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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1122, 2022 Sep 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064389

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: From the perspective of informal social support, this paper analysed the impact of factors such as "Relationship with spouse", "Relationship with Children", "Financial support from children", "Sibling support", "Support from other friends and relatives" and "Borrowing costs" on the health poverty vulnerability of elderly people in rural China. METHODS: Based on the data of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2018, the vulnerability of the rural elderly to health poverty was measured from two dimensions of health status and influencing factors of health status by the three-stage feasible generalized least square method. A quantile regression model was used to analyse the impact of six variables in the informal social support network on health poverty vulnerability: "Relationship with spouse", "Relationship with children", "Financial support from children", " Sibling support", " Support from other friends and relatives", and "Borrowing costs". RESULTS: When the poverty line standards were 2995 CNY/year and 4589 CNY/year, the health poverty vulnerability of the elderly population in rural China was 0.397 and 0.598 in 2018. In the analysis of informal social support, factors such as the relationship with spouse, relationship with children, borrowing costs, support from other friends and relatives, and sibling support had different impacts on the health poverty vulnerability of the rural elderly, who were classified into three groups according to their different vulnerabilities. CONCLUSION: According to the analysis of the 2018 CHARLS database, the health poverty vulnerability of the elderly population was related to the informal social support network, and it is necessary to pay attention to the role of informal channels such as children, spouses, relatives and friends in daily care and financial support for rural elderly individuals. Meanwhile, the government and other formal organizations should also give full play to their supporting role for elderly individuals, who are highly vulnerable to health poverty, and their families.


Asunto(s)
Jubilación , Apoyo Social , Anciano , Niño , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Pobreza
2.
Home Healthc Now ; 40(5): 278, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048222
3.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052590

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and related factors of suicide ideation among nurses in different levels of hospitals in Shandong Province, and to analyze the relationship between them. Methods: From June to July 2020, 1644 nurses in Shandong Province were surveyed by multi-stage stratified cluster sampling. The suicidal ideation of nurses was investigated by suicidal ideation screening. Social support and mental health were measured by the perceived social support scale (pass) and kessler10 scale respectively. The simple coping style scale (SCSQ) was used to evaluate the coping styles of the subjects when they encountered problems. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of suicidal ideation, Amos software was used to establish the path model of suicidal ideation related factors, and the maximum likelihood estimation was used to test the path model coefficient. Results: The incidence of suicidal ideation among nurses in secondary hospitals during their career was 8.44%, and that in tertiary hospitals was 11.66%. There was no significant difference in suicidal ideation among nurses at all levels in secondary hospitals (P>0.05) . The main factors related to suicidal ideation were unmarried and others (OR=0.362, 95%CI=0.155, 0.844, P=0.019) , social support (OR=1.084, 95% CI=1.059, 1.109, P=0.000) and mental health status (OR=0.921, 95% CI=0.890, 0.953, P=0.000) . The suicide ideation of skilled nurses in tertiary hospitals was higher than that of other levels (P<0.05) . The related factors of suicide ideation mainly included unmarried and others (OR=0.369, 95% CI=0.214, 0.636, P=0.000) , night shift (OR=1.889, 95%CI=10.57, 3.377, P=0.032) , general self-rated social status (OR=2.377, 95%CI=1.031, 5.483, P=0.042) , physical disease (OR=2.747, 95%CI=1.601, 4.714) , P=0.000) , Social support (OR=0.960, 95%CI=1.042, 1.077, P=0.000) and mental health status (OR=0.942, 95%CI=0.922, 0.963, P=0.000) . Social support and mental health have a direct effect on suicidal ideation. Self-assessment of social status, social support and physical disease can affect suicidal ideation by affecting mental health. Conclusion: It is necessary to pay more attention to the mental health status of nurses at different levels in different hospitals during their career, improve their social support level, and improve their cognition of the practice environment.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Enfermería , Ideación Suicida , Hospitales , Humanos , Salud Mental , Factores de Riesgo , Apoyo Social
4.
Front Public Health ; 10: 980465, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062100

