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1.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eRC5063, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553357

RESUMEN

A 65-year-old male with a history of urinary tract trauma requiring cystotomy and chronic bladder catheterization, presenting with chronic and uninvestigated changes in the color of the urine bag system, with no urine color change, and positive urine culture for Proteus mirabilis . These characteristics refer to the purple urine bag syndrome, a not weel-known condition, with a benign course in most cases, and associated with urinary tract infection in patients with chronic bladder catheterization. Although it is characterized by marked changes, it is underdiagnosed by healthcare professionals.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Relacionadas con Catéteres/microbiología , Reservorios Urinarios Continentes/efectos adversos , Infecciones Urinarias/microbiología , Anciano , Infecciones Relacionadas con Catéteres/patología , Humanos , Masculino , Proteus mirabilis/aislamiento & purificación , Factores de Riesgo , Síndrome , Infecciones Urinarias/patología , Orina/microbiología
2.
Gene ; 723: 144120, 2020 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589964

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is a vitamin K-dependent, γ-carboxylated protein that was initially found to be a physiological inhibitor of ectopic calcifications affecting mainly cartilage and the vascular system. Mutations in the MGP gene were found to be responsible for a human pathology, the Keutel syndrome, characterized by abnormal calcifications in cartilage, lungs, brain and vascular system. MGP was recently implicated in tumorigenic processes such as angiogenesis and shown to be abnormally regulated in several tumors, including cervical, ovarian, urogenital and breast. This fact has triggered our interest in analyzing the expression of MGP and of its regulator, the transcription factor runt related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: MGP and RUNX2 expression were analyzed in cancer and non-tumor biopsies samples from 33 CRC patients and 9 healthy controls by RT-qPCR. Consequently, statistical analyses were performed to evaluate the clinical-pathological significance of MGP and RUNX2 in CRC. MGP protein was also detected by immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: Showed an overall overexpression of MGP in the tumor mucosa of patients at mRNA level when compared to adjacent normal mucosa and healthy control tissues. In addition, analysis of the expression of RUNX2 mRNA demonstrated an overexpression in CRC tissue samples and a positive correlation with MGP expression (Pearson correlation coefficient 0.636; p ≤ 0.01) in tumor mucosa. However correlations between MGP gene expression and clinical-pathological characteristics, such as gender, age and pathology classification did not provide relevant information that may shed light towards the differences of MGP expression observed between normal and malignant tissue. CONCLUSIONS: We were able to associate the high levels of MGP mRNA expression with a worse prognosis and survival rate lower than five years. These results contributed to improve our understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying MGP deregulation in cancer.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas de Unión al Calcio/genética , Proteínas de Unión al Calcio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorrectales/patología , Subunidad alfa 1 del Factor de Unión al Sitio Principal/genética , Proteínas de la Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas de la Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulación hacia Arriba , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias Colorrectales/genética , Neoplasias Colorrectales/metabolismo , Femenino , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Análisis de Supervivencia
3.
Gene ; 722: 144127, 2020 Jan 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525397

RESUMEN

Complement factor H (CFH) serves as a major down-regulator in the complement system, often utilized by bacterial pathogens to evade complement attack. Yet, little is currently known about the genetic correlation of CFH polymorphisms with sepsis due to various microbial infections. A case-control method (488 septic patients and 527 healthy individuals) was carried out in this study to investigate the genetic relationship between CFH polymorphisms (rs3753394 C/T, rs1065489 G/T and rs1061170 C/T) and susceptibility to sepsis caused by bacterial infections in Chinese Han populations. Our findings indicated that the frequency of rs3753394 CT/TT genotype in the septic patients with P. aeruginosa was significantly higher than that in the control individuals (P = 0.033, OR = 2.668, 95%CI = 1.072-6.334). The rs3753394 T allele frequency in the P. aeruginosa-infected patients was significantly increased, compared to that in the healthy controls (P = 0.014, OR = 1.68, 95%CI = 1.118-2.538). Moreover, these significant differences of rs3753394 genotype and allele frequencies remained after multiple testing corrections [P (corr.) = 0.033 for genotype; P (corr.) = 0.033 for allele]. The current study highlighted the significance of CFH polymorphism rs3753394 as a potential biomarker for targeting P. aeruginosa infection in critically ill patients.


Asunto(s)
Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Infecciones por Pseudomonas/genética , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Sepsis/genética , Adulto , Anciano , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática/genética , Estudios de Casos y Controles , China/etnología , Factor H de Complemento/genética , Frecuencia de los Genes , Genotipo , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infecciones por Pseudomonas/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Pseudomonas/etnología , Sepsis/diagnóstico , Sepsis/etnología , Sepsis/microbiología
4.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4739, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553355

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To use magnetic resonance imaging to assess the prevalence of foot and ankle ligament injuries and fractures associated with ankle sprain and not diagnosed by x-ray. METHODS: We included 180 consecutive patients with a history of ankle sprain, assessed at a primary care service in a 12-month period. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were recorded and described. RESULTS: Approximately 92% of patients had some type of injury shown on the magnetic resonance imaging. We found 379 ligament injuries, 9 osteochondral injuries, 19 tendinous injuries and 51 fractures. Only 14 magnetic resonance imaging tests (7.8%) did not show any sort of injury. We observed a positive relation between injuries of the lateral complex, syndesmosis and medial ligaments. However, there was a negative correlation between ankle ligament injuries and midfoot injuries. CONCLUSION: There was a high rate of injuries secondary to ankle sprains. We found correlation between lateral ligament injuries and syndesmosis and deltoid injuries. We did not observe a relation between deltoid and syndesmosis injuries or between lateral ligamentous and subtalar injuries. Similarly, no relation was found between ankle and midfoot injuries.


