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1.
Med Gas Res ; 13(1): 10-14, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946217

RESUMEN

The intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) can be used for ventilation and oxygenation between intubation attempts, but there is a varied success rate ranging from 33% to 96%. Air Q is a relatively new entrant. Parker flex tube aids in atraumatic intubation. The primary aim of this study was to compare Air Q intubating laryngeal airway with ILMA as intubation conduits in patients with simulated fixed cervical spine using a Parker flex tube. It was a single-blinded, randomized, prospective, and comparative study conducted on 91 patients aged between 18 to 60 years of either sex, scheduled to undergo elective surgery under general anesthesia belonging to the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II. Out of 45 patients in each group, Air Q was successfully placed in 43 patients and ILMA was successfully placed in 44 patients. 35.56% of the patients required maneuvers for placing the Air Q, whereas, for placing the ILMA, only 15.56% of the patients required maneuvers. Intubation through the AIR Q was successful in 39 patients and through the ILMA in 44 patients, but there was no significant difference between the two groups. The number of attempts and the time of device insertion were comparable. There were a similar number of attempts, maneuvers required, and time is taken for endotracheal intubation. The incidence of cough and sore throat was comparable in both groups. We conclude that ILMA has a higher success rate than Air Q for tracheal intubation with Parker Flex tube in patients with simulated fixed cervical spine. More optimized maneuvers were required for the placement of Air Q.


Asunto(s)
Máscaras Laríngeas , Adolescente , Adulto , Anestesia General , Vértebras Cervicales , Humanos , Intubación Intratraqueal , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Adulto Joven
2.
Rev. esp. anestesiol. reanim ; 69(9): 587-591, Nov. 2022. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-211682

RESUMEN

El síndrome de Phelan-McDermid (PMS) es una enfermedad rara del neurodesarrollo, provocada por una mutación autosómica dominante debido a la deleción terminal de 22q13, dando lugar a un defecto en la proteína SHANK3. Presentamos el caso clínico de una paciente de 12 años con este síndrome, sometida a 3 intervenciones que precisaron de anestesia general. En ninguna de ellas presentó complicaciones intra o postoperatorias.(AU)


Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disease, caused by an autosomal dominant mutation due to the terminal deletion of 22q13, leading to a defect in the SHANK3 protein. We present the clinical case of a 12-year-old patient with this syndrome, who underwent three interventions that required general anesthesia. In none of them did she present intraoperative or postoperative complications.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Niño , Anestesia General , Trastornos del Neurodesarrollo , Trastorno Autístico , Hipnóticos y Sedantes , Pacientes Internos , Examen Físico , Enfermedades Raras , Anestesiología , Reanimación Cardiopulmonar , España
3.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18564, 2022 Nov 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329088

RESUMEN

Upper airway collapsibility after anaesthesia induction may be associated with unpredictable difficult airway. However, most works on airway anatomy are tended to morphological description before anaesthesia. This study aimed to evaluate the changes of upper airway after anaesthesia induction and using pre-anesthetic ultrasound measurements to predict Difficult Laryngoscopy (DL). We included 104 eligible subjects with complete data, who were performed tracheal intubations under general anaesthesia in the study. The upper airway changes before and after anaesthesia induction were determined by seven neck ultrasound measurements, included as follow: (1) Distance from skin to under surface of Tongue (DT), (2) Thickness of the thickest part of Tongue body (TT), (3) Hyoid Mental Distance (HMD), (4) Depth of Hyoid (DH), (5) Width of Hyoid (WH), (6) Distance from Skin to Epiglottis (DSE), (7) Depth of the anterior combination of the Vocal Cords (DVC). DL was evaluated with Cormack-Lehane (CL). Data regarding HMD [from 45.3 (42.4-48.5) to 41.1 (38.5-44.9) mm], DH [from 8.7 (6.6-10.9) to 7.0 (5.3-9.1) mm], DSE [from 20.1 (16.6-22.5) to 19.5 (16.5-21.6) mm] and the DVC [from 7.1 (5.7-8.3) to 6.8 (5.7-7.9) mm] were decreased (P < 0.05), while the DT [from 15.9 (13.1-18.4) to 17.4 (14.5-19.8) mm] was increased (P > 0.05) after anaesthesia induction. Additionally, when cut-off value of DSE was 21.25 mm before anaesthesia, it may be better predicted to DL [sensitivity 80.0% (95% CI: 60.7-91.6%) and specificity 83.8% (95% CI: 73.0-91.0%)]. The upper airway after induction showed the propensity of collapsibility by ultrasound measurements. Compared with other indicators, the DSE assessed by ultrasound might be considered to a valuable predictor of DL.Trial registration: The study was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov on 23th Jan 2019, ChiCTR1900021123.


