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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(16): e19687, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311943

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Problem-based learning (PBL) combined lecture based learning (LBL) has been a trend adopted as a new medical pedagogical approach in Chinese medical teaching. This study aims to evaluate the impacts of hybrid PBL and LBL pedagogy compared with LBL teaching method on the learning achievements of clinical curriculum for Chinese medicine students. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified through a systematic literature search of electronic databases and article references up to June 2019. PubMed, EBSCO, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang Database, CNKI, and China Biology Medicine database (CBM) were searched. End points included knowledge scores, skill scores, medical writing scores, comprehensive ability scores and teaching satisfaction. RESULTS: Totally 20 randomized controlled studies were finally included and all Chinese literatures, involving 1817 patients. Compared with traditional LBL pedagogy, hybrid PBL and LBL pedagogy significantly increased the clinical theoretical knowledge assessment score (RR = 4.84, 95% CI: 2.92∼6.76, P < .00001), clinical skills assessment score (RR = 1.60, 95% CI: 1.39∼1.81, P < .00001), comprehensive ability score (RR = 9.13, 95% CI: 8.42∼9.84, P < .00001) and teaching satisfaction (RR = 2.58, 95% CI: 1.84∼3.62, P < .00001), The meta-regression results showed that expertise-level of students and course type were the factors that caused heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: Hybrid PBL and LBL pedagogy integrates the advantages of conventional teaching methods and novel teaching methods, remarkably improves the teaching efficacy, demonstrates easy acceptance by students, and meets the demand of modern medical education, so it is an effective approach to cultivate the medical talents with an ability of innovative thinking and can be advocated and popularized as a teaching means.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica/métodos , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , China , Competencia Clínica , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología
2.
J Dent Educ ; 84(4): 438-448, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314384

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of immersive integrated experiential and didactic courses in strengthening competency-based global health learning in dental education. To address global inequities in oral health and student interest in global health, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine introduced two global health courses in 2017-18. The first was a didactic course in the core predoctoral curriculum, and the second, in collaboration with the Inter-American Center for Global Health, was a five-day elective experiential learning course in rural Costa Rica. The experiential course was an extension of the didactic course. All 33 second-year dental students completed the didactic course, and three of those students completed the experiential course. A pre-post survey and a six-month follow-up survey on self-reported knowledge based on course learning objectives were administered. The experiential course students also completed journals and interviews for qualitative analysis. Thirty-two students completed the pre-post didactic course surveys, for a response rate of 94%. There was a 100% response rate on the pre-post didactic surveys by those students who participated in the experiential learning course. While the experiential learning group scored similarly to the class average before the didactic course, they had higher scores than the class averages both immediately after and at the six-month follow-up. All three students reported that the experiential learning course was "extremely effective" in building on what they learned in the didactic course. Qualitative analysis of the journals and interviews suggested enhanced learning from the combination of didactic and experiential methods. These preliminary results support the Global Health Learning Helix Model, a theoretical competency-based teaching model for ethical student global health engagement to better prepare the future generation in tackling oral health disparities both locally and worldwide.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Estudiantes de Odontología , Curriculum , Educación en Odontología , Salud Global , Humanos
3.
J Dent Educ ; 84(4): 495-501, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314390

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to assess whether clinical reasoning and factual knowledge questions used in team-based learning (TBL) enhanced dental students' performance in esthetic dentistry. Ninety-seven third-year dental students enrolled in esthetic dentistry in a dental school in Korea in 2018 were assigned to 16 teams consisting of five or six students each. A four-step TBL sequence (pre-study, readiness assurance test, appeal/feedback, and final test) was designed to examine how clinical reasoning and knowledge questions affected academically high- and low-achieving students. The analysis was conducted with 87 students' data because ten students failed to answer some questions. The results showed that team performance in TBL was consistently better than individual performance. The TBL sessions enhanced students' critical thinking skills, though it did not affect their knowledge acquisition. The clinical reasoning questions especially benefited the academically low-achieving students. Overall, TBL was an effective method for teaching these dental students using small-group learning in esthetic dentistry. Team-based cooperative learning facilitated a deeper understanding of esthetic dentistry because students were motivated to think critically and solve problems rather than simply memorize factual knowledge.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Estudiantes de Odontología , Odontología , Evaluación Educacional , Estética Dental , Humanos , República de Corea
4.
J Dent Educ ; 84(4): 486-494, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314392

