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1.
J Sports Sci ; 38(1): 79-85, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631792

RESUMEN

In Australian Football (AF), small sided games have been used extensively as an alternative training method for technical and physical adaptations. Considering their application to AF, it is surprising a valid and reliable small-sided game kicking assessment remains absent. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a valid and reliable 5v6 Australian football small-sided game kicking proficiency assessment. Youth male AF players (n = 145) from different stages within the AF talent pathway were recruited. Validity (i.e., logical and construct) and reliability (i.e., test re-test) were assessed. The largest kicking proficiency difference was between U13 and U16 players and between novice and sub-elite players. Between the ages of U16 and U18 kicking proficiency appears to stabilise. The Australian football small-sided kicking assessment was 97% successful in identifying players as either novice or sub-elite. Larger physical performance (i.e., odometer, m/min-1 and %HIR) outputs were noted between U14 and U18 players and novice and sub-elite players. Collectively, these findings suggest the Australian football small-sided kicking assessment is a valid and reliable AF kicking proficiency assessment tool and may provide worthwhile information to coaches regarding kicking performance along the AFL pathway, to profile player strengths whilst identifying specific areas of improvement.


Asunto(s)
Aptitud , Destreza Motora/fisiología , Acondicionamiento Físico Humano/métodos , Fútbol/fisiología , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Australia , Niño , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Adulto Joven
2.
J Sports Sci Med ; 18(4): 758-771, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827361

RESUMEN

This qualitative investigation sought to explore through a socio-cultural lens the perceived early training and competition environment, and support network of world-class Caribbean track and field athletes and the influence on their sport engagement and progression during early childhood and adolescence. Sixteen world-class track and field athletes (8 males and 8 females; M age = 29, SD = 5 years) from 6 English-speaking Caribbean islands took part in semi-structured interviews. A thematic analysis was performed on the transcribed data. Three superordinate themes were identified as key factors that influenced the early sporting development of world-class Caribbean athletes: (1) conducive sporting environment, (2) functional social support network, and (3) key organizational input. Findings revealed that perceived high levels of deliberate play activity in childhood (6 - 12 years) and an intense track and field competition culture in adolescence (13 - 20 years) were conducive to the continued engagement and progression of world-class Caribbean track and field athletes at the junior level. Furthermore, world-class athletes perceived themselves to be positively influenced by the support received from their immediate social support network and key organizations during this period. This study showed that a conducive sporting environment coupled with optimal social and organizational support may have encouraged world-class Caribbean athletes to remain engaged in track and field and to successfully progress within the sport at the junior level. Findings shed light on the sporting culture at the junior level within the Caribbean region and provide insight into key environmental factors that can influence and foster the development of future World Champions and Olympians.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Competitiva/fisiología , Características Culturales , Apoyo Social , Atletismo/fisiología , Atletismo/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Aptitud , Familia , Femenino , Apoyo Financiero , Humanos , Masculino , Mentores , Motivación , Grupo Paritario , Juego e Implementos de Juego , Investigación Cualitativa , Atletismo/economía , Indias Occidentales , Adulto Joven
3.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e37778, jan.-dez. 2019.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1005513

RESUMEN

Objetivo: determinar el tipo de autonomía que ejerce la enfermera perinatal en una maternidad con intervención exclusiva por enfermeras según la percepción de las usuarias. Metodología: investigación con enfoque cualitativo, descriptivo, orientado por la teoría de representaciones de Moscovici, se desarrolló de junio a agosto de 2016, siendo el escenario de una maternidad. Como actores sociales tuvimos treinta y cuatro pacientes que recibieron atención en la fase perinatal. A partir de la información obtenida de las entrevistas se codificaron los datos extrayendo las categorías que fueron discutidas. Resultados: emergieron educación, cultura, humanismo, género y administración. Conclusión las usuarias percibieron un modelo de atención del parto natural de acuerdo a cuidados basado en la educación intercultural, que posibilitan un cuidado humanizado personalizado de las enfermeras para madre, padre e hijo.


