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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(1): 62-67, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381803

RESUMEN

AIM: Dental cosmetics have always had a large-scale impact on an individual's social life. A variety of dental treatment regimens ranging from composite resins to ceramics are available to enhance the oral esthetic appearance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study aimed to identify the preferred dental cosmetic treatment regimen used in Saudi Arabia. The sample included 434 patients, who were asked to mention their preferred esthetic treatment. A close-ended, predesigned questionnaire was used to collect the data. The questionnaire was made using the survey monkey which was distributed to the study participants using social networking sites like WhatsApp and E-mail. The response data were analyzed using SPSS. RESULTS: Out of 434 respondents included in the study, 140 were males and 294 were females. The majority of the participants had taken some form of esthetic dental treatment (n = 230); of these composite buildups were the most common (n = 132), followed by bleaching (n = 84), veneers (n = 31) and prepless veneers (lumineers) (n = 11). It was noted that a majority of the surveyed population preferred permanent treatment modalities (n = 304) rather than temporary treatment strategies (n = 33). CONCLUSION: A significant proportion of participants preferred taking permanent treatment over the temporary treatment regimens. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Understanding patient's perception regarding their dental esthetics helps the clinicians to plan treatments which are patient compliant and elicits a higher level of therapeutic satisfaction.


Asunto(s)
Estética Dental , Prioridad del Paciente , Atención Odontológica , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Arabia Saudita , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(2): 197-201, 2020 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381827

RESUMEN

AIMS: To study the prevalence of three-rooted mandibular permanent first molars (PFM) among Saudi population in Al Zulfi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were selected from the patients' records, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Zulfi, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Healthy patients with the presence of both mandibular PFM, orthopantomogram (OPG) and/or intraoral periapical (IOPA) radiographs were included in the study. All patients included were evaluated by a single examiner using OPG and IOPA radiographs. The occurrence of three roots, status of the tooth and associated anomalies were considered for analysis. Descriptive statistics performed using IBM SPSS (Version 21.0) at a 95% confidence interval (p < 0.05) while the Chi-square test and Fisher test were used for the incidence, and comparison of occurrence of the third root in PFM in the mandibular arch. RESULTS: A sample of 433 subjects was selected randomly based on our inclusion criteria. Only 24 (5.5%) subjects had evidence of three-rooted mandibular PFM with the mean age of 27.67 years. The frequency of bilateral and unilateral three-rooted mandibular PFM was 2.3% (10) and 3.2% (14), respectively. Overall 41.6% of subjects were witnessed with the bilateral occurrence and unilateral occurrence was 58.4% [(57% (8) were on the right and 42% (6) were left side] (p < 0.05). However, no significant relationship was observed between the left and right occurrence of three-rooted mandibular PFM (p < 0.05). Thirty-four (7.8%) PFM were presented with three roots and among them, 70% (24) received treatment. Dilacerations (12.5%), taurodontism (37%) and hypodontia (4%) were associated with three-rooted PFM in the mandibular arch. Kappa statistics showed excellent intra-examiner reliability (κ = 0.9). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of three-rooted PFM was 5.5% in the present study and unilateral occurrence is very common. Over 70% of these PFM received dental treatment in Saudi Arabia population. Always, IOPA radiographs are required to confirm the evidence of three-rooted mandibular PFM where three-dimensional imaging is not available. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: An Eagle's eye of an endodontist on three-rooted PFM is of utmost importance in the treatment protocol when the tooth is planned for root canal therapy.


Asunto(s)
Diente Molar , Raíz del Diente , Adulto , Humanos , Prevalencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estudios Retrospectivos , Arabia Saudita
3.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(1): 78-82, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381806

RESUMEN

AIM: This study was aimed to evaluate the oral health status and knowledge of diabetic and nondiabetic patients attending dental clinic at College of Dentistry, Hail, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was an observational cross-sectional study. Using nonprobability convenient sampling technique, data were collected from 202 respondents. A total of 202 diabetic and nondiabetic patients were screened for the study. Data were collected by interview using the structured, self-administered questionnaire, and assessment of oral health status was done by clinical examination. The collected data were analyzed using IBM SPSS software. The data were displayed as numbers and percentages and association among the variable of interests was measured using Pearson Chi-square. RESULTS: Of the 202 patients, 102 (50.6%) were males and 100 (49.4%) were females. Majority of the patients, 71 (35.2%) were in the age-group of 30-40 years. In all, 128 (63.4%) participants knew the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on oral health, 167 (82.7%) knew that diabetic patients needed special healthcare, 152 (75.25%) had never spoken to their doctors about oral health, and 164 (81.19%) had never spoken to their dentists regarding diabetes. CONCLUSION: The complications associated with oral health are more common in diabetic patients when compared to the nondiabetic patients. This is the case in both male and female patients visiting the College of Dentistry in the Hail region. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased susceptibility to oral infections especially periodontal disease. Role of a general dentist in diagnosis and raising patient awareness toward DM and its effects on oral health need to be emphasized.