RESUMEN

Objective: Disability and social support can impact depressive symptoms of the elderly. Yet, studies infrequently discuss the moderating role of social support when evaluating the association between disability and depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between disability, social support, and depressive symptoms among the Chinese elderly, and further examine the moderating effect of social support. Materials and methods: Using the 2018 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) data set, we finally selected 9,231 Chinese elderly after screening. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10) was used to evaluate depressive symptoms in the elderly. Disability was measured by basic activities of daily living (B-ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (I-ADL). Social support included contact with family and friends, sick care, and money received, measured by five self-reported questions. We used multiple linear regression and moderating model to explore the association between disability, social support, and depressive symptoms. Results: A total of 9,231 patients were included in this study, and approximately 26.75% of the elderly had depressive symptoms. Study found that depressive symptoms were associated with social support (ß B-ADL = -0.108, 95% CI: -0.168- -0.047; ß I-ADL = -0.098, 95% CI: -0.156- -0.039), ß B-ADL (ß = 0.296, 95% CI: 0.248-0.343) and I-ADL (ß = 0.174, 95% CI: 0.152-0.195). Moreover, the result also showed that social support moderated the effects of B-ADL ( ß B - A D L * s o c i a l s u p p o r t = 0.034, 95% CI: 0.014-0.053, F = 11.57, p = 0.001) and I-ADL ( ß I - A D L * s o c i a l s u p p o r t = 0.025, 95% CI: 0.017-0.033) on depressive symptoms. Conclusions: The study suggests that disability and social support can affect depressive symptoms, and social support moderates the effect of disability on depressive symptoms. Therefore, taking effective measures to reduce the elderly disability rate of disability and increase their social support are necessary condition for realizing mental health.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas , Personas con Discapacidad , Actividades Cotidianas/psicología , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/psicología , Personas con Discapacidad/psicología , Humanos , Apoyo Social
5.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273070, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048892

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is an important area of action because of the mortality and morbidity of the disease, and the potential for effective prevention by screening. Involving the social support groups by health education improves cervical cancer screening and early detection of the disease in the community. In the ongoing efforts to strengthen cervical cancer prevention, control, and management, digital health and technology will have a significant role to play. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the mHealth-based intervention on cervical cancer preparedness among women social support groups. MATERIALS & METHODS: A pre-post interventional study was conducted among women social support groups from lower socio-economic status, identified from the field practice area. Purposive sampling technique was employed. A Cervical Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM) instrument was used to assess the cancer preparedness among the social support group women After taking inputs from the stakeholders' mobile health application was developed. The mHealth educational intervention was given to 102 women. Both pre-and post-test questionnaires were administered through mHealth application to assess the change in knowledge after a gap of 1 month to 2 months. The data obtained was coded and entered into Microsoft Excel worksheet 2016 and was later imported and analyzed using SPSS version 22 (licensed to the Institute). The difference in median scores of knowledge and practice were interpreted as statistically significant at p value of < 0.05. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: Before the intervention only 13 (12.7%) of them had heard about cervical cancer. There was a significant increase in the knowledge about warning signs & symptoms, risk factors of cervical cancer, and HPV vaccination. Around 5% increase in Pap smear test uptake.


Asunto(s)
Telemedicina , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Prueba de Papanicolaou/métodos , Clase Social , Apoyo Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/diagnóstico , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/etiología , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/prevención & control , Frotis Vaginal
6.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1739, 2022 09 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100895

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Forced migration can lead to loss of social support and increased vulnerability to psychological distress of displaced individuals. The aims were to ascertain the associations of sociodemographic characteristics and social support received by resettled adult humanitarian migrants in Australia; determine the relationship between social support and mental health at different intervals following humanitarian migration; and examine the modification effects of gender, age and migration pathway on that relationship. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted of data generated in Waves One (three to six months after resettlement), Three (three years after resettlement) and Five (five years after resettlement) of the Building a New Life in Australia prospective cohort study. The association between sociodemographic characteristics and mental health were examined at each timepoint using a multivariate regression model. Exploratory factor analysis was used to develop a two-factor social support scale (emotional/instrumental and informational support) from a larger set of items collected in the BNLA. Psychological distress was measured by the Kessler-6 scale. Path analysis was used to analyse the relationships between social support and psychological distress among the three time points considering socio-demographic characteristics simultaneously. RESULTS: A total of 2264 participants were included in the analyses. Age, gender, birth region, migration pathway, education level and English proficiency were significantly associated with both social support types. Main source of income was only significantly associated with informational support. Remoteness area was only significantly associated with emotional/instrumental support. As emotional/instrumental support increased by one standard deviation (SD) at Wave One, psychological distress at Wave Three decreased by 0.34 score [95% CI (- 0.61; - 0.08)]. As informational support at Wave Three increased by one SD, psychological distress at Wave Five decreased by 0.35 score [95% CI (- 0.69; - 0.01)]. The relationships between social support and psychological distress varied between genders, age groups and migration pathways. CONCLUSION: Findings demonstrate the importance of emotional/instrumental support and informational support for the medium and long-term mental health of humanitarian migrants. This study also highlights the important of extending current social support provisions and tailoring programs to enhance support received by humanitarian migrant subgroups years after resettlement to improve mental health.