Objetivo: Determinar o tipo de autonomia que exerce a enfermeira perinatal em uma maternidade com atendimento exclusivamente, realizada por enfermeiras, segundo a percepção das clientes. Metodologia: pesquisa realizada de junho a agosto de 2016, sendo o cenário em uma Maternidade, com enfoque qualitativo, descritivo, orientada pela teoria das representações sociais de Moscovici. As participantes foram 34 clientes que receberam o atendimento durante a fase perinatal. A partir das informações obtidas, por meio das entrevistas, codificaram-se os dados e emergiram-se as categorias. Resultados: apontou como categorias a educação, a cultura, o humanismo, o género e administração. Conclusão: As clientes percebem um modelo de atendimento do parto natural assente em cuidados baseados na educação intercultural, que possibilita um cuidado humanizado pessoalizado pelas enfermeiras para mãe, pai e filho.


Objective: to determine, according to user perceptions, the type of autonomy exercised by perinatal nurses at a maternity facility with care provided exclusively by nurses. Methodology: this qualitative, descriptive study, conducted at a maternity facility from June to August 2016, was guided by Moscovici's theory of social representations. The participants were 34 patients who received care during the perinatal phase. Data were codified from information obtained in interviews. Results: from the study, the following categories emerged; education, culture, humanism, gender and administration. Conclusion: users perceived a natural birth care model resting on care based on intercultural education, which made for humanized nursing care for mother, father and child.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Percepción Social , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Enfermería Neonatal , Humanización de la Atención , Servicios de Enfermería , Aptitud , Competencia Profesional , Teoría de Enfermería , Actitud del Personal de Salud
4.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 110(10): 794-799, dic. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-185600

RESUMEN

La Dermatología Estética se ocupa de la belleza y apariencia de la piel, una parte importantísima de la imagen corporal. Los tratamientos utilizados en Dermatología Estética (higiene, hidratación, protección, reparación) buscan potenciar las características propias de la piel, en su anatomía, función y vitalidad, y esto se traduce en mejoras del aspecto estético. La comunicación con el paciente es fundamental en la consulta médica y entendemos que la Dermatología Estética tiene connotaciones especiales que deben considerarse. En este artículo se presenta un modelo propio de tres pilares en la comunicación con el paciente estético y se exponen tres habilidades humanas como dichos pilares: asertividad, empatía y juicio crítico


Cosmetic dermatology deals with the beauty and appearance of the skin - a most important element of body image. Treatments used in cosmetic dermatology (hygiene, hydration, protection, repair) aim to enhance the characteristics of the skin, its anatomy, its function, and its vitality, to produce aesthetic improvements. Communication with the patient is essential in medical consultations and we believe that it has special connotations in cosmetic dermatology that must be taken into account. In this article, we present a 3 - pillar model for communication with cosmetic dermatology patients that rests on 3 skills: assertiveness, empathy, and critical judgement


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estética , Dermatología/instrumentación , Dermatología/tendencias , Comunicación , Imagen Corporal , Guías como Asunto , Aptitud , Asertividad , Empatía , Motivación
5.
Rev Infirm ; 68(255): 40-41, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757330

RESUMEN

Role-playing between peers is a pedagogical approach frequently used in training, including for student nurses. As the size of the group has been identified as potentially influencing this practice, a into the effects of role-playing in sub-groups of students on the development of relational attitudes and techniques.


Asunto(s)
Aptitud , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Grupo Paritario , Desempeño de Papel
6.
Behav Processes ; 168: 103958, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509770

RESUMEN

Numerous investigators have examined the hypothesis that males and females learn or perform differentially on various tasks. However, many of the behavioural investigations with nonhuman animals (e.g., rats) have used paradigms that do not permit the exploration of complex learning and memory between the sexes. To this end, we explored the ability of male versus female mice to learn three different patterns in succession in three separate experiments: single alternation (e.g., right, left, right, left), double alternation (e.g., right, right, left, left), and runs (e.g., 123, 234, 345, 456, 567, 678, 781, 812, where digits represent locations within a circular array in the counterclockwise direction). We hypothesized that sex differences, if they existed, would be most likely to appear as the pattern to be learned became more complex (required more rules to capture how elements relate to one another). The results indicated that mice can learn all three pattern types, but learning was more difficult as pattern complexity increased. Males learned the runs pattern significantly more quickly than females did; no significant differences were found between males and females for acquisition of the single-alternation or double-alternation patterns. These results suggest that sex differences in serial pattern learning within rodents are not unique to rats and are more likely to be seen during acquisition of more complex patterns.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje por Laberinto , Recuerdo Mental , Aprendizaje Seriado , Caracteres Sexuales , Animales , Aptitud , Atención , Femenino , Masculino , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Motivación , Orientación , Aprendizaje Espacial , Privación de Agua
7.
J Sports Sci ; 37(22): 2522-2529, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409199