Asunto(s)
Traumatismos del Tobillo/epidemiología , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Traumatismos del Tobillo/diagnóstico por imagen , Brasil/epidemiología , Cartílago Articular/lesiones , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Ligamentos Laterales del Tobillo/lesiones , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Adulto Joven
5.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eGS4913, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531556

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate indications, results and strategy of retinal exams requested at Primary Care Units. METHODS: A retrospective study that analyzed the indications and results of retinal exams, in the modalities clinical dilated fundus exams and color fundus photographs. In the following situations, patients were considered eligible for color fundus photographs if visual acuity was normal and ocular symptoms were absent: diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension, in use of drugs with potential retinal toxicity, diagnosis or suspicion of glaucoma, stable and asymptomatic retinopathies, except myopia greater than -3.00 diopters. RESULTS: A total of 1,729 patients were evaluated (66% female, age 63.5±15.5 years), and 1,190 underwent clinical dilated fundus exam and 539 underwent color fundus photographs. Diabetes was present in 32.2%. The main indications were diabetes (23.7%) and glaucoma evaluation (23.5%). In 3.4% of patients there was no apparent indication. The main results were a large cup/disc ratio (30.7%) and diabetic retinopathy (13.2%). Exam was normal in 9.6%, detected peripheral changes in 7% and could not be performed in 1%. Considering patients eligible for fundus photographs (22.4%), more than half underwent clinical dilated fundus exams. CONCLUSION: Regarding exam modality, there were no important differences in the distribution of indications or diagnosis. Color fundus photograph is compatible with telemedicine and more cost-effective, and could be considered the strategy of choice in some scenarios. Since there are no clear guidelines for retinal exams indications or the modality of choice, this study may contribute to such standardization, in order to optimize public health resources.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Oftalmológico , Atención Primaria de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Retina , Enfermedades de la Retina/diagnóstico , Anciano , Retinopatía Diabética/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Oftalmológico/economía , Femenino , Fondo de Ojo , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Fotograbar , Examen Físico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Telemedicina , Agudeza Visual
6.
Acta Neurochir Suppl ; 127: 179-183, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407082

RESUMEN

From 2013 to 2017, at the Burdenko Institute of Neurosurgery, intra-arterial verapamil for treatment of cerebral vasospasm following intracranial hemorrhage after aneurysm rupture was administered to 35 patients (total 75 procedures). The age is from 8 to 77 years. All ruptured aneurysms were treated: in 26 cases with open approach-clipping-and in 9 cases with endovascular occlusion. The procedure was carried out from 0 to 11 days after the operation. Severity of spasm was assessed by angiography and TCDU. Efficacy of the administration was assessed by TCDU 1 h after the procedure and by clinical evaluation of the patient's condition. The dose of verapamil was 15-50 mg (on average 40 mg) per procedure/per carotid pool and depended on the data of TCDU and clinical and radiological picture. The procedure was performed repeatedly (1-5 times) according to the indications and depending on the patient's condition, with an interval of 24 h. The procedure was effective as a preventive measure for care of patients in the initial stage of cerebral ischemia and was ineffective with a formed focus of ischemia. Endovascular administration of verapamil for treatment of cerebral vasospasm is a safe technique which positively affects the overall recovery of such patients.


Asunto(s)
Aneurisma Roto , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea , Vasodilatadores , Vasoespasmo Intracraneal , Verapamilo , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Niño , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea/tratamiento farmacológico , Hemorragia Subaracnoidea/prevención & control , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vasodilatadores/uso terapéutico , Vasoespasmo Intracraneal/tratamiento farmacológico , Verapamilo/uso terapéutico , Adulto Joven
7.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03512, Jan.-Dez. 2019. graf
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1020387

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: Desvelar as práticas de Educação Permanente em Saúde desenvolvidas pelo Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família na atenção ao idoso. MÉTODO: Estudo qualitativo e exploratório-descritivo, desenvolvido em um município do estado do Paraná, com profissionais do Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família. Os dados foram obtidos pela técnica de Grupo Focal e submetidos à Classificação Hierárquica Descendente utilizando o software IRaMuTeQ. Os referenciais teórico-analíticos foram a Política Nacional de Educação Permanente em Saúde e a Teoria Dialógica. RESULTADOS: Participaram 46 profissionais. Surgiram cinco classes que permitiram desvelar que as práticas de educação permanente na atenção ao idoso ocorrem durante os momentos de discussão de casos, no matriciamento, nas visitas domiciliares, nos grupos operativos e no cotidiano do trabalho de modo informal. CONCLUSÃO: As práticas de educação permanente desenvolvidas pelos profissionais na atenção ao idoso ocorrem em distintos momentos da atuação profissional e são permeadas pela prática