Asunto(s)
Refugiados , Migrantes , Adulto , Australia , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Estudios Prospectivos , Refugiados/psicología , Apoyo Social , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
7.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 570, 2022 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109560

RESUMEN

Evolutionary studies of cooperation in traditional human societies suggest that helping family and responding in kind when helped are the primary mechanisms for informally distributing resources vital to day-to-day survival (e.g., food, knowledge, money, childcare). However, these studies generally rely on forms of regression analysis that disregard complex interdependences between aid, resulting in the implicit assumption that kinship and reciprocity drive the emergence of entire networks of supportive social bonds. Here I evaluate this assumption using individual-oriented simulations of network formation (i.e., Stochastic Actor-Oriented Models). Specifically, I test standard predictions of cooperation derived from the evolutionary theories of kin selection and reciprocal altruism alongside well-established sociological predictions around the self-organisation of asymmetric relationships. Simulations are calibrated to exceptional public data on genetic relatedness and the provision of tangible aid amongst all 108 adult residents of a village of indigenous horticulturalists in Nicaragua (11,556 ordered dyads). Results indicate that relatedness and reciprocity are markedly less important to whom one helps compared to the supra-dyadic arrangement of the tangible aid network itself.


Asunto(s)
Red Social , Apoyo Social , Adulto , Altruismo , Evolución Biológica , Humanos
8.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0272454, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048834

RESUMEN

Social Capital refers to the resources associated with durable and trustworthy social connections. Social Capital can be developed through offline and online relationships. It can be distinguished between cognitive Social Capital (perception of trustworthiness, reciprocity, and support) and structural Social Capital (density of social networks and membership, and participation in groups and associations). It can also be distinguished between bonding Social Capital (resources associated with informal networks; i.e., neighbors, friends, colleagues) and bridging Social Capital (resources associated with formal networks; i.e., community service, cultural, religious or political groups/associations). The different forms and dimensions of Social Capital may have distinct effects on health outcomes and self-rated health. Therefore, public health researchers need valid and reliable instruments to investigate Social Capital. However, valid instruments including the measurement of online Social Capital are not available. The Personal Social Capital Scale aims to assess bonding and bridging Social Capital by means of cognitive and structural items. In the present investigation, three studies were carried out (N = 1149) to adapt the Personal Social Capital Scale to develop the Personal On-Offline Social Capital Brief Scale, a brief scale for measuring online and offline bonding and bridging Social Capital in Italy. Factorial structure and convergent/divergent validity in relation to scales measuring constructs with different patterns of relationships with bonding and bridging Social Capital (i.e., social support and stress; sense of community and health) were also investigated. Overall, these studies provide evidence of reliability and validity related to the internal structure of the Personal On-Offline Social Capital Brief Scale in measuring online and offline bonding and bridging Social Capital and discriminating them from similar constructs. This scale is a useful instrument for planning public health interventions.