Asunto(s)
Clínicas Odontológicas , Diabetes Mellitus , Estudios Transversales , Odontología , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Bucal , Arabia Saudita
4.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(3): 253-260, 2020 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434970

RESUMEN

AIM: To investigate and compare the levels of dental anxiety (DA) in relation to khat and non-khat chewer subjects of both genders from Jazan subpopulation, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess DA using the modified dental anxiety scale (MDAS). A total of 352 subjects from the city of Jazan who attended dental clinics for regular treatment were recruited for this study. A questionnaire was used to collect the required information, which consisted of three parts. Descriptive statistics including means, standard deviations, and percentages were calculated. Multiple group comparisons were analyzed using Chi-square tests using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) program. p < 0.05 was considered as the significance level. RESULTS: Among the participants, 75.6% was male, while 71.3% khat chewers, and most of them were male (91.2%). The percentage of the overall mean of MDAS was low; 40% to moderate; 38%, while sever anxiety were present in 4% only. Anxiety related to endodontic treatments represents 33.8% in both genders and 34.3% among the khat chewers, while fear was 42.1% among males and 45.4% among khat chewers. The local anesthesia injection in the gum and tooth drilling items of MDAS were represented by 36.6% for both khat and gender groups and resulted in a fairly and extremely anxious situation during dental treatments. All variables were significantly different. CONCLUSION: The overall DA level was low to moderate among the majority of the assessed subjects. Endodontic treatments were the first type of dental treatments for the subjects, while fear of pain was the most common cause of irregular dental visits. Significant differences were detected between khat and non-khat chewers and between genders in relation to anesthesia injection, and drilling of teeth in the MDAS items. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Community programs focusing on the high DA levels caused by khat chewing might be important in order to minimize the fear of dental treatments and improve and regularize the overall dental treatments.


Asunto(s)
Catha , Masticación , Estudios Transversales , Ansiedad al Tratamiento Odontológico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Arabia Saudita
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 275, 2020 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32264843

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite being largely preventable, surgical site infections (SSIs) are still one of the most frequent healthcare-associated infections. The presence of resistant pathogens can further augment their clinical and economic impacts. The objective was to estimate the distribution and resistance in SSI pathogens in Saudi Arabia and to compare them to the US National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) hospitals. METHODS: Targeted SSI surveillance was prospectively conducted on several surgical procedures done between 2007 and 2016 in four hospitals of Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs. Definitions and methodology of SSI and bacterial resistance were based on NHSN. RESULTS: A total 492 pathogens causing 403 SSI events were included. The most frequent pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus (22.8%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (20.1%), Klebsiella spp. (12.2%), and Escherichia coli (12.2%), with marked variability between surgeries. Approximately 30.3% of Staphylococcus aureus was methicillin-resistant (MRSA), 13.0% of Enterococcus spp. was vancomycin-resistant (VRE), and 5.5% of Enterobacteriaceae were carbapenem resistant (CRE). The highest multidrug-resistant (MDR) GNPs were Acinetobacter spp. (58.3%), Klebsiella spp. (20.4%) and Escherichia coli (16.3%). MRSA was significantly less frequent while cephalosporin-resistant Klebsiella spp., MDR Klebsiella spp., and MDR Escherichia coli were significantly more frequent in our hospitals compared with NHSN hospitals. CONCLUSION: GNPs in a tertiary care setting in Saudi Arabia are responsible for more than 60% of SSI with more resistant patterns than Western countries. This information may be critical to secure resources and ensure support for caregivers and healthcare leaders in implementing antimicrobial stewardship programs and evidence-based SSI preventive practices.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos/farmacología , Infección Hospitalaria/epidemiología , Infección Hospitalaria/microbiología , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple , Bacterias Gramnegativas/efectos de los fármacos , Infecciones por Bacterias Gramnegativas/epidemiología , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/epidemiología , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/microbiología , Adulto , Anciano , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(17): e19873, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332654