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to determine the factors affecting sports involvement in a school-based adolescent population. The cross-sectional cohort study assessed anthropometry, physical capacities and motor competence in 501 boys (aged 10-16 y), from junior (10-12 y) and senior (13-16 y) cohorts. Sports participation data was collected from junior participants. Multivariate analysis of covariance revealed moderate maturity, anthropometry, physical capacity and motor competence differences between sports in the senior cohort (F = 2.616, p < 0.001, η2 = .08), but not in the junior cohort. Furthermore, differences in physical fitness were revealed between playing levels (F = 2.616, p < 0.001, η2 = .08), with a discriminant analysis correctly classifying 73% of participants using aerobic fitness and vertical jump measures. Representative level participants engaged in more structured training and commenced organised competition at a later age (F = 4.332, p < 0.001, η2 = .21). This study's findings are twofold: 1) physical and motor competence profiles differ more between sports with increasing age, and 2) participants at a higher level of competition report delayed engagement in their main sport. As a result, schools may be the ideal environment in which to provide children and adolescents with the opportunity to sample different sports.


Asunto(s)
Antropometría , Aptitud/fisiología , Destreza Motora/fisiología , Aptitud Física , Deportes Juveniles/fisiología , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Australia , Niño , Conducta Competitiva/fisiología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Masculino , Instituciones Académicas , Maduración Sexual/fisiología
8.
Percept Mot Skills ; 126(5): 1006-1023, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362581

RESUMEN

This study aimed to evaluate the test-retest reliability of soccer skill tests belonging to the F-MARC test battery. To avoid bias during talent identification and development, coaches and scouts should be using reliable tests for assessing soccer-specific skills in young male players. Fifty-two U-14 outfield male soccer players performed F-MARC soccer skill tests on two occasions, separated by 7 days. After familiarization, we administered two trial sessions of five skill tests: speed dribbling, juggling, shooting, passing, and heading. We assessed absolute reliability by expressing the standard error of measurement as a coefficient of variation with 95% limits of agreement, and we assessed relative reliability with the intraclass correlation coefficient and with Pearson's correlation (r). The results demonstrated satisfactory relative and absolute reliability for speed dribbling, right foot juggling, short passing, shooting a dead ball right, shooting from a pass, heading in front, and heading right. However, reliability values for left foot juggling, chest-head-foot juggling, head-left-foot-right foot-chest-head juggling, long pass, and shooting a dead ball left tests were not strong enough to suggest their usage by coaches in training or sport scientists in research.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Atlético , Fútbol , Adolescente , Aptitud , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Deportes Juveniles
9.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 199: 102903, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470173

RESUMEN

Dyslexia is often characterized by disordered word recognition and spelling, though dysfunction on various non-linguistic tasks suggests a more pervasive deficit may underlie reading and spelling abilities. The serial-order learning impairment in dyslexia (SOLID) hypothesis proposes that sequence learning impairments fundamentally disrupt cognitive abilities, including linguistic processes, among individuals with dyslexia; yet only some studies report sequence learning deficits in people with dyslexia relative to controls. Evidence may be mixed because traditional sequence learning tasks often require strong motor demands, working memory processes and/or executive functions, wherein people with dyslexia can show impairments. Thus, observed sequence learning deficits in dyslexia may only appear to the extent that comorbid motor-based processes, memory capacity, or executive processes are involved. The present study measured sequence learning in college-aged students with and without dyslexia using a single task that evaluates sequencing and non-sequencing components but without strong motor, executive, or memory demands. During sequencing, each additional link in a sequence of stimuli leading to a reward is trained step-by-step, until a complete sequence is acquired. People with dyslexia made significantly more sequencing errors than controls, despite equivalent performance on non-sequencing components. Mediation analyses further revealed that sequence learning accounted for a large portion of the variance between dyslexia status and linguistic abilities, particularly pseudo-word reading. These findings extend the SOLID hypothesis by showing difficulties in the ability to acquire sequences that may play an underlying role in literacy acquisition.


