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1.
J Forensic Sci ; 65(1): 103-111, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404476

RESUMEN

This study analyzes postmortem records from 260 homicide cases autopsied by the Department of Forensic Medicine in Rome from 2000 to 2014. The victims were mainly males (74%) and young (61% aged from 21 to 50 years). Although the victims were mostly Italians, the number of foreign victims (33%) has increased since 1990, primarily due to immigration. The offenders frequently used firearms (39%), particularly in multiple murders. An increase in blunt (20%) and sharp force (32%) weapons was also seen. The primary crime scene was residential (42%), and the head was the most frequently injured body region. Male victims occurred frequently in the context of organized crime (7.6%). In family or intimate-sexual relationships, women were the majority of victims (8%). Forensic pathologists play an important role during investigation. They should consider all the information available to them, including autopsy information, crime scene information, and crime investigation data.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Niño , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , Distribución por Sexo , Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas y Traumatismos/mortalidad , Adulto Joven
3.
East Asian Arch Psychiatry ; 29(3): 87-90, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566184

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of violence and factors associated with aggressive or violent behaviour in Thai patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in all patients with schizophrenia aged ≥18 years admitted to Suan Prung Psychiatric Hospital, Thailand, between January and November 2014. Baseline interviews were conducted by a psychiatrist and psychiatric nurses. Accessibility to weapons and toxic chemicals was evaluated. RESULTS: Of 230 patients with schizophrenia screened, 207 (162 men and 45 women) were included. Of them, only 16 (7.7%) patients had aggressive or violent behaviour, including verbal aggression (n = 7), physical aggression (n = 5), and aggression against property (n = 4). Nonetheless, only 2 (12.5%) of them had been charged by the police. The weapon score was higher in violent than non-violent patients (p < 0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the weapon score was the only significant predictor of violence. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with schizophrenia with greater access to weapons were more likely to have aggressive or violent behaviour. Routine screening for access to weapons in clinical settings and adequate treatment of psychotic symptoms may reduce the incidence of aggressive or violent behaviour and violent offences.


Asunto(s)
Agresión/psicología , Psicología del Esquizofrénico , Violencia/psicología , Violencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Hospitalización , Hospitales Psiquiátricos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalencia , Tailandia/epidemiología , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos
4.
S Afr Med J ; 109(6): 437-442, 2019 May 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266564

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Even though the rate of eldercide (homicide in the age group ≥60 years) in South Africa (SA) is higher than the global rate, it receives little attention compared with homicide in younger (<60 years) age groups. OBJECTIVES: To: (i) establish the proportion and rates of eldercide relative to homicide in young adult and middle-aged populations, and determine whether proportions of homicide across the age groups differ by race; and (ii) determine differences in homicide victim and incident characteristics across the three age categories and establish whether these differences vary by race. METHODS: This retrospective study analysed homicide data for adults (aged ≥15 years) drawn from the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System (NIMSS) for the City of Johannesburg, SA (2001 - 2010). Percentages and rates were used to describe the incidence of eldercide (age ≥60 years) relative to homicide in middle age (35 - 59 years) and youth (15 - 34 years). Eldercide and middle-age and youth homicides were compared by sex, race, weapon used, scene of injury, day of the week and time of death. RESULTS: For the 10-year period 2001 - 2010, NIMSS registered a total of 14 678 adult homicide deaths for Johannesburg. Of these, a very small proportion (3.8%) were eldercides, 46.9% were middle-age homicides, and the majority (58.4%) were young adult homicides. The average annual eldercide rate (23.1/100 000) was also lower than the rate for the middle-aged (46.9/100 000) and young adult (58.4/100 000) groups. However, the difference in rates between the age groups decreased considerably over the study period. Race-specific patterns were observed in the distribution of homicide across age groups. Compared with the circumstantial patterns for youth and middle-age homicides, eldercide involved higher proportions of females and white victims, and greater use of blunt force and strangulation. Whereas homicides in the other age groups tended to occur in public spaces and during weekends and nights, eldercides occurred mainly in a home, during the week and during daytime. CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics of eldercide differ from those of youth and middle-age homicides. The specificities of the circumstances suggest that interventions should take cognisance of the temporal and spatial dimensions of eldercide and go beyond the regular security and policing measures to ensure the safety of the elderly in Johannesburg.