RESUMEN

To measure Primary Health Care physicians' knowledge of and adherence to the Saudi Hypertension Management Guidelines (SHMGs) in Southwest of Saudi Arabia.This study was a cross-sectional investigation where data was collected via a self-administered questionnaire. The demographics of the physicians, data related to the source of the guidelines for hypertension management, knowledge about the SHMGs and physicians' adherence to the SHMG were collected. Student's t test was used to assess the presence of any statistical difference between the level of knowledge and adherence according to the study's measured variables.A total of 316 physicians participated in this investigation, representing 65% of all the PHC physicians in the Jazan region. The number of correct answers measuring knowledge about various topics varied between 18% and 94% with a mean overall score of 7.9/16. The number of reported practices adherent to the guidelines varied between 2% and 97%, and the mean overall score was 7.2/11. Receiving hypertension management guidelines from the Directory of Health was statistically associated with a higher level of knowledge (P value < .05). Undergoing clinical training for hypertension management and seeing fewer numbers of patients on a daily basis was associated with a statistically higher level of adherence to the guidelines (P value < .05).Improper distribution of guidelines, lack of continuous clinical training, negative attitude of physicians toward guidelines and large number of patients seen by physicians are likely to hinder translating guidelines to actual clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica/normas , Adhesión a Directriz/normas , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Médicos de Atención Primaria/normas , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Competencia Clínica/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Adhesión a Directriz/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Médicos de Atención Primaria/estadística & datos numéricos , Arabia Saudita , Autoinforme , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(1): e019119, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236334

RESUMEN

Serological screening of 199 serum samples from Dromedary camels-from different cities in Saudi Arabia-was performed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detecting antibodies against two cyst-forming coccidian parasites, namely Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum. Antibodies against T. gondii were detected in 68 (34.2%) samples, while those against N. caninum were present in 33 (16.6%) samples. The highest seroprevalence of T. gondii antibodies was reported in samples from Taif (51.2%), while the lowest seroprevalence was reported in samples from Riyadh and Hofuf (15.1%). The highest seroprevalence of N. caninum antibodies was reported in samples from Jizan (35.9%) while the lowest was reported in samples from Taif (2.4%). A total of 47 male and 21 female camels exhibited antibodies against T. gondii , while 19 male and 14 female camels showed antibodies against N. caninum . Concurrent detection of both T. gondii and N. caninum antibodies was observed in 18 camels. It has been demonstrated that T. gondii and N. caninum antibodies are prevalent in camels from different cities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Antiprotozoarios/sangre , Camelus/parasitología , Coccidiosis/veterinaria , Neospora/inmunología , Toxoplasma/inmunología , Toxoplasmosis Animal/epidemiología , Animales , Coccidiosis/epidemiología , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática/veterinaria , Femenino , Masculino , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Estudios Seroepidemiológicos , Toxoplasmosis Animal/diagnóstico
11.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(1): e020019, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236335

RESUMEN

Knowledge of the Arabian Gulf fish's parasite fauna is very poor. Until recently, only scattered reports from different locations are known for ecto- and endoparasites. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the digenean species that infects one of the most economically fish species in the Arabian Gulf, the rosy goatfish Parupeneus rubescens . One plagiorchiid species has been described, belonging to the Gorgoderidae family, and has been named as Phyllodistomum vaili Ho, Bray, Cutmore, Ward & Cribb, 2014 based on its morphological and morphometric characteristics. In order to accurately classify and characterize this plagiorchiid species, molecular analysis was carried out using both nuclear 18S and 28S rRNA gene regions and revealed that the present plagiorchiid species was associated with other species belonging to the Gorgoderidae family and deeply embedded in the Phyllodistomum genus, closely related to the previously described P. vaili (gb| KF013187.1, KF013173.1). The present study therefore revealed that the species Phyllodistomum is the first account as endoparasites from the rosy goatfish inhabiting the Arabian Gulf.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de los Peces/parasitología , Perciformes/parasitología , Trematodos/aislamiento & purificación , Animales , ADN Ribosómico/genética , Filogenia , ARN Ribosómico 18S , ARN Ribosómico 28S , Arabia Saudita , Trematodos/clasificación , Trematodos/genética
12.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.3, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230208

RESUMEN

During the past 20 decades, many taxonomic and ecological studies were undertaken on different taxa of a fascinating, biologically diverse group of insects, the aculeate wasps, in different areas of the Arabian Peninsula. These wasps comprise all Aculeata, except for the ants (Formicidae) and bees (Anthophila) which are specialized monophyletic groups that have attracted more focused attention across the world. The Arabian studies have been published in the form of scattered articles in various journals, newsletters, book chapters, etc., many being rather obscure and difficult to trace. Recently, the number of such studies has increased as a result of targeted collecting projects. The results of most of these have now been published, making this an opportune time to collect all the available information into a single volume that makes it more accessible to researchers interested in this group of insects. In the process, this provides us an opportunity to estimate the diversity and distributions of aculeate wasps in the Arabian countries. This is also important for the development of the Arabian national collections, especially in aggregating taxonomic changes with their subsequent synonymous forms and pointing out the very many gaps in sampling, so indicating where additional work is needed.


Asunto(s)
Hormigas , Himenópteros , Avispas , Animales , Abejas , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
13.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.4, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230209

RESUMEN

The current knowledge of the distribution and diversity of extant aculeate wasps (Aculeata excluding ants and bees) in the Arabian Peninsula (and Socotra) is reviewed. The number of species (1096 of which about 28% are apparently endemic) represents about 3% of the world fauna, with Crabronidae the most diverse family (about 35% of Arabian species). Most species (46%) are Afrotropical, 37% are Palaearctic, and 17% are Indo-Malayan (Oriental).