Asunto(s)
Aptitud/fisiología , Dislexia/psicología , Lingüística/tendencias , Lectura , Aprendizaje Seriado/fisiología , Adulto , Dislexia/diagnóstico , Dislexia/fisiopatología , Función Ejecutiva/fisiología , Femenino , Predicción , Humanos , Masculino , Memoria/fisiología , Desempeño Psicomotor/fisiología , Adulto Joven
10.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 18(3): ar31, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397654

RESUMEN

College science courses aim to teach students both disciplinary knowledge and scientific literacy skills. Several instruments have been developed to assess students' scientific literacy skills, but few studies have reported how demographic differences may play a role. The goal of this study was to determine whether demographic factors differentially impact students' scientific literacy skills. We assessed more than 700 students using the Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS), a validated instrument developed to assess scientific literacy in college science courses. Interestingly, we found that Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) reading score was the strongest predictor of TOSLS performance, suggesting that fundamental literacy (reading comprehension) is a critical component of scientific literacy skills. Additionally, we found significant differences in raw scientific literacy skills on the basis of ethnicity (underrepresented minority [URM] vs. non-URM), major (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics [STEM] vs. non-STEM), year of college (e.g., senior vs. freshman), grade point average (GPA), and SAT math scores. However, when using multivariate regression models, we found no difference based on ethnicity. These data suggest that students' aptitude and level of training (based on GPA, SAT scores, STEM or non-STEM major, and year of college) are significantly correlated with scientific literacy skills and thus could be used as predictors for student success in courses that assess scientific literacy skills.


Asunto(s)
Alfabetización , Ciencia/educación , Habilidades para Tomar Exámenes , Aptitud , Pruebas de Aptitud , Evaluación Educacional , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Masculino , Estudiantes , Universidades
11.
Codas ; 31(4): e20180142, 2019 Aug 15.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433038

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To verify the influence of the age of implantation in the development of closed-set auditory recognition and auditory comprehension abilities in children using unilateral cochlear implants (CI), comparing distinct groups and determining clinical markers. METHODS: Participants were 180 children operated and activated until 36 months of age and who used a CI for at least 60 months. Abilities of auditory recognition in closed-set and auditory comprehension were analyzed through the GASP Tests 5 and 6. The influence of age of implantation was investigated with three groups of children: implanted before 18 months (G1), between 19 and 24 months (G2) and between 25 and 36 months of age (G3). RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference when comparing the three groups. Children progressively developed auditory abilities, presenting auditory recognition ability together at approximately 41±4 months of CI use and auditory comprehension at 53±4 months. CONCLUSION: There was no correlation between hearing performance and age of implantation for children implanted before 36 months of age. For the abilities of auditory recognition and comprehension, the clinical marker was 41±4 and 53±4 months of auditory age, respectively. Therefore, it is expected that, around 60 months of CI use, children implanted during the sensitive period can understand speech without the aid of orofacial reading, reaching the most complex hearing abilities.


Asunto(s)
Percepción Auditiva , Trastornos de la Percepción Auditiva/diagnóstico , Implantes Cocleares , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Factores de Edad , Aptitud , Biomarcadores , Niño , Comprensión , Pruebas Auditivas , Humanos , Desarrollo del Lenguaje , Estudios Longitudinales , Estudios Retrospectivos , Percepción del Habla , Factores de Tiempo
12.
Pap. psicol ; 40(2): 89-100, mayo-ago. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183639

RESUMEN

La Práctica (Clínica) Basada en la Evidencia se define como la integración de la mejor investigación disponible con la pericia clínica y las características, preferencias y cultura del paciente. Del mismo modo, la variable terapeuta empieza a mostrar su influencia decisi-va en el resultado de los tratamientos psicológicos. En este trabajo se pone el énfasis en la figura del terapeuta en el contexto del pro-grama de formación PIR de especialistas en Psicología Clínica de nuestro Sistema Nacional de Salud. Se revisan los constructos pericia, efectos del terapeuta y se presenta la Práctica Deliberada como un sistema de entrenamiento que puede ayudar a mejorar los resultados de los clínicos y sus tratamientos. Se realizan recomendaciones concretas para mejorar el modelo de supervisión durante la residencia PIR y se discuten algunas de las implicaciones y limitaciones del estado actual de la cuestión