OBJETIVO: Desvelar las prácticas de Educación Permanente en Salud desarrolladas por el Núcleo de Apoyo a la Salud de la Familia en la atención a la persona mayor. MÉTODO: Estudio cualitativo y exploratorio descriptivo, desarrollado en un municipio del Estado de Paraná, con profesionales del Núcleo de Apoyo a la Salud de la Familia. Los datos fueron obtenidos por la técnica de Grupo Focal y sometidos a la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendiente utilizando el software IRaMuTeQ. Los marcos de referencia teóricos analíticos fueron la Política Nacional de Educación Permanente en Salud y la Teoría Dialógica. RESULTADOS: Participaron 46 profesionales. Surgieron cinco clases que permitieron desvelar que las prácticas de educación permanente en la atención a la persona mayor ocurren durante los momentos de discusión de casos, en el matriciamiento, las visitas domiciliarias, los grupos operativos y el cotidiano del trabajo de modo informal. CONCLUSIÓN: Las prácticas de educación permanente desarrolladas por los profesionales en la atención a la persona mayor ocurren en distintos momentos de la actuación profesional y traen consigo la práctica


OBJECTIVE: To unveil the Permanent Education in Health practices developed by the Family Health Support Center in the care provided to older adults. METHOD: A qualitative and exploratory-descriptive study developed in a municipality in the state of Paraná with professionals from the Family Health Support Center. Data were obtained by the Focus Group technique and submitted to the Descending Hierarchical Classification using IRaMuTeQ software. The implemented theoretical-analytical references were the National Policy of Permanent Education in Healthcare and the Dialogical Theory. RESULTS: Forty-six (46) professionals participated. Five classes emerged which revealed that the practices of permanent education in care provided to older adults occur during the moments of discussion of cases, in collaborative care planning (matriciamento ), in the home visits, in the operative groups and in the daily life of the informal work. CONCLUSION: The permanent education practices developed by the professionals in the care provided to older adults occur at different moments of professional performance and are permeated by the practice


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Atención Primaria de Salud/normas , Educación Continua/métodos , Enfermería de Atención Primaria/normas , Servicios de Salud para Ancianos/normas , Personal de Salud , Grupos Focales , Investigación Cualitativa
8.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 22(2): 53-69, July-Dec. 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019276

RESUMEN

Abstract Different studies with university students show the presence of a negative image about the elderly and an absence of positive stereotypes regarding this age group. With the increase of the older population, these stereotypes must disappear in order to work with aged people without a negative view of them. The aim of this paper was to identify the existence of negative stereotypes towards old age in students who are pursuing health-related and not related university degree courses. A total of 262 students were assessed with the CENVE questionnaire. In order to find out whether there were differences between students with respect to negative stereotypes, an ANOVA and a post-hoc comparison test were carried out. Results were significant at the 5% level. These show evidence of the existence of negative stereotypes about old age in students pursuing university degrees related and not related to the field of health. ANOVAs showed differences in total CENVE (F3 259 = 3.574; p = 0.015; r2 = 0.040), Social Motivation dimension (F3259 = 3.697; p = 0.012; rf = 0.042), and Personality dimension (F3259 = 5.157; p = 0.002; r2 = 0.057). The post-hoc tests show the existence of differences in stereotypes depending on the course that is being studied, where the health related courses show the lower level of negative stereotypes.


Resumo Diversos estudos sobre estereótipos com estudantes universitários mostram que as pessoas idosas são percebidas mais frequentemente a partir de uma imagem negativa do que com estereótipos positivos. Levando em consideração o crescente aumento da população idosa na atualidade e como o fim de trabalhar com pessoas mais velhas a partir de uma visão positiva de si mesmos, é preciso que esses estereótipos desapareçam. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar se existem estereótipos negativos com respeito à velhice em estudantes de cursos universitários relacionados e não relacionados com o campo da saúde. No total, 262 estudantes foram avaliados com o questionário CENVE e, para saber se existiam diferenças de estereótipos negativos entre os estudantes de acordo com sua habilitação, foi realizada uma análise ANOVA, além de comparações post hoc. Os resultados foram significativos com um nível de 5% e evidenciaram a existência de estereótipos negativos com respeito à velhice em estudantes de habilitações universitárias relacionadas e não relacionadas com o campo da saúde. Os ANOVA mostraram diferenças para o CENVE total (F3259 = 3.574; p = .015; n2 = .040), para a dimensão de motivação social (F3259 = 3.697; p = .012; n2 = .042) e para a dimensão de personalidade (F3259 = 5.157; p = .002; n2 = .057). As provas post hoc mostraram a existência de diferenças no grau de estereótipos negativos de acordo com as habilitações em curso, sendo que as habilitações de saúde mostraram menor grau em comparação com as demais.


