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1.
Creat Nurs ; 27(4): 262-266, 2021 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34903630

RESUMEN

Planetary health and human health are inextricably linked in a complex relationship. Gender-based health vulnerabilities fall disproportionately on women regardless of a country's economy and resources. Women and girls are often the most affected by environmental degradation in food and water systems, along with gender-specific disparities. Addressing food production and nutrition can play a key role in the nursing profession's advocacy for planetary health and heart disease prevention in addressing gender-specific disparities. This article reviews research on the intersection of planetary health, heart health, nutrition strategies, and gender-specific disparities, utilizing the planetary health perspective that views human health and the Earth's health as deeply connected. Data supports nutritional solutions including a plant-based diet to improve environmental health, increase food security and planetary health, and decrease heart disease, the leading cause of death worldwide. Nurses play a critical role in assessing patients' food security and educating about the benefits of healthy and sustainable foods as well as how food choices can impact planetary health. Gender-sensitive research, including collection, analysis, and reporting of sex-disaggregated data, is needed to better understand the implications of planetary health threats, solutions, and policies.


Asunto(s)
Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Amor , Dieta , Salud Ambiental , Femenino , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Salud de la Mujer
2.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0260529, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965275

RESUMEN

A stable and rewarding love relationship is considered a key ingredient for happiness in Western culture. Building a successful long-term relationship can be viewed as a control engineering problem, where the control variable is the effort to be made to keep the relationship alive and well. We introduce a new mathematical model for the effort control problem of a couple in love who wants to stay together forever. The problem can be naturally formulated as a dynamic game in continuous time with nonlinearities. Adopting a dynamic programming approach, a tractable computational formulation of the problem is proposed together with an accompanying algorithm to find numerical solutions of the couple's effort problem. The computational analysis of the model is used to explore feeling trajectories, effort control paths, happiness, and stabilization mechanisms for different types of successful couples. In particular, the simulation analysis provides insight into the pattern of change of both marital quality and effort making in intact marriages and how they are affected by certain level of heterogamy in the couple.


Asunto(s)
Amor , Retroalimentación , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Factores de Tiempo
3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 3): 5033-5044, 2021.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787196

RESUMEN

Digital abuse in intimate relationships is a topic that is still poorly studied in Brazil, and this practice is often naturalized, especially among young people. This article aims to know the meanings attributed by adolescents to the set of rules and agreements, implicit or agreed, that define the contours of a "love contract" and the role of digital abuse in these strategic understandings. Qualitative study conducted with primary oral sources, from four focus groups with adolescents from public and private schools, of both sexes, aged 15 to 18 years, totaling 26 students. The analysis was based on the perspective of the interpretation of meanings, with thematic bias, anchored in Bauman's theory of liquid love and Giddens' category of confluent love. Trust, individuality and intimacy were values ​​considered essential for the existence of an intimate relationship considered "serious". The "exposure of intimacy" and "monitoring" without permission are acts that can lead to the breakdown of this "love contract". The adolescents showed us that we need to treat digital abuse between partners by reflecting on the rules, values ​​and agreements that define the contours of the "love contract" they establish.


Asunto(s)
Amor , Parejas Sexuales , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino , Conducta Sexual , Estudiantes
4.
Psychoanal Rev ; 108(3): 337-361, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468226

RESUMEN

The author discusses Winnicott's theory (1949/1975) of the psyche-soma and Fairbairn's (1944) theory of internal object relations, bringing them together to enrich our perspective of one's somatization. By focusing on how the patient takes care, attends, experiences, and feels toward the symptom, the analyst can better understand the patient's early object-relations. This allows analyst and patient to rethink the symptom in terms of the patient's early traumas and one's capacity to mourn the loss of the love-object. Fairbairn's conceptualizations of the "rejecting," "alluring," and "addictive" object-relations are combined with Winnicott's understanding of the split between psyche and soma, following the ill-adaptation of the mother to the baby's earliest emotional needs.