Evidence-based (clinical) practice is the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture and preferences. Similarly, the therapist factor is beginning to show its decisive influence on the outcome of psychological treatments. This paper emphasizes the therapist factor in the context of the PIR training program of Clinical Psychology specialists within our National Health System. Expertise and therapist effects are reviewed and deliberate practice is presented as a training system that can help clinical psychologists to improve their outcomes and treatments. Specific recommendations are made to improve the supervision model during PIR training and the implications and limitations of the topic are discussed


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Psicología Clínica/métodos , Psicoterapia/métodos , Aptitud/fisiología , Competencia Clínica , Procesos Psicoterapéuticos , Psicología Clínica/instrumentación , Práctica Clínica Basada en la Evidencia , Sistemas Nacionales de Salud
13.
Pap. psicol ; 40(2): 125-132, mayo-ago. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183642

RESUMEN

El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión sistemática en la literatura científica existente sobre la creatividad en función de la edad, haciendo especial énfasis en las diferencias que se presentan entre cada etapa evolutiva del desarrollo humano, comprobando si existe disminución de esta capacidad a lo largo de la vida. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica en las bases de datos, Web of Science, Scopus y PsycINFO, tomando en cuenta publicaciones realizadas entre 2010 y 2017 en español o inglés. Se seleccionaron 25 artículos que se analizaron en base a diferentes características como los instrumentos empleados. Los resultados muestran hetero-geneidad en los hallazgos y se discuten los resultados tratando de arrojar luz sobre la comprensión de los mismos


The objective of this study was to carry out a systematic review of the existing scientific literature on creativity based on age, with spe-cial emphasis on the differences that occur between each evolutionary stage of human development, checking whether there is a de-crease in this capacity over a lifetime. A literature review was carried out using the databases Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO, taking into account publications produced between 2010 and 2017 in Spanish or English. We selected 25 articles that were analyzed based on different characteristics such as the instruments used. The results show heterogeneity in the findings. We discuss the results, attempting to shed light on their interpretation


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Creatividad , Factores de Edad , Desempeño de Papel , Imaginación/fisiología , Aptitud/fisiología
14.
Psicothema ; 31(3): 255-262, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292039

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Gifted and talented students have different functioning in some components of executive functions, such as working memory. This meta-analysis examines the differences between students with high abilities and with average intelligence in working memory. METHOD: A total of 17 articles with 33 different studies were analyzed. A random effects model was used, calculating the effect size with Hedges g. The moderating variables were analyzed using a meta-regression model for continuous variables and ANOVA for categorical variables. RESULTS: Results show an average effect size of g +=0.80 (95% CI: 0.621, 0.976) and high heterogeneity (Q(32)=196.966; <.001; I2 =83.754%). In the studies that measured verbal working memory, the effect size was g +=0.969 (95% CI: 0.697, 1.241) and heterogeneity I2 =83.416%. In those assessing visual working memory, g +=0.674 (95% CI: 0.443, 0.906) and the heterogeneity was 83.416%. The analysis of the moderating variables identified the way of measuring working memory as the only significant variable. CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant effect in favor of gifted and talented students in both verbal and visual working memory, with significant influence of the procedure used to measure working memory.


Asunto(s)
Aptitud , Niño Superdotado/psicología , Inteligencia , Memoria a Corto Plazo/fisiología , Estudiantes/psicología , Adolescente , Análisis de Varianza , Niño , Intervalos de Confianza , Femenino , Humanos , Pruebas de Inteligencia , Masculino , Tamaño de la Muestra
15.
Work ; 63(4): 559-569, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282461

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Given the physical demands of mining and rescue operations, a physical employment standard was warranted to ensure capable workers are selected. While evaluations of muscular strength and muscular and cardiorespiratory endurance domains are common, assessment of a worker's ability to meet the physically demanding postural requirements is often neglected. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to develop a valid assessment for NSW Mines Rescue Brigadesmen that replicated the combined muscular and cardiorespiratory endurance and postural demands of constructing a timber pillar. METHODS: Oxygen consumption () V̇O2) was measured and dominant postures identified when incumbent Brigadesmen constructed a timber pillar. A shelf-stacking assessment was designed and validated. RESULTS: When Brigadesmen performed the block placement role, the task elicited a mean V̇O2 of 1.6 L.min-1, and required repeated placement of ∼8.7 kg blocks from 0 to 3.0 m. A shelf stacking assessment (5 min, mean V̇O2 1.7 L.min-1) replicating dominant postures and requiring repeated block placement at 0, 0.65, 1.10, 1.64 and 2.20 m was developed. The demand of the test, performed within a discontinuous circuit, was subsequently verified (1.6 L.min-1). CONCLUSIONS: A valid, physiological aptitude test that considered the job-related movement patterns, in addition to cardiorespiratory and muscular endurance requirements, was developed for Brigadesmen.