Asunto(s)
Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Africana/estadística & datos numéricos , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Europea/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/etnología , Humanos , Incidencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Distribución por Sexo , Sudáfrica/epidemiología , Factores de Tiempo , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
5.
Int J Occup Environ Med ; 10(3): 111-123, 2019 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325294

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nurses are more likely to be exposed to violence at their workplace in comparison with other employees. OBJECTIVE: To determine various aspects of violence against nurses in Shiraz public hospitals. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2017 to 2018, using a multistage random sampling method. Violence including verbal threats, verbal abuse, physical and sexual abuse as well as ethnical types, violence from patients, patients' companions and coworkers, and causes of violence were investigated using a checklist. RESULTS: 405 nurses with a mean age of 30.2 (SD 7.1) years and female to male ratio of 4.2 were interviewed. 363 (89.6%) nurses had experienced at least one kind of violence; 68.4% suffered from more than one type of violence. Verbal abuse (83.9%), verbal threats (27.6%), physical violence (21.4%), sexual abuse (10.8%), and ethnical harassment (6.1%) were the most common types of violence experienced by the nurses. Patients' companions, patients, and physicians were reported as the sources of violence in 70.6%, 43.1%, and 4.1% of cases, respectively. Nurses with non-official employment status and non-Farsi ethnicity, having a disease, with non-evening shift work, and those with short or long employment period were more affected. Unrealistic expectations by patients' companions and long working hours were the most common attributing factors. CONCLUSION: Violence against nurses, as a strenuous and health-threatening crisis, has become epidemic in public hospitals in our region. Effective interventions are warranted to sort out these problems.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Delitos Sexuales/estadística & datos numéricos , Violencia Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Hospitales Públicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Irán , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Universidades , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
6.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 65: 27-31, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039538

RESUMEN

A retrospective analysis of 2000 intentional homicide cases from the State Forensic Medicine Service (Vilnius, Lithuania) was carried out in order to evaluate the portrait of homicide victims and mechanisms of death between 2004 and 2016. The definition of intentional homicide appears to be quite straightforward, as a homicide occurs when one person's cause of death can be attributed to another one. Moreover, homicide is accomplished by conscious, active, intentional, or unintentional activities or inaction. All included cases of homicide were qualified as intentional murder. Children rarely become victims of intentional homicide. The group of child intentional murder made only 4.2% of all homicide cases. Seventy-three percent of homicide victims were male. The female victims were older than male and were murdered using a larger variety of objects (p < 0.001). Heavily alcohol-intoxicated victims were murdered using more traumatic affliction by sharp, stabbing-cutting objects (p < 0.001). The largest number of traumatic afflictions was associated with using a blunt object (p < 0.001). Lithuania differs from other European countries in terms of death by shooting: while 13% of homicides resulted from gunshot wounds in Europe, in Lithuania, only 5.6% of homicides did. This fact can be attributed to a relatively lower firearm ownership in Lithuania. This research is the first study that evaluates homicide in Lithuania based on autopsy findings. This study is highly important for homicide investigation tactics, as it emphasizes the portrait of the victim, providing valuable information about the most common mechanism of death, used weapons and traumatic afflictions for the law enforcement agencies.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Intoxicación Alcohólica/epidemiología , Asfixia/mortalidad , Niño , Preescolar , Escolaridad , Producto Interno Bruto , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Lituania/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Distribución por Sexo , Desempleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas no Penetrantes/mortalidad , Heridas Penetrantes/mortalidad , Adulto Joven
7.
Forensic Sci Int ; 300: 145-150, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31108375

RESUMEN

Cases of corpse dismemberment are rare, but occur most frequently in urban agglomerations. A distinction is made between defensive and offensive corpse dismemberment. This systematic review retrospectively assesses the phenomenology of 51 cases of corpse dismemberment (30 defensive and 21 offensive), which occurred in a period of 57 years and were subject to medico-legal autopsies performed at the Departement of Legal Medicine in Hamburg, Germany. The victims' gender ratio was 1.7:1 female to male. In most cases, the perpetrators were middle-aged men from the close social environment, who had no psychiatric primary illnesses, no experience in the medical sector, and had not worked professionally as a butcher. In 80% of the cases it was possible to establish the cause of death; the most frequent cause was injuries sustained through sharp force (15 cases). The cases are discussed within the context of the existing international literature on corpse dismemberment.