RESUMEN

The aims of this study were to compare third-year dental students' satisfaction and level of learning in case-based learning (CBL) versus team-based learning (TBL) and the resources required in those two methodologies. Level of learning was assessed for both knowledge and application, and resources were defined as student and faculty time and rooms. In academic year 2018-19, all 68 third-year dental students in one U.S. dental school were enrolled in two sequential semester-long courses; the first used CBL, and the second used TBL. After each course, students and faculty facilitators completed surveys, and data from students' knowledge and application exams were collected. The student surveys asked students to report their satisfaction with the learning methodology (CBL or TBL); the faculty surveys asked the faculty facilitators to report the resources used for each methodology. Forty-five of 68 students (66%) consented to participate; however, a larger number of students completed surveys in the two semesters (69% for CBL and 87% for TBL). Fourteen of 16 (88%) faculty facilitators completed the CBL survey, and five of the six (83%) completed the TBL survey. Overall, the results showed that students' satisfaction was higher with CBL than TBL (Mann-Whitney U = 882.0; p<0.001), and students reported having a better understanding of concepts after CBL than TBL (U = 899.0; p<0.001). The students performed better on knowledge exam items in TBL than CBL (86% vs. 82%) but the same on application items (both 86%). Resource requirements for both methods were extensive, with TBL requiring fewer facilitators and rooms than CBL but requiring more time from both students (2.6 vs. 2.3 hours weekly) and faculty members (2.3 vs. 1.4 hours weekly). In this study, students preferred CBL to TBL but had higher knowledge scores in the TBL course. The resources needed for both CBL and TBL were said to be extensive, with infrastructure use higher for CBL but time for students and faculty higher for TBL.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Odontología , Docentes , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Facultades de Odontología
5.
Nurse Pract ; 45(4): 42-47, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205674

RESUMEN

NP organizations can complement academic programs by providing DNP students with experiential learning and mentorship. This article focuses on a regional NP organization that provided mentoring to DNP students who joined their leadership board. Students gained leadership, advocacy, policy, and advanced practice experience, and the organization experienced growth and innovation.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Postgrado en Enfermería/organización & administración , Empoderamiento , Mentores , Enfermeras Practicantes/educación , Sociedades de Enfermería/organización & administración , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Humanos , Liderazgo , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Estados Unidos
6.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 31, 2020 Jan 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005227

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Flipped classroom is known to improve learning efficiency and to develop one's ability to apply high-level knowledge. To investigate the effect of flipped classroom approach on teaching evidence-based medicine to medical technology students, we conducted a tailor-made six flipped classroom based EBM courses for medical technology students. METHODS: This study adopted a qusai-experimental design with 62 medical technology interns as the research object. Students in the experimental group attended the flipped classroom course, while students in the control group attended the traditional course. The learning outcomes were evaluated by Fresno test in both groups. Furthermore, to understand student's perceptions on the flipped classroom approach, students in the experimental group were required to fill in a satisfaction survey and answer some open-ended questions. RESULTS: The Fresno test scores of the experimental group were significantly higher than that of the control group. From the results of the satisfaction survey, we know that students were satisfied with this course format. Students claimed that the flipped classroom approach could improve their learning efficiency and the interactions with teacher could help them to think more deeply. CONCLUSIONS: To conclude, most students showed positive attitudes and views on flipped classroom strategy. Moreover, students' questions were solved more effectively during class resulting in an improvement of effectiveness of evidence-based medicine trainings.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Basada en la Evidencia/educación , Personal de Laboratorio Clínico/educación , Enseñanza , Educación a Distancia , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Taiwán , Adulto Joven
7.
J Dent Educ ; 84(2): 135-142, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043588

