated for four invariants: maximum principal, minimum principal, von Mises, and dilatational stresses. RESULTS: The PDL stress distributions for the four invariants corresponded to the displacement patterns for each appliance. T-loop tipped the canine(s) and incisors distally. PAB rotated L3 distal in, intruded L2, and extruded L1. PAW distorted the archwire resulting in L3 extrusion as well as lingual tipping of L1 and L2. Maximum stress levels in the PDL were up to 5× greater for the PAW than the T-loop and PAB methods. CONCLUSIONS: T-loop of this type is more predictable because power-arms can have rotational and archwire distortion effects that result in undesirable paths of tooth movement.


Asunto(s)
Incisivo , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Diente Premolar , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Diente Canino/diagnóstico por imagen , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Estrés Mecánico
10.
Head Face Med ; 16(1): 32, 2020 Nov 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243257

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Multiloop Edgewise Archwire (MEAW) appliance is an orthodontic treatment method suitable for the therapy of severe types of malocclusions such as open bites or anterior crossbites. The cephalometric Denture Frame Analysis (DFA) provides a supportive diagnostic tool for patient-specific treatment planning concerning the rearrangement of occlusion within the "denture frame". The objective of this study is to give a comprehensive overview of the national and international scientific literature about MEAW and DFA regarding the general therapeutic effects, advantages and limitations. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A computerized literature search was performed using four principal medical databases (PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and supplemented by manual searching of the references listed in the retrieved articles. The results were screened and assessed following the PRISMA guidelines. RESULTS: Six hundred seventy-seven full articles were assessed for eligibility. A number of 134 articles went through qualitative analysis and 3 studies were finally involved in comparative synopsis. The findings reveal advantageous characteristics of the MEAW technique such as a high degree of three-dimensional individual tooth control and a comparatively low load deflection rate, causing mostly dentoalveolar changes without significantly influencing the skeletal structures. CONCLUSION: Based on current literature, the MEAW technique appears to have several therapeutic benefits and serves as a sufficient alternative treatment method for dentoalveolar compensation, when measures of orthognathic surgery are rejected. Concerning the deficient data basis of available literature and the low level of scientific evidence, further studies are required in order to expand on the knowledge in this subject area. Several aspects like the effectiveness or the long-term stability have to be evaluated more extensively. Moreover, the transferability of the DFA to ethnic groups other than the Asian ethnicity should be examined further.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Cefalometría , Dentaduras , Humanos , Maloclusión/terapia , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
11.
Orthod Fr ; 91(3): 249-262, 2020 10 01.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146619

RESUMEN

The use of self-ligating brackets has largely developed in orthodontic practice thanks to numerous advantages, including the reduction of frictional forces during sliding orthodontic mechanic. Faced with scientific evidence, this advantage still seems to be debatable. Our objective was to evaluate in vivo the frictional force of self-ligating brackets by searching for micro-morphological and chemical effects on the active slot surface, after phase of alignment-leveling and after a period in the mouth. 16 brackets from four commercial brands were selected (Damon®, In-Ovation®, Smart-clip® and Carriere®). These brackets were visualized using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and dispersive energy spectroscopy to study their surface and initial chemical composition. After a period in the mouth, these brackets were debonded and evaluated with SEM, to search topographic and chemical changes in relation to the frictional forces. After a period of three months used for dental alignment, all the brackets show considerable changes in topographic and chemical properties related to frictional forces, with deposit of organic debris whose importance is related to the initial surface different from one manufacturer to another.


Asunto(s)
Soportes Ortodóncicos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Aleaciones Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Fricción , Ensayo de Materiales , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Acero Inoxidable , Propiedades de Superficie
12.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(4): 51-58, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965387

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of ZnO nanocoating on mechanical properties of NiTi orthodontic wires and antibacterial activity. METHODS: 0.016 x 0.022-in NiTi orthodontic wires were coated with ZnO nanoparticles using an electrochemical deposition method with three electrodes system in 0.1M Zn(NO3)2. Mechanical properties and frictional resistance of the coated wires were investigated using an universal testing machine. Antibacterial effect of ZnO coating was also investigated. RESULTS: A stable adhered ZnO nanocoating on NiTi wires was obtained. The coated wires have a significant antibacterial activity against S. aureus, S. pyogens and E. coli, and a reduction of frictional forces by 34%. CONCLUSION: ZnO nanocoating may improve the antibacterial effects of NiTi wires and reduce the frictional resistance. Coating may be implanted in orthodontic practice for faster and safer treatment.