Asunto(s)
Desmembramiento de Cadáver , Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Niño , Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Escolaridad , Femenino , Ciencias Forenses , Alemania/epidemiología , Humanos , Masculino , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ocupaciones/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Distribución por Sexo , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
8.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(3): 173-179, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614736

RESUMEN

This study examines the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between weapon carrying and cyberbullying (i.e., perpetration, victimization, and perpetration/victimization) and explore the relationship directions. Four waves of data were used from an ongoing longitudinal study. Participants were 1,042 adolescents, including 55.9 percent female, 31.7 percent Hispanic, 30.3 percent white, 26.6 percent African American, and 11.4 percent other, with a mean age of 15.1 years at baseline. Logistic regressions identified cross-sectional associations between weapon carrying and cyberbullying perpetration and victimization, but not for perpetration/victimization. Compared with their noninvolved counterparts, cyberbullying perpetrator were 1.97 times more likely to carry a weapon 1 year later and cyberbullying perpetrator/victims were 2.65 times more likely to carry a weapon one year later. Youth who had carried a weapon were 1.97 times more likely to be cyberbullying victims 1 year later and 1.70 times more likely to be a victim 2 years later, compared with their nonweapon-carrying counterparts. The findings highlight the importance of intervention programs targeting both cyberbullying perpetration and weapon carriage.


Asunto(s)
Ciberacoso/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino
9.
Int J Legal Med ; 133(4): 1217-1224, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465079

RESUMEN

Edged weapons (sometimes referred to as sharp weapons or blades) are an increasing threat to military personnel, the blue light community (police, ambulance, firefighters, other first responders) and the general public worldwide. The use of edged weapons in criminal and terrorist incidents internationally means the forensic community needs an awareness of the technology of edged weapons, how they are used, the damage (clothing and wounding) that might be caused and any other forensic implications. In this paper, the magnitude of the problem is presented, prior research summarised and implications for forensic investigations discussed.


Asunto(s)
Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas Punzantes/epidemiología , Heridas Punzantes/prevención & control , Medicina Legal , Humanos
10.
J Forensic Sci ; 64(1): 154-162, 2019 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29684938

RESUMEN

Research on female sexual homicide has been very scarce. In Europe, it has rarely been examined, and in Scotland, it has never previously been studied. This exploratory study aims to examine the characteristics of sexual homicides involving female offenders between 1990 and 2015 in Scotland. Using data from the Scottish Homicide Database between 1990 and 2015, female sexual homicides (n = 7) were compared to nonsexual homicides committed by females (n = 106) and to sexual homicides committed by men (n = 89) using Fisher's exact tests. The findings show that although female sexual homicide offenders are similar to both female nonsexual homicide offenders and male sexual homicide offenders in certain aspects, there are important differences that distinguish sexual homicides involving female offenders from both groups. Female sexual homicide offenders can arguably be seen as a distinct group of offenders, with specific characteristics and specific needs.


Asunto(s)
Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Delitos Sexuales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Europea/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Abuso Físico/estadística & datos numéricos , Escocia/epidemiología , Desempleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
11.
J Forensic Sci ; 64(1): 163-165, 2019 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29768652

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to differentiate between homicides committed by multiple offenders and homicides committed by lone offenders. Using data on homicide incidents that occurred in South Korea between 1985 and 2008, we compared 134 homicides committed by multiple offenders, with 369 homicides committed by lone offenders. A greater proportion of homicides committed by multiple offenders involved injuries to the victim's head compared to homicides by lone offenders. Homicides committed by multiple offenders were more likely to involve blunt instruments and ligatures, whereas homicides by lone offenders were more likely to involve sharp instruments. In addition, a majority of the homicides committed by multiple offenders were planned. The results of this study have practical implications for homicide investigations, as well as theoretical implications for homicide research on the difference in offense behaviors based on the number of offenders.


Asunto(s)
Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , República de Corea , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas y Traumatismos/mortalidad
12.
Forensic Sci Int ; 294: 196-203, 2019 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30544084

RESUMEN

Research demonstrates that prostitutes are at heightened risk of fatal victimization. Besides, prostitute homicides are known to be notoriously difficult to investigate; and hence, little is known about this underresearched offender and vulnerable victim populations. This study aims to explore the offender, victim, and offense characteristics of 244 single-victim heterosexual prostitute homicides, extracted from the US Supplementary Homicide Reports database, for a period spanning over 37years (1976-2012). Findings indicate that the general portrait of the offender who murdered a prostitute victim is a male in his early 30s who committed the murder in a higher populated area against a female of similar age range. Edged weapons, firearms, and personal weapons are reported to be commonly used in killing the victim. Data limitations are discussed along with the need for future research to build on the knowledge.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Trabajadores Sexuales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Grupos de Población Continentales/estadística & datos numéricos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Distribución por Sexo , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
13.
J Forensic Sci ; 64(4): 1119-1124, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30556905