Asunto(s)
Capital Social , Humanos , Apego a Objetos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Red Social , Apoyo Social
9.
J Gen Intern Med ; 37(Suppl 3): 799-805, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050521

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Women Veterans with amputation are a group with unique needs whose numbers have grown over the last 5 years, accounting for nearly 3% of all Veterans with amputation in 2019. Although identified as a national priority by the Veterans Health Administration, the needs of this population have remained largely underrepresented in amputation research. OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences of women Veterans with lower extremity amputation (LEA) related to prosthetic care provision and devices. DESIGN: National qualitative study using semi-structured individual interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty women Veterans with LEA who had been prescribed a prosthesis at least 12 months prior. APPROACH: Inductive content analysis. KEY RESULTS: Four key themes emerged: (1) a sense of "feeling invisible" and lacking a connection with other women Veterans with amputation; (2) the desire for prosthetic devices that meet their biological and social needs; (3) the need for individualized assessment and a prosthetic limb prescription process that is tailored to women Veterans; the current process was often perceived as biased and either dismissive of women's concerns or failing to adequately solicit them; and (4) the desire for prosthetists who listen to and understand women's needs. CONCLUSIONS: Women Veterans with LEA articulated themes reminiscent of those previously reported by male Veterans with LEA, such as the importance of prostheses and the central role of the provider-patient relationship. However, they also articulated unique needs that could translate into specific strategies to improve prosthetic care, such as integrating formal opportunities for social support and peer interaction for women Veterans with LEA, advocating for administrative changes and research efforts to expand available prosthetic component options, and ensuring that clinical interactions are gender-sensitive and free of bias.


Asunto(s)
Miembros Artificiales , Veteranos , Amputación , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Investigación Cualitativa , Apoyo Social
10.
Chin J Dent Res ; 25(3): 205-213, 2022 Sep 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102890

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of social support on perceived stress in Latin American and Caribbean dental students and dental practitioners during mandatory social isolation within the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in 2020. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 1812 dental students and dental practitioners from 21 Latin American and Caribbean countries. Perceived stress was assessed using the perceived stress scale (PSS-14), and the influence of social support was addressed using the Duke-UNC-11. Additionally, sociodemographic variables, knowledge of and preventive behaviour against COVID-19 and health status were considered. A descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed through multiple linear regression. RESULTS: In the multivariate analysis, model 4 presented R2% = 21.20 (P < 0.001), a constant of 40.049; within the model, the social support variable had a non-standardised regression coefficient (b) of -4,527 (95% CI - 5.646 to -3,408; P < 0.001), the self-perceived level of concern regarding COVID-19 was b = 1.838 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.887 to 2.790; P < 0.001), the self-perceived health status was b = -2.191(95% CI -2.944 to -1.437; P < 0.001), the number of days in compulsory isolation was b = -0.965 (95% CI -1.908 to -0.022; P = 0.045), while the level of confinement was b = 0.923 (95%CI: 0.106-1.740; P = 0.027), age was b = -1.743 (95% CI -2.625 to -0.860; P < 0.001), sex was b = 1.324 (95% CI 0.311 to 2.337; P = 0.011) and the economic income level was b = -1.539 (95% CI -2.434 to -0.644; P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: An association was determined between perceived stress and social support, as well as the variables of concern about the disease, self-perceived health status, number of days and level of confinement, age, sex and economic income level, based on the experience of dental practitioners and dental students in mandatory isolation.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Odontólogos , Aislamiento Social , Estudiantes de Odontología , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/psicología , Región del Caribe/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Odontólogos/psicología , Humanos , América Latina , Pandemias , Rol Profesional , Apoyo Social , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estudiantes de Odontología/psicología
11.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 419, 2022 Sep 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131233

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Fear of recurrence is a common psychosocial sequela among patients with heart disease. Analyses of coronary heart disease, particularly in elderly patients, are relatively rare. This study aimed to investigate the current situation in this context, as well as the influencing fear factors concerning recurrence in elderly patients with coronary heart disease. METHODS: A total of 200 elderly outpatients with coronary heart disease were recruited to participate in this survey from a tertiary hospital in Baoding (China). The questionnaires included items from the Disease Progression Simplified Scale, the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, and the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS). Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were adopted to investigate the influencing factors on the fear of recurrence. RESULTS: The fear of recurrence score in elderly patients with coronary heart disease was (38.46 ± 8.13), among which 119 cases (59.5%) scored higher than 34 points. The SSRS total average score was (34.89 ± 9.83) points. Positive coping style and social support were negatively correlated with the total score of recurrence fear (r = - 0.621, - 0.413, both P < 0.001). There was a positive correlation between negative coping style and the total score of recurrence fear (r = 0.232, P < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the course of the disease, the number of disease recurrence cases, active coping, and social support were relevant factors in fear of recurrence (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The detection rate of fear of recurrence in elderly patients with coronary heart disease was relatively high but could be reduced by active interventions and enhancing social support.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Enfermedad Coronaria , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Enfermedad Coronaria/diagnóstico , Humanos , Apoyo Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 352, 2022 Sep 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115966

