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1.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-47462

RESUMEN

Pesquisadoras da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, conduziram o estudo “Fatores associados à ideação suicida em cuidadores de sobreviventes de acidente vascular encefálico”, publicado na Rev Rene (vol. 21), o qual objetivou identificar os fatores associados à presença de ideação suicida em cuidadores de sobreviventes de acidente vascular encefálico (AVE). Os resultados mostraram que 76,8% desses cuidadores tiveram níveis normais de depressão, ansiedade (76,2%) e estresse (79,5%). Contudo, 29,1% apresentou pensamentos de ideação suicida. Desses, 23,2% relataram ter esses pensamentos entre uma ou duas vezes na semana.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Cuidadores/psicología , Síntomas Conductuales , Depresión , Salud Mental , Estrés Psicológico , Ansiedad
2.
Med Sci Monit Basic Res ; 26: e924085, 2020 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389999

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to understand the changes in psychological factors and sleep status of front-line medical staff in the fight against COVID-19 and provide evidence of exercise interventions to relieve psychological stress and improve sleep status for medical staff. MATERIAL AND METHODS A survey study was conducted among 120 front-line medical staff in the fight against COVID-19, of which 60 medical staff worked at the designated hospital (experimental group) and 60 medical staff worked at the non-designated hospital (control group). The Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), and PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) were used to assess mental status. Sleep status was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). RESULTS SCL-90 scores of somatization, depression, anxiety, and terror were higher than normal in front-line medical staff at the designated hospital. The SAS (45.89±1.117), SDS (50.13±1.813), and PCL-C (50.13±1.813) scores in the experimental group were higher than the normal control group, and were significantly different from those in the control group on SDS and PCL-C scales (P<0.05). The total average PSQI of the experimental group was 16.07±3.761, indicating that the sleep quality was poor. Among them, participants with moderate insomnia reached 61.67%, and participants with severe insomnia reached 26.67%. CONCLUSIONS There are psychological symptoms and sleep symptoms in front-line medical staff who participate in the fight against COVID-19, and they affect each other. Hospitals should improve emergency management measures, strengthen psychological counseling for clinical front-line medical staff, strengthen exercise intervention, and improve their sleep quality and mental health.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Disomnias/psicología , Terapia por Ejercicio , Personal de Salud/psicología , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Sueño/fisiología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedad/epidemiología , China/epidemiología , Consejo , Depresión/epidemiología , Disomnias/epidemiología , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Latencia del Sueño/fisiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología
3.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(2): 203-208, 2020 May 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32391665

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors of anxiety and depression in patients with suspected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) so as to achieve early intervention and better clinical prognosis. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with suspected COVID-19 in fever isolation wards of Second Hospital of Lanzhou University were enrolled From January 31, 2020 to February 22, 2020. Their clinical baseline data were collected. The anxiety of patients was assessed by Hamilton Anxiety Scale, and the depression of patients was assessed by Hamilton Depression Scale. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the risk factors of anxiety and depression in these patients. RESULTS: Female patients are more likely to have anxiety (OR=3.206, 95%CI: 1.073-9.583, P<0.05) and depression (OR=9.111, 95%CI: 2.143-38.729, P<0.01) than male patients; patients with known contact history of epidemic area and personnel in epidemic area are more likely to have depression (OR=3.267, 95%CI: 1.082-9.597, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: During the isolation treatment of suspected COVID-19 patients, early psychological intervention should be carried out for the female patients with known contact history of epidemic area and personnel in epidemic area, and drug treatment should be given in advance if necessary.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Depresión , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Ansiedad/etiología , Ansiedad/terapia , Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Depresión/diagnóstico , Depresión/etiología , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Neumonía Viral/complicaciones , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Factores de Riesgo
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370116

RESUMEN

The uncontrolled spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has called for unprecedented measures, to the extent that the Italian government has imposed a quarantine on the entire country. Quarantine has a huge impact and can cause considerable psychological strain. The present study aims to establish the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms and identify risk and protective factors for psychological distress in the general population. An online survey was administered from 18-22 March 2020 to 2766 participants. Multivariate ordinal logistic regression models were constructed to examine the associations between sociodemographic variables; personality traits; depression, anxiety, and stress. Female gender, negative affect, and detachment were associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. Having an acquaintance infected was associated with increased levels of both depression and stress, whereas a history of stressful situations and medical problems was associated with higher levels of depression and anxiety. Finally, those with a family member infected and young person who had to work outside their domicile presented higher levels of anxiety and stress, respectively. This epidemiological picture is an important benchmark for identifying persons at greater risk of suffering from psychological distress and the results are useful for tailoring psychological interventions targeting the post-traumatic nature of the distress.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Distrés Psicológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Cuarentena/psicología , Factores de Riesgo , Adulto Joven
7.
Cad Saude Publica ; 36(4): e00054020, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374806