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a blended learning model with a flipped classroom approach in a clinical dental education setting based on student performance and perceptions. Comparisons were made between blended learning and traditional methods for all fourth-year dental students in two consecutive cohorts in a conservative dentistry course at a dental school in Jordan. The 2016-17 cohort (control group) consisted of 364 students taught with conventional methods. The 2017-18 cohort (study group) consisted of 253 students taught with blended learning using a flipped classroom method. Performance measures were two exams (online and written), two assignments, inclinic quizzes, and clinical assessment. The study also assessed the number of posts made by students in the study group on an online discussion forum. The results showed that the study group students had significantly better performance on all assessments than the control group students. The students' overall grades in the blended learning cohort were an average 7.25 points higher than in the control cohort. Students who participated in the online forum also had better performance in the course: one participation correlated with 0.697 standard deviations higher score. Overall, students' perceptions were positive and supported the adoption of a blended learning model in the course. These results showing improved student performance provide support for blended learning and use of an online discussion forum.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Odontología , Curriculum , Educación en Odontología , Evaluación Educacional , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Facultades de Odontología
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 74-77, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056400

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to analyze the performance and perception of learning in relation to the Traditional Method (TM) and Constructivist Method (CM) in the teaching of Human Anatomy. The sample consisted of 76 students of the Physical Education course of the State University of Londrina, randomly distributed into two groups: TM and CM. The TM group received theoretical-expository and practical classes. The CM group was taken to the laboratory for practical classes and the participants of this class were allocated in up to seven per work table. Didactic materials and cadaveric parts were made available for consultation. After both intervention methods, the groups performed an evaluation on the studied content. The following week, a crossover was performed between the groups and, after the intervention, all participants were again evaluated. Before being given the outcome of their evaluations, participants were asked to answer questions about their perception of learning in relation to the above-mentioned methods. After the analysis, it was verified that the TM group obtained better results in the tests when compared to the CM group. In addition, according to students' perceptions, TM also favored learning more than CM. Therefore, it was evidenced in the present study that the traditional method was more favorable both for the quantitative performance and learning perception of the participants.


El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar el rendimiento y la percepción del aprendizaje en relación con el Método Tradicional (MT) y el Método Constructivista (MC) en la enseñanza de la Anatomía Humana. La muestra consistió en 76 estudiantes del curso de Educación Física de la Universidad Estatal de Londrina, distribuidos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: MT y MC. El grupo MT recibió clases teórico-expositivas y prácticas. El grupo MC fue llevado al laboratorio para clases prácticas y los participantes de esta clase fueron asignados en hasta siete por mesa de trabajo. Los materiales didácticos y las piezas cadavéricas se pusieron a disposición para consulta. Después de ambos métodos de intervención, los grupos realizaron una evaluación del contenido estudiado. La semana siguiente, se realizó un cruce entre los grupos y, después de la intervención, todos los participantes fueron evaluados nuevamente. Antes de recibir el resultado de sus evaluaciones, se les pidió a los participantes que respondieran preguntas sobre su percepción del aprendizaje en relación con los métodos mencionados anteriormente. Después del análisis, se verificó que el grupo MT obtuvo mejores resultados en las pruebas en comparación con el grupo MC. Además, según las percepciones de los estudiantes, MT también favoreció el aprendizaje más que MC. Por lo tanto, se evidenció en el presente estudio que el método tradicional era más favorable tanto para el rendimiento cuantitativo como para la percepción del aprendizaje de los participantes.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Percepción , Estudiantes/psicología , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Aprendizaje , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Enseñanza , Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Anatomía/educación , Modelos Teóricos
9.
Am J Surg ; 219(4): 552-556, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014295

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that differences in motion data during a simulated laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVH) can be used to stratify top and lower tier performers and streamline video review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical residents (N = 94) performed a simulated partial LVH repair while wearing motion tracking sensors. We identified the top ten and lower ten performers based on a final product quality score (FPQS) of the repair. Two blinded raters independently reviewed motion plots to identify patterns and stratify top and lower tier performers. RESULTS: Top performers had significantly higher FPQS (23.3 ± 1.2 vs 5.7 ± 1.6 p < 0.01). Raters identified patterns and stratified top performers from lower tier performers (Rater 1 χ2 = 3.2 p = 0.07 and Rater 2 χ2 = 2.0 p = 0.16). During video review, we correlated motion plots with the relevant portion of the procedure. CONCLUSION: Differences in motion data can identify learning needs and enable rapid review of surgical videos for coaching.