Asunto(s)
Síntomas sin Explicación Médica , Apego a Objetos , Formación de Concepto , Humanos , Amor , Teoría Psicoanalítica
5.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 54: 102020, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496305

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study explored how the phenomenon of meals appeared in the interrelationship between adolescents and young adults (AYAs) receiving high-emetogenic chemotherapy, their next of kin and health professionals in the clinical setting. METHOD: Data were collected by 140 h of participant observation conducted to gain insights into the nature of how meals appeared in the interrelationship between 12 AYAs (age 15-29 years), their next-of-kin and health professionals. The AYAs were patients with oncological and haematological diseases recruited from three university hospital departments. Data analysis was guided by van Manen's hermeneutic-phenomenological approach. RESULTS: The essential meaning of the phenomenon may be characterized by the overarching theme; 'Seeking the joy of meals in the shadow of treatment' and the following three themes: 'Meals as a necessary evil' (AYAs); 'Meals as a matter of love' (next-of-kin); and 'Meals in the shadow of medical treatment' (health professionals). CONCLUSIONS: Meals is a multi-facetted and complex phenomenon that has different meanings to AYAs, next-of-kin and health professionals. To the AYAs, meals emerged as a necessary evil in connection with which urges to eat occurred as glimpses of desire. Prominent feelings of powerlessness and food as love were highlighted by the next-of-kin, whereas food and meals appeared secondary to treatment for health professionals, reflecting the traditional biomedical paradigm. The findings revealed that adopting a holistic approach to AYAs concerning meals can have the potential to increase their food intake.


Asunto(s)
Amor , Neoplasias , Adolescente , Adulto , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Comidas , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Adulto Joven
6.
Behav Brain Sci ; 44: e71, 2021 09 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588043

RESUMEN

The hypothesis that music is well suited to facilitate social bonding (Savage et al., target article) is highly consistent with social psychological research on the need to belong. We explore how music is uniquely placed to increase feelings of connections to large collectives by increasing collective effervescence, providing narratives, reminding one of others, and providing social surrogates.


Asunto(s)
Amor , Música , Emociones , Humanos
7.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(Suppl 9): 35-40, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559776

RESUMEN

Thus, having become very famous in the cities of Aonia, the one (Tiresias) gave irrefutable responses to those who consulted him. The first to test the authenticity of his words was the blue Lirìope, whom Cefiso had one day pushed into a bend in his current, imprisoned in the waves and raped. When she got pregnant, the beautiful nymph gave birth to a child who aroused love from birth, and called him Narcissus. Asked if the little boy would see the distant days of late old age, the soothsayer replied: "If he doesn't know himself." For a long time the prediction seemed meaningless, but then the outcome of things, the type of death and the strange passion confirmed it. from "The Metamorphosis" (Ovidio).


Asunto(s)
Amor , Narcisismo , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
8.
J Adolesc ; 92: 126-136, 2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507082

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Romantic experiences during adolescence have an important influence on functioning later in life. Romantic love has been associated with the acceptance of abusive behaviors. This study examined the relationship between myths of romantic love and the perceived severity of different types of abusive behaviors, as well as the influence of gender. METHODS: The sample comprised 448 Spanish adolescents (M = 12.92 years old; SD = 0.85), of which 50.3% were male and 49.7% were female. Participants were evaluated in the school setting. The Perception of Abuse Scale and the Myths, Fallacies, and Misconceptions about Romantic Love Scale were administered. RESULTS: Statistically significant negative associations between the myths of romantic love and the perceived severity of abusive behaviors were found. Myths regarding possession, dedication, and exclusivity were associated with a lower perceived severity of abusive behaviors in adolescent males. Myths regarding the omnipotence of love were associated with a lower perceived severity of abusive behaviors in adolescent females. Believing in jealousy as a demonstration of love (myth of jealousy) and in the need to establish a steady union when you love someone (marriage myth) explained a lower perceived severity of abusive behaviors in regression models. However, being female and having these beliefs explained a higher perceived severity of abusive behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: The myths of romantic love are already present during early adolescence. These beliefs are implicated in the construction of gender inequality and difficulties in the identification of dating abuse behavior severity. A gendered perspective is necessary to understand this issue. Early intervention strategies should address the cognitive and emotional components of intimate relationships.