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The proportion of patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is increasing year by year in China, which has become a major public health problem. Self-management of OSAHS and multiple support from caregivers are key to low hospital admissions and high quality of life for patients with OSAHS. Social support and health literacy are the main promoters of self-management behavior. However, their contributions have not been adequately studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of self-management among patients with OSAHS and its relationship with general demographics, social support, and health literacy. METHODS: A total of 280 patients with OSAHS treated in two Classiii Grade A hospitals in Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province from October 2020 to July 2021 were selected as the study subjects. Patients were investigated by General Characteristics Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), Health Literacy Scale for Chronic Patients (HLSCP), and OSAHS Self-management Behavior Questionnaire, and the influencing factors of self-management of patients with OSAHS were analyzed. RESULTS: The average score of OSAHS self-management was 74.49(SD = 8.06), SSRS and HLSCP scores were positively correlated with total scores of self-management behavior. Furthermore, we found that disease duration, SSRS, and HLSCP scores were the main predictors of self-management behavior (R2 = 0.390, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study found that OSAHS patients with a longer duration of disease and higher SSRS or HLSCP scores also had higher levels of self-management. The factors discussed in this study may be helpful in developing individualized interventions in self-management for patients with OSAHS.


Asunto(s)
Alfabetización en Salud , Automanejo , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño , Humanos , Polisomnografía , Calidad de Vida , Apoyo Social , Síndrome
13.
West J Nurs Res ; 44(10): 903, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112787
14.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0272504, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054195

RESUMEN

Recurrent or chronic pain affects 11-38% of children and adolescents. Pediatric pain research typically focuses on risk factors, such as anxiety and parent functional disability, but resilience-building, protective factors also play an important role in the pain experience. New methods to incorporate resilience-enhancing factors into pain research are needed. Photovoice is a highly participatory research method, where participants take photos to address a common question, caption their photos, and discuss the meaning of the photos in a group. The main objective of this study was to determine whether photovoice is an acceptable method to young people living with chronic pain for identifying and sharing sources of joy. Another objective was to explore sources of joy. Sixteen adolescents and young adults participated, which involved meeting in a group to discuss the goal of the study, taking photographs of self-identified sources of joy over a two-week period, and meeting as a group again to discuss the photographs and participate in a focus group about the experience. Results suggest that photovoice is an acceptable method, as all participants took photographs and attended both meetings, and three themes from the focus group data suggested the participants considered photovoice to be appropriate: 1.) Relief associated with meeting peers, 2.) Potential to benefit young people living with pain, and 3.) Potential to raise awareness. Three themes emerged from the discussion of the photographs to describe sources of joy: 1.) Gratitude for everyday pleasures and accomplishments, 2.) Support from pets, and 3.) Journey of acceptance. Results add to the strengths-based literature on pediatric pain by identifying an acceptable method that could be further explored for use as an intervention to enhance protective factors such as positive affect, gratitude, and social support and to compare the experiences of different populations of youth living with pain.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Crónico , Adolescente , Niño , Dolor Crónico/terapia , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Fotograbar , Factores Protectores , Proyectos de Investigación , Apoyo Social , Adulto Joven
15.
BMC Palliat Care ; 21(1): 160, 2022 Sep 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114574

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is evidence that a companion animal (CA) or 'pet' can be helpful during the management of chronic illness. However, the psychological effects of CAs and the mechanism by which they can be beneficial to individuals managing life-limiting conditions is unknown. This study addresses this gap and provides the first examination of the lived experience of CAs among community-dwelling adults with advanced cancer. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interview study consisting of a homogenous sample of 6 individuals with an advanced cancer diagnosis, who either self-selected to the study or were recruited through a regional charity that supports palliative and end-of-life care patients in maintaining a connection with their CA. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. RESULTS: Four superordinate themes occurred in the data: a protective relationship, positive behavioural change, facilitating meaningful social connections and increased loss-orientated cognitions. The findings suggest that CAs offer de-arousing and socially protective supports that mitigate physical and psychological sequalae experienced by people with advanced cancer. However, as their illness progresses, individuals may also experience thoughts related to not meeting their CA's needs currently and in the future. CONCLUSIONS: CAs provide emotional, practical, and social supports to individuals diagnosed with advanced cancer that can improve individual psychological wellbeing. Consequently, it is important that CAs are considered in advance care planning processes and that services are available to mitigate any negative effects of CA ownership, in order to maximise the benefits CAs confer to individuals managing advanced cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Mascotas , Animales , Emociones , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Apoyo Social
16.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604922, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119449