RESUMEN

The SARS-CoV-2 virus reached Spain in March 2020, and a nationwide state of alert was declared on March 14th, leading to the confinement of the entire population. The current study was conducted in the Basque Autonomous Community in northern Spain. The authors analyzed stress, anxiety, and depression with the arrival of the virus and the levels of symptoms according to age, comorbidity, and confinement. Levels of anxiety, stress, and depression were measured in a sample of 976 adults, using the DASS scale (Depression Anxiety, and Stress Scale). Although levels of symptoms were generally low at the start of the alert, younger individuals with chronic diseases reported more symptoms than the rest of the population. The study also detected higher levels of symptoms after the stay-at-home order was issued. Such symptoms are predicted to increase as the confinement continues. The authors propose psychological interventions for prevention and treatment in order to mitigate the pandemic's psychological impacts.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Cuarentena/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Factores de Edad , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , Comorbilidad , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/diagnóstico , Brotes de Enfermedades/prevención & control , Brotes de Enfermedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Escalas de Valoración Psiquiátrica , Distribución por Sexo , España/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/prevención & control , Adulto Joven
9.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(3): 346-350, 2020 Mar 30.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376580

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychological status and sleep quality of nursing interns in collective isolation during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and provide evidence for adequate interventions. METHODS: We surveyed a total of 95 nursing interns who were isolated collectively in a general teaching hospital in Guangzhou using a self-designed questionnaire, which consisted of a basic information form, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), self-rating depression scale (SDS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Descriptive analysis, single factor analysis and correlation analysis were used to analyze the current status of the interns' psychology and sleep quality, the potential factors affecting their psychology and sleep quality, and the correlation between their psychological status and sleep quality. RESULTS: The surveyed interns had SAS, SDS and PSQI score of 37.79±6.59, 43.98±9.74 and 5.20±3.14, respectively, which were significant higher than the national norms in China (P < 0.05). Correlation analysis indicated that both anxiety and depression were positively correlated with the sleep quality score (r=0.508 and 0.546, respectively). Univariate analysis showed that the major factors affecting the psychological status and sleep quality of the interns during collective isolation included recent contact with persons from the affected area before isolation and the onset of fever during the isolation. CONCLUSIONS: These interns showed relatively high levels of anxiety and depression during the collective isolation to affect their sleep quality, and interventions should be timely administered to improve their mental health and sleep quality.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Ansiedad , China , Depresión , Brotes de Enfermedades , Sueño , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101166, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379637

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Different degrees of disorders are reported in respiratory function, physical function and psychological function in patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), especially in elderly patients. With the experience of improved and discharged COVID-19 patients, timely respiratory rehabilitation intervention may improve prognosis, maximize functional preservation and improve quality of life (QoL), but there lacks of studies worldwide exploring the outcome of this intervention. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 6-week respiratory rehabilitation training on respiratory function, QoL, mobility and psychological function in elderly patients with COVID-19. METHODS: This paper reported the findings of an observational, prospective, quasi-experimental study, which totally recruited 72 participants, of which 36 patients underwent respiratory rehabilitation and the rest without any rehabilitation intervention. The following outcomes were measured: pulmonary function tests including plethysmography and diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), functional tests (6-min walk distance test), Quality of life (QoL) assessments (SF-36 scores), activities of daily living (Functional Independence Measure, FIM scores), and mental status tests (SAS anxiety and SDS depression scores). RESULTS: After 6 weeks of respiratory rehabilitation in the intervention group, there disclosed significant differences in FEV1(L), FVC(L), FEV1/FVC%, DLCO% and 6-min walk test. The SF-36 scores, in 8 dimensions, were statistically significant within the intervention group and between the two groups. SAS and SDS scores in the intervention group decreased after the intervention, but only anxiety had significant statistical significance within and between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Six-week respiratory rehabilitation can improve respiratory function, QoL and anxiety of elderly patients with COVID-19, but it has little significant improvement on depression in the elderly.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/rehabilitación , Neumonía Viral/rehabilitación , Terapia Respiratoria , Actividades Cotidianas , Anciano , Ansiedad/etiología , Ansiedad/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/complicaciones , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Pruebas de Función Respiratoria , Terapia Respiratoria/métodos , Caminata
11.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101132, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379667