Asunto(s)
Violencia de Pareja , Amor , Adolescente , Agresión , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Celos , Masculino
9.
Cognition ; 217: 104886, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428711

RESUMEN

Recent work indicates that people are more likely to protect a close (vs. distant) other who commits a crime. But do people think it is morally right to treat close others differently? On the one hand, universalist moral principles dictate that people should be treated equally. On the other hand, close relationships are the source of special moral obligations, which may lead people to believe they ought to preferentially protect close others. Here we attempt to adjudicate between these competing considerations by examining what people think they would and should do when a close (vs. distant) other behaves immorally. Across four experiments (N = 2002), we show that people believe they morally should protect close others more than distant others. However, we also document a striking discrepancy: participants reported that they would protect close others far more than they should protect them. These findings demonstrate that people believe close relationships influence what they morally ought to do-but also that moral decisions about close others may be a context in which people are particularly likely to fail to do what they think is morally right.


Asunto(s)
Amor , Principios Morales , Humanos , Obligaciones Morales
10.
F1000Res ; 10: 627, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408851

RESUMEN

This article defines the Spanish family in the context of the "Mediterranean model" and the "individualization society". The former is characterised by strong social interrelationships between family members and their emotional ties, while the latter is defined by the separateness of citizens and by institutionalising the basis of society in individuals rather than in the family. The work also describes how modern forms of love, both romantic and confluent, are institutionalized in this society, discussing if they coexist or not, how they exist, and which is the dominant form. Finally, it analyzes the degree of strength or fragility of the family institution and the affective relationships that sustain it.  The work concludes that the Spanish family is balancing between the strong resistance to disappear as an institution and its eclipse, crisis, or complete end. This is because, although the Spanish family still retains a large part of its former functions, at the same time as divorce is on the increase and family members are decreasing, it is increasingly ephemeral and a plurality of family forms have emerged that have broken with the traditional dominant model of lifelong romantic marriage. Moreover, the Spanish family is also among the "familist" model and the individual, while the way of loving fluctuates between the traditional patriarchal and the democratic, individual, and communitary. Thus, the thesis I propose qualifies and questions the majority of theoretical works on love and the Spanish family, which argue that the family is inscribed in the "Mediterranean model". As will be seen, the romantic relationships that have been institutionalised in the Spanish family are more paradoxical, insofar as they are still inscribed in that model, but they are rapidly approaching those of Northern Europe.


Asunto(s)
Amor , Matrimonio , Europa (Continente) , Familia , Humanos
11.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e044903, 2021 08 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417210

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To identify pregnant women's views and attitudes towards maternal immunisation in Panama based on in-depth interviews and focus groups. SETTING: Two main urban centres in Panama (San Miguelito and Panama City). PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six pregnant women from Panama City (n=29) and San Miguelito (n=27). METHODS: In-depth interviews and focus groups were conducted, audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a deductive-inductive approach. RESULTS: Our findings suggest that this population perceives vaccination as a key component of maternal healthcare, not an elective part of it. The pregnant women interviewed disclosed a heightened perception of vulnerability to infectious diseases. For this reason, safety and effectiveness of maternal vaccines were closely associated for many participants (a vaccine was perceived as safe if it was effective against disease). Refusal of maternal vaccination was strongly associated with parental negligence. Participants reported the participation of husbands and partners in the decision-making around their health. Most participants reported high information-seeking behaviour, particularly online; many interviewees confirmed any information obtained online with their healthcare professionals (HCPs). Vaccine recommendations from HCPs appeared to be one of the main predictors of maternal immunisations among the sample interviewed. While acceptability of maternal vaccines was high in this sample, some pregnant women expressed concerns and doubts (e.g., that maternal vaccines could cause miscarriages) which require attention. Finally, many participants reported difficulties in accessing maternal vaccination, pointing to financial and physical barriers. CONCLUSIONS: The acceptability of maternal immunisation was high among the interviewed women. The pregnant women's receptiveness to maternal vaccinations, even when information provided was limited, is suggestive of high levels of trust in HCPs. Even so, HCPs and health officials should remain alert to apprehensions expressed by pregnant women. Many participants reported struggles in accessing maternal vaccination, pointing to issues that merit further examination.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas contra la Influenza , Mujeres Embarazadas , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunización , Amor , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Embarazo , Vacunación
12.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1331: 249-254, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453303