Asunto(s)
Laringoscopía , Laringe , Humanos , Intubación Intratraqueal , Laringe/diagnóstico por imagen , Anestesia General , Epiglotis
4.
J Med Case Rep ; 16(1): 408, 2022 Nov 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333724

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Tapia's syndrome is a rare complication of airway manipulation under general anesthesia. Injuries to the vagus nerve (X) and hypoglossal nerve (XII) during transoral intubation are the primary cause of the disease. The typical symptoms include hoarseness, dysarthria, dysphagia, tongue muscle atrophy, and tongue deviation toward the affected side. We report a case of Tapia's syndrome treated with electroacupuncture to accelerate the recovery process, and discuss the potential mechanism behind our findings based on previous research. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we describe a 57-year-old Chinese man who suffered Tapia's syndrome after craniotomy evacuation of hematoma with general anesthesia and transoral intubation. After 52 days of electroacupuncture therapy along with standard swallowing training, the patient achieved significant improvement in deglutition and speech function. CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture is effective and safe for Tapia's syndrome. It can shorten the recovery time when combined with routine swallowing rehabilitation.


Asunto(s)
Electroacupuntura , Enfermedades del Nervio Hipogloso , Masculino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Electroacupuntura/efectos adversos , Síndrome , Enfermedades del Nervio Hipogloso/complicaciones , Enfermedades del Nervio Hipogloso/diagnóstico , Anestesia General/efectos adversos , Intubación Intratraqueal/efectos adversos
7.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(10): 1584-1586, 2022 Oct 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329596

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of continuous low-dose infusion of esmolamine on intraoperative dosage of opioids and awakening quality in general anesthesia in pediatric surgeries. METHODS: A total of 100 children (6-8 years of age) undergoing pediatric surgery under general anesthesia were randomized equally into observation group and control group.In the observation group, the children received an intravenous injection of 0.1mg/kg esmolamine 10 min before induction of general anesthesia, followed by intravenous infusion of esmolamine at 2 µg•kg-1•min-1 until the end of the operation; those in the control group were infused with the same volume of normal saline instead of esmolamine in the same manner.The dosage of remifentanil during operation, recovery time of spontaneous breathing, recovery time of consciousness and extubation time were recorded in all the cases.The VAS score at 15, 30 and 60 min after extubation were assessed, and intravenous injection of naborphine 0.3 mg/kg was given for a VAS score ≥4;the total dosage of naborphine and adverse events were recorded for all the patients. RESULTS: The total dose of remifentanil was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group, but the spontaneous respiratory recovery time, consciousness recovery time and extubation time did not differ significantly between the two groups.The VAS scores at 15, 30 and 60 min after extubation were all better in the observation group than in the control group; the total intraoperative dose of naborphine was significantly lower in the observation group. CONCLUSION: Continuous infusion of low-dose esmolamine during pediatric surgery can effectively lower intraoperative dosage of opioids and reduce pain during recovery without affecting the quality of awakening.


Asunto(s)
Analgésicos Opioides , Anestesia General , Niño , Humanos , Remifentanilo
8.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(6): 710-715, 2022 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36416325

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the clinical and pathological characteristics of congenital granular cell tumors and provide some references for clinical diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment. METHODS: Nine ca-ses of congenital granular cell tumors who visited the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from February 2008 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Herein, its clinical characteristics, pathological characteristics, treatment, and prognosis were summarized and analyzed. RESULTS: We found that nine patients were all female, aged 1­38 days when they saw the doctor. Three of them were attached in maxillary and the other six were attached in mandible. Meanwhile, six tumors were found during the mother's pregnancy at 28-39 weeks and three tumors were found at the baby's birth. One case was excised surgically under local anesthesia, and the other cases were excised surgically under general anesthesia. After 1 month to 12 years of follow-up, patients have no recurrence, however, two cases emerged new teeth from the tumor resection site. Histopathology of all excised lesions was congenital granular cell lesion. CONCLUSIONS: Congenital granular cell tumor is a benign tumor and the prognosis is good. Therefore, surgical resection of the tumor can be done without extensive resection, and it generally does not relapse. Thus, ultrasonography during pregnancy is an important method for the early detection of congenital granular cell epulis.