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19) will experience high levels of anxiety and low sleep quality due to isolation treatment. Some sleep-improving drugs may inhibit the respiratory system and worsen the condition. Prolonged bedside instruction may increase the risk of medical infections. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on anxiety and sleep quality of COVID-19. METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, a total of 51 patients who entered the isolation ward were included in the study and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group used progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technology for 30 min per day for 5 consecutive days. During this period, the control group received only routine care and treatment. Before and after the intervention, the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI) and Sleep State Self-Rating Scale (SRSS) were used to measure and record patient anxiety and sleep quality. Finally, data analysis was performed using SPSS 25.0 software. RESULTS: The average anxiety score (STAI) before intervention was not statistically significant (P = 0.730), and the average anxiety score after intervention was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The average sleep quality score (SRSS) of the two groups before intervention was not statistically significant (P = 0.838), and it was statistically significant after intervention (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Progressive muscle relaxation as an auxiliary method can reduce anxiety and improve sleep quality in patients with COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Terapia por Relajación , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia , Adulto , Ansiedad/terapia , Trastornos de Ansiedad , Entrenamiento Autogénico , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Relajación Muscular , Neumonía Viral/complicaciones , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Terapia por Relajación/métodos , Sueño/fisiología , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/etiología , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/terapia
12.
Trials ; 21(1): 402, 2020 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404126

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of delivering Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) through telecommunication with a group of adolescents who present anxiety symptoms during the COVID-19 outbreak. We hypothesize that participants who are randomly assigned to receive 2-4 sessions of Solution Focused Brief Therapy would have better clinical outcomes than participants who are in the waitlist group. We additionally hypothesized that using SFBT can also change participants' depression levels and their coping strategies in dealing with distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. TRIAL DESIGN: This study employs a randomized delayed crossover open label controlled trial in adolescents who are presenting anxiety symptoms during the COVID-19 outbreak. Participants who meet the enrollment criteria stated below will be invited to participate in this study through telecommunication. Those accepting will be randomly allocated to the intervention group or waitlist group.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Psicoterapia Breve , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Adolescente , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Telemedicina
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357424

RESUMEN

The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) will undoubtedly have psychological impacts for healthcare workers, which could be sustained; frontline workers will be particularly at risk. Actions are needed to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on mental health by protecting and promoting the psychological wellbeing of healthcare workers during and after the outbreak. We developed and evaluated a digital learning package using Agile methodology within the first three weeks of UK outbreak. This e-package includes evidence-based guidance, support and signposting relating to psychological wellbeing for all UK healthcare employees. A three-step rapid development process included public involvement activities (PPIs) (STEP 1), content and technical development with iterative peer review (STEP 2), and delivery and evaluation (STEP 3). The package outlines the actions that team leaders can take to provide psychologically safe spaces for staff, together with guidance on communication and reducing social stigma, peer and family support, signposting others through psychological first aid (PFA), self-care strategies (e.g., rest, work breaks, sleep, shift work, fatigue, healthy lifestyle behaviours), and managing emotions (e.g., moral injury, coping, guilt, grief, fear, anxiety, depression, preventing burnout and psychological trauma). The e-package includes advice from experts in mental wellbeing as well as those with direct pandemic experiences from the frontline, as well as signposting to public mental health guidance. Rapid delivery in STEP 3 was achieved via direct emails through professional networks and social media. Evaluation included assessment of fidelity and implementation qualities. Essential content was identified through PPIs (n = 97) and peer review (n = 10) in STEPS 1 and 2. The most important messages to convey were deemed to be normalisation of psychological responses during a crisis, and encouragement of self-care and help-seeking behaviour. Within 7 days of completion, the package had been accessed 17,633 times, and healthcare providers had confirmed immediate adoption within their health and wellbeing provisions. Evaluation (STEP 3, n = 55) indicated high user satisfaction with content, usability and utility. Assessment of implementation qualities indicated that the package was perceived to be usable, practical, low cost and low burden. Our digital support package on 'psychological wellbeing for healthcare workers' is free to use, has been positively evaluated and was highly accessed within one week of release. It is available here: Supplementary Materials. This package was deemed to be appropriate, meaningful and useful for the needs of UK healthcare workers. We recommend provision of this e-package to healthcare workers alongside wider strategies to support their psychological wellbeing during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Coronavirus , Personal de Salud/educación , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Ansiedad , Betacoronavirus , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Depresión , Brotes de Enfermedades , Personal de Salud/psicología , Humanos , Salud Mental , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico
14.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(2): 171-176, 2020 Feb 29.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376528