Resumen Diversos estudios sobre estereotipos con estudiantes universitarios muestran que las personas mayores son percibidas más desde una imagen negativa que con estereotipos positivos. Teniendo en cuenta el creciente aumento de la población mayor en la actualidad, y con el fin de trabajar con personas mayores desde una visión positiva de sí mismos, es necesario que estos estereotipos desaparezcan. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar si existen estereotipos negativos hacia la vejez en estudiantes de carreras universitarias relacionadas y no relacionadas con el campo de la salud. En total, se evaluó a 262 estudiantes con el cuestionario CENVE, y, para saber si existían diferencias de estereotipos negativos entre los estudiantes según su titulación, se realizó un análisis ANOVA, además de comparaciones post hoc. Los resultados fueron significativos al nivel del 5 % y evidenciaron la existencia de estereotipos negativos hacia la vejez en estudiantes de títulos universitarios relacionados y no relacionados con el campo de la salud. Los ANOVA mostraron diferencias para el CENVE total (F3259 = 3.574; p = .015; η 2 = .040), para la dimensión de motivación social (F3259 = 3.697; p = .012; η2 = .042) y para la dimensión de personalidad (F3259 = 5.157; p = .002; η 2 = .057). Las pruebas post hoc mostraron la existencia de diferencias en el grado de estereotipos negativos según las titulaciones en curso, donde las titulaciones sanitarias mostraron menor grado en comparación con las demás.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Ageísmo
9.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03466, Jan.-Dez. 2019.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1020391

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Objetivo Describir la experiencia del cuidado familiar a la mujer con cáncer de mama durante el tratamiento, desde la perspectiva de los cuidadores en el contexto mexicano. Método Estudio cualitativo fenomenológico. Fueron realizadas entrevistas en profundidad con cuidadores de mujeres sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama seleccionados mediante muestreo intencional, acumulativo y secuencial. Se llevó a cabo un análisis de contenido convencional. Resultados Participaron siete cuidadores. Los cuidadores refieren sus experiencias positivas y negativas al asumir su rol de cuidadores informales en el contexto familiar. Sobre la fortaleza de la reciprocidad del cuidado y su recompensa, prevalecen los momentos críticos, los sentimientos negativos y la falta de recursos de apoyo durante la experiencia. Ello permite entender el vínculo del cuidado informal para potenciarlo con estrategias de afrontamiento y orientación especifica por parte del personal de enfermería. Conclusión Los participantes experimentaron una transformación en su identidad como cuidadores y al ser conscientes de su experiencia, fueron capaces de describir sus cualidades lo que incrementa sus estrategias de afrontamiento tanto de la enfermedad como de los desafíos del cuidado.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever a experiência do cuidado familiar com a mulher com câncer de mama durante o tratamento, do ponto de vista dos cuidadores no contexto mexicano. Método Estudo qualitativo fenomenológico. Foram realizadas entrevistas em profundidade com cuidadores de mulheres sobreviventes ao câncer de mama selecionados por meio de amostragem intencional, acumulativa e sequencial. Foi realizada uma análise de conteúdo convencional. Resultados Participaram sete cuidadores. Os cuidadores relatam suas experiências positivas e negativas ao assumir seu papel de cuidadores informais no contexto familiar. Sobre a força da reciprocidade do cuidado e sua recompensa, prevalecem os momentos críticos, os sentimentos negativos e a falta de recursos de apoio durante a experiência. Isso permite entender o vínculo do cuidado informal para potencializá-lo com estratégias de enfrentamento e orientação específica por parte do pessoal de enfermagem. Conclusão Os participantes experimentaram uma transformação na sua identidade como cuidadores e, ao ser conscientes da sua experiência, foram capazes de descrever suas qualidades, o que aumenta suas estratégias de enfrentamento tanto da doença quanto dos desafios do cuidado.


ABSTRACT Objective To describe the experience of family care to women with breast cancer during treatment from the perspective of caregivers in the Mexican context. Method Qualitative phenomenological study. In-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of women who survived breast cancer. Participants were selected by intentional, cumulative and sequential sampling. A conventional content analysis was performed. Results Participation of seven caregivers, who reported their positive and negative experiences when assuming their role as informal caregivers in the family context. On the strength of the reciprocity of care and its reward, prevailed critical moments, negative feelings, and lack of support resources during the experience. This enables the understanding of the informal care bond in order to enhance it with coping strategies and specific guidance from the nursing staff. Conclusion Participants experienced a transformation in their identity as caregivers and by being aware of their experience, they could describe their qualities, which increased their coping strategies with the disease and the care challenges.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Familia , Cuidadores/psicología , Enfermería Oncológica , Entrevista , Investigación Cualitativa
10.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2)jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003859