Asunto(s)
Retroalimentación , Herniorrafia/educación , Internado y Residencia , Entrenamiento Simulado/métodos , Grabación en Video , Dispositivos Electrónicos Vestibles , Competencia Clínica , Femenino , Hernia Ventral/cirugía , Humanos , Laparoscopía/educación , Masculino , Tutoría/métodos , Movimiento , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas
11.
Med Educ Online ; 25(1): 1710328, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902316

RESUMEN

Background: The College of Medicine at Qassim University (COMQU) was founded in 2001 as a problem-based learning and community-oriented medical school in order to strengthen the health system not only in the Qassim region but also in the whole of Saudi Arabia. The aim of the current study was to assess whether the COMQU is a socially accountable medical school and the steps taken to achieve that target.Materials and methods: The study used the social accountability grid published by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a framework to assess the social accountability efforts in the context of three functions of medical schools: education, service and research. Data were collected through the analysis of college documents (2001-2017) and interviews with key informants.Results: The COMQU shows compliance towards social accountability in the three domains of the grid. The indicators related to the education domain demonstrate more compliance than those of research and community service in the grid.Conclusion: The COMQU is based on community-oriented medical education (COME) with strong commitment towards social accountability (socially responsible going towards social responsiveness). More research is needed in order to pave the way to achieve social accountability status.Abbreviations: COMQU: College of Medicine at Qassim University; COME: Community-oriented medical education; WHO: The World Health Organization; MOH: Ministry of Health; SCFHS: Saudi Commission of Health Specialties; PHC: Primary Health Care; HYMS: Hull York Medical School; WFME: World Federation for Medical Education; NCAAA: National Commission for Academic Accreditation and Assessment.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica/normas , Facultades de Medicina , Responsabilidad Social , Acreditación , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Investigación Cualitativa , Arabia Saudita
13.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 24(1): 53-62, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518475

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: In the United Kingdom, the General Dental Council requires newly graduated dentists to be competent in managing orthodontic emergencies. Undergraduate students typically receive limited exposure to orthodontics, with teaching primarily delivered via conventional lectures. Flipped teaching involves knowledge being acquired in students' own time, with class time focussing on construction of meaning. METHODS: A total of 61 undergraduate dental students were randomised into either a flipped or a conventional group. The conventional group (n = 30) attended a lecture describing the management of six common emergencies. The flipped group (n = 31) were given access to six videos via a virtual learning environment and later completed practical tasks related to the material. Both groups completed a single best answer assessment. Perceptions of flipped classroom teaching were explored via focus groups. RESULTS: For questions on orthodontic emergencies, the conventional group had a mean examination result of 70.5% (SD 8.0%) compared with the flipped group of 72.8% (SD 12.9%). There was no significant difference between the groups (P = .532). For regular orthodontic questions, the conventional group had a mean examination result of 64.8% (SD: 19.9%) compared with 78.3% (SD: 21.7%). There was no significant difference between the groups (P = .083). Thematic analysis identified the following themes: ways in which videos encourages more effective learning, improved engagement, awareness of learning needs and proposed teaching/curriculum changes. The overarching theoretical perspective was facilitating an experiential learning cycle using flipped classroom teaching. CONCLUSIONS: In the context of this investigation, the flipped classroom method of teaching resulted in comparable examination performance and improved levels of satisfaction.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Odontología , Urgencias Médicas , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Curriculum , Educación en Odontología/métodos , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Enseñanza , Reino Unido
14.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 24(1): 154-162, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696596

RESUMEN

AIMS: To explore the impact of dyslexia on the educational experiences of undergraduate students in medicine, dentistry, dental therapy and biomedical sciences. METHODS: It was a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at a University in the South West region of the United Kingdom. Purposive sampling was used, and the participants included undergraduate students from the schools of medicine, dentistry and biomedical sciences. RESULTS: The sample consisted of fifteen undergraduate students including five from medicine; four from dentistry; three from dental therapy; and three from biomedical sciences. All students had a formal diagnosis of Dyslexia. The students shared their views and experiences regarding disclosure, transition into the university, learning environments, assessments and challenges after graduation. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to explore the impact of dyslexia on the educational experiences of healthcare students from multiple programmes in a variety of educational settings. The findings show that the students were confident regarding disclosure of their dyslexia and had a formal diagnosis of dyslexia established during their school years. Although the participants experienced typical academic difficulties associated with dyslexia, problem-based learning (PBL) was perceived to be enjoyable and less stressful than traditional lectures and no specific challenges were reported in acquisition of clinical, communication and team-working skills.