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mental health status of college students during the epidemic of COVID-19 and identify the factors influencing the mental health of the students. METHODS: Using a general questionnaire, a self-designed new coronavirus pneumonia knowledge and cognitive behavior questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), we conducted an internet-based questionnaire survey of 3881 college students in Guangdong Province. A multinomial-logistic regression model was used to analyze the collected data. RESULTS: The survey showed that 69.47% of the college students had a high level of awareness of COVID-19; the overall incidence of anxiety was 26.60%, and the incidences of mild, moderate and severe anxiety were 23.19%, 2.71%, and 0.70%, respectively. Depressive emotions were detected in 21.16% of the students, and the incidences of mild, moderate, and moderate-to-severe depression were 16.98%, 3.17%, and 1.01%, respectively. The results of multivariate analysis showed that an older age was associated with a higher level of awareness of COVID-19 and greater changes in future health behaviors were associated with less anxiety and depression among the students. The students currently in rural areas, of non-medical majors, and reporting half of their information concerning the epidemic being negative were more likely to have anxiety; female gender, residence in suburbs, a drinking history, and excessive negative information concerning the epidemic were all associated with the likeliness of depression. CONCLUSIONS: The college students have different levels of anxiety and depression during the epidemic. Depression and anxiety are closely related, but the factors contributing to different levels of such emotions can be different, and colleges and related departments are urged to provide precision mental health education for college students.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Depresión , Curación Mental , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Estudiantes , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Estudiantes/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
15.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(5): 394-399, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425005

RESUMEN

At the end of 2019, a new form of pneumonia disease known as the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) rapidly spread throughout most provinces of China, and the total global number of COVID-19 cases has surpassed 500 000 by Mar. 27, 2020 (WHO, 2020). On Jan. 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a global health emergency (WHO, 2020). COVID-19 causes most damage to the respiratory system, leading to pneumonia or breathing difficulties. The confirmed case fatality risk (cCFR) was estimated to be 5% to 8% (Jung et al., 2020). Besides physical pain, COVID-19 also induces psychological distress, with depression, anxiety, and stress affecting the general population, quarantined population, medical staff, and patients at different levels (Kang et al., 2020; Xiang et al., 2020). Previous research on patients in isolation wards highlighted the risk of depressed mood, fear, loneliness, frustration, excessive worries, and insomnia (Abad et al., 2010).


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/terapia , Terapia Conductual Dialéctica , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Neumonía Viral/terapia , Adulto , Ansiedad/terapia , Betacoronavirus , China , Depresión/terapia , Femenino , Humanos , Pandemias , Periodo Posparto , Embarazo , Mujeres Embarazadas/psicología
16.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(5): 400-404, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425006

RESUMEN

Public health crises, such as the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) since Dec. 2019, are widely acknowledged as severe traumatic events that impose threats not only because of physical concerns but also because of the psychological distress of infected patients. We designed an internet-based integrated intervention and evaluated its efficacy on depression and anxiety symptoms in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/terapia , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Depresión/terapia , Internet , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Autocuidado/métodos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Teléfono Celular , China , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Atención Plena , Pandemias , Estudios Prospectivos , Distrés Psicológico , Terapia por Relajación
18.
Psychiatry Res ; 288: 113000, 2020 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353696

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: 68.5 million people around the world have been forced to leave their houses. Refugees have mainly to face their adaption in a host country, which involves bureaucracy, different culture, poverty, and racism. The already fragile situation of refugees becomes worrying and challenged in the face of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic. Therefore, we aimed to describe the factors that can worsen the mental health of refugees. METHOD: The studies were identified in well-known international journals found in three electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. The data were cross-checked with information from the main international newspapers. RESULTS: According to the literature, the difficulties faced by refugees with the COVID-19 pandemic are potentiated by the pandemic state. There are several risk factors common to coronavirus and psychiatric illnesses as overcrowding, disruption of sewage disposal, poor standards of hygiene, poor nutrition, negligible sanitation, lack of access to shelter, health care, public services, and safety. These associated with fear and uncertainty create a closed ground for psychological sickness and COVID-19 infection. CONCLUSIONS: There should be not only a social mobilization to contain the virus, but also a collective effort on behalf of the most vulnerable populations.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Trastornos Mentales , Salud Mental , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Refugiados/psicología , Ansiedad , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Miedo , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Saneamiento , Incertidumbre
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