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: la incorporación de la ecografía a los métodos diagnósticos de los aneurismas aórticos abdominales favorece su detección precoz. Objetivo: Describir las características de los pacientes a quienes se les detectó precozmente un aneurisma aórtico abdominal. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 243 pacientes pertenecientes al área de salud del Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico "General Freyre de Andrade", clasificados como población de riesgo (hombres > 50 años y mujeres > 60 años). El periodo de estudio: noviembre de 2016 a octubre de 2017. Resultados: Se realizó el diagnóstico de aneurisma aórtico abdominal en 2,1 % (n= 5); en estos pacientes prevaleció el grupo de edad de 70 a79 años (80 %) y el sexo masculino (60 %). Los factores de riesgo predominantes fueron el tabaquismo, la hipertensión arterial y la enfermedad arterial periférica, todos con igual porcentaje (100 %). El segmento aórtico más afectado fue el infrarrenal (100 %), los diámetros aórticos predominantes fueron: transversal (3-3,9 cm), longitudinal (5-10 cm) y antero-posterior (3-3,9 cm). La proteína C reactiva estuvo incrementada (mayor de 5 mg/L) en el 100 % de los casos. La claudicación intermitente fue la más frecuente. Conclusiones: A pesar de la baja prevalencia porcentual encontrada, destaca en todos los pacientes con aneurisma aórtico abdominal la presencia de factores de riesgo relevantes como es el tabaquismo, la hipertensión arterial y la enfermedad arterial periférica; incremento en la concentración de la proteína C reactiva, afectación en el segmento infrarrenal así como alto porcentaje con edades por encima de 70 años.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysms in the population benefits from the incorporation of ultrasound to diagnostic methods due to the importance of their early detection. Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients who are early detected with an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 243 patients belonging to the health area of "General Freyre de Andrade" Clinical- Surgical Hospital that were classified as a risk population (men > 50 years and women > 60 years). The study was conducted from November 2016 to October 2017. Results: The diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm was performed in 2.1 % (n= 5); in these patients predominated the age group of 70 to 79 years (80 %), male sex (60 %) and white skin color (80 %). The predominant risk factors were smoking habit, arterial hypertension and peripheral arterial disease; all with equal percentage (100 %). The most affected aortic segment was the infrarenal (100 %), the predominant aortic diameters were: transversal (3-3.9 cm), longitudinal (5-10 cm) and anterior-posterior (3-3.9 cm). The C-reactive protein increased (greater than 5 mg/L) in 100 % of the cases. Intermittent claudication was the most frequent. Conclusions: Although the percentage prevalence of the disease was low, it was present in all the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm, risk factors that are favorable to aneurysms, high concentrations of C-reactive protein, affectation in the infrarenal aortic segment, and high percentage of ages of more than 70 years.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Proteína C-Reactiva/ultraestructura , Ultrasonografía/métodos , Aneurisma de la Aorta Abdominal/cirugía , Aneurisma de la Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagen , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Estudios Transversales , Factores de Riesgo
11.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(43): 967-973, 2019 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671083

RESUMEN

Among the 47,600 opioid-involved overdose deaths in the United States in 2017, 59.8% (28,466) involved synthetic opioids (1). Since 2013, synthetic opioids, particularly illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF), including fentanyl analogs, have been fueling the U.S. overdose epidemic (1,2). Although initially mixed with heroin, IMF is increasingly being found in supplies of cocaine, methamphetamine, and counterfeit prescription pills, which increases the number of populations at risk for an opioid-involved overdose (3,4). With the proliferation of IMF, opioid-involved overdose deaths have increased among minority populations including non-Hispanic blacks (blacks) and Hispanics, groups that have historically had low opioid-involved overdose death rates (5). In addition, metropolitan areas have experienced sharp increases in drug and opioid-involved overdose deaths since 2013 (6,7). This study analyzed changes in overdose death rates involving any opioid and synthetic opioids among persons aged ≥18 years during 2015-2017, by age and race/ethnicity across metropolitan areas. Nearly all racial/ethnic groups and age groups experienced increases in opioid-involved and synthetic opioid-involved overdose death rates, particularly blacks aged 45-54 years (from 19.3 to 41.9 per 100,000) and 55-64 years (from 21.8 to 42.7) in large central metro areas and non-Hispanic whites (whites) aged 25-34 years (from 36.9 to 58.3) in large fringe metro areas. Comprehensive and culturally tailored interventions are needed to address the rise in drug overdose deaths in all populations, including prevention strategies that address the risk factors for substance use across each racial/ethnic group, public health messaging to increase awareness about synthetic opioids in the drug supply, expansion of naloxone distribution for overdose reversal, and increased access to medication-assisted treatment.