Asunto(s)
Tumor de Células Granulares , Lactante , Niño , Embarazo , Humanos , Femenino , Tumor de Células Granulares/diagnóstico , Tumor de Células Granulares/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Anestesia General , Diagnóstico Diferencial
9.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(8): e820-e822, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409857

RESUMEN

Nasotracheal intubation is the preferred route for general anesthesia maintenance in patients undergoing maxillofacial surgery or dental procedures. However, compression of the tracheal tube may cause superficial necrosis of the nasal wing and deformation of the external nose. Thus, proper fixation of the tracheal tube during nasotracheal intubation is important for the patient's safety as well as that of the medical staff. Recently, a nasotracheal tube support device has been developed; thus, in this study, the aim was to present and describe the Sverzut nasotracheal tube support device and discuss the advantages of its use during nasal intubation in cervicomaxillofacial surgery. Findings from this study show that the Sverzut nasotracheal tube support device can contribute to the stabilization of the nasotracheal tube and all its connectors, aiding in the maintenance of the airway patency and minimizing the complications related to this type of intubation.


Asunto(s)
Anestesia General , Intubación Intratraqueal , Humanos , Intubación Intratraqueal/métodos , Nariz , Respiración Artificial , Ergonomía
10.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 16: 3957-3974, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411859

RESUMEN

Remimazolam (CNS7056) is a novel benzodiazepine for intravenous sedation; it has an ultra-short duration of action and was recently approved for use in procedural sedation and general anaesthesia. It acts on γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors and is rapidly converted into an inactive metabolite by tissue esterase enzymes. Remimazolam has been successfully used in endoscopic inspection or surgery and general anaesthesia induction and maintenance with fast and predictable onset and recovery times, high procedure success rates, and minor respiratory and hemodynamic fluctuations and without serious drug-related adverse reactions. If needed, the effects of remimazolam can be reversed by flumazenil, which allows prompt termination of sedation. Although remimazolam has great potential for sedation in patients admitted to intensive care units, future studies are needed to evaluate its efficacy and safety in patients requiring sedation for a long period, and numerous studies are warranted to explore the optimal dose in different application scenarios. The review aimed to provide an introduction to the process of remimazolam synthesis and its current clinical uses and future clinical developments.


Asunto(s)
Anestésicos , Hipnóticos y Sedantes , Humanos , Hipnóticos y Sedantes/efectos adversos , Midazolam/uso terapéutico , Método Doble Ciego , Benzodiazepinas/farmacología , Anestesia General
11.
Can J Surg ; 65(6): E739-E748, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347535

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Wait times for many elective orthopedic surgical procedures in Ontario have become unacceptably long and substantially exceed the recommended guidelines. As a consequence, many patients experience chronic pain, disability and other poor health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to test a novel, resource-saving redesign of outpatient operating room (OR) services, based on tiered grouping of surgical cases, to maximize health benefits for patients while improving efficiency and decreasing wait times. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled adult patients scheduled to undergo unilateral lower limb procedures that had a low requirement for surgical resources and did not require admission to the hospital (ambulatory surgical services) at an academic hospital. Patients were randomly assigned to a conventional OR group or a high-efficiency (tiered) OR group, in which the intensity of surgical, anesthesia and nursing resources was matched to the procedure and the patient's health status. The tiered OR made use of local anesthesia and a block room rather than general anesthesia. Primary outcomes were costs of surgical services provided and patient health outcomes; secondary outcomes were patient and staff satisfaction with each OR setup. RESULTS: The costs associated with the high-efficiency OR were 60% lower than those associated with the conventional OR (this was primarily due to the streamlining of OR care and elimination of the need to use a postanesthetic care unit), with the same or equivalent patient health outcomes. No differences in patient and staff satisfaction were found between the 2 setups. CONCLUSION: The use of tiered, ambulatory services for elective orthopedic surgery does not compromise health outcomes and patient satisfaction, and it is associated with substantial cost savings.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos , Quirófanos , Adulto , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Eficiencia , Anestesia General
12.
Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) ; 80(4): 257-262, 2022 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403955