Asunto(s)
Evaluación del Rendimiento de Empleados/métodos , Empleo/normas , Examen Físico/métodos , Aptitud Física/fisiología , Trabajo de Rescate/normas , Adulto , Aptitud/fisiología , Evaluación del Rendimiento de Empleados/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Minería , Fuerza Muscular , Nueva Gales del Sur , Consumo de Oxígeno , Examen Físico/normas
17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323860

RESUMEN

In this study, we examine employees' perceptions of their work ability from a sustainable career perspective. Specifically, we investigate the role of a person's perceived current fit (i.e., autonomy, strengths use and needs-supply fit), and future fit with their job as resources that affect perceived work ability, defined as the extent to which employees feel capable of continuing their current work over a longer time period. In addition, we test whether meaningfulness of one's work mediates this relationship, and we address the moderating role of age. Our hypotheses were tested using a sample of 5205 employees working in diverse sectors in Belgium. The results of multi-group Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) provide mixed evidence for our hypotheses. While all four resources were significantly and positively related to perceived meaningfulness, only needs-supply fit was positively related to perceived work ability. Strengths use, on the other hand, was also significantly related to perceived work ability, yet in a negative way. These findings underscore the importance of distinguishing between several types of resources to understand their impact upon perceived work ability. Interestingly, the relationship between future-orientedness of the job and perceived work ability was moderated by age, with the relationship only being significant and positive for middle-aged and senior workers. This suggests an increasingly important role of having a perspective of future fit with one's job as employees grow older. Contrary to our expectations, meaningfulness did not mediate the relationships between resources and perceived work ability. We discuss these findings and their implications from the perspective of sustainable career development.


Asunto(s)
Aptitud , Ocupaciones , Autonomía Profesional , Trabajo/psicología , Adulto , Bélgica , Selección de Profesión , Femenino , Recursos en Salud , Humanos , Longevidad , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recursos Humanos
18.
J Sports Sci ; 37(22): 2588-2595, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352872

RESUMEN

Water polo players require a high level of upper-extremity strength, flexibility and coordination to achieve a peak level of throwing performance. Increased levels of shoulder proprioceptive acuity, strength and range of motion (ROM) have been previously associated with higher sporting performance. A coach-rating scale, used to quantify an athlete's kicking proficiency in soccer; was adapted in the current study to measure each coach's subjective expert opinion regarding athletes' throwing mechanics, velocity, and accuracy. To examine this hypothesis shoulder proprioception acuity of 18 water polo players was measured both in-water and on-land using an AMEDA apparatus and correlated with coach-rated throwing performance and clinical measures of shoulder strength and ROM. There was a moderate positive correlation between the in-water and the on-land proprioception acuity (r = 0.47, p < 0.05). The in-water score showing a strong positive correlation with coach rated throwing mechanics (r = 0.68, p < 0.05) and velocity (r = 0.75, p = 0.02), suggesting that superior proprioception acuity contributed to fast, mechanically-efficient throwing. These findings support the notion that in-water proprioceptive acuity is an important determinant of the throwing performance achieved by water polo athletes and its measurement may be a valuable adjunct to current athlete screening.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Atlético/fisiología , Fuerza Muscular/fisiología , Propiocepción/fisiología , Rango del Movimiento Articular/fisiología , Hombro/fisiología , Deportes Acuáticos/fisiología , Aptitud , Diseño de Equipo , Prueba de Esfuerzo/instrumentación , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Tutoría , Rotación
19.
Nat Hum Behav ; 3(8): 867-884, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332299