Asunto(s)
Analgésicos Opioides/envenenamiento , Grupos de Población Continentales/estadística & datos numéricos , Sobredosis de Droga/etnología , Sobredosis de Droga/mortalidad , Grupos Étnicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Drogas Sintéticas/envenenamiento , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Afroamericanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Europea/estadística & datos numéricos , Hispanoamericanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
12.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(43): 961-966, 2019 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671084

RESUMEN

Diabetes affects approximately 12% of the U.S. adult population and approximately 25% of adults aged ≥65 years. From 2009 to 2017, there was no significant change in diabetes prevalence overall or among persons aged 65-79 years (1). However, these estimates were based on survey data with <5,000 older adults. Medicare administrative data sets, which contain claims for millions of older adults, afford an opportunity to explore both trends over time and heterogeneity within an older population. Previous studies have shown that claims data can be used to identify persons with diagnosed diabetes (2). This study estimated annual prevalence and incidence of diabetes during 2001-2015 using Medicare claims data for beneficiaries aged ≥68 years and found that prevalence plateaued after 2012 and incidence decreased after 2006. In 2015 (the most recent year estimated) prevalence was 31.6%, and incidence was 3.0%. Medicare claims can serve as an important source of data for diabetes surveillance for the older population, which can inform prevention and treatment strategies.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiología , Medicare/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Prevalencia , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
13.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(43): 985-989, 2019 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671085

RESUMEN

CDC, the Food and Drug Administration, state and local health departments, and other public health and clinical stakeholders are investigating a national outbreak of electronic-cigarette (e-cigarette), or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) (1). As of October 22, 2019, 49 states, the District of Columbia (DC), and the U.S. Virgin Islands have reported 1,604 cases of EVALI to CDC, including 34 (2.1%) EVALI-associated deaths in 24 states. Based on data collected as of October 15, 2019, this report updates data on patient characteristics and substances used in e-cigarette, or vaping, products (2) and describes characteristics of EVALI-associated deaths. The median age of EVALI patients who survived was 23 years, and the median age of EVALI patients who died was 45 years. Among 867 (54%) EVALI patients with available data on use of specific e-cigarette, or vaping, products in the 3 months preceding symptom onset, 86% reported any use of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-containing products, 64% reported any use of nicotine-containing products, and 52% reported use of both. Exclusive use of THC-containing products was reported by 34% of patients and exclusive use of nicotine-containing products by 11%, and for 2% of patients, no use of either THC- or nicotine-containing products was reported. Among 19 EVALI patients who died and for whom substance use data were available, 84% reported any use of THC-containing products, including 63% who reported exclusive use of THC-containing products; 37% reported any use of nicotine-containing products, including 16% who reported exclusive use of nicotine-containing products. To date, no single compound or ingredient used in e-cigarette, or vaping, products has emerged as the cause of EVALI, and there might be more than one cause. Because most patients reported using THC-containing products before symptom onset, CDC recommends that persons should not use e-cigarette, or vaping, products that contain THC. In addition, because the specific compound or ingredient causing lung injury is not yet known, and while the investigation continues, persons should consider refraining from the use of all e-cigarette, or vaping, products.


Asunto(s)
Brotes de Enfermedades , Sistemas Electrónicos de Liberación de Nicotina , Lesión Pulmonar/epidemiología , Vapeo/efectos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) , Dronabinol/toxicidad , Femenino , Humanos , Lesión Pulmonar/mortalidad , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
14.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 101(8): 606-608, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672035

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The 12-mm AirSeal® port is widely used in robotically assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy due to its ability to maintain stable pneumoperitoneal pressures and smoke evacuation. However, it creates a potential risk of port site hernia. We have traditionally used EndoClose™ to perform full thickness closure of this port, but noted that patients experienced increased pain related to this procedure, which sometimes persisted for several months. Using the Da Vinci Si we performed peritoneal closure with 2-0 vicryl by switching the fourth arm to the right master controller. The external oblique sheath was closed outside with 1 Ethibond. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed this closure in 20 consecutive patients (group 1). Postoperative day 1, 2 and post-discharge telephone consultation pain scores (1-10) were recorded and compared with the previous 20 consecutive patients who had the EndoClose closure (group 2). RESULTS: We recorded an instructional video to enable reproduction of the new technique. The mean length of stay was 1.5 days for patients in group 1 and 1.9 days for those in group 2 (P = 0.04). There was no difference in operating time or average day 1 pain scores. Post-discharge follow-up call revealed 1 of 20 patients who had AirSeal port site pain in group 1 and 5 of 17 in group 2 (P = 0.04). Pain scores also tended to be higher for group 2. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary analysis of this novel technique to close the AirSeal port in two separate layers improves postoperative pain related to this port site.


Asunto(s)
Laparoscopía/métodos , Prostatectomía/métodos , Neoplasias de la Próstata/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/métodos , Técnicas de Cierre de Heridas , Anciano , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tempo Operativo , Dimensión del Dolor/métodos , Dolor Postoperatorio/etiología , Dolor Postoperatorio/prevención & control , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Técnicas de Cierre de Heridas/efectos adversos
15.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 101(8): 571-578, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672036