RESUMEN

In these last decades, emotions and feelings, neglected for centuries by experimental sciences, have become the topic of extensive neuroscientific research. Currently, love, the most typically human feeling, can be viewed as the result of different phases (steps), each regulated by evolutionary well-conserved and integrated neural substrates. We have proposed that the early stage, generally called romantic love, is the result of the activation of the brain limbic structures regulating fear/anxiety reactions leading to changes of major neurotransmitters, such as increased monoamine levels and decreased serotonin concentrations. The second stage of love is mainly underlain by the structures regulating the attachment system and involving oxytocin and vasopressin neuropeptides and neurotrophins. This would explain why the positive effects of love can be extremely beneficial for both mental and physical health.However, available data are still limited, and the proposed models, although supported by converging data, should be considered speculative and oversimplified. The hope is that neuroscience will permit to shed light on love, one of the most intriguing, and still largely unknown mysteries of human nature.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo , Amor , Emociones , Humanos , Neurotransmisores , Oxitocina
13.
Am J Health Promot ; 35(7): 893-896, 2021 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247543

RESUMEN

Worksite health and well-being initiatives will ideally be integrated with employers' efforts to address diversity, equity and inclusion issues. Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) include race, class, community health, income and other variables that companies can play a role in ameliorating. As much as spirituality is commonly espoused as a component of a holistic approach to health promotion, making space to discuss faith and health remains an uncommon strategy in the workplace wellness movement. Recognizing the value on investment (VOI) in wellness has eclipsed a return on investment as a driver of an employer's well-being strategy. This editorial argues that making space for learning about faith and health will intersect in vital ways with anti-racism work, diversity programs and similar efforts to eliminate health inequities, address SDOH and bolster the VOI of worksite well-being initiatives. A fictional dialogue between executives is used to review these issues and related literature.


Asunto(s)
Verduras , Lugar de Trabajo , Promoción de la Salud , Humanos , Amor , Salud Pública
14.
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) ; 74(12): 2210-2220, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215172

RESUMEN

Information associated with the self is preferentially processed compared to information associated with others. However, cultural differences appear to exist in the way information is processed about those close to us like our mothers. In Eastern compared with Western cultures, information about the mother seems to be processed as well as our self. However, it is not clear whether this lack of difference is due to familiarity or would extend to processing arbitrary perceptual information associated with different categorical labels. The current study employs a perceptual association paradigm in which category labels like self, mother, and none are associated with arbitrary shapes to study self versus mother processing in an Indian sample. We hypothesised that there would be no difference between self and mother processing given the familial and collectivistic tendencies in India. Participants in two experiments performed a matching task between a shape and a pre-assigned category label, with self, mother, and none as categories in Experiment 1A and self, friend, and none as categories in Experiment 1B. As expected, analysis of response times (RT), accuracies, and signal detection theoretic measures showed that information about mother is processed as well as self in Experiment 1A, but this effect is not present with friend in Experiment 1B. Moreover, participants' processing for the self-associated information gets attenuated depending upon the other close person category used in the task (friend vs. mother) indicating that self-information processing is dynamically dependent on the categorical contexts in which such processing takes place. Our findings have implications for understanding the processing of self-associated information across cultures and contexts.


Asunto(s)
Amor , Madres , Femenino , Humanos , Tiempo de Reacción , Reconocimiento en Psicología , Autoimagen
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065736

RESUMEN

Dating violence is a significant problem among adolescents. It encompasses a variety of violent behavior, from verbal abuse to physical and sexual abuse, from threats to rape and murder. Among young people, idealization of love and romantic myths are very common as a consequence of our culture and society, which lead them to develop dysfunctional relationships that somehow favor and facilitate partner violence and sexist ideas in daily life. Education is the basic tool to eradicate discrimination and violence against women. The objective of this study is to explore the false myths of romantic love in adolescents and their related factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 16-19-year-old teenagers (n = 180), through questionnaires and by employing the romantic love myths scale, the ambivalent sexism inventory, and the love attitudes scale. Adolescents accepted to a greater degree the love myths associated with idealization than those related to abuse with scale values of Med = 2.72, SD = 0.55, and Med = 1.34, SD = 0.68, respectively. Designed models predict love idealization on the basis of benevolent sexism (ß = 0.03; CI 95% = 0.021-0.039), religion (ß = 0.198; CI 95% = 0.047-0.349), passionate love (ß = 0.038; CI 95% = 0.015-0.061), practical love (ß = 0.024; CI 95% = 0.001-0.047), and friendly love (ß = 0.036; CI 95% = 0.014-0.058). Hostile sexism and undergraduate studies were associated with the myths that relate love and abuse (ß = 0.19; CI 95% = 0.007-0.031, ß = 0.208; CI 95% = 0.001-0.414, respectively).