RESUMEN

Objectives: This study examined the association between sexual harassment (SH) and college students' mental health in the Chinese context and its gender differences, exploring the moderating role of social support. Methods: Data were from the Third Survey of Chinese Women's Social Status and included 5,032 college students. We employed the ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models with interaction terms to report the moderating effects of gender and social support on the association between SH and mental health. Results: Gender harassment and unwelcome sexual attention were negatively associated with mental health among all students, with no observed gender difference. Financial and large-scale emotional support moderated the association between unwelcome sexual attention and women's mental health but were not buffer factors for men. Learning support aggravated the adverse association between gender harassment and men's mental health. Conclusion: SH is a significant trigger for men's and women's mental health problems. When they are subjected to SH, financial and emotional support are protective resources for women, but learning support is risky for men.


Asunto(s)
Acoso Sexual , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Acoso Sexual/psicología , Apoyo Social , Estudiantes/psicología
17.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1777, 2022 Sep 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123662

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Recent research has shown the mental health consequence of social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic, but longitudinal data are relatively scarce. It is unclear whether the pattern of isolation and elevated stress seen at the beginning of the pandemic persists over time. This study evaluates change in social interaction over six months and its impact on emotional wellbeing among older adults. METHODS: We drew data from a panel study with six repeated assessments of social interaction and emotional wellbeing conducted monthly May through October 2020. The sample included a total of 380 White, Black and Hispanic participants aged 50 and over, of whom 33% had low income, who residing in fourteen U.S. states with active stay-at-home orders in May 2020. The analysis examined how change in living arrangement, in-person interaction outside the household, quality of relationship with family and friends, and perceived social support affected trajectories of isolation stress, COVID worry and sadness. RESULTS: While their living arrangements (Odds Ratio [OR] = 0.95, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 0.87, 1.03) and relationship quality (OR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.82, 1.01) remained stable, older adults experienced fluctuations in perceived social support (linear Slope b = -1.42, s.e. = 0.16, p < .001, quadratic slope b = 0.50, s.e. = 0.08, p < .001, cubic slope b = -0.04, s.e. = 0.01, p < .001) and increases in in-person conversations outside the household (OR = 1.19, 95% CI = 1.09, 1.29). Living with a spouse/partner stabilized isolation stress (change in linear slope b = 1.16, s.e. = 0.48, p < .05, in quadratic slope b = -0.62, s.e. = 0.26, p < .05, and in cubic slope = 0.09, s.e. = 0.04, p < .05) and COVID worry (change in quadratic slope b = -0.66, s.e. = 0.32, p < .05 and in cubic slope = 0.09, s.e. = 0.04, p < .05) over time. Individuals with better relationship quality with friends had decreased sadness over time (OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.82, 0.99). Changes in social support were associated with greater fluctuations in isolation stress and COVID worry. CONCLUSIONS: During the pandemic, social interactions are protective and lack of stability in feeling supported makes older adults vulnerable to stress. Efforts should focus on (re)building and maintaining companionship and support to mitigate the pandemic's negative impact.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Interacción Social , Anciano , COVID-19/epidemiología , Emociones , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Apoyo Social , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
18.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 384, 2022 Sep 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123738