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: There are no definitive data concerning the ideal configuration of ileocolic anastomosis. Aim of this study was to identify perioperative risk factors for anastomotic leak and for 60-day morbidity and mortality after ileocolic anastomoses (stapled vs handsewn). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a STROBE-compliant study. Demographic and surgical data were gathered from patients with an ileocolic anastomosis performed between November 2010 and September 2016 at a tertiary hospital. Anastomoses were performed using standardised techniques. Independent risk factors for anastomotic leak, complications and mortality were assessed. RESULTS: We included 477 patients: 53.7% of the anastomoses were hand sewn and 46.3% stapled. Laterolateral anastomosis was the most common configuration (93.3%). Anastomotic leak was diagnosed in 8.8% of patients and 36 were classified as major anastomotic leak (7.5%). In the multivariate analysis, male sex (P = 0.014, odds ratio, OR, 2.9), arterial hypertension (P = 0.048, OR 2.29) and perioperative transfusions (P < 0.001, OR 2.4 per litre) were independent risk factors for major anastomotic leak. The overall 60-day complication rate was 27.3%. Male sex (31.3% vs female 22.3%, P = 0.02, OR 1.7), diabetes (P = 0.03 OR 2.0), smoking habit (P = 0.04, OR 1.8) and perioperative transfusions (P < 0.001, OR 3.3 per litre) were independent risk factors for postoperative morbidity. The 60-day-mortality rate was 3.1% and no significant risk factors were identified. CONCLUSION: Anastomotic leak after ileocolic anastomosis is a relevant problem. Male sex, arterial hypertension and perioperative transfusions were associated with major anastomotic leak. Conversion to open surgery was more frequently associated with perioperative death.


Asunto(s)
Anastomosis Quirúrgica/métodos , Fuga Anastomótica/etiología , Colon/cirugía , Íleon/cirugía , Anciano , Anastomosis Quirúrgica/efectos adversos , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Sexuales , Grapado Quirúrgico/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura
16.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(44): 993-998, 2019 Nov 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697655

RESUMEN

Lung and bronchus (lung) cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States (1). In 2016, 148,869 lung cancer deaths were reported.* Most lung cancers can be attributed to modifiable exposures, such as tobacco use, secondhand smoke, radon, and asbestos (1). Exposure to lung cancer risk factors vary over time and by characteristics such as sex, age, and nonmetropolitan or metropolitan residence that might affect lung cancer rates (1,2). A recent report found that lung cancer incidence rates were higher and decreased more slowly in nonmetropolitan counties than in metropolitan counties (3). To examine whether lung cancer incidence trends among nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties differed by age and sex, CDC analyzed data from U.S. Cancer Statistics during 2007-2016, the most recent years for which data are available. During the 10-year study period, lung cancer incidence rates were stable among females aged <35, 45-64, and ≥75 years in nonmetropolitan counties, were stable among females aged <35 years in metropolitan counties, and decreased in all other groups. Overall, among males, lung cancer incidence rates decreased from 99 to 82 per 100,000 in nonmetropolitan areas and from 83 to 63 in metropolitan areas; among females, lung cancer incidence rates decreased from 61 to 58 in nonmetropolitan areas and from 57 to 50 in metropolitan areas. A comprehensive approach to lung cancer prevention and control includes such population-based strategies as screening for tobacco dependence, promoting tobacco cessation, implementing comprehensive smoke-free laws, testing all homes for radon and using proven methods to lower high radon levels, and reducing exposure to lung carcinogens such as asbestos (1). Increasing the implementation of these strategies, particularly among persons living in nonmetropolitan counties, might help to reduce disparities in the decline of lung cancer incidence.


Asunto(s)
Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiología , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
17.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(44): 999-1005, 2019 Nov 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697656

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences, such as violence victimization, substance misuse in the household, or witnessing intimate partner violence, have been linked to leading causes of adult morbidity and mortality. Therefore, reducing adverse childhood experiences is critical to avoiding multiple negative health and socioeconomic outcomes in adulthood. METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data were collected from 25 states that included state-added adverse childhood experience items during 2015-2017. Outcomes were self-reported status for coronary heart disease, stroke, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer (excluding skin cancer), kidney disease, diabetes, depression, overweight or obesity, current smoking, heavy drinking, less than high school completion, unemployment, and lack of health insurance. Logistic regression modeling adjusting for age group, race/ethnicity, and sex was used to calculate population attributable fractions representing the potential reduction in outcomes associated with preventing adverse childhood experiences. RESULTS: Nearly one in six adults in the study population (15.6%) reported four or more types of adverse childhood experiences. Adverse childhood experiences were significantly associated with poorer health outcomes, health risk behaviors, and socioeconomic challenges. Potential percentage reductions in the number of observed cases as indicated by population attributable fractions ranged from 1.7% for overweight or obesity to 23.9% for heavy drinking, 27.0% for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and 44.1% for depression. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE: Efforts that prevent adverse childhood experiences could also potentially prevent adult chronic conditions, depression, health risk behaviors, and negative socioeconomic outcomes. States can use comprehensive public health approaches derived from the best available evidence to prevent childhood adversity before it begins. By creating the conditions for healthy communities and focusing on primary prevention, it is possible to reduce risk for adverse childhood experiences while also mitigating consequences for those already affected by these experiences.