Asunto(s)
Dislexia , Humanos , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Investigación Cualitativa , Estudiantes , Reino Unido
15.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e180616, 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056559

RESUMEN

Resumo Pretende-se refletir sobre as dificuldades e potencialidades na aplicação da Educação Problematizadora em um programa de residência multiprofissional em Saúde, na perspectiva do fortalecimento do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) por meio da qualificação das ações pedagógicas nesse campo. Trata-se de uma pesquisa avaliativa, participativa e com abordagem qualitativa, do tipo Estudo de Caso, realizada em um programa de residência multiprofissional em Saúde Mental. Entre os elementos pedagógicos freireanos identificados, destaca-se o ciclo retroalimentado ação-reflexão-ação - capaz de potencializar o próprio processo educativo -, enquanto as limitações à proposta educacional problematizadora apresentaram-se relacionadas às contradições com os modelos formativos e práticos vigentes no campo da saúde. Uma melhor apropriação dos fundamentos educacionais que sustentam as residências multiprofissionais em Saúde, por parte de tutores, preceptores e residentes, é capaz de potencializar o processo de ensino-aprendizagem para os trabalhadores do SUS.(AU)


Abstract We aim to reflect upon the difficulties and potentials of applying a questioning education in a multiprofessional health residency program to strengthen the Brazilian National Health System (SUS) by qualifying pedagogical actions in this field. This is a participative evaluative research of the case-study type, with a qualitative approach, conducted in a multiprofessional mental health residency program. Among the identified Freire's pedagogical elements, the action-reflection-action feedback loop is highlighted, which enables to intensify the educational process. The limitations of a questioning educational proposal, on the other hand, were related to contradictions with the educational and practical models in health. An improved appropriation of the educational foundations that base multiprofessional health residencies by tutors, preceptors, and residents enables to intensify the teaching and learning process of SUS workers.(AU)


Resumen Se pretende reflexionar sobre las dificultades y potencialidades en la aplicación de la Educación Problematizadora en un programa de Residencia Multiprofesional en Salud, bajo la perspectiva del fortalecimiento del Sistema Único de Salud, por medio de la calificación de las acciones pedagógicas en ese campo. Se trata de un estudio evaluativo, participativo, con abordaje cualitativo, del tipo Estudio de Caso, realizado en un programa de Residencia Multiprofesional en Salud Mental. Entre los elementos pedagógicos "freireanos" identificados se destaca el ciclo retroalimentado Acción-Reflexión-Acción, capaz de potencializar el propio proceso educacional, mientas que las limitaciones a la propuesta educativa problematizadora se presentaron relacionadas a las contradicciones con los modelos formativos y prácticos vigentes en el campo de la salud. Una mejor apropiación de los fundamentos educativos que sostienen las Residencias Multiprofesionales en Salud, por parte de tutores, preceptores y residentes, es capaz de potencializar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje para los trabajadores del Sistema Único de Salud.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Enseñanza/tendencias , Personal de Salud/educación , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Sistema Único de Salud/tendencias , Salud Mental , Internado y Residencia , Modelos Teóricos
16.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 37-38, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860484

RESUMEN

This pilot study showed how concept mapping during debriefing made a difference in the learning experience of participants. After a 20-minute video showing the clinical interaction between nurses and a patient, 34 nursing students debriefed their observations in either a traditional team debriefing session or in a debriefing session using concept mapping. Results showed an increase in analysis of thoughts, feelings, and critical thinking and connections to clinical concepts for students who used concept mapping during the debriefing session. Results suggest the application of concept mapping during debriefing as a useful teaching modality to help make connections to clinical concepts.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Pensamiento , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto
17.
Med Educ Online ; 25(1): 1686949, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672119