RESUMEN

Despite the popularity of the Ancient Greek maxim 'know thyself', the importance of self-insight for adjustment, or effective psychological functioning, remains unclear. Here we examined four perspectives about how cognitive and emotional abilities and self-views about these abilities relate to adjustment. We administered tests of cognitive and emotional abilities and assessed self-views about these abilities. Participants then completed daily diaries for a week to report multiple self-reported indicators of adjustment. We analysed data using polynomial regression and response surface analysis. We found no support for benefits of self-insight. The conditions to infer support for linear or curvilinear associations between abilities or self-views about these abilities and adjustment were also not met. The findings suggest that giving employees and students feedback about their cognitive and emotional abilities in organizations and in schools may not enhance their adjustment. We discuss the limitations of our study and offer suggestions for future research. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: The stage 1 protocol for this Registered Report was accepted in principle on 21 June 2018. The protocol, as accepted by the journal, can be found at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4283567.v1 .


Asunto(s)
Aptitud , Cognición , Ajuste Emocional , Emociones , Autoevaluación , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Autoimagen , Adulto Joven
20.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (46): 37-84, jul. 2019. graf
Artículo en Portugués | IBECS | ID: ibc-184852

RESUMEN

dÉ a pessoa que inaugura a existência jurídica do ser: sem ela é difícil se chegar a acordos acerca das especificidades de direitos e deveres. No entremeio dessa relação, o transhumanismo, filosofia que advoga por um ser humano melhorado de modo a transcender sua natureza biológica, encontra respaldo prático na interação da tecnologia com a biologia, resultando na ampliação paulatina dos modos de "ser" humano, onde o ciborgue emerge como potencial humano diferenciado em vulnerabilidades e potencialidades em comparação ao Homo sapiens moderno. Assim, a personalidade jurídica contemporaneamente considerada é afetada e repensar sua formulação faz-se necessário. Sustenta-se que as inéditas possibilidades de proteção e responsabilização do ciborgue implicam sua existência jurídica através de uma nova pessoa, a pessoa não-natural


Es la persona que inaugura la existencia jurídica del ser: sin ella, es difícil llegar a acuerdos sobre las especificidades de derechos y deberes. En el centro de esa relación, el transhumanismo, filosofia que defiende un ser humano mejorado de manera a transcender su natureza biológica, encuentra respaldo práctico en la interacción de la tecnología con la biología, culminando en la ampliación paulatina de los modos de "ser" humano, donde el ciborg emerge como potencial humano diferenciado en vulnerabilidades y potencialidades en comparación al Homo sapiens moderno. Así, la personalidad jurídica contemporánea considerada es afectada y repensar su formulación se hace necesario. Se sustenta que las inéditas posibilidades de protección y responsabilización del ciborg implican su existencia jurídica a través de una nueva persona, la persona no-natural


És la persona que inaugura l'existència legal de l'ésser: sense ella és difícil arribar a acords sobre les especificitats dels drets i deures. Enmig d'aquesta relació, el transhumanisme, filosofia que advoca per un ésser humà millorat per a transcendir la seva naturalesa biològica, troba suport pràctic en la interacció de la tecnologia amb la biologia, resultant en l'expansió gradual de les maneres de "ser" humà, on el cyborg emergeix com un potencial humà diferenciat en vulnerabilitats i potencialitats enfront de l'Homo sapiens modern. Així, la personalitat jurídica contemporània es veu afectada i és necessari replantejar-se la seva formulació. S'argumenta que les possibilitats de protecció i responsabilitat del ciborg impliquen una existència jurídica sense precedents a través d'una nova persona, la persona no natural


It is the person who inaugurates the legal existence of the being: without it, it is difficult to reach agreements on the specificities of rights and duties. In the midst of this relationship, transhumanism, a philosophy that advocates an improved human being to transcend his biological nature, finds practical support in the interaction of technology with biology, resulting in the gradual expansion of human "being" modes, where the cyborg emerges as a human potential differentiated in vulnerabilities and potentialities in front of modern Homo sapiens. Thus, the contemporary legal personality is affected and it is necessary to rethink its formulation. It is argued that the possibilities of protection and responsibility of the cyborg imply an unprecedented legal existence through a new person, the non-natural person


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cibernética/ética , Inteligencia Artificial/ética , Robótica/ética , Aptitud/ética , Adaptación Fisiológica , Ergonomía , Desarrollo Humano , Inteligencia Artificial/legislación & jurisprudencia , Robótica/legislación & jurisprudencia , Derechos Humanos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Fenómenos Biomecánicos
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