Asunto(s)
Óxido de Zinc/farmacología , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Aleaciones Dentales , Escherichia coli , Ensayo de Materiales , Níquel , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Staphylococcus aureus , Propiedades de Superficie , Titanio/farmacología , Zinc
15.
J Clin Orthod ; 54(6): 369-370, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966255
16.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 32, 2020 Sep 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924097

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The loss of third-order information in pre-adjusted brackets due to torsional play is a problem in clinical orthodontics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of slot height, archwire height, width and edge bevel's radius on the torsional play for three brackets/archwire systems. METHODS: Ninety brackets with a 0.022 × 0.028 in. slot with McLaughlin-Bennett-Trevisi prescription from three different manufacturers were selected, and the slot's height and depth were measured using a profile projector. Sixty stainless-steel rectangular archwires from three different manufacturers were sectioned and observed with a SEM to measure their height, width, and radius of edge bevel. The recorded data were used to calculate the theoretical torsional play between different slot-archwire combinations. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the measurements within different bracket types and among different manufacturers. RESULTS: Slot height was usually oversized. Archwire's height was usually undersized, but oversized wires were also observed. The radius edge bevel was the most variable parameter. A certain degree of torsional play is always present that differs from one bracket type to another of the same producer and that can even be doubled from one manufacturer to another. CONCLUSIONS: Due to production tolerance, differences between the nominal values and the real dimensions of any components of a slot/archwire system are common. This results in a torsional play that limits torque expression. The archwire's edge bevel plays an important role in torque expression, and clearer information should be provided by the manufacturers regarding this aspect.


Asunto(s)
Soportes Ortodóncicos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Acero Inoxidable , Torque
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 180, 2020 06 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600325

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Bonded retainers are widely used as they are esthetically pleasing, easily acceptable, provide greater stability, compliance free and causes no soft tissue irritation and speech problems. Though, fracture and bond failure are their shortcomings. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the number of bond failures and type of failure pattern between two types of mandibular canine-canine bonded retainers. METHODS: Total 60 subjects were recruited initially and were assessed for eligibility, out of which 6 were excluded and 2 were lost to follow up. They were randomly divided into two groups. Fiber reinforced composite (FRC) retainers were inserted in group 1 subjects while group 2 subjects received multistranded stainless steel (MSW) retainers. The subjects were recalled after every 3 months over a period of 1 year. Bond failure rate and failure pattern based on adhesive remnant index were evaluated at each visit. The bond failure rate and failure pattern were compared between the two retainers by using Chi-square test. RESULTS: The bond failure rates were 42.94% for FRC retainer and 31.41% for MSW retainer. Hence, total number of bond failures in both retainers were 37.17%. The difference of bond failure between two groups was statistically significant (p = 0.012). Type "0" failure pattern was detected commonly with both types of retainers (p <  0.001). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that multistranded stainless steel wire retainer is a superior option to be used for fixed lingual retention in mandibular arch as it exhibited lower bond failure as compared to fiber reinforced composite retainer. Adhesive failure is the most common type of bond failure observed with both types of fixed retainers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ID NCT03881813 ( https://clinicaltrials.gov/ ); March 19, 2019, retrospective registration.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Materiales Dentales/química , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Retenedores Ortodóncicos , Adhesividad , Adulto , Diente Canino/anatomía & histología , Esmalte Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Aparatos Ortodóncicos Fijos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Estudios Retrospectivos
18.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 12-19, jul. 2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1102987

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Determinar si existen diferencias en el tamaño de los arcos de NiTi en los calibres 0.012, 0.014 y 0.016 de tres marcas comerciales. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron 180 arcos de NiTi de las marcas American Orthodontics, TD Orthodontics y OrthoPremium. La estadística descriptiva, la ANOVA y el Post Hoc se realizaron en el programa SPSS 18. Resultados: los arcos de American Orthodontics presentaron diferencias estadísticas significativas en la parte anterior y posterior. En los arcos superiores de TD Orthodontics se encontró contracción en el calibre 0.016. En los arcos superiores OrthoPremium presento una contracción en la parte anterior y en el arco inferior de los 10 a los 40mm. Al comparar las tres marcas se encontraron diferencias estadísticas significativas (p<0.05) entre ellas con las pruebas de ANOVA. Conclusiones: existen diferencias en los tamaños de los arcos superiores e inferiores de cada marca y entre ellas.