Asunto(s)
Hormigas , Himenópteros , Avispas , Animales , Abejas , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
14.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.5, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230210

RESUMEN

An updated checklist of the Arabian species of Ampulicidae is provided here. The list includes four identified valid species in three genera and two subfamilies: Ampulicinae (2 genera, 3 species) and Dolichurinae (1 genus, 1 species). Distributions, both on the Peninsula and extra-limital, are provided for each species; of these, one (25%) is confined to the Arabian Peninsula.


Asunto(s)
Himenópteros , Avispas , Animales , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
15.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.6, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230211

RESUMEN

An updated checklist of the Arabian species of Crabronidae is provided here. The list includes 383 identified valid species in 54 genera and seven subfamilies: Astatinae (3 genera, 16 species), Bembicinae (10 genera, 86 species), Crabroninae (27 genera, 199 species), Dinetinae (1 genus, 3 species), Eremiaspheciinae (2 genera, 7 species), Pemphredoninae (7 genera, 14 species) and Philanthinae (4 genera, 58 species). Distributions, both on the Peninsula and extra-limital, are provided for each species and subspecies; 77 species (20%) are endemic to the Arabian Peninsula, as is one subspecies.


Asunto(s)
Himenópteros , Avispas , Animales , Abejas , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
16.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.7, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230212

RESUMEN

An updated checklist of the Arabian species of Heterogynaidae is provided here. The list includes two identified valid species in one genus. Distributions on the Peninsula are provided for each species; both (100%) are endemic to the Arabian Peninsula.


Asunto(s)
Himenópteros , Avispas , Animales , Abejas , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
17.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.8, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230213

RESUMEN

An updated checklist of the Arabian species of Sphecidae is provided here. The list includes 70 identified valid species in 10 genera and four subfamilies: Ammophilinae (4 genera, 35 species), Chloriontinae (1 genus, 6 species), Sceliphrinae (2 genera, 8 species) and Sphecinae (3 genera, 21 species). Distributions, both on the Peninsula and extra-limital, are provided for each species and subspecies; four species (6%) are endemic to the Arabian Peninsula.


Asunto(s)
Ascomicetos , Himenópteros , Avispas , Animales , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
18.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.9, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230214

RESUMEN

An updated checklist of the Arabian species of Bethylidae is provided here. The list includes 29 identified valid species in 25 genera and five subfamilies: Bethylinae (2 genera, 0 species), Epyrinae (5 genera, 8 species), Mesitiinae (7 genera, 13 species), Pristocerinae (5 genus, 1 species) and Scleroderminae (6 genera, 7 species). Distributions, both on the Peninsula and extra-limital, are provided for each species; 17 species (59%) are endemic to the Arabian Peninsula.


Asunto(s)
Himenópteros , Avispas , Animales , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
19.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.10, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230215

RESUMEN

An updated checklist of the Arabian species of Chrysididae is provided here. Three new synonymies (valid name first) are proposed: Chrysis mirifica Balthasar, 1953 = Chrysis dawahi Strumia, 2012 syn. nov.; Chrysis viridissima Klug, 1845 = Chrysis decolorata Strumia Dawah, 2019 syn. nov.; Trichrysis longispina (Mocsáry, 1912) = Trichrysis flavicornis Strumia Dawah, 2019 syn. nov.. Consequently, the list includes 124 identified species in 22 genera and three tribes, all in the subfamily Chrysidinae: Elampini (11 genera, 48 species), Chrysidini (9 genera, 73 species), and Parnopini (2 genera, 3 species). In addition, there is a single record of an unidentified species of the subfamily Cleptinae. Distributions, both on the Peninsula and extra-limital, are provided for each species and subspecies; 41 species (33%) are endemic to the Arabian Peninsula, as are five subspecies.


Asunto(s)
Himenópteros , Avispas , Distribución Animal , Animales , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
20.
Zootaxa ; 4754(1): zootaxa.4754.1.11, 2020 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230216

RESUMEN

An updated checklist of the Arabian species of Dryinidae is provided here. The list includes 40 identified species in eight genera and five subfamilies: Anteoninae (2 genera, 11 species), Aphelopinae (1 genus, 4 species), Bocchinae (2 genera, 5 species), Dryininae (1 genus, 5 species) and Gonatopodinae (2 genera, 15 species). Distributions, both on the Peninsula and extra-limital, are provided for each species; nine species (23%) are endemic to the Arabian Peninsula.


Asunto(s)
Ascomicetos , Himenópteros , Avispas , Animales , Biodiversidad , Arabia Saudita
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