RESUMEN

Background: The transition from a traditional lecture-based curriculum to a competency-based curriculum poses significant challenges to both students and faculty in medical schools, especially when the curriculum is implemented in a flipped learning environment. Self-regulated learning (SRL) has been proven to be beneficial for competency-based learning and flipped classroom learning, but medical educators cannot expect our entering medical students to bring in these learning skills automatically.Methods: This study took place in the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine. A new competency-based curriculum was implemented in the fall 2016, focusing on the integration of basic science and clinical experience. Participants in this study were 26 first- and second-year students. By interviewing each student about the learning strategies they use in independent learning before class, we investigated how students use SRL strategies in different phases of learning, and how their adoption of SRL strategies differ across self-perceived achievement groups and years.Results: We found that students frequently use strategies in the stages of planning and reflection, but less frequently during the learning or monitoring phase. Students who perceive themselves as high achieving, and students in their second year of medical school do use more learning strategies during the monitoring stage than their counterparts.Conclusions: Students who lack self-regulation strategies may fail to comprehend or connect ideas in their pre-class learning, which could lead to ineffective learning outcomes during in-class activities. Our study indicated that while medical students, who tend to be successful learners in their undergraduate study, were able to use learning strategies to plan and reflect on their learning, they need more explicit instruction in how to monitor their own learning.


Asunto(s)
Curriculum , Aprendizaje , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Estudiantes de Medicina , Educación Médica , Femenino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Michigan , Investigación Cualitativa , Enseñanza
18.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): E8-E9, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860502

RESUMEN

Knowing medications and their use in patient care is a component of safe practice. The Med-Match game transforms learning medications from a solitary task to an interactive activity. Educational games create real-life scenarios in a safe, context-rich environment without real-world consequences. Gaming is a form of active learning; learning occurs as a result of student-to-student interaction, peer feedback, and faculty debriefing. Although this activity was initially developed for nursing students, it can also be used with new RNs being oriented to a clinical setting or as an annual review for experienced nurses.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Retroalimentación , Humanos , Juegos de Video
20.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1048303

RESUMEN

Objetivo: compreender as percepções de mães de crianças com paralisia cerebral acerca dos cuidados realizados e aprendizados vividos a partir desse diagnóstico. Método: utilizou-se Inventário Sociodemográfico, Sistema de Classificação da Função Motora Grossa e Roteiro de Entrevista. Participaram 13 mães de crianças entre 0 e 12 anos com diagnóstico de paralisia cerebral atendidas em um centro de referência especializado nas áreas de crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil da capital Belém-PA. Resultados: as mães relataram a importância dos aprendizados adquiridos, o processo de amadurecimento, os sofrimentos experimentados, as percepções acerca da felicidade e os desafios a serem vencidos. Conclusão: constatou-se que apesar das dificuldades, as mães percebiam-se realizadas com a construção dos intensos aprendizados acerca dos cuidados exigidos na paralisia cerebral


Objective: this study aimed to understand the perceptions of mothers of children with cerebral palsy about the care and learning they have experienced since this diagnosis. Method: sociodemographic Inventory, Gross Motor Function Classification System and Interview were used. Participants: 13 mothers of children between 0 and 12 years old with diagnosis of cerebral palsy attended at a specialized referral center in the areas of growth and child development in BelémPará. Results: The mothers reported the importance of acquired learning, the maturation process, the suffering experienced, the perceptions about happiness and the challenges to be overcome. Conclusion: it was observed that despite the difficulties, the mothers perceived themselves accomplished with the construction of intense learning about the care required in cerebral palsy


Objetivo: comprender las percepciones de madres de niños con parálisis cerebral acerca de los cuidados realizados y aprendidos vividos a partir de ese diagnóstico. Método: se utilizó Inventario Sociodemográfico, Sistema de Clasificación de la Función Motora Grossa y Ruta de Entrevista. Participaron 13 madres de niños entre 0 y 12 años con diagnóstico de parálisis cerebral atendidas en un centro de referencia especializado en las áreas de crecimiento y desarrollo infantil de la capital Belém-PA. Resultados: las madres relataron la importancia de los aprendizajes adquiridos, el proceso de maduración, los sufrimientos experimentados, las percepciones acerca de la felicidad y los desafíos a ser vencidos. Conclusión: se constató que a pesar de las dificultades, las madres se percibían realizadas con la construcción de los intensos aprendizajes acerca de los cuidados exigidos en la parálisis cerebral


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Parálisis Cerebral , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Relaciones Madre-Hijo , Brasil , Cuidadores
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