RESUMEN

In Geneva, examination of victims of sexual assault is performed by a gynecologist and a medical examiner. 48% of the victims file a complaint and we wanted to investigate the factors leading to file a complaint, those leading the Prosecutor to go to trial, and those influencing a conviction. Between 2006 and 2012, 676 victims of sexual assault were investigated (averaged age 26 year, mean 22). Information on injuries, perpetrators, and circumstances of the assault was collected and analyzed. The attacker being the ex-spouse or a friend and the presence of semen were factors leading to file a complaint. The assailant being a family member or ex-spouse and the presence of genital/anal lesions were factors influencing the Prosecutor. The presence of nongenital lesions, the assailant being known by the victim, influenced conviction. This study shows that the medical examiner plays a vital role in the investigation of cases of sexual assault.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/legislación & jurisprudencia , Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Delitos Sexuales/legislación & jurisprudencia , Delitos Sexuales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Médicos Forenses , Recolección de Datos , Femenino , Ginecología , Humanos , Masculino , Médicos , Semen , Suiza/epidemiología , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas y Traumatismos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
14.
Int J Public Health ; 63(8): 957-965, 2018 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29882007

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between personal, relational and school factors with involvement in fights with weapon among Brazilian school-age youth. METHODS: Using data from the Adolescent School-Based Health Survey 2015 (n = 102.072), we conducted multilevel logistic regression models. RESULTS: IFW was associated with female sex (OR = 0.45), and with older age (OR = 1.15), previous involvement in physical violence (OR = 2.05), history of peer verbal (OR = 1.14) and domestic victimization (OR = 2.11), alcohol use (OR = 2.42) and drug use (OR = 3.23). The relational variables (e.g., parent's supervision) were mostly negatively associated with IFW. At the school level, attending public school and attending schools in violent surroundings were both positively associated with IFW. The intraclass correlation coefficient estimated in the empty model showed that 5.77% of the variance of IFW was at school level. When all individual- and school-level variables were included in the model, the proportional changes in variance were 61.7 and 71.55%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: IFW is associated with personal, relational and school factors. Part of the variance in IFW by school is explained by characteristics of the school context.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Grupo Paritario , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Medio Social , Violencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/psicología , Brasil , Acoso Escolar/psicología , Acoso Escolar/estadística & datos numéricos , Víctimas de Crimen/psicología , Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Sexuales , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/psicología , Violencia/psicología
15.
Med Confl Surviv ; 34(1): 39-45, 2018 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29663833

RESUMEN

Mortality data plays an essential role in shaping humanitarian, legal and ethical responses to conflict situations. The rise of drone warfare poses new questions regarding the accuracy and reliability of mortality data in conflict. This article examines some of the methodological and political challenges to collecting mortality data in drone warfare, and how the way in which drones are framed in public discourse contributes to these challenges.


Asunto(s)
Aeronaves , Recolección de Datos/métodos , Mortalidad , Política , Guerra , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Políticas , Salud Pública , Guerra/ética , Armas/ética , Armas/legislación & jurisprudencia
16.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 39(2): 148-151, 2018 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29461268

RESUMEN

As people age, they may become more vulnerable to injury because of frailty, ill health, or dependency on others. Data from medicolegal death investigation including autopsy and statements from cases reported to 3 medicolegal units in Sri Lanka were analyzed in this study under the strict ethical framework. Of the study population, 265 were male and 75 were female. Mean age was 71.14 years. Commonest manner of death was accidental (62.1%) followed by suicide (32.1%) and homicide (5.6%). Commonest types of incidents were road traffic accidents (26.5%), falls (22.6%), and poisoning (21.2%). Among the road traffic accidents, pedestrians (77.9%) were the majority. Poisoning (59.6%) was the commonest method of suicide. The commonest weapons used in homicides were blunt weapons (47.3%). Association with alcohol was seen in more than 10% of suicidal and accidental deaths. More attention should be given to the elderly people who are using the roads while developing policies by the state. Furthermore, it is high time to think about psychological aspect in the elderly care management specially alcohol abuse and suicidal ideation among them.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes/mortalidad , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , Causas de Muerte , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Envenenamiento/mortalidad , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Sri Lanka , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos
17.
J Forensic Sci ; 63(4): 1134-1137, 2018 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29059717