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Spinal anesthesia (SA) is the preferred method of anesthesia at many centers for total joint arthro- plasty (TJA). However, a small subset of patients fails SA, necessitating a conversion to general anesthesia (GA). This report assesses the patient characteristics associated with failed SA. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients who underwent SA during their primary TJA between Janu- ary 2015 and December 2016 at our institution. A subset of this group required a conversion from SA to GA. Anesthesia reports were reviewed for the number of attempts at SA and the documented reason for failure. The SA failure cohort was then subdivided into failure categories based on the reasons that had been provided. RESULTS: A total of 5,706 patients were included in this study, 78 of which experienced SA failure. The number of attempts was most strongly associated with SA failure, with three attempts resulting in a five times increased failure rate (OR = 4.73, p = 0.010) and four attempts resulting in 12 times increased failure rate compared to the no failure cohort (OR = 12.3, p < 0.001). Greater than two attempts occurred in 87.5% of the "technical failure" sub-group of the SA failure cohort (p < 0.001). No difference was demon- strated among the other patient characteristics, such as age, sex, body mass index, race, American Society of Anesthesia (ASA) score, and surgical time. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the major predic- tor influencing spinal to general anesthesia conversion was the number of attempts at SA, especially among technical failure cases. Based on the results, it may be appropriate for anesthesiologists to convert to GA after two failed spi- nal attempts. Further studies are warranted to assess this relationship for firm clinical recommendations.


Asunto(s)
Anestesia General , Anestesia Raquidea , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Anestesia General/efectos adversos , Anestesia Raquidea/métodos , Columna Vertebral , Artroplastia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(45): e31400, 2022 Nov 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397390

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the potential advantages of midazolam co-induction with general anesthesia (GA) over the use of propofol alone. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blinded clinical trial of 102 patients, aged 18 to 65, American Society of Anesthesiologists II and III, who underwent elective laparoscopic gallbladder surgery. Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: the placebo group (C) received 1 mL of 0.9% saline intravenously and the test groups received intravenous midazolam at doses of 0.03 mg/kg (M1) or 0.06 mg/kg (M2) before induction of GA. We assessed effects of midazolam co-induction on arterial pressure and heart rate (HR) in the early stage of GA prior to surgical incision and effects on perioperative and postoperative glycemia and cortisol levels. Systolic/mean/diastolic (SAP/MAP/DAP) arterial pressure and HR were measured 4 times (preoperative, on the third, sixth and ninth minute after atracurium administration). Cortisol was measured on 3 occasions (preoperatively, 60 minutes after surgical incision, and the following morning) and glucose on 4 occasions (preoperatively, 15 and 60 minutes after incision, and the following morning). We also assessed the incidence of postoperative anxiety, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and propofol requirement for induction. RESULTS: SAP/MAP/DAP were significantly higher in M2 immediately after induction compared to the other study groups (P = .002/.004/.013). Midazolam co-induction led to a significant reduction in postoperative anxiety (P = .03), reduced cortisol concentration 60 minutes after surgical incision (P < .001) and propofol requirements (P < .001). CONCLUSION SUBSECTIONS: Midazolam co-induction prevented a marked decline in SAP/MAP/DAP immediately after induction of GA, led to reduced postoperative anxiety and cortisol response to surgery, and reduced propofol requirements for induction.


Asunto(s)
Propofol , Herida Quirúrgica , Humanos , Midazolam , Anestésicos Intravenosos , Herida Quirúrgica/tratamiento farmacológico , Hidrocortisona , Anestesia General
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(44): e31530, 2022 Nov 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343041

RESUMEN

Little is known about the association between serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after general anesthesia. Thus, we investigated the association of serum ALP levels with POCD in patients who underwent surgery with general anesthesia in a retrospective cohort study. We retrospectively collected data from patients who underwent surgery with general anesthesia between May 2016 and June 2020. Serum ALP activity was detected using a p-nitrophenyl phosphate assay. Pre-and postoperative cognitive function were evaluated using the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to explore the effect of ALP on cognitive function. The incidence of POCD was 13.5%. Compared with the control group, the POCD group had higher ALP levels. The neuropsychological test results suggested that the scores of most items were lower in the POCD group than in the non-POCD group. Univariate logistic regression indicated that increased ALP levels were significantly associated with cognitive dysfunction (odds ratio = 1.15, 95% confidence interval: 1.13-1.18, P = .000). Multivariate regression showed that elevated ALP was still associated with POCD after adjusting for confounding factors (odds ratio = 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.13-1.18, P = .000). The spline regression model indicated the dose-response associations between ALP level and POCD risk (P for nonlinear trend < .001). Our study indicated that elevated serum ALP was an independent predictive factor of POCD at the 3-month follow-up. The occurrence of POCD could be associated with inflammatory status.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Cognitiva , Complicaciones Cognitivas Postoperatorias , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fosfatasa Alcalina , Disfunción Cognitiva/epidemiología , Disfunción Cognitiva/etiología , Disfunción Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Anestesia General/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico , Pruebas Neuropsicológicas
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(44): e31191, 2022 Nov 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343067