Asunto(s)
Adultos Sobrevivientes de Eventos Adversos Infantiles/estadística & datos numéricos , Experiencias Adversas de la Infancia/estadística & datos numéricos , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Adolescente , Adulto , Adultos Sobrevivientes de Eventos Adversos Infantiles/psicología , Anciano , Femenino , Conductas de Riesgo para la Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
18.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 796-802, 2019 Nov 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665853

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and prognostic factors in core binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) under current therapy modalities, therefore optimizing the treatment strategies. Methods: Standard cytological and immune methods including next generation sequencing (NGS) were used for risk stratification. Complete remission (CR) rate, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed by multivariate Logistic and Cox regression models in a total of 206 adults (aged 16-65 years) with CBF-AML, including 152 AML patients with t(8;21) and 54 with inv(16). Results: The CR rate of inv(16) patients after first course was 54/54(100%), significantly higher than that of t(8;21) patients [127/147(86.4%), P=0.005]. The fusion transcript level and KIT mutation were independent factors related to CR rate in t(8;21) patients (P=0.044 and 0.027; respectively). DFS and OS in inv(16) patients tended to be more superior than that in t(8;21) patients (P=0.066 for DFS; P=0.306 for OS; respectively). Multivariate Cox identified negative expression of CD(19) and female gender the independent predictors of inferior DFS in t(8;21) patients (P=0.000 for CD(19); P=0.006 for sex; respectively). Analysis of combining CD(19) with gender indicated that females/CD(1)(9-)subpopulation had significantly poor DFS than did males/CD(19)(+) ones (Bonferroni-P<0.000 01). The number of mutations in each patient, FLT3-ITD and additional karyotype abnormalities did not affect CR rate and DFS (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Patients with inv(16) have better induction response than those with t(8;21). High level of fusion transcripts and positive KIT mutation are associated with low CR rate in t(8;21) patients. Negative CD(19) expression and female gender are independent predictors of inferior DFS in t(8;21) patients.


Asunto(s)
Factores de Unión al Sitio Principal , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Inducción de Remisión , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Factores de Unión al Sitio Principal/genética , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidad , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Adulto Joven
19.
Orv Hetil ; 160(45): 1791-1797, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680539

RESUMEN

Introduction: There are conflicting data on the prevalence and prognosis of AMI patients with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA). Aim: We studied the prevalence and prognosis of MINOCA patients. Method: In the Hungarian Myocardial Infarction Registry (HUMIR) 45,223 patients (pts) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were found who were treated between Jan 1, 2014, and June 30, 2018, and coronary arteriography was performed. ST-elevation myocardial infarction was diagnosed in 22,469 pts (49.7%). Patients without obstructive coronary artery disease who had no previous myocardial infarction, heart failure, PCI and CABG procedure were selected to the MINOCA group (n = 2003). Patients with obstructive coronary artery disease belonged to the MICAD group (n = 43,220). We investigated clinical characteristics of the patients, overall survival and reinfarction. Survival curves were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method and were modeled with the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The proportion of MINOCA pts among all myocardial infarction was by 4.4% higher in the STEMI pts compared to the NSTEMI group (2.0% vs. 6.8%). The MINOCA pts were younger (age 64.0 ± 14.4 vs. 65.5 ± 12.2 years), and the proportion of women was higher (55.7% vs. 36.5%). Hypertension, diabetes mellitus and peripheral artery disease were more common in the MICAD group (79.1% vs. 73.7%, 33.0% vs. 21.2%, and 12% vs. 8%). The mortality was higher among the MICAD pts. In the MINOCA group, the mortality of men did not differ between STEMI and NSTEMI, as opposed to women: women with STEMI had higher mortality than women with NSTEMI. The risk of reinfarction was higher in the MICAD group, especially in NSTEMI, the risk in the MINOCA group was lower, and there was no substantial difference between types. Conclusion: In this real word, retrospective, observational study, we found a significant difference in the prevalence of MINOCA pts according to different types of myocardial infarction. In the MINOCA group, the mortality of women with STEMI was substantially higher. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(45): 1791-1797.


Asunto(s)
Vasos Coronarios/fisiopatología , Infarto del Miocardio/cirugía , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Anciano , Angiografía Coronaria , Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Femenino , Humanos , Hungría/epidemiología , Estimación de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico , Infarto del Miocardio/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Pronóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Distribución por Sexo
20.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 1): 1602-1606, 2019.
Artículo en Polaco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586970

RESUMEN

All over world people live longer. In highly civilized societies the elderly people are half of the population. The old age crowns the whole life, it is the period when one enjoys the fruits of his labours. The man, when living on earth, completes a certain cycle which begins with the birth and is crowned with the old age. Each age is somehow beautiful but the extreme happiness is to go through the whole cycle. The old age is the specific beauty enriched with the past which had prepared it. Through their whole life one should be preparing to have successful, cheerful old age as it crowns air existence. The elderly like calmness, rest, silence and deadened sounds. Thanks to these traits they make every environment harmonious, calm and peaceful. They do it subconsciously thanks to their existence, exclusively through their own presence because these traits are the inherent part of their lives. The old age is God's grace given to man. That is why we may easily say that in their hand an old man holds their life's achievements that they will introduce to God one day.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/psicología , Felicidad , Anciano , Humanos
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