Asunto(s)
Violencia de Pareja , Amor , Adolescente , Adulto , Agresión , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Violencia , Adulto Joven
16.
Eur J Emerg Med ; 28(4): 247-248, 2021 08 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187986

Asunto(s)
Amor , Humanos , España
17.
Life Sci Soc Policy ; 17(1): 5, 2021 Jun 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154669

RESUMEN

People with disabilities face attitudinal barriers including prejudice, stereotypes, and low expectations. Many young people without disabilities may doubt that people with disabilities can be fulfilling partners in any loving adult relationship. The objective of the present research was to assess the willingness of non-disabled youth to engage in conjugal relationships with persons with disabilities in Wolaita Sodo town, Ethiopia. Both descriptive and explanatory study designs were used and quantitative data were collected. A self-administered questionnaire was designed and distributed to randomly selected 403 (202 females & 201 males) unmarried youth. Data analysis was undertaken using SPSS software in which both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were utilized for data presentation. The result showed that most (85.5%) of the young people without disabilities participated in the survey were not willing to have any type of personal relationships with persons with disabilities and the main reason for 44.2% of these respondents being the fear of reaction from family members. Furthermore, it was found that the level of willingness of youth without disabilities to engage in romantic love and marital relationships was not influenced by the socio-economic status of people with disabilities. Moreover, the result of binary logistic regression analysis showed that the willingness of respondents to have marital and romantic love relationship with persons with disabilities is significantly associated to the sex (OR = 2.376; P < 0.05; 95%CI = 1.210, 4.664), raised-up area (OR = 2.512; P < 0.01; 95%CI = 1.319, 4.783), age (OR = 2.886; P < 0.05; 95%CI = 1.012, 8.228) and the presence of person with disability in the family (OR = 3.945; P < 0.01; 95%CI = 1.648, 9.442) of respondents. The findings of the present research demonstrate that people with disabilities have continued to face stereotypes and discriminations. Such stereotypes extend to assuming them as asexual and unfit to carryout roles that arise from love or marital relationships which violates the rights of PWDs to form their own family and have children. It is therefore, important to raise the awareness of young people about the differences between disability and sexuality and that physical disability has nothing to do with sexuality and relationship formation.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad , Matrimonio , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Amor , Masculino , Conducta Sexual , Sexualidad
19.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 24(7): 480-487, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076532

RESUMEN

Whether mobile phones benefit or sabotage close relationships has been a persistent subject of debate in media and communication studies. Because previous studies have demonstrated contrasting findings, further studies on this topic are required. Based on media richness theory and social penetration theory, this study investigated the direct and indirect associations between mobile communication and relationship quality (i.e., depth, support, and conflict) in romantic relationships. A survey of 1,000 university students in China revealed that relationship depth was positively predicted by mobile phone calls and negatively predicted by mobile short messages. Mobile WeChat had dialectical effects, as it reinforced relationship depth and support, but increased conflict. Regarding indirect effects, communication quality online positively mediated the effects of mobile phone calls on relationship quality and negatively mediated the effects of mobile short messages and Weibo on relationship quality. Moreover, passionate love attitudes (PLAs) and gender negatively moderated the effects of mobile phone calls on relationship depth, indicating that females and individuals who had stronger PLAs had lower relationship quality when they used mobile phone calls to interact with their romantic partners. The moderating effects of PLA were extended to the indirect relationship between phone calls and relationship quality through communication quality. Overall, this study developed a typology to examine mobile relational communication by integrating the quantity (i.e., mobile use frequencies) and quality of mobile communication, as well as personal attitudes in close relationships.


Asunto(s)
Teléfono Celular/estadística & datos numéricos , Amor , Apego a Objetos , Conducta Sexual/estadística & datos numéricos , Parejas Sexuales/psicología , Adulto , China , Comunicación , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Envío de Mensajes de Texto/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
20.
J Man Manip Ther ; 29(3): 133-135, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080957

Asunto(s)
Amor , Humanos
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