Objective: To determine if there are differences between the 0.012, 0.014 and 0.016 NiTi archwires of three brands. Material and methods: 180 NiTi archwires of the following brands were used: American Orthodontics, TD Orthodontics and OrthoPremium. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and Post Hoc were performed in the SPSS 18 program. Results: The American Orthodontics archwires presented significant statistical differences in the anterior and posterior parts. In the TD Orthodontics upper archwires, contraction was found in the 0.016 caliber. In the upper archwires, OrthoPremium presented a contraction in the anterior part and in the lower archwire of 10 to 40mm. When comparing the three brands, significant statistical differences (p <0.05) were found between them with the ANOVA tests. Conclusions: there are differences in the sizes of the upper and lower archwires of each brand and between them.


Objetivo: determinar se existem diferenças no tamanho dos arcos de NiTi em calibres 0, 12, 0, 14 e 0, 16 de três marcas comerciais. Material e métodos: foram utilizados 180 arcos NiTi das marcas American Orthodontics, TD Orthodontics e OrthoPremium. Estatística descritiva, ANOVA e Post Hoc foram realizadas no programa SPSS 18. Resultados: os arcos da American Orthodontics apresentaram diferenças estatísticas significativas na parte anterior e posterior. Nos arcos superiores da TD Ortodontia foi encontrada contração no calibre 0, 16. Nos arcos superiores, o OrthoPremium apresentou contração na parte anterior e no arco inferior de 10 a 40mm. Ao comparar as três marcas, foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas significativas (p <0,05) entre elas com os testes ANOVA. Conclusões: existem diferenças nos tamanhos dos arcos superior e inferior de cada marca e entre eles.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Ortodoncia
19.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 23(4): 509-516, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583548

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Appropriate torque expression contributes to ideal treatment outcomes both clinically and aesthetically. Whether active and passive self-ligating brackets (SLBs) have different torque-control capability in vivo has never been reported. The purpose of present study was to explore whether there was difference in torque expression in active and passive SLBs. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: In this retrospective study, 225 patients with four first premolar extractions were enrolled. For each patient, the digital lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken before and after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 2 groups: 111 subjects were treated with passive SLBs (Damon Q, Ormco) and 114 subjects with active SLBs (Empower 2, American Orthodontics). Measurements to determine skeletal changes and incisor inclination were obtained from cephalometric tracings using Dolphin software (version 11.8, USA). Comparisons in both groups and intergroups were compared using t tests and chi-square test. RESULTS: Significant differences in the variation of U1-SN(°), U1-NA(°), L1-NB(°) and L1-FH(°) were found between two groups. More labially inclined maxillary incisors were found in active SLB group, while more labially inclined mandibular incisors were observed in passive SLB group. CONCLUSIONS: With the present prescription set in the two brackets, active SLBs achieved more proclined maxillary incisors and retroclined mandibular incisors. Clinicians should take torque expression of brackets into consideration during orthodontic treatment.


Asunto(s)
Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Diente Premolar , Humanos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Torque
20.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(4): 416-420, 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584279

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of using bite wafers and chewing gum in relieving pain after the activation of the first archwire among Saudi orthodontic patients and evaluating them in comparison with ibuprofen use. Furthermore, the study investigated the effect of chewing gum and plastic wafers on the frequency of orthodontic appliance breakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 105 female patients aged 15-35 years, undergoing maxillary and mandibular fixed appliance treatment were classified randomly into three groups of 35 each. In each group, the patients were given one of the following treatments immediately after the placement of the first archwire, every 8 hours for 1 week as needed: ibuprofen (400 mg), or a viscoelastic bite wafer, or chewing gum. A visual analog scale was given to the patients to record their pain perception following initial archwire placement. In addition, the patients were asked to report any incidence of detached brackets while using the above methods. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found in pain perception at any time interval among the three groups. The pain experienced at bedtime and 24 hours after wire placement among different groups in the present study was found to be slightly higher with maximum intensity and the pain perception finding at different time intervals within each pain relief method was statistically significant (p = 0.000, p < 0.05). Furthermore, ANOVA results demonstrate no significant differences in bracket detachment between the groups (p = 0.20, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The use of bite wafers and chewing gum was effective and comparable to ibuprofen use for pain relief following the initial activation of fixed orthodontic appliances among Saudi orthodontic patients. In addition, the study found no clinically or statistically significant differences in bracket detachment between the groups. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The nondrug modalities of controlling pain such as chewing gum and/or bite wafers can be used as an alternative to ibuprofen use following the first activation of fixed orthodontic appliances.


Asunto(s)
Analgésicos no Narcóticos , Goma de Mascar , Ibuprofeno , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Manejo del Dolor , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Dolor , Dimensión del Dolor , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...