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Phase-lag entropy (PLE) based on functional connectivity between different regions of the brain may be superior to conventional depth of anesthesia (DoA) methods for monitoring changes in consciousness. However, few studies have compared the PLE and bispectral index (BIS) methods for monitoring consciousness during clinical anesthesia, such as total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) or anesthesia via inhalation. Therefore, we evaluated differences between the PLE and BIS methods in clinical anesthesia, including TIVA using propofol and anesthesia with sevoflurane. METHODS: The observational trial included 60 patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia. The BIS and PLE electrodes were placed together on the left temporal-frontal area of all patients. During anesthesia, anesthetic levels were adjusted using the BIS values, which are generally used to monitor the DoA; the level of anesthesia was maintained at between 40 and 60. BIS- and PLE-derived values were recorded continuously. Anesthetic events, the concentration of each anesthetic, and standard monitoring values were recorded. The patients included were divided into 2 groups, the TIVA and sevoflurane groups, with 30 patients in each. For the TIVA group, anesthesia was induced and maintained using propofol and remifentanil target-controlled infusion. For the sevoflurane group, anesthesia was induced using propofol and maintained using sevoflurane and remifentanil. RESULTS: From loss of consciousness until the anesthetic maintenance period, PLE values were higher than BIS values at several time points. During the recovery period, BIS values were higher than PLE values (all P < .001). Spaghetti plots showed that there was more variation among the BIS values than among the PLE values. CONCLUSIONS: For monitoring DoA during general anesthesia and surgery, PLE values vary less than BIS values; thus, PLE may be more reliable for monitoring changes in consciousness. However, further studies are needed to evaluate the clinical application of these methods in general anesthesia.


Asunto(s)
Propofol , Humanos , Propofol/farmacología , Sevoflurano , Anestésicos Intravenosos/farmacología , Remifentanilo , Entropía , Electroencefalografía/métodos , Anestesia General/métodos , Anestesia Intravenosa
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(44): e31351, 2022 Nov 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343073

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: Operative hysteroscopy intravascular absorption syndrome (OHIAS) results from systemic absorption of hypotonic solution during hysteroscopy, which may induce severe hyponatremia within hours. Depending on the serum sodium (Na+) level, this can be life-threatening and requires prompt and careful remedial treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: A 53-year-old woman underwent hysteroscopic myomectomy for submucosal leiomyoma. Approximately 3 hours postoperatively, the serum Na+ level decreased to 82 mM/L, accompanied by pulmonary edema and lactic acidosis. The patient was strongly suspicious of OHIAS. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: A rapid correction was made using 3% NaCl to prevent brain edema as an initial response. After the serum Na+ level reached 120 mM/L, gradual correction was performed considering osmotic demyelination syndrome, and desmopressin was administered to prevent overcorrection caused by excessive water diuresis. Serum Na+ level normalized in 4 days and the patient recovered without any specific sequelae. LESSONS: The detection of OHIAS may be delayed under general anesthesia, and prior vigilance is important if the operation time is prolonged. In severe hyponatremia with an apparently rapid onset, such as OHIAS, a two-step correction process may be safe and useful: rapid correction followed by more gradual correction.