RESUMEN

On the basis of information regarding 276 homicides committed in South Korea between 1987 and 2008, we compared offenders' and victims' characteristics, injury locations, weapon-related behavior, and offending behavior between homicides involving sharp and blunt instruments. The victims of sharp-force homicide were much younger relative to those of blunt-force homicide. In addition, homicides involving blunt instruments were more likely to be committed by offenders who lived with the victims. Most sharp-force homicides involved injuries to the torso, while blunt-force homicides involved mainly head injuries. Furthermore, perpetrators of sharp-force homicides tended to preselect their weapons, while those of blunt-force homicides were likely to use weapons of opportunity. Logistic regression analysis identified a number of factors, including injury location and body transportation, which significantly predicted weapon type. As this was the first South Korean study to compare sharp- and blunt-force homicides, the results have practical implications for homicide investigations.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas no Penetrantes/mortalidad , Heridas Punzantes/mortalidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , Niño , Preescolar , Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Medicina Legal , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , República de Corea/epidemiología , Distribución por Sexo , Heridas no Penetrantes/patología , Heridas Punzantes/patología , Adulto Joven
18.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol ; 62(11): 3408-3435, 2018 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29121814

RESUMEN

The comparison of the South Korean male and female homicide offenders' characteristics and crime scene behaviours is presented in this study. A total of 537 cases of homicide offenders prosecuted in Korea between 2006 and 2010 were analyzed in terms of offenders' characteristics, victim-offender interaction, places of crime, and crime scene actions. Significant differences between male and female offenders were revealed in prior criminal history, offenders' personal characteristics, choice of victim, crime scene behaviours during and after the homicide, and choice of weapon. The parallel with the gender differences in homicides found in Western countries is discussed as well as the possible explanations for the gender-related characteristics found in this study.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Criminales/psicología , Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil/estadística & datos numéricos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , República de Corea , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
19.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol ; 62(7): 1906-1924, 2018 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28671002

RESUMEN

Research on mass murder is limited due to differences in definitions (particularly with respect to victim count), as well as categorizations based on motive. These limitations restrict our understanding of the offending, adjudication, and outcome patterns of these offenders and can obscure potential underlying similarities to comparable types of offenders (e.g., lone actors or terrorists). To address some of these limitations, this research study, which includes an international sample of 434 cases (455 total offenders), uses descriptive and empirical analyses of solo male, solo female, and partnered mass murderers (teams of two or more) to explore offending, adjudication, and outcome patterns among these different types offenders. While the results from this research study support much previous mass murder research, the findings also emphasize the importance of large international sample sizes, objective categorizations, and the use of empirically based analyses to further advance our understanding of these offenders.


Asunto(s)
Criminales/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Criminales/legislación & jurisprudencia , Femenino , Homicidio/legislación & jurisprudencia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Métodos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
20.
J Emerg Nurs ; 44(3): 249-257, 2018 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28757185

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Health care workers suffer higher rates of violence-related injuries than workers in other industries, with hospital security officers and ED personnel at particularly high risk for injury. Arming hospital security workers with conducted electrical weapons, such as tasers, has been suggested as an intervention to decrease violence-related injuries in the hospital. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of all security and ED nursing staff at an urban level 1 trauma center was identified from human resources data for the period 4 years before and 7 years after security workers were armed with conducted electrical weapons. A violence-related rate of injury was calculated as all violence-related injuries incurred by each employee for the numerator and the productive hours worked by each person during the study period as the denominator. RESULTS: The hospital employed approximately 30 security staff and 200 nursing staff at the time, with a total of 98 security officers and 468 nursing staff members over the 11 years of study. During the total nursing study period, 98 security officers contributed 452,901 hours; 265 registered nurses from the emergency department contributed 1,535,044 hours; and 203 health care assistants contributed 624,805 hours. Security officers' violence-related rate of injury was 13 times higher than that of the nursing staff. The risk ratio was 1.0 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.7-1.4) between the 2 examination periods for security officers, with similar results for nurses. However, among security workers, the cost of the injuries decreased in the period after implementation. CONCLUSION: Carrying conducted electrical weapons by hospital security staff appears to have limited capacity to decrease overall rates of violence-related injury but may decrease the severity of violence-related injuries. The latter could decease costs to health care organizations as well as morbidity of injured staff. Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice.


Asunto(s)
Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Traumatismos Ocupacionales/prevención & control , Personal de Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Medidas de Seguridad/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Violencia Laboral/prevención & control , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Enfermería de Urgencia , Femenino , Hospitales Urbanos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Centros Traumatológicos , Violencia Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
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