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) is experienced by up to 10% of pre-menopausal women globally, yet there is limited research exploring the perspective of women living with this challenging condition. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with Australian women experiencing RVVC were conducted between April-July 2021. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, and qualitative interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was conducted. RESULTS: Ten RVVC patients were interviewed. IPA revealed an uncertain journey living with RVVC for all participants ranging from initial symptoms and difficulties in obtaining a diagnosis, the trial and error of symptom management, to the overall debilitating impact of living with a personal and intimate health condition. Four key themes were identified: Theme 1 outlined challenges and delays in diagnosis and clinically appropriate management. Theme 2 found that health care professional (HCP) knowledge limitations impacted RVVC management. Theme 3 illustrated the consequences of a lack of HCP support leading to self-referral and self-education. Theme 4 details the significant emotional and psycho-social repercussions of RVVC. CONCLUSIONS: This debilitating, life-long disease has a prolonged effect on women both physically and psychologically. Living with RVVC seems an uncertain journey that, to a large degree, women feel they must navigate alone. While resilience and self-empowerment were noted, better support through evidence-based treatment options, educated and evidence-informed HCPs and a sympathetic social support network is needed to decrease the disease burden. Future clinical management guidelines and patient support need to consider the findings of this study.


Asunto(s)
Candidiasis Vulvovaginal , Australia , Candidiasis Vulvovaginal/psicología , Candidiasis Vulvovaginal/terapia , Femenino , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Parejas Sexuales , Apoyo Social
19.
J Occup Health ; 64(1): e12360, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111392

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 has dramatically affected Western Society's relationship with work and contributed to increased worker burnout. Existing studies on burnout have mostly emphasized workplace culture, leadership, and employee engagement as key contributors to burnout. In this cross-sectional study, we examine the associations between Malach-Pines Short Burnout Measure (MPSBM) scores and participant's self reported personal characteristics, financial strain, workplace conditions, work-life balance, and social inclusion among Canadians living during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: To identify the most salient correlates of burnout, Canadian residents, aged 16+, were recruited using paid social media advertisements in French and English to complete a cross-sectional study. Multivariable linear regression and dominance analysis identified the most salient correlates of MPSBM scores. Exposure variables included demographic factors, financial strain, workplace conditions, work-life balance, social support, and loneliness. RESULTS: Among 486 participants, family social support (adjusted ß = -0.14, 95%CI = -0.23, -0.05), emotional loneliness (adjusted ß = 0.26, 95% CI = 0.18, 0.35), insufficient sleep (adjusted ß = 0.38, 95% CI = 0.16, 0.60) and "me time" (adjusted ß = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.03, 0.42), and indicators of financial security (e.g., owning vs renting; adjusted ß = -0.36, 95% CI = -0.54, -0.17; insufficient pay: adjusted ß = -0.36, 95% CI = -0.54, -0.17) were key burnout indicators. People with a bachelor's degree (vs ≤high school diploma; adjusted ß = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.01, 0.58) also had higher burnout scores. CONCLUSION: Interventions addressing workplace culture, leadership, and other proximal workplace stressors, while important, are likely insufficient to meet the needs of workers. Our findings suggest that broader, holistic multicomponent approaches that address multiple upstream dimensions of health-including mental health-are likely necessary to prevent and reduce burnout.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Canadá/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Soledad , Pandemias , Apoyo Social
20.
Soc Sci Med ; 310: 115215, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054986

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study examines how onset of chronic pain affects characteristics of personal social networks among adults aged 51+ across Europe. METHODS: We used population-based data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE; 2011-2015; n = 12,647). Using a change score analysis approach, we tracked changes in personal social networks of respondents experiencing new-onset chronic pain (n = 3803) compared to pain-free counterparts (n = 8844) in 11 European countries over four years. RESULTS: Overall, consistent with network activation theory, respondents with new-onset mild-to-moderate chronic pain reported increases in sizes and diversity of their personal social networks, compared to their pain-free counterparts. However, consistent with the "pain as threat to the social self" theory, respondents with new-onset moderate pain or mild-to-moderate pain reported a decrease over time in perceived satisfaction and closeness with networks, respectively. Estimates from interactions between new-onset pain severity and sex show that men with new-onset pain experienced greater decreases in network satisfaction (mild pain) and closeness (severe pain) than did women. DISCUSSION: This study highlights the complex social consequences of chronic pain, which may vary based on pain severity, gender, and type of social outcome considered.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Crónico , Adulto , Anciano , Envejecimiento/fisiología , Dolor Crónico/epidemiología , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Satisfacción Personal , Jubilación , Red Social , Apoyo Social
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