Asunto(s)
Hiponatremia , Leiomioma , Femenino , Embarazo , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Hiponatremia/terapia , Histeroscopía/efectos adversos , Sodio , Leiomioma/complicaciones , Anestesia General/efectos adversos , Síndrome
18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361140

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory infection (ARI) can significantly reduce postoperative quality of life and impair the recovery of older adult patients with lower-limb fractures, and its relationship with methods of anesthesia remains inconclusive. Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan, this study examined the data of patients who received surgical management for lower-limb fractures and compared those who underwent general anesthesia (GA) with those who underwent regional anesthesia (RA) in terms of their incidence of acute upper and lower respiratory infection during the one-month postoperative period. The study also identified related risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Approximately two million patients were randomly sampled from the NHIRD registry. We identified and enrolled patients with lower-limb fractures who were over 60 years old and underwent GA or RA during surgeries conducted between 2010 and 2017. We divided these patients into two groups for further analysis. The outcome of this study was the development of ARI during the one-month postoperative period. RESULTS: In total, 45,032 patients (GA group, 19,580 patients; RA group, 25,452 patients) with a mean age of 75.0 ± 8.9 years were included in our study. The incidence of postoperative ARI within one month of surgery was 8.0% (1562 patients) in the GA group and 9.5% (2412 patients) in the RA group, revealing a significant difference. The significant risk factors for the incidence of ARI were the application of RA for surgery, older age, hypertension, liver disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A subgroup analysis revealed that the RA method was associated with a significantly higher ARI incidence relative to the GA method among patients aged between 60 and 80 years, among male patients, among the patients with or without any comorbidity and among the patients without COPD. CONCLUSION: The incidence of postoperative ARI within one month of surgery was higher among older patients with lower-limb fractures who received RA for surgery than among those who received GA for surgery. The other major risk factors for ARI were older age, hypertension, liver disease, and COPD. Therefore, we should focus on patients with a high risk of developing ARI, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Anestesia Raquidea , COVID-19 , Fracturas Óseas , Hipertensión , Traumatismos de la Pierna , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Humanos , Masculino , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anestesia Raquidea/efectos adversos , Incidencia , Calidad de Vida , Pandemias , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Anestesia General/efectos adversos , Fracturas Óseas/epidemiología , Fracturas Óseas/cirugía , Extremidad Inferior/cirugía , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/etiología , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
20.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 22(1): 360, 2022 Nov 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424554

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing oral and maxillofacial surgeries under general anesthesia usually require nasotracheal intubation. When presented with patients with equally patent nostrils, selection of the nostril to use for intubation is an important decision for facilitating intubation. The objective of this trial is to determine whether choice of nostril impacts nasotracheal intubation when using a video rigid stylet in patients undergoing oral and maxillofacial surgery. METHODS: Fifty patients scheduled for elective oral and maxillofacial surgery requiring nasotracheal intubation were randomly allocated into two groups to undergo nasotracheal intubation through the left nostril (Group L, n = 25) or the right nostril (Group R, n = 25). Intubation was performed by experienced anesthesiologists using a video rigid stylet. The primary endpoint was time to successful intubation, which was defined as the duration from when the tip of the stylet-tube assembly entered the selected nostril to when the tube entered the trachea. Secondary outcomes included: length of time for device insertion; length of time for tube insertion; total success rate; first-attempt success rate; number of intubation attempts; requirement of airway assisted maneuvers; incidence and severity of epistaxis. Intubation-related adverse events were monitored for up to postoperative 24 h. RESULTS: Median time (interquartile range) to tracheal intubation was 25.3 seconds (20.7 to 27.6) in Group L and 26.8 seconds (22.5 to 30.0) in Group R (median difference (MD) = 1.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.8 to 5.7, P = 0.248). Nasotracheal intubation was successful in all patients in both groups and the first-attempt success rates in both groups were similar (Group L: 96% (24/25); Group R: 96% (24/25); relative risk (RR) 1.0; 95% CI 0.9 to 1.1; P > 0.999). No significant difference of requirement of assisted maneuvers was noted between the two groups (Group L: 36% (9/25); Group R: 28% (7/25); RR 0.8; 95% CI 0.3-1.8; P = 0.544). Furthermore, all patients showed a high quality of visualization of the glottis (Cormack and Lehane Grade I). For safety outcomes, the incidence and severity of epistaxis during intubation was comparable between the two groups. There were no significant differences between the selection of nostrils and intubation-related adverse events up to 24 h after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: When considering which nostril to use for intubation with video rigid stylet, either nostril can be used similarly. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov . Identifier: NCT05218590.


Asunto(s)
Epistaxis , Intubación Intratraqueal , Humanos , Epistaxis/etiología , Tráquea , Glotis , Anestesia General
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